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The history of Tinos

In the ancient times Tinos was called Ophioussa (ophis = snake) because of the large amount of snakes on the island, and Ydroussa (hydria = places with water) because there was so much water on the island. According to mythology Poseiden chased away the snakes from the island. The people of Tinos than dedicated an important temple to him in Kionia. In mythology Tinos is the home of the windgod Aeolos.

The First settlers of Tinos were probably the Phoenicians, and around 1000 BC the island was inhabited by the Ionians. Two tombs from Mykenian time were found in the village Kyra Xani. In the sixth century BC the island was occupied by Eritria en in 490 BC by the Persians. In the same year they regained their freedom at the battle op Marathon. Tinos became a member of the union of Delos (the island) until 386 BC when the island became autonomous. The new freedom didn't last long. Just like all the other Greek islands Tinos came under the rule of Philip of Macedonia. After the death of his sun, Alexander the Great, Tinos came into the hands of the Egyptian Ptolomies dynasty. In the second century before Christ Tinos was, just like the rest of Greece, occupied by the Roman empire.

In the Byzantine period the people of the island moved from the coast to the inland, because of all the raids by pirates. In 1207 Tinos was conquered by the Venetians. They ruled until 1715. The Turks were uncapable to conquer the island, and it remained independant op the Ottoman empire, when the rest of Greece wasn't. The final handover of Tinos from the Venetians to the Ottomans came with many religious and economic priviliges, and the island Tinos florished. The industry and the harbour activity developped quickly, and Tinos Town grew. The island became the economical capital of the Cyclades and the number of people was between 24.000 and 28.000. Until 1821Tinos was the most populous island. In 1830 Tinos became part of nowadays Greece.

Hans Huisman, http://www.angelfire.com/super2/greece/ 2014
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