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Corfu, Paleokastritsa, Angelokastro Fortress Corfu, Paleokastritsa, Angelokastro Fortress Corfu, Paleokastritsa, Angelokastro Fortress Corfu, Paleokastritsa, Angelokastro Fortress Corfu, Paleokastritsa, Angelokastro Fortress
Corfu, Paleokastritsa, Angelokastro Fortress Corfu, Paleokastritsa, Angelokastro Fortress Corfu, Paleokastritsa, Angelokastro Fortress Corfu, Paleokastritsa, Angelokastro Fortress Corfu, Paleokastritsa, Angelokastro Fortress

Near Paleokastritsa you can take a look at the ruins of a fortress from the 13th century (the Angelokastro Fortress) and also at Gardiki there are ruins of a 13th century fortress. The Byzantine fortress Angelokastro, or "Fortress of the Angels" is situated at 305 meters altitude on a steep cliff. The Angelo fortress was named after the ruler of Greek Epirus area that annexed the island of Corfu in 1214 AD (MichaŽl Angelos Komnenos). When the mighty Sicilian king Manfred threatened to attack him he gave him the hand of his daughter and the island of Corfu as part of the dowry.

The last stretch to the fort is on foot over an asphalt road and long stairs with wide steps (duration about 15 minutes). In 1386 the fort fell into the hands of the Venetians. In 1571 the Turks were unable to take over the fortress and so Corfu island did not fall in Turkish hands. After this the Venetians made Corfu their main arsenal and built many fortresses here so the people could continue to resist the Turkish attacks. Within the walls of Angelokastro are the remains of the chapel of Michael and Gabriel. The fortres has been restored and is open to the public between 08.30 and 15.00 hours, but is closed on Mondays. Admission is free. Note: we came to visit on a day somewhere at the end of May - not on a monday and around 11.00 o'clock - and it was also closed. Could be it was too early in the season.

Corfu, Paleokastritsa Monastery Corfu, Paleokastritsa Monastery Corfu, Paleokastritsa Monastery Corfu, Paleokastritsa Monastery Corfu, Paleokastritsa Monastery
Corfu, Paleokastritsa Monastery Corfu, Paleokastritsa Monastery Corfu, Paleokastritsa Monastery Corfu, Paleokastritsa Monastery Corfu, Paleokastritsa Monastery

- The Theotokos Monastery, Paleokastritsa Monastery or "Monastery of the Blessed Virgin Mary" can be found just outside Paleokastritsa on a hill, and it offers beautiful views of the area. The monastery was originally Byzantine and dates from 1228. The current building, including the church, the cells of the monks and the courtyard, was built in the 18th century. In the courtyard stands a "wishing well" in which many people have thrown coins op pieces of papers with their wishes on it. At the monastery is a small museum including rare books, religious garments, icons and other church treasures. Both the entrance to the monastery and the museum are free.

Corfu, Mirtiotissa Monastery Corfu, Mirtiotissa Monastery Corfu, Mirtiotissa Monastery Corfu, Mirtiotissa Monastery Corfu, Mirtiotissa Monastery
Corfu, Mirtiotissa Monastery Corfu, Mirtiotissa Monastery Corfu, Mirtiotissa Monastery Corfu, Mirtiotissa Monastery Corfu, Mirtiotissa Monastery

- The Mirtiotissa monastery in situated in the west of the island of Corfu, on a hill near the beach with the same name. The original monastery dates from the 14th century and is built on the site where a monk, after a vision, appears to have found an icon of the Virgin Mary and a cross in a cave. The opening to this cave was hidden by the myrtle bushes. Such a wonderful discovery of an icon has occurred with great regularity in Greece though. Additional information says then that this monk was originally a Muslim who had converted himself to the Greek Orthodox faith. The buildings that you can see at the Mirtiotissa Monastery today are of a more recent date. The monastery is open to the public, but the doors are simply closed. It states that you can press the doorbell if you want somebody to open the door for you. But a doorbell is nowhere in sight, you can only ring the church bell that's there. From the monastery there is a path to a ghost town called Trialos which has been abandoned for a couple of decades.

Corfu, Gardiki Fortress Corfu, Gardiki Fortress Corfu, Gardiki Fortress Corfu, Gardiki Fortress Corfu, Gardiki Fortress
Corfu, Gardiki Fortress Corfu, Gardiki Fortress Corfu, Gardiki Fortress Corfu, Gardiki Fortress Corfu, Gardiki Fortress

- The 13th century Byzantine castle of Gardiki is located in the south of Corfu island near the village of Agios Matthaeos. This octagonal fortification with a beautiful entrance is pretty well preserved. Large parts of the thick outer walls of the fort are still standing. The fortress is surrounded by olive fields. Gardiki dates from the same period as the fortress Angelokastro. Finds at the castle showed that Corfu was already inhabited 40,000 years ago. It may well be that at that time the island of Corfu was still connected to the mainland of Greece.

Corfu, Panagia Kassopitra in Kassiopi Corfu, Panagia Kassopitra in Kassiopi Corfu, Panagia Kassopitra in Kassiopi Corfu, Panagia Kassopitra in Kassiopi Corfu, Panagia Kassopitra in Kassiopi
Corfu, Panagia Kassopitra in Kassiopi Corfu, Panagia Kassopitra in Kassiopi Corfu, Panagia Kassopitra in Kassiopi Corfu, Panagia Kassopitra in Kassiopi Corfu, Panagia Kassopitra in Kassiopi

- The town church of Kassiopi is situated the spot where once stood a temple of Jupiter, which was attended by the Roman emperor Nero. It is called the Panagia tis Kassopitras church. During the Byzantine time Kassiopi rivaled with Corfu Town for being the most important place on the island. The Panagia Kassopitra church was the important church on the island untill that position was taken over by the St. Spiridon church in Corfu Town. The church is open to the public and there are many icons that refer to the miracles that were performed.

Corfu, Kassiopi Fortress Corfu, Kassiopi Fortress Corfu, Kassiopi Fortress Corfu, Kassiopi Fortress Corfu, Kassiopi Fortress
Corfu, Kassiopi Fortress Corfu, Kassiopi Fortress Corfu, Kassiopi Fortress Corfu, Kassiopi Fortress Corfu, Kassiopi Fortress

- On a hill overlooking the village of Kassiopi are the remains of a castle. It was built there by the Byzantine Emperor around 1140 - 1145 as a protection against pirate raids. The castle dates from the Roman time but the visible remains that are now above the ground are from the Byzantine time. Much of the castle has been demolished by the Venetians when they left Corfu. They didn't want competitors like the Genovese to take charge of the stronghold after they had gone. The length of the circumference of the walls is about one kilometer and the fort has some towers. In 2007 started the restoration of the fort in order to bring it back to its former glory. The fortress of Kassiopi is open to the public and is accessible via a path that leads from the main road that leads to the port of the village. It is clearly indicated with a sign where you should enter. The walk takes around the inside of the castle takes about 20 minutes and gives you some nice views of Kassiopi and its surroundings, the sea and the opposite mainland of Albania which is just at two kilometers distance. Not all parts of the castle were demolished by the Venetians, so you get a nice impression of how it must have looked and how thick the walls were.

Corfu, Life Giving Spring Orthodox Church, Kastellanoi Corfu, Life Giving Spring Orthodox Church, Kastellanoi Corfu, Life Giving Spring Orthodox Church, Kastellanoi Corfu, Life Giving Spring Orthodox Church, Kastellanoi Corfu, Life Giving Spring Orthodox Church, Kastellanoi
Corfu, Life Giving Spring Orthodox Church, Kastellanoi Corfu, Life Giving Spring Orthodox Church, Kastellanoi Corfu, Life Giving Spring Orthodox Church, Kastellanoi Corfu, Life Giving Spring Orthodox Church, Kastellanoi Corfu, Life Giving Spring Orthodox Church, Kastellanoi

- Life Giving Spring Orthodox Church, Kastellanoi - Kastellanoi is a village just southwest of Corfu Town. In the village are some nice churches. The best is just outside the village and is called the Life Giving Spring Church. Unfortunately it was surrounded by a fence and is not accessible. This church is located opposite the Achillion sports center (football field), and next to the Kastellanoi high school.

Corfu, Roda Corfu, Roda Corfu, Roda Corfu, Roda Corfu, Roda
Corfu, Roda Corfu, Roda Corfu, Roda Corfu, Roda Corfu, Roda

- In Roda are the remains of a Doric temple dating from the 5th century BC. The temple is situated near the beach, was about 21.5 to 11.5 meters long and made of sandstone. The influence of the salty air and water were the cause that much of the temple was lost. Some parts of the temple, such as pieces of the roof, can be seen in the Archeological Museum of Corfu Town. In the village of Roda itself there is still quite a number of original old buildings, like for instance the church of St. George, which dates from the 17th century. Note: we visited the temple and as you can see on the pictures it is just a field with grass on it and a fence around it.

- In Acharavi along the main road you can see the remains of Roman baths. They have probably been part of a larger complex, and were discovered during the construction of the road. During the construction of this road much of the larger excavation was damaged. What you can see now are the heating system of the baths and a channel through which water was supplied. These excavation consists of three rooms that were discovered when they were digging to build a house. The excavation is in a former private area that was purchased by the Archaeological Service and is now freely accessible. The baths date from the 3d century AD.

Corfu, Old (Palia) Perithia Corfu, Old (Palia) Perithia Corfu, Old (Palia) Perithia Corfu, Old (Palia) Perithia Corfu, Old (Palia) Perithia
Corfu, Old (Palia) Perithia Corfu, Old (Palia) Perithia Corfu, Old (Palia) Perithia Corfu, Old (Palia) Perithia Corfu, Old (Palia) Perithia

- The old historic village of Ano Perithia is situated in the northeast of the island of Corfu, off the main road between Kassiopi and Acharavi, on the slope of of Mount Pantokrator. The last part of the road to Ano Perithia, as you climb higher up the mountain, gets more narrow and very winding. When you are almost there the road will go down again into what looks like a valley. Here you find the picturesque village of Ano Perithia. It was built here away from the coast and out of sight in the Byzantine period because of the regular pirate attacks on the island. The village dates back to the 14th century and is home to about 130 houses, most of which have now fallen into ruins. The village has cobbled streets and empty old stone houses set in the middle of a beautiful landscape. There are eight churches in Ano Perithia and there are a dozen of tavernas around the main village square. Besides the people that run the tavernas the village is deserted. Ano Perithia is designated as an area of outstanding natural beauty and is a protected heritage site. Unfortunately they are slowly "restoring" the old churches, which will make them look brandnew in the end. All the churches are closed, so no way you can take a look inside. Such a shame. All houses that have been restored have been turned into a taverna and there is a bee keeper in the village that produces honey.

Corfu, Loutses Corfu, Loutses Corfu, Loutses Corfu, Loutses Corfu, Loutses
Corfu, Loutses Corfu, Loutses Corfu, Loutses Corfu, Loutses Corfu, Loutses

- On the way to Old Perithia you come through the traditional village of Loutses with its Saint Anthanasios church, which dates from 1907, and a cave that you can find after a walk along a path. The ceiling of this cave has stalactites and the bottom is colored green with algae. In winter there is water in the cave. From Loutses there are some panoramic views over the landscape and the sea. In the village the nature is lush and there are plenty of flowers. There is also a local taverna where you can have a drink.

Corfu, Agias Paraskevi Monastery Corfu, Agias Paraskevi Monastery Corfu, Agias Paraskevi Monastery Corfu, Agias Paraskevi Monastery Corfu, Agias Paraskevi Monastery

- The Agias Paraskevi Monastery stands along the roadside near the village of Makrades in the northwest of Corfu, near Paleokastritsa and not far from the Angelokastro castle. The monastery is indicated by a sign along the side of the road, but it is inaccessible. There is also little information available about the Agias Paraskevi monastery. The monastery dates from the 17th century and has a beautiful bell tower.

Corfu, Gouvia, Ipapanti Church of Christ Corfu, Gouvia, Ipapanti Church of Christ Corfu, Gouvia, Ipapanti Church of Christ Corfu, Gouvia, Ipapanti Church of Christ Corfu, Gouvia, Ipapanti Church of Christ
Corfu, Gouvia, Ipapanti Church of Christ Corfu, Gouvia, Ipapanti Church of Christ Corfu, Gouvia, Ipapanti Church of Christ Corfu, Gouvia, Ipapanti Church of Christ Corfu, Gouvia, Ipapanti Church of Christ

- The Ipapanti Church of Christ stands in the sea in the village of Gouvia. The church is connected to the mainland of Corfu by a 60 meter long causeway. It was built in 1713 during the Venetian domination of the island of Corfu by a Cretan aristocratic family, who came to Corfu in 1669 after the fall of Candia (nowadays Heraklion). Originally there were precious art treasures in the church that this family had brought from Crete. After inheritance, the church came into the hands of different families and the church eventually became neglected. Only in 1996 began renovation and restoration of the church Ipapanti. The church was as much as possible brought back in its original state. The three altar doors and four icons are 280 years old (before these were housed in the Byzantine Museum for a while).

Corfu, Gouvia, Venetian shipyard Corfu, Gouvia, Venetian shipyard Corfu, Gouvia, Venetian shipyard Corfu, Gouvia, Venetian shipyard Corfu, Gouvia, Venetian shipyard
Corfu, Gouvia, Venetian shipyard Corfu, Gouvia, Venetian shipyard Corfu, Gouvia, Venetian shipyard Corfu, Gouvia, Venetian shipyard Corfu, Gouvia, Venetian shipyard

- In Gouvia you can take a look at the remains of a Venetian shipyard dating from the 18th century. The building with its huge arches can be found in the harbor of the village beside the beach. Gouvia is a natural harbor and here the ships of the Venetians were repaired. In the harbor the ships were protected from possible storms or attacks from enemies. At the entrance of the bay, in Kommeno, stood a small fort to defend the port. Of this fortress only a few small remnants have been preserved and they are situated on private property.

- Agios Markos is a village in the northeast of Corfu just west of the resort of Pyrgi. The village dates from the 11th century and was destroyed during an earthquake in the fifties. The residents were given new land near Pyrgi where they built their new homes. Some of the old houses in Agios Markos are now restored and inhabited but there are still many that have remained a ruin. There are also two churches in Agios Markos, one from the 11th-century and one from the 16th century. In the latter church there are frescoes from the same period. From the village you have beautiful views over the bay below.

Corfu, Benitses Roman baths, Benitses Romeinse baden Corfu, Benitses Roman baths, Benitses Romeinse baden Corfu, Benitses Roman baths, Benitses Romeinse baden Corfu, Benitses Roman baths, Benitses Romeinse baden Corfu, Benitses Roman baths, Benitses Romeinse baden
Corfu, Benitses Roman baths, Benitses Romeinse baden Corfu, Benitses Roman baths, Benitses Romeinse baden Corfu, Benitses Roman baths, Benitses Romeinse baden Corfu, Benitses Roman baths, Benitses Romeinse baden Corfu, Benitses Roman baths, Benitses Romeinse baden

Benitses- The village of Benitses was already a holiday resort during the Roman period. The remains of a Roman villa and hot baths can be seen just about 100 meters behind the square / main road in the harbour. It is indicated with a sign. Passage is partly through private a road / property and you have to walk through somebodies backyard. They are hidden behind a row of houses. The baths are well preserved and contain mosaic floors (route to follow is roughly indicated on the small map on the left). From Benitses there is also a well marked walk up into the hills where there are water springs. The walk takes you out of the tourist area and into the nature (please take water with you on your walk because there are no taverns or shops on the route). The village of Benitses is situated on the east side of te island, 12 kilometers south of Corfu Town.

Also in ancient Kerkyra or Palaeopolis remnants of Roman baths can be seen, near the Basilica of the village. These baths date from about 200 AD when Emperor Septimus Severus was in power. The baths were destroyed in the sixth century AD, but some parts of it, like for instance the heating chamber, are still visible.


© Hans Huisman, http://www.angelfire.com/super2/greece/ 2014
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