3000 b. c.
For the old world Ethiopia was a country full of mystery. People called
every unknown part of Africa “Ethiopia”. This name has its origin in
Greek and means “burned face”.
1000 b. c.
South-Arabians came across the Red Sea and settled down as tradesmen on
the coast of Eritrea. They introduced a new language and gave their new
country the name “Sheba”. The Queen of Sheba travelled to Jerusalem to
meet King Solomon.
975 b. c.
The legend tells us that the Queen of Sheba and King Solomon had a son,
Menelik I., who was the first emperor of Ethiopia. Haile Selassie claims
to be the 225th monarch out of this family-line.
100 a. d.
The settlers from South-Arabia built up a big kingdom with the city Axum
as its centre and had trade-business with the Mid-East.
The civilization founded by the Axumites reached its edge under the
leadership of Ezana. He converted to christianity which from then on was
the main religion of the Ethiopic state.
570 a. d.
The birthday of Mohammed - For the Ethiopians this was the beginning of
the dark years of war against Islam.
900 a. d.
The extension of Islam forced the Axumites to go to the south.
1137 a. d.
A new Zawge-Dynasty took over the throne.
1270 a. d.
With King Yekune Amlak on the throne the family-line of King Solomon was
Zera Yacob, a great emperor, established the first diplomatic relationship
Christopher da Gama arrived at Masawa with 400 men.
Emperor Sarsa Dengal stroke back the Turks who occupied Masawa.
Iyasu “The Great” was killed by his son Tekla Haymanot.
Emperor Bakaffa travelled through the big country in disguise and tried to
destroy the power of aristocracy.
period of time is known as the Era of the Mesafints (leaders).
King Sahle Selassie, the great-great-grandfather of Haile Selassie, was
King of Shoa
The era of Emperor Theodor, who tried to modernize the country.
Ras of Tigre is the new emperor, John IV.
crowning of Emperor Menelik II. took place in the capital Addis Abeba. He
was forced to negotiate with the Italians about the frontiers of the
Italian territory, Eritrea.
Italians tried to defeat the rebellions of Ras Mangasha.
1st March the Italians had been defeated in the battle of Adowa and
Ethiopia accepted as an independent nation.
Menelik II. fell sick and his grand-son Lij Iyasu was the next emperor.
Iyasu tried to set his neighbors Somalia, Kenia, Sudan and Eritrea free
Iyasu was excluded from church.
Princess Zauditu became the new emperor of Ethiopia and Ras Tafari Makonen
became the new king.
Ethiopia entered the League of Nations.
Tafari visited the European continent and returned with the crown of
Emperor Theodore of England.
Ethiopia signed a 20-years peace-treaty with Italy.
Emperor Zauditu died and Emperor Haile Selassie was crowned in Addis Abeba.
Haile Selassie introduced a constitution and opened a parliament.
Quarrels with the Italians about water-sources.
Ethiopia was occupied by Italy and Haile Selassie escaped to England.
of Liberation - On 3rd July the last Italians were forced to give up and
Haile Selassie returned.
emperor started a recreation-program.
Ethiopia received support from USA. Foundation of Ethiopian Airlines.
Eritrea joined Ethiopia.
attack against Haile Selassie failed.
Haile Selassie visited the Caribbean Islands.
years of dryness had led 300.000 people into a big catastrophe.
group of army officers under the command of Major Mengistu started a
revolutionary outbreak against Haile Selassie.
Haile Selassie died. A revolution-government started to “socialize”
Foundation of the Office of Politics.
Proclamation of the green revolution which planned to collectively
agriculture and built a committee for foundation of “The Party of
government attacked the liberation movement of Eritrea.
Dryness and hunger - 750.000 people died.
Foundation of “The Party of Working People” like in USSR.
Ethiopia became a socialistic republic.