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††††† a) Raise criteria in increments small enough that the subject always has a realistic chance of reinforcement.

††††† b) Train on aspect of any particular behavior at a time; donít try to shape for two criteria simultaneously.

††††† c) During shaping, put the current level of response onto a variable schedule of reinforcement before adding or raising the criteria.

††††† d) When introducing a new criterion or aspect of the behavioral skill, temporarily relax the old ones.

††††† e) Stay ahead of your subject.

††††† f) Donít change trainers in midstream.

††††† g) If one shaping procedure is not eliciting progress, try another.

††††† h) Donít interrupt a training session gratuitously; that constitutes a punishment.



††††† i) If a learned behavior deteriorates, review the shaping.

††††† j) Quit while you are ahead.

††††† a) Behavior always occurs immediately upon presentation of the conditioned stimulus.

††††† b) Behavior never occurs in the absence of the stimulus.

††††† c) Behavior never occurs in response to other stimulus.

††††† d) No other behavior occurs in response to this stimulus.