That Man Jesus
Jesus was a human being. He was made like us in every respect.
My basic understanding of the Biblical account of Jesus involves the following:
The man Jesus, God's Son, was foreknown before the foundation of the world.
- Jesus of Nazareth did not pre-exist his conception and birth in Bethlehem.
- The infant, Jesus of Nazareth, was only a human being.
- Jesus of Nazareth was God's son. He himself, and his commission, were predestined by God before the foundation of the world and according to the purpose, counsel and will which was contained within God's Word. In this way, Jesus was God's word become flesh and the Mystery of God's purpose and will which remained hidden since the dawn of creation.
- Jesus of Nazareth died and was dead and was begotten again a second time when God raised him from the dead.
- Jesus became Lord, Christ, and Savior, when God raised him from the dead.
- Jesus became a divine man when God raised him from the dead.
Begotten of a Woman, Begotten under the Law
The Bible presents a picture of Jesus which is very different than the picture presented by Trinitarian theology. The testimony of Scripture describes a human being, who by his faithful obedience, was God's word become flesh. It presents a picture of a man who was God's son. It presents a picture of a man who was dead for the sins of his people. It presents a picture of a man who was made divine in his resurrection.
God sent His son born of a woman, born under the Law, to redeem those under the Law. As Matthew recounts, this human child was to be called "Jesus" because he would save his people from their sins. The child was virgin born. This human being was not a fertilization of a female by the seed of man but by the seed of God, the Logos, the Word of God. The Word of God is not a seed as if it were a substance to be planted in a field. The Word of God is God's creative power. When God created all things he did not plant something in the waters such that His Word and the waters united together. He simply uttered, "Let there be light."
The true Biblical account of Jesus begins by necessarily understanding these things:
- The man Jesus who was born of Mary and died on the cross had one nature: human.
- The man Jesus who rose again became a new creation, a new kind of humanity: divine.
- The Logos of John and the Mystery of Paul is a way of describing God's purpose and will.
- Jesus embodied God's purpose and will.
Miracle: The Virgin Birth
God so loved the world that He gave his only begotten Son. He sent His son into the world. What do these words mean?
Matthew, an apostle and disciple of Jesus Himself, begins his account of Jesus with these words, "The book of the genesis of Jesus Christ, son of David, son of Abraham." He begins the account by referring us to the ancestral human origins of the human child Jesus. When, where, and how, was God's Son begotten? God's son was begotten (gennao) in Bethlehem of Judea in the days of Herod (Matthew 2:1). He was the only human being ever begotten by God, the "only begotten" (monogenes). It is very instructive to review the terminology being used of Jesus.
||feminine noun. earth, ground, land.
|γενεά||genea||feminine noun. generation, that which has been begotten
|γενεαλογέω||genealogeō||verb. genealogy, to do genealogy, from γενεά and λόγος
|γενεαλογέω||genealogeō||verb. to do genealogy, from γενεά and λόγος
||feminine noun. genealogy, genealogy, from γενεά and λόγος
||genesia||neuter noun. birthday, the day one was born/begotten
|γένεσις||genesis||feminine noun. natural origin. Translated as "nature" or "natural" at James 1:23; 3:6.
|γενετή||genetē||feminine noun. Birth, the birth event.
||verb. to beget, to be begotten, to be born, to be "birthed."
||neuter noun. progeny of man or animals, produce of fruit."
||adjective. begetting, birth, generation (v.), engendering.
||adjective. begotten, born.
|γένος||genos||neuter noun. Similar to Latin based "genus." Family stock/lineage/descdent or national ethnic kind, catgegory, descent, nationality, kindred, family, offspring. This word pertains to the concept of originating from a certain seed, "each according to its kind." Appears to be derived from ginomai.
|γίνομαι||ginomai||to become, to come into existence, to make something to exist or to be.
||feminine noun. woman.
||adjective. Only begotten, the only one begotten, a unique child being an only child.
To be begotten does itself necessarily imply an earthly natural birth, to be human born. Jesus was born of Mary, begotten of a virgin, as prophesied by Isaiah, "a virgin will be with child and bear a son." Both Matthew and Luke report that his conception occurred by the Holy Spirit, that is, the power of the Most High God. And we also read that Gabriel the angel explains that this is the reason the child is to be called the son of God.
Mary's Hebrew name was Miryam or in ancient Hebrew, MRYM. In the ancient middle east, the "waters below" of creation were understood to be "the bitter sea." To say the words 'bitter sea' in Hebrew, one would say, "MR YM."
The Holy Spirit will come upon you, and the power of the Most High will overshadow you.
And the Spirit of God was hovered over the face of the waters.
It is commonly presumed that something, or someone, entered into the womb of the virgin Mary. But the Scriptures say nothing of the sort. They simply say that a human child was to be born out of the virgin as a result of the power of God, that is, the Holy Spirit. As the Spirit hovered over the waters of creation, and we do not suppose God put anything into the water to create light, we should not suppose He deposited anything, or anyone, into Mary. "And God said, 'Let there be Light....there was evening and there was Morning, Day One.'"
The Light shines in the darkness, and the darkness did not comprehend it. (John 1:5).
The Sun of righteousness will rise with healing in its wings. (Malachi 4:2).
The people who sat in darkness have seen a great light. (Matthew 4:16).
The Sunrise (anatole) shall visit us from on high to give light to those who sit in darkness and in the shadow of death. (Luke 1:78-79).
A Light to revelation of the nations and the glory of the people of Israel. (Luke 2:32).
The Day dawns and the Morning Star arises in your hearts. (2 Peter 1:19; cf. Rev 2:28).
Awake, you who sleep, Arise from the dead, and Christ will shine his light upon you. (Ephesians 5:14).
I am the root and the descendant of David, the bright Morning Star. (Revelation 22:16; cf. Matthew 2:2).
The infant was to be named "Jesus", that is, Yahshua. He was to be given this name because he would save his people from their sins. Jesus was born of a woman, born under the Law to redeem those under the Law. Since Jesus was a human child miraculously born of God for this purpose, the God of Israel was with them, Immanuel, God with us, that is, the Father of Jesus was with Israel in plan and purpose by giving them this human son to save them from their sins.
Mary had been betrothed to a man named Joseph. Joseph belonged to the House of David, he being a descendant of David. One betrothed to Joseph, the bride-price had been paid and Joseph and Mary were covenantally united; Mary now belonged to the House of David. An ancient Jewish man purchased a field much like he acquired a wife. And henceforth all the fruit of that land belonged to the Husbandman of this field. Joseph's land was the fruit of the House of David. Mary's ancestry at birth had become irrelevant. Whatever Mary's original ancestry, her new identity was the House of David. A child proceeding from her womb therefore belonged to the House of David because she had been covenantally acquired by the House of David, that is, Joseph.
God had promised David that he would give his throne to his descendant. In this respect Solomon prefigures Jesus, just as just about everything in the Old Testament prefigured Jesus in one way or another. The Tribe of Judah was the royal line approved by God, "the scepter shall not depart from Judah." David belong to Judah and Jesus was a son of David. Jesus was a son of Abraham, a son of Isaac, a son of Jacob, a son of Judah, a son of David. The infant child, Jesus of Nazareth, was the one chosen as King of the Jews. And as the one who came to save his people from their sins, it was written above his head on the cross, "Jesus of Nazareth, King of the Jews." The chosen King had died for the sins of his subjects, the people of Israel. Their own King had become their sacrifical Lamb.
Jesus was born of a woman, born under the Law to redeem those under the Law. In the fullness of time, God begat his son and sent him to complete the mission which had been determined before the foundation of the world. He was the Chosen One of God.
There were some who claimed this infant named Jesus was not the Christ, the Son of God, but only appeared to be so. They claimed that the divine Christ descended upon the man Jesus when Jesus was baptized by John. But the apostle John says that Jesus Christ did not come by water only but by water and blood. The Christ was not only a product of Jesus' baptism at the Jordan. The Christ was that flesh born of Mary.
Jesus did not function as the Christ until he was baptized by John. "Christ" means "anointed one" and Jesus was anointed at the Jordan to carry out his commission from God to complete God's purpose and will which had been determined before the creation of the world.
A Matter of Function, not a Matter of Ontological Substance.
God Had a Fixed Plan
Jesus was described by John as "the Lamb slain from the foundation of the world" (Revelation 13:8). Concerning his betrayel and crucifixion, Jesus declared, "the Son of Man is going as it has been determined (horizo)." (Luke 22:22). The man Jesus was, "delivered over by the determined (horizo) counsel/plan/purpose and foreknowledge (prognosis) of God." (Acts 2:23).
"O Lord, it is You who made the heaven and the earth and the sea and all that is in them, who by the Holy Spirit, through the mouth of our father David your servant said, "Why do the nations rage and the people conspire?" The Kings of the earth took their stand and the rulers were gathered against the Lord and against his Anointed One." For truly in this city there were gathered together against Your holy servant Jesus, whom You anointed, both Herod and Pontius Pilate, along with the nations and the peoples of Israel, to do whatever Your hand and Your counsel/plan/purpose predestined (proorizo) to occur. (Acts 4:24-28).
The Logos became flesh
To be Trinitarian means one reads John 1:14 to mean "God the Son became a human." But John's intention is not to say a divine entity became human by assuming a human nature to himself. His intention is to say God's Word became personalized by becoming embodied in the human being Jesus.
Last Revised: February 9, 2011