· 塞翁失马,焉知非福 Misfortune may be an actual blessing.
· 三八红旗手 woman pace-setter
· 三八线 38th Parallel
· 360度环幕电影 Circamara
· 三步走战略 the three-step development strategy
· 三产 tertiary industry
· 三大作风 "the Party's three important styles of work (integrating theory with practice, forging close links with the masses and practicing self-criticism)"
· 三废(废气、废水、废渣) “three wastes”(waste gas, waste water and waste residues)
· 三高农业 "three highs" agriculture (high yield, high quality and high efficiency agriculture)
· 三个代表 "three represents theory (The Party should always represent the development needs of China's advanced social productive forces, always represent the onward direction of China's advanced culture, and always represent the fundamental interests of the largest member of the Chinese people.)"
· 三个有利于 "three favorables (whether it promotes the growth of the productive forces in a socialist society, increases the overall strenth of the socialist state and raises the people's living standards "
· 《三国演义》 The Romance of the Three Kingdoms
· 三好学生 "merit student; three good student(good in study, attitude and health)"
· 散户 retail / private investor
· 三讲教育(讲学习、讲政治、讲正气) "three emphases education (to stress theoretical study, political awareness and good conduct)"
· 三角恋爱 love triangle
· 三角债 chain debt
· 三来一补企业 "the enterprises that process raw materials on clients' demands, assemble parts for the clients and process according to the clients' samples; or engage in compensation trade."
· 三连冠 three successive championships
· 三民主义 "the Three People's Principles (Nationalism, Democracy and the People's Livelihood) put forward by Dr. Sun Yat-sen"
· 三民主义 Three People's Principles (Nationalism, Democracy and People's Livelihood)
· 三陪 girls who provides illegal sexual services, esp. prostitute
· 三权分立 separation of the executive, legislative and judicial powers
· (西方的)三权分立 separation of executive, legislative, and judicial powers
· 三十而立 "A man should be independent at the age of thirty. / At thirty, a man should be able to think for himself."
· 三通 "three direct links of trade, mail, and air and shipping services across the Taiwan Straits "
· 三通一平 "three supplies and one leveling; supply of water, electricity and road and leveled ground (conditions ready for further economic development)"
· 三维电影 three-dimensional movie
· 三维动画片 three-dimensional animation
· 三无企业 "three-no-enterprises (It refers to enterprises with no capital, no plant, and no administrative structure.)"
· 三峡工程 Three Gorges Project
· 三下乡 "a program under which officials, doctors, scientist and college students go to the countryside to spread scientific and literacy knowledge and offer medical service to farmers"
· 三字经 three-character scripture
· 三资企业(中外合资企业,中外合作企业,外商独资企业) "three kinds of foreign-invested enterprises or ventures: Sino-foreign joint ventures, cooperative businesses and exclusively foreign-owned enterprises in China "
· 三自原则 principles of self-administration, self-support and self-propagation
· 桑拿浴 sauna
· 扫黄,打非 eliminate pornography and illegal publications
· 扫盲 eliminate illiteracy
· 扫尾工作 round-off work; wind-up work
· 森林覆盖率 forest coverage; percentage of forest cover
· 沙尘暴 sand storm; dust storm
· 杀鸡用牛刀 break a butterfly on the wheel
· 沙漠化 desertification
· 杀手锏 sudden thrust of the mace--one's trump or master card
· 山不在高,有仙则名 "No matter how high the mountain is, its name will spread far and wide if there is a fairy; "
· 闪电战 blitz; lightning war
· 《山海经》 the Classic of Mountains and Rivers
· 山姆大叔 Uncle Sam
· 上岗 go to one's post; go on duty
· 上海合作组织 Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO)
· 上海五国第六次峰会 "the sixth summit of ""Shanghai Five"" "
· 上海五国机制 the Shanghai Five mechanism
· 商检局 Commodity Inspection Bureau
· 上马 start a project
· 上门服务 door-to-door service
· 商品房空置的现象 the vacancy problem in commercial housing
· 商品化 commercialization
· 商品经济 commodity economy
· 商品条码 bar code
· 上山下乡 (of educated urban youth) go and work in the countryside or mountain areas
· 上市 to be listed
· 上市公司 listed companies
· 上网 to get on the Internet, surf the net
· 商务旅游 business travel
· 上新台阶 reach a new level; reach a higher stage of development
· 商业炒作 commercial speculation
· 商业存在 (服务贸易) commercial presence
· 商业贷款 commercial loan
· 商业网点 commodity network
· 上有天堂,下有苏杭 "Just as there is paradise in heaven, ther are Suzhou and Hangzhou on earth."
· 少数服从多数、下级服从上级、局部服从全体、全党服从中央 "the minority is subordinate to the majority, the lower level to the higher level, the part to the whole and the entire membership of the Party to the Central Committee "
· 社会保障制度 social security system
· 社会福利彩票 social welfare lotteries
· 社会化服务体系 socialized service system; social service system
· 社会力量办学 running of schools by non-governmental sectors
· 社会名流 celebrity
· 社会热点问题 hot spots of society
· 社会效益 social effect /results /benefit
· 社会治安情况 public security situation
· 社会主义精神文明建设 socialist ideological and ethical progress
· 社会主义市场经济 socialist market economy
· 舍利子 Buddha's relics
· 社论 editorial
· 社区服务 community services
· 涉外经济 foreign-related business
· 摄政王 acting king; prince regent
· 申办奥运会 bid for the Olympic Games
· 深加工 deep processing; further processing
· 《神曲》 Divine Comedy
· 审时度势 size up the situation
· 申诉权 right of petition
· 身体素质 physique; physical constitution
· 渗透、颠覆和分裂活动 infiltrative, subversive and splittist activities
· 身外之物 worldly possessions
· 神州行电话卡 Shenzhou pre-paid card
· 省会 provincial capital
· 升级换代 updating and upgrading (of products)
· 生命银行 bank for keeping the donated organs and remains of dead persons for medical use
· 《生死抉择》 Live or Die
· 生态旅游 ecotourism
· 生态农业 environmental-friendly agriculture
· 生物恐怖主义 bioterrorism
· 生物圈 biosphere
· 时不我待 Time and tide wait for no man.
· 市场饱和 market saturation; saturated market
· 市场化 marketization
· 市场疲软 sluggish market
· 市场占有率 market share
· 市场准入 market access
· 试点工程 pilot project
· 适度从紧的财政政策 moderately tight financial policy
· 适度从紧的财政政策 moderately tight fiscal policy
· 试管婴儿 test-tube baby
· 市话 local calls
· 实话实说 speak the plain truth; call a spade a spade; tell it as it is
·<<史记>> Shi Ji/ Historical Records
· 释迦牟尼 Sakyamuni
· 实践是检验真理的唯一标准 Practice is the sole criterion for testing truth.
· 世界大学生运动会(大运会) universiade
· 世界观、人生观、价值观 world outlook; outlook on life; values
· 失恋 be disappointed in love; be jilted
· 适龄儿童入学率 enrolment rate for children of school age
· 视频点播 VOD (video-on-demand)
· 食品卫生法 Food Hygiene Law of People's Republic of China
· 世上无难事,只要肯攀登 "Where there is a will, there is a way. "
· 实时达帐 real-time account settlement
· 实事求是 seek truth from facts; be practical and realistic; be true to facts
· 实体经济 the real economy
· 世外桃源 a fictitious land of peace away from the turmoil of the world;
· 实现零的突破 "fulfil the zero (gold medal, medal, etc) breakthrough"
· 实现小康目标 to achieve the goal of ensuring our people a relative comfortable life
· 实现中华民族伟大复兴 bring about a great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation
· 适销对路的产品 readily marketable products
· 实行股份制 enforce stockholding system
· 实行国民待遇 grant the national treatment to
· 实行计划生育、控制人口数量、提高人口素质 promotion of family planning to control the population size and improve the health of the people
· 师兄弟 (senior and junior) fellow apprentice
· 失学儿童 dropout
· 事业单位 public institution
· 十一界三中全会 the Third Session of the Eleventh Central Committee of the Party
· 市盈率 p/e (price/earning) ratio
· 试用期 probationary period
· 适者生存 survival of the fittest
· 施政纲领 administrative program
· 市政工程 municipal works; municipal engineering
· 市值 market capitalization
· 首创精神 pioneering spirit
· 首次公开发行的股票 initial public offering (IPO)
· 收购兼并 merger and acquisition
· 首航 maiden voyage (of an aircraft or ship)
· 售后服务 after-sale services
· 手机入网费 mobile access fee
· 手机入网费 initiation charges for mobile phone
· 收盘价 closing price
· 首期按揭 down-payment
· 收视率 audience ratings; television viewing
· 授信贷款 credit extension loan
· 授信额度 line of credit
· 受灾地区 disaster-affected are
· 受灾群众 people afflicted by a natural disaster
· 数据通信 data communication
· 树立企业良好形象 foster a good and healthy company image
· 枢纽工程 multi-purpose project or pivotal project
· 数字地球 digital globe
· 刷卡,划卡 to punch the card; to stamp the card
· 甩卖 clearance sale; be on sale
· 涮羊肉 instant-boiled mutton
· 双重轨制 two-tier system ; double-track system 
· 双重国籍 dual nationality
· 双刃剑 double-edged sword
· 双向选择 two-way choice (in employment practice)
· 双向选择 "two-way selection, referring to employer and employee choosing each other in a job market"
· 双学位 double degree
· 双赢局面 win-win situation
· 双职工 man and wife both at work; working couple
· 《水浒传》 Heroes of the Marshes; Water Margins
· 水货 smuggled goods
· 水墨画 Chinese brush drawing; ink and wash painting
· 水土流失 soil erosion
· 水下导弹 submarine-based missiles
· 谁言寸草心,报得三春晖 "Such kindness of warm sun, can't be repaid by grass. "
· 水涨船高 When the river rises, the boat floats high.
· 硕博联读 a continuous academic project that involves postgraduate and doctoral study
· 说曹操,曹操到 Talk of the devil and he comes.
· 四大金刚 Four Heavenly Guardians at the entrance to a Buddhism temple; Four Devarajas
· 死而后已 until my heart stops beating
· 四个如何认识 :(江泽民总书记在今年6月28日中央思想政治工作会议上发表的重要讲话中,提出并精辟阐述了如何认识社会主义发展的历史进程、如何认识资本主义发展的历史进程、如何认识我国社会主义改革实践过程对人们思想的影响、如何认识当今的国际环境和国际政治斗争带来的影响等当前直接影响干部群众思想活动的重大问题.) "In his important address to the Central Ideological and Political Work Conference on June 28 this year, Party General Secretary Jiang Zemin expounds on how to understand the historical process of socialist development; how to understand the historical process of capitalist development; how to understand the impact of China's socialist reform over the people's thinking; how to understand the impact of the current international environment and political struggle."
· 四个现代化 four modernizations (the modernization of agriculture, industry, national defense, and science and technology)
· 四合院 courtyard dwellilngs; quadrangle dwellings
· 死机 system halted
· 私人企业 private enterprise
· 私人游资 mobile private capital
· 四十不惑 Life begins at forty.
· 四书:(《大学》、《中庸》、《论语》、《孟子》) The Four Books (The Great Learning, The Doctrine of the Mean, The Analects of Confucius, The Mencius)
· 死亡率 mortality
· 四项基本原则 "the Four Cardinal Principles of adherence to the socialist road, the people's democratic dictatorship, the leadership of the Communist Party of China, and Marxism-Leninism and Mao Zedong Thought"
· 思想僵铁 fossilized concept
· 思乡曲 Nostalgia
· 司仪 MC (master of ceremonies)
· 私营企业 privately-run enterprise
· 四有新人 "new generation of people with lofty ideals, moral integrity, good education and a strong sense of discipline"
· 死帐 uncollectible account, bad debt, bad loan
· (企业集团的)松散层 loose level (of an enterprise group)
· 送温暖工程 heart-warming project
· 搜索引擎(计算机) search engine
· 所有权经营权分离 separate ownership from managerial authority
· 夙敌 "arch-rival
· 素质教育 education for all-around development
· 酸雨 acid rain
· 随行就市 prices fluctuating in response to market conditions
· 所得税 income tax