The Tajikistan Update


 
The
T A J I K I S T A N
UPDATE


 

The Tajikistan Update

Email: davestraub@yahoo.com

 Name Changes in Tajikistan

 
Name Changes of Cities and Places
Mountain Name changes in the Pamirs
 
Below is a list of the cities and sites that have been 
renamed in Tajikistan since 1900. The information for this 
page can be found in the following book:

Room, Adrian.  Place-Name Changes Since 1900 
London,  1979.

If any additions can be made to this page please send them
to the address at the top of the page.

The following is an explanation of terms used on this page:

Present Name: the name used in 1979. The names of many
cities and sites in Tajikistan have changed since independence
in 1991.

Identification: the definition of a location according to USSR
standards. A "village" is the smallest possible definition for 
a settlement. A "urban settlement" has at least 2,000 inhabi-
tants. A "town" is larger and more important than a urban 
settlement.  The term "city" was never used to identify 
a location.

Location: the oblast or country a listing is located.

Former Name: name(s) used previous to the change.

Year of Renaming: The year the name was changed. The use 
"-c" indicates the exact date of the name change is not know 
thus listed date has been estimated.


PRESENT        IDENTIFICATION   LOCATION        FORMER          YEAR OF
NAME                                            NAME(S)         RENAMING



Aral see Kuybyshevsky                    


Asht            Village         Leninabad       Shaydan         (-c. 1960)
Oblast                                          


(1) Ayni        Village                         Zakhmatabad     (-c. 1960)


(2) Ayni see Zafarabad


Baldzhuan see Boldzhuan


Bartang         Village         Gorno-          Sipon(d)zh       (-c. 1935)
                                Badakhshan 
                                Autonomous 
                                Oblast                  

Baumanabad see (1) Pyandzh


Boldzhuan        Village        Kulyab oblast   Baldzhuan       (-c. 1940)


Buston           Urban settlementLeninabad      Yantak          (-c. 1960)
Oblast  


Chichka see Oktyabrsk


Chkalovsky see Kayrakkum


Chubek see Moskovsky


Communism        Mountain        Pamirs Range   Garmo Peak      (-?) 
Peak                             [name
                                 subsequently
                                 transferred to 
                                 present Garmo 
                                 Peak, south of
                                 this]
                                                        
                                                 Stalin Peak    (1933-62)


Kalininabad     Villiage        Leninbad        Kalai-Mirzabai    (-c. 1935)
Oblast 

Dragomirovo see Proletarsk


Kalininabad     Villiage        Leninbad        Kalai-Mirzabai    (-c. 1935)
Oblast 

Dushanbe         Capital                        Dyushambe       (-1929)

                                                Stanlinbad      (1929-1961)


Kalininabad     Villiage        Leninbad        Kalai-Mirzabai    (-c. 1935)
Oblast 

Dusti            Urban settlement               Pyandzh         (-c. 1960)


Kalininabad     Villiage        Leninbad        Kalai-Mirzabai    (-c. 1935)
Oblast 

Dyushambe  see Dushanbe


Kalininabad     Villiage        Leninbad        Kalai-Mirzabai    (-c. 1935)
Oblast 

Gafurov           Town          Leninabad       Stantsiya-      (?-c. 1960),
                                Oblast          Leninabad

                                                Sovetabad       (c.1960-1978)


Kalininabad     Villiage        Leninbad        Kalai-Mirzabai    (-c. 1935)
Oblast 

Garmo Peak see Communism Peak


Kalininabad     Villiage        Leninbad        Kalai-Mirzabai    (-c. 1935)
Oblast 

Gissar          Urban settlement                Khanaka         (-c. 1960)


Kabadian see Tartki      


Kaganovichabad see Kolkhozabad


Kalai-Mirzabai see Kalininabad


Kalai-Vamar see Rushan    


Kalininabad     Villiage        Leninbad        Kalai-Mirzabai    (-c. 1935)
Oblast 


Kalininabad     Villiage        Leninbad        Kalai-Mirzabai    (-c. 1935)
Oblast 


Kalininabad     Villiage        Leninbad        Kalai-Mirzabai    (-c. 1935)
Oblast 


Kalay-Lyabiob see Tadzhidabad


Kaufman Peak see Lenin Peak


Kayrakkum        Town           Leninabad        Kostakoz       (-1944)
                                Oblast          

                                                 Chkalovsky     (1944- ?)


Khanaka  see Gissar


Khodzhent see Leninabad


Kirovbad see (1) Pyandzh


Koktash see Leninsky


(1) Kolkhozabad                             (below)

                  Urban settlement               Tugalan        (-?)

                                                 Kaganovichabad (? -1957)

(2) Kolkhozabad see Vose, imeni


Kostakoz see Kayrakkum


Kuybyshevabad see Kuybyshevsky


Kuybyshevsky    Urban settlement                Aral            (-c. 1935) 

                                                 Kuybyshevabad  (c. 1935-40)


Leninabad        Capital of     Leninabad       Khodzhent       (-1936)
                 Leninabad      Oblast 
                 Oblast 


Leningradsky     Urban settelement              Muminabad       (-1973)


Lenin Peak       Mountain       Kirgiztan/      Kaufman Peak    (-1928)
                                Tajikistan 


Leninsky        Urban settlement                Koktash         (-c. 1960) 

                                                Sardarova       (1960-70)
                                                Karakhana
                                                imeni


Mikoyanabad see Tartki   


Molotov Peak see Moskva Peak 



Moskovsky       Urban settlement Kulyab Oblast    Chubek         (-c. 1960)


Moskva  Peak. Mountain          northwestern    Molotov         (?-c. 1957)
Peak                            Pamir range     Peak

 
                                                Moskva-Pekin    (c. 1957-?)
                                                Peak


Moskva-Pekin see Moskva Peak


Muminabad  see Leningradsky


Murgab         Village          Gorno-          Pamirsky Post   (-c. 1929)
                                Badakhshan 
                                Autonomous 
                                Oblast 


Norak see Nurek  


Novabad Urban settlement                        Shulmak         (-1959)


Nurek           Town                            Norak           (-1937)


Oktyabrsk       Village         Kulyab Oblast   Chichka         (-?)


Ordzhonikidzeabad       Town                       Yangibazar      (-1936)


Pamirsky Post see Murgab


Paituk see Vose, imeni


Proletarsk      Urban settlement Leninbad       Dragomirovo     (-?)
Oblast  


(1) Pyandzh     Town              Kulyab Oblast Saray Komar     (-1931) 
 
                                                Baumanabad      (1931-36)

                                                Kirovbad        (1936-63)


(2) Pyandzh see Dusti


Ramit           Village                         Uramir          (-c. 1935)


Regar see Tursanzade


Rushan          Village         Gorno-          Kalai-Vamar     (-c. 1935)      
                                Badakhshan 
                                Autonomous 
                                Oblast 


Saray Komar  see (1) Pyandzh


Sardarova Karakhana imeni see Leninsky


Shaydan see Asht 


Shulmak see Novabad


Sipon(d)zh see Bartang


Sovetabad see Gafurov


Stalin Peak see Communism Peak


Stanlinbad  see Dushanbe


Stantsiya-Leninabad see Gafurov


Stantsiya- Regar see Tursanzade


Tadzhidabad     Village                         Kalay-Lyabiob   (-1949)


Tartki          Village                         Kabadian        (-c. 1935)

                                                Mikoyanabad     (c. 1935-57)


Tugalan see Kolkhozabad


Tursanzade      Town                            Stantsiya-      (-1952)
Regar 

Regar           (1952-78)


Uramir see Ramit


Vakhan           Village        Gorno-          Zung            (-c. 1935)
                                Badakhshan 
                                Autonomous 
                                Oblast 


Vakhsh           Urban settlement               Vakhshstroy     (?- c. 1960)


Vakhshstroy see Vakhsh   


Vose, imeni     Urban settlement Kulyab Oblast  Paituk          (-c. 1935) 

                                                Kolkhozabad     (c. 1935-c. 1960)

Yangibazar  see Ordzhonikidzeabad 


Yantak  see Buston       


Zafarabad       Urban settlement Leninabad      Ayni            (-c. 1960)
Oblast 


Zakhmatabad see Ayni    


Zung see Vakhan


 

The following was posted with the permission of the author. It originally appeared in:

Stuart Horsman. "Stalin to Samani: The Politics of Mountain Toponyms in the Pamirs" paper given at Central Eurasian Studies Society Annual Conference, Harvard University, 2-5 October 2003.

Mountain Name changes in the Pamirs

 

Original Name

Date

Renamed

Date

Details

Dreispitz

1928

Mount Revolution

Post 1945?

Discovered and named by Germans in the 1928 German-Soviet Alai-Pamir expedition

Garmo

(see Stalin)

pre-1933

 

 

The USSR’s highest mountain may have originally been known as Garmo.

Kaufman

Pre-1917

- Lenin

- Koh-i-Garmo

1928

post-1991

Koh-i-Garmo change is unconfirmed

Kul-Santalak

Pre-1910

Korzhenevskoy

1910

Renamed by the Russian geographer, N. Korzhenevskiy, after his wife.

Kyrkchilta

Traditional name

1000 Years of Russian Christianity

c1988

 

Molotov

c1928-33

Russia

1962

 

Peacemaker Tsar and Queens Peaks

pre-1917

Marx and Engels

1928?

 

Stalin

(also see Garmo)

1933

- Communism

- Ismail Samani

1962

1999

It is unclear if the mountain was originally known as Garmo.

 

Sources:

 

-         S Horsman, “From Garmo to Samani: The Politics behind the naming of Pamiri Mountains” Central Eurasian Studies Society Annual Conference, Harvard University, 2-5 October 2003.

-         Peakware World Mountain Encyclopaedia, http://www.peakware.com/

-         M. Romm, The Ascent of Mount Stalin, Lawrence and Wishart, London, 1936.

-         P. Sicouri & V. Kopylov, Forbidden Mountains: The Most Beautiful Mountains in Russia and Central Asia, Indutech, Milan, 1994.

-    M. Slesser, Red Peak: A Personal Account of the British-Soviet Pamir Expedition                 1962, Hodder & Stoughton, London, 1964.

 

This page was first posted in 1997