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      The following is a bibliography of resources concerning the history of Tajikistan. Included are both Books and Journal/Academic Articles. Not included in this section are Internet resources. If you want a thorough listing of Internet Resources concerning Tajikistan then please go to the following link::

      Also, a listing of recent news articles concerning Tajikistan is available at:

      If you are interested in purchasing English, Russian, and Tajik language books published in Tajikistan check out the Middle EurAsian Books website:

      For bibliographic information concerning Afghanistan go to the Afghan-Politics website at:

      For a bibliography of newspapers, magazines and publications from Afghanistan since 1875 go to the following website:

      For a bibliography of music related sources concerning Central Asia go to the following website:

      For a bibliography of sources concerning Islam and economics go to the following site:

      One historical note should be made about the inclusion of Bukhara in the "Books" section of this bibliography. The reason why Bukhara has been included is that before Tajikistan was created by the Soviets in 1924 the area constituting Tajikistan was a part of the Khanate of Bukhara.

      Also, some sources about Afghanistan have been included. The reason for this is that the works concern communities with close relations to Tajikistan. The books by Shalinsky and Barfield concern refugee groups that fled from Tajikistan and sources about the Afghan Pamiri nationalities have been included because of their close relationship with Pamiri groups in Tajikistan.

      Of course no bibliography is ever complete as new items are constantly being published. This bibliography is also limited by language in that only English language sources are listed below, excluding a large number of Russian and Tajik language sources. If you think an item should be added to this page please feel free to contact me.

        Books: Pre-Soviet History  

      Barfield, Thomas J.. The Central Asian Arabs of Afghanistan: Pastoral Nomadism in Transition [Book covers refugees who fled the Bukharan Khanate during the 19th Century revolt]. University of Texas Press, Austin 1981

      Barthold, W. Turkestan: Down to the Mongol Invasion. Lowe and Brydone, London 1968

      Barthold, W. Four Studies on Central Asia. E. J. Brill, Leiden 1956

      Becker, Seymour. Russia's Protectorates in Central Asia: Bukhara and Khiva, 1865-1924. Harvard University Press , Cambridge 1968

      Burnes, Alexander. Travels into Bukhara. , London 1834

      Burton, Audrey. The Bukharans: A Dynastic, Diplomatic and Commercial History 1550-1702. St. Martin's Press, New York 1997

      Carrère D'Encausse, Hélène. Islam and the Russian Empire: Reform and Revolution in Central Asia. University of California Press, Berkeley 1988

      Frey, Richard N.. The History of Bukhara. , Cambridge 1954

      Grousset, René. The Empire of the Steepes: A History of Central Asia. Rutgers University Press, New Brunswick 1970

      Holdsworth, Mary. Turkestan in the Nineteenth Century: A Brief History of the Khanates of Bukhara, Khokand, and Khiva. , London 1959

      Khanykov, N.. Bokhara: Its Amir and People. , London 1845

      Meyendorf, Georges. Voyage D'Orenbourg á Boukhara. Dondey-Dupré, Paris 1826

      Olufsen, O.. The Emir of Bokhara and His Country. , Copenhagen 1911

      Paquier, J.B. . Le Pamir: Etude de Géographie Physique et Historique sur L'Asie Centrale. Maisonneuve et Cie, Paris 1876

      Rahul, Ram. Bukhara: The Emirate. Vikas Publishing House, New Delhi 1995

      Schuyler, E.. Turkistan: Notes of a Journey in Russian Turkistan, Khokand, Bukhara, and Kuldja.. Scibner, Armstrong, New York 1876

      Skrine, Francis Henry and Edward Denison Ross. The Heart of Asia: A History of Russian Turkestan and the Central Asian Khanates from Earliest Times. , London 1899

      Trotter, J.M. . Central Asia, Part VI: Khanate of Bokhara. Government of India Publication, Calcutta 1873

      Vámbéry, Arminius. History of Bokhara: From the Earliest Period Down to the Present. Henry S. King & Co., London 1873

      Wheeler, Geoffrey. The Modern History of Soviet Central Asia. Weidenfelf and Nicolson, London 1964

      Wolff, Joseph. Narrative of a mission to Bokhara. , London 1845

        Books: Soviet & Post-Soviet History  
      Akchurin, Marat. Red Odyssey: A Journey Through the Soviet Republics. Harper Collins Publishers, New York 1992

      Allison, Roy. Peacekeeping in the Soviet successor states. Chaillot Paper No. 18, Institute for Security Studies, Wesern Europen Union, , Paris November 1994

      Allworth, Edward. Central Asia: A Century of Russian Rule. Columbia University Press, New York 1967

      Asimov, Mukhamed. Socialist Republics of the Soviet Union: Tajikistan. Novosti Press Agency Publishing House, Moscow 1987

      Atkin, Muriel. The Subtlest Battle: Islam in Soviet Tajikistan. Foreign Policy Research Institute, Philadelphia 1989

      Banuazizi and Weiner. The New Geopolitics of Central Asia and its Borderlands. Indiana University Press, Bloomington 1994

      Becka, Jiri. Sadriddin Ayni Father of Modern Tajik Culture. Instituto Universitario Orientale Seminario Di Studi Asiatici Series Minor V, Naples 1980

      Brinton, William M.. An Abridged History of Central Asia. Publication available on-line at: , 1998

      Djalili, Grare, and Akiner. Tajikistan : the trials of independence [Tadjikistan à l'épreuve de l'indépendance.]. St. Martin's Press, New York 1997

      Dodkhudoev, Nazarsho. Tajikistan, land of sunshine. , London 1959

      Gadoev, H. Tajikistan SSR. , 1972

      Gretsky, Sergei. Civil War in Tajikistan: Causes, Developments and Prospects for Peace (Chapter in: Central Asia: Conflict, Resolution, and Change).. , 1995
      (available at: )

      Hiro, Dilip. Between Marx and Muhammad: The Changing Face of Central Asia. Harper Collins Publishers, London 1994

      Jawad, Nassim and Tadjbakhsh, Shahrbanou. Tajikistan: A Forgotten Civil War. Minority Rights Group, 1995

      Karmysheva, B. Kh.. On the history of population formation in the Southern areas of Uzbekistan and Tadjikistan. Nauka Publishing House. , Moscow (VII International Congress of Anthropological and Ethnological Sciences, August 1964) 1964

      Kaushik, Devendra. Central Asia in Modern Times: A History from the Early 19th Century. Progress Publishers, Moscow 1970

      Khaidarov and Inomov. Tajikistan: Tragedy and Anguish of the Nation. ------, Tajikistan 1993

      Luknitsky, Pavel. Soviet Tajikistan. Foreign Languages Publishing House, Moscow 1954

      Ma Yin. The Tajiks. Chapter in China's Minority Nationalities. Foreign Languages Press, Beijing 1989

      Mandel, William. The Soviet Far East. The Dial Press, Inc., New York 1944

      Masov, Rahim. The History of a National Catastrophe Originally published in Russian
      (available at:"
      . University of Minnesota, Minneapolis 1996

      Mock, John. The Discursive Construction of Reality in the Wakhi Community of Northern Pakistan (Dissertation: Doctor of Philosophy in South and Southeast Asian Studies. University of California, Berkeley) . (Dissertation Abstract available at: ) University of California, Berkeley, Berkeley 1998

      Niyazov, Pavel. Tajikistan. Novosti Press Agency Pub. House, Moscow 1982

      Nourzhanov, Kirill. Tajikistan: ; The History of an Ethnic State. , 1999

      Rakowska-Harmstone, Teresa. Russia and Nationalism in Central Asia: The Case of Tajikistan. John Hopkins Press, Baltimore and London 1970

      Rashid, Ahmed. The Resurgence of Central Asia: Islam or Nationalism?. Oxford University Press, Karachi 1994

      Rywkin, Michael. Moscow's Muslim Challenge: Soviet Central Asia. M.E. Sharpe, Inc., New York 1990

      Shahrani, M. Nazif Mohib. The Kirgiz and Wakhi of Afghanistan . (See author's Website: ). University of Washington Press, Seattle 1979

      Shalinksy, Audrey C. (See author's Website: ). Long Years of Exile: Central Asian Refugees in Afghanistan and Pakistan [Book covers refugees who fled the Fergana Valley during the Basmachi revolt]. University Press of America, Lanham 1994

      Thoni, Julien . The Tajik Conflict: The Dialectic Between Internal Fragmentation and External Vulverability, 1991-1994. Occasional Paper, No. 3, Programme for Strategic and International Security Studies (PSIS), Geneva 1994

      Zenkovsky, Serge A. Pan-Turkism & Islam in Russia. Harvard University Press, Cambridge 1960

        Journal and Academic Articles  

      Akbarzadeh, Shahram. Why did Nationalism Fail in Tajikistan. Europe-Asia Studies. Vol. 48, No. 7, 1996

      Akchurin, Marat. Tajikistan: Another Bosnia In the Making?. Central Asia Monitor. Vol. 2, No. 3. 1993

      Akhmedova, Fatima. Women's Place in Tajik Society. Central Asia Monitor. Vol. 8, No. 6. 1998

      Another Afghan War?. The Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists. Jan/Feb, 1993

      Bashiri, Iraj. Muslims and Communists Vie for Power in Tajikistan . AACAR Bulletin. Vol. 6, No. I, Spring 1993
      (available at: )

      Basmachi: The Central Asian Resistance Movement, 1918-24, The. Central Asian Review. Vol. 7, No. 1. 1959

      Bennigsen, Alexandre . Mullahs, Mujahidin and Soviet Muslims. Problems of Communism. November-December 1984

      Bennigsen, Alexandre and Lemercier-Quelquejay, Chantal. La Guerre d'Afghanistan et l'Asie Centrale Soviétique. Politique Etrangére. Vol. 49, No. 3, 1984

      Brenninkmeijer, Olivier. Tajikistan's Elusive Peace. The World Today. February 1996

      Brown, Bess. Tajik Opposition to Be Banned. RFE/RL Research Report. No. 14, 02 April 1993.

      Brown, Bess. Tajikistan: The Conservative Triumph. RFE/RL Research Report. No. 7, 12 February 1993.

      Brown, Bess. The Public Role in Peristroika in Central Asia. Central Asian Survey. No. 1, Vol. 9., 1990

      Centlivres, Piere and Centlivres-Demont, Micheline. Chemins d'été, chemins d'hiver entre Darwaz et Qataghan. Afghanistan Journal. Vol. 4, No. 4. 1977

      Centlivres, Pierre. L'Histoire Récente de l'Afghanistan et la Configuration Ethnique des Provinces du Nord-Est. Studia Iranica. Vol. 5, No. 2, 1976

      Centlivres-Demont, Micheline. Types d'Occupation et Relations Inter-Ethniques Dans le Nord-Est de l'Afghanistan. Studia Iranica. Vol. 5, No. 2, 1976

      Chokaev, Mustafa. Basmaji Movement in Turkestan, The. The Asiatic Review. Vol. 24, No. 78

      Dadmehr, Nasrin. Tajikistan - - Inevitable War?. Central Asia Monitor. Vol. 7. No. 1, 1998

      Dudoignon, Stephane A. . 'Saga o Bob Sangake, voine' (La Saga de Baba Sangak, guerrier). Cahiers d'Etudes sur la Méditerranée Orientale et le Monde Turco-Iranien. No. 16, Jul-Dec 1993

      Dudoignon, Stéphane A. Changements politiques et historiographie en Asi Centrale (Tadjikistan et Uzbekistan, 1987-1993). Cahiers d'Etudes sur la Méditerranée Orientale et le Monde Turco-Iranien. No 16, July-December 1993

      Emadi, Hafizullah. State, Ideology and Islamic Resurgence in Tadjikistan. Central Asian Survey. Vol. 13, No. 4. 1994

      Emadi, Hafizullah. The End of Taqiyya: Reaffirming the Religious Identity of Ismailis in Shughnan, Badakhshan - Political Implications for Afghanistan.. Middle East. Vol. 34, No. 3. July 1998

      Emadi, Hafizullah. Minority group politics: the role of Ismailis in Afghanistan's Politics. Central Asian Survey. Vol. 12, No. 3. 1993

      Emadi, Hafizullah. Politics of Transformation and Ismailis in Gorno-Badakhshan, Tajikistan. Internationales Asienforum. Vol. 29, No. 1-2. 1998

      Epidemic malaria - Tadjikistan. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report. . June 21, 1996 v45 n24

      Failed Revolt In Tajikistan, The. Central Asia Monitor. Vol. VII. No. 6. 1998

      Foltz, Richard. The Tajiks of Uzbekistan. Central Asian Survey. (1996), 15(2),

      Freidin, Gregory . Profile: Davlat Khudonazarov . Central Asia Monitor. Vol. I. No. 1. 1992

      Freidin, Gregory . The Horror In Tajikistan . Central Asia Monitor. Vol. I. No. 5. 1992

      Gault, Paul. Position Ethnologique des Peuples du Ferghanah. L'Anthropologie (Paris). Vol 3. 1892

      Gauthiot, M. R. Noes Sur Le Yazgoulami, Dialecte Iranien Des Confins Du Pamir. Journal Asiatique. Vol. 8. 1916

      Ginzburg, N.S. A Microgeography of Settlement in the Pamir Highlands. Soviet Geography. Vol. 27. June 1986

      Greene, Thomas . Western Assistance: Aid to Tajikistan. Central Asia Monitor. Vol. 2, No. 4. 1993

      Gretsky, Sergei. Qadi Akbar Turajonzoda. Central Asia Monitor. Vol. 3. No. 1. 1994

      Hetmanek, Allen. Islamic Revolution and Jihad come to the former Soviet Central Asia: the case of Tadjikistan. Central Asian Survey. Vol. 12, No. 3. 1993

      Interview with Qadi Akbar Turajonzoda. Central Asia Monitor. Vol. 4. No. 2 1995
      (available at: )

      Jahangari, Guissou. Le Tadjikistan, éléments pour la construction d'une nation. Le Trimestre du Monde. No. 2, Fourth Quarter 1992

      Jahangiri, Guissou. Anatomie d'une crise: the poids des tensions entre regions au Tadjikistan. Cahiers d'Etudes sur la Méditerranée Orientale et le Monde Turco-Iranien. No. 18, July-December 1994

      Johnston, Charles . Darwaz and Karategin . Asiatic Quarterly Review . Vol. 3. January-April, 1892
      (available at:

      Khodjibaev, Karim. Small Arms Proliferation and Social Militarization in Tajikistan. Central Asia Monitor. Vol. 8, No. 3. 1999

      Khodjibaeva, Maukhabbat. Television and the Tajik Conflict. Central Asia Monitor. Vol. 7. No. 1. 1999

      Malashenko, A.V. The Eighties: A New Political Start for Islam. Russian Social Science Review. Vol. 24, No. 2. March-April 1993

      Martin, Keith. Tajikistan: Civil War without End?. RFE/RL Research Report. Vol. 2, No. 33, 20 August 1993

      Maynard, Kim . Tajikistan: Will We Heed the Warning?. Central Asia Monitor. Vol. 2. No. 5. 1993

      McLean, Jennifer . Filling a Void: Responding to Internal Displacement in Tajikistan. Central Asia Monitor. Vol. 7. No. 3. 1998

      Naby, Eden . Tajik political Legitimacy and Political parties by . Central Asia Monitor. Vol. 1. No. 5. 1992

      Naumkin, Vitaly. Afghanistan's Ghost Haunts New Times: The Tajiks' Challenge to Russia. World Press Review. October 1993

      Nourzhanov, Kirill . Seeking Peace in Tajikistan: Who Is the Odd Man Out?. Central Asia Monitor. Vol. 7. No. 6. 1998

      Olcott, Martha B. The Basmachi or Freemen's Revolt in Turkestan 1918-1924. Soviet Studies. Vol. 23. No. 3. July 1981.

      Orr, Michael. The Civil War in Tajikistan. Jane's Intelligence Review. April 1993

      Perry, John R. Tajik literature: seventy years is longer than the Millennium. World Literature Today. Vol. 70, No. 3 Summer 1996

      Rashid, Jamil. Tajikistan - Quagmire of Central Asia. Strategic Studies (Islamabad). Vol. 17, No. 3-4. Spring-Summer 1995

      Richter, Anthony. Springtime in Tajikistan. World Policy Journal. Vol. 11, No. 2. Summer 1994

      Ritter, William S. Revolt in the Mountains: Fuzail Maksum and the Occupation of Garm, Spring 1929. Journal of Contemporary History . Vol. 25 1990

      Ritter, William S. The Final Phase in the Liquidation of Anti-Soviet Resistance in Tadzhikistan: Ibrahim Bek and the Basmachi, 1924-31. Soviet Studies . Vol. 37, no. 4, October 1985

      Rubin, Barnett R. Russian Hegemony and State Breakdown in the Periphery: Causes and Consequences of the Civil War in Tajikistan . Carnegie Project on Political Order. September 1995
      (available at: gopher:// )

      Rubin, Barnett R. The Fragmentation of Tadjikistan. Survival. Vol. 35, No. 4. Winter 1993-94

      Ruz, Charoghi . Interview with Dodojon Ataoullah, the editor of the Tajik newspaper in exile. Central Asia Monitor. Vol. 4, No. 3. 1995

      Saunders, Harold H. The Inter-Tajik Dialogue within the Framework of the Dartmouth Conference . Central Asia Monitor. Vol. 4, No. 4. 1997

      Schoeberlein, John S. Conflict in Tajikistan and Central Asia: The Myth of Ethnic Animosity. Harvard Middle Eastern and Islamic Review. Vol. 2, No. 1, 1995

      Shalinsky, Audrey (See author's Website: ). History as Self-Image: The Case of Central Asian Emigres in Afghanistan [Article covers refugees who fled the Fergana Valley during the Basmachi revolt]. Journal of South Asian and Middle Eastern Studies. Vol. 2, No. 3.

      Shashenkov, Maxim. Russian Peacekeeping in the 'Near Abrod'. Survival . Vol. 26, No. 3, Autumn 1994

      Sherr, J. Escalation of the Tajikistan Conflict. Asia - Jane's Intelligence Review. November 1993

      Shorish, Mobin M. Planning by Decree: The Soviet Language Policy in Central Asia. Language Problems and Language Planning. Vol. 8. No. 1. Spring 1984

      Shorish, Mobin M. The Pedagogical, Linguistic, and Logistical Problems of Teaching Russian to Local Soviet Central Asians. Slavic Review. Vol. 35 No. 3. September 1976

      Soviet Press Comments on the capture of Ibrahim Bey. The Asiatic Review. Vol. 27. No. 92. October 1931

      Tadjbakhsh, Shahrbanou . Women and War in Tajikistan. Central Asia Monitor. Vol. 3. No. 1. 1994
      (available at: )

      Tadjbakhsh, Shahrbanou. Causes and Consequences of the Civil War. Central Asia Monitor. Vol. 2. No. 1. 1993

      Tadjbakhsh, Shahrbanou. The "Tajik Spring of 1992" . Central Asia Monitor. Vol. 2. No. 2. 1993

      Tadjbakhsh, Shahrbanou. National Reconciliation: the Imperfect Whim. Central Asia Survey. December 1996

      Tadjbakhsh, Shahrbanou. The Bloody ath of Change: the Case of Post-Soviet Tadjikistan. The Harriman Institute Forum. Vol. 6, No. 11 July 1993

      Tajikistan and Uzbekistan have signed a natural gas agreement that could resolve a major bilateral trade problem. The Oil and Gas Journal. Vol. 94, No. 31, July 29, 1996

      Tajikistan: End of Civil War?. Central Asia Monitor. Vol. 2. No. 1. 1993

      Tursunov, Akbar. From the Ashes: (Nonfiction from Tajikistan). ICARUS. No. 16 Winter 1995.

      Weryho, Jan W. Modern Tajiki Persian: Gharbzadagi of a Different Kind. Nationalities Papers. Vol. 11, No. 1. Spring 1983

      Zand, Michael. Patterns of Sovietization of Oriental Jewish Culture: Bukharan Jewish Culture, 1918-1940-A Case Study. Soviet Jewish Affairs. Vol. 22. No 1. Summer 1991.


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