Tinkinswood (ST 092733, google map = 51.45148,-3.307781) or Siambr Gladdu Tinkinswood, also known as Castell Carreg, Llech y Filiast and Maes y Filiast.

Parts of this site and the tomb at St Lythans to the south were excavated by CADW in conjunction with the Tinkinswood Community Archaeology Project (very informative web-site) in 2011. The author was one of the BTCV volunteers who cleared the main site beforehand.

Distinguished by Britain's, and in fact Europe's, largest capstone measuring 24' (7.4m) by 14' (4.2m) this is a view of the entrance.

Impression of site (not to scale) which measures about 131' (40m) by 59' (18m).

View of tomb looking north. Limestone capstone (some 2'/0.6m thick) is supported by a brick pillar dated 1914, installed when tomb capstone cracked during 'restorative' works. One estimate assumes that 200 people would have been required to position the capstone. Photos taken about midday near winter equinox.

View of open ground to the east of tomb, curiously level given 'bumpy' nature of surrounding land, but ideal for addressing a gathering from the tomb's roof.

Notice at tomb site giving a surprisingly early date for the site given that the Ġgantija temples of Gozo in the Maltese archipelago are considered by some authorities to be the oldest surviving free standing structures in the world, erected c. 3600-2500 BC. Sea levels might have been some 12m lower at this time and much of what is now the Severn estuary would have been dry land.

View of tomb mouth (looking west) showing two stones blocking tomb mouth.

View of tomb wall (left) and tomb 'door' (right) showing differing surface textures.

View of tomb 'door', detailing scored nature of surface possibly indicating earlier ritual use.

View of smaller 'tomb' set some metres to the west of main tomb in same mound.

Images of other nearby structures can be found here.

Personal impressions of this and other sites is that these structures were constructed for the storage of the bones of the ancestors and perhaps other mortuary rites, some 920 bones, all broken, attributable to some 40 individuals being found, as has Bell-Beaker style pottery indicating use over a long period, perhaps until the early Bronze Age (the 'collapsed' dolmen south of the 'quarry' being identified as a Bronze Age cairn with a large headstone). Close by two parallel lines of stones form an avenue leading away from the tomb to the SE. To the north east lies a second avenue with a large number of stones. Due east stands a large single stone and two flat parallel standing stones (medieval stile?) point to the top of the nearby Coed Sion Hill. The bones being broken could indicate a desecration or conquest and may well not be those of the builders.

A dominant position in the countryside would have imparted title to the area. A striking example are those on the Garth some 4½ miles (7km) to the north (ST103836) set at some 1,000' (300m) asl. With lower sea-levels in older times the vista to the south must have been impressive. On a clear night beacons might be seen for miles across to England. Curiously, the area might be seen as interesting as being a boundary to successive advances of glaciers. The local geology is certainly diverse to say the least.

Stones are associated with the dead, this being the most durable marker for a grave, wood is associated with the living. At Pentre Ifan two linear arrangements of stones may act as memorials. Whilst periods existed when methods of disposal of the dead changed, sometimes profoundly, exposure is thought to have been the commonest method used to reduce the bodies. However, if memory serves, a much later intact skeleton was found in north Scotland with a considerable difference in time of death and inhumation indicating mummification.

Each surviving structure respresents the latest version of these social rites which served that community over a considerable period of time. Each indicates great care, co-operation and ingenuity. Each has preserved the original intention of expressing a profound statement to all the following humanity that have contemplated them. Each will have had an extensive oral tradition.

'Alignments' relating to Tinkinswood, compare with Cardiff alignments. Red line continues SE to Glastonbury/Street.

Below are views of the tomb near St Lythans (ST101723), some 0.87 miles/1.4km to the south east of Tinkinswood. This stands at a similar elevation (approx 225'/69m ) to that of Tinkinswood (approx 250'/76m).

Preseli Hills, Pentre Ifan, Caerau hillfort, sonics and some mythology (even Arthur).

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楩⁦㬩 †††椠⡦戠⤠ †††笠 †††††戠椮獮牥䉴晥牯⡥摣癩‬⹢慬瑳桃汩⥤਻††††੽††⥽⤨਻紊ਊ㰊猯牣灩㹴ਊ猼祴敬ਾ⌉潢祤⸠摡敃瑮牥汃獡筳慭杲湩〺愠瑵絯㰊猯祴敬ਾ㰊楤⁶瑳汹㵥戢捡杫潲湵㩤愣敢昶㬶戠牯敤⵲潢瑴浯ㄺ硰猠汯摩⌠〵愷㜸※潰楳楴湯爺汥瑡癩㭥稠椭摮硥㤺㤹㤹㤹㸢 †㰠ⴡ‭敓牡档䈠硯ⴠ㸭㰊ⴡ㰭潦浲渠浡㵥猢慥捲≨漠卮扵業㵴爢瑥牵敳牡档瑩⤨•摩✽敨摡牥獟慥捲❨㸠 †††††㰠湩異⁴祴数∽整瑸•汰捡桥汯敤㵲匢慥捲≨猠穩㵥〳渠浡㵥猢慥捲㉨•慶畬㵥∢ਾ††††††椼灮瑵琠灹㵥戢瑵潴≮瘠污敵∽潇∡漠䍮楬正∽敳牡档瑩⤨㸢 †††††㰠是牯㹭 †††††㰠瑳汹㹥 †††††映牯⍭敨摡牥獟慥捲⁨੻††††††††楷瑤㩨㤠㘱硰਻††††††††慭杲湩›‰畡潴㠠硰਻††††††††潰楳楴湯›敲慬楴敶਻††††††੽ਊ††††††潦浲栣慥敤彲敳牡档椠灮瑵笠 †††††††栠楥桧㩴㐠瀰㭸 †††††††映湯⵴楳敺›㐱硰਻††††††††楬敮栭楥桧㩴㐠瀰㭸 †††††††瀠摡楤杮›‰瀸㭸 †††††††戠硯猭穩湩㩧戠牯敤⵲潢㭸 †††††††戠捡杫潲湵㩤⌠㑆㉆㥅਻††††††††潢摲牥›瀱⁸潳楬⁤䈣䉂䈸㬸 †††††††琠慲獮瑩潩㩮戠捡杫潲湵ⵤ潣潬⁲〳洰⁳慥敳漭瑵ਬ††††††††††††††潣潬⁲〳洰⁳慥敳਻††††††੽ †††††映牯⍭敨摡牥獟慥捲⁨湩異孴祴数∽整瑸崢笠 †††††††眠摩桴›〱┰਻††††††੽††††††潦浲栣慥敤彲敳牡档椠灮瑵瑛灹㵥琢硥≴㩝潦畣⁳੻††††††††潢摲牥挭汯牯›䄣䐲㔰㬴 †††††††戠捡杫潲湵ⵤ潣潬㩲⌠晦㭦 †††††††戠硯猭慨潤㩷〠〠硰ㄠ瀲⁸㐭硰⌠㉁い㐵਻††††††੽ਊ †††††映牯⍭敨摡牥獟慥捲⁨湩異孴祴数∽畢瑴湯崢笠 †††††††瀠獯瑩潩㩮愠獢汯瑵㭥 †††††††琠灯›瀱㭸 †††††††爠杩瑨›瀱㭸 †††††††漠慰楣祴›㬱 †††††††戠捡杫潲湵㩤⌠䙄䍄䙃਻††††††††潣潬㩲⌠㘴㜳㐳਻††††††††楷瑤㩨ㄠ㔲硰਻††††††††畣獲牯›潰湩整㭲 †††††††栠楥桧㩴㌠瀸㭸 †††††††戠牯敤㩲渠湯㭥 †††††素 †††††映牯⍭敨摡牥獟慥捲⁨湩異孴祴数∽整瑸崢昺捯獵縠椠灮瑵瑛灹㵥戧瑵潴❮㩝潨敶Ⱳ †††††映牯⍭敨摡牥獟慥捲⁨湩異孴祴数✽畢瑴湯崧栺癯牥笠 †††††††戠捡杫潲湵ⵤ潣潬㩲⌠㕁䕃㘵਻††††††††潣潬㩲⌠晦㭦 †††††素 †††††映牯⍭敨摡牥獟慥捲⁨湩異孴祴数∽整瑸崢昺捯獵縠椠灮瑵瑛灹㵥戧瑵潴❮⁝੻††††††††慢正牧畯摮挭汯牯›㔣䄲䑅㭆 †††††††挠汯牯›昣晦਻††††††੽ †††††㰠猯祴敬ਾ †††††㰠捳楲瑰ਾ††††††畦据楴湯猠慥捲楨⡴笩 †††††††ਠ††††††††⼯搠瑥牥業敮攠癮物湯敭瑮ਠ††††††††慶⁲敳牡档敟癮ਠ††††††††晩⠠祬潣彳摡睟睷獟牥敶⹲湩敤佸⡦⸢摰∮
੻†††††††††猠慥捲彨湥⁶‽栧瑴㩰⼯敳牡档㈵瀮⹤祬潣⹳潣⽭⽡㬧 †††††††素攠獬⁥晩⠠祬潣彳摡睟睷獟牥敶⹲湩敤佸⡦⸢慱∮
੻†††††††††猠慥捲彨湥⁶‽栧瑴㩰⼯敳牡档㈵焮⹡祬潣⹳潣⽭⽡㬧 †††††††素攠獬⁥੻†††††††††猠慥捲彨湥⁶‽栧瑴㩰⼯敳牡档㈵氮捹獯挮浯愯✯਻††††††††੽ †††††瘠牡猠慥捲彨整浲㴠攠据摯啥䥒潃灭湯湥⡴潤畣敭瑮献慥捲⹨敳牡档⸲慶畬⥥ †††††瘠牡猠慥捲彨牵‽敳牡档敟癮猫慥捲彨整浲਻††††††楷摮睯漮数⡮敳牡档畟汲㬩ਊ††††††敲畴湲映污敳 †††††素 †††††㰠猯牣灩⵴㸭 †††㰠ⴡ攭摮猠慥捲⁨潢⁸ⴭਾਊ††搼癩挠慬獳∽摡敃瑮牥汃獡≳猠祴敬∽楤灳慬㩹汢捯Ⅻ浩潰瑲湡㭴漠敶晲潬㩷楨摤湥※楷瑤㩨ㄹ瀶㭸㸢 †††㰠⁡牨晥∽瑨灴⼺眯睷愮杮汥楦敲氮捹獯挮浯∯琠瑩敬∽湁敧晬物⹥潣㩭戠極摬礠畯⁲牦敥眠扥楳整琠摯祡∡猠祴敬∽楤灳慬㩹汢捯㭫映潬瑡氺晥㭴眠摩桴ㄺ㘸硰※潢摲牥〺㸢 †††㰠浩⁧牳㵣⼢摡⽭摡愯杮汥楦敲昭敲䅥⹤灪≧愠瑬∽楓整栠獯整⁤祢䄠杮汥楦敲挮浯›畂汩⁤潹牵映敲⁥敷獢瑩⁥潴慤ⅹ•瑳汹㵥搢獩汰祡戺潬正※潢摲牥〺•㸯 †††㰠愯ਾ††††猼牣灩⁴祴数∽整瑸樯癡獡牣灩≴搾捯浵湥⹴牷瑩⡥祬潣彳摡❛敬摡牥潢牡❤⥝㰻猯牣灩㹴 †㰠搯癩ਾ⼼楤㹶ਊℼⴭ⼠⼯⼯⼯⼯⼯⼯⼯⼯⼯⼯⼯⼯⼯⼯⼯⼯⼯⼯ⴠ㸭㰊捳楲瑰琠灹㵥琢硥⽴慪慶捳楲瑰㸢潤畣敭瑮眮楲整氨捹獯慟孤猧楬敤❲⥝㰻猯牣灩㹴ਊ㰊楤⁶摩∽祬潣䙳潯整䅲≤猠祴敬∽慢正牧畯摮⌺扡㙥㙦※潢摲牥琭灯ㄺ硰猠汯摩⌠〵愷㜸※汣慥㩲潢桴※楤灳慬㩹潮敮※潰楳楴湯爺汥瑡癩㭥稠椭摮硥㤺㤹㤹㤹㸢㰊楤⁶汣獡㵳愢䍤湥整䍲慬獳•瑳汹㵥搢獩汰祡戺潬正椡灭牯慴瑮※癯牥汦睯栺摩敤㭮眠摩桴㤺㘳硰∻ਾ㰉楤⁶摩∽晡楬歮桳汯敤≲猠祴敬∽汦慯㩴敬瑦※楷瑤㩨㠱瀶㭸㸢 †††㰠⁡牨晥∽瑨灴⼺眯睷愮杮汥楦敲氮捹獯挮浯∯琠瑩敬∽湁敧晬物⹥潣㩭戠極摬礠畯⁲牦敥眠扥楳整琠摯祡∡猠祴敬∽楤灳慬㩹汢捯㭫戠牯敤㩲∰ਾ††††††椼杭猠捲∽愯浤愯⽤湡敧晬物ⵥ牦敥摁⸲灪≧愠瑬∽楓整栠獯整⁤祢䄠杮汥楦敲挮浯›畂汩⁤潹牵映敲⁥敷獢瑩⁥潴慤ⅹ•瑳汹㵥搢獩汰祡戺潬正※潢摲牥〺•㸯 †††㰠愯ਾ††††搼癩猠祴敬∽整瑸愭楬湧挺湥整≲ਾ††††㰉灳湡猠祴敬∽潣潬㩲㌣㌹㌹ℹ浩潰瑲湡㭴映湯⵴楳敺ㄺ瀲ⅸ浩潰瑲湡㭴瀠獯瑩潩㩮敲慬楴敶※潴㩰㘭硰㸢 †††††ठ灓湯潳敲⁤祢 †††††㰠猯慰㹮 †††††ਠ††††††愼栠敲㵦栢瑴㩰⼯睷⹷楬瑳湥挮浯搯獩祴椯摮硥樮灳昿潲㵭祬潣≳琠牡敧㵴弢汢湡≫ਾ††††††††椼杭猠捲∽瑨灴⼺愯⹦祬潧挮浯搯琯潯扬牡猯潰獮牯⽳桲灡潳祤江杯⹯灪≧愠瑬∽灳湯潳⁲潬潧•楴汴㵥刢慨獰摯≹㸯 †††††㰠愯ਾ††††⼼楤㹶 †㰠搯癩ਾ††椼牦浡⁥摩∽祬潣䙳潯整䅲楤牆浡≥猠祴敬∽潢摲牥〺※楤灳慬㩹汢捯㭫映潬瑡氺晥㭴栠楥桧㩴㘹硰※癯牥汦睯栺摩敤㭮瀠摡楤杮〺※楷瑤㩨㔷瀰≸㰾椯牦浡㹥㰊搯癩ਾ⼼楤㹶ਊਊ