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M.A.Padmanabha Rao's

SIX FUNDAMENTAL PHYSICS DISCOVERIES

IN A SINGLE PAPER

 

M. A. Padmanabha Rao Ph.D (A.I.I.M.S )        

Date of birth: 19/09/1937 (Age 73 + on 19/09/2010) 

Professor of Medical Physics,   Himalayan Institute of Medical Sciences, Jolly Grant, Uttaranchal, India (2001)

Head, Radiation Safety Group & Deputy Director (Sc.E), Defence Laboratory, Jodhpur , Rajasthan(1983-‘97)

Lecturer in Medical Physics , Department of Nuclear Medicine, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi (1964-1983).

Current Address:

114 Charak sadan, Vikaspuri, New Delhi 110018, India

raomap@yahoo.com    Delhi Ph: (M) +91- 9871257964

Essentially, my research work claims two more emissions from radioisotopes and XRF sources by a previously unknown atomic phenomenon :

 

M A Padmanabha Rao,

UV dominant optical emission newly detectedfrom radioisotopes and XRF sources,

Brazilian Journal of Physics, vol. 40, no. 1, March 2010,

http://www.sbfisica.org.br/bjp/files/v40_38.pdf

 

User:Raomap - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Abstract of the paper in Wikipedia:

M. A. Padmanabha Rao Charak Sadan, Vikaspuri, New Delhi 110018, India (Received on 21 ... Retrieved from "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/User:Raomap" ...
en.wikipedia.org/wiki/User:Raomap-

Abstract

The current paper reports first and definite experimental evidence for γ-, X-, or β radiation causing UV dominant optical radiation from (1) radiochemicals such as 131 I; (2) XRF sources such as Rb XRF source present as salts; and (3) metal sources such as 57 Co, and Cu XRF sources. Due to low quantum yield a need arose to develop two techniques with narrow band optical filters, and sheet polarizers that helped in the successful detection of optical radiation. The metal 57 Co spectrum observed at room temperature hinted that it could be optical emission from excited 57 Co atoms by a previously unknown phenomenon. In order to explain UV emission, it was predicted that some eV energies higher than that of UV, termed temporarily as Bharat radiation are generated within the excited atom, while γ-, X-, or β radiation passes through core-Coulomb field. In turn, the Bharat energy internally produced within the excited atom causes UV dominant high-energy spectrum by valence excitation. As excited atoms become free from surrounding unexcited atoms by valence excitation, room temperature atomic spectra of solid radioisotopes and XRF sources became a possibility. It implies existence of temporary atomic state of solids. The experimental evidence that γ-, X-, and β radiations causing UV dominant optical emission from within excited atoms of radioisotopes suggests the possibility for solar γ-, X-, and β radiations causing EUV by the atomic phenomenon described here.

The current research took nearly 21 years: 9 yrs at the Defence Laboratory, Jodhpur from 1988 to until retirement in September 1997, and 12 yrs afterwards until publication in March 2010.  

  1. Four yrs were spent from the time alarmingly highly counts were detected by bare PMT (9635QB THORN EMI) from Rb XRF source to the moment of suspicion of optical radiation when thin black polyethylene sheet was interposed between PM and Rb XRF source.
  2. Two years were spent in developing two optical techniques to doubly ensure optical emission from Rb XRF source, and from other XRF sources and radioisotopes.
  3. Two years were spent in conceptulating the atomic phenomenon explaining Bharat and UV dominant optical emissions.

Possibly, doing six fundamental discoveries by an individual could be a new world record in entire science in last 100 years.

The paper accounts three experimental physics discoveries :

The current work represents previously unexplored area of sub-atomic research using two types of ionizing radiation sources: (1) radioisotopes and (2) XRF sources.  Radioisotopes and X-ray fluorescent (XRF) sources come under the common category of ionizing radiation sources, yet their production process differs much from each other. Secondly, the phenomena causing gamma, beta, and alpha emissions from radioisotopes differ entirely from that of continuous X-rays from X-ray tubes or characteristic X-rays from XRF sources. That is why radioisotopes and (2) XRF sources are considered here as two distinctly different typesof ionizing radiation sources.

A surprise finding, Rb XRF source (AMC 2084, U.K.) showing 125,381 cps instead of the expected 8,800 Rb X-ray photon yield sec-1 steradian-1 led to this exhaustive study. In the absence of prior theory or any experimental study on the subject, further experiments suggested a possibility of optical radiation with low quantum yield from the source. Accordingly, the two optical techniques specially designed and developed for low light yield doubly ensured optical radiation from the Rb XRF source as well as from other XRF sources and radioisotopes tested.

What are the Six Fundamental Discoveries claimed in Brazilian paper

The first experimental discovery

UV dominant optical emission from radioisotopes present as radiochemicals.This comes under the category of 'fundamental physics discovery' since light emission from artificially produced radioisotopes was never reported by previous scientists ever since their discovery  nearly a century ago. The insight is significant to nuclear physics as important as the discoveries of gamma, X-ray, or beta radiation. The insight is significant to nuclear physics as important as the discoveries of gamma, X-ray, or beta radiation.

 

The second experimental discovery

UV dominant optical emission from XRF sources present as salts.The Variable Energy XRF source AMC 2084 obtained from Nuclear Enterprises (U.K.) of the size of a lemon led to two discoveries. This is the second 'fundamental physics discoverysince on a macroscopic scale, the newly detected optical radiation was not known previously from XRF sources ever since the discovery of characteristic X-rays by C.G.Barkla or from X-ray tubes used in hospitals, ever since the discovery of continuous X-rays by W.C. Roentgen, nearly a century ago. However, the author has detected UV dominant optical emission following characteristic X-ray emission from one and the same excited atoms of Rb, Ba, and Tb XRF sources present as Rb, Ba, and Tb salts in AMC 2084,U.K.

 

The Brazilian paper included in References of the website below

X-ray fluorescence - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Jump to: navigation, search ...
en.wikipedia.org/wiki/X-ray_fluorescence- Cached - Similar

 

Two experimental discoveries in physics were made from Variable Energy X-ray source (AMC 2084, U.K.):

  • UV dominant optical emission' was newly detected from (1) Rb, ba, and Tb XRF sources present as salts, and
  • from Cu, Ag, and Mo XRF sources present as metals (notably at room temperature) emerging  through the hole shown above, coaxed with X-ray beam..  

For the first time, it is shown how photomultiplier tube 9635QB THORN EMI can detect UV dominant optical radiation from radioisotopes and XRF sources. The XRF source (AMC 2084):was kept directly kept on the quartz window of bare photo multiplier tube (9635QB THORN EMI).

The experimental set up is a simple Gamma ray Spectrometer from Electronics Corporation of India, Hyderabad, India. On slightly raising gain of the linear amplifier raised slightly higher than what is required normally to a scintillation detector, it has newly detected UV dominant optical radiation from radioisotopes and XRF sources. These photographs are not illustrated in the published paper in March 2010.

 

The third experimental discovery

UV dominant optical emission from metals at room temperature when present as radioisotopes or XRF sources

Metals emitting light at room temperature could be the most revolutionary experimental finding unprecedented in the history of science. Optical  emission was detected from Cobalt metal when present as 57Co (Amersham International, U.K.); 60Co used in cancer treatment; and also from Cu, Mo, and Ag  metals present as Cu, Mo, and Ag XRF sources of AMC 2084,U.K.

M.A. Padmanabha Rao’s groundbreaking experiments with radioisotopes and X-ray fluorescence (XRF) sourcesat the Defence Laboratory, Jodhpur, Rajasthan State, India led to three unexpected findings, fundamental significance to X-ray physics, nuclear physics and atomic spectroscopy.   He has reported definite experimental evidence for γ-, X-, or β radiation causing UV dominant optical radiation from radioisotopes present as radiochemicals such as 137Cs, (2) Rb, Ba, and Tb XRF sources (AMC 2084, U.K.) present as salts, and (3) metal sources 57Co, and Cu, Mo, and Ag XRF sources notably at room temperature. These insights hinted that γ-, X-, or β radiation causes optical emission from within the one and the same excited atoms of both radioisotopes and XRF sources by a previously unknown atomic phenomenon.

In order to explain these three experimental breakthroughs, previously unexplored area of sub-atomic research into excited atoms of rdaioisotopes and XRF sources was made that led into the three following sub-atomic discoveries:

The Fourth Discovery (the predicted Bharat radiation) :

Sub-atomic research with radioisotopes and XRF sources led to an understanding that the UV dominant optical emission is the second generation of γ-, X-, and β emissions within the excited atom. That is why the first generation, implying an unprecedented emission from these sources that causes the optical emission has been conceptualized as follows. In order to explain optical emission, it was predicted that ionizing radiation first produce electromagnetic radiation with energy slightly higher than that of the detected UV radiation from within an excited atom. These wavelengths shown to exist in between X-ray and optical spectra of electromagnetic spectrum can not be called as X-rays or light say from Rb XRF source. That is why these wavelengths are termed as 'Bharat radiation' for convenience.   Location of such wavelengths 12.87 to 47.488 nm generated by Rb X-rays of Rb XRF source fall in between Rb X-ray and UV dominant atomic spectra in Electromagnetic Spectrum. Like γ-rays and X-rays, Bharat radiation thus finds a place in the Electromagnetic Spectrum. The currently available photomultiplier tubes fail to efficiently detect these Bharat wavelengths. 

 

The Fifth Discovery

While the basic atomic spectra of a salt is produced on heating it from an external thermal source, Bharat energies generated internally within excited atom causing new class of ‘Atomic Spectra of solids at room temperature’ never known since the inception of atomic spectroscopy could be fifth breakthrough in physics. The published paper has demonstrated that metallic 57cobalt source emit atomic spectrum at room temperature following gamma emission from one and the same excited cobalt atoms.   Valence excitation by Bharat radiation set the excited atoms free from surrounding unexcited atoms. A new atomic state of solids comprising of all those free atoms seems to be responsible for the typical spectra observed.

UV dominant optical emission from radioisotopes and XRF sources may find a Place in the list of γ-, X-, and β emissions

Of all these insights, the optical emission detected at room temperature from metal 57Co is the most noteworthy. The γ- ray first produces some energy higher than that of UV at eV level within the same excited metal 57Co atom, termed Bharat radiation, which in turn causes the UV dominant optical emission.

The sixth Discovery :

New atomic phenomenon explaining how gamma, X-ray or beta successively causes two generations: Bharat radiation followed by UV dominant optical emission within an excited atom can be the sixth discovery.  

(1) Ionizing radiation, particularly γ-, X-, or β radiation energy at keV or MeV level loses energy at eV level while passing through a core-Coulomb field. The loss of energy is reproduced as electromagnetic radiation (Bharat radiation) with the same energy at eV level but higher than that of UV or EUV that the source emits.

(2) The Bharat energy caueses valence excitation resulting into UV dominant atomic spectrum. Core- Coulomb interaction of γ-, X-, or β radiation is the notable feature in this atomic phenomenon.

Key words OF BRAZILAN PAPER

Dark radiation, Bharat radiation, Radiation dose data, Nuclear Medicine patients, radiopharmaceuticals, 99m-Tc, 131-I, 201-Tl, diagnostic X-ray tubes, skin erythema, Teletherapy treatment, Dark matter, fission fragments, solar flare, Uranium fission in Sun, activation products, 56-Co, and 24-Na in solar flare , Solar EUV emission, γ-, X-, β, UV, VIS, and NIR radiation emissions, radioisotopes, XRF sources, solar flares, solar γ-, X-, or β radiations, solar EUV, room temperature, new atomic phenomenon, atomic spectroscopy, UV, VIS, NIR radiations, sheet polarizers, narrow band optical filters, AMC 2084, Thorn/ EMI 9635 QB, gamma ray spectrometer, electromagnetic spectrum, core electron, core excitation, valence excitation, core coulomb space, fluorescent emission, luminescence, incandescence.

Papers presented on UV dominant optical emission from radioisotopes and XRF sources

1.   M A Padmanabha Rao, (1997) ATOMIC EMISSION OF LIGHT FROM SOURCES OF IONIZING RADIATION BY A NEW PHENOMENON, Technical Report No: DLJ/ IL/ 97/ 7 of the Defence Laboratory (Defence Research and Development Organizaion, Ministry of Defence,  Government of India) Jodhpur 342011, Rajasthan, India, April 1997). http://www.angelfire.com/sc3/1010/technicalreport.html  ( The official Technical Report of the Defence Laboratory (Defence Research and Development Organization, Ministry of Defence, Government of India), Jodhpur, Rajasthan, India claimed the discovery of New Atomic Phenomenon in 1997. The research work was first released as an Official Technical Report of the Laboratory, after formal approval by the then Director in 1997, who also has been an Expert in Internal Dosimetry on Radiopharmaceuticals of International Atomic Energy Agency, Vienna, Austria. )

PERSONAL [This official Report on the discovery of New Atomic Phenomenon attracted the Indian Dailies in April 1997.

http://www.angelfire.com/sc3/1010/hindu.html

http://www.angelfire.com/sc3/1010/hindustantimes.html

http://www.angelfire.com/sc3/1010/tribune.html

http://www.angelfire.com/sc3/1010/dainikbhaskar1997.jpg (in HINDI)

http://www.angelfire.com/sc3/1010/economictimes.html]

 2.    M A Padmanabha Rao, (1997)LIGHT EMISSION OBSERVED FROM IONIZING RADIATION SOURCES BY AN ATOMIC PHENOMENON, National Symposium on Contemporary Physics, November 6-8, 1997, organized by The Indian Physics Association , at Physics Department, Presidency College, Kolkata, India, http://www.angelfire.com/sc3/1010/kolkata.html

3.  .M A Padmanabha Rao, (1998) RADIOISOTOPES AND X-RAY SOURCES EMIT FLUORESCENT LIGHT BY AN ATOMIC PHENOMENON, Proceedings of the 12th National Symposium on Radiation Physics, (Eds. P K  Bhatnagar et al), Sponsored by Indian Society for Radiation Physics, Defence Laboratory, Jodhpur 342011, India, pp 273-276, and January 28-30 (Publisher: Hindustan Enterprises, Jodhpur 342003, Rajasthan, India). http://www.angelfire.com/sc3/1010/jodhpur1998.html

4   M A Padmanabha Rao(1998)   X-RAY SOURCEEMITS NOT ONLY X-RAYS BUT ALSO LOW ENERGY ELECTROMAGNETIC RADIATION.  Presented in 1998 Symposium on Radiation Measurements and Applications, Ninth in a series,College of Engineering, The University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, U.S.A.1998, Abstract 3PW26, http://www.angelfire.com/sc3/1010/michigan1998.html

5.    M A Padmanabha Rao (1999) POSSIBLE BIOLOGICAL EFFECTS BY UV RADIATION NEWLY DETECTED FROM INTERNALLY ADMINISTERED RADIOISOTOPES. in Proceedings of the Symposium on Low Level Electromagnetic Phenomena in Biological Systems (BIOSYS-’99), 1999 , School of Environmental Sciences, Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi-110067, India,  edited by Jitendra Behari and Editors of Indian Journal of Biochemistry and Biophysics,   (Printed at National Institute of Science Communication, Pusa Road, New Delhi -110012) p.68. http://www.angelfire.com/sc3/1010/uvdosimetry.html

Citation:

The effects of ultra-low dose β-radiation on the physical properties of human erythrocyte membranes,

Zhirnov, Victor V. 1; Khyzhnyak, Svetlana V. 2; Voitsitskiy, Vladimir M. 2

 International Journal of Radiation Biology, Volume 86, Number 6, June 2010, pp.499-506 (8). http://www.ingentaconnect.com/content/apl/trab/2010/00000086/00000006/art00008

 

Citation: Report of the Seventh meeting of the Ozone Research Managers of the Parties to the Vienna Convention for the Protection of the Ozone Layer, the World Meteorological Organization (WMO), Geneva, 18 to 21 May 2008 (organized by the Ozone Secretariat of the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) together with the World Meteorological Organization (WMO), REPORT No. 51, WMO/TD-No. 1437, p. 178 http://ozone.unep.org/Meeting_Documents/research-mgrs/7orm/7orm-report.pdf

6.   M A Padmanabha Rao, DISCOVERY OF LIGHT EMISSION FROM XRF SOURCES,  Presented in 50 th Annual Denver Conference , Steamboat Springs, Colorado State, U.S.A., 2001, (Sponsored by the International Centre for Diffraction Data, Newtown Square, Philadelphia ,U.S.A,) Abstract F-01, p.124. www.dxcicdd.com/01/pdf/F-01.pdf

[Citation: Enhanced response of the fricke solution doped with hematoporphyrin under X-rays irradiation,

 Authors: Carlos Austerlitz1, Vivianne Lúcia Bormann de Souza, Diana Maria Tavares Campos, Cristina Kurachi, Vanderley Bagnato2, and Cláudio Sibata,

 Journal: Braz. arch. biol. technol. 51, n.2, p. 271, Mar./Apr. 2008.       http://www.scielo.br/pdf/babt/v51n2/a06v51n2.pdf 

 

7.    M A Padmanabha Rao, (2002) ROOM TEMPERATURE ATOMIC SPECTRA FROM SOLID RADIOISOTOPES AND XRF SOURCES, Presented in 34 Conference of European Group for Atomic Spectroscopy , Department of Physics, Sofia University, Sofia, Bulgaria, 2002, Editor: K.Blagoev, Institute of Sold State Physics, Europhysics Conference Abstracts, Oral Paper F2-4, p.103   http://www.angelfire.com/sc3/1010/egas34.html

8.   M A Padmanabha Rao, NEW UV EMITTERS: RADIOISOTOPES AND XRF SOURCES EXPLAINED BY FIRST MAPPING OF PHOTON, ELECTRON, PROTON AND NEUTRON. (in)Advances in Electronic Materials and Devices, (Eds) Prof. P.K. Bajpai, Dr.H.S.Tiwari, and Dr.A.Khaskalam, Department of Pure & Applied Physics, Guru Ghasidas University, Bilaspur 495009, Chattisgarh State, India. http://www.angelfire.com/sc3/1010/bilasspur.pdf

 9   M.A. Padmanabha Rao, Invited Paper. SOLAR X-RAYS, GAMMA RAYS, AND ELECTRONS CAUSE EUV BY A PREVIOUSLY UNKNOWN ATOMIC PHENOMENON in Proceedings of the 7 th International Conference on Human Ecology and Nature (HEN2008), Moscow-Ples , Russia, 2008, edited by Vladimir V.Zaitsev (Moscow Scientific and industrial Association “Radon”) p.45. http://www.angelfire.com/sc3/1010/Solarfission.html

10  D. Bohra, A. Parihar, and M.A. Padmanabha Rao, THE PHOTOMULTIPLIER AS A BETA DETECTOR, Nucl.Instrum.Methods.Phys.Res. A320, 393 (1992).

THE FOLLOWING WEBSITES ACCEPTED THESE AS LATEST FUNDAMENTAL PHYSICS DISCOVERIES

   I. Bell Labs vs. the LHC  

http://scienceblogs.com/principles/2010/01/bell_labs_vs_the_lhc.php

Posted on: January 7, 2010 9:50 AM, by Chad Orzel

LATEST FUNDAMENTAL PHYSICS DISCOVERIES.
My comment is on your sentense, "In the large accelerator era, I wonder if we don't need to make a distinction between "basic research" and what we might as well call "fundamental research" (though that term kind of bugs me for other reasons)". Money spent for this work was very limited that is for a Gamma ray Spectrometer, radioisotopes and XRF sources. Anyone who does fundamental research has to devote several years. The research study lasted nearly 21 years from the begining (1988) to publishing (March 2010.

The website
http://en.giswiki.net/wiki/User_talk:Raomap
is a key ro explain what are the Six Fundamental Physics Discoveries in the paper published in a peer reviewed journal:

PADMANABHA RAO, M. A..

UV dominant optical emission newly detected from radioisotopes and XRF sources.
Braz. J. Phys. [online]. 2010, vol.40, no.1, pp. 38-46. ISSN 0103-9733.
[doi: 10.1590/S0103-97332010000100007.] [1]
http://www.sbfisica.org.br/bjp/files/v40_38.pdf

1. The FIRST EXPERIMENTAL DISCOVERY : UV dominant optical emission from radioisotopes present as radiochemicals.

2. The SECOND EXPERIMENTAL DISCOVERY : UV dominant optical emission from XRF sources present as salts.

3. The THIRD EXPERIMENTAL DISCOVERY : UV dominant optical emission from metals at room temperature when present as radioisotopes or XRF sources.

4. The FOURTH DISCOVERY : Bharat radiation (predicted).

5. The FIFTH DISCOVERY: Bharat radiation causing a new class of Atomic Spectra of solids (solid radioisotopes and XRF sources) at room temperature.
These Atomic Spectra of solids could be significant breakthrough in the history of atomic spectroscopy.

6. The SIXTH DISCOVERY: Previously unknown atomic phenomenon explaining how Bharat radiation, the first generation of gamma, X-ray, and beta, and UV dominant optical emission the second generation takes place from from one and the same excited atom in radioisotopes and XRF sources.

M.A. Padmanabha Rao, PhD
Former Professor of Medical Physics, New Delhi, India
raomap@yahoo.com

II. Physics Discoveries in Canada: Ernest Rutherford

http://www.suite101.com/content/physics-in-canada-ernest-rutherford-a65646

Disintegration Theory of Atom Discovered at McGill University, 1900

       Aug 24, 2008 Susanna McLeod

 Guest :

LATEST FUNDAMENTAL PHYSICS DISCOVERIES AFTER RUTHERFORD
My research work is further progress to Rutherford's findings on beta made nearly a century ago. "Ru

therford made     great leaps in progress at McGill. Using Becquerel Rays, a method of ionization found in 1896, Rutherford’s immediate     findings in Canada were the non-penetrating alpha and penetrating beta rays."

 The website
http://en.giswiki.net/wiki/User_talk:Raomap
 is a key ro explain what are the Six Fundamental Physics Discoveries in the paper published in a peer  reviewed journal:

PADMANABHA RAO, M. A.. UV dominant optical emission newly detected from radioisotopes and XRF sources.     Braz. J. Phys. [online]. 2010, vol.40, n.1, pp. 38-46. ISSN 0103-9733.
[doi: 10.1590/S0103-97332010000100007.] [1]
http://www.sbfisica.org.br/bjp/files/v40_38.pdf

1. The FIRST EXPERIMENTAL DISCOVERY : UV dominant optical emission from radioisotopes present as  radiochemicals.

2. The SECOND EXPERIMENTAL DISCOVERY : UV dominant optical emission from XRF sources present as salts.

3. The THIRD EXPERIMENTAL DISCOVERY : UV dominant optical emission from metals at room temperature when present as radioisotopes or XRF sources.

4. The FOURTH DISCOVERY : Bharat radiation (predicted).

5. The FIFTH DISCOVERY: Bharat radiation causing a new class of Atomic Spectra of solids (solid radioisotopes and XRF sources) at room temperature.   These Atomic Spectra of solids could be significant breakthrough in the history of atomic spectroscopy.

6. The SIXTH DISCOVERY: Previously unknown atomic phenomenon explaining how Bharat radiation, the first generation of gamma, X-ray, and beta, and UV dominant optical emission the second generation takes place from one and the same excited atom in radioisotopes and XRF sources.

M.A. Padmanabha Rao, PhD
Former Professor of Medical Physics, New Delhi, India
raomap@yahoo.com

III.  Discovery Channel - 100 Greatest Discoveries - Physics

raomap

24 October 2010, 07:07

 LATEST SIX FUNDAMENTAL PHYSICSDISCOVERIES OF M.A.Padmanabha Rao
       The website   http://en.giswiki.net/wiki/User_talk:Raomap
       is a key ro explain what are the Six Fundamental Physics Discoveries in the paper published         in a peer reviewed  journal:
PADMANABHA RAO, M. A. UV dominant optical emission newly detected from radioisotopes and XRF  sources. Braz. J. Phys. [online]. 2010, vol.40,
       no.1, pp. 38-46. ISSN 0103-9733.
       [doi: 10.1590/S0103-97332010000100007.] [1]
        http://www.sbfisica.org.br/bjp/files/v40_38.pdf

1. The FIRST EXPERIMENTAL DISCOVERY : UV dominant optical emission from     radioisotopes present as     radiochemicals.
2. The SECOND EXPERIMENTAL DISCOVERY : UV dominant optical emission from     XRF sources present as     salts.
3. The THIRD EXPERIMENTAL DISCOVERY : UV dominant optical emission from     metals at room temperature     when present as radioisotopes or XRF sources.
4. The FOURTH DISCOVERY : Bharat radiation (predicted). I quote from the published     paper, "in order to explain UV emission, it was predicted that
    some eV energies higher than that of UV, termed temporarily as Bharat radiation are     generated within the excited atom, while gamma-, X-, or beta radiation
    passes through core-Coulomb field". For further details, please peruse the paper.
5. The FIFTH DISCOVERY: Bharat radiation causing a new class of Atomic Spectra of     solids (solid radioisotopes and XRF sources) at room temperature. These Atomic     Spectra of solids could be significant breakthrough in the history of atomic     spectroscopy.
6. The SIXTH DISCOVERY: Previously unknown atomic phenomenon explaining how     Bharat radiation, the first generation of gamma, X-ray, and beta, and UV dominant     optical emission the second generation takes place from     from one and the same excited     atom in radioisotopes and XRF sources.

M.A. Padmanabha Rao, PhD
Former Professor of Medical Physics, New Delhi, India
raomap@yahoo.com

Rao Effect  :   University students from Finland recognized the 'Rao effect' (X-ray source emits ) as an important physical phenomenon.  www.students.tut.fi/~viigipuu/link/elmagef/

TRITIUM EMITS EXCLUSIVELY BHARAT RADIATION

The fact that 3H did not show any optical emission validates the atomic phenomenon.  The reason being 3H has only one electron, which is in K-shell. Passage of β-emission through K-shell Coulomb field generates a Bharat photon. However, in the absence of an electron in L-shell, the Bharat photon simply escapes from 3H atom without producing any light photon by valence excitation. Unlike all other radioisotopes tested, 3H proved to be an ideal source of Bharat radiation in the absence of any optical emission. Likewise, Bharat radiation emission alone takes place from highly ionized radionuclides left with a singly filled K shell that can happen in a situation like nuclear fission.

MY COMMENTS ACCEPTED ON TRITIUM IN THE FOLLOWING WEBSITES

New Energy and Fuel
News and Views for Making and Saving Money in New Energy and Fuel

Will There Be Enough Fuel For Fusion?

March 11, 2010 | 7 Comments http://newenergyandfuel.com/http:/newenergyandfuel/com/2010/03/11/will-there-be-enough-fuel-for-fusion/

      I provide here the latest research findings on tritium from paper published in a peer reviewed journal. From within the same excited atoms of radioisotopes and X-ray sources well known as ionizing radiation sources, two non-ionizing radiations were discovered: (1) Bharat radiation emission (predicted) with the energy higher than that of UV at eV level, and (2) UV dominant optical emission that successively follow gamma, X-ray, and beta emissions. Therefore, traditional radioactive decay needed modification, by including Bharat radiation emission (predicted), and then UV dominant optical emission following the gamma, X-ray, and beta emissions. Tritium is essentially known as a weak beta emitter. But now the latest research findings show that tritium is an exception among all other radioisotopes and XRF sources tested, since it emits Bharat radiation (predicted) and not UV dominant optical radiation. In clear words, illustration on tritium beta decay should include Bharat radiation emission, after beta emission.

      A brief phenomenological explanation comprising of two postulates is described in the following, so that a detailed mathematical explanation can follow later. (1) Ionizing radiation, particularly gamma-, X-, or beta radiation energy at keV or MeV level loses energy at eV level while passing through a core-Coulomb field. The loss of energy is reproduced as electromagnetic radiation with the same energy at eV level but higher than that of UV or EUV that the source emits. (2) The energy causes valence excitation resulting into UV dominant atomic spectrum.

      The author was able to verify the validity of this phenomenon when 3H (tritium) did not show any optical emission on keeping a 3H ampoule directly on the quartz window of the bare PMT (9635QB Thorn EMI). The reason being 3H has only one electron, which is in K-shell. Passage of ß-emission through K-shell Coulomb field generates a Bharat photon. However, in the absence of an electron in L-shell, the Bharat photon simply escapes from 3H atom without producing any light photon by valence excitation. Hopefully, this insight might prompt others to verify the author’s experimental finding on 3H. Likewise, Bharat radiation emission alone takes place from highly ionized radionuclides left with a singly filled K shell that can happen in a situation like nuclear fission. Confirmation of this newly predicted Bharat energies higher than that of UV or EUV needs development of a PMT or some other detector sensitive enough in this energy region. While radiation dose to the person exposed to tritirm is expected to be due to beta radiation, now the Bharat radiation emission may raise the dose particularly to skin and outer layers of the body.

 M.A. Padmanabha Rao,
UV dominant optical emission newly detected from radioisotopes and XRF sources,
Brazilian Journal of Physics, Vol.40, no.1, March 2010.
http:// www.sbfisica.org.br/bjp/files/v40_38.pdf .

Someone's comment on my comment:

Fashion on October 28, 2010 8:38 am

Actually informative entry to read on.. I’m genuinely amazed with this content. Searching forward for more information

Friday, April 9, 2010

By: Dave Flessner

By: Pam Sohn

The recently published paper claims Tritium emits Bharat radiation with energy higher than that of UV at eV level.

Brazilian Journal of Physics
version ISSN 0103-9733
Braz. J. Phys. vol.40 no.1 São Paulo Mar. 2010
doi: 10.1590/S0103-97332010000100007

M.A.Padmanabha Rao
UV dominant optical emission newly detected from radioisotopes and XRF sources
www.sbfisica.org.br/bjp/files/v40_38.pdf.

"Tritium: a source of Bharat radiation
The author was able to verify the validity of the phenomenon, when 3H did not show any optical emission on keeping a 3H ampoule directly on the quartz window of the bare PMT (9635QB Thorn EMI). The reason being 3H has only one electron, which is in K-shell. Passage of β-emission through K-shell Coulomb field generates a Bharat photon. However, in the absence of an electron in L-shell, the Bharat photon simply escapes from 3H atom without producing any light photon by valence excitation. Hopefully, this insight might prompt others to verify the author's experimental finding on 3H. Likewise, Bharat radiation emission alone takes place from highly ionized radionuclides left with a singly filled K shell that can happen in a situation like nuclear fission. Confirmation of this newly predicted Bharat energies higher than that of UV or EUV needs development of a PMT or some other detector sensitive enough in this energy region".

M.A.Padmanabha Rao, PhD
Former Professor of Medical Physics
raomap@yahoo.com
Delhi cell Phone : 91-011- 9871257964

Username: raomap | On: September 2, 2010 at 6:16 a.m.

4. Exelon forced to clean up tritium leak at Oyster Creek nuclear plant

http://www.nj.com/business/index.ssf/2010/05/exelon_forced_to_clean_up_trit.html

Published: Friday, May 07, 2010, 12:13 PM     Updated: Monday, May 17, 2010, 2:06 PM

Abby Gruen/The Star-Ledger  

raomap September 02, 2010 at 5:58AM

The recently published paper claims Tritium emits Bharat radiation (predicted) with energy higher than that of UV at eV level.

Brazilian Journal of Physics
version ISSN 0103-9733
Braz. J. Phys. vol.40 no.1 São Paulo Mar. 2010
doi: 10.1590/S0103-97332010000100007

M.A.Padmanabha Rao
UV dominant optical emission newly detected from radioisotopes and XRF sources
www.sbfisica.org.br/bjp/files/v40_38.pdf

"Tritium: a source of Bharat radiation
The author was able to verify the validity of the phenomenon, when 3H did not show any optical emission on keeping a 3H ampoule directly on the quartz window of the bare PMT (9635QB Thorn EMI). The reason being 3H has only one electron, which is in K-shell. Passage of β-emission through K-shell Coulomb field generates a Bharat photon. However, in the absence of an electron in L-shell, the Bharat photon simply escapes from 3H atom without producing any light photon by valence excitation. Hopefully, this insight might prompt others to verify the author's experimental finding on 3H. Likewise, Bharat radiation emission alone takes place from highly ionized radionuclides left with a singly filled K shell that can happen in a situation like nuclear fission. Confirmation of this newly predicted Bharat energies higher than that of UV or EUV needs development of a PMT or some other detector sensitive enough in this energy region".

M.A.Padmanabha Rao, PhD
Former Professor of Medical Physics
raomap@yahoo.com
Delhi cell Phone : 91-011- 9871257964

The current study explains solar EUV, the familiar dark matter and dark radiation.

The experimental evidence that γ-, X-, and β radiations causing UV dominant optical emission from within excited atoms of radioisotopes suggests the possibility for solar γ-, X-, and β radiations causing EUV by the atomic phenomenon described here. On this basis, uranium fission in Sun seemed to be the source for solar γ-, X-, and β radiations causing solar EUV.  If fission truly happens, the fission fragments left over at the site of fission might constitute dark matter. In the context of solar flare, the predicted Bharat radiation causing UV dominant optical radiation from radioisotopes and XRF sources by valence excitation seemed to be the familiar dark radiation from cosmic sources.

COMMENTS ON SOLAR ACTIVITY ARE ACCEPTED IN THE FOLLOWING WEBSITES

NATURE .COM

Published online 6 October 2010 | Nature | doi:10.1038/news.2010.519

Declining solar activity linked to recent warming http://www.nature.com/news/2010/101006/full/news.2010.519.html

The Sun may have caused as much warming as carbon dioxide over three years.

Quirin Schiermeier

M.A. Padmanabha Rao,
UV dominant optical emission newly detected from radioisotopes and XRF sources,
Brazilian Journal of Physics, Vol.40, no.1, March 2010.
http:// www.sbfisica.org.br/bjp/files/v40_38.pdf

The current study has shown for the first time that gamma, characteristic X-ray, and beta emissions cause UV dominant optical emission from within one and the same excited atom of a radioisotope or XRF source by a previously unknown atomic phenomenon described in the paper. In general, atomic spectra of these sources sources exhibited two spectral features (1) UV dominance, and (2) dependence upon ionizing radiation energy. UV dominance is as high as 99.62% at 0.013336 MeV (Rb XRF source), and 98.03% at 0.05954 MeV (gamma, 241-Am), while VIS, and NIR radiation intensities will be correspondingly low, say, 0.37, 0.01% respectively from Rb XRF source, and 1.91%,0.06% from 241- Am . Though UV is predominant in general from ionizing radiation sources, UV falls from 99.62 to 83.36% when energy of maximum abundant ionizing radiation increases from 0.013336 MeV (Rb XRF) to 2.288 MeV (of beta, 90-Y). The UV dips not below 83.36 in any case, from a relatively high energy source. In the current situation, decrease in UV and rise in visible and near infra red radiations between 2004 and 2007 can be due to emission of high energy gamma, X-ray and beta radiations from certain radioisotopes formed by Uranium fission taking place in Sun (refer paper).

M.A. Padmanabha Rao, PhD
Former Professor of Medical Physics, New Delhi, India
raomap@yahoo.  

Posted by: M.A.Padmanabha Rao 2010-10-15 04:16:13 AM

More Auroras Linked to Increased Solar Activity

August 3rd, 2010, 06:41 GMT| By Tudor Vieru

http:// news.softpedia.com/news/More-Auroras-Linked-to-Increased-Solar-Activity-150301.shtml

Comment #1 by: M.A.Padmanabha Rao on 24 Sep 2010, 08:09 GMT

reply to this comment

This is regarding the coronal mass ejection (CME) that occur at the extreme ultraviolet (EUV) wavelength range.

Solar EUV lines are due to radioisotopes produced by Uranium fission, according to the following peer reviewed paper. Radioisotopes cause a new class of room temperature atomic spectra of solids (radioisotopes and X-ray sources) by a previously unknown phenomenon. X-ray sources can be radioisotopes that emit predominantly characteristic X-rays.

M.A. Padmanabha Rao,
UV dominant optical emission newly detected from radioisotopes and XRF sources,
Brazilian Journal of Physics, Vol.40, no.1, March 2010.
http://www.sbfisica.org.br/bjp/files/v40_38.pdf

ABSTRACT
The current paper reports first and definite experimental evidence for gamma-, X-, or beta radiation causing UV dominant optical radiation from (1) radiochemicals such as 131I; (2) XRF sources such as Rb XRF source present as salts; and (3) metal sources such as 57Co, and Cu XRF sources. Due to low quantum yield a need arose to develop two techniques with narrow band optical filters, and sheet polarizers that helped in the successful detection of optical radiation. The metal 57Co spectrum observed at room temperature hinted that it could be optical emission from excited 57Co atoms by a previously unknown phenomenon. In order to explain UV emission, it was predicted that some eV energies higher than that of UV, termed temporarily as Bharat radiation are generated within the excited atom, while gamma-, X-, and beta passes through core-Coulomb field. In turn, the Bharat energy internally produced within the excited atom causes UV dominant high-energy spectrum by valence excitation. As excited atoms become free from surrounding unexcited atoms by valence excitation, room temperature atomic spectra of solid radioisotopes and XRF sources became a possibility. It implies existence of temporary atomic state of solids. The experimental evidence that gamma-, X-, and beta radiations causing UV dominant optical emission from within excited atoms of radioisotopes suggests the possibility for solar gamma-, X-, and ß radiations causing EUV by the atomic phenomenon described here.

M.A. Padmanabha Rao, PhD
Former Professor of Medical Physics, New Delhi, India
raomap@yahoo.com

Satellite data sheds new light on solar cycle http://www.mnn.com/earth-matters/climate-change/stories/satellite-data-sheds-new-light-on-solar-cycle#

The sun warms the Earth more during waning solar cycles, turning scientific understanding on its head and helping to explain extreme weather patterns.

By ReutersWed, Oct 06 2010 at 2:05 PM EST Comments

Satellite data sheds new light on solar cycle

Posted By M.A.Padmanabha rao, PhD - Fri, Oct 15 2010 at 6:35 AM EST

The reported finding by Joann D. Haigh et all "The data, collected by the Sorce satellite between 2004 and 2007, revealed that the intensity of the ultraviolet light in the sun's rays fell by six times more than predicted over that period, while the amount of visible light exceeded expectations" is absolutely correct, according to my experimental findings with radioisotopes and XRF sources (Refer Fig. 3 of the following paper published in a peer reviewed journal):

M.A. Padmanabha Rao,
UV dominant optical emission newly detected from radioisotopes and XRF sources,
Brazilian Journal of Physics, Vol.40, no.1, March 2010.
http://www.sbfisica.org.br/bjp/files/v40_38.pdf

The current study has shown for the first time that gamma, characteristic X-ray, and beta emissions cause UV dominant optical emission from within one and the same excited atom of a radioisotope or XRF source by a previously unknown atomic phenomenon described in the paper. In general, atomic spectra of these sources exhibited two spectral features (1) UV dominance, and (2) dependence upon ionizing radiation energy. UV dominance is as high as 99.62% at 0.013336 MeV (Rb XRF source), and 98.03% at 0.05954 MeV (gamma, 241Am), while %VIS, and NIR radiation intensities will be correspondingly low, say, 0.37%, 0.01% respectively from Rb XRF source, and 1.91%, 0.06% from 241Am . Though UV is predominant in general from ionizing radiation sources, %UV falls from 99.62% to 83.36% when energy of maximum abundant ionizing radiation increases from 0.013336 MeV (Rb XRF) to 2.288 MeV (of beta, 90Y). The %UV dips not below 83.36% in any case, from a relatively high energy source. In the current situation, decrease in UV and rise in visible and near infra red radiations between 2004 and 2007 can be due to emission of high energy gamma, X-ray and beta radiations from certain radioisotopes formed by Uranium fission taking place in Sun (refer paper).

M.A.Padmanabha Rao, PhD
Former Professor of Medical Physics, New Delhi, India. raomap@yahoo.com

The Next Decade of US Space Astronomy

by Julianne

http://blogs.discovermagazine.com/cosmicvariance/2010/08/13/the-next-decade-of-us-space-astronomy/

Regarding X-ray and UV Astronomy with reference to Solar X-rays, EUV:

The phenomenon described in the following paper explains solar EUV

Excerpts from the paper:
Findings of the current experimental study have a direct bearing on solar emissions. There is a similarity in the γ-, X-, β, UV, VIS, and NIR radiation emissions from radioisotopes, XRF sources, and solar flares [14-19]. Therefore, the author has preliminarily reported [3] that solar γ-, X-, or β radiations cause EUV regardless of temperature by the atomic phenomenon described here. On the basis of the current study, it may be worthy of a review of interpretation of solar EUV lines to be of highly ionized atoms at high temperatures, and estimation of solar temperature from EUV line ratios [20-21]. An overall view of published reports suggesting presence of 235U, 238U, and radioisotopes in solar flare indicate that the phenomenon described here could be the most likely cause for Solar EUV emission. For example, as detection of γ, and neutron fission counts helps in finding the presence of uranium [22-23], simultaneous detection of X- rays, γ-rays, and neutrons reported in solar flares [24-27] suggests the presence of uranium in Sun. The hypothesis on likely presence of uranium in Sun derive further strength from the report on uranium content of solar salts [28] and traditional wisdom that 235U and 238U metals in the solar system are formed from previous supernovae. Moreover, presence of activation products such as 56Co, and 24Na in solar flare [29-32] and presence of 7Be in open air after a strong solar wind [33] need to be critically examined to see whether any possibility exists for Uranium fission in Sun. If fission truly happens, the fission fragments left over at the site of fission might constitute dark matter [3].

In the context of solar flare, the predicted Bharat radiation causing UV dominant optical radiation from radioisotopes and XRF sources by valence excitation seemed to be the familiar dark radiation from cosmic sources [3]. As Bharat energies produced internally within an excited atom cause non-thermal valence excitation resulting into UV emission from radioisotopes at room temperature, solar EUV may take place by valence excitation of dark energies from within excited atoms of radioisotopes present in solar flare regardless of temperature. As in the case of the current study, the γ-, X-, or β radiation emissions from radioisotopes formed by fission reaction in Sun cause two more generation of emissions: the predicted dark radiation, which is the same as Bharat radiation followed by EUV. Any how the current experimental study may prompt to examine all these possibilities.

Brazilian Journal of Physics

version ISSN 0103-9733

Braz. J. Phys. vol.40 no.1 São Paulo Mar. 2010

doi: 10.1590/S0103-97332010000100007
http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?pid=S0103-97332010000100007

Posted by: M.A.Padmanabha Rao,PhD | October 24, 2010 2:48 AM

My comments on application of the current research to explain Sun light

NASA extends TIMED mission for fourth time

November 5, 2010

http://scienceblog.com/39953/nasa-extends-timed-mission-for-fourth-time/comment-page-1/#comment-26799 

    M.A.Padmanabha Rao, PhD November 7, 2010 at 1:58 am #

    This comment is on the statement,” To help with this is an instrument called SEE (or the Solar EUV Experiment) built at the University of Colo., which looks at the sun’s x-rays and extreme ultraviolet rays to see how they impact our atmosphere”.  The following paper published in a peer reviewed journal claims that the sun’s X-rays and extreme ultraviolet rays are from radioisotopes (fission fragments) caused by Uranium fission taking place in sun: 

    M.A. Padmanabha Rao,  UV dominant optical emission newly detected from radioisotopes and XRF sources,  Brazilian Journal of Physics, Vol.40, no.1, March 2010.   http:// www.sbfisica.org.br/bjp/files/v40_38.pdf .  

    Due to nuclear fission, one after another the core electrons get knocked out of excited atoms in radioisotopes resulting into characteristic X-ray emission in Sun. Gamma, X-ray, and beta emissions from fission fragments cause dark radiation, (predicted) with the energy higher than that of UV at eV level, which inturn causes UV dominant optical emission from within the one and same excited atom by a previously unknown atomic phenomenon described in the paper. Therefore, the current sub-atomic research with radioisotopes and XRF sources suggests that the sun’s X-rays and EUV are from radioisotopes, in other words, fission fragments. The Earth seemed to attract EUV, and UV more towards at North and South poles due to its high gravity, while the visible light, near infrared and infrared radiations are attracted towards tropical countries like India due to low gravity.

  Press Release

NASA extends TIMED mission for fourth time

http://www.labspaces.net/107525/NASA_extends_TIMED_mission_for_fourth_time

http://www.labspaces.net/view_news_comments.php?newsID=107525&success=1#commentMessage

 
M.A.Padmanabha Rao, PhD

Wed, Nov 10, 2010, 11:08 pm CST

My comment is exclusively on the statement, "To help with this is an instrument called SEE (or the Solar EUV Experiment) built at the University of Colo., which looks at the sun's x-rays and extreme ultraviolet rays to see how they impact our atmosphere".  Most significantly, the Sun light that we receive everyday is mainly due to solar gamma, X-ray, and beta emissions. My sub-atomic research done for nearly 21 years with radioisotopes and XRF sources has disclosed that gamma, characteristic X-ray, and beta emissions cause UV (dominant), visible light (VIS), and near infrared (NIR) radiations from within one and same excite atom of a radioisotope or XRF source by a previously unknown atomic phenomenon described in the following paper published in a peer reviewed journal. The dominant UV exceeds 84% of the gross optical intensity from radioisotopes (Table 1), while the rest 16% is shared by VIS and NIR radiations. There is a similarity in the gamma-, X-ray, beta, UV, VIS, and NIR radiation emissions from radioisotopes, XRF sources, and solar flares. The experimental findings hinted that radioisotopes present in Sun could be the source for gamma, characteristic X-ray, beta emissions, which inturn cause EUV, UV, VIS, NIR, and IR radiations at room temperature by the new atomic phenomenon. Also shown a strong possibility for Uranium fission in Sun causing radioisotopes (fission fragments). The uranium fission reaction (nuclear explosion) appears as solar flare. Earth seems to play a crucial role in attracting more of EUV and UV radiations towards its poles and VIS, NIR,and IR radiations towards Equator.

M.A. Padmanabha Rao,
UV dominant optical emission newly detected from radioisotopes and XRF sources,
Brazilian Journal of Physics, Vol.40, no.1, March 2010.
http:// www.sbfisica.org.br/bjp/files/v40_38.pdf .

Science News : Home http://www.sciencenews.org/view/generic/id/61961/title/Warning_for_solar_flares

Warning for solar flares

Microwave bursts may serve as warning shots

By Sid Perkins

August 28th, 2010; Vol.178 #5 (p. 13

I wish to add latest research results on the solar activity mentioned in the news: " During periods of intense solar activity, immense clouds of radiation and charged particles erupt from the sun’s surface". The following paper describes that solar storm consisting of charged particles, gamma rays, X-rays, and EUV arise from radioisotopes produced by Uranium fission. Gamma-, X-, and beta radiations causing UV dominant optical emission from within excited atoms of radioisotopes suggests the possibility for solar gamma-, X-, and beta radiations causing EUV by the atomic phenomenon described in the paper. Solar EUV lines reported by various researchers are actually due to radioisotopes produced by Uranium fission taking place in Sun. Radioisotopes produced in Sun cause a new class of room temperature atomic spectra of solids (radioisotopes and X-ray sources) by a previously unknown phenomenon. X-ray sources can be radioisotopes that emit predominantly characteristic X-rays.

M.A. Padmanabha Rao,
UV dominant optical emission newly detected from radioisotopes and XRF sources,
Brazilian Journal of Physics, Vol.40, no.1, March 2010.

ABSTRACT
The current paper reports first and definite experimental evidence for gamma-, X-, or beta radiation causing UV dominant optical radiation from (1) radiochemicals such as 131I; (2) XRF sources such as Rb XRF source present as salts; and (3) metal sources such as 57Co, and Cu XRF sources. Due to low quantum yield a need arose to develop two techniques with narrow band optical filters, and sheet polarizers that helped in the successful detection of optical radiation. The metal 57Co spectrum observed at room temperature hinted that it could be optical emission from excited 57Co atoms by a previously unknown phenomenon. In order to explain UV emission, it was predicted that some eV energies higher than that of UV, termed temporarily as Bharat radiation are generated within the excited atom, while gamma-, X-, and beta passes through core-Coulomb field. In turn, the Bharat energy internally produced within the excited atom causes UV dominant high-energy spectrum by valence excitation. As excited atoms become free from surrounding unexcited atoms by valence excitation, room temperature atomic spectra of solid radioisotopes and XRF sources became a possibility. It implies existence of temporary atomic state of solids. The experimental evidence that gamma-, X-, and beta radiations causing UV dominant optical emission from within excited atoms of radioisotopes suggests the possibility for solar gamma-, X-, and beta radiations causing EUV by the atomic phenomenon described here.

M.A.Padmanabha Rao M.A.Padmanabha Rao

Sep. 27, 2010 at 3:20am

CROSS REFERENCE

http://pusatpromo.com/search/x+calss+solar+flare+imminent

Warning For Solar Flares - Science News
IGUASSU FALLS, Brazil — Fluctuating bursts of microwave energy from the sun could provide imminent warning of the huge solar flares known as coronal mass ejections, new research hints. Radioisotopes produced in Sun cause a new class of room temperature atomic spectra of solids (radioisotopes and X-ray sources) by a previously unknown phenomenon. X-ray sources can be radioisotopes that emit predominantly characteristic X-rays. M.A. Padmanabha Rao,
www.sciencenews.org/view/generic/id/61961/title/Warning_for_solar_flares

SOLAR FISSION

The published paper claims that the Sun light may be due to Uranium fission

“Moreover, presence of activation products  such as 56Co, and 24Na in solar flare [ References 29-32 in the published paper] and presence of 7Be in open air after a strong solar wind [ Reference 33] need to be  critically examined to see whether any possibility exists for Uranium fission in Sun”.

The new information on Uranium fission causing Sun light was accepted as comments:

Seven Amazing Breakthroughs in Physics This Year

http://justinwrites.wordpress.com/2010/05/03/seven-amazing-breakthroughs-in-physics-this-year/

Posted by justinwrites on May 3, 2010 · 1 Comment 

One Response to “Seven Amazing Breakthroughs in Physics This Year”  

    M.A.Padmanabha Rao,PhD says:

    October 24, 2010 at 2:59 AM

    My comment is on ” Levitating Magnet Points to Nuclear Fusion”. I congratulate the team of scientists for the exciting research work done. Previously , scientists widely believed that the Sun light is due to fusion. Solar EUV lines are due to radioisotopes produced by Uranium fission, according to the following peer reviewed paper. Radioisotopes cause a new class of room temperature atomic spectra of solids (radioisotopes and X-ray sources) by a previously unknown phenomenon. X-ray sources can be radioisotopes that emit predominantly characteristic X-rays. There is a similarity in the gamma-, X- , beta , UV, VIS, and NIR radiation emissions from radioisotopes, XRF sources, and solar flares. The experimental findings hinted that radioisotopes present in Sun could be the source for gamma, X-ray, beta, EUV radiations. Also shown a strong possibility for Uranium fission in Sun causing radioisotopes (fission fragments). The uranium fission reaction (nuclear explosion) appears as solar flare. If fission truly happens, the fission fragments left over at the site of fission might constitute dark matter. In the context of solar flare, the predicted Bharat radiation with energy higher than that of UV at eV level produced by gamma, X-ray or beta radiation within the excited atom by a previously unknown atomic phenomenon seemed to be the familiar dark radiation. In simple words, dark matter emits dark radiation. As Bharat energies produced internally within an excited atom cause non-thermal valence excitation resulting into UV emission from radioisotopes at room temperature, Solar EUV may take place by valence excitation of dark energies from within excited atoms of radioisotopes present in solar flare regardless of temperature. Radioisotopes produced in the Sun emit a new class of “Room Temperature Atomic Spectra of Solids” (solid radioisotopes or XRF sources). In clear words, the solar EUV can be produced even at normal temperature from radioisotopes. Tritium and other highly ionized fission fragments left with a singly filled orbit emit only the Dark (Bharat) radiation but not UV dominant optical emission. As in the case of the current study, the gamma-, X-, or beta radiation emissions from radioisotopes formed by fission reaction (dark matter) in Sun cause two more generation of emissions: the predicted dark radiation, which is the same as Bharat radiation followed by EUV or UV dominant optical emission.

    M.A. Padmanabha Rao, PhD
    UV dominant optical emission newly detected from radioisotopes and XRF sources”
    Brazilian Journal of Physics, Vol.40, no.1, March 2010. http://www.sbfisica.org.br/bjp/files/v40_38.pdf

     

Posted on October 15, 2010 by Anthony Watts

From: SOHO sheds new light on solar flares

ESA Science & Technology

M.A. Padmanabha Rao, PhD says:

October 19, 2010 at 10:14 am

My comment is regarding the two sentences, “Flares are sudden energy releases in the Sun’s atmosphere that occur when the solar magnetic field is locally unstable. …. At such sizzling temperatures, much of their radiation is emitted as X-rays”.
The following paper describes that solar flare consisting of charged particles, gamma rays, X-rays, and EUV arise from radioisotopes produced by Uranium fission. Gamma-, X-, and beta radiations cause UV dominant optical emission from within excited atoms of radioisotopes suggesting the possibility for solar gamma-, X-, and ß radiations causing EUV by the atomic phenomenon described in the paper. Radioisotopes produced in the Sun emit a new class of “Room Temperature Atomic Spectra of Solids” (solid radioisotopes or XRF sources). Previously, various researchers reported that the solar EUV lines are from stable isotopes at high temperature, but the current study suggests that solar EUV lines are actually due to radioisotopes produced by Uranium fission taking place in Sun. Since Uranium fission fragments (radioisotopes) left over on the Sun constitute Dark Matter, the dark matter can be detected through gamma rays, X-rays or beta particles. The excited atoms in fission fragments temporarily remain in atomic state and can cause atomic spectra even at room temperature. Radioisotope or X-ray source emit two more successive radiations following gamma, X-ray or beta: (1) Bharat radiation (predicted) with energy higher than that of UV at eV level, and (2) UV dominant optical emission. The paper also explains how a previously unknown atomic phenomenon causes Bharat radiation, which in turn causes UV dominant optical emission from within an excited atom of these sources. Dark Radiation emitted by dark matter in the Sun has been attributed to Bharat radiation. In the case of nuclear fission, radioisotopes may get highly ionized and will be left with singly filled orbit like Tritium. Such highly ionized radioisotopes emit only the Bharat radiation but not UV dominant optical emission. X-rays observed from Sun can be from radioisotopes that emit predominantly characteristic X-rays. In nut shell, solar flare not only consists of neutrons, protons, gamma, X-ray, beta, EUV, UV, visible, and infra red radiations but also Bharat radiation,.

M.A. Padmanabha Rao,
UV dominant optical emission newly detected from radioisotopes and XRF sources,
Brazilian Journal of Physics, Vol.40, no.1, March 2010.
http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?pid=S0103-97332010000100007&script=sci_arttext

A Massive Winter Heading for the Northern Hemisphere?  

by M.A.Padmanabha Rao - 09/24/2010 - 00:41

http://www.landscheidt.info/?q=node/189

 Solar EUV lines are due to radioisotopes produced by Uranium fission, according to the following peer reviewed paper. Radioisotopes cause a new class of room temperature atomic spectra of solids (radioisotopes and X-ray sources) by a previously unknown phenomenon.  X-ray sources can be radioisotopes that emit predominantly characteristic X-rays.  

M.A. Padmanabha Rao, 

UV dominant optical emission newly detected from radioisotopes and XRF sources, 

Brazilian Journal of Physics, Vol.40, no.1, March 2010.

http://www.sbfisica.org.br/bjp/files/v40_38.pdf

ABSTRACT

The current paper reports first and definite experimental evidence for gamma-, X-, or beta radiation causing UV dominant optical radiation from (1) radiochemicals such as 131I; (2) XRF sources such as Rb XRF source present as salts; and (3) metal sources such as 57Co, and Cu XRF sources. Due to low quantum yield a need arose to develop two techniques with narrow band optical filters, and sheet polarizers that helped in the successful detection of optical radiation. The metal 57Co spectrum observed at room temperature hinted that it could be optical emission from excited 57Co atoms by a previously unknown phenomenon. In order to explain UV emission, it was predicted that some eV energies higher than that of UV, termed temporarily as Bharat radiation are generated within the excited atom, while gamma-, X-, and beta passes through core-Coulomb field. In turn, the Bharat energy internally produced within the excited atom causes UV dominant high-energy spectrum by valence excitation. As excited atoms become free from surrounding unexcited atoms by valence excitation, room temperature atomic spectra of solid radioisotopes and XRF sources became a possibility. It implies existence of temporary atomic state of solids. The experimental evidence that gamma-, X-, and beta radiations causing UV dominant optical emission from within excited atoms of radioisotopes suggests the possibility for solar gamma-, X-, and ß radiations causing EUV by the atomic phenomenon described here.

M.A. Padmanabha Rao, PhD

Former Professor of Medical Physics, New Delhi, India

raomap@yahoo.com 

 

The Young Astronomers 

October 13, 2010

The Smothered Supernova

http://ya.astroleague.org/?p=2004

M.A. Padmanabha Rao, PhD

Oct 19 2010

My comment is regarding the sentence, “it is unusual in that the vast majority of the energy released in the six-month flare up in the event was in the IR radiation band”. My experimental research has shown for the first time that gamma, characteristic X-ray, and beta emissions cause UV dominant optical emission from within one and the same excited atom of a radioisotope or XRF source by a previously unknown atomic phenomenon described in the following paper.

M.A. Padmanabha Rao,
UV dominant optical emission newly detected from radioisotopes and XRF sources,
Brazilian Journal of Physics, Vol.40, no.1, March 2010.
http://www.sbfisica.org.br/bjp/files/v40_38.pdf

In general, the new class of atomic spectra of these solid sources exhibited two spectral features (1) UV dominance, and (2) dependence upon ionizing radiation energy. Though UV is predominant in general from ionizing radiation sources, %UV falls from 99.62% to 83.36% when energy of maximum abundant ionizing radiation increases from 0.013336 MeV (Rb XRF) to 2.288 MeV (of beta, 90Y). The %UV dips not below 83.36% in any case, from a relatively high energy radioisotope or XRF source (Table 1 of the paper). However, when energy of gamma, X-ray, and beta exceeds 14 MeV, they cause exclusively visible light and near infra red radiation from one and the same excited atom (refer Fig.3 of the paper). In the current situation, the cloud in the IR radiation band can be due to gamma, X-ray, and beta emissions with energy exceeding 14 MeV from Supernova.

M.A. Padmanabha Rao, PhD
Former Professor of Medical Physics, New Delhi, India
raomap@yahoo.com

PeterC

Oct 19 2010

Hello Dr. Rao,
I fully admit that I do not fully comprehend the advanced nuclear Physics set out in your comment and paper, I think you are saying that it is possible for the I-R emission to be a result of the absorption and remission of gamma and x-rays within the dust cloud surrounding the supernova. If this indeed (in simple terms) what you were describing it is good to hear that the conclusions of the astrophysicists’ (which agree with your experimental results) have practical backing.

Peter

Astronomer fears apocalypse 2012 is true

http://www.deccanchronicle.com/national/astronomer-fears-apocalypse-2012-true-507

September 20th, 2010

DC Correspondent

Submitted by M.A. Padmanabha Rao, PhD on Mon, 27/09/2010 - 11:57am.

I wish to add latest research results to what has been mentioned on the solar wind: “The solar wind is a stream of charged particles that blow out of the corona of the Sun at supersonic speeds to the outer reaches of the planetary orbits,” explains Prof. Raman, head of Indian Institute of Astrophysics, Kodaikanal”. The following paper describes that solar wind consisting of charged particles, gamma rays, X-rays, and EUV arise from radioisotopes produced by Uranium fission. Gamma-, X-, and beta radiations causing UV dominant optical emission from within excited atoms of radioisotopes suggests the possibility for solar gamma-, X-, and beta radiations causing EUV by the atomic phenomenon described in the paper. Solar EUV lines reported by various researchers are actually due to radioisotopes produced by Uranium fission taking place in Sun. Radioisotopes produced in Sun cause a new class of room temperature atomic spectra of solids (radioisotopes and X-ray sources) by a previously unknown phenomenon. Solar X-ray sources can be radioisotopes that emit predominantly characteristic X-rays.

M.A. Padmanabha Rao,
UV dominant optical emission newly detected from radioisotopes and XRF sources,
Brazilian Journal of Physics, Vol.40, no.1, March 2010.

ABSTRACT
The current paper reports first and definite experimental evidence for gamma-, X-, or beta radiation causing UV dominant optical radiation from (1) radiochemicals such as 131I; (2) XRF sources such as Rb XRF source present as salts; and (3) metal sources such as 57Co, and Cu XRF sources. Due to low quantum yield a need arose to develop two techniques with narrow band optical filters, and sheet polarizers that helped in the successful detection of optical radiation. The metal 57Co spectrum observed at room temperature hinted that it could be optical emission from excited 57Co atoms by a previously unknown phenomenon. In order to explain UV emission, it was predicted that some eV energies higher than that of UV, termed temporarily as Bharat radiation are generated within the excited atom, while gamma-, X-, and beta passes through core-Coulomb field. In turn, the Bharat energy internally produced within the excited atom causes UV dominant high-energy spectrum by valence excitation. As excited atoms become free from surrounding unexcited atoms by valence excitation, room temperature atomic spectra of solid radioisotopes and XRF sources became a possibility. It implies existence of temporary atomic state of solids. The experimental evidence that gamma-, X-, and beta radiations causing UV dominant optical emission from within excited atoms of radioisotopes suggests the possibility for solar gamma-, X-, and ß radiations causing EUV by the atomic phenomenon described here.

Sun's Role in Warming the Planet May Be Overstated, Study Finds

 The discovery could help explain why Europe can have cold winters while the world as a whole is heating up

http://solveclimatenews.com/news/20101007/suns-role-warming-planet-may-be-overstated-study-finds

by Damian Carrington, Guardian Oct 7, 2010

Submitted by M.A.Padmanabha Rao, PhD (not verified) on October 18, 2010 - 12:33am.

This is to give a clear view to my comment given on 13th October 2010 regarding the finding of Joann D. Haigh et all on sun's rays between 2004 and 2007.
The current study (Brazilian Journal of Physics, Vol.40, no.1, March 2010) has shown for the first time that gamma, characteristic X-ray, and beta emissions cause UV dominant optical emission from within one and the same excited atom of a radioisotope or XRF source by a previously unknown atomic phenomenon described in the paper. In general, atomic spectra of these sources sources exhibited two spectral features (1) UV dominance, and (2) dependence upon ionizing radiation energy. UV dominance is as high as 99.62% at 0.013336 MeV (Rb XRF source), and 98.03% at 0.05954 MeV (gamma, 241Am), while VIS, and NIR radiation intensities will be correspondingly low, say, 0.37, 0.01% respectively from Rb XRF source, and 1.91%,0.06% from 241Am . Though UV is predominant in general from ionizing radiation sources, UV falls from 99.62 to 83.36% when energy of maximum abundant ionizing radiation increases from 0.013336 MeV (Rb XRF) to 2.288 MeV (of beta, 90Y). The UV dips not below 83.36 in any case, from a relatively high energy source. In the current situation, decrease in UV and rise in visible and near infra red radiations between 2004 and 2007 can be due to emission of high energy gamma, X-ray and beta radiations from certain radioisotopes formed by Uranium fission taking place in Sun (refer paper).

M.A. Padmanabha Rao, PhD

Submitted by M.A.Padmanabha rao, PhD (not verified) on October 13, 2010 - 6:06am.

 Sun’s role in warming the planet may be overestimated, study finds

http://www.bnbtimes.com/general/suns-role-warming-planet-overestimated-study-finds/

Submitted by naren

Comment (1)

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M.A. Padmanabha Rao, PhD · 4 weeks ago

My experimental findings with radioisotopes and XRF sources support the reported finding "The data, collected by the Sorce satellite between 2004 and 2007, revealed that the intensity of the ultraviolet light in the sun's rays fell by six times more than predicted over that period, while the amount of visible light exceeded expectations" as absolutely correct. This can be evident from Fig.3 of the following paper published in a peer reviewed journal:

M.A. Padmanabha Rao,
UV dominant optical emission newly detected from radioisotopes and XRF sources,
Brazilian Journal of Physics, Vol.40, no.1, March 2010.
http://www.sbfisica.org.br/bjp/files/v40_38.pdf

According to Fig.3, at low ionizing radiation energy, whether it is of radioisotope or XRF source, the percent UV emission in the gross light intensity [ultraviolet (UV), visible (VIS), and near infra red (NIR) radiations together] is much higher than VIS and NIR radiations. In the current situation, decrease in UV and rise in visible and near infra red radiations since 2004 can be due to two reasons. 1. It can be due to emission of low energy gamma, X-ray and beta radiations from certain radioisotopes present in Sun that predominantly emit gamma, characteristic X-rays, or beta radiations. The following sentence quoted from the paper explains that the observed EUV and visible light is due to radioisotopes present in the Sun. "The experimental evidence that gamma-, X-, and beta radiations causing UV dominant optical emission from within excited atoms of radioisotopes suggests the possibility for solar gamma-, X-, and beta radiations causing EUV by the atomic phenomenon described here." The uranium fission taking place in Sun is shown responsible for fission fragments (radioisotopes). Gamma, characteristic X-ray, and beta emissions from radioisotopes formed by nuclear fission cause EUV and visible light (VIS) and near infrared (NIR) radiations from one and the same excited atoms by a previously unknown atomic phenomenon described in the paper.

2. Rise in gravitational force, if any, during the period of observation also can attract high energy radiations both ionizing (including gamma, X-ray, and beta) and non ionizing radiation like EUV or UV. How gravitational force acts on radiation and matter is explained in the following. In physics, some missing gaps still exist. My experimental and subatomic research with radioisotopes and XRF sources has revealed that beta does not exhibit its well known particle behavior within an excited atom of a radioisotope or X-ray source. I believe when beta escapes from an excited atom, beta acquires mass due to Earth's gravitational attraction. It is because gravitational force shows attraction on both matter and radiation. For example, abundant cosmic radiation from Sun such as gamma, X-ray, beta, as well as EUV at North and South poles are due to attraction by Earth’s high gravitational force. In tropical countries such as India relatively less energetic radiations including visible light and infra red radiation from Sun are due to Earth’s relatively low gravitational force. All such examples lead to an entirely new concept that both matter (such as electrons, protons, neutrons) and radiation (conceptually both photons and waves) consist of three components: (a) electric, (b) magnetic, and (c) gravitational forces. In a particular situation only one component is in excess, so influences accordingly on electron or photon. This needs a detailed explanation.

COMMENTS ON DARK MATTER

In the published paper, the puzzling Dark matter is precisely defined as fission fragments left over at the site of fission in Sun.

  Page 45:

If fission truly happens, the fission fragments left over at the site of fission might constitute dark matter[Reference  3].

  The new information on Dark matter are accepted as comments:

Dark matter stays dark - May 04, 2010

http://blogs.nature.com/news/thegreatbeyond/2010/05/dark_matter_stays_dark.html

Uranium fission fragments constitute Dark Matter, according to the following paper: M.A.Padmanabha Rao,
UV dominant optical emission newly detected from radioisotopes and XRF source, Brazilian Journal of Physics, Vol.40, no.1, March 2010.

Posted by: Dr.M.A.Padmanabha Rao | September 8, 2010 06:08 PM

http://current.com/news/92634850_black-holes-dark-matter-light-space-27-august-2010-new-scientist.htm

Black holes dark matter = light - space - 27 August 2010 - New Scientist

source: http://www.newscientist.com/article/mg20727753.800-black-holes--dark-matter--light.html

MY COMMENT

raomap  
Uranium fission fragments constitute Dark Matter in SUN, according to the following paper:

M.A. Padmanabha Rao
UV dominant optical emission newly detected from radioisotopes and XRF sources” Brazilian Journal of Physics, Vol.40, no.1, March 2010.
http:// www.sbfisica.org.br/bjp/files/v40_38.pdf.

Integral disproves dark matter origin for mystery radiation

http://www.scientificamerican.com/article.cfm?id=integral-disproves-dark-matter-orig

A team of researchers working with data from ESA's Integral gamma-ray observatory has disproved theories that some form of dark matter explains mysterious radiation in the Milky Way.

July 22, 2009

6. raomap 02:32 AM 9/28/10

For the first time, the Dark matter that exists in the Sun has been clearly defined in the following peer reviewed paper. Uranium fission fragments left over on the Sun constitute Dark Matter. Therefore, the dark matter can be detected through gamma rays, X-rays or beta particles, according to the following paper.
Radioisotope or X-ray source emit two more successive radiations following gamma, X-ray or beta particle: (1) Bharat radiation (predicted) with energy higher than that of UV at eV level, and (2) UV dominant optical emission from one and the same excited atom. The paper also explains how a previously unknown atomic phenomenon causes Bharat radiation, which in turn causes UV dominant optical emission from within an excited atom of these sources. Dark Radiation emitted by dark matter in the Sun has been attributed to Bharat radiation. Tritium is an exception that it will emit only the Bharat radiation but not UV dominant optical emission. X-ray sources can be radioisotopes that emit predominantly characteristic X-rays.

M.A. Padmanabha Rao,
UV dominant optical emission newly detected from radioisotopes and XRF sources,
Brazilian Journal of Physics, Vol.40, no.1, March 2010.
http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?pid=S0103-97332010000100007&script=sci_arttext

M.A. Padmanabha Rao, PhD
Former Professor of Medical Physics, New Delhi, India
raomap@yahoo.com

October 27, 2010

Milky Way's Core: New Theory Says It's a "Massive Dark-Matter Collider"

http://www.dailygalaxy.com/my_weblog/2010/10/

milky-ways-core-yields-strong-evidence-of-dark-matter.html

Comments

 I agree with the statement "Like normal matter, dark matter has gravitational pull, helping to glue billions of stars together into galaxies. But it’s called dark for a reason: The stuff hardly interacts with normal matter, making it invisible". Here I made an attempt to clarify what is dark matter and energy. For the first time, dark matter in the Sun has been clearly defined as the Uranium fission fragments left over on the Sun, in the following peer reviewed paper. Therefore, dark matter can be detected from distance through gamma rays, X-rays, EUV or UV. It is justified to be addressed as dark matter. First of all, it cannot be seen or detected through visible light. Secondly, dark matter emits dark radiation with energy higher than that of UV at eV level. As the Dark renergy lies in between that of X-ray and UV, it cannot be detected by the currently available light sensors like photomultiplier tube. My sub-atomic research lasted for 21 years with radioisotopes and XRF sources led to these conclusions on dark matter and dark energy. In the context of solar flare, the predicted Bharat radiation causing UV dominant optical radiation from within excited atoms of radioisotopes by valence excitation seemed to be the familiar dark radiation from cosmic sources. As Bharat energies produced internally within an excited atom cause non-thermal valence excitation resulting into UV emission from radioisotopes at room temperature, solar EUV may take place by valence excitation of dark energies from within excited atoms of radioisotopes present in solar flare regardless of temperature. Radioisotopes, predominantly emit gamma, characteristic X-ray or beta radiation, produced in Sun cause a new class of room temperature atomic spectra of solids (radioisotopes and X-ray sources) by a previously unknown phenomenon. As in the case of the current study, the gamma-, X-, or beta radiation emissions from radioisotopes formed by fission reaction in Sun cause two more generation of emissions: the predicted dark radiation,which is the same as Bharat radiation followed by EUV. Bharat radiation emission alone takes place without accompanying UV dominant optical emission from highly ionized radionuclides left with a singly filled K shell such as tritium that can happen in a situation like nuclear fission. It is the dark matter that emits ionizing radiations (cosmic radiations) followed by dark radiation and UV dominant optical radiation. In conclusion it is the dark matter that gives us Sun light.

M.A. Padmanabha Rao,
UV dominant optical emission newly detected from radioisotopes and XRF sources,
Brazilian Journal of Physics, Vol.40, no.1, March 2010.
http:// www.sbfisica.org.br/bjp/files/v40_38.pdf

Posted by: M.A.Padmanabha Rao, PhD | October 28, 2010 at 11:36 AM

This is to further clarify various aspects of viewing and detection of dark matter, which constitutes Uranium fission fragments (Brazilian Journal of Physics, Vol.40, no.1, March 2010) mentioned in my previous comment on October 27, 2010. Satellite images show nuclear fallout as solar flare, sometimes as whirl or spiral. Fission products (radioisotopes), neutrons, as well as gamma, X-ray, beta, EUV radiations released as a result of fission are attracted towards Earth, more towards North and South poles due to intense gravity. Gamma, X-ray, and beta emissions further cause (1) dark radiation with dark energy higher than that of UV at eV level, which in turn causes (2) UV, visible, and near infrared radiations from one and the same excited atom of radioisotopes. The dominant UV from radioisotopes (excluding those like tritium with singly filled orbit) crosses 83% while visible and infrared radiations share the rest 17% in the gross optical intensity (Refer Fig.3 in my paper). As many as 28 UV photons produced out of a single Rb X-ray within an excited atom in Rb XRF source could be detected, when gain of the bare photomultiplier 9635QB Thorn EMI was set to be slightly high. During fission, core electrons in the excited atoms of fission fragments are knocked out one after another resulting into abundant production of characteristic X-rays. That is why satellite images of Solar flare became successful through UV or X-ray and not through visible and infrared radiations, which suffer from low intensity and too much of scattering. Satellite images simply direct the location of dark material on the Sun.

M.A. Padmanabha Rao, PhD

Posted by: M.A.Padmanabha Rao,PhD | November 01, 2010 at 01:47 AM

 

CROSS REFERENCE

Milky Way's Core: New Theory Says It's a "Massive Dark-Matter Collider"

http://www.righthealth.com/topic/EUV/Opinions-and-Discussions

[...] from distance through gamma rays, X-rays, EUV or UV. It is justified to [...] emission from radioisotopes at room temperature, solar EUV may take place by valence excitation [...] same as Bharat radiation followed by EUV. Bharat radiation emission alone takes place [...] full comment

15 days ago

Read more: http://www.righthealth.com/topic/EUV/Opinions-and-Discussions#ixzz155Xp3MNx

Dark matter gets an even bigger question mark

 Tue, 06/22/2010 - 11:56 — Ben Gilliland

  http://www.cosmonline.co.uk/blog/2010/06/22/dark-matter-gets-even-bigger-question-mark

.M.A.Padmanabha Rao (not verified) - 09/28/2010 - 06:48                  Nemo's picture         

For the first time, Dark Matter in the Sun has been clearly defined in the following peer reviewed paper. Uranium fission fragments left over on the Sun constitute Dark Matter. Therefore, the dark matter can be detected through gamma rays, X-rays or beta particles, according to the following paper. Radioisotope or X-ray source emit two more successive radiations following gamma, X-ray or beta particle: (1) Bharat radiation (predicted) with energy higher than that of UV at eV level, and (2) UV dominant optical emission. The paper also explains how a previously unknown atomic phenomenon causes Bharat radiation, which in turn causes UV dominant optical emission from within an excited atom of these sources. Dark Radiation emitted by dark matter in the Sun has been attributed to Bharat radiation. Tritium is an exception that it will emit only the Bharat radiation but not UV dominant optical emission. X-ray sources can be radioisotopes that emit predominantly characteristic X-rays.

M.A. Padmanabha Rao,
UV dominant optical emission newly detected from radioisotopes and XRF sources,
Brazilian Journal of Physics, Vol.40, no.1, March 2010.
http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?pid=S0103-97332010000100007&script=sci_a...

ABSTRACT
The current paper reports first and definite experimental evidence for gamma-, X-, or beta radiation causing UV dominant optical radiation from (1) radiochemicals such as 131I; (2) XRF sources such as Rb XRF source present as salts; and (3) metal sources such as 57Co, and Cu XRF sources. Due to low quantum yield a need arose to develop two techniques with narrow band optical filters, and sheet polarizers that helped in the successful detection of optical radiation. The metal 57Co spectrum observed at room temperature hinted that it could be optical emission from excited 57Co atoms by a previously unknown phenomenon. In order to explain UV emission, it was predicted that some eV energies higher than that of UV, termed temporarily as Bharat radiation are generated within the excited atom, while gamma-, X-, and beta passes through core-Coulomb field. In turn, the Bharat energy internally produced within the excited atom causes UV dominant high-energy spectrum by valence excitation. As excited atoms become free from surrounding unexcited atoms by valence excitation, room temperature atomic spectra of solid radioisotopes and XRF sources became a possibility. It implies existence of temporary atomic state of solids. The experimental evidence that gamma-, X-, and beta radiations causing UV dominant optical emission from within excited atoms of radioisotopes suggests the possibility for solar gamma-, X-, and ß radiations causing EUV by the atomic phenomenon described here.

M.A. Padmanabha Rao, PhD
Former Professor of Medical Physics, New Delhi, India
raomap@yahoo.com

  Detecting Dark Matter Through Gamma Rays

August 28th, 2010, 09:47 GMT| By Tudor Vieru

http://news.softpedia.com/news/Detecting-Dark-Matter-Through-Gamma-Rays-154123.shtml

User opinions:


Comment #1 by: raomap on 12 Sep 2010, 16:20 GMT

reply to this comment

It is true that the Dark Matter can be detected well through gamma rays, since Uranium fission fragments constitute dark Matter, according to the following paper:

M.A. Padmanabha Rao,
UV dominant optical emission newly detected from radioisotopes and XRF sources”
Brazilian Journal of Physics, Vol.40, no.1, March 2010.
http://www.sbfisica.org.br/bjp/files/v40_38.pdf.

August 30, 2010

Supermassive Black Holes Interacting With Dark Matter Observed from Earth

http://www.dailygalaxy.com/my_weblog/2010/08/supermassive-black-holes-interacting-with-dark-matter-may-be-visible-from-earth.html

COMMENT

One thing is true that the Dark Matter can be detected through gamma rays, since Uranium fission fragments constitute Dark Matter according to the following paper. Dark radiation is described as Bharat Radiation (predicted) with energy higher than that of UV at eV level.

UV dominant optical emission newly detected from radioisotopes and XRF sources, Brazilian Journal of Physics, Vol.40, no.1, March 2010. http://www.sbfisica.org.br/bjp/files/v40_38.pdf.

Key words
Dark radiation, Bharat radiation, Radiation dose data, Nuclear Medicine patients, radiopharmaceuticals, 99mTc, 131I, 201Tl, diagnostic X-ray tubes, skin erythema, Teletherapy treatment, Dark matter, fission fragments, solar flare, Uranium fission in Sun, activation products, 56Co, and 24Na in solar flare , Solar EUV emission, gamma-, X-, ß, UV, VIS, and NIR radiation emissions, radioisotopes, XRF sources, solar flares, solar gamma-, X-, or ß radiations, solar EUV, room temperature, new atomic phenomenon, atomic spectroscopy, UV, VIS, NIR radiations, sheet polarizers, narrow band optical filters, AMC 2084, Thorn/ EMI 9635 QB, gamma ray spectrometer, electromagnetic spectrum, core electron, core excitation, valence excitation, core coulomb space, fluorescent emission, luminescence, incandescence.

Posted by: M.A. Padmanabha Rao | September 12, 2010 at 09:34 AM

dark matter Eldorado

Nearby galaxy holds record for densest concentration of mysterious mass

Posted: August 2, 2010

By Ron Cowen, Science News

            
DARK MATTER

Uranium fission fragments in Sun constitute dark matter, according to the following research paper:

M.A. Padmanabha Rao

UV dominant optical emission newly detected from radioisotopes and XRF source,

Brazilian Journal of Physics, Vol.40, no.1, March 2010.

http:// www.sbfisica.org.br/bjp/files/v40_38.pdf.  

M.A. Padmanabha Rao @ Sep 08, 2010 13:43:20 PM

http://www.sciencenews.org/view/generic/id/61683/title/Dark_matter_eldorado

Dark matter eldorado

Nearby galaxy holds record for densest concentration of mysterious mass

By Ron Cowen

August 28th, 2010; Vol.178 #5 (p. 12)

M.A.Padmanabha Rao M.A.Padmanabha Rao                                            Sep. 12, 2010 at 12:01pm

The puzzling Dark radiation is precisely defined in the published paper as the Bharat radiation.

In the context of solar flare, the predicted Bharat radiation causing UV dominant optical radiation from radioisotopes and XRF sources by valence excitation seemed to be the familiar dark radiation from cosmic sources [Reference 3].

Page 45:

“As in the case of the current study, the γ-, X-, or β radiation emissions from radioisotopes formed by fission reaction in Sun cause two more generation of emissions: the predicted dark radiation, which is the same as Bharat radiation followed by EUV”.

Please peruse the accepted comments on the Dark Energy

DARK RADIATION ENERGY

NASA panel grapples with double dark energy missions  - September 16, 2010

http://blogs.nature.com/news/thegreatbeyond/2010/09/nasa_panel_grapples_with_doubl.html

The puzzling Dark radiation energy is precisely defined as the Bharat radiation energy in the peer reviewed paper: Brazilian Journal of Physics, Vol.40, no.1, March 2010. Dark matter in the Sun can be detected through gamma rays, X-rays or beta particles, since Uranium fission fragments constitute Dark Matter, according to this paper. Dark radiation produced in the Sun has been attributed to Bharat radiation (predicted) with energy higher than that of UV at eV level.

Radioisotope or X-ray source emit two more radiations following ionizing radiations such as gamma, X-ray or beta particle: Bharat radiation (predicted) followed by UV dominant optical emission. Location of Bharat wavelengths from Rb XRF source is shown in Electromagnetic Spectrum. Radioisotopes produced in the Sun emit a new class of "Room Temperature Atomic Spectra of Solids" (solid radioisotopes or XRF sources). Tritium is an exception that it will emit only the Bharat radiation but not UV dominant optical emission. The paper also explains how a previously unknown atomic phenomenon causes Bharat radiation, which in turn causes UV dominant optical emission from within an excited atom of these sources.

Posted by: M.A. Padmanabha Rao, PhD |October 6, 2010 03:06 PM

RADIATION DOSE DATA

  The current study suggests that the radiation dose data may need entry of UV as one more component, besides ionizing radiations in giving radiation dose to patients. Since UV follows X-rays according to the current study, UV from diagnostic X-ray tubes may subject the patients to higher skin dose than previously thought. UV emission following γ-rays from metal 60Co may also contribute for the skin erythema noticed in cancer patients during 60Co Teletherapy treatment.

MY COMMENTS ON MORE RADIATION DOSE FROM CT SCAN etc

by Paul Dorio, MD

http://www.kevinmd.com/blog/2010/09/radiation-risks-ct-scans-taught-patients.html

.A. Padmanabha Rao, PhD September 28, 2010 at 3:55 am

This comment provides latest research results why CT scan and other ionizing radiation sources cause more radiation dose to patients than expected. Ionizing radiation sources emit two more emissions, according to the following peer reviewed paper. X-rays (say from CT scanner, X-ray tube etc), gamma rays, and beta radiations are followed by Bharat radiation (predicted) having energy higher than that of UV at eV level, and the newly detected UV dominant optical radiation. While UV from CT scanner may subject the patients to higher skin dose than previously thought, Bharat radiation does to skin and outer layers of the body. The UV emission from CT scanner, radioisotopes and XRF sources has bearing in radiation biology in contributing more radiation dosage to patients of Radiotherapy and Nuclear Medicine than expected. Radiation dose data may need entry of UV as one more component, besides ionizing radiations in giving radiation dose to the patients. Bharat radiation and UV can be cut off from CT scaner by introducing a very thin Aluminium sheet or some other dark and thick material in the X-ray beam. Presently, Bharat radiation cannot be detected by any commercially avaialble detectors like Photomultiplier tube, since Bharat radiation energy lies in between X-rays and UV or EUV.

M.A. Padmanabha Rao,
UV dominant optical emission newly detected from radioisotopes and XRF sources,
Brazilian Journal of Physics, Vol.40, no.1, March 2010.
http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?pid=S0103-97332010000100007&script=sci_arttext

M.A. Padmanabha Rao, PhD
Former Professor of Medical Physics, New Delhi, India
raomap@yahoo.com

High radiation raises risk of second cancer: study

By Julie Steenhuysen

CHICAGO | Wed Sep 15, 2010 2:47am EDT

http://www.reuters.com/article/idUSTRE68E0OV20100915

Sep 29, 2010 1:31am EDT

This comment on “High radiation raises risk of second cancer” provides latest research results why ionizing radiations give more radiation dose to exposed persons than expected. Ionizing radiations particularly gamma, X-ray, and beta radiations successively cause two more emissions:(1) Bharat radiation (predicted) with energy higher than that of UV at eV level, and the (2) newly detected UV dominant optical radiation, according to the following peer reviewed paper. It is to be kept in mind that some radioisotopes emit predominantly characteristic X-rays. While UV from these sources subject the exposed persons to higher skin dose than previously thought, Bharat radiation does to skin and outer layers of the body. Radiation dose data may need entry of UV as one more component, besides ionizing radiations in giving radiation dose to the exposed persons. Presently, Bharat radiation cannot be detected by any  commercially available detectors like Photomultiplier tube, since Bharat energy lies in between that of X-rays and UV or EUV. In the case of atomic bomb explosion, UV, EUV, and Bharat radiations also contribute to cancer risk, besides neutrons, and ionizing radiations. It also happens that most core electrons of the fission fragments may be knocked out of the atom, so as to be left with a singly filled orbit as in the case of Tritium. Such highly ionized fission fragments emit only the Bharat Radiation and not the UV dominant optical emission.

M.A. Padmanabha Rao,
UV dominant optical emission newly detected from radioisotopes and XRF sources,
Brazilian Journal of Physics, Vol.40, no.1, March 2010.
http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?pid=S0103-97332010000100007&script=sci_arttext

Pilots More Likely To Develop Skin Cancer Due To Higher Levels Of UV Radiation At High Altitude?

http://www.harmonizerproblog.com/radiation-levels/pilots-more-likely-to-develop-skin-cancer-due-to-higher-levels-of-uv-radiation-at-high-altitude

October 29th, 2009 | Author: admin

  M.A. Padmanabha Rao, PhD says:

October 19, 2010 at 2:03 am

There are reasons why pilots get more radiation dosage while traveling over countries near North Pole such as the Iceland. Earth’s gravitational force attracts high energy radiations both ionizing (including gamma, X-ray, and beta) and non ionizing radiation like EUV or UV arising from Sun. How gravitational force acts on radiation and matter is explained in the following. In physics, some missing gaps still exist. My experimental and subatomic research with radioisotopes and XRF sources has revealed that beta does not exhibit its well known particle behavior within an excited atom of a radioisotope or X-ray source.

M.A. Padmanabha Rao,
UV dominant optical emission newly detected from radioisotopes and XRF sources,
Brazilian Journal of Physics, Vol.40, no.1, March 2010.
http://www.sbfisica.org.br/bjp/files/v40_38.pdf

I believe when beta escapes from an excited atom, beta acquires mass due to Earth’s gravitational attraction. It is because gravitational force shows attraction on both matter and radiation. For example, abundant cosmic radiation from Sun such as gamma, X-ray, beta, as well as EUV at North and South poles are due to attraction by Earth’s high gravitational force. In tropical countries such as India relatively less energetic radiations including visible light and infra red radiation from Sun are due to Earth’s relatively low gravitational force. All such examples lead to an entirely new concept that both matter (such as electrons, protons, neutrons) and radiation (conceptually both photons and waves) consist of three components: (a) electric, (b) magnetic, and (c) gravitational forces. In a particular situation only one component is in excess, so influences accordingly on electron or photon. This needs a detailed explanation.

THE FOLLOWING ARTICLE APPEARED IN INDIAN DAILY : INDIA TODAY

Concrete step to stop scrapyard radiation. http://www.thefreelibrary.com/Concrete+step+to+stop+scrapyard+radiation.-a0228856096

COBALT- 60 MORE UNSAFE THAN THOUGHT

http://www.thefreelibrary.com/COBALT-+60+MORE+UNSAFE+THAN+THOUGHT.-a0228856095

COBALT- 60, whose radiation killed a worker at West Delhi's Mayapuri scrap market recently, may be more harmful than earlier thought.

A research report by a scientist has revealed that radioisotopes such as Cobalt- 60 emit Ultraviolet ( UV) dominant optical rays.

The report shows that metallic sources such as cobalt- 57 and cobalt- 60 emit a " new class of atomic spectra of solids at room temperature". The UV emission may, therefore, be contributing to the skin erythemaerythema (ĕr'əthē`mə), more or less diffuse redness of the skin due to concentration of an abnormally large amount of blood within the small vessels of the skin (hyperemia), as in burns.  noticed in cancer patients during cobalt- 60 teletherapy treatment.

Erythema is ' reddening' of the skin because of inflammatory or immunologic processes. Irradiationirradiation /ir·ra·di·a·tion/ (i-ra?de-a´shun)
1. radiotherapy.

2. the dispersion of nervous impulse beyond the normal path of conduction.

3.  leads to accumulation of lymphocytesLymphocytes
Small white blood cells that bear the major responsibility for carrying out the activities of the immune system; they number about 1 trillion.
..... Click the link for more information. in the layers of the skin caused by cell death.

" Cobalt- 60 can be more harmful to a patient exposed to it during cancer treatment. Doctors should use a sheet of black paper between the radiation machine and the patient," said Dr M. A. Padmanabha Rao, who conducted the research.

Rao is former head of the Radiation Safety Group and deputy director at the Defence Laboratory in Jodhpur. His study is published in the recent issue of the Brazilian Journal of Physics.

In 1997, Rao had first reported the discovery of an atomic phenomenon causing light emission from sources of ionising radiation in the official technical report of the DRDO's Defence Laboratory.

Dr.M.A.Padmanabha Rao (Member):  COBALT- 60 MORE UNSAFE THAN THOUGHT 7/6/2010 11:29 PM

The present article is cited from my research paper “UV dominant optical emission newly detected from radioisotopes and XRF sources” published in Brazilian Journal of Physics,Vol.40,no.1,March 2010.
http://www.sbfisica.org.br/bjp/files/v40_38.pdf.

Incredibly, this single paper accounts to six fundamental physics discoveries. Cobalt-60 serves in treating cancer patients (Radiotherapy) by virtue of its gamma emission. Now, the current study reveals that Cobalt-60 emits two more emissions. Gamma rays are followed by Bharat radiation (predicted) having energy higher than that of UV at eV level, and the newly detected UV dominant optical radiation. While UV contributes radiation dose to skin, Bharat radiation does to skin and outer layers of the body.

M.A. Padmanabha Rao, PhD
Former Professor of Medical Physics (2001)
Himalayan Institute of Medical Sciences, Jollygrant, Uttarnchal
Former Deputy Director, Defence Laboratory, Jodhpur, Rajasthan, India (1983-1997)
Former Lecturer, Department of Nuclear Medicine, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India (1964-1983)
Assembly Member, World Federation of Nuclear Medicine and Biology, Tokyo , 1974
And Chaired an Instrument session during First World Congress of Nuclear Medicine, Tokyo , 1974.

Current Address: 114 Charak Sadan, Vikaspuri, New Delhi 110018, India
Ph:91-9871257964
e-mail: raomap@yahoo.com

RESUME

Birth Place

Vemuluru, Kovvuru Mandalam, West Godavary District, Andhra Pradesh

to parents Manchiraju Veerraju (father) and Manchiraju Durgamba (mother)  

 

QUALIFICATIONS

B.Sc Degree with Physics Main, and Mathematics and Chemistry as subsidiaries in 1960 from Government Arts College, Rajahmundry, under Andhra University, Waltair.

  M.Sc Physics ( with specialization in Electronics), Vikram University, Ujjain, M.P. in 1962

Radiological Physics training course for one year (1963-1964) from Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, Trombay, Mumbai, India. 

Ph.D. (AIIMS) Degree from the All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi 11018 in 1975

  The doctoral thesis is on

Performance of Digital Scanner with reference to Tomoscanning and Scatter Photon scan techniques Thesis submitted in 1973 and Degree was awarded as Ph.D (A.I.I.M.S) through Biophysics in 13th Convocation held in 1975, Official guide: Prof. R.K. Misra, first Head of the Department of Biophysics  at AIIMS.  The Ph.D work on Scatter Photon scanning brought rare international honor. 

World Federation of Nuclear Medicine and Biology invited me to represent India as Assembly Member in its World Federation, and Asian Federation meetings held at Tokyo in 1974, and to lead Indian team of scientists and Doctors and to the First World Congress of Nuclear Medicine held at Tokyo in September 1974. 

Receiving Ph.D Degree in the 13th A.I.I.M.S. Convocation held in 1975 from  Dr.Karan Singh, the then President of A.I.I.M.S, and Health Minister

Memento received as Assembly Member from India to the World Federation of Nuclear Medicine and Biology, Tokyo, 1974

   

 

All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi

nearly 19 years:May 1, 1964- March 1983)

   POSITIONS HELD

1 . Demonstrator in Isotope Laboratory

     [ May 1, '64 to Dec’ 31, 1969 ]

(Standing and watching while doing   131 I Thyroid uptake test by Mr.Lal Singh: top,  left). This photo is from Illustrated Weekly of India. (1965-1966).

2. Physicist in Isotope Laboratory

    [ Dec’ 31, '69 to Sept’ 3, 1971]

3 Lecturer in Medical physics

      Department of Nuclear Medicine

       [Sept' 3, 1971 to Feb 12, 1983]

T eaching to M.D. Students     

Medical Physics of Nuclear Medicine and Radiation Safety to M.D.students of Radiodiagnosis, Medicine, Biophysics etc.

Research guidance  Co - guide to M.Ch  students of  

1. Neurosurgery (Dr. J.Dhar, Dr.B.S.Das)

 2. Paediatric surgery (H.L.Goswamy)

 3. Urology (Dr. N.S.Dutta, Dr.A. K. Chakravarty,  Dr. D.Umaraiya , Dr. S.N. Wadwa, Dr.Lakshmikant Sahu)for their dissertations on topics of clinical Nuclear Medicine, while their Professors were full guides. Did research and published several papers (Refer the list of publications)  

Radiation Safety Officer (AIIMS Hospital)   where patients were admitted for    treatment of thyroid cancer.  I have administered even 100 mCi of   131 I orally to such patients.  Developed various radiation shields with novel ideas.

Joined Defence Laboratory, Jodhpur, Rajasthan in 1983

      worked   nearly 14 years Mar 1983- Sept 1997

1.   Scientist D [March 10, '83 to June 30, '92] 

2.   Deputy Director (Scientist E) & Head, Radiation Safety Group

       [ July 1, '92 to Sept 30, 1997]

 

RETIRED from Government service on 30 Sept’ 1997. 

 

  Professor of Medical Physics ( 3 months: August 2001 to Dec 4, 2001),

       Department of Radiology,

     Himalayan Institute   of Medical Sciences, Jolly Grant , Uttaranchal, India.

 

Teaching:

Final year M.B.B.S students onon X ray physics,   use of radioisotopes in medicine  (Nuclear Medicine),

Clinical and surgical management of cases affected byradioactive contamination in Nuclear accidents or nuclear bombing etc.

 

RESEARCH PUBLICATIONS on CLINICAL NUCLEAR MEDICINE

All India Institute of Medical Sciences , New Delhi (1964 -1983)

Thyroid gland

1.      M.M.S. Ahuja and M.A. Padmanabha Rao:    1. Isopropylimidazolidines 2-thione: clinical evaluation of a new antithyroid drug. Ind.Jour.Med.Res . 57, 8, 1486-1489, Aug 1969.

2.      A.K.Basu , D.Ghosh, M.A.P.Rao, K.K. Malhotra:Scintiscanning in primary carcinoma   of thyroid and its metastasis, Qtly.J.Surg.Sci , Vol 5, No 2 & 3, 127-138, Jun-Sep 1969.

3.      Padmanabha Rao. M.A.: 131 I serial scanning over thyroid as a method to differentiate adenomatous goitre from follicular carcinoma of thyroid- a preliminary report (in) proceedings of the Vth Asia and Oceania Congress of Endocrinology, Chandigarh, 185-191,1974.

4.    Padmanabha Rao. M. A.: Influence of thyroid functional status on gastric emptying in human subjects (in) Proceedings of the XXVI International Congress of International Union of Physiological Sciences, Vol XI,    New Delhi, 392, 1974.

No effect of Chernobyl accident (1986) on Indian human thyroids

         M. A. Padmanabha Rao, M. R. Patel, B.N.Vishnoi, S.R.Vadera, Monitoring    for 131 I in human  thyroids     following   Chernobyl    accident,     Bulletin of  Radiation    Protection 10,  No. 1-2,  89-92 (1987).  

5.   M.A. Padmanabha Rao , and R.K. Mishra.   A comparative study of anterior and posterior scans of the thyroid gland in nodular goitres , Ind. Jour. Med. Res. 71, 621-626, April 1980.

   In the picture on the right, the differences between anterior and posterior views. of three cases with goitre have been demonstrated for the first time, using digital scanner made in Gamma Works, Hungary.

Started the Renogram test at the All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi in collaboration with Urology Department as diagnostic test in renal diseases.

  Renal diseases

  1.       S.M.Singh, N.S. Dutta, M.A.P.Rao : Radioisotope renography in Urology, Ind. Jour.Med.         Res. 57, 8, 1490-1506, Aug 1969. 

2.       S.M.Singh, N.S. Dutta, B.C. Bapna, and M.A.P. Rao: Radioisotope renography in    acute renal failure.Ind.J.Med.Res, 57, 10, 1969-1974, Oct 1969.

3.      S.M. Singh, A. K. Chakravarty, B.C. Bapna, and  M.A.P. Rao and S. K. Sharma,   kidney,   ureter and bladder scanning with hippuran- 131 I, Ind. J. Radiology , Vol XXVI, 1,38-39,1972.    

4.      S.M. Singh, A.K. Chakravarty, B.C. Bapna and M.A.P. Rao: Blood clearance of Hippuran-131 I as an index of overall renal function, Ind.J.Med.Res. 59, 83-89, Jan 1971. 

5.      D.Umaraiya ; N.P. Gupta; M.A. Padmanabha Rao; S.N. Wadwa, S.M. Singh, The Diuresis renogram: A non-invasive method of evaluating equivocal urinary tract obstruction, Ind. Jour. Surg. Vol 45,No4, 215-220, April 1983.

 In India, started isotopic means of detection of intracranial lesions (Brain tumors) and ‘imaging for imaging CSF pathways’: in patients of hydrocephalus, spina bifida etc with radioisotope ventriculography, cisternography, myelography in collaboration with Neurosurgery and Paediatric Surgery Departments at the All India Institute of Medical Sciences (A.I.I.M.S.), New Delhi in 1968 :  

 NEUROLOGY  &  NEUROSURGERY

 

1.      Tandon . P.N; Rao. M.A.P ; Pathak.S.N; Dhar.J: RIHSA Cisternography in the management of tuberculosis meningitis: Monographs on tuberculosis of the nervous system, Ann of Ind. Acad Med. Sciences, 55-57, 1972.

2.  Tandon.P.N; Rao, M.A.P ;  Basu.A.K; Dhar.J; and Das.B.S.: 131 I RIHSA C.S.F scanning in paediatric neurosurgical practice, Neuroradiology, 7:119-123, 1974.

  Cited by   Springrlink

http://www.springerlink.com/ (bh41tc55jfkjtf45lmny1030)/app/home/contribution.asp?

        Summary   Sixty children aged between one month and fifteen years were submitted to RIHSA cisternography and/or ventriculography for a variety of lesions affecting the CSF pathways. These included cases of hydrocephalus and other congenital malformations of the central nervous system, posttraumatic and post meningitic sequelae. The investigation has been found to be valuable not only in differentiating between arrested and progressive hydrocephalus but also in unmasking associated anomalies of CSF flow and pathways in cases of meningomyelocele and encephalocele. It is excellent for delineating a CSF fistula and can also be utilised to demonstrate the size and extent of a subdural hematoma or hygroma. Pathological concentration and delayed clearance of the isotope in the region underlying the skull defect was a consistent finding in all cases of growing fracture (craniocerebral erosion). Single or multiple sites of blocks were observed in cases of postmeningitic (tuberculous) sequelae.

 Energy Ctations Database :Identifier: OSTI ID: 4104749 

  Neurosciences in India: An overview

File Format: PDF/Adobe Acrobat - View as HTML
clinical services for the care of those suffering from neurological disorders. ..... study provides comprehensive information on the type of epilepsy, etiology, psycho-social ...... Tandon PN, Rao MAP, Banerji AK, Pathak SN, Dhar      www.annalsofian.org/article.asp?issn=0972-2327;year...

 

131 I-RIHSA CSF scanning in pediatric neurosurgical practice

PN Tandon, MAP Rao, AK Basu, J Dar, BS … - Neuroradiology, 1974 - Springer
Page 1. Neuroradiology 7, 119-- 123 (1974) © by Springer-Verlag 1974
3'I-RIHSA CSF Scanning in Pediatric Neurosurgical Practice ...

Summary   Sixty children aged between one month and fifteen years were submitted to RIHSA cisternography and/or ventriculography for a variety of lesions affecting the CSF pathways. These included cases of hydrocephalus and other congenital malformations of the central nervous system, posttraumatic and post meningitic sequelae. The investigation has been found to be valuable not only in differentiating between arrested and progressive hydrocephalus but also in unmasking associated anomalies of CSF flow and pathways in cases of meningomyelocele and encephalocele. It is excellent for delineating a CSF fistula and can also be utilised to demonstrate the size and extent of a subdural hematoma or hygroma. Pathological concentration and delayed clearance of the isotope in the region underlying the skull defect was a consistent finding in all cases of growing fracture (craniocerebral erosion). Single or multiple sites of blocks were observed in cases of postmeningitic (tuberculous) sequelae.

Cited by 2

1. Cranio-cerebral erosion (growing fracture of the skull in children) 
PN Tandon, AK Banerji, R Bhatia, RK … - Acta neurochirurgica, 1987 – Springer.

This paper is based on a study of sixty cases of cranio-cerebral erosion treated in the

Department of Neurosurgery. All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi

during the last 20 years. This constitutes the largest series, so far ...

  Cited by 35 - Related articles - Import into BibTeX - All 3 versions

 

2. Nasoethmoidal encephalomeningocele demonstrated by cisternography: case report

Radiology 117: 79-85, 1975 4. TANDON PN, RAO MAP, BASU AK, et al.:
131I-RIHSA CSF scanning in pediatrie neurosurgical practice. ...

 

Excerpta medica. Section 23: Nuclear medicine‎ - Page 222 1975

... CSF scanning in pediatric neurosurgical practice - Tandon PN, Rao MAP., Basu
AK et al. - Dept. Neurosurg., AIIMS, New Delhi - NEURORADIOLOGY <B«t> 1974

Differential diagnosis in nuclear medicine‎ - Page 88

by Edward B. Silberstein, John G. McAfee - Medical - 1984 - 318 pages

... tonate brain scintigraphy: are routine early images indicated? J Nucl Med 20
:287-290, 1979. 311. Tandon PN, Rao MAP, Basu AK,

  Cross Reference in Bhatia’s paper

Cranio-cerebral erosion (growing fracture of the skull in children)

PN Tandon, AK Banerji, R Bhatia, RK … - Acta neurochirurgica, 1987 - Springer
... Tandon PN, Rao MAP, Basu AK, Dar J, Das BS (1974) 131I- RIHSA CSF scanning in
pediatric neurosurgical practice. Neu- roradiol 7:119-123 Page 9. ...
Cited by 34

  Cranio-cerebral erosion (growing fracture of the skull in children)

Tandon PN, Rao MAP, Pathak SN, Banerji AK, Dar J (1974). Radio-isotope scanning of cerebrospinal fluid pathways. Ind J. Med Res 62:281--289 ...
http://www.angelfire.com/sc3/1010/www.springerlink.com/index/P65201262568063J.pdf- by PN Tandon - 1987 - Cited by 35 -

Radio-isotope scanning of cerebrospinal fluid pathways
PN Tandon, MA Rao, SN Pathak, AK Banerji, … - The Indian journal of medical research, 1974 - osti.gov
The Energy Citations Database (ECD) provides access to historical and current research
(1948 to the present) from the Department of Energy (DOE) and predecessor ...
Cited by 5

Excerpta medica. Section 8, Neurology and neurosurgery‎   1975

... T. 2601 Rao M. 2365 Rao MAP. 183 Rao YC 1902 Rapin I. 3857 Rapin I. 244
Rapoport D. 3755 Rapoport Y. 3758 Raposo G. 816 Rapport MM 897 Raskin DE 3112

Diagnostic patterns in nuclear medicine‎

by Edward B. Silberstein, John G. McAfee, Andrew P. Spasoff - Medical - 1998 - 250 pages

Page 60

Early and delayed Tc-99m glucoheptonate brain scintigraphy: are routine early
images indicated? J Nucl Med 1979;20:287- 290. 412. Tandon PN, Rao MAP, ...

 

THIRD PAPER ON THE SUBJECT

3.    Upadhyaya.P; Goswamy.H.L; Rohatgi.M; Basu.A.K; and Rao.M.A.P .: RIHSA( 131 I)   scanning of cerebrospinal fluid pathways in children with myelomeningocele, Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology, 16, Supp No 32, 144-151, 1974.

Citations

General processes of radiotracer localization‎ - Page 201

by Leopold J. Anghileri - Medical - 1982 - 272 pages

... M., Basu, AK, and Rao, MAP, RISA (131I) scanning of cerebrospinal fluid
pathways in children ...

Also Cited in   [ Clinical radioisotope investigations in hydrosyringomyelia and myelodysplasia

PV Hall, JE Kalsbeck, HN Wellman, S … - Journal of Neurosurgery, 1976 - thejns.org
Radioisotope ventriculography was applied clinically in myelodysplastic
hydromeyelia in three groups of patients: two patients with normal ventricles,
two with obstructive hydrocephalus, and 16 with myelodysplasia. In the ...]

New developments in pediatric research: incorporating papers presented at ...‎ - Page 931

by Om Prakash Ghai - Medical - 1977 - 1281 pages

Upadhyaya, P., Goswamy, HL, Rohatgi, M., Basu, AK and Rao, MAP ( 197^ b): RISA
Scanning of ...

Aschoff A (1995) In-vitro-Tests von Hydrocephalus-Ventilen ...

File Format: Microsoft Word - View as HTML
Upadhyaya P, Goswamy HL, Rohatgi M, Basu AK, Rao MAP (1974) RISA (131J) scanning of cerebrospinal fluid pathways in children with myelomeningocele. ...
http://www.angelfire.com/sc3/1010/www.ifknowledge.org/documents/34.doc

Indian journal of surgery‎ - Page 6

by Association of Surgeons of India - Medical - 1980

Upadhyaya, P., Goswamy, HL, Rohatgi, M., Basu, AK, and Rao, MAP: RISA (I131)
scanning of cerebro-spinal fluid pathways in children with ...

Literatur

Upadhyaya P., Goswany HL., Rohatgi M., Basu AK., Rao MAP.: RISA (131J) scanning of cerebrospinal pathways in children with myelomeningocele. Dev.Med. ...
www.kiefer.ws/literatur.htm

  General processes of radiotracer localization‎ - Page 201

by Leopold J. Anghileri - Medical - 1982 - 272 pages

... AK, and Rao, MAP, RISA (131I) scanning of cerebrospinal fluid pathways in
children with myelomeningocele, Dev. Child Neurol., 32(Suppl. 16), 151, 1974.

Acute elevation of intracranial pressure following transection of non-functional spinal cord

K Winston, J Hall, D Johnson, L Micheli - Clin Orthop, 1977 - c-orthopaedicpractice.com
... M., Basil, AK and Rao, MAP: RISA (•ill) scanning of cerebrospinal fluid path-
ways in children with myelomeningocele, Dev. Med. Child Neurol.

   FOURTH PAPER ON THE SUBJECT

Tuberculous Meningitis

  4.    P.N.Tandon.; M.A.P. Rao ; A.K. Banerji; S.N. Pathak; and J.Dhar.: Isotopic scanning of the cerebrospinal fluid pathways in tuberculous meningitis, J. Neuro sciences, 25,   401-413, 1975.

  CITATIONS

Isotope scanning of the cerebrospinal fluid pathways in tuberculous meningitis

PN Tandon, MAP Rao, AK Banerji, SN Pathak, … - J Neurol Sci, 1975 - osti.gov
The Energy Citations Database (ECD) provides access to historical and current research
(1948 to the present) from the Department of Energy (DOE) and predecessor ...
Cited by 6

Tropical neurology‎ - Page 113

by John David Spillane - Medical - 1973 - 448 pages

TANDON, PN, RAO, MAP, PATHAK, SN, and DAS, BS (1970) Use of ...

  Isotope scanning of the cerebrospinal fluid pathways in tuberculous meningitis
PN Tandon, MAP Rao, AK Banerji, SN Pathak, … - J Neurol Sci, 1975 - osti.gov
The Energy Citations Database (ECD) provides access to historical and current research
(1948 to the present) from the Department of Energy (DOE) and predecessor ...

CITATION] CSF pathways scan in tuberculous meningitis
Cited by 7 - Related articles - Cached - Import into BibTeX

 Seven Citations of the above paper

Pathogenesis, diagnosis, treatment, and outcome aspects of cerebral tuberculosis

MK Katti… - MEDICAL SCIENCE MONITOR, 2004 - journals.indexcopernicus.com
Cerebral tuberculosis or tuberculosis of the brain manifests predominantly as
tuberculous menin- gitis followed by tuberculoma, tuberculous abscess, and other
concomitant forms such as cerebral miliary tuberculosis, tuberculous ...
Cited by 31 - Related articles - Import into BibTeX - BL Direct - All 6 versions

Endoscopic third ventriculostomy in tuberculous meningitis

AA Figaji, AG Fieggen, JC Peter - Child's Nervous System, 2003 - Springer
Abstract Introduction: We report our preliminary experience with two cases of
tuberculous meningitis (TBM) in which endoscopic third ventriculostomy (ETV) was
per- formed to treat non-communicating hydrocephalus. For many years, the ...
Cited by 19 -

Endoscopic third ventriculostomy in post-tubercular meningitic hydrocephalus: a preliminary …

D Singh, V Sachdev, AK Singh, S Sinha - Minimally invasive neurosurgery: MIN, 2005 - ncbi.nlm.nih.gov
Hydrocephalus is a common sequel of tubercular meningitis. Endoscopic third
ventriculostomy (ETV) was performed in thirty-five patients. According to the
duration of illness, six patients were in the early (less than 6 weeks), ...
Cited by 13 - Related articles - Import into BibTeX - All 4 versions

  Hyaluronidase as an adjuvant in the treatment of cranial arachnoiditis (hydrocephalus and
Gourie-Devi, P Satish - Acta Neurologica Scandinavica, 1980 - interscience.wiley.com
Use of subarachnoidhntraventricular administration of hyaluronidase in the
treatment of 15 cases of cranial arachnoiditis which occurred as a complication
of tuberculous meningitis is reported. Eleven of these cases had ...

Cited by 8 - Related articles - Import into BibTeX - All 2 versions

RIHSA cisternography in cerebral tumours

H Crevel - Neuroradiology, 1979 - Springer
Investigation of CSF flow in patients with cerebral tumours is important for
several reasons. The demonstration of a CSF block could help in localiza- tion,
in deciding about shtmting procedures, and could indicate the feasibility ...
Related articles - Import into BibTeX - All 2 versions

Tüberküloz Menenjitinde Bilgisayarh Tomografi Bulgulan

AE Öge, O Çoban, S Bahar, R Tolun - klimik.org.tr
Klimik Derg • Cilt: 3. Sayi: 1 • 1990, s: 39-43 39 Tüberküloz Menenjitinde
Bilgisayarh Tomografi Bulgulan Ali Emre Öge, Oguzhan Çoban, Sara Bahar, Reha
Tolun Özet: Ни callantada 33 tüberküloz menenjiti olgusunun ...

Hydrocephalus in tuberculous meningitis in children: treatment with acetazolamide and …

P Visudhiphan, S Chiemchanya - The Journal of Pediatrics, 1979 - Elsevier
... Tandon PN, Rao MAP, Banerji AK, Pathak SN, and Dhar J: isotope scanning of the
cerebrospinal fluid pathways intuberculous meningitis, J Neurol Sci 25:401, 1975 ...

  PN Tandon, MAP Rao, AK Banerji… - 5th Internat Congress of Neurol Surgery, Tokyo, Japan …, 1973
Cited by 1

[ Isotope cisternography and ventriculography in congenital anomalies of the central nervous …

FE Glasauer - Journal of Neurosurgery, 1975 - thejns.org
... J Indian Med Assoc (in press). 25. Tandon PN, Rao MAP, Banerji AK, et al:
CSF pathways scan in tuberculous meningitis. Presented]

   Schmidek & Sweet Operative Neurosurgical Techniques: Indications, Methods ...‎ - Page 1631

by Henry H. Schmidek, David W. Roberts - Medical - 2005 - 2880 pages

Tandon PN, Rao MAP, Banerji AK, et al: Isotope scanning of the cerebrospinal
fluid pathways in tubercular meningitis. J Neurol Sci 25:401-413, 1975. 107. ...

  Textbooks of Operative Neurosurgery ( 2 Vol.)‎ - Page 318

by Ramamurthi, Ravi Ramamurti et al (eds) - 2005 - 1316 pages

Tandon PN, Rao MAP, Banerji AK, et al: Isotope scanning of the cerebro-spinal
fluid pathways in tuberculosis meningitis. J Neurol Sci 25: 401. 1975. ...

  Tuberculous meningitis--a CT study

birjournals.org [PDF] 
S Bhargava, AK Gupta, PN Tandon - British Journal of Radiology, 1982 - Br Inst Radiology
... PJ Vinken and CW Bruyn, Part I, pp. 195-262. TANDON, PN, RAO, MAP, BANERJI, AK,
PATHAK, SN & DHAR, J., 1975. ... TANDON, PN, RAO, MAP, PATHAK, SN & DHAR, J., 1973. ... bjr.birjournals.org/cgi/reprint/55/651/189.pdf - Similar
by S Bhargava - 1982 - Cited by 113 - Related articles

Neurology and general medicine: the neurological aspects of medical disorders‎ - Page 598

by Michael Jeffrey Aminoff - Medical - 1989 - 824 pages

Tandon PN, Rao MAP, Banerji AK, et al: Isotope scanning of the cerebrospinal
fluid pathways in tuberculous meningitis. J Neurol Sci 25:401, 1975 54.

  Problems of intracranial pressure in childhood‎ - Page 282

by R. A. Minns - Medical - 1991 - 458 pages

Stovring, J.. Snyder, RD (1980) 'Computed tomography in childhood bacterial
meningitis. ' Journal of Pediatrics, 96, 820-823. Tandon, PN, Rao, MAP, Pathak,

  Schmidek & Sweet operative neurosurgical techniques: indications, methods ...‎ - Page 1631

by Henry H. Schmidek, David W. Roberts - Medical - 2005 - 2404 pages

Tandon PN, Rao MAP, Banerji AK, et al: Isotope scanning of the cerebrospinal
fluid pathways in tubercular meningitis. J Neurol Sci 25:401-413, 1975. 107. ...

RIHSA cisternography in cerebral tumours

H Crevel - Neuroradiology, 1979 - Springer
... Tandon, PN, Rao, MAP, Banerji, AK, Pathak, SN, Dhar, J.: Isotope scanning of the
cerebrospinal fluid pathways in tuberculous meningitis. J. Neurol. Sci.

  Tuberculous meningitis in children: diagnosis and treatment

M Gourie-Devi - Indian Journal of Pediatrics, 1981 - Springer
... Tandon PN. Rao MAP, Banerji AK, Pathak SN, Dhar J "Isotope scanning of the
cerebrospinal fluid pathwa,s in tuberculous meningitis.

  Tüberküloz Menenjitinde Bilgisayarh Tomografi Bulgulan

AE Öge, O Çoban, S Bahar, R Tolun - klimik.org.tr
... Tandon PN, Rao MAP, Banerji AK, Pathak SN, Dhar J. Isotope scanning of the
cerebrospinal fluid pathways in tuberculous meningitis.

  YR Yadav - journals.indexcopernicus.com
... 17. Tandon PN, Rao MAP, Pathak SN, Banerji AK and Dar J: Radio isotope scanning
of cerebro-spinal fluid pathway. Ind J Med Res. 1974; 62: 281–289. 18.

The Year book of neurology and neurosurgery‎ - Page 464 Medical - 1977

346 N Patton, JM, 299 Rao, MAP, 236 Payne, C., 154 Rapport, RL, II, 89 Nakayama,
N., 19 Payot, M., 305 Raskin, NH, 151, 152 Nealis, J., 45 Penix, JO, ...

Zentralblatt für Neurochirurgie‎ - Page 243 Medical - 1975

... PG 66 Quisling, RG 144 Rakow, AI 152° Ranniger, K. 77° Rao, MAP 141 Rau, H.
234 Regnier, G. 63 Reichel, J. 128, 130, 131, 177*. 199*. ...

NEW TECHNIQUES DEVELOPEDon Imaging of objects or the body by backscatter photon scattering:   A CHAPTER IN A RESEARCH    PUBLICATION IN ISRAEL

Padmanabha Rao. M.A; Basu.A.K; and Mishra.R.K.: Scatter-Photon scan and scatter -emission scan techniques, and their related studies (in) Awards in Nuclear Medicine and   Radiopharmacology, Vol. 3. Eds: P.Czerniak et al. Baruk Inst. for Radiological Research, Tel Aviv University, Faculty of Medicine, Tel Hashomer (Israel)-1975.

  Padmanabha Rao. M.A.: Simultaneous visualization of an active organ and surface around it by scintiscanning,(in) Proceedings of the First Congress of Nuclear Medicine, Tokyo, 1284-1286, 1974.

In this technique the isotope was kept at the edge of collimator so that scintillation detector will receive only scattered gamma rays (below).

Image of head when scanned, and again after brain has accumulated some radiopharmaceutical injected inside the body so that position of radioactivity can be seen with respect to brain or skull  

  3.    M.A. Padmanabha Rao.: Compton's back-scattered photon spectra of different scatter materials and a new technique for imaging objects with back-scattered photons and characteristic X-rays, Jour. Mysore Univ. Sec-B Science. Proceedings of the National Symposium on Radiation, Vol  No XXVI, 394-402, June 1976.

  4.   M.A. Padmanabha Rao.: Gammamotogram- A technique for recording Acilles tendon refluxes (in) Digest  of International Symposium. Biomed.Engg, New Delhi, 148-149, 1978.

  Another significant scientific accomplishment

Detected gaseous activity from Chernobyl reactor accident in 1986

Another significant scientific accomplishment

Defence Laboratory (DRDO, Ministry of Defence), Jodhpur, Rajasthan State has procured earlier the Radioactive Gas Monitor RGM1 from Nuclear Enterprises, U.K. intended for tritium monitoring.  The Chernobyl Reactor accident occurred on 26 April 1986 but appeared in Indian Dailies two or three days later.  On the fourth day of Chernobyl Reactor accident, 30th April 1986, me and my colleague Kanaram Senwar tried to see whether this monitor really detects any radioactivity from Chernobyl.  Such type of accidents were not heard of taking place in Asia in my life time. We were not sure what kind of activity can be detected 2000 km away in India. Surprisingly, the monitor RGM1 showed sudden surge of radioactivity never seen before April 1986, but persisted in atmosphere even in 1987.  We were unsure what exactly the the tritium monitor has  detected.  Subsequently, a scientist from Canada  India Reactor helped me in interpreting the  data.  He disclosed that the monitor has detected 133Xe, 85Kr and 131I in gaseous form (peruse Abstract here).

 

M.A.Padmanabha Rao and fellow colleague Kanaram Senwar of the Defence Laboratory (Defence Research and Development Organization, Ministry of Defence), Jodhpur, Rajasthan State were the only scientists in India who reported detection of gaseous atmospheric activity from Chernobyl reactor accident occurred on 26 April, 1986 that was present in atmosphere for two years 1986 and 1987 at Jodhpur in India in National Conference on Radiation Protection held in February 14-16, 1991 at Tarapur, Maharashtra State, India. This could be the only report on gaseous activity  in South East Asia.

 

 

The following one is the copy of the above picture in black.

The following data reveals a fall in gaseous  activity two years after the Chernobyl

Reactor accident in Indian atmosphere at Jodhpur in Rajasthan State in 1988 and 1989 as compared to the levels in 1986 and 1987.

No effect of Chernobyl accident on Indian human thyroids.

On testing the thyroid gland of some normal persons with well collimated scintillation detector keeping slightly away from the throid, as is the practice in Nuclear Medicine,  no detectable 131I from Chernobyl reactor accident was noticed  (However, trace quantities of 131I was reported by BARC scientists when intro testing was done on goats thyroids).

M. A. Padmanabha Rao, M. R. Patel, B.N.Vishnoi, S.R.Vadera, Monitoring  for 131 I in human  thyroids  following  Chernobyl  accident,  Bulletin of  Radiation  Protection 10,  No. 1-2,  89-92 (1987).

 

A  NEW TECHNIQUE  FORCOPYING OF NEUROANGIOGRAPHY IMAGES

M.A. Padmanabha Rao.: A techniques for copying X-ray images by Xerographic process, Ind. J. Radiol, No 34, No 4, Nov 1980.  

 

Neuroangiography of a patient

Photostat Copy (newly developed by me then ) of the same Neuroangiography

Photostat Copy (newly developed by me then ) of the Neuroangiography of the same patient

Citation   

  Index Medicus for South-East Asia Region (IMSEAR):

Summary:

A technique for copying X-ray image by xerographic process was developed. A comparison between xerographic copy and photocopy of aselective internal carotid angiogram showing arterial phase revealedenchanced contrast of arteries in xerographic copy. The currenttechnique is simple, has easy access, high speed, and foremost of allenhanced contrast over a photocopy. The versatility of the techniqueover other is discussed.

Subjects:

Copying processes

ID:

IMSEAR000701

Maintained by:

 WHO SEARO Library

  International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

A technique for copying X-ray image by xerographic process

Padmanabha Rao, M. A.

Indian J. Radiol. (Nov 1980). v. 34(4) p. 314-316 1980-01-01

A technique for copying X-ray image by xerographic process was developed. A comparison between xerographic copy and photocopy of a selective internal carotid angiogram showing arterial phase revealed enhanced contrast of arteries in xerogra…

PAPERS PUBLISHED at DEFENCE LABORATORY, JODHPUR after March 1983

The chapter describes a methodology as how to select the best scintillator for making plastic scintillator:

  M. A. Padmanabha Rao , M.R.Patel, Beta excitation of a organic scintillator in  powder form  in "Luminescence: Phenomena Materials and Devices, (Ed) R.P.Rao, Nova Science Publishers Inc., New York , 1991. [ Find in a Library: Luminescence : phenomena, materials, and devices .. . and devices • Author: R P Rao • Publisher: Commack, N ... Trojan, M . Kaplanova and M . M . Rao -- Electroluminescence of ... powder form /耟 o and M . R . Patel . •. Library ... http://www.worldcatlibraries.org/wcpa/ow/72d19a9837144226a19afeb4da09e526.html ]

M.A. Padmanabha Rao , The rise in incidence of tuberculosis attributable to radiation exposure: its   consequences and suggestions. Rad. Prot. Dosim(UK), 35, No  4, 272-273 (1991).

Made ‘thick scintillator ‘ equal in performance with the British make:

     M. A. Padmanabha Rao , M.R.Patel, A comparision of performance of Plastic Scintillator developed at Jodhpur with that from NE (U.K.) in beta detection, Proceedings of the 8th National Symposium on Radiation physics, Bombay, pp.180-183, 17-19 January, 1990.

Plastic Scintillator (P.S.) made by Nuclear Enterprises, U.K.(left, top); P.S. made by Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, Trombay, Mumbai (top, right); P.S. made by me and M.R.Patel at Defence Laboratory, Jodhpur, Rajasthan, India

 

  Thin Plastic Scintillator made by Nuclear Enterprises, U.K. (left). Thin Plastic Scintillator made by me and   M.R.Patel at Defence Laboratory, Jodhpur, Rajasthan, India (right)

Made better ‘Thin Scintillator’ than the British make:

M. A. Padmanabha Rao , M. R. Patel, Superior performance of a Thin Film Scintillator developed here over the Thin Plastic Scintillator from NE (U.K), Proceedings of the 8th National Symposium on Radiation physics, Bombay, pp.180-183, 17-19 January, 1990.

M.A.Padmanabha Rao, Dinesh Bohra, and Arvind Parihar, Comparison of light gain over charge gain measurements with the Berthold Tritium Surface Contamination Monitor, Bulletin of Radiation Protection (Bull Rad. Prot.) Vol 13, No 1, Jan-Mar,1990 .

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Comparison of light gain over charge gain measurements with Berthold tritium surface contamination monitor

Padmanabha Rao, M. A.; Bohra, Dinesh; Parihar, Arvind, Bull. Radiat. Prot. (Jan-Mar 1990). v. 13(1) p. 39-42 1990-01-01

Berthold Tritium Surface Contamination Monitor LB 1210 B is a portable instrument that consists of a gas flow probe LB 6255, a P-10 gas cylinder, and a battery operated ratemeter. An investigation has been made in the current study to see w…

Novel use of gas flow proportional counter from Germany

M. A. Padmanabha Rao, Dinesh Bohra, Arvind Parihar, M.R.Patel, Use of a Gas flow proportional counter in the identification certain beta and alpha emitters, Bull. Rad.  Prot. 13, No. 3 & 4, 26-30 (1990).

Paper published on Photomutiplier as a beta sensor a fact unknown for half a century, since  its  invention:

 Dinesh Bohra, Arvind Parihar, M. A. Padmanabha Rao, Photomultiplier as a beta sensor, Jour. of  Nucl.Inst.and Meth. A 320 (1992) 393-395.    http://www.angelfire.com/sc3/1010/pmt.html ;

Smithsonian/NASA ADS Physics Abstract Service

Publication Date: 08/1992

(c) 1992 Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved.

DOI: 10.1016/0168-9002(92)90800-J

Electronic Article Available from Elsevier Science. http://adsabs.harvard.edu/cgi-bin/nph-bib_query?bibcode=1992NIMPA.320..393B&db_key=PHY#feedback

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The photomultiplier as a beta detector

Bohra, D.; Parihar, A.; Padmanabha Rao, M. A.

Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res., Sect. A. (15 Aug 1992). v. 320(1/2) p. 393-395 1992-01-01

Investigation on the photomultiplier (PM) 9635QB from Thorn EMI connected to a preamplifier revealed that it itself serves as an independent detector for external beta activity of which the performance has not been investigated by others si…

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