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109th Infantry Regiment New York Volunteers
Company "B" was recruited mostly from the Tioga County towns at Candor, Richford, Newark Valley, Berkshire, Owego and Caroline (Tompkins, Co.) New York during the month of August 1862 in response to a national call for more troops by the fretfull General George Brinton McClellan to reinforce the defenders surrounding the Washington, DC area. The recruits were to report to and assemble at Binghamton, Broome Co., NY for mustering in, outfitting and basic infantry training. Company B mustered in on 27 August 1862 Normally raw recruits would have been trained for about 45-60 days before being given any assignments.. However, with General Pope's humiliating defeat at the "2nd Bull Run" again near Manassas Junction, VA on 29 Aug., 1862 at the hands of General 's Lee and JEB Stuart; training was cut seriously short and the Regiment was ordered to leave Binghamton, NY on 30 August 1862 and report to Annapolis Junction, MD.
Officers in Company B
Captain Robert H. S. Hyde, Commanding Officer; attained rank and appointed CO on 12 Aug 1862 to 7 May 1863 when he was discharged (unknown reason)
Captain Edwin Evans1, Commanding Officer, attained rank and appointed CO on 16 Oct 1863 to the Regimental "Muster Out" on 4 Jun 1865 .
First Lieutenenant Benjamin C. Wade, Executive Officer; attained rank and appointed to XO on 27 Aug 1862 to 7 May 1863 when he succeeded to Acting Company Commander replacing the discharged Captain Hyde from 7 May 1863 to 16 Oct 1863; then replaced by newly commissioned Captain Edwin Evans (formerly Company D's 1st Sergeant) and reverted to Company B's Executive Officer from 16 Oct 1863 to the Regimental "Muster Out" on 4 June 1865.
Second Lieutenant George L Haynes attained rank Aug 1862; resigned commission on 10 Jan 1863
Second Lieutenant James L Rightmire attained rank Aug 1862; resigned commission on 31 Oct 1863
Second Lieutenant Charles Nelson2 attained rank Aug 1862; discharged 11 Nov 1864
Second Lieutenant Frank L.Olmstead2 attained rank Aug 1862; discharged 27 Feb 1865
Second Lieutenant Edwin Slosson attained rank 28 Feb 1865 to the Regimental "Muster Out" on 4 June 1865.
1. Note: Edwin Evans b. abt 1840 in either Tioga, Tompkins or Broome Co., NY enrolled 20 Aug 1862, age 22, at Binghamton, Broome Co., NY to serve three (3) years. He was mustered in as a Private in Company D of the 109th Infantry Regiment NY Volunteers. He was promoted to 1st Sergeant of Company D (date rank attained presently unknown) 2. Note: it is presumed that 2nd Lt's Nelson and Olmstead were discharged from the service due to wounds.
109th Infantry Regiment NYV Casualty Report
109th Infantry Regiment NY Volunteers Duty Roll: 57 Officers & 1,296 Men for a total compliment of 1,353
|Total Enrolled||Killed or Died of Wounds||Died Disease, Acc or POW||Total Killed or Died||Total as % of Company|
|HQ Field & Staff||7+10=17||0||0||0||0||0||0||0||0||0||0.0||0.0||0.0|
* Officers % are Officers Killed or Died as a percentage
of total Officers in the Regiment rather than as a percentage of any
** Men % are Men Killed or Died as a percentage of their repective Company's Total Enrollment of Men excluding Officers.
*** Total % is Total Killed or Died as a percentage of the Total Enrollment of their respective Company (all Officers and Men)
|Officers Killed or Died of Wounds||5||8.8% of the Officers or 0.4% of the total Regimental compliment|
|Officers Died of Disease, Accidents or as a POW||0||0.0%|
|Officers Wounded||20||35.1% of Reg. Officers or 1.5% of the total Regimental compliment|
|Men Killed or Died of Wounds||160||12.3% of enlisted/NCO ranks or 11.8% of the total Regimental compliment|
|Men Died of Disease, Accidents or as a POW||164||12.7% of enlisted/NCO ranks or 12.1% of the total Regimental compliment|
|Men Wounded||265||20.4% of enlisted/NCO ranks or 19.6% of the total Regimental compliment|
|TOTAL KILLED OR DIED||329||24.3 % of the Regimental compliment (of which 41 died in CSA Prison Camps)|
|TOTAL WOUNDED||285||21.1 % of the total compliment of the Regiment|
|TOTAL DEAD & WOUNDED||614||45.4% of the total compliment of the Regiment|
The highly decorated 109th Infantry Regiment NYV was in the field under dangerous and deadly battle conditions for 11 months and 14 days from 4 May 1864 to 18 April 1865. These gallant men had survived what history would term the bloodiest 6 weeks of the Civil War (Battle of the Wilderness) and were instrumental in the collape of General Lee's army and the CSA.
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