Sample Test Questions C Introductory Unit Biology 11 Name: _______________

1. Science is from the Latin word, scientia,

a) to research

b) to know

c) to ask questions

d) to make educated guesses

2. In which sciences are laboratory experiments not necessarily performed

a) chemistry and physics

b) biology and oceanography

c) astronomy and biochemistry

d) taxonomy and certain types of geology

3. Steps in the scientific method commonly include all of the following except

a) Assumption

b) Experimentation

c) Conclusion

d) Hypothesis

4. Moving from general principles to specific conditions is referred to as

a) Inductive reasoning

b) Deductive reasoning

c) the constructive method

d) the deconstructive method

5. Moving from specific information to general principles is referred to as

a) Inductive reasoning

b) Deductive reasoning

c) the constructive method

d) the deconstructive method

6. Which of the following has the highest level of certainty

a) Observation

b) Theory

c) Law

d) Hypothesis

7. A hypothesis that has been repeatedly tested with little modification is a(n)

a) Observation

b) Theory

c) Law

d) Experiment

 

 

8. The theory of abiogenesis

a) is the theory that life could arise from non-living matter

b) is known as spontaneous generation

c) was proposed by Aristotle

d) All of the above

9. Which of the following statements about the theory of abiogenesis is true.

a) Aristotle was so persuasive in his arguments that scientists rejected the theory of abiogenesis for nearly 2000 years.

b) Aristotle was so persuasive in his arguments that scientists accepted his theory of abiogenesis for nearly 2000 years.

c) Aristotle was so unpersuasive in his arguments that scientists rejected the theory of abiogenesis for nearly 2000 years.

d) Aristotle was so persuasive in his arguments that scientists have accepted the theory of abiogenesis for the last 2000 years.

10. He placed bits of snake, eel, fish and veal in four different jars. He repeated the same steps in four other jars, but sealed the second set of containers.

a) Louis Pasteur

b) John Needham

c) Francesco Redi

d) Lazzaro Spallanzani

11. He conducted experiments to try and prove the theory of abiogenesis. He boiled beef broth for several minutes in loosely sealed flasks

a) Louis Pasteur

b) John Needham

c) Francesco Redi

d) Lazzaro Spallanzani

12. He boiled the flasks a long time and took special care to seal the flasks completely

a) Louis Pasteur

b) John Needham

c) Francesco Redi

d) Lazzaro Spallanzani

13. He used a swam necked flask to disprove the theory of abiogenesis

a) Louis Pasteur

b) John Needham

c) Francesco Redi

d) Lazzaro Spallanzani

 

 

 

 

14. Involves grouping objects, concepts, or events on the basis of observable properties to show similarities, differences, and inter-relationships.

a) Interpreting

b) Inferring

c) Predicting

d) Classifying

15. A forecast is made about future events on the basis of ordered data

a) Interpreting

b) Inferring

c) Predicting

d) Classifying

16. Suggesting more about a set of conditions than is observed, based on observed data and past experience.

a) Interpreting

b) Inferring

c) Predicting

d) Classifying

17. The process by which sense is made of the observations in the form of inferences, generalizations, or explanations

a) Interpreting

b) Inferring

c) Predicting

d) Classifying

18. If two animals are described as isotrophic they probably

a) eat the same food

b) live in isolation

c) prefer warm habitats

d) none of the above

19. A euphyll would be

a) a true plant

b) a false plant

c) a true leaf

d) a false leaf

20. A protosoma would be

a) a true body

b) a false body

c) the first body

d) a very sophisticated version of a tree

 

21. Cardialgia would describe

a) a small green plant

b) pain in the heart

c) the study of the heart

d) the study of marine plants

22. A chromocyte would describe

a) a colored cell

b) a pigmented cell

c) all of the above

d) none of the above

23. Competition between two species and within one species are respectively described as

a) interspecific competition and intraspecific competition

b) intraspecific competition and interspecific competition

c) hyperspecific competition and hypospecific competition

d) hypospecific competition and hyperspecific competition

24. The best way to describe very low water volume in your blood would be to say it is

a) at a perilevel

b) at a paralevel

c) at a hypolevel

d) at a hyperlevel

25. The best way to describe the tissue that makes up your stomach would be to call it

a) gastroderm

b) hemoderm

c) hemiderm

d) homeotrophic tissue

Written Response

1. List in order the steps the scientific method commonly includes.

 

 

 

 

 

2. Distinguish between the different "ways" to do science: naturalistic/comparative vs. experimental.

 

 

 

3. Scientists seek to relate one natural phenomenon to another and to recognize the causes and effects of phenomena. Name two phenomena scientists have found explanations for.

 

 

 

4. Spallanzani thought his experiments had disproved the theory of abiogenesis, but Needham's supporters were not ready to give up on the theory. What was their argument against Spallanzani's experimental procedure and therefore his findings?

 

 

 

5. How did Louis Pasteur deliver the final blow to the theory of abiogenesis in a repeat of Spallanzani's experiment?

 

 

 

6. As a finale in delivering the final blow to theory of abiogenesis, Louis Pasteur tipped the broth in one of the flasks, allowing it to run into the curve of the swan-necked flask. What was the result of this action?

 

 

 

7. Formulating Models involves the use of physical or mental models to describe the behavior of something that is unfamiliar. Why do they require constant vigilance?

 

 

 

8. Describe a qualitative observation of this room.

 

 

9. Describe a quantitative observation of this room.

 

 

10. Someone once said that great scientists are people who ask great questions. Ask a great question related to biology.