Biology 11: Unit 9 Review

PLANT BIOLOGY (Green Algae, Mosses, Ferns)

• examine green algae, mosses, and ferns and describe characteristics that unify each

• demonstrate the correct use of the dissection microscope

• explain the benefits of alternation of generations

• use examples of unicellular, colonial, and multicellular green algae to illustrate their diversity

• describe the ecological roles of green algae, mosses, and ferns

• describe the role of mosses as pioneer plants

• compare and contrast how ferns and mosses have adapted to a land environment

 

PLANT BIOLOGY (Gymnosperms)

• describe the characteristics that unify gymnosperms

• explain how gymnosperms are adapted for survival in a land environment with respect to the following: alternation of generations, needles, seeds, pollen, vascular tissue

• explain the role of meristems in primary and secondary stem growth

• evaluate the economic and ecological importance of gymnosperms

 

PLANT BIOLOGY (Angiosperms)

• examine angiosperms and describe characteristics that unify them

• compare and contrast the ways in which angiosperms and gymnosperms have adapted to a land environment

• use specimens to differentiate between monocots and dicots

 

ANIMAL BIOLOGY (Porifera, Cnidaria)

• examine members of the Phylum Porifera and Phylum Cnidaria and describe characteristics that unify each

• explain the process of filter feeding in a sponge

• demonstrate knowledge of the ecological roles of sponges and cnidarians

• compare and contrast polyp and medusa with respect to structure, general function, and motility

• suggest the advantages of a motile form in the life cycle of a cnidarian

• explain the evolutionary significance of multicellular (cnidarian) versus colonial (poriferan) life forms

 

ANIMAL BIOLOGY (Platyhelminthes, Nematoda, Annelida)

• examine members of the Phylum Platyhelminthes, Phylum Nematoda, and Phylum Annelida, and describe characteristics that unify each

• demonstrate safe and correct dissection techniques

• contrast the structural features of platyhelminths, nematodes, and annelids

• examine and explain physical changes that were necessary for flatworms to become parasitic

• demonstrate knowledge of the ecological roles of the platyhelminths, nematodes, and annelids

• evaluate the characteristics of a successful parasite

• compare platyhelminths, nematodes, and annelids with respect to evolutionary changes

• demonstrate knowledge of human disorders that are caused by nonsegmented nematodes

 

ANIMAL. BIOLOGY (Mollusca, Echinoderrnata)

• examine members of the Phylum Mollusca and Phylum Echinodermata and describe characteristics that unify each

• compare and contrast members of two or more classes of molluscs

• demonstrate a knowledge of the adaptations of molluscs and echinoderms

• demonstrate a knowledge of the diverse ecological roles of molluscs and echinoderms

 

ANIMAL BIOLOGY (Arthropoda)

• examine members of the Phylum Arthropoda and describe characteristics that unify them

• contrast members of two or more classes of arthropods

• demonstrate a knowledge of the adaptations of arthropods to a terrestrial environment

• demonstrate an appreciation of the diverse ecological and economic importance of arthropods

 

ANIMAL BIOLOGY (Chordata Subphylum Vertebrata)

• examine members of vertebrates and describe characteristics that unify them

• contrast members of two or more classes of vertebrates

• contrast the structure and function of the exoskeleton to the endoskeleton

• demonstrate knowledge of the diverse ecological role of vertebrates

 

ECOLOGY

describe factors that limit and control population growth

• suggest reasons for cyclic population fluctuations

• solve simple population problems based on changes in nasality, mortality, immigration, and emigration

• collect, display, and interpret data

• define and describe a pyramid of energy in terms of energy flow through an ecosystem

• demonstrate knowledge of the process of succession

• compare photosynthesis and cellular respiration in terms of the reactants, products, chemical equations, and organelles responsible

• describe the roles of photosynthesis and cellular respiration