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Slowly, Slowly Catchee Monkey

Greetings From The Heart of Scouting!

Gee! Thanks guys of the Northern hemisphere for sending back our warm Zimbabwean sun. It's really 'cool' of you (and way over 30'c here). Yes, it is September 22 and as you know, it is the equinox and my period of hibernation during Zimbabwe's winter months has come to an end. So, now it's back to the key board to let you know what is happening in the "Heart of Scouting". But, first a short resume of what has been happening during the news black out, during winter.


Equinox moon rise over Shumbashaba 22-09-2013

Last nights Spring Equinox - the full moon rising over ShumbaShaba
taken through the gates at Gordon Park.

There is never a dull moment in that little corner of the Matobo Hills, where, nestling under the watchful eye of "Gordon Park Rock", a magnificent Scout camping ground is located; which reminds me, I haven't heard from the 'Silent G.P. Observer' for several years. I will have to give him a call on the Kudu horn some time and get the latest news. You know, he is a mine of information as to what is going on in the Park and the Hills in general.

The re-painting of "The Stables", that is the accommodation for Commissioners when running Scout Leader or Scout courses, has taken far longer than what I had imagined. The reason for this is that a fair amount of repair work became necessary when I had a close look at the surfaces to be re-painted. Cracked walls due to subsidence of foundations since the 1960's when the buildings were constructed, plaster that had broken away, termites; those delightful white ants that can cause so much damage to the woodwork, usually behind what the eye sees. Even the electrical wiring had to be replaced where a junction box had been inadvertently left open all those years ago, an invitation for the squirrels to have a feast and consequently a short circuit, resulting in a black out when a particular light was switched on. Woodwork had to be replaced as well as cracked windows and putty that had shriveled up and fallen out of the frames under the rays of an unrelenting sun over many years.


Mtsheleli vlei bushfire

The rageing bushfire infront of Shumbshaba,
being blown up the Mtsheleli vlei,
devouring everything in its path
and adding to Global warming.
Oh but for a few fire-breaks...

Work also continued in clearing up some of the fire damage suffered in 2011. The charred remains of many of the trees that had been destroyed, are slowly finding their way onto the fuel wood racks at the Naomi Conoly Lodge and at Headquarters. The pumping of water into the reservoirs has slowed down to literally a trickle, as for two successive wet seasons the rains ended early and the water table in the wetlands, in our case the Mtsheleli vlei, has dropped to such a point that the pools of water are shrinking by the day. Then to add to this, a veldt-fire swept up the vlei from the south in May so exposing the fragile wetlands to further drying out by the sun. Even the protective cover of re-growth of the reeds and Jaragua Grass (Hyparrhenia rufa) has not gone beyond a sparse green flush.

Then there were interruptions when work had to be put on hold owing to preparations for activities to be held at the Park. These activities took precedence and there have been plenty of camps to keep our Scouts occupied and interested in being Scouts. There are other reasons for the slow pace of work, but generally progress has been made and the entire project will continue for at least another year. I don't think I will ever get bored for want of something to do. What is that Indian saying - "slowly, slowly catchee monkey."

To get you fully up to date with all that has been happening will be written about in future news letters as they will connect to events coming up in the future.

Cheers
Norman

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These past few months...

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RE: Gordon Park Newsletter 178
Greetings Scottless (Your nick name form the ’75 Jamboree)
Loved reading that – thanks.
Mol (Richard Millar)
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From: The Friends of the Natural History Museum of Zimbabwe mailto:friendsnhz@gmail.com
Subject: Events in September 2013 at the Natural History Museum
Dear Friends
Upcoming events at Museum in September:-
... International Scientists Lena and Paul Bottriell from the Rex Foundation England will give a presentation on Thursday 26th September at 1pm entitled: The Cheetah: The Geographic Imperative of King Cheetah renown as the biggest Cheetah Phylogeographical Study yet undertaken. Entrance by Donation. Refreshments available.
Thursday 26th September at 5.15pm the fourth lecture in the Water, A precious Gift series will be by Dr. Yogi Naik: Are we poisoning ourselves through polluting our water systems? Entrance by Donation. Refreshments available.
We look forward to seeing you all at these presentations - and bring a friend!

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"From the Archives..."

Photos from Kilimanjaro Scout Expedition 2011
In preperation for the 2013 Christmas Expedition, click here to see the two thousand brilliant giant photos that have just been put on the internet, of the 1st Bulawayo (Pioneer) Scout Troops 2011 Kilimanjaro Expedition:-
http://s1283.photobucket.com/user/hylto/library/Kilimanjaro%20Scout%20Expedition%202011

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"Thought for The Week"
If at first you dont succeed... then skydiving isnt for you. (with thanks to Colin Smith's Facebook)
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Do you have a small/home Business or website? Place your free advert/jump here!


Black Rhino Safaris
Day & Overnight Tours
Around Zimbabwe - Matobo Hills

Please call Norman or Christine: Land line: 09-263-9-243987
Mobile: +263-712 221 284 / 773 288 946
Email: blackrhinosafaris1976 @gmail.com
www.blackrhinosafaris.co.uk/matobo.htm

Design, Origination and Printing Calendars
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Tel: 09 78831, 880591/3, 880598 / Fax:09 78835

The African Wanderer
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Hunting and Photographic Safaris

Tel: +(263)(9) 241787
Cell:- + (263) (0) 772 224 069
Email wanderer @yoafrica.com
www.African-Wanderer.com

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Mealie Brand
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Phone (263) (09) 71363/4/5
Fax: (263) (09) 71365
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MOTOR MAINTENANCE SYSTEMS
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       Paul's Pest       
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Acacia
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P.O.Box FM 509, Famona, Bulawayo
Tel 242795, 242796, 242797, 247214
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Safari Insurance Brokers PL t/a
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Offices in Gauteng, Mpumaianga, Western Cape, Eastern Cape,
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Cell +(263) 772 211 156
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Hillside Dams
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Office: +(263)(9) 885333
Dam: +(263)(9) 242490
estate @hillsidedams.com
www.hillsidedams.com
Banff Rd, Hillside.
P.O.Box Fm690
Famona

Chase Marine
For all your Boats/Outboard Engines/Spares
12th Ave/R.Mugabe Way,     
Bulawayo
Tel: +(263) (9) 68502, 70376
sales@chasemarine.com
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Tel: 244911/2/4

My SPAR : Good for me!

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Zimbabwe
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Safeguard when security
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Fortwell Wholesale
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Corner 23rd Ave & Doncaster Rd Belmont
33-12th Avenue/Herbert Chitepo St
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Colbro Transport
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Drillwell
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P.O.Box 8593 Belmont Bulawayo Zimbabwe
Tel: +(263)(9) 467549 / 460580 / 474957
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e-mail: drillwell @netconnect.co.zw

Lobels Biscuits
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P.O.Box 8099 Belmont Bulawayo Zimbabwe
Tel: +(263)(9) 69831
Fax: +(263)(9) 69839

Rowallan Adventure Park, Matobo National Park
Box Fm 493, Famona, Bulawayo, Zimbabwe
www.khamienterprises.com
Rowallan
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ksf @khami.co.zw

ANDREW BARKER
  Development Consultant
Trp(SA), Bsc. TRP. CVE (SA)

144 Berrymead Avenue,
Mondeor, Johannesburg,
2091 South Africa
Tel/Fax: +27 (0)11 680 9791
andrew @andrewbarker.co.za
     Postal: PO Box 1073
Mondeor, 2110
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Mobile: +27 (0)83 274 4424
www.andrewbarker.co.za

Black Rhino Safaris
Day & Overnight Tours
Around Zimbabwe - Matobo Hills

Please call Norman or Christine: Land line: 09-263-9-243987
Mobile: +263-712 221 284 / 773 288 946
Email: blackrhinosafaris1976 @gmail.com
www.blackrhinosafaris.co.uk/matobo.htm

MATOBO CONSERVATION SOCIETY
NEWSLETTER 84
AUGUST 2013
www.matobo.org

1 – ANNUAL GENERAL MEETING
This year’s Annual General Meeting will not only be a celebration of 20 years, but will also see a degree of changing of the guard as a number of our Committee members are not available for election. So it is important that our members give this some thought and support our AGM to ensure that we elect a fresh and revitalised Committee. Both the Chairman and Secretary are not available, and a number of members.

2 – AGM, 2013
The MCS will celebrate its 20th Anniversary this year, and to mark the occasion a special AGM will be held on 24th November. More information will be contained in a special Newsletter, but the plans are –
i) The AGM itself will be held in Pomongwe cave
ii) Maleme Rest Camp has been reserved in full for the MCS for the evening of 23rd November
iii) A special anniversary dinner will be hosted that evening, including a string quartet
July 2013 also marks the 10th Anniversary of the inscription of the Matobo Hills as a World Heritage Site so this will be a double celebration! We trust that this date has already been recorded in your diary – if note be sure to make it a date!

3 – ZITF
Just prior to the ZITF the Society received an appeal from Dr Norman Monks for assistance with the Zimbabwe Parks and Wildlife Management Authority stand at the ZITF. Your Society was able to secure sponsorship, and staff, whilst thatching grass and other materials were supplied by the Matopos National Park. In record time a structure was erected, though the final thatching was not finished until after the exhibition closed. In the past the ZPWMA relied on temporary tents – it now has a permanent thatch structure which should see many years of service. We hope our members will be able to visit the completed stand in 2014!

4 – WORLD ENVIRONMENT DAY
We had a very poor turnout for the “Maleme Clean Up” on 22nd June. However, the time was used to plan for a more detailed exercise and Falcon College and Quest have undertaken to run this exercise on our behalf in the third school term. Three species of cactus have been identified, and these will be removed and destroyed. We are appreciative of the support from Falcon College and Quest.

5 – MATOPOS CLASSIC MTB
The annual three day Matopos Classic MTB event will be staged from 20th to 22nd September. The race will be based out of Camp Dwala, with new and interesting routes. On the Friday, the ride will take competitors to a lofty dwala on the side of Sotcha, where racing will be abandoned and drinks and snacks enjoyed whilst the sun sets, and an almost full moon rises. Then, with head-lamps burning, the riders will return down the kopje in the dark and back to camp for dinner. Saturdays ride will incorporate a new route, much within the Mazhowe valley. On the Sunday, the race will cross the hills to incorporate the Matopos World Rhino Day celebrations at Sandy Spruit, before returning to the finish line! Whilst this event is not staged to the same degree as the Matopos Heritage ride (in March) it has developed a reputation of its own, and is well supported by mountain cyclists. Contact the Secretary if you want to enter! Proceeds from the event will be donated to the Society to support our various projects.

6 - NEXT EVENT
Date 8 September 2013
Venue Badja Secondary School
Meet 8:15am to leave by 8:30am, Churchill Arms Hotel
Travel All vehicles, trucks preferred.
Details Provide own chairs, tables, meals and drinks. Don’t forget your hat!
This school, which is located near Fumugwe is part of the Dambari Wildlife Trust Bio-Diversity project that has received funding from the MCS. Farayi, of Dambari, will accompany us to explain the objectives of the project and the work done at that site. The drive will take about two hours – yes that’s a long time, but the drive itself through the south-western hills will prove to be part of the interest and is beautiful.

7 – REPORT BACK
On 15th May we travelled out once again on the Old Gwanda Road to make camp at Dzazi Dam (on the Sigiti River). The first winter weather had blown in during the night, so the day was cool and pretty wet on the southern escarpment of the Matopos. But this did not deter our band of explorers! After the obligatory tea, tucked away in a sheltered corner (and the sun came out to cheer us up) the fitter members set off to visit Mbolele cave, whilst others got out their fishing rods to try their luck in the dam. The walk was delightful, mostly through Brachystegia forest, though the climb was a little tricky given the wet rock. After a “perfect scramble” the team got into the cave – more of a large rock shelter, and enjoyed the fine grain bins, and interesting art. The view out was also appreciated. Then back to the path and homeward bound. After a late lunch, the convoy packed up and wound its way back to Bulawayo. As is so often the case, the day was delightful despite the potentially poor weather, and the cave was interesting.

8 – SUBSCRIPTIONS
The AGM maintained subscriptions for the year 1 October 2012 to 30 September 2013 at the same level as that which prevailed in 2012. US$ 20 Individual/Family; US$ 5 Special Member (Pensioner/Student); US$100 Corporate; We urge members to settle their dues. At the same time you are encouraged to invite potential members to join the Society. Friends are always welcome at our quarterly events – and hopefully will join the Society thereafter. New subscriptions were due from 1 October 2012.

9 – CALENDAR 2013
Proposed dates for the 2013 field trips are listed below, but as always subject to alteration.
Sun 21/07/2013 Postponed due to the General Election.
Sun 08/09/2013 Bhadja Sec School (in IBA) with Dambari & BLZ
Sat 23/11/2013 MCS 20th Anniversary Dinner
Sun 24/11/2013 MCS AGM

10 – www.MATOBO.ORG
Duncan is working on an upgraded web site. We hope you have been online to see the information on hand, check pictures from our last outing, and to see what is happening in the Matopos. We can also be found on Facebook via a search on “Matobo Conservation”.

11 – MCS APPAREL
The Society has just received a limited stock of sleeveless fleece jackets, in Matopos Grey with gold MCS logo. These are available at $20 each, from the Secretary at Portland House (Main St/13th Ave) in sizes from S to XXL. We still have stocks of hats and caps (at $10 each) and we are looking into shirts and other apparel. CD’s are also available.

12 – SANDY SPRUIT
Your Society is assisting other NGO’s and private volunteers (including social cyclists) to repair the sandy Spruit ablution block ahead of World Rhino Day on 22nd September. The original thatch building was burnt down some years ago in a veldt fire, but the repairs will be done with fibre cement roofing.

13 – MATOBO RHINO INITIATIVE TRUST
(With acknowledgment to Sharon Stead) The Matopos Rhino Fence project officially began at the public meeting held at the Bulawayo club on the 15th September 2012. At the meeting the project gained overwhelming support from stakeholders and the general public and thus it was decided to go ahead. The Matobo Rhino imitative trust was set up to facilitate the project and put a business plan together to implement the project and plan for the future. The Trust has 7 Trustees
Sharon Stead – Chairman and Safari Operator
Oscar Nyathi – National Parks
Effort Nkomo – Rhodes Matopos Committee
John Burton – Safari Operator
Gordon Geddes – Legal matters
Barry Knight – Finance
Colin Gilles – Wildlife Society.
At the start there was enthusiastic funding with US$55 000 raised in cash and a further US$10 000 pledged in the form of equipment and support. I would like to say at this point a big thanks to the Matopos Conservation Society their contribution. Greatly appreciated and very helpful. The project had to face numerous obstacles at the start. The main one being National Parks approval which was a stop/ start affair. Through real perseverance we have pushed on and now happy to report that significant progress has been made. Due to delays at the start, the trust had to modify its plan and have given out most of the starting erection as contracts. Again a big thanks go to National Fencing and Fence Africa. The fence construction began 1 km West of Bambata cave, primarily as this was deemed the most sensitive boundary. The fence went west to the Northern/Western point and then proceeded south where we are now about half way down the Western boundary. Almost immediately the effects are being felt. National Parks has renewed enthusiasm and feel they have a chance to protect the Wildlife. The community has been very involved in the erection and the elders are feeling a sense of ownership of the area. Cattle have been patrolling up and down without access. Most importantly the Rhino are a step closer to being well protected. Mr Nyathi has had positive anti-poaching results with no Rhino poached this year and 2 births. We don’t want to say too much, but feel good about making things better. There have been a lot of people who have contributed with their time, a special mention to Paul Hubbard. We are now getting thin with finances and need support to maintain momentum. The Trust plans to hold an event on 22nd September 2013 – World Rhino Day. It is proposed that it will be held at Sandy Spruit and will involve new entry signage and the erection of a “Shop window” section of fence at the entry gate in front of Sandy Spruit Dam. Our Trust and the project have endured criticism, but we are not discouraged and will continue to help the Park, the Rhino and the community. We are driven to re-establish the parks reputation as an area of outstanding beauty and want Matopos to be known as the best place to view Rhino in the World.

14 – WORLD RHINO DAY; MATOPOS 22nd SEPTEMBER 2013
The Matobo Rhino Fun Day is being hosted at Sandy Spruit on World Rhino Day, September 22nd and our members are invited to attend. It starts at sandy Spruit at 10:00am. The entrance fee will be $20 per Adult and $10 per child. All entry proceeds will go to the Matopos Fence Project, so hopefully will be seen as a donation rather than entry. The entry fee includes:
Light Braai Lunch
A drink
Participation in the sponsored 5km walk
Bested Dressed Rhino competition – prizes by Lodges in Matopos.
Cycle ride
Part of the Rhino fence will be erected on site during the event
An auction of Rhino Paintings and Prints.
Speeches by prominent people and National Parks about the Matopos Rhino.
Full bar available.
The event is generally for the public to support the Matopos Fence effort which in turn protects our precious Rhino population, and to hear about developments in the park. Our members are invited to get involved in any way they can from promoting the event to helping run events on the day among other things. The MCS has already been a kind sponsor of 1km of materials for the fence and so we look forward to further support from our members as we celebrate World Rhino Day. Contact the Secretary if you would like to participate in this worthwhile event, Matopos 22nd September.

15 – NATIONAL RHINO DAY; BULAWAYO, 21st SEPTEMBER 2013
MESSAGE FROM ENVIRONMENT AFRICA, Charlene Hewat, CEO, Environment Africa
Dear All
This year’s National Rhino Day Event, 22nd September, will hopefully be celebrated in Bulawayo on the 21st September. National Parks is coordinating the event and requires as many stakeholders as possible to get involved. Last year the event was held in Harare and it was a great success and I know that Bulawayo will rise to the occasion and do something amazing for our rhino. National Parks will be getting in touch to set up a meeting with stakeholders in Bulawayo so please if you have any other organisations, individuals, companies who you think would like to get involved please kindly send us their contact details. There is a team working with National Parks on establishing a National RHINO Trust Fund and the framework is currently being worked on together with the Trust document. We have had meetings with CABS who have asked for a framework document which is being prepared and they seem very keen to come on board and assist. Once the draft has been done we shall be circulating this for input from stakeholders interested in being part of this National initiative. It would be fantastic to bring individuals, organisations, companies, youth and our children together for the RHINO in Zimbabwe. Uniting together for RHINO. Contact the Secretary if you would like to assist in this worthwhile event in Bulawayo, 21st September 2013.

16 – RHINO DAY GOLF DAY
Dambari Wildlife Trust will be holding their annual Golf day on 21st September. This is a four ball better ball competition, with great prizes to be won. Entry is $20. Call Bulawayo Golf Club on 231 428 to book your T-off time, or Verity on 0772 255 998. Let’s support this worthwhile cause. Dambari Wildlife Trust is actively involved in research within the Matopos, with a special focus on the Rhino.

17 – PLANTS IN ROCK ART
(With acknowledgement to Paul Hubbard, Associate Researcher, Monuments and Antiquities Department, Natural History Museum, Bulawayo. A version of this article was first published in in 2013 in The Digging Stick 30 (1): 16-17.)
Introduction
Rock art studies have tended to study aspects of the art in isolation from one another, thus some authors have concentrated on interpreting animals or people or the strange abstract figures found so often on the walls of shelters and caves. This approach leads to a pigeon-hole effect in rock art studies which is often combined with “ethnographic snap” whereby researchers tend to look for similarities between Bushman beliefs and the art on the walls and then claim one explains the other. That said, some thoughts are offered on one neglected category of paintings, that of plants in general. Following the interpretive work of Garlake (1995), Lewis-Williams (1981 & passim), Mguni (2002, 2009), and others, as well as a vast array of historical and ethnographic data, it is clear that there is religious and spiritual function, meaning and symbolism behind all images painted on the walls. Paintings were not created randomly nor was there a lack of purpose.
Plants in the Rock Art of Zimbabwe
Plants were essential sources of medicine, bedding, hallucinogens, tools, weaving materials and even shelter for hunter-gatherers in Zimbabwe. Paintings of plants are widespread in Zimbabwe, although they are far from common when compared to other categories such as animals or humans. Trees are the most commonly painted category of plants. They are most often shown in profile, with slender trunks, skeletal branches and occasionally roots. The trees often thus appear as caricatures and should be seen as representations of ideas rather than attempts to define a species. Trees are often painted in association with animals and people. Often people, as thin and stylised as the trees, are shown touching the trunk or reaching into the branches. Paintings of trees in Mashonaland (Garlake 1995; Goodall 1959), are elaborate, often with leaves and fruits. The trees painted in the south, especially the Matobo Hills are stylised, mostly lacking roots, with rudimentary branches and leaves. Some smaller blobs have been said to represent flowers and underground tubers and bulbs (e.g. Cooke 1959, 1964; Erwee 1987 a, b; Goodall 1959) but this cannot be comfortably confirmed. In general, species are seldom identifiable although this has not stopped numerous authors making less than convincing attempts (e.g. Cooke 1959, 1964; Goodall 1959; Mguni 2009; Mitchell & Hudson 2004). Trees and other plant-like eidolons are often associated with formlings (Mguni 2002, 2009) as well as groups of dots and flecks indicating a deeper meaning, perhaps associated with potency (Garlake 1995: 101) as well as the spirit world (Mguni 2002).
“The Sap of the Spirit”: Plants in Rock Art
Mguni (2002, 2009) has made a convincing argument that certain plants and trees had qualities and associations beyond the natural world. Ethnographic evidence from the Kalahari and elsewhere shows how the hunter-gatherers valued the arboreal world as much as the animal or human realms and trees figure largely in many creation myths and religious metaphors (cf. Mguni 2009: 143-145). Given the greater quantity of painted sites, the role of plants in Zimbabwean rock art seems to be different to that elsewhere in the region. Mashonaland in general has many more sites with trees and plants than the rest of the country (cf. Goodall 1959) and as Cooke (1964: 11) noted, “there must be a reason for the greater number of tree paintings north of the 20° parallel.” There is a very strong likelihood that, given their associations with formlings and other complex friezes paintings of trees and plants are related to episodes of trancing and access to the spirit world. “Unfortunately there is no collection of local San folklore to sustain this possibility and it is based on the suspect evidence of juxtapositioning and numbers, neither of which has been documented (Erwee 1987b: 14). Using creation myths and folklore from various sources (e.g. Bleek 1956; Bleek & Lloyd 1911; Stow 1905; Thomas 1959), Mguni (2009) has revealed many facets of Bushman beliefs that inform interpretation of tree and plant rock paintings. The caricaturisation of trees, focusing mainly on roots, trunk and branches relates to the way trees were conceptualised as bridges, links between the spirit world (God's realm) and the real world, where most people lived. “Metaphors of trees are frequently associated with divinities in hunter-gatherer belief” and some were even “avatars of the gods” (Mguni 2009: 145).
References & Further Reading Bleek, D.F. 1956. A Bushman dictionary. New Haven: American Oriental Society. Bleek, W.H.I. & Lloyd, L.C. 1911. Specimens of Bushman folklore. London: George Allen. Cooke, C.K. 1959. Rock art of Matabeleland. In Prehistoric rock art of the Federation of Rhodesia and Nyasaland. Summers, R. (ed.), 112-162. Salisbury: National Publications Trust. Cooke, C.K. 1964. Animals in Southern Rhodesian Rock Art. Arnoldia 1 (13): 1-22. Erwee, D. 1987a. Plants and Rock Art. Part Two: Bulbs and Things. The Gem 2 (5): 20-24. Erwee, D. 1987b. Plants and Rock Art. Part Three: The sap of the spirit. The Gem 2 (6): 11-16. Erwee, D. 1987c. Plants and Rock Art. Part Four. The Gem 2 (7): 18-23. Garlake, P.S. 1995. The Hunter's Vision: The Prehistoric Art of Zimbabwe. London: British Museum Press. Goodall, E. 1959. The rock paintings of Mashonaland. In Prehistoric rock art of the Federation of Rhodesia and Nyasaland. Summers, R. (ed.), 3-111. Salisbury: National Publications Trust. Henning, H. & le Clus, F. 2011. Why are so few plants depicted in rock art? The Digging Stick 28 (3): 1-4. Lewis-Williams, J.D. 1981. Believing and seeing. Symbolic meanings in southern San rock paintings. London: Academic Press. Mguni, S. 2002. Continuity and change: Some aspects of the enigmatic tree and “formling” motifs in the rock art of Matopo Hills, Zimbabwe. Unpublished MA thesis, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg. Mguni, S. 2009. Natural and Supernatural Convergences: Trees in Southern African Rock Art. Current Anthropology 50 (1): 139-148. Mitchell, P.J. & Hudson, A. 2004. Psychoactive plants and southern African hunter-gatherers: a review of the evidence. Southern African Humanities 16: 39-57. Parry, E. 2000. Legacy on the Rocks: The Prehistoric Hunter-Gatherers of the Matopo Hills, Zimbabwe. Oxford: Oxbow Books. Stow, G.W. 1905. The native races of South Africa. Lon- don: Swan Sonnenschein. Thomas, E.M. 1959. The harmless people. New York: Knopf. Walker, N.J. 1996. The Painted Hills: Rock Art of the Matopas. Gweru: Mambo Press.

18 – ALOES
The Matopos boasts 6 aloe species, though Aloe Tauri was “recorded” in the 1900’s but has not been located since (this would be the 7th Aloe species and if it does occur, is likely to be found in the far south-eastern Matopos near Lumane falls). Our aloes mostly come into flower in the winter months; when the veld has lost much of its colour they burst into flower from May through to July. The first to flower is the Aloe Chabaudii, a smallish, grey leaved aloe found on dwalas. It has a delicate pink flower, quite noticeable against the grey dwala. At times, the pink can be quite glossy. This winter two remarkable colour forms were found –
1. A Chabaudii that had bi coloured perianths. The base of the perianth was a deep pink, and the tip white, so that the flower appeared to have been frosted like icing on a cake. It was a striking and the flower quite unlike any other Chabaudii flower that I have seen.
2. Three yellow Chabaudii were also found. They had a clear yellow bud, and when opened a lemon colour perianth. As they flowered and fell off, so they turned to a light soft orange, then pink. The yellow flower was striking and whilst this form has been recorded, it is believed that this is the first time in the Matopos. As they were in good sunshine, I am certain that this colour was not due to any lack of sunshine.
After the Chabaudii, the Aloe Aculeata, or red hot poker comes into flower, in June. The aloe is a large ground species. This impressive flower is always bi-coloured, red turning to orange or yellow as they open. These are followed by Greatheadii, a small aloe with spotted leaves, buried in the grass, and with an impossibly tall flower stem (up to 2m) with a soft pink widely spaced perianths. This is followed in July by the Aloe Excelsa, which is well known to us all as it is the tall aloe living up to its name! With its often multi-headed candelabra, normally in deep glossy red, sometimes in bright orange, and rarely in a red flower that opens white, the flowers are always quite distinctive in the late winter months. The bi-coloured Excelsa’s are very rare, and only two locations in the Matopos are presently known. The Aloe Criptopoda flowers in July, but this is a rare aloe, tucked amongst the rocks, and so rarely seen. It too has a glossy red flower, but the raceme is not as dense as the Excelsa, giving this an elegant appearance. Finally the Aloe Zebrina flowers in February, not too dissimilar to the Greatheadii, but a deeper pink, and shorter stem, and thicket raceme. Of particular interest this year were a number of hybrids that were found. These included – Aloe Excelsa x Aloe Acculeata
Aloe Excelsa x Aloe Greatheadii
Aloe Excelsa x Aloe Chabaudii
Aloe Chabaudii x Aloe Acculeata
Aloe Chabaudii x Aloe Greatheadii.
Some of these, such as the Excelsa x Acculeata, are not uncommon, but others such as the Excelsa x Greatheadii are a first time recording in the Matopos. Though not recorded this year, an Aloe Excelsa x Aloe Criptopoda has been recorded near Mtshashasha Falls in the Matopos. The plant structures and flowers of these hybrids have proved to be fascinating, as the plant carries genes from both parents. Attempts are being made to rear second generation plants, to see what they might look like. Of course they hybridisation will have been diluted. Not surprisingly no hybrids with Aloe Zebrina have been recorded due to the different flowering seasons, and the search goes on for the missing Aloe Tauri! During the winter months, I would get on my bicycle every Sunday and ride for a couple of hours, covering about 60kms, admiring the scenery and looking at the aloes. Anything of particular interest would result in a vehicular visit the following week-end, and often one discovery would lead to another. So cycling, aloe hunting and keeping fit all came together during the not so chilly winter months!

19 – OBITUARY : ERROL WOLHUTER
Errol Wolhuter was born in Bulawayo in 1938, and was educated at Milton High School before studying law at the University of Cape Town. He was admitted to the Southern Rhodesia Bar in 1964, and completed his Conveyancing qualifications in 1965. Errol was a highly respected legal advisor, and his opinion was sought far and wide. His passing is a great loss to the legal profession. Having grown up in Bulawayo it was not unusual that Errol developed a real passion for the bush. He was a long-time member of the Wildlife and Environment Society, taking part in countless Game Counts over many years. He loved visiting the Hwange National Park, more than just a break from the stress of work – a recharging of the soul! In his quite manner, he was an expert on wildlife and birdlife. And his passion extended to the Matopos, where he became a member of our Society almost from inception. He was initially a regular participant in our field trips, until some years ago difficulty in walking caught up with him! But he would enjoy the solitude and quite beauty of the “old Hills” and frequently would travel out to enjoy a picnic in the National Park, or some other part of the Matopos. Errol provided much sound advice (legal and general) to the Society, always on a pro-deo basis, and so unofficially became our legal advisor. His wisdom and guidance will be missed. Errol passed away in Johannesburg on 10th July 2013 after a short illness and surgery, and leaves behind his faithful wife of 50 years, Ann, two sons, Barry and Neil, and four grandchildren. We extend our sympathy to the Wolhuter family on the passing of a real gentleman. You will be missed.

20 – OBITUARY : MARY FRIEND
(With appreciation to Adele Edwards)
Mary Friend was a founder member, for several years a committee member, and always a staunch supporter of Matobo Conservation Society, attending many of the outings and events. She passed away, after a brief illness, on 20 June at the age of 81. As Mary liked to tell people she knew me from before I was born, having been bridesmaid at the wedding of my parents Dennis & Wendy Le Cordeur. I have many happy memories of leisure time spent out-of-doors with Mary and her family. Mary’s father was a small mine worker and as a child, when she wasn’t in boarding school at the Bulawayo Convent, she spent much of her time in remote parts of Matabeleland where she developed a passion and enthusiasm for the bush and all its creatures, and an eye for beauty – characteristics that were to remain with her throughout her life and that she passed on to many others In particular I remember fishing trips and picnics in the Matopos. Mary was always a good cook and while in later years she is probably better remembered for her delicious jams and preserves and her tasty Sunday lunches shared with many friends, in earlier days her specialty was producing giant brunches cooked in the plough disk over a wood fire. Her camp was always very well organized, from the canvas basin on its wooden tripod, to the ice in the vacuum flask ensuring a cold drink on the hottest day, and the scoff box – a tall narrow box containing not only the table cloth and enough crockery and cutlery to provide for twenty people but also the tin opener, the corkscrew, the sharp knife and the salt - that someone else had inevitably forgotten. As a keen gardener and floral artist she also always had her secateurs somewhere close to hand, useful not only for taking an interesting sample but also for removing that irritating thorn or shrub. Many of these items continued to make trips into the Matopos with Mary right up until our last MCS outing together in mid-May. Mary was probably best known for her talent as an artist, and in particular for her paintings of the Matopos, where her love for the area shone through. On MCS outings we would often drop out of the convoy so Mary could take a photograph of a scene that had caught her fancy and that she thought she might want to paint. Her paintings adorn the homes of people around the world, who look at the scenes and remember a place they have known and loved. Mary also used her skill to illustrate the first MCS brochure to be produced, on Matopos National Park, and also the one on flora of the Matopos. In latter years on MCS outings Mary has chosen to come with her paints, or her bird book and binoculars, or her crossword, content to sit and absorb the beauty and tranquillity of the Matopos while others tackled more energetic pursuits. More often than not some-one would decide to stay and ‘keep Mary company’ – really an excuse not to tackle a two hour hike and climb – and lively discussions and a few beers would follow. Mary’s contributions to MCS will long be remembered and her presence will be missed on future outings and we extend our condolences to the family.

21 – TREE FIELD TRIP
We are planning a tree field trip for Sunday 6th October 2013. Venue and details will follow, but make a note in your diary!

22 – REMINDER
Don’t forget the Annual General Meeting at Pomongwe cave on Sunday 24th November, preceded by a dinner at Maleme Rest Camp on the evening of the 23rd November, and overnight stay at Maleme!

Dear MCS members
For those of you who have Internet, herewith a link to the Environment Africa digital magazine GREENLINE, which contains some interesting reading and stunning pictures.
http://www.greenlineafrica-emag.org/reader/?4a659df8-f84b-11e2-8be0-4fd608ff7ab7#/0
Downloading the PDF version should be avoided unless you have a broadband connection, as it is a very big file
Many Thanks
Jean

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Matabeleland Scout Website www.angelfire.com/sc/matabeles/
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Bulawayo, 25th Sept 2013


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