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The Uses of Ser and Estar

Ser and Estar are two completely different verbs that both mean "to be." I know, it's strange, Estar means to be in a terporary sense and ser means to be in a more permanent sense. This is not always the case. It is just an easier way for you to remember it. To begin our learning, we have a chart explaining the present tense conjugation of ser and estar.
Ser Estar
Singular Plural Singular Plural
First Estoy Estamos Soy Somos
Second Estás Eres
Third Está Están Es Son

The verb ser is used in the following ways:

The verb estar is used in the following ways (El verbo estar está usado en estas maneras):

If you have have any questions or problems with the uses of ser and estar or would like to tell me something about this page. Please mail me at and use the subject "Ser v. Estar" in your letter.


© 1997 by Joseph Holder