Africa is largest of three great projections in the south of the principal mass of the surface of the ground. It includes in its remarkably regular contour by sector, of C. 30.244.050 km2 (11.677.240 mi2), including the islands. Separated from Europe by the Mediterranean sea, it is adhered in Asia at its end of the North-East by the Isthmus of Suez, 130 kilometers (80 miles) with far. The most Scandinavian point, Close-cropped Ben Sakka in Morocco, the west of the White course, in 37°21 ' N, more towards the south at the point, course Agulhas in South Africa, 34°51' 15 "S, is a distance roughly of 8.000 kilometers (5.000 miles); from the Green Cape, 17°33' 22 "W, the point westernmost, in Ras Hafun in Somalia, 51°27' 52" E, projection more towards the east, is a distance (also roughly) of 7.400 kilometers (4.600 miles). The length of the littoral is 26.000 kilometers (16.100 miles) and the absence of the major impressions of the shore is shown by the fact that Europe, which covers only 9.700.000 km2 (3.760.000 square miles), has a littoral of 32.000 kilometers (19.800 miles). Principal structural lines of the unintermitting exposure both the East-West characteristic of direction, at least in the Eastern hemisphere, of the north parts of the world, and the direction of north-to-south seen in the southernmost peninsulas. Africa is composed thus of two segments perpendicularly, Scandinavian operation the East-West one, the Southerner of north in the south, the lines of subordinate corresponding mainly to these two directions.
Asia is the central and Eastern part of Eurasia, defined by Europe of subtraction of Eurasia. Asia is regarded as a continent of its clean or a part of the continent of Eurasia. The exact borders are vaguely defined, particularly between Asia and Europe: the delimitation between Asia and Africa is the isthmus of Suez. The border between Asia and Europe functions by the intermediary of Dardanelles, the Marmara Sea, of Bosphorus, the Black Sea, the edges of the Caucasus (according to others, by the depression of Kuma-Manych), of the Caspian Sea, the river of Ural (according to others, the river of Emba) and mountains of Ural with Novaya Zemlya. Approximately 60 percent of the human population of the world live in Asia. Political Asia as division includes/understands the part of Eurasia and close islands in the Indian Pacific Oceans and, often other than Russia. Did the word Asia write English by the intermediary of Latin of the ancient Greek (Asia; to also see the list of traditional Greek place names), initially certified in Herodotus, where it is referred to the minor of Asia, or for the goals of the wars Persians, with the Persan empire in opposition to Greece and Egypt. Homer knows an ally of Trojan called Asios, the son of Hyrtacus, a governor above several cities, and also described a marsh as 461). The Greek limit was probable of Assuwa, one 14th confederation of century BEFORE JESUS CHRIST of the states in ancient Anatolia. The "good" assu- hittite is a probable element in this name. Elamites numeous in the east was called like, and at least one Aryan on the central Eurasian steppes was called Asi. Alternativement, the final etymology of the limit can be asu of word of Akkadian, which means "to leave" or "to rise", referring to the direction sun with the sunrise in the Middle East. Compare with this the suggestion for the etymology of Europe of the erebu Sémitique "to the unit". The reasons for the names of Asia and Europe would be reflected thus, just like the limits the East and occident (the Anatolia names and Raising mean in the same way the "lever sun"). This suggestion is largely quoted, but it suffers owing to the fact that Anatolia of Akkadian or a prospect generally Sémitique is not located in the east. See also the geography of Asia. As already mentioned, Asia is a subregion of Eurasia. For other subdivisions based on this limit, to see Eurasia of north and central Eurasia. Some Asian countries extend beyond Asia. See the country of Bicontinental for details about the borderline cases between Asia and Europe, Asia and Africa and Asia and Oceania.
Europe has a long history of the cultural and economic achievement, starting as of Palaeolithic. The origins of the democratic and individualistic culture Western are often allotted in ancient Greece. The Roman empire divided the continent along the Rhine and of the Danube during several centuries. After the decline of the Roman empire, Europe wrote a long period of stasis, known under the name of "dark ages" with the thinkers of the Rebirth and like "average ages" with the explanation and the modern historians. During this time, the monastic communities of insulation in Ireland and knowledge carefully elsewhere safeguarded and compiled accumulated previously. The Rebirth and the new monarchs marked the one period beginning of discovery, exploration, and increase in scientific knowledge. At the 15th century Portugal opened the age of the discoveries, followed soon from Spain. They later were adhered by France, the Netherlands and Great Britain in great colonial empires of building with vast possessions in Africa, in Americas, and Asia. After the age of the discovery, the ideas of the democracy took the catch in Europe. The fights for independence emerged, in particular to France for the period known under the name of French revolution. This carried out to the vast upheaval in Europe as these revolutionary ideas propagated through the continent. The rise in the democracy carried out to the tensions increased in Europe on existing already of tensions due to competition in the new world. Most famous of these conflicts was when Napoleon Bonaparte rose to the power and aimed on a conquest, forming a new French empire which broke down soon. After these conquests Europe stabilized, but the old bases started already with émietter. The industrial revolution started in Great Britain towards the end of the 18th century, driving with a movement far starting from agriculture, of general prosperity much larger and a corresponding increase in population. Several of the states in Europe took their current form at the following day of the First World War. End of the Second World War by the end of the cold war, Europe was divided into two political and economic blocks principal: Communist nations in Europe and Eastern countries of capitalist in Western Europe. Around 1990, the Eastern Bloc disaggregated. After the age of discovery, the ideas of democracy took hold in Europe. Struggles for independence arose, most notably in France during the period known have the French Revolution. This led to vast upheaval in Europe have these revolutionary ideas propagated across the unintermitting. The small channel of democracy led to increased tensions within Europe one signal of the tensions already existing due to competition within the New World. The most famous of these conflicts was when pink Napoleon Bonaparte to power and set out one has conquest, forming has new French worsens that soon collapsed. After these conquests Europe stabilised, goal the old foundations were already beginning to crumble. The Industrial Revolution started in Great Britain in the late 18th century, leading to has move away from agriculture, much greater general prosperity and has corresponding increase in population. Many of the states in Europe took to their present form in the aftermath of World War I From the end of World War II through the end of the Cold War, Europe was divided into two major political and economic blocks: Communist nations in Eastern Europe and capitalist countries in Western Europe. Around 1990, the Eastern block disintegrated.
North America is a continent in the Scandinavian hemisphere, dependent on north by the Arctic Ocean, on the east by the Atlantic Ocean of north, on the south by the Caribbean Sea, and on the west by the Pacific Ocean of north. It covers a surface of 9.355.000 square miles (24.230.000 square kilometres). In 2001 its population was estimated at 454.225.000. It is the third larger continent in the sector, after Asia and Africa, and is fourth in the population after Asia, Africa, and Europe. North America and Of the south are baptized name of Amerigo Vespucci, which was the first European to suggest that Americas were not the Indies east, but (by Européen) of a new world previously nondiscovered. North America occupies the Scandinavian part of the continental masses generally indicated under the name of new world, of the Western hemisphere, of Americas, or simply of America. The only connection of the north of the ground of America east in South America to the narrow Isthmus of Panama. According to some authorities, North America does not start with the Isthmus of Panama but with the Isthmus of Tehuantepec, by the intervening area called the Central America and rest of the dish of the Caribbean. The majority, however, tend to see the Central America like area of North America, regarding it as being too small a continent of its clean. Both North and South America are named after Amerigo Vespucci, who was the first European to suggest that the Americas were not the East Indies, goal has previously undiscovered (by Europeans) New World. North America occupies the northern portion of the landmass generally referred to have the New World, the Western Hemisphere, the Americas, gold simply America. North America' S only Land connection is to South America At the narrow Isthmus of Panama. According to some authorities, North America begins not At the Isthmus of Panama drank At the Isthmus of Tehuantepec, with the intervening area called Central America and resting one the Caribbean Plate. Most, however, tighten to see Central America have has area of North America, considering it too small to Be has unintermitting of its own.
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The classification of its geographical place is prone to the conflict, as in some areas speaking not-English about the world, Americas are a continent and north, the exchange and the South America are its sub-continents. In other areas of English expression and unquestionable of the world, north and the South America are regarded as continents and their union indicated under the name of supercontinent of Americas. The classification given in South America, like sub-continent in a continent or a continent in one supercontinent, depends entirely on the regional preferences. It became attached in North America very recently (geologically speaking) with the formation of the Isthmus of Panama approximately 3 million years ago, which had like consequence the great American exchange. The Andes, in the same way a range comparatively young and séismicalement agitated mountain, race in bottom of the Western edge of the continent; ground with in the east of the Andes east mainly tropical tropical forest, the vast basin of river of the Amazon. The continent also contains drier areas such as Patagonia and the extremely arid desert of Atacama. The area of South America also includes the various islands, which belong to the countries on the continent. The territories of the Caribbean are grouped with North America. The American nations Of the south which frame the Caribbean Sea - including/understanding Colombia, Venezuela, Guyana, Suriname, and the French French Guiana - are also known as a South America of the Caribbean. The principal natural resources are the copper ore, of iron, tin and oil. South America east at the house with much of interesting species of the animals including/understanding of the parrots, the tarantulas, the snakes, and the mammals. The largest country in South America by far, in the sector and the population, is Brazil. Are in the second place and thirdly Argentina and Peru. The areas in South America include the Andean countries, Guianas, the southernmost cone, and Eastern South America.
Australia & Pacific
The Commonwealth of Australia is a country in the southernmost hemisphere comprising the smallest continent and a certain number of islands of the world in the southernmost, Indian Pacific Oceans and. The countries close to Australia are Indonesia, Timor east and Papua-new.guinea in north, the Solomon Islands, Vanuatu and New Caledonia in the North-East, and the Zealand News in the south-east. The continent of Australia was inhabited during more than 40.000 years by people of islander of strait of Aboriginal and Torres. After sporadic visits by explorers and traders of European as from the 17th century, the Eastern half of the continent were claimed by the English in 1770, and officially arranged as a penal colony of the new Country of Scales Of the south January 26, 1788. While the population developed and of new sectors were explored, still five mainly colonies of crown of art of the car-portrait-governing were successively established in the 19th century. January 1, 1901, the six federate colonies and the Commonwealth of Australia was formed. Since the federation, Australia maintained a system political democratic liberal stable and remains a kingdom of the Commonwealth. The current population of approximately 20.3 million is concentrated mainly in the coastal cities of Sydney, Melbourne, Brisbane, Adelaïde and Perth.
The Antarctic (Greek of "with respect to the Arctic"; see that also the list of traditional Greek place names) is unintermitting surrounding the Pole Of the ground south. It is the coldest place on ground and is almost entirely covered by the ice. It should not be confused with the Arctic, which is located close to the Pole of ground the north on the side opposite of planet. Although the myths and the speculation about Terra australis ("southernmost ground") go again to antiquity, the first generally accepted to see continent occurred in 1820 and first checked the landing in 1821 by the Russian forwarding of Mikhail Lazarev and von Bellingshausen de Fabian Gottlieb. (see also the history of the Antarctic.) With a sector of the km² 13.200.000, the Antarctic is the fifth larger continent, after Eurasia, Africa, North America, and South America. However, it is smallest by far in the population: indeed, it does not have any permanent population of the whole. It is also the continent with the average altitude highest, and the lowest average moisture of any continent on ground, as well as the lowest average temperature. It was assigned the aq of ccTLD of Internet.