Contents: Persian for Beginners

Contents

v

Acknowledgements

ix

Introduction

xi

Download The Writing System

 

Introduction

1

The Nonconnectors

1. The Letter lef; 2. The dal-group; 3. The re- group; 4. The Letter vav

3

Vocalization

1. Madda; 2. Kasra; 3. Fatha; 4. Zamma; 5. Sokun
Homework

4

The Connectors

1. Letters that in full form are made above the line

a. The be- group; b. The letter fe; c. The kaf-group; d. The ta-group; e. The letter he
Homework

2. Letters with the arabesque made below the line

a. The letters ye and nun ; b. The letter qaf; c. The letter lam; d. The sin-group; e. The sad-group
Homework

3. Letters with a reverse arabesque

a. The 'eyn-group; b. The jim-group; c. The letter mim;
Homework


7
7

 
 

13
16 

17

Positional Variants

20

Practice Reading

1. The syllable initial vowels; 2. Vowels elsewhere ; 3. The tashdid; 4. Ligatures 5. The letter vav again; 6. Diphthongs ey and ow; 7. The Tanvin; 8. The short lef 9. The letter hamza; 10. Morphemes that may join other forms; 11. Contractions

21

Numerals

The Cardinal Numbers; The Ordinal Numbers; Fractions; percentage

27

Letters and Numbers

29

 

 

Download Lessons One to Four

 

Lesson One

31

Vocabulary

 

Nouns

1. objects; 2. people

32

Demonstrative Adjectives

 

Summary

33

Dialog

33

Homework

34

 

 

Lesson Two

36

Vocabulary

 

Nouns

numbers 1-12; classifiers

39

Summary

39

Dialog

 

Homework

40

 

 

Lesson Three

42

Vocabulary

some names of countries

 

Comparison of Adjectives

comparative degree; superlative degree

43

Abstract nouns and Adjectives

46

Phrase Juxtaposition

48

Summary

48

Dialog

49

Homework

49

 

 

Lesson Four

52

Vocabulary

a. general; b. family; c. professionals; d. titles; e. names

 

Pronouns

53

Possession
by adding possessive endings
; by adding ezafe

54

Other Uses of the ezafe

56

Summary

61

Dialog

61

Homework

63

 

 

Download Lessons Five to Seven

 

Lesson Five

66

Vocabulary

Some language names

 

The Equational Sentence

the verb

the verb "to be"

66

The subject

The Plural Subject; Animate and Inanimate Subject

68

69

The Independent "to be"

70

The Subject Equivalent

71

Pronouns (cont.)

73

"To be" and Adjectives

74

Summary

75

Dialog

75

Practice Reading

78

Homework

78

Review Dialog

80

 

 

 

 

Lesson Six

81

Vocabulary

 

Action Verbs

the Simple Present; Compound Verbs

82

Substitution and Transformation Drills

88

Question Words

kodam; koja; ki; key; che, chera; che-towr; chnd-ta; che-qdr

91

Summary

95

Dialog

95

Practice Reading

96

Homework

97

 

 

Lesson Seven

99

Vocabulary

Numbers 13-21

 

Relative Constructions

101

The verb "to be" Again

104

Action Verbs (cont.)
The Simple Past

105

Substitution and Transformation Drills

107

Summary

110

Dialog

111

Reading 1; Reading 2; Reading 3

112

Homework

112

 

 

Download Lessons Eight to Fourteen

 

Lesson Eight

117

Vocabulary

Numerals

 

Action Verbs

120

The Definite Direct Object

120

The Indefinite Direct Object

The Verb "to have"

The Imperative; The mi-Past; Ongoing Action in the Present; Ongoing Action in the Past

122

Transformation and Substitution Drills

127

Goftogu (dialog)

130

Reading 1; Reading 2; Reading 3

131

Homework

133

Review Dialog Two

136

 

 

Lesson Nine

137

Vocabulary

Numerals 200 -1001

 

The Subjunctive

Subjunctive Auxiliaries
The Present Subjunctive

The Subjunctive of "to be"; The Subjunctive of "to have"

138
138
139

The Uses of the Subjunctive

1. Expression of Ability; 2. Expression of Desire; 3. Expression of Uncertainty 4. Expression of External Obligation; 5. Expression of Personal Obligation 6. Expression of Probability; 7. Expression of Possibility; 8. Expression of Preference 9. Expression of Necessity; 10. Expression of Intent

141

The Past Subjunctive

150

Readings

Reading 1 (Mr. Shahsavan at His Office); Notes; Vocabulary; Text; Homework
Reading 2 (Mr. Shahsavan at a Restaurant); Notes; Vocabulary; Text; Homework
Reading 3 (Ahmad and Parvin); Notes; Vocabulary; Text; Homework
Reading 4 (Yasamin and Parvaneh at the Market); Notes; Vocabulary; Text; Homework

154

Comprehension

169

 

 

Lesson Ten

170

Vocabulary

Days of the week

 

 

 

The Sentence: an Overview

172

The Elements of the Sentence

Subject
Direct Object
The Comitative and the Instrumental

a. the comitative; b. the instrumental

Locative
Source
Goal

173
173
174
174

175
176

176

The Perfect Tenses

The Past Participle; Present Perfect; Past Perfect

177

Written/Formal Future

179

Conjunctions

180

Homework

180

Readings

Reading 1 Invitation); Notes; Vocabulary; Text; Homework
Reading 2 (the Get-together); Notes; Vocabulary; Text; Homework
Reading 3 (After Dinner); Notes; Vocabulary; Text; Homework

182

Comprehension

192

 

 

Lesson Eleven

193

Aspectual Locators

193

The Sentence

The Locative Noun Phrase; The Source Noun Phrase; The Goal Noun Phrase; Homework

194

Derivational Processes

I. Prefixes
bi-; ba-; na-; qeyr; hm-; Homework


II. Suffixes
-ane; -ban; -ce(h); -ci; -xane(h); -dar; -var; -dan; -stan -shenas; -forush -gah; -gr; -mnd; Homework

197

197

199

Readings

Reading 1 (Breakfast with the Dehqans); Questions; Homework
Reading 2 (On the Shore of the Caspian Sea); Questions; Homework

204

Comprehension

209

 

 

Lesson Twelve

210

The Causative

a. Inherently causative; b. Not inherently causative

210

Relative Constructions

a. Restrictive Relative Clauses; b. Non-restrictive Relative Clauses

212

Manner Relative Clauses

214

Indefinite Relative Clauses

214

Adverbial Relative Clauses

a. Locational Relative Clauses; b. Temporal Relative Clauses

215

Readings

Reading 1 (Practice Makes Perfect)
Reading 2 (The Benevolent Gardener)


216
216
217

Comprehension

219

 

 

Lesson Thirteen

220

The Stative

220

The Passive

220

Homework 221

 

Conditional Sentences

Conditional Sentences Type I; Conditional Sentences Type II; Conditional Sentences Type III

222

Homework

224

Readings--Mulla Nasr al-Din

Reading 1 (The Cat or the Meat
Reading 2 (Mullah and His Wives
Reading 3 (Experience)
Reading 4 (The Pot's Baby

225
225
226
226
227

Comprehension (Chess and Backgammon)

229

 

 

Lesson Fourteen

231

Ali Baba and the Forty Thieves of Baghdad

231

Comprehension (The New Year and the Sizdah Outing)

236

 

 

Lesson Fifteen

1. The Land of Iran
2. House and Family
3. Fields and Villages
4. History of Iran
5. Literature in Iran
6. Education in Iran

239

240
241
242
243
244
246

Homework

247

Comprehension (Religion)

249

 

 

Handwriting

251

 

 

Glossary

Persian-English
English-Persian

259

259
368