DoB: TA March 1, 2931
DoD: FA March 1, 120
Spouse: Arwen Evenstar
Children: Eldarion, and several daughters
Aragorn is just one of the many names of this ranger. Italics means words are in elvish (following Tolkien's example). Bold is if Aragorn was never called by that translation (ex: Dúnadan. Aragorn was never called 'Man of the West' except in the fair tongues.)
"And Aragorn hearing him, turned and said: 'Verily, for in the High Tongue of old I am Elessar, the Elfstone, and Envinyatar, the Renewer': and he lifted from his breast the green stone that lay there. 'But Strider shall be the name of my house, if that be ever established. In the high tougue it will not sound so ill, and Telcontar I will be, and all the heirs of my body.'" ~Aragorn, "The Houses of Healing", RotK
His names: Aragorn, Estel (Hope), Strider (Telcontar), Elessar (the Elfstone), Envinyatar (the Renewer), Dúnadan (Man of the West), Thorongil (Eagle of the Star), Wingfoot, .
I'm pretty sure that there may be more, seeing as it's Estel... but that's all I can think of off the top of my mind.
History (gathered from Appendix A; (v) HERE FOLLOWS A PART OF THE TALE OF ARAGORN AND ARWEN)
Aragorn II was the son of Arathorn II and Gilraen. Tragedy struck early in the future king's life. When Aragorn was only two years old, Arathorn went riding against the orcs with the sons of Elrond and was slain by an arrow through his eye.
Gilraen took the child to dwell in the house of Elrond. The elven lord took Arathorn's place, loving the human as his son. However, the youngster was called Estel. By the bidding of Elrond, his true name and lineage were hidden.
Estel passed his 20th birthday. Sometime during that year, Lord Elrond took him aside and told him what had been kept secret for the previous 18 years. At that time he was given the Ring of Barahir (given to him by Finrod because Barahir saved the elf's life)
"'Here is the Ring of Barahir, the token of our kinship from afar; and here also are the shards of Narsil. With these you may yet do great deeds; for I foretell that the span of your life shall be greater than the measure of men, unless evil befalls you or you fail at the test. But the test will be long and hard." ~ Elrond, "HERE FOLLOWS A PART OF THE TALE OF ARAGORN AND Arwen", Appendix A
Sunset of the next day brought another surprise; a more pleasant one.
To be continued...