Text of the World War II Review

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What act of terror made the Nazi anti-Semitic program a clear reality?

Kristallnacht

What was appeasement?

Britain & Franceís policy of giving Hitler small pieces of territory to keep him happy

What kinds of propaganda were used by the Nazis? Who was their minister of propaganda?

marches, rallies, radio, print; Joseph Goebbels

What was the Nazisí economic policy?

Gear all production toward strong military state

At what point before WWII did Hitler say he was "done" adding territory?

after Sudetenland

Where did Hitler look for territory after Czechoslovakia?

Poland

What treaty guaranteed his security on the eastern front?

Nazi-Soviet Non-Aggression Pact

Why did the Japanese bomb Pearl Harbor?

the U.S cut off shipments of oil

What was the Vichy government?

controlled non-occupied France during WWII

What event led to hardships on the German homefront?

failure of Soviet Invasion

Name two places Hitler took territory before the war started.

Czechoslovakia, Austria, Rhineland

What event started the war in Europe?

Germanyís invasion of Poland

How long did it take Germany to conquer Western Europe at the start of the war?

9 months (9/39-6/40)

What was the Battle of Britain (or Blitz)?

massive German air raids over a period of months in 1940

What law allowed us to provide supplies for Great Britain while remaining neutral?

Lend-Lease Act

What was the Atlantic Charter?

An agreement on war goals between Churchill and Roosevelt signed in 8/41 (before we entered the war

Where did the U.S. enter the fighting in the war against Germany?

North Africa

What offensive operation by the Germans eventually helped lead to their downfall?

invasion of the USSR

What was the Allied invasion of Normandy called?

D-Day/Op. Overlord

How long did it take the Japanese to establish control of the entire Western Pacific?

5 months (12/41-4/42)

What two kinds of fighting were most common in the Pacific?

naval air battles & amphibious assaults (island hopping)

What battle was considered the turning point in the Pacific?

Midway

Where did the Japanese resort to the greatest amount of kamikaze activity? Why was this island geographically significant?

Okinawa, less than 500 miles from Japan

What was the name of the program to create the A-Bomb? Where did many of itís scientists come from?

Manhattan Project, Europe Ė which they left because of anti-Semitism

What were Trumanís two main options to defeat Japan?

invasion or A-Bomb

On what two cities was the A-Bomb dropped?

Hiroshima & Nagasaki

Identify two things that were controversial about the use of the A-Bomb.

used on civilians, radiation, start arms race, unknown effects

Where was the next major campaign after winning in North Africa? Why was it difficult to fight there?

Sicily (Italy), rugged mountainous terrain

What did we use to attack German manufacturing and military centers from 1942 until the end of the war?

Long range Bombers

What was so difficult about attacking Omaha beach on D-Day?

Faced a big cliff and a shallow beach

What invasion marked the beginning of the end for the Germans in Europe?

D-Day/Operation Overlord

What was the last major German counter attack?

Battle of the Bulge

Name two places where the Big 3 met to discuss post war plans.

Tehran, Yalta, & Potsdam

Name two things the U.S. wanted from the Soviets at Yalta.

in the U.N., out of Eastern Europe, help vs, Japan

Name two things the Soviets wanted out of us and the British at Yalta.

Friendly satellite states in Eastern Europe, reparations and forced labor from the Germans

How did WWII solve the problems of the Great Depression?

boosted production & wages, created full employment

How did the governments raise money for the war effort?

Selling war bonds

Name two goods that were rationed during WWII.

rubber, gasoline, sugar, flour, meat products

Identify three uses for propaganda.

recruit for war effort, conserve/ration, donít blab, hate the enemy, believe in our cause, stay united