Text of the Unit II Review Game
How did members of the Schmalkaldic League and Henry VIII benefit from the Reformation Economically?
Took over Church lands & property
Who said: “We are all equal in the eyes of God, members of the Priesthood of all Believers”?
What conclusion pushed Luther to write the 95 Theses?
That man is saved through Faith and not works or indulgences
Which theologian believed people were predestined for salvation?
What tool did Calvin use to create his “New Jerusalem”?
Strict moral code (spread through sermons and Catechism)
List three components of Calvin’s moral code.
No drinking, no dancing, no plays, religious music & psalm reading in taverns
What group believed in adult baptism and were eventually opposed by both Protestants and Catholics?
Anabaptists (esp. radicals gathered at
What was the main reason Henry VIII started the English Reformation?
Wanted an annulment from Catharine, desired control over church structure & resources
How was the Anglican Church that Henry VIII created different from Roman Catholicism?
It was different organizationally because the king was in charge, it was not different theologically
Under which monarch did
Which English monarch attempted to reinstate Roman Catholicism? Was she successful?
Mary I, no she was not
What three religious groups did
RCs, Anglicans, & Puritans; Anglicanism (Church of England)
Identify two key components of the Roman Catholic Counter Reformation.
Founding new orders (like the Jesuits), the Inquisition, emphasis on discipline, the Index of Forbidden Books
What type of art reflected the spirit of the Counter Reformation? What did the RC church hope it would do?
Baroque, bring people back to the faith
What is Baroque Art designed to do?
Get an emotional response/reaction
What two groups were fighting each other in the French Religious conflict?
The Huguenots and the Catholic League
How did Henry of Navarre bring a close to conflict in
converting to RC &
issuing the Edict of
Why did Phillip II of
He wanted to keep them Catholic and he needed the tax $$$
What tactics did the Dutch resisters use against the Spanish Army during the Dutch Revolt?
guerilla warfare, piracy
Which protestant group wanted to rid the Anglican Church of all Catholic practices and structures?
Who wanted Mary Queen of Scots to be Queen of England? Why was she executed?
Phillip II and other RCs, Plotting to kill Elizabeth I
What was Ferdinand II’s (the HRE) chief goal at the start of the 30 Years War? Was he successful?
Re-Catholicize the empire, no
What was the impact of the Thirty Years War on
Total devastation, kills 1/3 of population
What is the main goal of mercantilism?
strengthen your nation’s economy at the expense of another nation
What kinds of practices do mercantilist nations use?
tariffs, colonies, sea trade, support for industry, shipping regulations, full employment, large population
What two classical thinkers were most of the early scientific beliefs based on?
Aristotle & Ptolemy
What were the two key components of Copernicus’ theory about the universe?
The sun is in the middle, the planets travel in circular orbits around it
Who was Brahe’s assistant that drew pro-Copernican conclusions from Brahe’s charts?
How did the church respond to Galileo’s use of the telescope?
They condemned it, “God would have made us able to see it”
Who was the father of modern philosophy and the deductive method?
Descartes (“I Think therefore I am”)
Who was the champion of the empirical method? What does this method encourage?
Bacon, observations based on lots of data
Who was the first scientist to maintain that mathematical relationships explain everything?
What major events were the two of the main influences on Hobbes & Locke?
ECW, Louis XIV & Glorious Revolution
List two of Locke’s major beliefs.
blank slate, overthrow bad gov’t, natural state is freedom, natural rights: life, liberty & property
Who believed that people must turn over their rights to a strong ruler his rule would prevent anarchy?
How did Hobbes’ absolute ruler control his people?
Manipulating their fear of pain and desire for pleasure
Who are the three most prominent philosophes?
Montesquieu, Voltaire, & Rousseau
Why would you associate Voltaire with our 1st amendment?
he advocated basic freedoms (speech, press, petition, etc.)
Name the author that advocated Laissez Faire Economics. What economic system was he responding to?
Adam Smith, mercantilism
In what role did the Deists place God?
“divine watchmaker”, created world and stood back, men control own actions
What did Montesquieu argue was the best form of gov’t?
Three branch, separation of powers
Name three major beliefs of Rousseau.
Importance of society over individual, bend to will, glorified motherhood, Men & Women in separate spheres
Why was the first encyclopedia such a major undertaking? Who edited it?
first time any group tried to compile “all” knowledge, Diderot
If you had to sum up the enlightenment in one word, what would it be?
What two sides clashed in the English Civil War?
The Anglican Monarchists and the Puritan Parliamentarians
What was the key outcome of the Glorious Revolution?
William III and Mary accepted the English Bill of Rights and the terms of a constitutional monarchy
Who was the absolute monarch? Identify two characteristics of his reign.
Louis XIV, army, propaganda, Versailles, bureaucracy