Text version of the Unit I Review Game
What was the first English settlement in
Why did the Puritans want to leave
religious persecution, the Mayflower
Name 2 characteristics of the
education, small farms, harbor cities, Puritanically based morals and religion
Name 2 characteristics of the middle colonies.
religious tolerance, commerce, craftsmanship, heavy Dutch influence
Name 2 characteristics of the southern colonies.
loyalty, plantations & cash crops, low population density
What religious movement was focused on getting an emotional response from its audience?
How did this movement help feed revolutionary fervor?
equality in the eyes of God
Which enlightenment thinker pushed for a three branch government?
Which enlightenment thinker was an advocate for the protection of “natural rights”?
Which enlightenment thinker pushed government by the general will?
Why did the British begin taxing the colonists in 1763?
pay for the French & Indian (7 yrs.) War
What was the first major tax placed on the colonists after the Seven Years’ War?
Name two ways the colonists protested this tax.
boycotts, demonstrations, harassment of public officials
What three groups did people divide into over the question of independence?
Radicals, Moderates, Tories
What group of colonists wanted to remain loyal to
Who led the mob to the Customs House to set off the Boston Massacre?
Whose engraving of the Boston Massacre was designed to turn sentiment against the British?
How did the British respond to the Boston Tea Party?
What group called for the Declaration of Independence?
Second Continental Congress
Who was the primary author of the Declaration of Independence?
What were the two main purposes of the Declaration of Independence?
Establish ideology behind revolution and list grievances vs. King George
Where was the first actual fighting of the Revolutionary war?
What Colonial victory brought increased support from the French?
What was the freezing cold low point for the Continental Army?
Where did the British surrender to
What document set up our nation’s first government?
Articles of Confederation
Name two weaknesses of the Articles of Confederation.
no power to tax, no power to coin money, no executive branch, weak central government
Who appoints Justices & Ambassadors? Who approves them?
How is the membership of the Senate determined?
Each state gets two Senators
How many amendments are included in the Bill of Rights? What group pushed for it?
What amendment protects you from unlawful search & seizure?
Which amendment protects your right to bear arms?
What right do some people feel is violated by the Death Penalty?
No cruel or unusual punishment (8th)
Who has the power to enforce laws?
President (Executive Branch)
Who has the power to declares laws/acts unconstitutional?
What is the group of the President’s advisors called?
What determines the number of representatives that a state gets in the House of Reps.?
Who has the power to tax?
What amendment protects the rights of the accused?
What amendment protects you from self-incrimination?
What freedoms are guaranteed by the First Amendment?
Speech, religion, press, assembly, petition
Who has the power to declare war?
A country based on manufacturing and a strong central government
What party were John Adams and Alexander Hamilton members of?
Agricultural society, everybody owns land
What was the name of the political party formed by
Lewis & Clark, promote the territory
How did we get “sucked in” to the war of 1812?
GB & France were at war & we’re caught in the middle
What was the basic message that the Monroe Doctrine sent to
stay out of our hemisphere & we’ll stay out of yours’
Who was the first President to supposedly represent the common man?
What party was formed by
Identify two things
Trail of Tears, vetoing Nat’l Bank, spoils system, using his veto 12 times, bare knuckle politics
Why did many Americans settle in
Why did Santa Anna lay siege to the
settlers were refusing to follow Mexican Laws
What is “Manifest Destiny”?
The belief that the
Who opposed the Mexican American War? Why?
Whigs and Abolitionists, opposed extension of slavery
What excuse did Polk use for starting the Mexican American War?
“American blood has been shed on American soil”
What issue was hotly debated in the new territories as our country expanded westward?
What were the three main conditions of the Missouri Compromise?
MO is slave, ME is free, no slavery above 36’30 line
What were the three main conditions of the Compromise of 1850?
CA is free state, UT & NM are slave territories, tougher fugitive slave law
How did the Kansas-Nebraska act go against the MO Compromise?
they were above the 36’30 line and it allowed them to choose whether they wanted to be slave or free