Text of Review Lecture

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Colonization

Reasons for Leaving: religious, economic, adventure, forced

Colonial regions develop: Northern, Middle, Southern

Enlightenment Influences

Road to Conflict: trade restrictions, 7 Yearsí War, Acts & Taxes, conflict, Boston Massacre & Tea Party

Revolutionary War

Lexington & Concord (1775)

2nd Cont. Cong. & D of I

Trenton (12/76), Valley Forge, Saratoga, Yorktown (9/81)Ť

Treaty of Paris (1783)

Critical Period & Constitution

Articles of Confederation

Domestic problems, Shayís rebellion

New Constitution (checks & balances):

Strong federal govít

Exec: President

Legislative: Congress

Judicial:Courts topped by Supreme

The Bill of Rights

First Ten Amendments, guarantee rights

influenced by treatment of the colonists by the British

New Govít Gets Rolling

Washington: Cabinet with Jeff & Ham

Political parties form (Feds & Dem Reps)

1800: Jeffersonís election demonstrates success of cons.

The Early Presidents

Jeff: Louisiana Purchase (Lewis & Clark)- land ownership

Madison & War of 1812 (vs. British, we win)

Monroe Doctrine

Andrew Jackson: Common man, Trail of Tears, clash with SC

Westward Expansion

Texas (Independence then statehood)

1845- Mex-Am War Ť Mexican Cession

1846- Oregon Cession (Compromise with GB)

1867- Alaska

1893- Hawaii

The Debate over Slavery

1787- 3/5 Compromise

1820- Missouri Compromise

1850- Compromise of 1850

1854- Kansas Nebraska Act

1855- Uncle Tomís Cabin

1856- Dred Scott

The Civil War

Lincolnís Election

Fort Sumter & Bull Run

Early War

Gettysburg & Vicksburg turn the tide

Shermanís March

South Surrenders

Reconstruction

Lincolnís Assassinated Ė Johnson clashes with congress

13th Amendment, Black Codes, etc.

Radical Reconstruction: military districts, 14th & 15th Amendments

Sharecropping, Jim Crow, the KKK

Attention turns away

Westward Settlement

Mining, ranching & RRs

Cow towns & mining towns

Native Americans: armed conflict, reservations, Dawes Act

Grangers, Wm. Bryan, attacking the monopolies

Urban Boomtime (1872-1910)

Gilded Age, political machines

Industrial Growth

Monopolies, pools & trusts

New inventions

Problems with crime, disease, overcrowding, working conditions

Early labor unions

Massive Immigration

Old immigrants

New immigrants

Making the crossing & Ellis Island

Racism, xenophobia, and anti-immigrant legislation

Progressives

Political corruption, working conditions, child labor, pure food & drugs

Muckrakers

Roosevelt: trusts, natíl parks, support for labor

Direct primary, referendum, initiative

Temperance Movement: 18th Amend

Womenís suffrage (started in 1840ís): 19th Amendment

U.S. Imperialism

Hawaii & the Open Door Policy

Spanish American War (Cuba & the Philippines)

Panama Canal & Roosevelt Corollary in Latin America

Intervention in Mexico

World War I

Outbreak of war and isolationism

New weapons and trench warfare

Lusitania & Zimmerman Telegram

Mobilizing for war

U.S. Swings the tide

The 14 Points & the League of Nations

The Twenties Roar

Racial tension, the Red Scare, Sacco & Vanzetti

Clash between rural & urban

Boom for Business, Bust for the farmers

The Jazz Age: prohibition and the liberation of America

New Marketing and consumerism

More Roar

New celebrities, athletes & entertainers

The car, radio, & movies bring America closer together

Speculation in the stock & real estate markets

Depression sets in

Market crash & bank failure

GNP plummets, unemployment skyrockets

Hoover stays hands off

Bonus Army, Hoovervilles, Dust Bowl

FDR & the First New Deal

Long, Coughlin, Townsend; Fascism & Communism

Second New Deal