Quick Review Game (Text Version)
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Name 2 characteristics of the New England colonies.
education, small farms, harbor cities, Puritanically based morals and religion
Name 2 characteristics of the middle colonies.
religious tolerance, commerce, craftsmanship, heavy Dutch influence
Name 2 characteristics of the southern colonies.
loyalty, plantations & cash crops, low population density
What religious movement was focused on getting an emotional response from its audience?
Name two ways the colonists protested this tax.
boycotts, demonstrations, harassment of public officials
What were the two main purposes of the Declaration of Independence?
Establish ideology behind revolution and list grievances vs. King George
Name two weaknesses of the Articles of Confederation.
no power to tax, no power to coin money, no executive branch, weak central government
Who appoints Justices & Ambassadors? Who approves them?
How is the membership of the Senate determined?
Each state gets two Senators
How many amendments are included in the Bill of Rights? What group pushed for it?
What determines the number of representatives that a state gets in the House of Reps.?
Who has the power to declare war?
Who did Jefferson send to explore the Louisiana Territory? Why did he send them?
Lewis & Clark, promote the territory
How did we get "sucked in" to the war of 1812?
GB & France were at war & weíre caught in the middle
What was the basic message that the Monroe Doctrine sent to Europe?
stay out of our hemisphere & weíll stay out of yoursí
Who was the first President to supposedly represent the common man?
Identify two things Jackson was famous for.
Trail of Tears, vetoing Natíl Bank, spoils system, using his veto 12 times, bare knuckle politics
What is "Manifest Destiny"?
The belief that the U.S. would someday control the land from coast to coast.
Who opposed the Mexican American War? Why?
Whigs and Abolitionists, opposed extension of slavery
What issue was hotly debated in the new territories as our country expanded westward?
What were the three main conditions of the Missouri Compromise?
MO is slave, ME is free, no slavery above 36í30 line
What were the three main conditions of the Compromise of 1850?
CA is free state, UT & NM are slave territories, tougher fugitive slave law
What effect did Uncle Tomís Cabin have on people in the North?
it got them more fired up against slavery
What 1856 Supreme Court decision reaffirmed the idea that slaves were completely property?
Dred Scott Decision
Why did John Brown take over the arsenal at Harperís Ferry in 1859?
He planned to arm slaves and lead them in a rebellion
What was the result of giving Kansas and Nebraska popular sovereignty over slavery?
Bleeding Kansas (fighting over slavery)
Name two advantages the South had at the start of the Civil War.
Better generals, defensive war, passion for their cause
Name three advantages the North had at the start of the Civil War.
larger population, more industry, better transportation, more food production
What was the purpose of the Emancipation Proclamation? What did it give the Union?
Free the slaves in rebellious states, moral cause for fighting the war
What two Union victories happened on July 4, 1863? Why were they important?
Gettysburg (turned Lee back from DC) and Vicksburg (control of the Mississippi)
Who marched through the South in 1864-1865 with the goal of forcing them to surrender? How?
Sherman, waging "total war"
What was Lincolnís philosophy on reconstruction? Why was he unable to implement it?
Heal the wounds (malice toward noneÖ), he was assassinated 6 days after the war ended
What President did the Radical Republicans have a major problem during Reconstruction? Why?
Andrew Johnson, he appeared to be sympathetic to the South
Why did the Radical Republicans push for the 14th Amendment?
Southern States were passing Black Codes
Name 2 things that kept freedmen from gaining true equality during reconstruction.
sharecropping, KKK, black codes, racist attitudes
Name 2 ways Southern states kept freedmen from voting.
poll taxes, literacy tests, threats & violence
What event of 1873 drew the attention of much of the country away from reconstruction?
the Panic of 1873 (economic depression)
Why did the lifestyle of the plains Native Americans clash with the permanent fixtures (RRs, farms, etc.) of the settlers?
the NAs were nomadic
Give two examples of conflicts between Plains NAs and the settlers/army.
Wounded Knee, Sand Creek, Little Big Horn, Chief Joseph
Identify three U.S. govít policies that were designed to force the Native Americans to assimilate.
reservations, education, English, farming, supplies
What industries were the cornerstones of western settlement?
mining and ranching
What infrastructure was necessary for either of these industries to be successful?
the Transcontinental Railroad
Why was homesteading attractive to people like immigrants and freedmen?
gave them a chance to own land
Whey were companies able to pay low wages and maintain poor conditions?
huge labor surplus
Give 2 examples of poor working conditions.
heat/cold, unsafe machines, long hours, toxic chemicals, low wages
What groups essentially stole the voting power away from the poor to use for their own benefit?
Name 2 demands of the populists.
higher crop prices, a natíl bank to give fair loans, regulation of the RRs, silver standard
Who were the 2 heroes of the Populists?
Wm. Jennings Bryan and Mary Lease
What was the goal of the muckrakers?
draw attention to social problems with sensational journalism
What photographer wrote "How the Other Half Lives" to expose the horrors of life in the inner city?
Name a law that progressives passed to help purify food.
Pure Food & Drug Act, Meat Inspection Act
How did Progressives view the role of government?
They saw it as an agent of social change
Name two reasons why the U.S. was interested in expanding itís imperial power.
ports for naval ships and markets for manufactured goods (xianity?)