Quick Review Game (Text Version)

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Name 2 characteristics of the New England colonies.

education, small farms, harbor cities, Puritanically based morals and religion

Name 2 characteristics of the middle colonies.

religious tolerance, commerce, craftsmanship, heavy Dutch influence

Name 2 characteristics of the southern colonies.

loyalty, plantations & cash crops, low population density

What religious movement was focused on getting an emotional response from its audience?

Great Awakening

Name two ways the colonists protested this tax.

boycotts, demonstrations, harassment of public officials

What were the two main purposes of the Declaration of Independence?

Establish ideology behind revolution and list grievances vs. King George

Name two weaknesses of the Articles of Confederation.

no power to tax, no power to coin money, no executive branch, weak central government

Who appoints Justices & Ambassadors? Who approves them?

President, Senate

How is the membership of the Senate determined?

Each state gets two Senators

How many amendments are included in the Bill of Rights? What group pushed for it?

10, Anti-Federalists

What determines the number of representatives that a state gets in the House of Reps.?

its population

Who has the power to declare war?

Congress

Who did Jefferson send to explore the Louisiana Territory? Why did he send them?

Lewis & Clark, promote the territory

How did we get "sucked in" to the war of 1812?

GB & France were at war & weíre caught in the middle

What was the basic message that the Monroe Doctrine sent to Europe?

stay out of our hemisphere & weíll stay out of yoursí

Who was the first President to supposedly represent the common man?

Andrew Jackson

Identify two things Jackson was famous for.

Trail of Tears, vetoing Natíl Bank, spoils system, using his veto 12 times, bare knuckle politics

What is "Manifest Destiny"?

The belief that the U.S. would someday control the land from coast to coast.

Who opposed the Mexican American War? Why?

Whigs and Abolitionists, opposed extension of slavery

What issue was hotly debated in the new territories as our country expanded westward?

slavery

What were the three main conditions of the Missouri Compromise?

MO is slave, ME is free, no slavery above 36í30 line

What were the three main conditions of the Compromise of 1850?

CA is free state, UT & NM are slave territories, tougher fugitive slave law

What effect did Uncle Tomís Cabin have on people in the North?

it got them more fired up against slavery

What 1856 Supreme Court decision reaffirmed the idea that slaves were completely property?

Dred Scott Decision

Why did John Brown take over the arsenal at Harperís Ferry in 1859?

He planned to arm slaves and lead them in a rebellion

What was the result of giving Kansas and Nebraska popular sovereignty over slavery?

Bleeding Kansas (fighting over slavery)

Name two advantages the South had at the start of the Civil War.

Better generals, defensive war, passion for their cause

Name three advantages the North had at the start of the Civil War.

larger population, more industry, better transportation, more food production

What was the purpose of the Emancipation Proclamation? What did it give the Union?

Free the slaves in rebellious states, moral cause for fighting the war

What two Union victories happened on July 4, 1863? Why were they important?

Gettysburg (turned Lee back from DC) and Vicksburg (control of the Mississippi)

Who marched through the South in 1864-1865 with the goal of forcing them to surrender? How?

Sherman, waging "total war"

What was Lincolnís philosophy on reconstruction? Why was he unable to implement it?

Heal the wounds (malice toward noneÖ), he was assassinated 6 days after the war ended

What President did the Radical Republicans have a major problem during Reconstruction? Why?

Andrew Johnson, he appeared to be sympathetic to the South

Why did the Radical Republicans push for the 14th Amendment?

Southern States were passing Black Codes

Name 2 things that kept freedmen from gaining true equality during reconstruction.

sharecropping, KKK, black codes, racist attitudes

Name 2 ways Southern states kept freedmen from voting.

poll taxes, literacy tests, threats & violence

What event of 1873 drew the attention of much of the country away from reconstruction?

the Panic of 1873 (economic depression)

Why did the lifestyle of the plains Native Americans clash with the permanent fixtures (RRs, farms, etc.) of the settlers?

the NAs were nomadic

Give two examples of conflicts between Plains NAs and the settlers/army.

Wounded Knee, Sand Creek, Little Big Horn, Chief Joseph

Identify three U.S. govít policies that were designed to force the Native Americans to assimilate.

reservations, education, English, farming, supplies

What industries were the cornerstones of western settlement?

mining and ranching

What infrastructure was necessary for either of these industries to be successful?

the Transcontinental Railroad

Why was homesteading attractive to people like immigrants and freedmen?

gave them a chance to own land

Whey were companies able to pay low wages and maintain poor conditions?

huge labor surplus

Give 2 examples of poor working conditions.

heat/cold, unsafe machines, long hours, toxic chemicals, low wages

What groups essentially stole the voting power away from the poor to use for their own benefit?

political machines

Name 2 demands of the populists.

higher crop prices, a natíl bank to give fair loans, regulation of the RRs, silver standard

Who were the 2 heroes of the Populists?

Wm. Jennings Bryan and Mary Lease

What was the goal of the muckrakers?

draw attention to social problems with sensational journalism

What photographer wrote "How the Other Half Lives" to expose the horrors of life in the inner city?

Jacob Riis

Name a law that progressives passed to help purify food.

Pure Food & Drug Act, Meat Inspection Act

How did Progressives view the role of government?

They saw it as an agent of social change

Name two reasons why the U.S. was interested in expanding itís imperial power.

ports for naval ships and markets for manufactured goods (xianity?)