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Engine Specifications for Ford Pinto

The code letter identifying the engines can be found in the VIN (5th digit). General engine description is below; some tuneup data for specific years can be found in the chart: 1971 | 1972 | 1973 | 1974 | 1975 | 1976 | 1977 | 1978 | 1979 | 1980

1.6 liter (code W)
The 1600cc (97.6 CID) engine (weighing 264 lbs.) is a British-made inline four cylinder, a modified version of the engine that was used in Cortinas for several years. It has overhead valves activated by mechanical valve lifters and a camshaft located in the block. The bottom of the cylinder head is flat; the combustion chamber is provided by depressions in the piston tops. The engine has five main bearings, with the #3 bearing taking the crankshaft end thrust. Bore: 3.188 inches. Stroke: 3.056 in. Firing order: 1-3-4-2.
2000cc (code X)
This 2.0 liter (122 CID) inline four cylinder (weighing 297 lbs.) was manufactured by Ford of Germany. It has a single overhead camshaft mounted on three bearings, and a separate auxiliary shaft to drive the oil pump, distributor, and fuel pump. Bore: 3.575 inches. Stroke: 3.029 in. Firing order: 1-3-4-2.
2300cc (code Y)
The 2.3 liter (140 CID) inline four cylinder engine was made in the United States, single overhead camshaft. Bore: 3.781 inches. Stroke: 3.126 in. Firing order: 1-3-4-2.
2800cc (code Z)
2.8 liter (170.8 CID, slightly smaller displacement before 1976) ohv American-made V6. Single camshaft, and crankshaft supported by four main bearings. Firing order: 1-4-2-5-3-6.

Ford Pinto Info home page

1971
1.6 engine2.0 engine
horsepower75 @ 5000 RPM100 HP @ 5600 RPM
torque96 @ 3000 RPM120 @ 3600 RPM
compression8.4:19.0:1
spark plug gap.030.034
timing12 BTDC6 BTDC
dist. point gap.025.025
dwell38-4048-52
1972
1.6 engine2.0 engine
horsepower54 @ 4600 RPM86 @ 5400 RPM
torque80 @ 2400 RPM103 @ 3200 RPM
compression8.0:18.2:1
spark plug gap.030.034
ignition timing12 BTDC6 BTDC
Note: California cars have one notch instead of a timing scale.
dist. point gap.025.025
dwell36-4036-40
1973
1.6 engine2.0 engine
horsepower54 @ 4600 RPM86 @ 5400 RPM
torque80 @ 2400 RPM103 @ 3200 RPM
compression8.0:18.2:1
spark plug gap.030.034
initial timing12 BTDC6 BTDC(std. trans)
9 BTDC(auto.trans)
dist. point gap.025.025
dwell37-4137-41
1974
2.0 engine2.3 engine
horsepower86 @ 5400 RPM102 or 90 ?
torque103 @ 3200 RPM122 @ 3200 RPM
compression8.2:18.6:1
spark plug gap.034.034
initial timing6 BTDC6 BTDC
dist. point gap.025.025
dwell37-4137-41
1975
2.3 engine2.8 engine
horsepower83 or 8797
torque116 @ 2600 RPM140 @ 3200 RPM
compression8.6:1?8.0:1
spark plug gap.034.034
timing6 BTDC (10 on CA manual trans.)6 BTDC (std. trans.)
auto trans: 10 or 8 Calif.
1976
2.3 engine2.8 engine
horsepower92 @ 5000 RPM103 @ 4400 RPM (std. trans. except 99 in CA)
all with auto. trans. 100 HP
torque121 @ 3000 RPM149 @ 2800 RPM
compression8.4:18.7:1
spark plug gap.032-.036.032-.036
timing6 BTDC (std trans)
20 BTDC (auto.)
std 10 (8 CA)
auto 12 (6 CA)
1977
2.3 engine2.8 engine
horsepower89 @ 4800 RPM
(less for CA cars)
93 @4200 RPM
(less for Calif)
torque120 @ 3000 RPM149 @ 2800?
compression9.0:18.7:1
spark plug gap.034.034
timing20 BTDC
(6 BTDC on non-Calif. std. trans.)
8 std, 12 auto
CA models consult sticker
1978
2.3 engine2.8 engine
horsepower88 @ 4800 RPM90 @ 4200 RPM
torque118 @ 2100 RPM143 @ 2200 RPM
compression9.0:18.7:1
spark plug gap.034.034
timing6 BTDC (std trans)
20 BTDC (auto.)
10 BTDC (std trans)
12 BTDC (auto.)
1979
2.3 engine2.8 engine
horsepower88 @ 4800 RPM102 @ 4400 RPM
torque118 @ 2100 RPM138 @ 3200 RPM
compression9.0:18.7:1?
spark plug gap.034.034
timing6 BTDC (std trans)
20 BTDC (auto.)
std trans nonexistent?
auto. 9 BTDC (CA models 6)
1980

2.3 engine
horsepower88 @ 4600 RPM
torque119 @ 2600 RPM
compression9.0:1
spark plug gap.034
timing6 BTDC (std trans)
20 BTDC or 12 for CA (auto.)

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