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ABE Masakatsu
1541 - 1600
Tokugawa retainer
Battles Sekigahara (1600)
Fief Ichihara (Izu, 5,000 koku - 1590)
Son Masatsugu (1569-1647)

AKAI Naomasa
Hatano retainer
Notes: Naomasa was a noted retainer of Hatano Hideharu and was killed fighting the Oda; a branch of the Akai eventually became retainers of the Todo house.
Other names: Hatano Naomasa

AKAMATSU Yoshisuke
Daimyô (Harima)
Castle: Himeji
Notes: Yoshisuke saw much of the former Akamatsu domain slip out of his hands between 1550 and 1570; he was defeated in 1569 by Kuroda Kanbei and within a few years had been so weakened that he lived in Himeji at the sufferance of his nominal vassals, the Odera (Kuroda's lord).
Son: Norifusa

Toyotomi retainer
Battles: Shikoku Campaign (1585), Sekigahara Campaign (1600)
Notes: Norifusa was a son of Akamatsu Yoshisuke; he served Toyotomi Hideyoshi and joined Ishida Misunari's cause in 1600; he commited suicide following the defeat at Sekigahara.

AKAGAWA Motoyasu
Môri retainer
Battles:Koriyama (1540)
Notes: Motoyasu was a son of Akagawa Fusanobu; he became the head of the Akagawa following the death of his elder brother Motomitsu in battle around 1523; he was a notable retainer of Môri Motonari and was named one of his '18 Generals'; he became a close retainer of Môri Takamoto and was consulted by him on most matters; the Akakagawa were descended from the Kobayakawa family.
Son: Motomichi

AKASHI Morishige
Ukita retainer, Osaka Castle defender
Battles: Sekigahara (1600), Osaka Winter (1614), Osaka Summer (1615)
Notes: Morishige was a retainer of the Ukita who, following the Battle of Sekigahara, eventually joined the defenders of Osaka Castle in 1614; he survived the fall of Osaka to die in poverty 3 years later; he was a Christian.

AKECHI Mitsukuni
Saito retainer
Castle: Akechi (Mino)
Son: Mitsuhide

AKECHI Mitsuhide
1526 - 1582
Oda retainer
Titles: Hyûga no Kami, Jubyoe no Jô
Battles: Mt Hiei (1571), Yakami (1577), Honnoji (1582), Yamazaki (1582)
Fiefs: Sakamoto (Omi, 100,000 koku) (1571), Echizen (1574), Tamba (1580)
Notes: Akechi was originally a retainer of the Saito and joined Nobunaga around 1566; he was a noted poet and practitioner of the tea-ceremony; he was tasked with land-survey duties during the 1570's, especially in the Yamato region; in 1577 he was assigned with subduing Tamba province and defeated the Hatano clan; during the siege of Yakami Castle, Mitsuhide is said to have promised Hatano Hideharu safe conduct if he surrendered, an offer Nobunaga later withdrew by executing Hideharu and his brother - The Hatano retainers then kidnapped and murdered Mitsuhide's mother in vengeance; Nobunaga is said to have taken every opportunity to humiliate Mitsuhude, possibly out of jealousy for the latter's poetic skills; he attacked and killed Nobunaga on June 1582 but, failing to gain support from local lords, was defeated by Hashiba (Toyotomi) Hideyoshi at Yamazaki; he was killed fleeing the battlefield; Mitsuhide was a noted poet and a man of learning and was regarded as an able general, a judgment, ironically, given weight to in a 1580 letter from Oda Nobunaga to Sakuma Nobumori .
Other names: Koreta Mitsuhide.

AKECHI Hidemitsu
Akechi retainer
Titles: Samanosuke
Battles: Uchide-hama (1582), Sakamoto (1582)
Notes: Hidemitsu was the son of Akechi Mitsuyasu and Akechi Mitsuhide's cousin; he urged his cousin not to turn on Oda Nobunaga, but following the death of the latter, left Azuchi to join Mitsuhide's army; he was unable to arrive in time to help at Yamazaki and was himself defeated at Uchide-hama by Hori Hidemasa; Hidemitsu escaped to Sakamoto Castle, where he killed Mitsuhide's family; under siege by Hori Hidemasa, he sent out a collection of famous swords before commiting suicide.
Other names: Akechi Mitsuharu

AKITA Sansue
Daimyô (Mutsu)
Castle: Akita
Battles: Sekigahara Campaign (1600)
Notes:Sansue defeated the Onodera in battle in 1588 and clashed with the Nanbu family; he sided with Tokugawa Ieyasu during the Sekigahara Campaign and was later transferred to Hitachi.
Other names: Ando Sansue

AKIYAMA Nobutomo
Takeda retainer
Titles: Hoki no Kami
Battles: Iwamura (1572), Iwamura (1575)
Notes: Nobutomo captured Iwamura for Takeda Shingen in 1572, taking the castle after its castellan, Tôyama Kagetô, died of illness; he resisted the Oda's attempts at recapturing Iwamura until 1575, when, following the Takeda defeat at Nagashino, Oda Nobutada arrvived with a large army and surrounded the fort; Nobutada withdrew after a brief seige, but returned later that year and finally brought Iwamura down; Nobutomo was executed.

AKIZUKI Tanezane
Daimyô (Chikuzen)
Castle: Akizuki
Battles: Wars with Otomo (1564, 1579); Kyushu Campaign (1587)
Fiefs: Chikuzen; Oguma (Buzen); Takanabe (Hyuga, 20,000 koku) (1590)
Notes: Tanezane resisted the Ôtomo advances into Chikuzen and was unruly as a vassal; he mounted a token resistance to Toyotomi Hideyoshi in 1587 but submitted when Ganjaku and Akizuki were captured.
Son: Tanenaga

AKIZUKI Tanenaga
d. 1614
Edo Daimyô (Hyûga)
Battles: 1st Korean Campaign (1593-94); Sekigahara Campaign (1600)
Notes: Tanenaga served under the Shimazu and commanded 1,000 troops in the 1st Korean Campaign; he chose to support Ishida Mitsunari in the Sekigahara Campaign, but thanks to the help of Mizuno Katsushige, Tanenaga was able to keep his lands after Ishida's defeat.

AMAKAZU Kagemochi
Uesugi retainer
Titles: Ômi no Kami
Battles: 4th Kawanakajima (1561)
Notes: Kagemochi gained fame at Kawanakajima for commanding the rear guard that attempted to hold off Takeda generals Kosaka Masanobu and Baba Nobufusa while the main Uesugi army attacked Takeda Shingen.

Daimyô family of Izumo
Castle: Gassan-Toda
Notes: The Amako were descended from Takahisa, a grandson of Rokkaku Takauji who is said to have taken the name 'Amako' since he had been raised by a nun (ama (nun), ko (son) and who took Tomita Castle in Izumo for the Kyôgoku shugo; the Amako were powerful in Izumo from the 14th Centruy until the fall of Gassan-Toda in 1566; the Amako disappeared as a military force with the suicide of Amako Katsuhisa in 1578; Amako is occasionally (and incorrectly) rendered as Amago.

AMAKO Tsunehisa
Daimyô of Izumo
Castle: Gassan - Toda (Izumo)
Battles: Wars with Ôuchi (1518, 1522, Kanayama -1524, Bingo Province -1527), Rebellion of Okihisa (1532-34)
Notes: Tsunehisa was the eldst son of Amako Kiyosada; he expanded Amako control over Izumo and into Iwami, Bingo, Hoki, and Aki; he clashed with the Ôuchi family but was unable to defeat Ôuchi Yoshioki in battle; he lost his son Masahisa in battle with the Ôuchi in 1518 and later suffered the rebellion of another son, Okihisa, in 1532; many of his efforts were directed towards consolidating an Amako position in Aki and Iwami, though he was only partially successful in either; he built the Kitsugi Grand Shrine in Izumo during the 1530's and made Gassan - Toda into one of the Chugoku region's most formidable castles.
Sons: Masahisa (d.1518), Okihisa, Kunihisa

AMAKO Okihisa
Son of Amako Tsunehisa.
Battles: Rebellion against Tsunehisa (1532-34)
Notes: Okihisa rebelled against his father Tsunehisa over inheritance questions and commited suicide when his revolt failed.

AMAKO Kunihisa
Son of Amako Tsunehisa.
Battles: Kanayama (1524), Koriyama (1540), Gassan - Toda (1542)
Notes: Kunihisa was the principle Amako general while Tsunehisa ruled, but was later executed at Gassan-Toda by Haruhisa on the suspicion of treason.
Son: Katsuhisa

AMAKO Haruhisa
Daimyô of Izumo
Castle: Gassan - Toda
Battles: Koriyama (1540), Gassan - Toda (1542)
Notes: Haruhisa was the son of Amako Masahisa, who was killed in 1518; he expanded Amako influence eastward but was checked in Iwami and Aki by Môri Motonari; he failed to take Koriyama in 1540, but was able to resist the Ôuchi's efforts to bring down Gassan - Toda in 1542-43; in the aftermath of the 1543 Ôuchi defeat, he was able to recapture much of the Amako territory previously lost.
Sons: Yoshihisa (H)
Other names: Amako Akihisa

AMAKO Yoshihisa
1536 - 1610
Daimyô of Izumo
Ruled: 1562-1566
Castle: Gassan - Toda
Battles: Gassan - Toda (1564-66)
Notes: Yoshihisa attempted to resist the Môri but lost the confidence of his men when he executed Uyama Hisanobu during the Môri's seige of Gassan - Toda (1564-66); following the fall of Gassan - Toda to the Môri, Yoshihisa was allowed to retire as a monk.

AMAKO Katsuhisa
Amako loyalist
Battles:War with the Môri (1570-78), Kozuki (1578)
NOtes Katsuhisa was a son of Amako Kunihisa; he was monk in Kyoto prior to taking up the Amako cause with Yamanaka Shikanosuke; he allied with the Oda and took Kozuki from the Môri; he committed suicide when Kozuki was surrounded by Môri troops and Nobunaga elected not to send relief.

AMANO Takashige
Môri retainer
Titles: Nakatsukasa
Battles: Gassan-Toda (1565-66)
Notes: Takashige was an important retainer of Môri Motonari.

AMANO Yasukage
Tokugawa retainer
Battles: Anegawa (1570), Mikatagahara (1573), Sekigahara Campaign (1600)
Fiefs: Suruga (10,000 koku)
Notes: Yasukage served Tokugawa Ieyasu from childhood and in 1565 was named one of Mikawa's San-bugyo, or Three Commisioners (along with Honda Shigetsugu and Koriki Kiyonaga); he assisted Okubo Tadayo in a well-known night raid on the Takeda army following the Battle of Mikatagahara.
Other names: Amano Saburobei

AMARI Torayasu
d.1548 (Killed at Uedahara)
Takeda retainer
Titles: Bizen no Kami
Battles: Uedahara (1548)
Son: Tôzô

ANAYAMA Nobukimi
Takeda, Tokugawa retainer
Titles: Genba no Kami
Castle: Ejiri (Suruga Province)
Battles: 4th Kawanakajima (1561), Mikatagahara (1573), Nagashino (1575)
Notes: Anayama was Takeda Shingen's brother-in-law and saw service in many Takeda campaigns; in 1582 he betrayed Takeda Katsuyori and joined Tokugawa Ieyasu; he was assassinated shortly after the death of Oda Nobunaga, possibly by former Takeda retainers.
Other names: Anayama Beisetsu

ANDO Morinari
Saito, Oda retainer
Titles: Iga no Kami
Battles: Anegawa (1570), Ishiyama Honganji (1570 -1580)
Notes: Ando joined the Oda following the death of Saito Yoshitatsu in 1561; he was dismissed from service following the fall of the Ishiyama Honganji in 1580; Morinari had been known as one of the 'Mino Triumvirs', along with Inaba Ittetsu and Ujiie Bokuzen.

ANDO Shigenobu
1558 - 1622
Tokugawa retainer
Titles: Tsushima no kami
Fiefs: Takashi (Kôzuke) (1612)
Battles: Mikatagahara (1573)
Notes: Shigenobu served Tokugawa Ieyasu loyally and rose to become one of the chief councillors of the Tokugawa house in the early Edo period.

ANDO Chikasue
Daimyô (Mutsu)
Castle: Hiyama
Rivals: Asari
Notes: Chikasue defeated the Asari of Hinai and unified the two branches of the Ando family, the Hiyama and Minato; the Ando later became known as the Akita while led by Akita Sansue.

Daimyô of Hida
Notes: The Anegakoji were descended from the Fujiwara and ruled Hida Province from the 1300's until 1587, when they were defeated by the forces of Toyotomi Hideyoshi; the Anegakoji were in fact led by men of Miki Clan blood by the mid-Sengoku Period.

Daimyô (Hida)
Castle: Matsukura
Battles: War with the Takeda (1560 - 1565)
Son: Koretsuna
Other names: Miki Yoritsuna

1540-1587 (Suicide)
Daimyô (Hida)
Castle: Takayama
Battles: War with the Ema (1582), Takayama (1587)
Notes: Koretsuna was the son of Anegakoji Yoshiyori; he defeated the Ema clan in 1582 and seucred control of all Hida; he was later destroyed by Kanamori Nagachika on the orders of Toyotomi Hideyoshi.
Son: Nobutsuna
Other names: Anegakoji Yoshitsuna

d.1600 (Executed in Kyoto)
Mori retainer, Head Priest of the Ankoku-ji (Aki)
Battles: Sekigahara (1600)
Notes: Ekei was a favored retainer of Mori Motonari; he was a noted tea master and one of Toyotomi Hideyoshi's confidants; he urged Mori Terumoto to support Ishida Mitsunari in the Sekigahara campaign and was executed following Ishida's defeat as a result.

ARAKI Murashige
Ikeda, Oda retainer
Title: Settsu no Kami
Castle: Ibaraki (Settsu); Itami (Settsu - 1573)
Battles: War with the Wada (1571), Seige of the Ishiyama Honganji, Rebellion against the Oda (1578)
Notes: Murashige was a Daimyô of Settsu who clashed with the Wada before joining Oda Nobunaga; he rebelled in 1578 and held out in Itami for a year before fleeing; he disappeared into the Môri's domain, where he may have died a year or so later; Murashige was a noted tea master (one of Sen no Rikyu's Seven Disciples) and a Christian

ARIMA Yoshisada
1521 - 1576
Daimyô (Hizen)
Castle: Arima
Battles: War with the Ryûzôji (1570-76)
Notes: Yoshisada ruled the Shimabara area of Hizen but was steadily weakened in wars with the Ryûzôji.
Son: Harunobu

ARIMA Harunobu
Daimyô (Hizen)
Castle: Arima
Battles: Okitanawate (1584), Kyushu Campaign (1587), 1st Korean Campaign (1592-93), Sekigahara Campaign (1600/Ishida), Formosa Expedition (1609)
Notes: Harunobu turned to Christianity to acquire assistance against the Ryûzôji; Assisted the Shimazu in crushing Ryûzôji Takanobu at Okitanawate; Harunobu supported the Western side in the Sekigahara Campaign but did not suffer the loss of any land as a result; The Arima were authorized to mount an expedition to Formosa, which developed into a fiasco with some loss of life; Harunobu was involved in the Pessoa incident of 1609 (in which a Portuguese ship was attacked and destroyed at Nagasaki) and was rewarded for his efforts; he was executed in 1612 on the grounds of treasonous activities.
Son: Naozumi
Other names: Dom Protasio

ARIMA Toyouji
Edo Daimyô (Hyûga)
Titles: Genba no Jô
Battles: Sekigahara (1600), Osaka Winter Campaign (1614), Osaka Summer Campaign (1615), Shimabara Rebellion (1637-38)
Notes: Toyouji served Tokugawa Ieyasu and commanded 900 men for him at the Battle of Sekigahara; he fought ferociously at the Seiges of Osaka Castle and is reported to have taken 57 heads himself; he was afterwards awarded at 210,000-koku fief in Hyûga (Kurume) and led troops against the Shimabara Rebellion; he was not related (at least not directly) to the Arima of Hizen.
Son: Tadayori

ASAHINA Yasutomo
Imagawa, Tokugawa retainer
Castle: Kakegawa (Tôtômi)
Notes: Yasutomo originally served the Imagawa and destroyed Saigo Masakatsu when the latter rebelled in 1561; he sheltered Imaga Ujizane when he was forced to flee Suruga as a result of a Takeda invasion and surrendered Kakegawa to Tokugawa as per an agreement between Ieyasu and Ujizane.
Other names: Asahina Yasunaga

Daimyô of Ômi
Capital: Odani (Ômi Province, 1516)
Notes: The Asai's origins are obscure but they may have been descended from the Ôgimachi, a kuge family; they were formerly retainers of the Kyôgoku who rebelled against their lords in 1516; they struggled to expand their domain in Ômi while forging close ties with the Asakura of Echizen; the Asai were eliminated in 1573 by Oda Nobunaga; 'Asai' is often pronounced 'Azai'.

ASAI Sukemasa
Daimyô (Ômi)
Castle: Odani
Titles: Bizen no kami
Notes: Sukemasa was a son of Asai Naotane (and succeded Asai Naomasa); he began his career as a retainer of the Kyôgoku and gradually increased his position to the point where he was essentially an independant lord; he made Odani Castle in northern Ômi his capital and allied with the Asakura of Echizen; after about 1516, Sukemasa spent much of his time competing with the Rokkaku of southern Ômi
Sons: Hisamasa, Takamasa

ASAI Hisamasa
Daimyô (Ômi)
Castle: Odani
Titles: Shimotsuke no kami
Notes: Hisamasa was a son of Asai Sukemasa and succeded his father as lord of Odani Castle; after losing Fùto Castle to the Rokkaku, Hisamasa and his retainers argued about the direction the house was heading in and Hisamasa was at length compelled to step down in favor of his son Nagamasa; he commited suicide when the Asai fell to the Oda in 1573.
Sons: Nagamasa, Masamoto

ASAI Nagamasa
Daimyô (Ômi)
Ruled: 1560-1573
Castle: Odani
Titles: Bizen no kami
Battles: Fùto (1561), Anegawa (1570), Otsu (1570), Odani (1571), Odani (1573).
Notes: Nagamasa became the Daimyô of the Asai after his father was made to step down by the clan's retainers; he recaptured Fùto from the Rokkaku in 1561 but suffered a rebellion led by Asami Kunihito in 1560, which he finally crushed in 1563; he was at war with the Saito when Nobunaga invaded Mino in 1567; after a brief period of hostility between the Asai and Oda, Nagamasa married Nobunaga's sister in 1564 and among their children were three daughters, one of whom would eventually become one of Toyotomi Hideyoshi's mistreses and the mother of Toyotomi Hideyori; when Nobunaga attacked Asakura Yoshikage in 1570, Nagamasa broke his allaince with Nobunaga and forced Oda to retreat from Echizen; the Asai and Asakura, allied with the monks of the Enryakuji and the Miyoshi and Rokkaku, fought a series of battles with the Oda, losing Anegawa (June 1570) while winning Sakamoto (also in 1570); in 1573 Nobunaga destroyed the Asakura and attacked the now isloated Asai; Nagamasa returned his wife and daughters to Nobunaga before commiting suicide at Odani.
Son: Manjumaru (d.1573)

Daimyô family of Echizen
Capital: Ichijô no dani
House Code: Toshikage Jushichikajo (Asakura Toshikage, c.1480)
Notes: The Asakura claimed descent from the Kusakabe, descendants of the Emperor Temmu; they settled in Tajima Province during the Heian Period and took the name Asakura; they later moved to Echizen and served the Shiba shugo family, which Asakura Toshikage uspurped on the dawn on the Sengoku Period; they were powerful in the Hokuriku region until their downfall at the hands of Oda Nobunaga in 1573, after which surviving members became vassals of first Oda, then Toyotomi.

ASAKURA Toshikage
Daimyô of Echizen
Castle: Ichijo no dani
Battles: Onin War (1467-77), Kôfukuji (1479)
Notes: Toshikage initially supported the Yamana in the Ônin War but switiched his loyalties to the Hosokawa in 1471, a move that was coupled with a break from his nominal lords, the Shiba shugo family; the following year he defeated the Kai family of Echizen and became the de facto ruler of that province; he aided Togashi Masachika in his efforts to restore Togashi authority in Kaga (1473); his hold on Echizen was cemented in his defeat of the Shiba at Kôfukuji in 1479; he died in 1481 and was succeded by his eldest son Ujikage; Toshikage composed the Toshikage Jushichikajo, one of the earlier and most straight-forward Sengoku Period house codes; he established the Asakura capital at Ichijô no dani, which in some ways foreshadowed the castle towns of the Edo Period.
Sons:Ujikage (d.1486), Norikage

ASAKURA Sadakage
Daimyô of Echizen
Castle: Ichijô no dani
Battles: War with Togashi (1494, 1504)
Notes:: Sadakage was the son of Asakura Ujikage; he worked to expand the Asakura domain, clashing with the Togashi and ikko of Echizen and the Rokkaku of Ômi.
Son: Takakage

ASAKURA Norikage
Asakura retainer
Battles: Kuzuryugawa (1506), War with the Kaga Ikko-ikki
Notes: Norikage was a younger son of Asakura Toshikage and was a pillar of the Asakura house, defeating an ikko army at Kuzuryugawa in 1506; he died in October 1555.
Other names: Asakura Soteki

ASAKURA Takakage
Daimyô of Echizen
Castle: Ichijô no dani
Notes: Takakage succeded his father Sadakage in 1512 and was a successful daimyô, expanding Asakura influence while enhancing Echizen's growing cultural status.
Son: Yoshikage

ASAKURA Yoshikage
Daimyô of Echizen
Castle: Ichijo no Dani
Battles: War with Kaga Ikko-ikki (1555, 1564), War with Oda (1570-73)
Notes: Yoshikage was the eldest son of Ashikaga Takakage; he succeded his father in 1548 and defeated the Ikko-ikki of Kaga on two occasions (9/1555, 1564) and lent his support to the Saito during their war with Oda Nobunaga (1561-67); he sheltered Ashikaga Yoshiaki after the latter had fled the Kyoto area in 1565, but was unable to give him the assistance he needed to claim the title of shogun; he moved into neighboring Wakasa and absorbed it during the later 1560's at the expense of the Wakasa - Takeda; he refused a 'request' by Nobunaga to come to Kyoto in 1570, and as a result found himself at war with the Oda; he was joined by his ally Asai Nagamasa and sent his army to assist aid the Asai on a number of occasions (though he rarely commanded in person); Yoshikage took his life on 16 September 1573 following the defeat of his army at the hands of Oda Nobunaga, who went on to invade Echizen.

ASAKURA Kagetake
Asai retainer
Battles: Anegawa (1570), Otsu (1570)
Notes: Kagetake commanded the Askaura army for Asakura Yoshikage in the 1570 battles with Oda Nobunaga.

ASAKURA Kageakira
Asakura, Oda retainer
Castle: Ino (Echizen Province)
Notes: Kagetake joined Oda Nobunaga when the latter invaded Echizen in 1573 and betrayed the whereabouts of Yoshikage; he was killed in 1574 during a rebellion of Echizen monto

ASANO Nagamasa
Toyotomi retainer
Titles: Danjô
Fiefs: Fuchu (Kai Province, 200,000 koku) (1590)
Posts: Daikan; member of the San-Bugyô (1598-1600)
Battles: Takamatsu (1582), Odawara Campaign (1590), Ulsan (1597-98), Sekigahara Campaign (1600)
Notes: Nagamasa was Hideyoshi's brother-in-law; he acted as a negotiator to Tokugawa Ieyasu following the Komaki Campaign (1584); along with his son Yukinaga he sided with Tokugawa Ieyasu during the Sekigahara Campaign (1600).
Sons: Yukinaga, Nagaakira

ASANO Yukinaga
Toyotomi, Tokugawa retainer
Fiefs: Fuchu (Kai Province, 200,000 koku) (1598)
Battles: Odawara Campaign (1590), Ulsan (1597-98), Sekigahara (1600)
Notes: Yukinaga first saw combat in the Odawara Campaign and later fought at the Seige of Ulsan alongside Kato Kiyomasa; he supported Tokugawa Ieyasu in 1600 and commanded 6,500 men at Sekigahara (1600); he died childless and was succeded by his younger brother Nagaakira.
Other names: Asano Yoshinaga

ASANO Nagaakira
Edo Daimyô
Fiefs: Fuchu (Kai Province, 200,000 koku) (1613), Hiroshima (Aki Province, 426,000 koku) (1619)
Battles: Osaka Winter (1614), Osaka Summer (1615)
Notes: Nagaakira reportedly took 44 heads at Osaka Castle.

ASARI Umanosuke
d. 1569
Takeda retainer
Battles: Mimasetoge (1569)
Notes: Umanosuke served Takeda Shingen and was killed in action at the Battle of Mimasetoge in 1569; the Asari later became retainers of the Tokugawa.

Shôguns of Japan (1336-1573)
Notes: The Ashikaga were descended from Minamoto Yoshiie, whose son Yoshikuni settled in the Ashikaga district of Shimotsuke Province; Yoshikuni's first son took the name Nitta while his second took Ashikaga; the Ashikaga became very wealthy under the Hôjô Regents and their defection to the Imperial cause in 1333 seal the Hôjô's fate; Takauji then turned against Go-Daigo and in 1336 was named the 1th Ashikaga shôgun; the Ashikaga were seriously weakened after the Ônin War (1467-77) and were eventually eclipsed by Oda Nobunaga in 1573, who banished the last Ashikaga shôgun, Yoshiaki, from Kyoto.

ASHIKAGA Yoshitane
10th Ashikaga Shogun
Reigned: 1490-1493 (abdicated); 1508-1520
Notes: Yoshitane defeated the Rokkaku in 1593 but was forced from office that same year by his kanrei, Hosokawa Masamoto; he was reinstated in 1508 by Oûchi Yoshioki; in 1518 Yoshioki returned to the western provinces and in 1520 Yoshitane was drive for office again, this time by Hosokawa Takakuni.

ASHIKAGA Yoshizumi
11th Ashikaga Shogun
Reigned: 1494-1508 (abdicated)
Notes: Yoshizumi was placed as shogun by Hosokawa Masamoto, who was assasinated in 1507; when Oûchi Yoshioki marhced on Kyoto, Yoshizumi abdicated.

ASHIKAGA Yoshiharu
12th Ashikaga Shogun
Reigned: 1521-1545 (abdicated)
Notes: Yoshiharu was nominated for his post by Hosokawa Takakuni; Takakuni feuded with his nephew Harumoto and in 1527 Yoshiharu was forced to flee Kyoto to avoid the advance of Takakuni's enemies; Takakuni committed suicide in 1531 and his place taken by Harumoto, who brought Yoshiharu back to Kyoto; Yoshiharu, weary of Kyoto politics, fled the capital and took up residence in Ômi, abdicating in favor of his son Yoshiteru.

ASHIKAGA Yoshiteru
13th Ashikaga Shogun
Reigned: 1546-1565
Notes: Yoshiteru was initally supervised by the Miyoshi and under their pressure rejected Hoskawa Harumoto; he later resisted the influence of the Miyoshi and Matsunaga Hisahide and as a result was attacked and killed in his Nijô palace in Kyoto by troops sent by those two powers; he was relativly active in relations with the daimyô, awarding a character from his name to such figures as Uesugi Kenshin (Nagao Terutora), Môri Terumoto, and Date Terumune; he was also convinced to give his backing to a peace treaty between the Ôtomo and Môri in 1563.

ASHIKAGA Yoshihide
14th Ashikaga Shogun
Reigned: 1565-1568 (Removed from office)
Notes: The infant Yoshihide acted as a figurehead for the Miyoshi and Matsunaga following the murder of Shogun Yoshiteru.

15th and final Ashikaga shogun
Reigned: 1568-1573 (Removed from office by Oda Nobunaga)
Battles: Honkokuji (1569), Uji River (1573)
Notes: Yoshiaki was the Head Priest of the Ichijoin in Nara at the time of Yoshiteru's assasination; he sought support to avenge the death of his elder brother and approached the Asakura, then Oda; Yoshiaki was installed as shogun in 1568 by Nobunaga but began to feud with the latter by 1570; he openly rebelled twice in 1573 and was exiled from Kyoto by Nobunaga.
Other names: Kakukei

d.1490 (Killed)
Daimyô of Izu
Castle: Horigoe
Notes: Maatomo was killed by his son Chachamaru after ordering the latter to a monoastary.

ASHIKAGA Chachamaru
d.1490 (Killed)
Daimyô of Izu
Castle: Horigoe
Battles: Horigoe
Notes: Chachamaru killed his parents when his father ordered him to a monastary and was attacked and killed by Ise Shinkûro (Hôjô Soûn) as a result.

Daimyô (Shimosa)
Castle: Koga
Titles: Koga-Kubo
Battles: 1st Konodai
Notes: Yoshiaki led troops to join Satomi Yoshitaka in an attack on the Hôjô domain that culminated in the crushing defeat at Konodai in 1538, in which Yoshiaki was killed.

Daimyô (Shimosa), Hôjô vassal
Castle: Koga
Titles: Koga-Kubo
Battles: Kawagoe (1545), War with the Hôjô (1554)
Notes: Haruuji was originally allied to the Hôjô but betrayed him and joined in the attack on Kawagoe; following a later defeat at the hands of the Hôjô in 1554, Haruuji was captured at Koga and forced to accept Hôjô rule.
Son: Yoshiuji (H)

Hôjô retainer
Castle: Koga

Daimyô family of Mutsu
Notes: The Ashina claimed descent to the Taira through the Muira; Sawara (Muira) Yoshitsuru governed the Aizu area of Mutsu in the early 12th Century and his grandson took the name Ashina; Ashina Naonori built a mansion at Wakamatsu in 1333 that would form the basis for the later Kurokawa Castle (1384), which served as the Ashina's home until their defeat at the hands of Date Masamune in 1589.

ASHINA Morikiyo
Daimyô (Aizu/Mutsu)
Castle: Kurokawa
Notes: Morikiyo assumed control of the Ashina in 1517 after his brother Moritaka died childless.
Son: Moriuji (H)

ASHINA Moriuji
Daimyô (Aizu/Mutsu)
Castle: Kurokawa
Notes: Moriuji expanded the Ashina domain in the face of Uesugi and Satake resistance and came into conflict with the Date.
Son: Moritaka (H)

ASHINA Moritaka
1560-1583 (Assasinated)
Daimyô (Aizu/Mutsu)
Castle: Kurokawa
Titles: Tôtômi no Kami
Notes: Moritaka was an unpopular lord and was assasinated by his own retainers.

ASHINA Morishige
Daimyô (Aizu/Mutsu)
Castle: Kurokawa
Battles: Hitadori (1585), Suriage ga hara (1589)
Notes: Morishige was the son of Satake Yoshishige - his adoption as the Ashina Daimyô created strife within the clan but did allow for an alliance against the Date, which came near to defeating the latter at Hitadori in 1585; the failure of that campaign and the internal problems within the Ashina eventually allowed Date Masamune to finally gain the upper hand against them; the Date defeated Morishige at Suriage ga hara and afterwards captured Kurokawa; Morishige was allowed to retire to Hitachi province.
Other names: Ashina/Satake Yoshihiro

Daimyô family of Chikugo
Notes: The Aso claimed descent from none other then Jimmu Tenno (the first Emperor of Japan) one of whose grandsons was nominated Aso-kuni no Miyatsuko. His descendants took the name Aso, and in 1336 would initally support the Southern Court during the Nambokucho War; they had the later distinction of being the only known Kyushu family to be represented in the Ashikaga Shôgun's Guard (hôkôshû; during the Sengoku period, they would control Yabe Castle in Chikugo until their power waned under the leadership of Koretoyo.

ASO Koretoyo
Daimyô (Chikugo)
Castle: Yabe
Notes: Koretoyo came to be allied with the Ôtomo family and was attacked by the Shimazu as a result.
Son: Koremitsu

ATAGI Fuyuyasu
Miyoshi retainer
Notes: Fuyuyasu was a younger brother of Miyoshi Chokei and a noted poet; he is believed to have been murdered on the orders of Matsunaga Hisahide to undermine the Miyoshi family.
Other names: Miyoshi Fuyuyasu

ATAGI Nobuyasu
Daimyô (Awaji), Oda vassal
Battles: War with the Môri (1576)
Notes: Nobuyasu's ships were defeated by the Môri navy prior to the 1st Battle of Kizuwaguchi.

ATOBE Katsusuke
Takeda retainer
Titles: Oinosuke
Battles: Nagashino (1575)
Notes: Katsusuke was one of Takeda Katsuyori's closest advisors, and commited suicide after the Oda invaded Kai and Shinano in 1582; one of his sons, Masakatsu, would serve Tokugawa Ieyasu and fight in the Nagakute Campaign.
Sons: Masakatsu

ATSUJI Sadahide
Asai retainer
Battles: Anegawa (1570)

AYUKAWA Kiyonaga
Takeda retainer
Battles: 4th Kawanakajima


Takeda retainer family
Notes: The Baba of Kai were descended from Minamoto Yorimitsu and were hereditary retainers of the Takeda clan; following the destruction of the Takeda in 1582, one branch served Tokugawa Ieyasu.

BABA Nobufusa
Takeda retainer
Titles: Mino no Kami
Castle: Fukashi (Shinano)
Battles: Fukashi (1550), 4th Kawanakajima (1561), Minowa (1566), Mimasetoge (1569), Mikatagahara (1573), Takatenjin (1574), Nagashino (1575)
Notes: Nobufusa was the son of Baba Nobuyasu; he was one of the most famous Takeda generals and served three generations of that family - Nobutora, Shingen, and Katsuyori; he was awarded Fukashi Castle in Shinano in 1550 and the title 'Mino no kami' in 1560; he fought in most of Takeda Shingen's battles and was noted for his wisdom; he was one of the last Takeda commanders to fall at Nagashino, being cut down as he covered Takeda Katsuyori's retreat; until his death at Nagashino, he is reputed to have fought in no less then 21 battles without being wounded once.
Other names: Baba Nobuharu

BABA Nobushige
Takeda, Tokugawa retainer
Battles: Nagakute (1584)
Notes: Nobuyori was the grandson of Baba Nobufusa's brother Nobuyori; following the fall of the Takeda in 1582, he went on to serve Tokugawa Ieyasu and fought at Nagakute.

Daimyô family of Harima
Notes: The Bessho were descended from Akamatsu Enshin (1277-1350), a staunch supporter of Ashikaga Takauji; the Bessho were defeated by Toyotomi Hideyoshi in 1580.

BESSHO Nagaharu
Daimyô (Harima)
Castle: Miki (Harima)
Battles: Miki (1578-1580)
Notes: Nagaharu was the son of Bessho Yasuharu; he was a damiyô of Harima whose family had expanded following the decline of the Akamatsu; he initially aligned himself with Oda Nobunaga but following the rebellion of Araki Murashige, he severed his ties with Nobunaga; he was subsequently invaded by Oda forces under Toyotomi Hideyoshi; after resisting the Oda for two years, Nagaharu and his brother Tomoyuki commited suicide and thereby surrendered Miki to spare the lives of his men.
Son: Toyoharu
Other names: Betsusho Nagaharu

BESSHO Harusada
Bessho retainer
Castle: Hirayama
Battles: Hirayama (1578-1579)
Notes: Harusada was a younger brother of Bessho Nagaharu; he stoutly defended Hirayama Castle against Toyotomi Hideyoshi and commited suicide when the garrison could no longer resist.

BESSHO Toyoharu
Toyotomi retainer, Edo Daimyô
Fief: Ayabe (Harima province, 20,000 koku)
Notes: Toyoharu was spared by Hideyoshi following the fall of Miki in 1580; in 1628 he was deprived of his lands by the Edo bakufu for misconduct.

Samurai family of Sanuki
Notes: The Bitô submitted to the Chosokabe and were later confirmed in their lands after Hideyoshi's invasion of Shikoku in 1584; the Bitô sent troops to serve in the invasion of Kyushu (1587) and in the course of the campaign preformed in a cowardly manner, losing their homelands as a result.


CHIBA Toshitane
d.1559 (Killed)
Hôjô retainer
Notes: Toshitane had submitted to the Hôjô clan during the early 1550's; he was killed in a battle with Uesugi Kenshin.

CHIBA Shigetane
Hôjô retainer
Castle: Sakura
Battles: Sakura (1590)
Notes: Shigetane was besieged in Sakura Castle during Hideyoshi's Odawara Campaign (1590) by Honda Tadakatsu and Sakai Ietsugu; he was afterwards dispossesed.

CHIGUSA Tadaharu
Daimyô (Ise)
Battles: Chigusa (1555)
Notes: Tadaharu was attacked by the Rokkaku in 1555 but managed to negotiate a peace; his son Tadamono would later submit to Oda Nobunaga; the Chigusa had been founded in Ise in 1350 by Chigusa Takemichi.
Son: Tadamono (H)

CHO Tsugutsura
Hatakeyama vassal
Battles: Anamizu
Notes: Tsugutsura rebelled against Hatakeyama Yoshitaka and killed the latter in 1574; in 1577 Uesugi Kenshin invaded Noto and captured Anamizu, forcing Tsugutsura to commit suicide.

CHO Tsuratatsu
Hatakeyama, Oda retainer
Notes: Tsuratatsu joined Oda Nobunaga in 1579 and assisted Shibata Katsuie with suppressing Kaga monto in 1580; he was subsequently granted land confiscated from the Isurugi Shrine in Echizen.

Daimyô of Tosa
House code: Chosokabe-shi okitegaki (Chosokabe Motochika, Chosokabe Morichika, 1596)
Notes: The Chosokabe were respected Jitô (deputy administrators) of Tosa from the 12th Century and entered the 16th Century as vassals of the Ichijô Clan, who were based in western Tosa; Chosokabe Motochika succeded in taking all of Shikoku by 1584 but submitted to Toyotomi Hideyoshi; the Chosokabe lost their lands after Sekigahara (1600) to the Yamaouchi.

Daimyô (Nagaoka District of Tosa)
Castle: Okô
Battles: Okô
Notes: Kunichika was the son of Chosokabe Kanetsugu; he struggled against the other families of the Kochi region of Tosa; he lost Okô to rivals in the 1540's but was able to regain it with the help of the Ichijo.
Sons: Motochika (H), (Kosokabe) Chikayasu, (Kira) Chikasada

Daimyô of Tosa
Castles: Okô; Otazaka (1588); Urado (1591)
Battles: Asakura (1562), Aki (1569), Shimantogawa (1575), Nakatomigawa (1582), Hikita(1583), Shikoku Campaign (1585), Hetsugigawa (1587), Odawara (1590), 1st Korean Campaign (1593-94)
Notes: Motochika was the eldest son of Chosokabe Kunichika and was born at Okô Castle; he was a quiet and thoughtful youth, thus earning the nickname 'Himewakako', or 'Young Princess'; he nonetheless proved himself a brave and ambitious warlord, and after his father's death in 1556 struggled to bring all of Shikoku under Chosokabe rule; he defeated nearby Motoyama Shigetoki in 1562 and then moved west to defeat the Aki clan; he then moved against the Ichijo and had secured Tosa by 1575, Iyo by 1580, and Sanuki and Awa by 1583; he submitted to Toyotomi Hideyoshi after the latter's invasion in June 1585 and was allowed to retain Tosa; Motochika lost his hier Nobuchika fighting the Shimazu in 1587 and declined an offer by Hideyoshi to move his fief to Ôsumi; he commanded ships in the Odawara Campaign and led 3,000 men in the 1st Korean Campaign; he moved his capital three times seeking a stable economic base and composed the 100-Aticle Code of the Chosokabe in 1597; he died at Fushimi in 1599.
Sons: Nobuchika, (Kagawa) Chikakazu, Morichika
Other names: Hashiba Motochika; In present-day Kôchi Prefecture (formerly Tosa Province), Motochika's family is known as Chosogabe.

1st son and heir of Chosokabe Motochika
Battles: Hetsugigawa (1587)
Notes: Nobuchika, Motochika's eldest and favorite son, was struck down in the retreat from the defeat at Hetsugigawa; the Shimazu honored Motochika by sending the body of his son to him and allowing him to flee to Shikoku.

Daimyô of Tosa
Battles: Sekigahara (1600), Osaka Winter (1614), Osaka Summer (1615)
Notes: Morichika was named the heir to the Chosokabe following Nobuchika's death in 1587, despite objections from certain other family members; he commanded 6,600 men at Sekigahara (though he saw very little action) and was afterwards deprived of his fief; he lived quietly in Kyoto until 1614, at which time he went to join the defenders of Osaka Castle, arriving there the same day as Sanada Yukimura; after the fall of Osaka Morichika attempted to flee, but was apprehended at Hachiman-yama and beheaded in Kyoto.
Sons: Morinobu, Moriyasu


DAIDOJI Masashige
Hôjô retainer
Titles: Suruga no Kami
Battles: Odawara (1590)
Notes: Masashige was one of Hôjô Ujimasa's chief advisors and was one of those that urged Hôjô Ujinao to both resist Hideyoshi and aviod an open battle; following the fall of Odawara, Masashige was made to commit suicide.

Daimyô of Mutsu province
House code: Jinkaishû (Date Tanemune, 1536)
Notes: In 1189 Isa (Fujiwara) Tomomune was awarded the Date district of Mutsu by Minamoto Yoritomo for loyal service and adopted the name of his new home; in the period of the Northern and Southern Courts in the 14th and 15th centuries the Date initially fought for the Southern Court but eventually submitted to the Ashikaga; they achived their height under Date Masamune and ruled the Sendai area into the Edo Period.

DATE Tanemune
Daimyô (Rikuzen area of Mutsu)
Notes: Tanemune composed the Date family House Code, the Jinkaishu, in 1536.
Son: Harumune (H), Sanemoto

DATE Harumune
Daimyô (Rikuzen area of Mutsu)
Castle: Yonezawa
Rivals: Ashina, Soma
Sons: Terumune (H), (Rusu) Masakage, (Ishikawa) Akimitsu

DATE Terumune
1543-1585 (Killed)
Daimyô (Rikuzen area of Mutsu)
Ruled: 1560-1584
Castle: Yonezawa
Notes: Terumune worked to expand Date power in the Rikuzen area, coming into conflict with neighboring clans such as the Ashina and Hatakeyama; he corresponded with Oda Nobunaga and made a show of friendship to the faraway warlord; in 1584 he retired in favor of his son Masamune; in 1585 he was kidnapped by Hatakeyama Yoshitsugu and in the course of the following events was killed.
Sons: Masamune (H), (Watari) Motomune

DATE Masamune
Daimyô of Sendai (Mutsu)
Ruled: 1584+
Castles: Yonezawa; Sendai (1600)
Titles: Echizen no Kami, Mutsu no Kami
Battles: Soma (1582), Otemori (1585), Hitadoribashi (1585), Kasumigajo (1586), Kubota (1588), Nakaniida (1588), Kurokawa (1589), Shiroishi (1600), Osaka Winter (1600), Osaka Summer (1615)
Notes: Masamune was born in September 1567 at Yonezawa Castle, the eldest son of Date Terumune and the daughter of Mogami Yoshimori; he avenged the death of his father by killing Hatakeyama Yoshitsugu; he defeated the Soma while pressing into the lands of the Ashina; he defeated a series of alliances made by rival Daimyô (that included the Ashina, Hatakeyama, Ozaki, and Satake) and captured the Aizu region of Mutsu in 1589; he submitted to Hideyoshi in 1590 and was forced to relinquish Aizu; he expanded Sendai and became the most influential Daimyô of northern Japan; he joined Mogami Yoshiakira in containing the Uesugi army for Tokugawa Ieyasu during the Sekigahara Campaign; in 1613 he dispatched a diplomatic mission to Europe headed by Hasekura Tsunenaga; he fought for Tokugawa at Osaka Castle and helped defeat Sanada Yukimura at the Battle of Tennôji; he was one of the last great lords to see Tokugawa Ieyasu as the latter lay on his death bed; as a youth Masamune suffered an infection that cost him the use of an eye - thanks to this and a flaring temper, he recieved the nickname 'One-Eyed Dragon'; he was also known for outfitting his entire in one particular type of armor, which became known as 'Sendai-do'; he was considered an inscrutiable and highly colorful charactor, adding a wealth of anecdotes to an already legendary reputation.
Other names: Bontenmaru (childhood name), Tojiro Masamune (1577), Hashiba Masamune, Matsudaira Masamune
Sons: Tadamune (H), Hidemune

DATE Shigezane
Date retainer
Castle: Nihonmatsu
Battles: Hitadori (1585), Kooriyama (1588), Suriagehara (1589), Osaka Winter (1614), Osaka Summer (1615)
Notes: Shigezane was a cousin to Date Masamune; he rebelled in 1595 and left for Mt. Koya; in 1600 he re-entered Masamune's servie and went on to fight at osaka Castle.

Rokkaku retainer family
Notes: The Dodo were the holders of Sawayama Castle in Ômi; they rebelled against the Rokkaku around 1559 and were defeated by Rokkaku Yoshikata and lost Sawayama; Sawayama would go on to have a distinguished series of owners after Nobunaga defeated the Rokkaku in the early 1570's: Niwa Nagahide (1573), Hori Hidemasa (1583), and eventually Ishida Mitsunari.

DOI Kiyonaga
Kôno retainer
Battles: Mimaomote (1579)
Notes: Kiyonaga served Kôno Michinobu, to whom he was related; in 1579 he defeated a Chosokabe army under Kumu Yorinobu.

DOI Toshikatsu
Tokugawa retainer
Titles: Oi no Kami
Fief: Koga (132,000 koku) Battles: Osaka Winter (1614), Osaka Summer (1615)
Notes: Toshikatsu served as an advisor to both Tokugawa Hidetada and Tokugawa Iemitsu, and was highly regarded by the latter.


ENDO Motonobu
Date retainer
Battles: Kurokawa (1589)

ENJOJI Nobutane
Ryûzôji retainer
Battles: Okitanawate (1584)
Notes: Nobutane was a noted retainer of Ryûzôji Takanobu and was killed at the Battle of Okinawate.


FUKAHARA Hirotoshi
Môri retainer
Battles: Koriyama (1540), Miyajima (1555)

Daimyô (Hizen); Ryûzôji vassal
Battles: War with the Ômura (circa.1575)

Imagawa retainer
Notes: Masashige was locally powerful in northern Sagami but was defeated and killed by Takeda Nobutora's army in 1521.
Son: (Hôjô) Tsunashige
Other names: Fukushima Hyôgo

Toyotomi, Tokugawa retainer/Edo Daimyô
Titles: Zaemon no Suke
Fiefs: Imaharu (Iyo Province) (1585), Kiyosu (Owari Province, 200,000 koku) (1595), Hiroshima (Aki province, 498,000 koku) (1600), Kawanakajima (Shinano Province, 45,000 koku) (1619)
Battles: Shizugatake (1583), Nirayama (1590), 1st Korean Campaign (1593-94), Sekigahara (1600)
Notes: Masanori was born in Owari and was the son of Fukushima Masanobu; he distinguished himself as one of the 'Seven Spears' of Shizugatake; he saw action in the siege of Nirayama during the Odawara Campaign and led some 5,000 troops to Korea as part of the Shikoku contingent; he joined Ikeda Terumasa in capturing Gifu Castle at the start of the Sekigahara Campaign and commanded 6,000 troops in the Tokugawa vanguard at the Battle of Sekigahara; he was given Hiroshima and a vast fief but was ordered to undertake the costly rebuilding of Nagoya Castle; he requested permission to join the effort to reduce Osaka Castle but was refused; in 1619 Tokugawa Hidetada (who did not trust Fukushima) transferred him to Shinano (drastically reducing his income in the process).

Younger brother of Fukushima Masanori
Fiefs: Nagashima (Ise, 12,000 koku), Yamato (30,000)
Battles: Sekigahara (1600)
Notes: Masayori was deprived of his Yamato fief in 1615 on the grounds of poor management.

FUMA Kotaro
Hôjô retainer
Battles: War with the Takeda (1580)
Notes: Kotaro is famous as a leader of 'ninja' or 'rappa' for the Hôjô and is recorded as having led a special 200-man unit whose primary purpose was the harrassment and disruption of enemy forces.
Other names: Kazama Kotaro

FURUTA Shigekatsu
Toyotomi, Tokugawa retainer
Castle: Matsuzaka (Ise)
Battles: Sekigahara (1600)
Notes: For his efforts during the Sekigahara Campaign in 1600 (he led 1,200 men at the Battle of Sekigahara), Shigekatsu was given a 60,000 koku income but passed away later that same year.

FURUTA Shigenari
Toyotomi, Tokugawa retainer
Titles: Oribe no Sho
Notes: Shigenari enjoyed an income of 10,000 koku and founded the Oribe School (Ryu) of the Tea Ceremony; during the 1615 Osaka Campaign Shigenari was charged with plotting in Kyoto against the Tokugawa and the Emperor on the behalf of Osaka's defenders, and was put to death along with his sons and pupils.

FUWA Mitsuharu
Oda retainer
Battles: Odani (1573), Takatsuki (1578)
Notes: Mitsuharu was awarded land in Echizen in 1575 and became became one of the 'Echizen Triumvirs' (sanninshu) along with Meada Toshiie and Sassa Narimasa.

FUWA Katsumitsu
Oda, Toyotomi retainer
Battles: Shizugatake (1583)
Other names: Fuwa Hirotsuna


GAMÔ Katahide
Rokkaku, Oda retainer
Castle: Hino (Ômi province)
Notes: Katahide, initally a retainer of Rokkaku Yoshikata, joined Nobunaga around 1568.
Son: Ujisato

GAMÔ Ujisato
Oda, Toyotomi retainer
Tiles: Hida no Kami
Fiefs: Aizu (Mutsu province, 420,000 koku) (1590)
Battles: Okochi (1570), Hijiyama (1581), Mine (1584), Ganjaku (1587), Odawara Campaign (1590), Kunoe (1591)
Notes: Ujisato was the son of Gamô Katahide; he fought in his first battle (Okochi) at the age of 13; he married Oda Nobunaga's daughter and was given a sizable fief in Ise; he later sheltered Nobunaga's widow during Akechi's uprising and joined Hideyoshi's camp following Yamazaki (1582); he served in the Kyushu Campaign (1587) and the Odawara Campaign (1590), after which he was given a huge fief in Mutsu (Aizu); he served on Hideyoshi's staff in Kyushu during the 1st Korean Campaign; he returned to Aizu and built Wakamatsu Castle, then died suddenly in 1596 - leading some to suspect that Hideyoshi himself had had a hand in his demise.
Son: Hideyuki
Other names: Dom Leão, Gamô Skikyo

GAMÔ Hideyuki
Toyotomi, Tokugawa retainer/Edo Daimyô
Titles: Bitchu no Kami
Fiefs: Aizu (Mutsu province, 420,000 koku), Utsunomiya (Shimotsuke, 180,000 koku) (1598), Aizu (Mutsu province, 600,000 koku) (1600)
Notes: Hideyuki supported Tokugawa during the Sekigahara Campaign, and while he saw little fighting, he recieved Aizu as a reward; when Hideyuki's 2nd son Tadamoto died, the Gamô line came to an end.
Sons: Tadasato (1603-1627), Tadamoto (1605-1634)

Daimyô family of Hizen who controlled the Goto Islands off the western shore of Kyushu and submitted to the Ryûzôji and then Hideyoshi.

GOTO Moriharu
Daimyô (Hizen)
Rivals: Ômura Sumitada
Notes: Moriharu was a Christian.
Sons: Sumikuro (H), Ômura Tadaaki (adopted)

GOTO Sumikuro
Daimyô (Hizen)
Battles: 1st Korean Campaign (1593-94)
Notes: Sumikuro briefly submitted to Ryûzôji Takanobu, but joined Toyotomi Hideyoshi when the latter invaded Kyushu in 1587; he led 700 men in Konishi Yukinaga's command in Korea.

GOTO Takaaki
Ômura, Goto retainer
Battles: Rebellion against the Ômura (1563), War with Ômura (1572)
Notes: Takaaki was born the eldest son of Ômura Sumisaki but was adopted into the Goto when Sumisaki adopted Arima (Ômura) Sumitada; he rose up against Ômura in 1563 and allied himself with a coalition of local familes hostile to the Ômura.

Samurai family of Harima who served the Bessho daimyô until the latter's defeat in 1580.

GOTO Motokuni
Bessho retainer
Battles: Miki (1578-1580)
Notes: Motokuni was one of Bessho Nagaharu's chief advisors, and commited suicide with him when Miki surrendered to the Oda in 1580.
Son: Mototsugu

GOTO Mototsugu
Toyotomi retainer
Battles: Sekigahara Campaign (1600), Osaka Winter (1614), Dômyôji (1615)
Notes: Mototsugu had been in Hideyoshi's custody when Goto Motokuni commited suicide; Hideyoshi spared Mototsugu and placed him in the care of Kuroda Yoshitaka, for whom he fought during the Sekigahara Campaign; for reasons unknown Mototsugu joined the defenders of Osaka Castle in 1614 and foughtly bravely; he was killed, possibly by rifle fire, at the Battle of Dômyôji in June 1615.
Son: Ujifusa
Other names: Goto Matabei

GOTO Ujifusa
d.1615 (KIlled at Osaka Castle)
Son of Goto Mototsugu
Battles: Osaka Winter (1614), Osaka Summer (1615)


Samurai family of Owari
The Hachisuka claimed descent from Shiba Takatsune (d.1367) and later came to serve the Oda of Owari.

Oda, Toyotomi retainer
Titles: Shûri-daibu
Battles: Inabayama (1567), Anegawa (1570)
Notes: Masakatsu originally ruled a small fief from Miyashiro and may have served the Saitô before joining the Oda some time before 1566, though he struggled for a time with Nobunaga; he later pledged his loyalty to Toyotomi Hideyoshi and recieved a stipend of 10,000 koku; he is said to have been of particular use to Hideyoshi in his construction of the 'One Night Castle' at Sunomata in 1567, though the incident itself is a matter of debate among historians.
Son: Iemasa (H)
Other names: Hachisuka Koroku

Toyotomi, Tokugawa retainer/Edo Daimyô
Fiefs: Tokushima (Awa) (1585)
Battles: Komaki Campaign (1584), Shikkoku Campaign (1585), Odawara Campaign (1590), 1st Korean Campaign (1593-94), 2nd Korean Campaign (1597-98)
Notes: Iemasa assisted Hideyoshi in the Komaki Campaign by attacking the warrior monks of Kii; he led 7,200 men in the 1stInvasion of Korea and after returing from the 2nd Korean Campaign retired in favor of his son Yoshishige.
Son: Yoshishige (H)

HACHISUKA Yoshishige
Edo Daimyô
Titles: Awa no Kami
Fief: Awa (Shikoku, 186,000 koku)
Battles: Sekigahara Campaign (1600)

HACHIJO no Miya Toshihito
Emperor Go-Yozei's younger brother and Toyotomi Hideyoshi's adopted son
Notes: Hideyoshi adopted Hachijo in 1588 in an effort to strengthen Toyotomi and Imperial ties; in 1590 he was given land worth 3,000 koku and was slated to act as Hideyoshi's governor of Japan after China's hoped-for submission (during the Korean Invasion of 1593-94).

HAIGO Ieyoshi
Shibata retainer
Battles: Shizugatake Campaign (1583)

HAJIKANO Tadatsugu
Takeda retainer
Titles: Gengoro
Battles: 3rd Kawanakajima, 4th Kawanakajima
Notes: Tadatsugu was killed in 4th Battle of Kawanakajima in 1561.

HAJIKANO Masatsugu
Takeda retainer
Battles: Odawara (1569), Mimasetoge (1569), Nagashino (1575)

HARA Toratane
Chiba, Takeda retainer
Titles: Mino no Kami
Battles: Warikadake (1561)
Notes: Toratane was originally a vassal of the Chiba before entering the service of Takeda Nobutora; he assisted in the defeat of Fukushima Masashige in 1521 and earned a reputation as one of the most skilled Takeda generals; he deserted the Takeda briefly in 1553 to the Hôjô, though he was convinced to return shortly after; Toratane died of wounds suffered at Warikadake Castle in 1561; he is reputed to have been wounded no fewer then 53 times over the course of some 30 battles.
Son: (Yokota) Yasukage

HARA Masatane
Takeda retainer
Titles: Hayatô no Suke
Battles: Mimasetoge (1569), Nagashino (1575)
Notes: Masatane was a retainer of Takeda Shingen and commanded infantry; he fought at Mimasetoge in 1569 and was later killed at the Battle of Nagashino in 1575; he was related to Hara Toratane, though he was from a different branch of the family.

HARADA Munetoki
Date retainer
Battles: Hitadori (1585)
Notes: Munetoki was one of Date Masamune's closest advisors; he died of illness returning from Masamune's Nagoya headquarters (during Hideyoshi's invasion of Korea).

HARADA Naomasa
Oda retainer
Titles: Bitchû no kami
Battles: Nagashino (1575), Ishiyama Honganji (1576)
Notes: Naomasa was appointed as one of the four administrators of Kyoto (along with along with Matsui Yukon, Murai Sadakatsu, and Takei Sekian) by Oda Nobunaga after 1568; he was named as one of Nobunaga's Go-umamawari-shû (bodyguard) and placed in command of matchlockmen at Nagashino; he was killed leading 10,000 troops against the Ishiyama Honganji the following year.

Daimyô family of Noto
Notes: The Hasabe claimed descent from the famous scholar Ki no Haseo (845-912); Hasabe Nobutsura (d.1217) was established in Noto by Minamoto Yoritomo and built Anamizu; the Hasabe were defeated in 1576 by Uesugi Kenshin.

HASEKURA Tsunenaga
Date retainer
Notes: Tsunenaga was appointed by Date Masamune to lead a diplomatic mission to Europe in 1613; he was baptized en route to Italy and was admitted into Rome, later returning to find that Masamune had changed his policies on Christianity.
Other names: Hasakura Rokuemon

HASHIBA Hidekatsu
Adopted son of Toyotomi Hideyoshi
Titles: Gifu Saishô
Notes: Hidekatsu was the 2nd son of Miyoshi Yorifusa and was adopted by Toyotomi Hideyoshi.

HASHIBA (Oda) Hidekatsu

HASHIBA Hidenaga
Toyotomi retainer, Toyotomi Hideyoshi's half-brother
Titles: Mino no Kami, Dainogon
Fief: Koriyama (Yamato province ) 1582
Battles: Yamazaki (1582), Shikoku Campaign (1585), Kyushu Campaign (1587)
Notes: Hidenaga, Hashiba (Toyotomi) Hideyoshi's half-brother through their mother, joined Hideyoshi's staff when the latter took up in Ômi province in 1573 and following Nobunaga's death in 1582 was given the fief of Koriyama in Yamato; he led key elements in the invasions of Shikoku and Kyushu and may have recieved an income as high as 1,000,000 koku; he stood as a possible successor to Hideyoshi following the execution of Toyotomi Hidetsugu in 1585; his death from illness in 1591 was a source of much grief for Hideyoshi.
Other names: Toyotomi Hidenaga

Daimyô (Kwatchi)
Rivals: Miyoshi, Tsutsui
Battles: War with the Miyoshi (1559)

d.1584 (Killed)
Daimyô (Kwatchi)
Battles:Rebellion against Oda Nobunaga (1577), Komaki Campaign (1584)
Notes: Sadamasa was the Daimyô of the Kwatchi branch of the Hatakeyama, which had in the past clashed with the Tsutsui and Miyoshi; he was encouraged by Kennyo Kosa to revolt against Oda Nobunaga in 1577; he later joined the alliance (headed by Tokugawa Ieyasu) against Toyotomi Hideyoshi in 1584 but was killed in the fighting.

Daimyô (Noto)
Notes: Yoshinori was the eldest son of Hatakeyama Yoshimune; he was unpopular and was forced to flee to Echigo by his retainers; his son Yoshitaka was overthrown by those same retainers in 1574, prompting Uesugi Kenshin to later attack Noto; Yoshinori' s brother Yoshiharu served the Uesugi and became better known as Jojo Masashige.
Son: Yoshitaka

Daimyô family of Mutsu
Notes: This branch of the Hatakeyama allied with the Kasai and clashed with the Date; they were largely destroyed at the hands of Date Masamune in 1586.

d.1585 (Killed)
Daimyô (Mutsu)
Notes: Yoshitsugu was a long-time rival of the Date family and in 1585 kidnapped the retired head of that family, Terumune; Terumune was subsequently killed and Masamune avnged his death by destroying Yoshitsugu and his family.

Toyotomi retainer
Castle: Hiji (Bungo) (1587)
Notes: Yukishige sided with Ishida Mitsunari during the Sekigahara Campaign and was afterwards deprived of his fief by Tokugawa Ieyasu.

HATANO Hideharu
Daimyô (Tamba)
Castle: Yakimi
Notes: Hideharu was the heir to Hatano (?-?); he opposed the advance of Oda Nobunaga and was beseiged in Yakimi by Akechi Mitsuhide (1579); he surrendered but was executed on Nobunaga's order.

Tokugawa retainer
Battles: Anegawa (1570), Mikatagahara (1573)
Notes: Hanzo was the son of Hattori Yasunaga of Iga Province; he fought in a number of Tokugawa Ieyasu's battles and was one of the men tasked with assisting Tokugawa Nobuyasu commit suicide in 1579 - a task he proved unable to carry out due to his regard for the latter; he inherited ties with the warriors of Iga and immediatly following the death of Nobunaga was able to use these connections to lead Tokugawa Ieyasu safely back to Mikawa; Hanzo is famous as a leader of 'ninja' and following the Tokugawa move to the Kanto after 1590 recieved the rank of Yoriki and led a 200-man unit of Iga warriors who formed the foundation of the Edo Castle guard.
Son: Masanari, Masashige
Other names: Hattori Masashige

HATTORI Masanari
Tokugawa retainer, son of Hattori Hanzo
Titles: Iwami no Kami
Notes: Masanari served as the captain of the Edo Castle guards but became involved in a scandel; he was killed in the Osaka Summer Campaign and was succeded by his younger brother Masashige.

HAYASI Hidesada
Oda retainer
Titles: Sado no Kami
Battles: Seige of the Ishiyama Honganji (1570-1580)
Notes: Hidesada acted as a childhood tutor to Nobunaga; he plotted with Shibata Katsuie and Oda Nobuyuki against Nobunaga in 1557 but was pardoned for his actions and went on to govern land in Owari; He assisted in the war against the Honganji, but was purged from the Oda ranks in 1580.
Other names: Hayashi Michikatsu?

HINENO Hironari
Saito retainer
Battles: War with the Oda (1561-67)
Notes: Hironari served Saitô Tatsuoki and became a monk after the latter's death.
Son: Takayoshi

HINENO Takayoshi
Oda, Toyotomi retainer
Fiefs: Takashima (Shinano, 28,000 koku)
Battles: Odawara Campaign (1590)
Son: Yoshitomo (1588-1658)

HIRAIWA Chikayoshi
Tokugawa retainer
Battles: Nagashino (1575), Ueda (1585)
Notes: Chikayoshi was a trusted retainer of Tokugawa Ieyasu, and acted as a tutor to his eldest son Nobuyasu (who was later made to commit suicide); he took part in the failed expedition against the Sanada in 1585 and was given a 30,000-koku fief at Umabayashi in Kôzuke Province in 1590.
Other names: Hiraiwa Shinkichi

HIRATA Masamune
Shimazu retainer
Notes: Masamune was a senior councilor to Shimazu Tadatsune assasinated on the order of the latter on suspicion of treason.

HIRATE Kiyohide
Oda Daimyô
Titles: Nakatsukasa
Notes: Kiyohide served three generations of the Oda family (Nobusada, Nobuhide, and Nobunaga); he commited suicide in 1553 to protest Nobunaga's outlandish behavior.

HIRATE Norihide
Oda retainer
Battles: Mikatagahara (1573)
Other names: Hirate Nagamasa, occasionally known as Hiraide Norihide.

HISAMATSU Toshikatsu
Matsudaira/Tokugawa retainer
Titles: Sado no Kami
Son: Sadakatsu

Tokugawa retainer
Fiefs: Kakegawa (Tôtômi), Kuwana (Ise), Nagashima (Ise)
Notes: Sadakatsu was Tokugawa Ieyasu's half-brother by virtue of sharing the same mother.
Sons: Yoshitomo, Sadatsuna
Other names: Matsudaira Sadakatsu

Edo Daimyô
Fief: Funai (Bungo province, 20,000 koku)
Battles: Osaka Winter (1614), Osaka Summer (1615)

Daimyô of Sagami, Musashi, and Izu
Capital: Horigoe (Izu Province, 1490), Odawara (Sagami Province, 1520)
Notes: The Hôjô were founded by Ise Shinkuro (Sôun) and therefore were no relation to the earlier family of Regents, whose name was borrowed for its prestige value; they ruled from Odawara Castle in Sagami Province from 1520 until their defeat at the hands of Toyotomi Hideyoshi in 1590.

Daimyô of Sagami and Izu
Castle: Kokokuji (Suruga, 1476); Horigoe (1490)
Battles: Horigoe (1490), Odawara (1495), 1516 (Arai)
Notes: Sôun was educated at the Daitoku-ji in Kyoto; he fled the capital during the Onin War and with six followers entered the service of Imagawa Yoshitada; Yoshitada was killed in 1476 and after helping to settle a succesion dispute Sôun was given Kokokuji Castle; he invaded Izu in 1490 after Ashikaga Chachamaru murdered his parents and took Horigoe, afterwards becoming independant of the Imagawa and taking the name Hôjô; he took Odawara from the Omori and made this a point from which to expand throughout Sagami and in 1512 warred with the Muira; he won the Battle of Arai in 1516 and forced Muira Yoshimoto to commit suicide in 1518; he composed the Sûun-ji Dono Nijuichi Kajo (The 21 Injunctions of Lord Sôun) around 1495 and became popular with the common people of his lands by lowering taxes from the ususal 50 percent to 40 percent.
Sons: Ujitsuna (H), Genan
Other names: Ise Shinkûro, Ise Nagauji, Hôjô Nagauji

HÔJÔ Ujitsuna
Daimyô of Sagami and Izu
Ruled: Retired 1538
Castle: Odawara (1519)
Battles: Takanawahara (Edo, 1524), Nashinokidaira (1526), Kamakura (1526), Ozawahara (1530), Musashi-Matsuyama (1537), Kawagoe (1537), 1st Konodai (1538)
Notes: Ujitsuna expanded into Musashi province at the expense of the Ogigayatsu branch of the Uesugi and fought a string of engagements with them during the 1530's; he came into conflict with the Satomi and defeated them at the 1st Battle of Konodai; as gifted a warrior and governor as his father, Ujitsuna put great effort the organization of his domain, rebuilding damaged temples and creating comprehensive manpower registers; he died in August 1541.
Sons: Ujiyasu (H), Tsunashige (Adopted)

HÔJÔ Genan
Brother of Hôjô Ujitsuna
Notes: Genan was known for his cultural pursuits and penchant for study.

HÔJÔ Ujiyasu
Daimyô of Sagami and Izu
Ruled: 1538-1570 (semi-retired 1560+)
Castle: Odawara
Battles: Ozawahara (1530), Kawagoe (1546), Hirai (1551), Odawara (1561), Musashi - Matsuyama (1563), 2nd Konodai (1564), Mifunedai 1567), Odawara (1569)
Notes: Ujiyasu greatly expanded the Hôjô domains throughout the Kanto region; in 1544 he was faced with threats on two sides, with the Takeda and Hôjô allied against him to the west, and the Uesugi threatening to the north; in November 1545 Kawagoe Castle was surrounded by the Uesugi and Ashikaga and to free up his forces to respond Ujiyasu was compelled to make a pact with the Imagawa that entailed giving up the Hôjô lands in Suruga; he won the decisive Battle of Kawagoe in May 1546 and by 1551 had defeated both branches of the Uesugi family (the Ogigayatsu and Yamaouchi); he defeated the Ashikaga (the koga kubô) in 1554, and placed Haruuji under house arrest; he advanced into Kôzuke but was checked by both Uesugi Kenshin and the growing power of the Takeda; his eastward moves brought conflict with the Satake, Yûki, and Satomi, whom he defeated at the 2nd Battle of Konodai in 1564; by 1570 the Hôjô controlled Sagami, Izu, Musashi, and parts of Shimosa, Kazusa, and Kôzuke; Ujiyasu assumed a defensive posture and greatly expanded Odawara Castle, which reisted seiges in 1561 (Uesugi) and 1569 (Takeda); he was active domestically as well as militarily: he ordered a series of aggressive cadastral surveys between 1542 and 1543 and in 1550 overhauled the Kandaka taxation system; he also worked to make Odawara the center of trade and commerce in the Kanto region; both a gifted general and administrator, Ujiyasu stands out as one of the foremost rulers of his day, although his achievements would be overshadowed by the demise of his clan two decades later.
Sons: Ujimasa (H), Ujiteru, Ujikuni, Ujinori, Ujitada, Ujimitsu, Ujihide (Uesugi Kagetora)

HÔJÔ Ujimasa
Daimyô of Sagami, Musashi, and Izu, 1st son of Hôjô Ujiyasu
Castle: Odawara
Battles: Odawara (1569), Chonan (1570), Numazu (1579), Omosu (1580), War with Satake (1581), Oda Nobunaga's Invasion of Kai and Shinano (1582), Kanagawa (1582), Kai Campaign (1583), War with Satake (1585), Odawara Campaign (1590)
Notes: Ujimasa made peace with the Takeda clan following his father's death in 1571; he sent troops to assist Uesugi Kagetora in his bid for power in Echigo (1579) but these failed to arrive on the scene in time; Takeda Katsuyori made peace with the Uesugi in 1579, prompting Ujimasa to sever their relations and provoking a series of inconclusive battles bewteen the two families around Numazu in Suruga highlighted by the Battle of Omosu (April 1580); he made some further Hôjô gains in Shimosa, provoking war with the Satake, whom he fought with in 1581 and 1585; in 1582 Ujimasa joined Oda Nobunaga and Tokugawa Ieyasu in invading the Takeda lands; tensions between the Oda and Hôjô increased as Nobunaga's retainers began to capture forts in Kôzuke; following Nobunaga's death in June 1582, Ujimasa defeated Takigawa Kazumasa at Kanegawa and drove him from Kôzuke, and the next year attempted to dislodge the Tokuagwa from Kai; following an inconclusive campaign, Ujimasa and Ieyasu made peace and Ujimasa was alloted some land in Kai and Shinano; some time after this Ujimasa officially retired in favor of his son Ujinao, but essentially acted as co-ruler; in 1588 Toyotomi Hideyoshi began to press the Hôjô for a show of submission, to which Ujimasa was adamently opposed; in 1590 Hideyoshi launched a massive invasion of the Kanto, and Ujimasa convinced his son to prepare for a siege within the walls of Odawara (as opposed to a field battle); one of Hideyoshi's demands for Odawara's surrender was the suicide of Ujimasa; when the castle capitulated in August 1590, Ujimasa and his younger brother Ujiteru killed themselves.
Sons: Ujinao (H), Ujisada, Naoshige, (Ota) Ujifusa

HÔJÔ Ujinao
Daimyô of Sagami, Musashi, and Izu, 1st son of Hôjô Ujimasa
Castle: Odawara
Battles: Iwai (1571), Omosu (1580), War with Satake (1581), War with Satake (1585), Odawara Campaign (1590)
Notes: Ujinao accompanied his father on most of his campaigns, and while he offically became the Daimyô after 1584, Ujimasa continued to play an eclipsing role in Hôjô decision-making; Ujinao married a daughter of Tokugawa Ieyasu in 1584; in 1590, following the Hôjô's refusal to submit to him, Toyotomi Hideyoshi went to war on the Hôjô and sent a massive host into the Kanto; Ujinao was for fighting in the field but was overruled by his father and retainers, who noted the immense numbers Hideyoshi had at his disposal; after a two month siege, Ujinao agreed to surrender but asked that he be allowed to commit suicide in return for the well-being of his father and men; Hideyoshi over-ruled him, and Ujinao was spared while his father and top advisors were made to commit suicide; the Hôjô's lands were confiscated in their entirety and transferred to Tokugawa; Ujinao went to Mt. Koya at first, and then to Kwatchi, where it is believed he died of small pox.

HÔJÔ Tsunashige
Hôjô retainer, adopted son of Hôjô Ujitsuna
Castle: Kawagoe
Battles: Kawagoe (1545), Fukuzawa (1570)
Notes: Tsunashige was the son of Imagawa retainer Fukushima Masashige and was adopted by Ujitsuna after the death of his father in battle in 1521; he defended Kawagoe against the Uesugi in 1545, enabling Ujiyasu to make the night attack that won that great Hôjô victory; he was eventually made the guardian of Tamanawa Castle in Sagami.
Other names: Fukushima Tsunashige, Hôjô Tsunanari

HÔJÔ Ujiteru
Hôjô retainer, 2nd son of Hôjô Ujiyasu
Castle: Hachioji (Musashi)
Battles: Takiyama (1569), Mimasetoge (1569), Odawara Campaign (1590)
Notes: Ujiteru was defeated along with his brother Ujikuni at Mimasetoge by Takeda Shingen; when Odawara surrendered to Toyotomi Hideyoshi in August 1590, he was made to commit suicide along with Ujimasa.

HÔJÔ Ujikuni
Hôjô retainer, 3rd son of Hôjô Ujiyasu
Castle: Hachigata (Musashi)
Battles: Mimasetoge (1569), Hachigata (1590)
Notes: Ujikuni was defeated along with his brother Ujiteru at Mimasetoge by Takeda Shingen in 1569; he was surrounded in Hachigata at the start of the Odawara Campaign by Maeda Toshiie and Uesugi Kagekatsu; he held out for a month before surrendering.
Other names: Fujita Ujikuni

HÔJÔ Ujinori
Hôjô retainer, 4th son of Hôjô Ujiyasu
Battles: Odawara Campaign (1590)
Notes: As a child, Ujinori was sent as a hostage to Imagawa Yoshimoto's capital of Sumpu, where he met Tokugawa Ieyasu-a fellow hostage; he later governed land in Izu; prior to the 1590 siege of Odawara, Ujinori traveled to Kyoto to act as an intermediary between Hôjô Ujimasa and Ujinao and Toyotomi Hideyoshi and although negotiations failed, he distinguished himself by his noble bearing; during the actual siege (May-July 1590) Ujinori continued to act as a negotiator, and when Odawara surrendered he was given a piece of land worth some 10,000 koku in Kwatchi.
Son: Ujimori

Samurai family of Mikawa
Notes:The Honda family was descended from Fujiwara Kanemichi (925-977); two main branches served Tokugawa Ieyasu, of whom Tadakatsu and Masanobu were the best known respectively.

HONDA Tadakatsu
Tokugawa retainer
Titles: Nakatsukasa-taiyu (1586)
Castles: Otaki (1590)
Fiefs: Otaki (Kazusa province, 100,000 koku) (1590), Kuwana (Izu province, 150,000 koku) (1601)
Battles: Anegawa (1570), Mikatagahara (1573), Nagashino (1575), Komaki Campaign (1584), Odawara Campaign (1590), Sekigahara (1600)
Notes: Tadakatsu began his career as a page to Tokugawa Ieyasu; he was to distinguish himself for bravery in almost every battle he fought, most notably during the Komaki Campaign, where he challanged Hideyoshi's entire army with a few thousand men, determined to delay his movements if only for a few minutes; in 1586 he was awarded the title Nakatsukasa-taiyu and after the Tokugawa were transferred to the Kanto recieved Otaki (Kazusa), he was present at Sekigahara and afterwards recieved a 150,000-koku fief in Izu.
Sons: Tadamasa, Tadatomo
Other names: Honda Heihachiro

HONDA Tadamasa
Tokugawa retainer, 1st son of Honda Tadakatsu
Fiefs: Himeji (Harima province, 250,000 koku) (1617)
Battles: Osaka Winter (1614), Osaka Summer (1615)

HONDA Tadatomo
Tokugawa retainer, son of Honda Tadakatsu
Fiefs: Otaki (Kazusa province, 100,000 koku) (1600)
Battles: Tennoji (1615)
Notes: In 1609 Tadamoto received the Spanish Governor of Manila (Don Roderigo Vivero y Velasco), whose ship had wrecked on the coast of Kazusa; he played a critical role in the Battle of Tennoji (1615), leading an attack that resulted in the death of Sanada Yukimura.

HONDA Masanobu
Tokuagwa retainer
Titles: Sado no Kami
Notes: Masanobu was originally an attendant to Tokugawa Ieyasu, then became a retainer of Sakai Shogen, a militant ecclesiast lord of Ueno - this made him an enemy of Ieyasu, who opposed the Mikawa monto; when the monto were defeated in 1564, Masanobu fled, eventually returning to rejoin Ieyasu's service; while not a soldier of any renown due to a wound suffered in his youth, Masanobu was often to be found at Ieyasu's side for the next fifty years; he was made secretary to Tokugawa Hidetada and his efforts helped prevent a rift between Hidetada and Ieyasu when the former was late arriving at Sekigahara (1600); Masanobu was said to have been at the center of the scandal that disgraced the Okubo family (1614) and some scholars believe Masanobu to have been a cunning schemer, noting his frequent feuds with Ieyasu's other chief retainers and his conspicuous refusal to accept rewards; he died of an illness in 1617.
Son: Masazumi

HONDA Masazumi
Tokugawa retainer
Titles: Kôzuke no Suke
Battles: Osaka Winter (1614)
Notes: Masazumi was the eldest son of Honda Masanobu; like his father, Masazumi's activities were largely confined to civil affairs and, like his father, he has been accused of being an invenerate schemer; at the end of the Osaka 'Winter Campaign' (1614), it was Masazumi whose men filled in the outer and second moats of the castle, in violation of the peace treaty.

HONDA Tadatsugu
Tokugawa retainer
Castle: Ina (Mikawa)
Son: Yasutoshi

HONDA Yasutoshi
Tokugawa retainer, son of Honda Tadatsugu
Castle: Okazaki (Mikawa)
Fiefs: Zeze (Ômi province, 30,000 koku) (1607)
Battles: Osaka Winter (1614)
Notes: Yasutoshi was the castellan of Okazaki Castle and was sent as a hostage to Toyotomi Hideyoshi during the Odawara Campaign (1590); he was a cousin to Tokugawa Ieyasu and served in the Osaka Winter campaign.

HONDA Yasushige
Tokugawa retainer
Titles: Bungo no Kami
Battles: Komaki Campaign (1584)
Notes: Yasushige was appointed one of Tokugawa Hidetada's councilors while Ieyasu went to Kyushu during the 1st Korean Campaign (1593-94).

HONDA Chikasada
Shimazu retainer
Titles: Shimotsuke no Kami
Castle: Yoshida
Battles: Minamata (1581)

HONJÔ Shigenaga
Uesugi retainer
Battles: 4th Kawanakajima
Notes: Shigenaga entered the service of Uesugi Kenshin in 1558 and fought in many of his battles.
Father: Fusenaga

HONJÔ Tsunemitsu
Amako, Môri vassal
Castle: Tamabuki (Iwami province)
Notes: Tsunemitsu was originally a vassal of the Amako, but defected to the Môri in 1563, after Amako Haruhisa's death; Yamabuki was important to control of the Iwami silver mines.

HORI Hidemasa
Oda, Toyotomi retainer
Titles: Kudarô
Castles: Obama (Wakasa province, 1582), Sakamoto (Ômi province, 1583)
Fiefs: Sakamoto (Ômi province, 90,000 koku) (1583)
Battles: Makinoji (1581), Yamazaki (1582), Uchide-hama (1582), Sakamoto (1582), Nagakute (1584), Odawara Campaign (1590)
Notes: Hidemasa was from Owari province and began his career in the service of Oda Nobunaga; in 1581 he was ordered to conduct a land survey in Izumi and during the course of the survey the Makinoji (a branch temple of the Kongobuji of Mt. Koyo) took up arms on 11 June - Hidemasa attacked the temple and burned it; later that year he was awarded Obama Castle in Wakasa and in June 1582 joined in Toyotomi Hideyoshi's attack on Akechi Mitsuhide; he fought at Yamazaki and soon afterwards defeated Akechi Mitsuharu at Uchide-hama, near Otsu; he went on to secure Sakamoto Castle, which became part of a large fief he was awarded in Omi worth 90,000 koku; Hidemasa participated in the Komaki Campaign (1584) on Hideyoshi's side, and led 3,000 men at the Battle of Nagakute, he joined the Toyotomi army besieging Odawara Castle in 1590 but died in camp during the campaign.
Sons: Hideharu, Chikayoshi (1580-1637)
Other names: Hori Kyutaro

HORI Hideharu
Toyotomi, Tokugawa retainer, 1st son of Hori Hidemasa
Fiefs: Kasugayama (Echigo province) (1590), Takata (Echigo province, 350,000 koku) (1598) Notes: Just prior to the Sekigahara Campaign (August -October, 1600) Hideharu squabbled with Uesugi Kagekatsu of neighboring Aizu, although he was to play only a small role in the 'Eastern' campaign to defeat the Uesugi.
Sons: Tadatoshi

HORI Tadatoshi
Edo Daimyô
Fief: Takata (Echigo province)
Notes: Tadatoshi was accused of incompetence in 1610 and banished to Mutsu along with Hori Chikayoshi, though the latter was later pardoned and given Zôô as a fief in Echigo (40,000 koku, 1612).

HORIO Yoshiharu
Toyotomi, Tokugawa retainer
Fiefs: Hamamatsu (Tôtômi province, 60,000 koku) (1590), Matsue (Izumo Province, 235,000 koku) (1600)
Battles: Inabayama (1567), Yamazaki (1582)
Notes: Horio served Hideyoshi from the early 1560's onward; he was involved in the capture of Inabayama from the Saito in 1567 and accompanied Hideyoshi to Ômi when the latter received a fief there in 1574; he led a contingent of troops at Yamazaki in 1582 and was awarded Hamamatsu in 1590; Yasuharu was nominally aligned with Tokugawa Ieyasu in the Sekigahara Campaign but took little or no part in the actual fighting; he was perhaps the only 16th Century general to recieve the nickname Hotoke, or 'Buddha'.
Son: Tadauji (1575-1604)

Takeda, Oda, Toyotomi, Tokugawa retainer
Castle: Takato (Shinano)
Fiefs: Tako (Shimosa province) (1590)
Battles: Odawara Campaign (1590), Sekigahara Campaign (1600)
Notes: Masanao first served Takeda Shinge, then Takeda Katsuyori; following the defeat of the Takeda in 1582, he joined the Oda briefly; after Nobunaga's death he served Toyotomi Hideyoshi and after the death of the latter, swiitched his loyalties to Tokugawa Ieyasu.
Son: Masamitsu

HOSHINO Masamitsu
Tokugawa retainer
Fief: Takato (Shinano province) (1600)
Battles: Osaka Winter (1614), Osaka Summer (1615)
Notes: Masamitsu served at the Seiges of Osaka Castle and later adopted the 4th son of the shogun Tokugawa Hidetada.

Notes: Hosokawa Katsumoto's son and Vice-shogun to Ashikaga Yoshitane, the ambitious Masamoto engineered a political coup that removed the shogun from office in 1493; in Yoshitane's place Masamoto put Ashikaga Yoshizumi, whom he went on to use as a puppet; he was murdered in 1507 by his adopted son Sumiyuki.
Sons: Sumiyuki, Sumimoto, Takakuni (all adopted)

1496 -1520
Deputy Shogun to Ashikaga Yoshizumi, Hosokawa Masamoto's 2nd adopted son
Notes: After Masamoto was killed, Sumimoto fled from his brother Sumiyuki and took up refuge with Rokkaku Takayori of Ômi; a powerful Hosokawa vassal, Miyoshi Nagateru, raised troops in Settsu and destroyed Sumiyuki in the young Sumimoto's name; though practically still a child, Sumimoto was named Kanrei and inherited all of the Hosokawa's holdings on Shikoku; Masamoto's 3rd son Takakuni and the Shogun he deposed, Yoshitane, had fled to Suo and garnered the support of Ôuchi Yoshioki, who raised an army and marched east; Sumimoto and his followers had intended to face Yoshioki in Settsu, but fled to Shikoku when they caught a glimpse of the large Ôuchi army (1508); in 1519, after Ôuchi had left the capital, Sumimoto attempted a return to Kyoto, but was defeated by his younger brother Takakuni and the Rokkaku; he returned to Shikoku and died the next year.

Deputy Shogun to Ashikaga Yoshitane, Hosokawa Masamoto's 3rd son
Battles: Amagaseki (1531)
Notes: After Masamoto was assassinated in 1507, Takakuni fled the capital and went to Suo, where he enlisted the aid of Ôuchi Yoshioki - Ôuchi, already a patron of deposed shogun Yoshitane, gathered an army and marched on Kyoto; in 1518 Ôuchi returned to Suo and Takakuni became Kanrei and wasted little time in attempting to strong arm Yoshitane; in response Yoshitane called on the Hatakeyama for assistance, for which Takakuni had him exiled; once Yoshitane was gone, Takakuni made a son of Yoshizumi - Yoshiharu - the shogun and proceeded to rule through him; Takakuni earned a reputation as an untrustworthy and greedy schemer and as a result spent most of his time fending off advances by his own family; his nephew Harumoto proved his greatest opponent, and handed him a decisive defeat at Amagaseki in 1531; Takakuni committed suicide son afterwards.

Deputy Shogun to Ashikaga Yoshiharu
Battles: Ishiyama Honganji (1533), War with Hosokawa Ujitsuna (1543, 1546), Miyake (1549), Kyoto (1553)
Notes: Following the defeat and suicide of Takakuni, Harumoto assumed the rank of Kanrei and chose to retain Yoshiharu as shogun; Harumoto found himself challenged by Miyoshi Motonaga of Settsu; though Miyoshi was a formidable opponent, Harumoto allied with the warlike monks of the Ishiyama Honganji and trapped managed to trap Motonaga and force him to commit suicide (1532); the Miyoshi continued to harass Harumoto, growing strength even as the Hosokawa weakened; in addition, the Hosokawa and Honganji parted ways soon after Motonaga's death and Harumoto attacked the Ishiyama Honganji in 1533; Harumoto's greatest rival proved to be Miyoshi Nagayoshi (otherwise known as Miyoshi Chokei), Motonaga's son and a gifted schemer and politician; he also was forced to battle a relative, Hosokawa Ujitsuna (1543, 1546), who was envious of his position; in 1545 Shogun Yoshitane fled Kyoto, abdicating in favor of his son Yoshiteru; Harumoto shifted his allegiance to Yoshiteru; Miyoshi and Matsunaga Hisahide convinced Yoshiteru to distance himself from Harumoto, and in 1549 he was forced to flee the capital; he continued to fight with the Miyoshi, and in August 1553 he attacked Kyoto and burned much of it; he attempted unsuccessfully to convince Ashikaga Yoshiharu to come out of retirement; he was captured by Chokei in 1559 but was allowed to retire to a temple in Settsu and died four years later; a man of some military accomplishment, Harumoto was said to have been an early proponent of the use of firearms.

Hosokawa general
Battles: Sakai (1543), War with Hosokawa Harumoto (1543, 1546), Sakai (1547), War with Miyoshi Masanaga (1548)
Notes: Ujitsuna challanged Harumoto for the post of Kanrei; he also clashed with Miyoshi Chokei but breifly allied with him to defeat Miyoshi Masanaga in 1548.

Ashikaga, Oda, Toyotomi, Tokugawa retainer
Fief: Tanabe (Tango province, 110,700 koku) (1580)
Battles: Kyushu Campaign (1587), Odawara Campaign (1590), Tanabe (1600)
Notes: Fujitaka was the son of Mibuchi Harusada, who had been adopted into the Hosokawa family; Fujitaka was a member of the Ashikaga court and during his service to Yoshiteru practiced linked verse with Satomura Joha, the noted renga master; in 1565 Yoshiteru was assassinated and Hosokawa left the capital, joining Ashikaga Yoshiaki in his search for a patron. After Oda Nobunaga established Yoshiaki in Kyoto (1568), Fujitaka continued to act as his advisor; after Yoshiaki was deposed in 1573, Fujitaka remained in Oda's service; Fujitaka was given a large fief in Tango in 1580, where he would remain until his death; when Akechi Mitsuhide destroyed Nobunaga in 1582, Fujitaka joined Toyotmi Hideyoshi even though his son Tadaoki was married to Mitsuhide's daughter; he later became a close confident to Hideyoshi and acted as a cultural assistant, advising Hideyoshi in the ways of etiquette and verse; Fujitaka accompanied Hideyoshi in the Kyushu Campaign (1587) and the Odawara Campaign (1590); after Hideyoshi's death in 1598 he retired to his studies, but was approached in 1600 by Ishida Mitsunari's followers who asked for his support against Tokugawa Ieyasu; it happened that as a result of one of Ishida's schemes, his son's wife was killed at Osaka - and various other factors led Fujitaka to side with Tokugawa Ieyasu; when the Ishida and Tokugawa went to war, Fujitaka was quickly surrounded in Tanabe Castle, his main residence in Tango (August 1600); luckily, the 'Western' commanders responsible for attacking Tanabe respected Fujitaka, and so made little effort to reduce the castle; Fujitaka feared for a collection of priceless works of poetry and history he had with him in the castle and appealed to the Court to send Meada Gen-I to come and receive these items lest they be damaged, a request readily granted along with an Imperial request that Fujitaka surrender; Fujitaka refused, and in the end the Emperor sent an Imperial edict ordering Hosokawa to lay down his arms. Hosokawa had little choice but to comply and opened Tanabe's gates on 19 October, two days before the actual battle of Sekigahara and too late for the besiegers to join Mitsunari's main army. After the Campaign ended, Fujitaka went back into quiet retirement; a man famous for his learning and verse-composition, Fujitaka composed numerous works of poetry, history, and literary review, including a number of well-regarded studies of the Tale of Ise; he was considered the foremost authority of his time on waka.
Son: Tadaoki
Other names: Hosokawa Yüsai

Toyotomi, Tokugawa retainer
Titles: Etchû no kami
Battles: Kataoka (1579), Komaki Campaign (1584), Odawara Campaign (1590), Sekigahara (1600), Osaka Winter (1614), Osaka Summer (1615)
Notes: Tadaoki was the eldest son of Hosokawa Fujitake and married the daughter of Akechi Mitsuhide around 1580; he sent his wife back to Mitsuhide when the latter killed Oda nobunaga in 1582, and refused to provide him with assistance; he afterwards took his wife (later known as Hosokawa Gracie) back; he was present on the Toyotomi side at the Komaki Campaign and saw service in the Odawara Campaign (1590), assisting in the attack on Nirayama; he spent time during the Korean Campaigns on Hideyoshi's staff on Kyushu; during the 1590's he became close to Tokugawa Ieyasu, who gave him money to cover debts with Toyotomi Hidetsugu; in the months leading up to the Sekigahara Campaign he gave his support to Ieyasu and suffered the death of his wife when Ishida Mitsunari attempted to take the wives of notable Tokugawa adherants hostage in Osaka; at the Battle of Sekigahara he commanded 5,000 men in the Tokugawa vanguard and clashed with the forces of Shima Sakon; he was afterwards given a 370,00-koku fief (Kokura, Buzen Province) and went on to serve at the Osaka Winter and Summer campaigns; he was give an enormous 540,000-koku fief at Kunamoto in Higo Province in 1632; Tadaoki was a man of some learning though, according to letters written by his wife, also possessed of a feirce temper.
Son: Tadatoshi (1586-1641)
Other names: Hosokawa Sansai


Daimyô (Tosa)
Castle: Nakamura
Titles: Kampaku
Notes: Fusaie a regent (Kampaku) to the emperor, who fled the Ônin fighting in Kyoto to his estates in Tosa province on Shikoku around 1468 and firmly established the Ichijô in the region; he founded Nakamura and planned its contstuction in such a way as to recreate Kyoto - without success.
Other names: Ichijô Norifusa, Ichijô Kanera

ICHIJÔ Kanesada
Daimyô (Tosa)
Castle: Nakamura
Battles: Shimantogawa (1575)
Notes: Kanesada was an unpopular lord and lost the support of a number of his important retainers; he was attacked by his erstwhile vassal Chosokabe Motochika in 1574 and in 1575 was forced to flee to Bungo, where he took up shelter with Ôtomo Sorin, whose daughter was Kanesada's mother; he became a Christian and attempted to reclaim his lands with the assistance of the Ôtomo; he failed and was exiled to an island off the coast of Iyo (Kojima); Motochika allowed him to stay there after the Chosokabe took Iyo, but is thought to have had a hand in his death in 1585; many stories of cruelty on Kanesada's part circulated in his day, which some scholars attribute in part to Chosokabe propoganda.
Son: Uchimasa
Other names: Dom Paulo

ICHIJÔ Uchimasa
Chosokabe retainer, son of Ichijo Kanesada
Notes: After the defeat of his family, Uchimasa married one of Chosokabe Motochika's daughters but was later killed after he attempted to defy his father-in-law.

ICHIJÔ Nobutatsu
Takeda retainer, younger brother of Takeda Shingen
Titles: Uemondayu
Castle: Ueno
Battles: Mikatagahara (1573), Nagashino (1575)
Notes: Ichijo was a son of Takeda Nobutora (and a diiferent mother then his elder brothers); he served in a number of Takeda Shingen's battles, including Mikatagahara and held Ueno Castle; he took part in the fighting at Nagashino in 1575 under his nephew Katsuyori; in 1582 he was captured by the Tokugawa and was put to death by the Fuji River.

II Naochika
Imagawa retainer
Castle: Iidani (Tôtômi province)
Notes: Naochika was executed by Imagawa Ujizane.
Son: Naomasa

II Naomasa
Tokugawa retainer
Titles: Hyobu-shoyu
Battles: Tanaka (1578), Nagakute (1584), Odawara Campaign (1590), Sekigahara (1600)
Notes: Naomasa was born in Hôda village in the Inasa district of Tôtômi province, the only son of Ii Naochika and the daughter of Okuyama Chikatomo; he entered the service of Tokuagwa Ieyasu around 1578, and quickly distiguished himself as a brave fighter; he commanded 3,000 men at the Battle of Nagakute and did great damage to the ikeda troops he faced with gunnery fire; following the Tokugawa transfer to the Kanto in 1590, Naomasa was given Minowa Castle in Kôzuke province, worth 12.000 koku; at the start of the Sekigahara Campaign, he participated in the attack on Gifu Castle and at the actual Battle of Sekigahara commanded 3,600 men; at Sekigahara he acted as an escort to Ieyasu's son Tadayoshi but managed to draw first blood, outpacing the troops of Fukushima Masanori and attacking Ukita Hideie's contingent; at the end of the battle he was shot and wounded by a Shimazu sniper; he was afterwards awarded Sawayama in Ômi province but died in 1602, evidently as a result of his Sekigahara wound; he was noted from dressing his men in red armor, and his contingent was often known as Ii's 'Red Devils' for its fighting spirit (Ii himself was sometimes called 'Akaoni', or Red Devil/ogre)
Sons: Naotsugu (H), Naotaka
Other names: Ii Manchiyo

II Naotsugu
Eldest son of Ii Naomasa
Castle: Sawayama (Ômi)
Notes: Naotsugu succeded his father in 1602 and began construction of Hikone Castle the following year; he refused to fight at Osaka Castle for the Tokugawa in 1614 and was therefore made to step down in favor of his younger brother Naotaka the following year.
Other names: Ii Naokatsu

II Naotaka
2nd Son of Ii Naomasa
Battles: Osaka Winter (1614), Osaka Summer (1615)
Notes: Naotaka fought in the Osaka Castle Campaigns (commanding 3,200 men at the Battle of Tennôji in June 1615) and following their conclusion was granted his elder brother Naotsugu's land; he completed work on Hikone Castle in 1622.

IJUIN Tadamune
Shimazu retainer
Titles: Uemon daibu
Castle: Koyama
Battles: Mimigawa (1578), Minamata (1581), Hideyoshi's Kyushu Campaign (1587), 2nd Korean Campaign (1597-98)
Notes: Tadamune was an important Shimazu retainer who served in many of Shimazu Yoshihisa's campaigns; during Hideyoshi's invasion of Kyushu in 1587, Tadamune ended up assisting in negotiations between Hideyoshi and the Shimazu; around 1595 he was transferred from Koyama to Miyako-no-sho and led over 2,000 men in the 2nd Korean CampaignTadamune was condemned for conspiratorial activities in 1599 and put to death.
Other names: Ijuin Kôgan

IKEDA Katsumasa
Daimyô (Settsu)
Notes: Katsumasa submitted to Oda Nobunaga in November of 1568 and

IKEDA Nobuteru
Oda, Toyotomi retainer
Castle: Kinota (1566), Inuyama (1570), Honoguma (1579), Osaka (1580), Ôgaki (1583)
Battles: Okehazama (1560), Anegawa (1570), Yamazaki 91582), Nagakute (1583)
Notes: Nobuteru began his career as a soldier under Oda Nobunaga, to whom his mother had acted as a wet-nurse; he received his first command in 1560 and served at Okehazama that same year; in 1566 he was given the castle of Kinota in Mino province; in 1570 he was made the commander of Inuyama Castle following his participation in the Battle of Anegawa (where he led 3,000 men), and in 1580 was given Osaka Castle and an income worth as much as 100,000 koku; he fought for Hideyoshi at Yamazaki, and the following year formally offered his loyalty; he particpated in the Komaki Campaign in 1584, and was a commander at the Battle of Nagakute against the Tokugawa - in the course of the fighting a certain Nagai Denpachiro ran Nobuteru through with a spear and killed him.
Sons: Yukisuke, Terumasa (H), Nagayoshi
Other names: Ikeda Tsuneoki, Ikeda Shônyû

IKEDA Yukisuke
1st son of Ikeda Nobuteru
Castle: Gifu (Mino province)
Battles: Nagakute
Other names: Ikeda Motosuke

IKEDA Terumasa
Toyotomi, Tokugawa retainer, Edo Daimyô
Castles: Ikejiri (Mino, 1583), Yoshida (Mikawa, 1590), Himeji (1601)
Battles: Nagakute (1584), Odawara Campaign (1590), Sekigahara (1600)
Notes: Terumasa joined his father in fighting at Nagakute, a batle that saw his father, elder brother, and brother-in-law killed; in 1590, following the transfer of Tokugawa Ieyasu to the Kanto, Terumasa was established at Yoshida in Mikawa, a 152,000 koku fief; in 1594 he married one of Tokugawa's daughters, and after Hideyoshi's death in 1598, the Ikeda drifted into Ieyasu's camp; whe the Sekigahara Campaign began, he immediatly joijed Ieyasu and competed with Fukashima Masanori to reduce Gifu in Mino, held by Oda Hidenobu; at the Battle of Sekigahara itself Terumasa commanded 4,500 troops in the rear guard and saw some desultory fighting with Chosokabe Morichika's contingent as the battle wound down; following the Tokugawa victory, Terumasa was given a 520,000-koku fief in Harima, centered on Himeji Castle (which he greatly expanded); in 1603 Bizen was added to Terumasa's territory, and this he assigned to his eldest son Toshitaka; at the time of his death, Trumasa was one of the richest Daimyô west of Kyoto and was nicknamed the saigoku no shogun, or 'Shogun of Western Japan'.
Sons: Toshitaka

IKOMA Ienaga
Oda, Toyotomi retainer
Battles: Moribe (1561), Anegawa (1570), Nagakute (1584), Odawara (1590)
Notes: Ienaga, the brother of Oda Nobunaga's concubine Kitsuno, became a trusted Oda retainer and served in a number of Oda Campaigns; he later served Toyotomi Hideyoshi.

IKOMA Kazumasa
Tokugawa retainer
Battles: Sekigahara (1600)
Notes: Kazumasa was the son of Ikoma Chikamasa; he led 1,800 men at the Battle of Sekigahara and was afterwards given land worth some 170,000 koku.

Daimyô family of Tôtômi and Suruga
Capital: Sumpu (Suruga Province)
House Code: Imagawa Kana Mokuroku (Imagawa Ujichika, 1526)
Notes: The Imagawa were established by Imagawa Kuniuji, the son of Ashikaga Nagauji (1211-90); they were powerful in Suruga throughout the Muromachi Period, providing a line headed by Imagawa Sadayo to act as the Ashikaga's representatives in Kyushu; the Imagawa expanded their influence in the sengoku period, securing a hold over Tôtômi Province and penetrating Mikawa Province; they were defeated at Okehazama in 1560 by Oda Nobunaga and succumbed to the Takeda in 1569; they lived on to provide Masters of Ceremony to the Tokugawa bakufu in the Edo period.

IMAGAWA Ujichika
Daimyô of Suruga
Castle: Sumpu (Suruga Province)
Battles: Hikuma (1514)
Titles: Kazusa no Suke
Notes: Ujichika was the son of Imagawa Yoshitada and expanded Imagawa influence into Tôtômi province and clashed with the Hôjô and Takeda.
Sons: Ujiteru (H), Yoshizane, Ujitoyo, Yoshimoto

Daimyô of Suruga
Notes: Ujiteru was the eldest son of Imagawa Ujichika and succeded his father in 1526; he died of illness in 1536, setting off a succesion dispute among his younger brothers from which Yoshimoto emerged daimyô.

IMAGAWA Yoshimoto
1519-1560 (Killed at Okehazama)
Daimyô of Suruga and Tôtômi
Ruled: 1536-1560
Castle: Sumpu (Suruga Province)
Battles: Azukizaka (1542), War with Hôjô (1554), Okehazama (1560)
Notes: Yoshimoto was the 5th son of Imagawa Ujichika and succeded his father after a succession dispute (the so-called hanagura no ran) with his brothers; he married Takeda Nobutora's sister in 1537 and may have been involved in Takeda Shingen's take-over in Kai (1540); he marched against the Hôjô in 1544 but concluded a peace treaty with them and went back; a noted administrator, Yoshimoto carried out a series of land surveys and transformed his capital of Sumpu into a cultural center; Yoshimoto himself was said to have had the habit of shaving his eyebrows and blackening his teeth in the manner of a Kyoto noble; his chief wives was of noble blood (her father was the Dainagon Naka no Mikado Nobutane) and is said to have assisted him in this area; militarily, Yoshimoto worked towards consolidating the Imagawa domain and was greatly aided by his uncle, the monk-general Sessai Choro; he secured Imagawa influence over Totomi and made a series of political arrangements designed to bring the Matsudaira under his control; he fought with Oda Nobuhide of Owari on a number of occasions, and then with his son Nobunaga; Yoshimoto was also compelled to skirmish with both the Hôjô and Takeda from time to time, making an extensive series of political agreements with both in 1554; in 1560 he organized an army of some 20,000 and marched westward, determined to take Kyoto; in Owari he was attacked in the Dengakuhazama (Okehazama) by a much smaller force under Oda Nobunaga and was killed in the confusion; Yoshimoto established a printing press in Sumpu and oversaw the compilation of a 5 volume history of the Imagawa.
Son: Ujizane

Daimyô of Suruga and Tôtômi
Ruled: 1560-1570
Battles: War with Takeda (1568-1570)
Notes: Ujizane became Daimyô following the death of his father Yoshimoto at Okehazama; he suffered the loss of his Matsudaira vassals by 1563 and came into conflict with the Takeda; although Ujizane was the son of Takeda Shingen's sister, the latter invaded Suruga in 1568 while Tokugawa Ieyasu attacked Tôtômi; as Ujizane was married to a daughter of Hôjô Ujiyasu, the Hôjô offered the Imagawa assistance but to no avail; by 1570 Shingen had taken Sumpu, and Ujizane retired from active life, ultimately finding refuge with Tokugawa Ieyasu.
Son: Norimochi (1570-1607)

Samurai family of Ômi
Castle: Minouchi
Notes: The Imai entered the Sengoku Period as fudai to the Kyôgoku family; when the Kyôgoku were defeated by the Asai, the Imai eventually allied themselves with the latter; their independance was diminished by Asai Nagamasa.

IMAI Sadakiyo
Asai retainer
Castle: Minouchi
Battles: Futô (1561)
Notes: Kenroku was an ally and later vassal to the Asai; he was accidently speared and killed by Asai retainer, Kishizawa Yoichi, during the Asai's efforts to recapture Futo Castle from the Rokaku in 1561.
Other names: Imai Kenroku

INA Tadatsugu
Takeda, Tokugawa retainer
Battles: Odawara Campaign (1590)
Notes: Tadatsugu, a civil officer of some ability, first served Takeda Katsuyori, and later Tokugawa Ieyasu; after the Odawara Campaign he was given a 13,000-koku fief at Konosu in Musashi province and was made responsible for the administration of the Kanto's granary land; following the formation of the Edo Bakufu Ina continued to act as an expert on civil administration for Ieyasu; before his death he had supervised a number of public works projects.
Son: Tadamasa

INABA Ittetsu
Saitô, Oda, Toyotomi retainer
Battles: Anegawa (1570), Komaki Campaign (1584)
Notes: Ittetsu joined Oda Nobunaga around 1561 and assisted him in defeating the Saitô (Ittetsu's former lords); he was present at the Battle of Anegawa and later transferred his loyalties to Hideyoshi following Nobunaga's death.
Son: Masanari
Other names: Inaba Sadasuke

INABA Masanari
Oda, Toyotomi, Tokugawa retainer
Battles: Komaki Campaign (1584)
Notes: Masanari was the son of Inaba Ittetsu and like his father served Oda Nobunaga and the Toyotomi Hideyoshi; he eventually recieved a 25,000-koku fief in Echigo Province at Itoigawa (1619).

INOUE Motokane
Môri retainer
Notes: Motokane was the head of a notable Aki family that served the Môri; as Motokane grew more powerful militarily and economically, he began to test the leadership of Môri Motonari; in 1550 Motonari forced Motokane on the grounds of treasonous behavior, an act that secured the former as Aki's most powerful warlord.

IRIKI-IN Shigetomo
Shimazu retainer
Battles: Momotsugi (1539), Hirasa (1539), Kuma no sho (1539)
Notes: Shigetomo was the son of Iriki-in Shigetoshi and head of the Iriki-in, serving Shimazu Takahisa; on Takahisa's behalf he fought with the forces of Shimazu Sanehisa; he was granted Momotsugi Castle in 1536, and Koriyama in 1537, but was forced to capture the former from Sanehisa in 1539; his relations with Shimazu Takahisa spoiled despite his excellant service, and Shimazu Takahisa prepared an expedition to chastise him in 1544; he died that same year, however, and was succeded by Iriki-in Shigetsugu (d.1570), who managed to restore the Iriki-in's standing with Takahisa.

IRIKI-IN Shigetoyo
Shimazu retainer
Titles: Danjô no chu
Battles: Minamata (1581)
Notes: Shigetoyo, the son of Iriki-in Shigetoshi, married an elder sister of Shimazu Yukihisa and served the Shimazu loyally; he died without an heir and was succeded by Iriki-in Shigetoki.

IRIKI-IN Shigetoki
Shimazu retainer
Battles: 2nd Korean Campaign (1597-98), Kusumure (1599), Sekigahara (1600)
Notes: Shigetoki was the second son of Shimazu Yukihisa and was adopted as heir to the Iriki-in following the death of Iriki-in Shigetoyo in 1583; he subsequently married a daughter of Shimazu Toshihisa; he was unable to serve in the 1st Korean Campaign due to illness; he served in the 2nd Korean Campaign and rendered distinguished service (at Namwan, Sach'on, and elsewhere), afterwards being given a fief at Yuno-o; in 1599 he helped put down a rebellion by Ijuin Tadamune, and fought at Kusumure, afterwards taking the news of the victory to Tokugawa Ieyasu; he accompanied Shimazu Yoshihiro to the Battle of Sekigahara, and in the course of the fighting and the flight following the defeat of the western army, was killed along with the entire Iriki-in contingent.
Other names: Iriki-in Mataroku

IRIKI-IN Shigetaka
Shimazu retainer
Titles: Iwami no kami
Battles: Osaka Winter (1614)
Notes: Shigetaka was a nephew of Shimazu Yoshihisa and the son of Shimazu Yoshitora; he was adopted into first the Ei, then the Iriki-in, where he succeded Iriki-in Shigetoki, who died without an heir at Sekigahara (1600); in 1613 he was transferred from Yuno-o to Iriki-in.
Other names: Shimazu Hisahide, Ei Hisahide, Iriki-in Shigekuni

IROBE Katsunaga
Uesugi retainer
Battles: 3rd Kawanakajima (1557), 4th Kawanakajima (1561)
Notes: Katsunaga was the son of Irobe Norinaga, a leading retainer of Nagao Tamekage; he acted as Uesugi Kenshin's military chief of staff (Gun - bugyô) and was given a fief at Shitoshi.
Son: Akinaga (Yasaburô)

ISHIDA Masatsugu
Asai retainer
Castle: Ishida
Notes: Masatsugu was the son of Ishida Seishin; he retired after the defeat of the Asai in 1573 and commited suicide after he recieved word of Sekigahara.
Sons: Masazumi, Mitsunari

ISHIDA Masazumi
d.1600 (Sucide at Sawayama)
Ishida retainer, elder brother of Ishida Mitsunari
Battles: Sawayama
Notes: Masazumi held Sawayama Castle for his brother Mistunari while the later was engaged in the vents leading up to the Battle of Sekigahara; following the battle, Sawayama was besieged and Masazumi commited suicide.

ISHIDA Mitsunari
Toyotomi retainer
Titles: Jibu Shôyû
Castle: Sawayama (Ômi province)
Battles: Shizugatake (1583), Odawara Campaign (1590), 1st Korean Campaign (1592-1593), 2nd Korean Campaign (1597-98), Sekigahara (1600)
Notes: Mitsunari was the son of Ishida Masatsugu and was born at Ishida in Ômi Province; he was recruited into Hashiba (Toyotomi) Hideyoshi's service around 1578, in part due to his cultural acuity; while he saw military service at Shizugatake and elsewhere, his main function was that of an administrator, and in the Korean Campaign he acted as an Inspector of Forces for Hideyoshi and accumulated a fief of some 200,000 koku; he became distrusted and disliked by many, in part due to his 'civilian' nature but probably more because of the power he wielded within the Toyotomi goverment; he issued many orders in Hideyoshi's name, and often acted as Hideyoshi's representative; in 1598 he was named on of the Five Commisoners responsible with maintaining the civil affairs of the realm while Hideyori came of age; he was out-spoken and at times tactless, but held enough support to challange Tokugawa Ieyasu, the most powerful of the Regents; he argued-with some cause-that Ieyasu was undermining the both legacy of the late Taikô and his final wishes; Ieyasu countered by painting Mistunari (also with some validity) as an unscrupulous schemer; Mistunari went so far as to attempt the assasination of Ieyasu in 1599, and narrowly avoided his own death at the hands of several Tokugawa loyalists (thanks, ironically and mysteriously, to help from ieyasu himself); the following year, after gaining the support of three of the Regents (Môri Terumoto, Uesugi Kagekatsu, and Ukita Hideie), Mitsunari rallied a host of Daimyô (predominantly from the western provinces) against Ieyasu, and on 22 August the Sekigahara Campaign began; in the lead-up to the climactic battle, Mitsunari argued with Môri Terumoto, and while naming him nominal commander of the 'western' forces, asked him to guard Hideyosri at Osaka Castle; this obvious ploy on Mitsunari's part to maintain his importance in the unfolding events deeply insulted the Môri, and in the Battle of Sekigahara on 21 October that clan would contribute little; at Sekigahara, Mitsunari's rough strategy was sound-he intended to draw Ieyasu into the valley and fall on him from all sides, but was undone by the betrayal of Kobayakawa Hideaki and the inactivity of the Môri; the western army was utterly defeated, and Mistunari was apprehended some days later; he was taken to the Rokujôgahara execution grounds in Kyoto and was beheaded along with Ankokuji Ekei and Konishi Yukinaga.
Son: Shigeie (Hayato no shô)
Other names: Ishida Katsushige

Tokugawa, Toyotomi retainer
Battles: Anegawa (1570), Mikatagahara (1573), Komaki Campaign (1584)
Notes: Kazumasa served Ieyasu from childhood, when both were hostages in the Imagawa's capital of Sumpu; after Ieyasu secured independance from the Imagawa after Okehazama (1560), Kazumasa became a valued retainer and a skilled administrator; when Ieyasu managed to convince Imagawa Ujizane to relase his family in 1562, Ishikawa went to the Imagawa capital to act as their guardian, a dangerous assignment; in 1583, after Tototomi Hideyoshi's victory over Shibata Katsuie, Ishikawa was sent to present him with Ieyasu's congratulations; the next year, Tokugawa decided to take issue with his Hideyoshi; Ishikawa and Sakikabara accordingly issued statements attacking Hideyoshi; Ishikawa served at Ieyasu's Komaki headquarters during the resulting Komaki-Nagakute Campaign; following the cease-fire, Kazumasa switched sides in September 1585, evidently dismayed by what he took to be Tokugawa's foolhardy path of resistance to Hideyoshi; is departure from the Tokugawa camp proved quite inconvenient for Ieyasu, who was obliged to restructure his defensive policies and military organization, owing to Kazumasa's intimate knowledge of the Tokugawa; he afterwards retired and lived with his son Yasumichi until he died in Iwanuma Castle.
Son: Yasumichi
Other names: Ishikawa Ienari

ISHIKKI Yoshimichi
Daimyô (Tajima)
Notes: Yoshimichi was the son of Ishikki Yoshiyuki; he opposed Oda Nobunaga and suffered the invasion of his lands in 1578 by Hosokawa Fujitake; he was initally succesful against Fujitake but was defeated when Akechi Mitsuhide arrived and the Nuta clan betrayed him; he commited suicide in 1579 but his son Yoshisada continued to resist until he accepted a truce with Fujitake and married one of the latter's daughters; Yoshisada was overthrown and killed in 1582 by his uncle Yoshikiyo, who was in turn destroyed by the Hosokawa.
Son: Yoshisada (d.1582)

Tokugawa retainer
Notes: Sûden was a Zen monk who acted as a religious advisor to Tokugawa Ieyasu and as a result played a notable role in that sphere in the foundation of the Tokugawa shogunate; along with other scholars he drafted the Buke shohatto for Tokugawa Ieyasu in 1615 and read the document before an assembly of daimyô at Fushimi that same year.
Other names: Konchiin Sûden

ISONO Kazumasa
Asai retainer
Titles: Tamba no kami
Battles: Futo (1561), Anegawa (1570)
Notes: Kazumasa was a senior Asai retainer who was killed leading the front rank of the Asai army at the Anegawa against Oda Nobunaga in 1570.

ITÔ Yoshisuke
Daimyô (Hyûga)
Battles: Kizakihara (1572), Takabaru (1576), Tozaki - Kamiya (1578)
Notes: Yoshisuke took Obi in southern Hyûga and clashed with the Shimazu of Satsuma; in 1572 Shimazu Yoshihisa defeated Yoshisuke at Kizakihara and afterwards the power of the Itô declined; Yoshisuke was defeated again at Takabaru in 1576 and in 1578, hard-pressed by the Shimazu, he fled to the lands of the Ôtomo; he eventually retired to Kyoto.
Son: Suketaka

ITÔ Suketaka
Toyotomi retainer
Battles: Kyushu Campaign (1587), 1st Korean Campaign (1592-93)
Notes: Suketaka was the son of Itô Yoshisuke and joined him in fleeing Hyûga from the Shimazu in 1578; he eventually became a Toyotomi retainer and participated in the Kyushu Campaign and was afterwards awarded Obi Castle (50,000 koku) in Hyuga; he led 1,000 men in the 1st Korean Campaign and supported Ishida Mitsunari in the Sekigahara Campaign.
Son: Sukeyoshi (1588-1636)

IZUMIDA Shigemitsu
Date retainer
Battles: Soma (1582), Nihinmatsu (1585), Ôsaki (1588)
Notes: Shigemitsu joined the Date in 1582; he was captured by enemy forces at Ô saki in 1588 but was later returned.


Daimyô of Etchû
Notes: The obscure Jinbo family of Etchû Province clashed with the Kaga ikko-ikki and was later absorbed within the Uesugi and later the Sasa.

JINBO Nagamoto
Daimyô (Etchû)
Castle: Toyama
Notes: Nagamoto's father died fighting alongside Nagao Tamekage against the Ikko-ikki; Nagamoto himself fought against Uesugi Kenshin on a number of occasions.
Son: Ujiharu

JINBO Ujiharu
Jinbo, Uesugi, Sasa retainer
Notes: Nagasumi became one of Uesugi Kenshin's retainers following the Jinbo's submission to the latter; he later joined Sasa Narimasa but became a ronin after the latter was sent to Higo in 1587.

JOJO Masashige
Uesugi retainer
Titles: Aki no kami
Notes: Masashige was a son of Hatakeyama Yoshimune and fled to the Uesugi domain as a result of turmoil within Noto Province; he served Uesugi Kenshin and later Kagekatsu with distinction and was active in the fighting with the forces of Oda Nobunaga in Etchû; his son Yoshizane was one of the hostages Kagekatsu provided to Hideyoshi as a measure of his good faith; he was married to Uesugi Kagekatsu's younger sister.
Other names: Hatakayama Yoshiharu, Uesugi Yoshiharu


KAIHÔ Tsunechika
Asai retainer
Battles: Anegawa (1570), Odani (1573)
Notes: Tsunechika served Asai Nagamasa; he commited suicde when the Asai fell to Oda Nobunaga in 1573.

Uesugi retainer
Titles: Izumi no Kami
Battles: 3rd Kawanakajima (1557), 4th Kawanakajima (1561),
Notes: Kageie led the Uesugi vanguard at 4th Kawanakajima and clashed with the forces of Takeda Nobushige; he was later falsely charged with treason and executed, an action Uesugi Kenshin came to bitterly regret.

KAKIZAKI Yoshihiro

KANAMORI Nagachika
Oda, Toyotomi retainer
Battles: Nagashino (1575), Takayama (1585), Sekigahara (1600)
Notes: Nagachika originally served Oda Nobunaga and fought at Nagashino (1575); following Nobunaga's death in 1582, Nagachika at first sided with Shibata Katsuie, then gave his loyalty to Toyotomi Hideyoshi; in 1585 he was dispatched to destroy the Anegakoji of Hida Province and was afterwards given their castle of Takayama; he later gave his support to Tokugawa Ieyasu during the Sekigahara Campaign (1600) and led 1, 140 men to the Battle of Sekigahara.
Son: Yoshishige (Adopted)

KANI Saizô
Professional Rônin
Battles: Sekigahara (1600)
Notes: Kani Saizô was originally a vassal of the Saitô in Mino province; when Saitô Tatsuoki was defeated by Nobunaga, Saizô joined the Shibata clan; he later left the Shibata clan to serve Akechi Mitsuhide; after Mitsuhide's defeat at the Battle of Yamazaki, he joined Oda Nobutaka until he too was killed in 1583; Saizô eventually joined Toyotomi Hidetsugu, and then, following Hidetsugu's fall, went to serve Maeda Toshiie; eventually, he ended up with Fukushima Masanori, under whom he would serve at Sekigahara; he is best remembered for his taking of 16 heads at Sekigahara - probably the most for any one single warrior at that battle - rather than bring the heads back to camp one by one, Saizô marked them as his own by stuffing their mouths with bamboo grass; it is said that upon hearing of his deeds at the post battle gathering, Tokugawa Ieyasu nicknamed him 'Sasasaizô' - Bamboo grass Saizô.

Daimyô family of Mutsu
Notes: The Kasai were locally powerful in Mutsu and clashed with the Hatakeyama in the Kurihara area; they later allied with the Date but suffered internal disturbances (such as the Temmon no ran of 1547) and were later invaded by their erstwhile allies and badly defeated at Tasuku; after this defeat a number of retainers began to drift away and the power of the family waned as it accepted Date control.

KASAI Harukiyo
Daimyô family of Mutsu
Battles: Temmon no ran (1547)
Notes: Harukiyo was the son of Kasai Morinobu, who died suddenly; Harukiyo acted as a guardian to his younger brother Harutane.

KATAGIRI Katsumoto
Toyotomi, Tokugawa retainer
Battles: Shizugatake (1583), Kyushu Campaign (1587), Osaka Winter (1614), Osaka Summer (1615)
Notes: Katsumoto first distinguished himself as one of the Seven Spears of Shizugatake, where he fought for Hideyoshi; he participated in the Kyushu Campaign and was given a fief in Settsu province; he remained neutral during the Sekigahara Campaign and later attempted to negotiate a peace between Tokugawa Ieyasu and Toyotomi Hideyori, though he fought for Ieyasu at the Seiges of Osaka Castle.

KATAKURA Kagetsuna
Daté retainer
Battles: Hitadori (1585), Suriagehara (1589), Sekigahara Campaign (1600), Osaka Winter (1614), Osaka Summer (1615)
Notes: Kagetsuna was one of Date Masamune's chief retainers and served as the gun bugyô (army commissioner) for his army; he played an important role in Masamune's battles to destroy the Ashina (which culminated in the capture of the Ashina capital in 1589) and was active in the campaign to contain Uesugi Kagekatsu in 1600; he accompanied Masamune to the Seiges of Osaka Castle and died soon afterwards.
Son: Shigetsuna

KATAKURA Shigetsuna
Daté retainer
Battles: Osaka Winter (1614), Osaka Summer (1615)
Notes: Shigetsuna was the son of Katakura Kagetsuna and fought at Osaka Castle under his father and Date Masamune, particularly distinguishing himself at the Battle of Tennôji, where he took five heads; his preformance in the fighting earned him the nickname 'Devil Kojurô'.
Other names: Katakura Shigenaga, Kojurô

KATO Kiyomasa
Toyotomi retainer, Edo Daimyô
Titles: Tora no Suke
Fiefs: Kumamoto (Higo province, 250,000 koku) (1587), Higo province (500,000 koku) (1600)
Battles: Shizugatake (1583), Kyushu Campaign (1587), Sendaigawa (1587), 1st Korean Campaign (1592-93), Chinju (1597-98), Sekigahara Campaign (1600)
Notes: Kiyomasa was the son of Kato Tadakiyo; he was born in Nakamura, a village in Owari reputed to be the home of Toyotomi Hideyoshi; he first distinguished himself at Shizugatake, where he gained fame as one of the 'Seven Spears' of that battle; he served in the Kyushu Campaign (1587) and fought a one-on-one fight with Niiro Tadamoto of the Shimazu at the Battle of Sendaigawa; he afterwards recieved half of Higo province, which he shared with a man who would become a bitter rival - Konishi Yukinaga; he was selected to lead one of the two main forces that would spearhead the Japanese drive into Korea in 1592 (the other being commanded by konishi) and his route carried him as far as the border of Manchuria in NE Korea; he opposed retrating when the Japanese situation became precarious, and took with him a captured Korean prince; he was in the vanguard of the 2nd Korean Campaign, but was besieged along with Asano Nagamasa at Chinju Castle, which held out until relief came in the Spring of the following year; he was a rival to Ishida Mitsunari and so gave his support to Tokugawa Ieyasu during the Sekigahara; he joined forces with Kuroda Yoshitaka to capture a number of castles on Kyushu, including Kurume in Chikugo; after Sekigahara he was given the lands of Konishi Yukinaga (executed in the wake of the Battle of Sekigahara), raising his income to around 500,000 koku; he became involved in the building of Edo Castle and died in 1611, presumably as a result of the so-called Chinese pox (though Tokugawa Ieyasu's hand has always been suspected); Kiyomasa was a fanatical follower of the Nicherin sect of Buddhism and was as well known for his cruelty as his bravery (in Korea, for sport, he hunted tigers with a spear) and recieved the nickname Kishokan (Devil General).
Son: Tadahiro
Other names: Yashiyamaru (Childhood name)

KATO Tadahiro
Edo Daimyô
Castle: Kunamoto
Notes: Tadahiro was accused of plotting against the Bakufu by Tokugawa Iemitsu in 1632 and was deprived of his domain, a controversial event that compelled Iemitsu to personally explain his decison to a number of the other Daimyô.

KATO Yoshiaki
Oda, Toyotomi, Tokugawa retainer
Battles: Shizugatake (1583), Kyushu Campaign (1587), Odawara (1590), 1st Korean Campaign (1592-93), 2nd Korean Campaign (1597-98), Sekigahara (1600)
Notes: Yoshiaki first distinguished himself at the Battle of Shizugatake (1583), where he would be remembered as one of that struggle's 'Seven Spears'; he went on to become a naval commander for Toyotomi Hideyoshi and commanded ships in the Kyushu and Odawara Campaigns, after which he was given a 100,000-koku fief in Ise (Matsuzaki); he was involved in the bitter naval battles fought off the coast of southern Korea during the 1st and 2nd Korean Campaigns; following the death of Hideyoshi (1598), he drifted in Tokugawa Ieyasu's camp, and fought for him during the Sekigahara Campaign (1600); at the Battle of Sekigahara he commanded 3,000 men in the Tokugawa vanguard and clashed with the forces of Shima Sakon; after the battle his fief was increased to 200,000 koku.

KATSURA Tadaakira
Shimazu retainer
Titles: Taro-byoe
Castle: Hirsasa (Satsuma province)
Battles: Hirasa (1587)
Notes: Tadaakira attempted to hold off the armies of Toyotomi Hideyoshi from his castle of Hirasa, which guarded one of the approaches to Kagoshima - he surrendered along with the rest of the Shimazu clan.

KAWADA Nagayori
Uesugi retainer
Castle: Matsukura (Etchû Province)
Battles: Arakawa (1581)
Notes: Nagayori served Uesugi Kagekatsu; in March 1581 he attacked Sasa Narimasa's Arakawa Castle and was defeated.

KII Chikafusa
Ôtomo, Kuroda retainer
Notes: Chikafusa was the son of Kii Nagafusa; he was a vassal of the Ôtomo who threw in with the Shimazu when they invaded the Ôtomo's domain in 1586; he submitted to Toyotomi Hideyoshi the following year; he opposed Kuroda Yoshitaka (who had been given Buzen as his fief) and was murdered by Kuroda Nagamasa.

KIIRE Hisamichi
Shimazu retainer
Titles: Shikibu-taiyu
Notes: Hisamichi was an important Shimazu retainer who fought in many of Shimazu Yoshihisa's campaigns, incuding Minamata (1581) and the Inavsion of Bungo (1586).

Samurai family of Aki, Môri retainer family
Notes: The Kikkawa were descended from a certain Kikkawa Tomokane who was killed helping to destroy Kajiwara Kagetoki in 1199; Tomokane's grandson Tsunemitsu was granted a fief in Aki at Ôasa; during the latter part of the 15th Century the Kikkawa served such shugo powers as the Akamatsu and Aki-Takeda, and initally competed with the Môri for land in Aki; they were brought under the Môri's sway by the adoption of Motonari's 2nd son Motoharu as heir.

KIKKAWA Okitsune
Daimyô (Aki)
Battles: Gassan - Toda (1543)
Notes: Okitsune was a rival of Môri Motonari and allied himself with the Amako in the 1540's; Motonari responded by pressuring Okitsune to adopt his son Motoharu; in 1550 he was pressured into retirement and succeded by Motoharu; he was later killed on Môri's orders.

KIKKAWA Motoharu
Môri retainer, 2nd son of Môri Motonari
Castle: Gassan - Toda (1566)
Battles: Miyajima (1555), Shiga (1564), Gassan - Toda (1565-66), Moji (1558), Matsuyama (1563), Torisaka (1568), Kozuki (1578), Takamatsu (1582), Shikoku Camapign (1585)
Notes: Motoharu was adopted into the Kikkawa and became the head of that family in 1550; he proved himself an invaluable asset to his father Motonari, and fought in countless engagements alongside his brother Kobayakawa Takakage; following the surrender of Amako Yoshihisa in January 1566 Motoharu was given Izumo province, where he clashed with Amako loyalists headed by Yamanaka Yukimori; he was active in the war with the Oda that culminated in the Siege of Takamatsu Castle in Bingo and after the death of Nobunaga (1582) played important role in Hideyoshi's conquest of Shikoku in 1585, landing with his brother Kobayakawa on Iyo with 30,000 men; he died the next year.
Sons: Motonaga, Hiroie (H)

KIKKAWA Motonaga
Eldest son of Kikkawa Motoharu
Notes: Motonaga assisted his father in his struggles with Yamanaka Shikanosuke and other Amako loyalists in Izumo and Hoki; he died a year after his father.

Môori retainer
Castle: Gassan-Toda (Izumo)
Battles: Sekigahara (1600)
Notes: Hiroie was Kikkawa Motoharu's son and succeded his elder brother Motonaga when the latter died in 1587; he ruled the former Amako domain and was one of the most powerful men in the Môri clan; he led troops under his cousin Môri Terumoto in the 1st and 2nd Korean Campaigns; when sides were being drawn between Ishida Mitsunari and Tokugawa Ieyasu, Hiroie urged Terumoto to side with the latter, a recommendation that Terumoto did not specifically decline (despite going along with Ishida), thus prompting Hiroie to send a secret message to Ieyasu to the effect that he could count on the Môori to do nothing in the coming fight; in the Battle of Sekigahara, Hiroie, with 3,000 men, occupied the lead position in the Môri army deployed on the east side of Mt. Nangû - when the fighting began he refused to move, thus preventing Môri Hidemoto (with 15,000 men) from entering the fray; after the battle, Hiroie was disappointed to discover that Ieyasu had no intention of rewarding the Môri for their inactivity, though he did increase Hiroie's own fief somewhat; Hiroie built Iwakuni Castle in 1608.

KIMURA Shigekore
Toytomi retainer
Battles: Yamazaki (1582), Odawara Campaign (1590)
Notes: Shigekore served Toyotomi Hideyoshi and served him at the Battle of Yamazaki and in the Odawara Campaign against the Hôjô; he became an associate of Toyotomi Hidetsugu and commited suicde after the latter's downfall in 1595.
Son: Shigenari

KIMURA Shigenari
Osaka Castle defender
Titles: Nagato no kami
Battles: Osaka Winter (1614), Osaka Summer (1615)
Notes: Shigenari was the son of Kimura Shigekore; he joined the defenders of Osaka Castle in 1614 and was killed at the Battle of Wakae in the Osaka Summer Campaign.

KIRA Chikasada
Chosokabe retainer
Battles: War with Ichijo (1574-75)
Notes: Chikasada was the 2nd son of Chosokabe Kunichika and Chosokabe Motochika's younger brother; he was adopted into the Kira family of Tosa, one of the Chosokabe's former rivals; following the defeat of the Ichijo in 1575, Chikasada recieved the Hata district of Tosa but died the following year.
Son: Chikazane

KISO Yoshiyasu
Daimyô (Shinano)
Castle: Fukushima
Battles: Sezawa (1542), Fukushima (1554)
Notes: Yoshiyasu assisted a number of other Shinano warlords in their attempt to contain Takeda Shingen within Kai; when this coalition failed, Yoshiyasu continued to resist Shingen until he was forced to surrender his castle of Fukushima in 1554, at which point he became a Takeda vassal.

KISO Yoshimasa
Takeda retainer
Castle: Fukushima
Notes: Yoshimasa was the son of Kiso Yoshiyasu and a vassal of Takeda Shingen; he was married to Takeda Shingen's daughter but deserted the Takeda cause in 1582, leaving Katsuyori for Oda Nobunaga; he held off a Takeda army sent to bring him to submission, and provided the Oda with assistance in their invasion of Kai and Shinano soon afterwards.

Daimyô (Ise)
Castle: Anotsu
Notes: Tomomori fought with the Chigusa and Rokkaku before finding himself threatened by Oda Nobunaga in 1569; he was forced to both submit and accept Nobunaga's 2nd son (Nobuo) as heir; he died in 1576, quite possibly assasinated by his own retainers.

KITAJO Takahiro
Uesugi, Takeda, Takigawa retainer
Notes: Takahiro was a Kôzuke warlord who became a vassal of Uesugi Kenshin; he later supported Uesugi Kagetora in his feud with Uesugi Kagekatsu (1579) and afterwards left Uesugi service; he served Takeda Katsuyori and Takigawa Kazumasa (1582), then dropped out of sight; the Kitajo were related to the Môri of Aki through their common ancestor, Ôe Hirmoto.
Son: Kagehiro

Samurai family of Aki, Môri retainer family
Notes: The Kobayakawa were descended from Doi Sanehira, a notable figure in the Gempei War (1180-85); Sanehira's grandson (the adopted son of Doi Tôhira) Kagehira assumed the name Kobayakawa and lived in the Nuta area of Aki Province; by 1260 the Kobayakawa had split into three branches (Nuta, Shinjô, and Takehara) - by the mid-15th Century the Nuta and Shinjô branches had essentially reformed while being at increasing odds with the Takehara branch; by the mid-16th Century, the Nuta and Takehara had reconciled to the extent that they reformed under Kobayakawa Takakage, Môri Motonari's 3rd son; the Kobayakawa grew in influence due to Takakage's close realtionship with Toyotomi Hideyoshi.

Môri retainer, 3rd son of Môri Motonari
Battles: Miyajima (1555), Shiga (1564), Gassan - Toda (1565-66), Moji (1558, 1561), Matsuyama (1563), Torisaka (1568), Matsuyama (1575), Kozuki (1578), Takamatsu (1582), Shikoku Campaign (1585), Kyushu Campaign (1587), 1st Korean Campaign (1592-93)
Notes: Takakage was the 3rd son of Môri Motonari and was adopted into the Kobayakawa family in 1550; he became, along with his brother Kikkawa Motoharu, a pillar of the Môri house and fought bravely in numerous battles; he had a long-time correspondance with Toyotomi Hideyoshi, which may have assisted in the peace the Môri and Hideyoshi arrived at in 1582 following the fall of Takamatsu; Takakage played significant roles in the Shikoku and Kyushu Campaigns and was given Chikuzen province in 1587; he led a division of Kyushu troops to Korea in 1592 (numbering some 16,000 in total) and defeated a Chinese force at the Battle of Byôkchekwan near Pyongyang in 1593; he was harried by Korean guerillas in Chollado province somewhat later that year and was forced to retreat; in 1595 he was named one of the original Tairo (which numbered six prior to his death) by Hideyoshi, with whom he had become close friends; being childless, he adopted Hideyoshi's nephew Hideaki as his heir.
Son: Hideaki (Adopted)
Other names: Tokyujumaru (childhood)

1577 - 1602
Toyotomi retainer
Titles: Tamba Chûnagon
Battles: 2nd Korean Campaign (1597-98), Fushimi (1600), Sekigahara (1600)
Notes: Hideaki was the 5th son of Kinoshita Iesada; he was initially a ward of Kuroda Yoshitaka before being adopted by Kobayakawa Takakage; he was given the latter's 336,000-koku fief on Kyushu and was named the nominal commander of the 2nd Korean Campaign, with Kuroda acting as his advisor; he argued with Ishida Mitsunari during the course of the operation, with the latter accusing him of incompetance of command; as a result of the unsatisfactory results of the campaign, Hideaki was briefly deprived of his Kyushu holdings and was in their place given a 120,000 koku fief in Echizen (at kita no shô); just prior to Hideyoshi's death, Hideaki was restored to his domain in Kyushu (which included lands in Chikuzen, Chikugo, and Buzen); when sides were drawn between Ishida Mitsunari and Tokugawa Ieyasu in 1600, Hideaki initially departed to support the latter, but was waylaid and personally convinced to do otherwise by Ishida himself; Hideaki reluctantly contributed his troops to the reduction of Fushimi Castle, but sent word to Ieyasu assuring him that his loyalties in fact lay with the Tokugawa; during the Battle of Sekigahara (1600), where he commanded nearly 16,000 men, Hideaki betrayed Mitsunari after hours of inaction, decisivly tipping the battle in Ieyasu's favor; he assisted in the capture of Sawayama and after the campaign was awarded a 500,000-koku fief in Bizen and Mimasaka; he was not popular in the western provinces (where he was seen as a traitor) and died just two years later; his lands were at length absorbed into the Ikeda domain.

9th son of Môri Motonari
Battles: Kyushu Campaign (1587), 1st Korean Campaign (1592-93), Otsu (1600)
Notes: Hidekane was the 9th and last son of Môri Motonari (and one of seven to reach adulthood); he was adopted as child to Ota Hidetsuna and was later brought to Kyoto by Toyotomi Hideyoshi and allowed to use the name 'Toyotomi'; he served in the Kyushu Campaign and was afterwards given a large fief in Chikugo at Kurume; during the Sekigahara Campaign he commanded troops for the 'western army' and fought under Tachibaba Muneshige at Ôtsu Castle; after the battle he was deprived of his Chikugo holdings and was given a small fief in Nagato Province.
Other names: Toyotomi Hidekane, Môri Hidekane, Môri Hidetsutsu, Simon
Son: Motonobu

KOIDE Hideharu
1539 - 1604
Toyotomi retainer
Notes: Hideharu married the sister of Toyotomi Hideyoshi's wife and was awarded a 60,000-koku fief in Izumi; he supported Ishida Mitsunari during the Sekigahara Campaign but was too infirm to go to battle himself.
Son: Yoshimasa
Other names: Koide Masaharu, Kode Hideharu

KOIDE Yoshimasa
1565 - 1613
Toyotomi, Tokugawa retainer
Battles: Sekigahara (1600)
Notes: Yoshimasa was the son of Koide Hideharu and the nephew of Toyotomi Hideyoshi's wife; he was granted 53,000 koku worth of land in Tajima in 1595 following Hideyoshi's censure of a number of Totomi Hidetsugu's intimates; he led his men to serve Ishida Mitsunari at Sekigahara and but was afterwards confrimed in his Izumi fief.
Sons: Yoshihide, Yoshichika

Uesugi retainer
Battles: 4th Kawanakajima
Notes: Yatarô was a life-long retainer of Uesugi Kenshin and was noted for his bravery, and especially for an incident at Kawanakajima in which he was set upon by a dog while delivering a message to Takeda Shingen - he held the dog down while calmly delivering his message, then killed the animal before returning to the Uesugi camp; he was nicknamed Ôni Yatarô, or 'Devil Yatarô'.

Saito retainer
Battles: Nagaragawa (1557)
Notes: Genta, a retainer of Saito Yoshitatsu, took Saito Dosan's head in the course of the fighting at the Battle of Nagaragawa.

KONISHI Yukinaga
1560?-1600 (executed in Kyoto)
Ukita, Toyotomi retainer
Titles: Settsu no kami, Takumi no suke
Fief: Udo (Higo province, 240,000 koku)
Battles: Kyushu Campaign (1587), 1st Korean Campaign (1593-1594), 2nd Korean Campaign (1597-1598), Sekigahara (1600)
Notes: Yukinaga's background is unclear, but he first met Toyotomi Hideyoshi during the latter's Chugoku Campaign (1577-1582) while acting as a negotiator for the Ukita; Hideyoshi was impressed with Yukinaga and convinced him to join his own forces; following the Kyushu Campaign in 1587, Yukinaga was given half of Higo province; he was named one of the chief commanders of the 1st Korean Campaign (along with his rival Kato Kiyomasa), and led an army from Pusan as far as P'yongyang before being forced back by Chinese reinforcements and poor supplies; he favored peace in Korea and during the 2nd Campaign assisted in negotiations; following the death of Hideyoshi in 1598, Konishi gravitated into Ishida Mitsunari's camp, and supported him against Tokugawa Ieyasu; he led 4,000 men to the Battle of Sekigahara (1600), where his troops would see heavy fighting; following the defeat of the 'western' army, Yukinaga was captured and exectued in Kyoto along with Ishida Mitsunari and Ankokuji Ekei; he was a Christian and had therefore decided not to commit suicide following Sekigahara.
Other names: Dom Agostinho

KONO Michinobu
Daimyô (Iyo)
Son: Michinao

KONO Michinao
Daimyô (Iyo)

KOSAKA Masanobu
Takeda retainer
Titles: Danjô
Castle: Kaizu (Shinano)
Battles: 4th Kawanakajima (1561)
Notes: Masanobu, the son of a certain Kasuga Ôsumi no kami, served Takeda Shingen first as a page, and then as a general, guarding the northernmost reaches of the Takeda domain; during the Nagashino Campaign (1575) he was probing Uesugi Kenshin's defenses in northern Shinano and hastily marched south to protect Takeda Katsuyori's retreat when he learned of the latter's defeat; he is attributed with at least part of the preperation of the Koyo Gunkan, a record of the events surrounding the Takeda since the rise of Shingen.
Other names: Kasuga Danjô no suke, Kosaka Toratsuna, Gensuke

KOSAKA Masazumi
Takeda retainer
Battles: Nagashino (1575)
Notes: Masazumi helped screen Nagashino castle while the Battle of Nagashino was being fought to the west and was killed in the fighting.

KOSOKABE Chikayasu
Chosokabe retainer
Notes: Chikayasu was the third son of Chosokabe Kunichika and a younger brother of Chosokabe Motochika; he was adopted into the Kosokabe after the lord of that family, Hidemichi, was murdered; he went on to serve Motochika loyally throughout his career.

KUCHIBA Michiyoshi
Môri retainer
Battles: Miyajima (1555), Shiraga (1563), 2nd Gassan - Toda Campaign(1564-66)
Notes: Michiyoshi was one of Môri Motonari's chief retainers and served in many of his battles.

KÛKI Sadataka
Daimyô (Shima)
Notes: Sadataka was based in the Ago district of Shima and had a reputation as a pirate.
Son: Yoshitaka

KÛKI Yoshitaka
Daimyô (Shima), Oda, Toyotomi retainer
Castle: Toba (Ise provicne) (1582)
Battles: Nagashima (1574), 1st Kizugawaguchi (1576), 2nd Kizugawaguchi (1578), Kanie (1584), Shimoda (1590), 1st Korean Campaign (1592-93), 1597-98), Sekigahara Campaign (1600)
Notes: Yoshitaka gave his loyalty to Oda Nobunaga sometime around 1570, and lent his naval strength to the Oda at Nagashima in 1574; he was defeated attempting to blockade the Ishiyama Honganji in 1576 by the Môri admiral Murakami Takeyoshi; Nobunaga commisioned him to design warships capable of defeating the Môri and he produced six massive warships that he used to win the 2nd Battle of Kizugawaguchi; following Nobunaga's death in 1582, Kuki served Hideyoshi and was given Toba Castle in Ise; he fought in the Komaki Campaign (1584), assisting Takigawa Kazumasu with the capture of Kanie, one of Oda Nobuo's castles in Ise; he led ships during the Invasion of Kyushu (1587), and in 1590 joined the campaign to subdue the Hôjô and teamed with Chosokabe Motochika, Wakizaka Yasuharu, and Kato Yoshiaki in naval maneuvers along the Izu and Sagami coast, including the siege of Shimoda; he went on to command ships during the Invasions of Korea (1592-93, 97-98) and was defeated along with Kato Yoshiaki by the Korean admiral Yi Sun Shin at Angolpo (June 1592); in 1600 he decided to side with Ishida Mitsunari against Tokugawa Ieyasu, and when Ishida was defeated, Yoshitaka committed suicide.
Son: Moritaka

KÛKI Moritaka
Edo Daimyô
Battles: Sekigahara Campaign (1600), Osaka Winter (1614), Osaka Summer (1615)
Notes: Moritaka was the eldest son of Yoshitaka, and while the latter chose to support Ishida Mitsunari in 1600, Moritaka pragmatically went off to join Ieyasu, and as the result the Kûki were confirmed in Shima and had their income set at 46,000 koku; he later commanded ships during the 1614 and 1615 sieges of Osaka Castle.

Môri retainer
Battles: Gassan-Toda (1565-66)
Notes: Nobunao was a warrior locally powerful in N. Aki Province who allied with Môri Motonari in the 1540's and served in a number of his military endeavors, later rendering service to Môri Terumoto.

KUNOE Masazane
Daimyô (Mutsu)
Castle: Kunoe
Battles: Kunoe (1591)
Notes: Masazane refused to yield to Toyotomi Hideyoshi in 1590 and the following year his castle was taken by Gamô Ujisato, making him the last resistance to Hideyoshi's hegemony; the Kunoe were afterwards dispossesed.
Other names: Occasionally rendered as 'Kunohe'.

KURODA Mototaka
Odera retainer
Notes: Mototaka was originally from Bizen but entered the service of the Odera of Harima; he helped his son Yoshitaka convince the Odera to submit to Oda Nobunaga in 1577.
Son: Yoshitaka (Kanbei)

KURODA Yoshitaka
Odera, Toyotomi retainer
Titles: Kanbei
Battles: Himeji (1569), Hideyoshi's Chugoku Campaign (1579-1582), Yamazaki (1582), Shikoku Campaign (1585), Kyushu Campaign (1587), 2nd Korean Campaign (1597-98), Sekigahara Campaign (1600)
Notes: Yoshitaka began his career as a retainer of the Odera clan of Harima, and held Himeji Castle, which he defended against the Akamatsu in 1569; noting the rise of the Oda, Yoshitaka was quick to give his alliegance and in 1577 turned Himeji over to Toyotomi Hideyoshi, with whom he became a close compaion; he was sent as an emissary to the rebellious Araki Murashige in 1578, but was detained for the better part of a year and suffered a crippling injury when he escaped; following the Kyushu Campaign in 1587 he was given a 120,000 koku fief in Buzen, and during the 2nd Korean Campaign was assigned to act as chief advisor to the leader of the invasion force, the young Kobayakawa Hideaki; during the campaign, he was insulted by Ishida Mitsunari, and in 1600 he gave his support to Tokugawa Ieyasu; his son Nagamasa went to serve in Ieyasu's army while Yoshitaka scrounged together a force to fight on Kyushu; he managed to link hands with Kato Kiyomasa (who held considerable land in Higo) and together the two of them brought down a number of castles affiliated with the 'western' forces in Bungo and Chikuzen; after Sekigahara Yoshitaka essentially retired, though he used his political influence afterwards to arrange for the life of Otomo Yoshimune to be spared, and helped the Shimazu keep their domain; he was a Christian, having been baptized in 1585
Son: Nagamasa
Other names: Dom Simeão, Kuroda Jôsui

KURODA Nagamasa
1568 - 1623
Toyotomi, Tokugawa retainer
Titles: Kai no kami
Batles: Kyushu Campaign (1587), 1st Korean Campaign (1592-93), 2nd Korean Campaign (1597-98), Sekigahara (1600), Osaka Winter (1614), Oskawa Summer (1615)
Notes: Nagamasa was the son of Kuroda Yoshitaka and served Toyotomi Hideyoshi in his later campaigns, leading 6,000 men in the 1th Korean Campaign; he acted as a rearguard of sorts when the Japanese finally withdrew from Korea in 1598, holding the port of Pusan open until all his countrymen could embark; he was given a 120,000-koku fief at Nakatsu in Buzen Province; in 1600 he and his father sided with Tokugawa Ieyasu against Ishida Mitsunari - Nagamasa led 5,400 in the Tokugawa vanguard at Sekigahara and was afterwards praised for his efforts by Ieyasu; he was given a 520,000-koku fief in Chikuzen Province at Najima and built Fukuoka Castle; he contributed to the construction of Edo Castle, personally overseeing the building of the keep; he went on to serve in the Osaka Castle Campaigns; his son Uemon no suke Tadayuki assisted in the defeat of the Shimabara Rebellion (1638).
Son: Tadayuki

KURODA Hidetada
Nagao retainer
Battles: Niiyama (1551)
Notes: Hidetada supported Nagao Harukage in his civil war with his brother Kagetora (Uesugi Kenshin) and was killed when his castle of Niiyama was brought down by Takanashi Sadayori.

Kono, Chosokabe, Toyotomi retainer
Battles: Shikoku Campaign (1585), Kyushu Campaign (1587), 1st Korean Campaign (1592-93), 2nd Korean Campaign (1597-98)
Notes: Michifusa was the son of Kuroshima Michiyasu and served the Kono until their defeat at the hands of Chosokabe Motochika in 1580; when the Chosokabe were in the process of being defeated in turn by Toyotomi Hideyoshi in 1585, Michiyasu gave his allegiance to the latter; he was confirmed in a 12,000-koku fief in Iyo province (Kuroshima) and went on to serve as a naval commander for Hideyoshi; he was active in the Korean Campaigns and fought in a number of naval contests with the Korean Admiral Yi Sun Shin; he was defeated and killed by Yi in the Battle of Myongyang (1597).
Son: Michichika

KYÔGOKU Takayoshi
Daimyô (Ômi)
Notes: Takayoshi was a supporter of the Ashikaga shogunate and clashed with the Asai as the latter moved to expand their influence in Ômi; following the destruction of the Asai in 1573, Takayoshi joined Oda Nobunaga.

KYÔGOKU Takatsugu
Oda, Toyotomi retainer
Battles: Ôtsu (1600)
Notes: Takatsugu first served Oda Nobunaga, whose niece he married; following Nobunaga's death he sided with Shibata Katsuie and after the latter was defeated in 1583 fled to the estate of Takeda Motoaki (who was married to Takatsugu's sister); Motoaki was killed soon afterwards on Toyotomi Hideyoshi's orders, but Takatsugu was given a fief even as his sister was taken as a concubine to Hideyoshi at Osaka Castle; his income was raised from 2,500 koku to 10,000, 28,000, and finally 60,000-koku and Ôtsu Castle in Ômi Province; in 1600 he sided with Tokugawa Ieyasu and as a result was besieged by a 'western' army of 15,000 men; after a few days fighting he surrendered and fled to Mt. Kôya, though he was later granted a 92,000-koku fief in Wakasa Province at Obama.
Son: Tadataka


Oda, Toyotomi retainer
Titles:Mimbu-kyô Hôin (1585)
Notes: Gen-i was a Buddhist priest for Mt. Hiei who entered the service of the Oda sometime before 1570; he went on to serve Toyotomi Hideyoshi and was named his deputy for Kyoto in 1582 (essentially confirming duties Gen-i had held prior to Nobunaga's death); he recieved a 50,000 koku fief at Takamai in Tamba province and was tasked with laying the groundwork for Fushimi Castle in 1592; he was named one of the Five Bugyô (magistrates) by Hideyoshi before the latter's death; he was morally opposed to tokugawa Ieyasu but took no real partin the Sekigahara Campaign; Gen-i, whose sons are recorded as having been Christian, bore no relation to Maeda Toshiie.
Other names: Maeda Munehisa, Tokuzen-in

MAEDA Toshiharu
Oda retainer
Castle: Arako
Notes: Toshiharu was a minor Owari lord whose incomes were about 5,000 koku and who served the Oda; he retired around 1569, his lands going to his son Toshiie.
Son: Toshiie
Other names: Maeda Toshimasa

MAEDA Toshiie
Oda, Toyotomi retainer
Titles: Sakon'e no gon shôshô, Dainogon
Battles: Anegawa (1570), Nagashino (1575), Shizugatake Campaign (1583), Suemori (1584), Odawara Campaign (1590)
Notes: Toshiie was born in Arako Village in the Aichi District of Owari province and was the 4th son of Maeda Toshiharu; he entered Oda Nobunaga's service in 1551 as a page and eventually rose to be a commander of samurai; he fought at Anegawa and Nagashino, and was given a fief in Echizen in 1574 (Fuchû, 30,000 koku); he became known as one of the so-called Echizen Triumvir, and was eventually given Noto (1581); he initially supported Shibata Katsuie during the Shizugatake Camapgin but shifted his alleigance to Toyotomi Hideyoshi, and as a reward he had the province of Kaga added to his domain; he supported Hideyoshi again in the Komaki Campaign, and in October 1584 relieved Suemori, one of his castles which had been besieged by Sasa Narimasa; he served in the Odawara Campaign (1590) and then as part of Hideyoshi's headquarters staff on Kyushu during the Korean Campaigns (1592-93, 97-98); the Maeda fief was valued at roughly 445,000 koku by 1595, and Toshiie was named one of the five regents responsible for keeping the realm in order while Toyotomi Hideyori came of age; he was close to Hideyori but fell ill and died in 1599.
Sons: Toshinaga, Toshimasa (Takamasa), Toshitsune

MAEDA Toshinaga
Edo Daimyô (Etchu, Kaga, Noto)
Battles: Sekigahara Campaign (1600)
Notes: Toshinaga was the eldest son of Maeda Toshiie and following the death of the latter shared the Maeda domain (Etchu, Kaga, and Noto) with his brother Toshimasa; Hosokawa Tadaoki convinced Toshinaga to support Tokugawa Ieyasu in 1600, although Toshimasa opted to side with Ishida Mitsunari; during the Sekigahara Campaign Toshinaga assisted in the containment of Uesugi Kagekatsu while preventing his brother from making any real contribution to the 'western' cause as well as defeating Tanba Nagashige at Asai; afterwards Toshinaga recieved Toshimasa's lands; he was one of the fist (if not first) Daimyô to build a private mansion in Edo, a gesture quickly copied by other notables; he adopted his younger brother Toshitsune as heir and retired in 1605 to Toyama in Etchû Province.
Other names: Inuchiyo

MAEDA Toshimasa
Daimyô (Noto)
Battles: Sekigahara Campaign (1600)
Notes: Toshimasa was the second son of Maeda Toshiie and was given a 215,000 koku fief in Noto after his father's death; he supported Ishida Mitsunari during the Sekigahara Campaign and was afterwards forced to retire and hand his lands over to his elder brother Toshinaga.
Othr names: Maeda Takamasa

MAEDA Toshitsune
Edo Daimyô (Etchu, Kaga, Noto)
Battles: Osaka Winter (1614), Osaka Summer (1615)
Notes: Toshitsune was a son of Maeda Toshiie; he as adopted as heir by his elder brother Toshinaga and became Daimyô in 1614; he led men against Osaka Castle and fought at the Battle of Tennôji; the Maeda clan became and remained one of the most powerful Daimyô in Japan; he retired in 1639 and was succeded by his son Mitsumasa while placing his son Toshiharu in charge of the recently created Daishoji han and his 3rd son Toshistugi in Toyama.
Sons: Mitsumasa (1613-1645), Toshitsugi, Toshiharu (1618-1660)

MAENO Nagayasu
Oda, Toyotomi retainer
Titles: Suemon
Battles: Anegawa (1570), Chugoku Campaign (1577-1582), Shikoku Campaign (1585), Kyushu Campaign (1587), Odawara Campaign (1590)
Notes: Suemon breifly served Oda Nobunaga as a page, then entered the service of Oda Nobukiyo; following the fall of Inuyama Castle, Meano returned to Nobunaga's service and eventually became a retainer of Toyotomi Hideyoshi; he built Sunomata Castle and served in all of Hideyoshi's campaigns, being awarded land in Tajima; he was forced to commit suicide as a result of the Hidetsugu affair.

MAKARA Naotaka
Asakura retainer
Titles: Jûrôzaemon
Battles: Anegawa (1570)
Notes: Naotaka personally covered the retreat of the Asakura at Anegawa, enganing in hand-to-hand combat with the support of his son until he was cut down.
Son: Naomoto (Jûrôsaburô, d.1570)

MASHITA Nagamori
Toyotomi retainer
Titles: Uemon no jô
Fiefs: Koriyama (Yamato Province, 200,000 koku plus a 3,000 koku fief in Hitachi Province, 1595)
Notes: Nagamori served Toyotomi Hideyoshi in a largely adminstrative capacity, helping conduct land surveys in Ômi (1591), Awa (1593), and Hitachi (1595); in 1595 he was given the fief of Koriyama in Yamato Province with an income of 200,000 koku and was named one of Hideyoshi's Five Commisioners (san bugyô,) whose responsibilities were centered on the administration of Kyoto; he sided with Ishida Mitsunari during the Sekigahara Campaign (1600) and was appointed rusui (Lord Lieutenant) of Osaka Castle; after Mitsunari's defeat he was deprived of his Koriyama domain and ordered to pay heavy reperations; his son Moritsugu was one of the defenders of Osaka Castle (1614-1615) and as a result, Nagamori was made to commit suicide.
Son: Moritsugu

Daimyô family (Bizen)
Notes: The Matsuda's origins are obscure but by the end of the 15th Century they were a growing power in western Bizen province and clashed with the Akamatsu; they resisted the Akamatsu's efforts to subdue them and come to control Bizen's Asahi River valley; they competed with the Urakami and by 1568 had been reduced largely due to the efforts of Ukita Naoie; they afterwards seem to have devoted themselves to religious affairs, in particular Nichiren Buddhism.

Daimyô (Mikawa)
Castle: Anjô
Son: Kiyoyasu

Daimyô (Mikawa)
Castles: Anjô; Okazaki (1524)
Notes: Kiyoyasu moved to consolidate the position of the Matsudaira in Mikawa, capturing Okazaki in 1524; he was killed by Abe Yashichi stemming from a quarrel over whether or not to submit to the Imagawa.
Son: Hirotada

Daimyô (Mikawa)
Ruled: 1536-1549)
Castle: Okazaki (Mikawa)
Battles: Azukizaka (1542)
Notes: Hirotada allowed the Matsudaira to come under the influence of the Imagawa and fought with the Oda of Owari; he suffered the defection of a number of his kinsmen, and pressed by the oda was forced to send his son as a hostage to Sumpu-the child (the future Tokugawa Ieyasu) was intercetped en route by the Oda, and while he was recovered and the Oda defeated in battle with the help of the Imagawa, Hirotada died soon afterwards.
Son: Tokugawa Ieyasu

Uncle of Matsudaira Hirotada
Notes: Nobutaka rebelled against his nephew Hirotada in 1543 and went over to Oda Nobuhide; he was killed in a battle bewtween the Oda and Imagawa and Matsudaira.

Matsudaira retainer
Castle: Kamiwada
Notes: Tadamoto was a relative of Matsudaira Hirotada who was prompted to rebel following the latter's decison to submit to the Imagawa; he aligned himself with Oda Nobuhide but was killed when he attempted to force the surrender of Okazaki Castle by a certain Kakehi Shigetada.

Tokugawa retainer
Battles: Anegawa (1570), Mikagatahara (1573), Nagashino (1575), Komaki Campaign (1584), Fushimi (1600)
Notes: Ietada served Tokugawa Ieyasu and served in many of his battles, commanding part of the left wing at Mikagahara; in 1600 he was one of the defenders of Fushimi Castle under Torii Mototada, and died when that place fell to Ishida Mitsunari's generals.
Son: Ienobu (1569-1638)
Other names: Katahara Ietada


Tokugawa retainer
Battles: Osaka Winter (1614), Osaka Summer (1615)
Notes: Tadaaki was a son of Okudaira Nobumasa and thus a grandson of Tokugawa Ieyasu (through his mother); he was adopted by Ieyasu and given the name Matsudaira and a 50,000-koku fief in Ise Province at Kameyama in 1610; he was a notable commander in the Osaka Campaigns and was afterwards given Osaka (and a domain in Settsy and Kwatchi worth 100,000 koku), whose town he set about rebuilding; he was transferred to Kôriyama in Yamato Province (worth 120,000 koku) in August 1619; in 1639 he was relocated to Himeji in Harima and given a domain worth 180,000 koku.

Daimyô family of Hokkaido (Ezo Province)
Notes: The Matsumae were an offshoot of the Takeda and unified Hokkaido's Oshima Peninsula during the mid 16th Century; they later submitted to Toyotomi Hideyoshi and were confirmed in their holdings by Tokugawa Ieyasu.

MATSUMAE Yoshihiro
1550 - 1618
Daimyô of Ezo (Hokkaidô)
Battles: Kunoe (Kunohe,1591)
Notes:Matsumae Yoshihiro was the lord of the Sonogi area of Ezo Province (Hokkaido); he submitted to Hideyoshi in 1590; until the time of Yoshihiro, the Matsumae were known as the 'Kakizaki' clan - this would change in 1606, when Yoshihiro visited Kyoto as well as Osaka; he became known as 'Matsumae' Yoshihiro while showing a map of Matsumae, the town in Ezo where his clan was originally from, to a group of the late Hideyoshi's chief retainers at Osaka castle; Yoshihiro had many Ainu in his army, and were well known for thier special poisoned arrows, although it is not truly known how effective these arrows were in battle.
Other names:Kakizaki Yoshihiro

Miyoshi retainer, Daimyô (Yamato), Oda retainer
Titles: Danjô
Castle: Shigi (Yamato Province)
Battles: War with Miyoshi Masanaga (1549), Sakai (1566), Sakai (1568), Ishiyama Honganji (1573-77), Shigi (1577
Notes: Hisahide was a retainer of the noted Daimyô Miyoshi Chokei from a young age and assisted him in the defeat of Miyoshi Masanaga in 1549; he afterwards acted as Chokei's governor in Kyoto and was later tasked with the conquest of Yamato province, an endeavor that essentially made him an independant Daimyô; in 1567 he built Tamon Castle on Mikenjiyama and thus came to exert influence over the Nara area; he conspired to undermine Chokei, and is thought to have had a hand in the deaths of the latter's brothers; he nonetheless allied with Miyoshi Yoshitsugu following Chokei's death (1564) and sent his troops to help kill the shôgun, Yoshiteru (1565); he soon went to war with the Miyoshi, and became involved in a seesaw contest that was halted by Oda Nobunaga's march on the capital; Matsunaga made peace with Oda (offering him a particularly well-known tea item as a show of good faith) and assisted him in his wars with the Asai and Asakura and Miyoshi; he briefly strayed from Oda's camp in 1573, only to return and join the ongoing siege of the Ishiyama Honganji; he rebelled again in 1577 (possibly as a result of Uesugi Kenshin's moves to the north), but was quickly besieged in Shigi Castle by Oda Nobutada and Tsutsui Junkei; before killing himself, he smashed a famous tea item rather then allow it to fall into Oda's hands; a famous schemer and villin of many Edo Period works, Matsunaga was also a tea master of some note, which may explain Nobunaga's acceptance of him in 1568; he is particularly well-remembered for burning the Great Buddha Hall of the Todaiji (Nara province) during his war with the Miyoshi.
Son: Hisamichi
Other names: Matsunaga Sotai, Kojirô

Son of Matsunaga Hisahide
Battles: Ishiyama Honganji (1573-77)
Notes: Hisamichi joined his father in rebelling against Oda Nobunaga in 1577 but was captured and later executed in Kyoto.

Daimyô (Hizen)
Notes: Takanobu ruled Hirado Island and clashed with his neighbors the Sô (of Tsushima Island) and the Ômura (of the Sonogi area of Hizen) as he expanded Matsuura power; he was exceedingly opposed to the introduction of Christianity and went so far as to encourage attacks on Portuguese traders, including one (1561) in which a dozen were killed; though he relented in his anti-foreign stance to an extent after 1564, in 1565 Takanobu ordered ships to attack the western 'Great Ship' then anchored in the Ômura domain, which failed after another Portuguese ship ame to the Ship's aid; he retired in 1568 in favor of his son Shigenobu.
Sons: Shigenobu (H), Nobusane (Bungo no kami; d.1621)

MATSUURA Shigenobu
Daimyô (Hizen)
Battles: 1st Korean Campaign (1592-93), 2nd Korean Campaign (1597-98)
Notes: Shigenobu was the son of Matsuura Takanobu and ruled Hirado Island; he became Daimyô in 1568 and defeated his rivals the Sô (of Tsushima Island) in 1572; he briefly submitted to the authority of the Ryûzôji, then gave his support to Toyotomi Hideyoshi during the latter's Kyushu Campaign (1587); though he had offically retired in favor of his son Hisanobu in 1589, he led some 3,000 men to Korean under Konishi Yukinaga in the 1st Korean Campaign, and again in the 2nd Campaign, gaining fame for leading an attack at Namwön; as a result of his activties in 1587 and in Korea, the Matsuura domain was increased to include the Sonogi area in Hizen and Iki Island, for a total of 63,000 koku; he remained neutral during the Sekigahara Campaign but did not suffer the loss of any lands as a result; he came aboard the English ship Clove in 1613, an event recorded by John Saris; he was ultimately succeded by his grandson Takanobu.
Son: Hisanobu (H)
Other Names: Sosei Hôin

Daimyô (Hizen)
Notes: Hisanobu followed his father Shigenobu as Daimyô of Hirado and served in both Korean Campaigns; he died in 1602 and was succeded by his own son Takanobu (1591-1637).
Son: Takanobu (H)

MIBUCHI Harusada
Ashikaga retainer
Notes: Harusada was the member of an notable Ashikaga retainer house and served Ashikaga Yoshiteru.
Son: (Hosokawa) Fujitake
Other names: Hosokawa Harusada

MIMURA Motochika
Daimyô (Bingo)
Castle: Matsuyama
Battles: Matsuyama (1575)
Notes: Motochika was the son of Mimura Iechika, whose death in 1566 was suspected to have been arranged by his rival Ukita Hideie; Motochika later found himself assailed by both the Ukita and Môri and commited suicde after losing his castle to Kobayakawa Takakage in 1575; his grandfather Munechika had supported Hosokawa Takakuni.

MIYABE Tsugimasu
Asai retainer
Battles: Kyushu Campaign (1587)
Notes: Tsugimasu was originally a monk of the Enryakuji who accepted service with Asai Nagamasa and was given Miyabe Castle; he joined Toyotomi Hideyoshi following the destruction of the Asai; among his duties, he served Hideyoshi as an agricultural daikan and eventually recieved Tottori Castle in Inaba, which his son Nagafusa lost after supporting Ishida Mitsunari in the Sekigahara Campaign (1600).
Son: Nagafusa
Other names: Keijun

Noted swordsman, author of Gorin no shô
Battles: Sekigahara (1600)
Notes: Musashi was born in Harima province and may have served at Sekigahara (1600); he later went to Kyoto and soon made a name for himself as a swordsman, clashing with the Yoshioka school of swordsmanship; he claimed to have won 60 duels by the time he was 28, the first when he was 13; he entered the service of the Hosokawa in 1640 and in 1645 composed the Gorin no shô (the 'Book of Five Rings'); he is sometimes attributed with serving at Osaka Castle (on the losing side, 1614-1615) and at the suppresion of the Shimabara Rebellion (1638), though this is impossible to prove.

MIYOSHI Motonaga
Daimyô (Settsu)
Battles: Sakai (1532)
Notes: Motonaga was originally a retainer of the Hosokawa; in 1521 he completed work on the Miyoshi stronghold in Settsu at Saki, which he named the 'Mandokoro'; he acted on behalf of Hosokawa Harumoto and Ashikaga Yoshitsuna in their bid for power and lodged them in Saki; Motonaga and Harumoto soon grew hostile to one another, and in 1532, with the help of the Ishiyama Honganji, Harumoto suddenly attacked Motonaga at the Kenponji in Saki and forced him to commit suicide.
Sons: Nagayoshi, Yukitora, Kazunari, (Atagi) Fuyuyasu

MIYOSHI Nagayoshi
Daimyô (Settsu)
Battles: Sakai (1543), Sakai (1546), Eguchi (1548), Miyake (1549)
Titles: Shûri no daibu
Notes: Nagayoshi was the eldest son of Miyoshi Motonaga; following his father's death, he struggled with his uncle Masanaga for power; he led an army into Kyoto (1539) and made an alliance with the Miyoshi; he intially accepted the orders of Hosokawa Harumoto and Masanaga and was dispatched to defeat Hosokawa Ujitsuna; he drove Ujitsuna from Sakai (1543) and afterwards placed his brother (Sogo Kazunari) in charge of its administration; he was compelled to defend Sakai in 1546 against an advance by Hosokawa Ujitsuna and was succesful through political aid on the part of the Sakai city members and his brothers on Shikoku; in 1548 he turned on Masanaga and destroyed him with the assistance of Ujitsuna; soon afterwards he openly broke from Hosokawa Harumoto and besieged him in Miyake Castle (1549); he allowed Harumoto to live and later recaptured him (1558), with the latter going off into retirement; Nagayoshi extended Miyoshi power into the Yamato region after 1540 and allied with the Tsutsui; Nagayoshi relied on the support of his brothers and Matsunaga Hisahide, who is rumored to have done away with the those same brothers and Nagayoshi's only son Yoshioki (1564); the most powerful man in the Kinai between 1550 and his death, Nagayoshi actively played a role in Kyoto politics, at the expense of the shôgun, Ashikaga Yoshiteru, to whom Nagayoshi had acted as a self-proclaimed guardian; he was an avid poet and is remembered in part for his patronage of the famous renga composer, Satomura Jôha; he built the Nanshuji in Sakai in 1557, a notable temple later rebuilt (following its destruction in 1615) by Takuan.
Other names: Miyoshi Chokei, Miyoshi Norinaga
Son: Yoshitoki (d.1563)

MIYOSHI Yoshitsugu
Daimyô (Settsu, Awa)
Battles: Wakae (1573)

Notes: Yoshitsugu was the adopted son of Miyoshi Nagayoshi (Chokei) and became the head of the Miyoshi in 1564; he was initally allied to Matsunaga Hisahide, and together they ordered the death of Shôgun Ashikaga Yoshiteru in 1565, cooperating to nominate the young Ashikaga Yoshihide; soon afterwards the Miyoshi and Matsunaga began to argue, and they went to war; Yoshitsugu was powerful in Settsu Province, but steadily lost ground to Oda Nobunaga, who entered Kyoto in 1568; he fought against the Oda for the next five years, entering into a loose alliance with other enemies of the latter; he was finally surrounded at Wakae Castle in 1573 and commited suicide; Yoshitsugu established the Jukô-in in Kyoto in 1566, a temple that would later come to house the grave of Sen on Rikyu.

MIZUNO Tadamasa
Father-in-law to Matsudaira Hirotada
Castle: Kariya
Notes: Tadamasa's daughter was the wife of Matsudaira Hirotada, which made Tadamasa a grandfather to Tokugawa Ieyasu.
Son: Nobutomo

MIZUNO Nobutomo
Matsudaira retainer
Castle: Kariya
Notes: Nobutomo sided with Oda Nobuhide in 1543, but eventually rejoined the Matsudaira; in 1576 Oda Nobunaga charged that Nobutomo had sold rice to Akiyama Nobutomo (a rival Takeda general) during the previous year's seige of Iwamura - Tokugawa Ieyasu thus sent Hiraide Chikayoshi to kill him.

Takeda retainer
Battles: Nagashino (1575)
Notes: Nobumasa was a younger son of Takeda Nobushige and a nephew of Takeda Shingen; he was present at the Battle of Nagashino and was killed in the fighting.

MOGAMI Yoshimitsu
Daimyô (Dewa)
Castle: Yamagata
Notes: Yoshimitsu clashed with both the Uesugi and Date to expand the Mogami domain.
Son: Yoshiaki

MOGAMI Yoshiaki
Daimyô (Dewa)
Castle: Yamagata
Battles: Hataya (1600)
Notes: Yoshiaki's daughter (Komahime) was sent to become a concubine of Toyotomi Hidetsugu, but had just arrived in Kyoto when she was executed as part of Hideyoshi's destruction of Hidetsugu's family; Yoshiaki was said to have been enraged and saddened by the event, and nursed a grudge against the Toyotomi that saw him readily side with Tokugawa Ieyasu during the Sekigahara Campaign, where he assisted Date Masamune in contaning the activities of Uesugi Kagekatsu; afterwards the Mogami income was increased from 330,000 to 570,000 koku.
Other names: Mogami Yoshimitsu

Daimyô family of Buzen
Notes: The Moji were descended from Nakahara Chikayoshi, a bureaucratic official for Minamoto Yoritomo; they resided on the Moji Peninsula of Buzen province after the mid-13th Century and eventually served the Ôuchi; they became involved in a considerable amount of fighting in the early stages of the Sengoku Period due to their strategic location; one branch went on to serve the Sô family; the Moji were noted for their cultural accomplishments, especially in the field of tanka poetry.

MONIWA Yoshinao
Date retainer
Battles: Hitadori (1585)
Notes: Yoshinao was a long-time retainer of the Date; he was killed leading men under Date Masamune at Hitadori by Kobuta Jyuro; Kobuta was later captured by the Date but was spared by Yoshinao's son.
Son: Nobutomo (1549-1640)

Daimyô of Aki
Capital: Koriyama (Yoshida, Aki Province), Hiroshima (Aki Province, 1593)
Notes: The Môri were descended from Ôe Hiromoto (1148-1225), a noted Minamoto retainer, and lived in Koriyama Castle in Aki province from 1336 until Mori Terumoto moved to Hiroshima in 1593; he clan initally acted as jitô and experienced a power struggle in the 1470's that saw the main Mori line absorb both it's branch families in Aki; they supported the Ôuchi during the Ônin War, though often found themselves in between that clan and their rivals, the Amako; their power was much weakened after the Sekigahara Campaign (1600) but they remained a political force throughout the Edo Period.

MÔRI Toyomoto
Daimyô (Aki)
Castle: Koriyama
Battles: War with Hatakeyama (1461-62), War with Oûchi (1465)
Notes: Toyomoto was the son of Môri Hiromoto; from 1461-62, he defeated Hatakeyama Yoshinari's army in Kawachi and Kii; in 1465, he dispatched troops to help Kobayakawa Hirohira when Oûchi Masahiro invaded his holdings; in the fall of the same year, Oûchi made a move to intervene in the war between the Hosokawa and Kawano clans; Toyomoto took action at the request of the Hosokawa, and blocked the Oûchi; in 1471, taking advantage of the confusion generated by the Ônin War, Toyomoto shifted his allegiance to the Ôuchi and came to serve Ôuchi Masahiro.
Son: Hiromoto

MÔRI Hiromoto
Daimyô (Aki)
Rivals: Amako, Takeda
Notes:Hiromot was the eldest son of Môri Toyomoto; he received the character 'Hiro' from Ôuchi Masahiro; faced with an Amako attack, Hiromoto allied with Oûchi Yoshioki.
Sons: Okimoto (H), Motonari, Mototsuna

MÔRI Okimoto
1493 - 1516
Daimyô (Aki)
Ruled: 1506-1516
Castle: Sarukake
Notes: Okimoto was a vassal of Oûchi Yoshioki and assisted the latter in his efforts to install Ashikaga Yoshitane as shôgun; it is believed that his death in September 1516 was due to alcohol, possible liver failure or other alcohol-related illness.
Son: Kômatsumaru
Other names: Kôchiyomaru

MÔRI Motonari
Daimyô of Aki
Ruled: 1523-1555, 1563-1571
Titles: Mutsu no kami
Castle: Koriyama (Aki Province)
Battles: War with the Takeda (1516-1517), Kagamiyama (1522), Rebellion of Katsura Hirozumi (1524), Fujitake (1529), Koriyama (1540), 1st Gassan - Toda Campaign (1542-43), War with the Inoue (1550), Takiyama (1552), Kanayama (1554), Sakurao (1554), Oshikihata (1554), Miyajima (1555), Yamabuki (1556), Moji (1558), Shiraga (1563), 2nd Gassan - Toda Campaign(1564-66)
Notes: Motonari was a son of Môri Hiromoto and was born in May 1497 at Sarukake Castle; he acted as guardian to his nephew Kômatsumaru until the latter died in the 8th month of 1523, at which point Motonari was named the new Daimyô of the Môri clan; in 1521 Amako Tsunehisa invaded Aki and Motonari defected from the Oûchi camp to join him; Tsunehisa made him responsible for taking Kagamiyama, which he accomplished in 1522; he married daughter of Kikkawa Kunitsune in 1522; in 1529 he captured Fujitake Castle from the Takanashi; in 1540 Amako Haruhisa attacked Koriyama but Motonari held out long enough for the Oûchi to send Sue Harukata in relief; Motonari joined Oûchi Yoshikata's ultimately failed effort to capture Gassan - Toda in 1542; between 1540-1550, Motonari made a series of alliances with powerful Aki families (Kumagai, Murakami ) and eliminated possible threats (Inoue Motokane, for insatnce); in 1554 Motonari openly challaned Sue Harukata (who had overthrown Oûchi Yoshitaka in 1550); in 1555 he won a decisive victory at Miyajima that left Sue dead and the Môri in an extremly strong position; at some point after Miyajima Motonari offically retired in favor of his son Takamoto, though he was active in the clan's efforts to subdue the remaining Oûchi territories; Motonari attempted to expand into northern Kyushu, and clashed with the Ôtomo clan at Moji castle (Buzen province) a number of times starting in 1558; Motonari sent gifts to the capital on the occasion of the Emperor Ogimachi's enthronement in 1559 and in return recieved various titles for Takamoto and himself (including the title Mutsu no kami, as well as offical recognition as the lord of Aki, Nagato, and Suo; in 1563 the Môri turned against the Amako and began a campaign into Iwami and Izum; during 1563 Takamoto died suddenly, forcing Motonari out of semi-retirement; he directed the operation to capture Shiraga and by January of 1566 had forced the surrender of Gassan - Toda; Motonari passed on an expanive domain to his grandson Terumoto and died in 1571; in addition to having a reputation as a gifted and cunning strategist, Motonari was a poet and a patron of the arts.
Sons: Takamoto, (Kikkawa) Motoharu, (Kobayakawa) Takakage, (Hoida) Motokiyo (1551-1597), Motoaki (1552-1585), Mototomo (b.1555), Motoyasu (b.1560), Hidekane (1566-1601)
Other names: Shojumaru (childhood)

MÔRI Takamoto
Môri Daimyô and 1st son of Môri Motonari
Battles: Miyajima (1555), War with Otomo (1561)
Notes: Takamoto served as a hostage to the Oûchi clan in his youth and married an adopted daughter of Ôuchi Yoshitaka; he later became the Daimyô of the Môri after 1555 until his sudden death in 1563 while visiting the mansion of the Wachi family, which forced his father out of retirement; he was considered a man of culture and certain paintings by him survive.
Son: Terumoto

MÔRI Terumoto
Daimyô of Aki, Suo, Izumo, and Nagato
Castle: Koriyama, Hiroshima (Aki province) (1591)
Battles: War with Oda Nobunaga (1576-1582), 1st Korean Campaign (1592-93), Sekigahara Campaign (16000
Notes: Terumoto became the Daimyô of the Môri following the death of his granadfather Motonari in 1571 (his father, Takamoto, had died in 1563); he struggled with the Otomo and expanded Môri influence in the Chugoku region, supporting the Ishiyama Honganji in its battle with Oda Nobunaga; Terumoto's navy was defeated in 1578 at the 2nd Battle of Kizawaguchi and the Môri lands were threatened on land by Nobunaga's army (lead by Hashiba - Toyotomi - Hideyoshi); in 1582 Takamatsu Castle in Bitchu was surrounded by Hideyoshi's army and fell after being flooded; Terumoto readily signed a peace treaty offered by Hideyoshi, unaware that Oda Nobunaga had just been killed in Kyoto by Akechi Mitsuhide; after Hideyoshi assumed control of the former Oda lands, Terumoto honored their treaty, and sent his uncles (Kobayakawa Takakage and Kikkawa Motoharu) to assist in the subjugation of Shikoku (1585); Môri troops also served in Hideyoshi's drive to conquer Kyushu (1587); Terumoto himself led 30,000 men in the 1st Korean Campaign, though much of his time on the peninsula was spent fighting with Korean partisans; before Toyotomi Hideyoshi died in 1598, Terumoto was named one of the five regents tasked with acting as administrators until the young Toyotomi Hideyori could come of age; of the five (which also included Tokugawa Ieyasu, Ukita Hideie, Meada Toshiie, and Uesugi Kagekatsu) Terumoto ranked second in strength behind Tokugawa with an annual income of nearly 1.2 million koku; when sides were drawn between Tokugawa Iyasu and Ishida Mitsunari, Terumoto at first wished to join Tokugawa, but was convinced to do otherwise by Ankokuji Ekei; Terumoto was nominally appointed commander of the 'Western' forces, but argued with Ishida Mitsunari and in the end Môri troops played little part in the actual battle of Sekigahara in October 1600; he surrendered Osaka Castle to Ieyasu, and was allowed to return to Aki, though Ankokuji Ekei was executed; Terumoto saw his holdings reduced to 360,000 koku and was compelled to shave his head and become a monk.
Other names: Kotsumaru (Childhood name)

MÔRI Hidemoto
Môri retainer
Battles: Odawara Campaign (1590), Korean Campaigns (1592-93, 1597-98), Annotsu (1600), Sekigahara (1600)
Notes: Hidemoto was the eldest son of Môri Motokiyo and was Terumoto's cousin; before Sekigahara he governed Suo and Nagato; he led a force that brought down Annotsu Castle in the opening moves of the Sekigahara Campaign (1600); at the Battle of Sekigahara he personally commanded a 15,000 man unit postioned on Mt. Nangû and was willing to offer battle - Kikkawa Hiroie, however, positioned to his front, had decided not to challange the Tokugawa, and would not move; Hidemoto was unable to lend his weight to the Western army and retreated without fighting; his personal fief was later reduced by the Tokugawa to 50,000 koku.

Samurai family of Owari

MORI Yoshinari
Saitô, Oda retainer
Battles: Otsu (1570)
Notes: Yoshinari served the Saitô of Mino until around 1555; he was killed fighting the Asai and Asakura near Otsu in 1570.
Sons: Nagayoshi, Tadamasa, Ranmaru

MORI Nagayoshi
Oda, Toyotomi retainer
Battles: Oda Nobunaga's Invasion of Kai and Shinano (1582), Nagakute (1584)
Notes: Nagayoshi was the son of Mori Yoshinari and the son-in-law of Ikeda Nobuteru; he joined with the forces of the Ikeda during the Komaki Campaign; at the Battle of Nagkute, he was shot and killed in the opening minutes of the struggle.

MORI Ranmaru
Oda retainer
Battles: Honnoji (1582)
Notes: Ranamru was the son of Mori Yoshinari and a favored page of Oda Nobunaga; he died alongside Nobunaga at the Honnoji Temple in June 1582.

MORI Tadamasa
Toyotomi retainer
Notes: Tadamasa was a younger son of Mori Yoshinari and succeded his elder brother Nagayoshi after the latter's death in 1584; he was given special honors by Toyotomi Hideyoshi to increase his prestige in Mino, including use of the names Hashiba and Toyotomi; in 1603 he was transferred from Mino to Mimasaka, where he recieved Tsuyama and an income of 185,000 koku
Other names: Hashiba Tadamasa, Toyotomi Tadamasa

MOTOYAMA Shigetoki
Daimyô (Tosa)
Battles: Asakura (1562)
Notes: Shigetoki was the son of Motoyama Yasuaki; an erstwhile ally of the Chosokabe, he was defeated by Chosokabe Motochika near Asakura Castle in 1562; the Motoyama afterwards submitted to Motochika.
Son: Shigetatsu

MURAI Sadakatsu
Oda retainer
Titles: Tenka shoshidai (Governor of the Realm), Nagato no kami
Notes: Sadakatsu served Oda Nobunaga in a largely administrative capacity, being named the chief adminstrator of Kyoto in 1573.

MURAKAMI Yoshikiyo
Daimyô (Shinano), Uesugi retainer
Battles: Sezawa (1542), Uedahara (1548), Toishi (1550), 4th Kawanakajima (1561)
Notes: Yoshikiyo was one of the more powerful Shinano Daimyô, and banded with the Suwa, Ogasawara, and Kiso to slow the advance of the Takeda of Kai; defeated at Sezawa, Murakami managed to win a victory over Takeda Shingen at Uedahara in 1548, a battle in which the Murakami employed a number of Chinese-built arquebuses; Yoshikiyo was defeated at Toishi in 1550, and with Ogasawara Nagatoki and others appealed to Uesugi Kenshin of Echigo for assistance; Yoshikiyo was active in the battles around Kawanakajima and became one of Kenshin's most trusted generals.
Son: Kageyori


Ryûzôji retainer, Edo Daimyô
Castle: Saga (1587)
Battles: War with Ôtomo (1570), Okinawadate (1584), Kyushu Campaign (1587), 1st Korean Campaign (1592-93), 2nd Korean Campaign (1597-98), Sekigahara Campaign (1600)
Notes: Naoshige was one of Ryûzôji Takanobu's most talented generals, and fought in a number of battles for him against the Ôtomo, including a victory he engineered in 1570; he was present at the Battle of Okitanawate but was unable to prevent the rout that followed Takanobu's death; he drew away from the Ryûzôji in the next few years, and lent his support to Hideyoshi's campaign against the Shimazu (1587); afterwards he was given much of the old Ryûzôji territory and led 12,000 men to Korea in the 1st Korean Campaign; Naoshige sent his son Katsushige to serve Tokugawa Ieyasu during the Sekigahara Campaign, and recalled him when he indicated a desire to serve Ishida Mitsunari instead; his 357,000-koku fief was untouched by Ieyasu following the Tokugawa victory.
Son: Katsushige

NABESHIMA Katsushige
Edo Daimyô
Castle: Saga (Hizen province)
Titles: Shinano no Kami
Battles: Sekigahara Campaign (1600), Shimabara Rebellion (1637-38)
Notes: Katsushige was sent by his father Naoshige to serve Ieyasu in 1600 but was nearly talked into joining Ishida Mitsunari instead; he was recalled by his father as a result, and was able to inherit the Nabeshima's Saga fief; he served in the suppresion of the Shimabara rebellion in 1637; he was eventually succeded by his grandson Mitsushige (1632-1700), the son of Nabeshima Hizen no Kami Tadanao.
Sons: Tadashige, Tadanao

NAGAO Tamekage
Uesugi retainer
Battles: Ichiburi (1509), Nishihama (1509), Sendanno (1536)
Notes: Tamekage was nominally the Uesugi's governor for Echigo but clashed with his overlords in 1509; he became involved in a conflict with the ikko-ikki of Kaga and was defeated and killed at Sendanno (Etchû province) by Enami Kazuyori in 1536; he was succeded by his eldest son Harukage; his wife (the mother of Uesugi Kenshin) was known as Tora Gozen and lived in Kasugayama Castle until her death in 1568.
Sons: Harukage, Kageyasu, Kagefusa, Kagetora (Uesugi Kenshin)

NAGAO Harukage
Daimyô of Echigo
Notes: Harukage succeded his father Tamekage as the governor of Echigo; he became involved in a civil war with a number of Echigo warlords, who supported his younger brother Kagetora; following the defeat of his allies (including Nagao Masakage), Harukage was replaced by Kagetora in 1547; his fate is unclear, though he appears to have been made to adopt his younger brother Kagetora and died in 1553 of illness.

NAGAO Kagetora

Takeda retainer family

NAITÔ Masatoyo
Takeda general
Titles: Shuri no Suke
Battles: 4th Kawanakajima (1561), Minowa (1566), Mimasetoge (1569), Mikatagahara (1573), Nagashino (1575)
Notes: Masatoyo was one of Takeda Shingen's most reliable generals and fought in many of his battles; at Mikatagahara he led a charge into the Tokugawa ranks; he was at the forefront of the fighting at Nagashino (1575), and was shot many times by arrows before being beheaded by Asahina Yasukatsu.

Ôuchi retainer family
Notes: The Naito served the Ôuchi family until the latter's demise in 1557; they afterwards served the Môri into the Edo Period.

Oda retainer
Titles: Sebyôe no jô
Battles: Yamazaki (1582), Shizugatake (1583)
Notes: Kiyohide was a retainer of Oda Nobunaga under Araki Murashige and originally held Ibaragi in Settsu Province; in 1578 he joined with his neighbor Takayama Ukon in following Araki Murashige in rebellion against Nobunaga; both Kiyohide and Ukon were convinced to surrender their castles to the Oda and kept their holdings in the aftermath of the rebellion; Nakagawa joined Hideyoshi's army following the death of Nobunaga in 1582 and fought at the Battle of Yamazaki; he was afterwards assigned to hold Shizugatake Castle in N. Ômi Province, and was killed in 1583 under attack by Shibata general Sakuma Morimasa; like Ukon, Kiyoshide was a Christian, and it had been the prompting of the European missionaries that had led him to submit to Oda in 1578 and abandon Araki.
Sons: Hidemasa, Hidenari (1570-1612)

NAKAJÔ Fujikashi
Uesugi retainer
Titles: Echizen no Kami
Battles: 4th Kawanakajima (1561)

NANBU Nobunao
Daimyô (Mutsu)
Rivals: Kunoe, Tsugaru
Battles: Kunoe (1591)
Notes: Nobunao submitted to Toyotomi Hideyoshi in 1590 by sending (according to tradition) 100 horses and 50 hawks as tribute; he helped defeat Kunoe Masazane, the last independant Japanese Daimyô, in early 1591; he began work on Morioka Castle in 1597.
Son: Toshinao
Other names: Nanbu is often rendered as 'Nambu'.

NANBU Toshinao
Daimyô (Mutsu)
Castle: Morioka
Battles: Sekigahara Campaign (1600)
Notes: Toshinao supported Tokugawa Ieyasu during the Sekigahara Campaign, leading his men to aid Mogami Yoshiaki and Date Masumune against the forces of Uesugi Kagekatsu; after the campaign was concluded, Toshinao was confirmed in his 100,000 koku fief.

NAOE Kanetsuna
Uesugi retainer
Battles: 2nd Kawanakajima, 4th Kawanakajima (1561)
Notes: Kanetsugu served Uesugi Kenshin as a councillor and was present for many of his battles.
Other names: Naoe Sadatsuna

NAOE Kanetsugu
Uesugi retainer
Battles: Sekigahara Campaign (1600)

Toyotomi retainer
Titles: Ôkura Tayû
Battles: Odawara Campaign (1590), Sekigahara Campaign (1600)
Notes: Masaie was known for his skill as a quartermaster, first under Niwa Nagahide and thenToyotomi Hideyoshi; he was a key element in the logistical success of the effort ot bring down Odawara Castle in 1590 and recieved a 50,000-koku fief in Ômi Province at Minakuchi; in 1595 he was named one of the San Bugyô (Five Magistrates), responsible for the administrative tasks associated with Hideyoshi's rule; he sided with Ishida Mitsunari during the Sekigahara Campaign of 1600 and was involved in the siege of Anotsu and the Battle of Sekigahara itself, where his 1,500 men saw little action; he was afterwards besieged in Minakuchi by Ikeda Terumasa and commited suicide.
Other names: Nazuka Masaie

NATSUME Yoshinobu
Tokugawa retainer
Titles: Jirozaemon
Castle: Hamamatsu
Battles: Mikatagahara (1573)
Notes: Yoshinobu held Hamamatsu for Tokugawa Ieyasu and during the Battle of Mikatagahara gave his life so that his lord might escape the advancing Takeda army by rushing into their ranks pretending to be Ieyasu.

Daimyô of Iga
Notes: The Niki were founded in Mikawa by Ashikaga Sanekuni, the great-grandson of the first of the Ashikaga line, Yoshiyasu (d.1157); they supported Ashikaga Takauji in his bid for hegemony and were granted a domain in Kwatchi; they later assumed control of Iga, which they held tenuously into the early 16th Century.

NISHINA Morinobu
6th son of Takeda Shingen
Castle: Takato (Shinano)
Battles: Takato (1582)
Notes: Morinobu presented the only real resistance to Nobunaga's drive into the Takeda lands in 1582, and made a valiant stand at Takata Castle in Shinano against forces under Oda Nobutada before commiting suicide on the castle walls.

NIWA Nagahide
Oda retainer
Titles: Gorozaemon
Castles: Sawayama (Ômi Province), Obama (Wakasa Province)
Battles: Anegawa (1570), Nagashino (1575), Honganji Campaign (1570-1580), Tedorigawa (1577), 2nd Invasion of Iga (1581), Yamazaki (1582), Komaki Campaign (1584)
Notes: Nagahide was one of Oda Nobunaga's chief retainers and married to his niece; he was present at many of Nobunaga's battles and was named one of the administrators of Kyoto after Nobunaga entered that city in 1568; he was given the task of building Azuchi Castle for Nobunaga and for his efforts was awarded a 100,000-koku fief at Obama in Wakasa Province; after Nobunaga's death in June 1582 (the same year Niwa had been given the honor of riding at the head of Nobunaga's army in a parade in Kyoto), Nagahide may have burned Azuchi Castle to prevent it falling into Akechi Mitsuhide's hands; he hesitated in attacking Mitsuhide himself, but did join Hideyoshi's army in Osaka and took part in the Battle of Yamazaki; he was essentially neutral during Toyotomi Hideyoshi's war with Shibata Katsuie, but did support the former the next yeat, marching against Sassa Narimasa during the Komaki Campaign.
Son: Nagashige
Other names: Korezumi Gorozaemon (after 1575)

NIWA Nagashige
Toyotomi retainer
Battles: Sekigahara Campaign (1600)
Notes: Nagashige was a son of Niwa Nagahide; he was given a 100,000-koku fief at Komatsu in Kaga Province in 1598 but lost it due to his fighting with Maeda Toshinaga during the Sekigahara Campaign; he was given a 10,000-koku fief at Futto in Hitachi in 1619.

NUKUI Kagetake
Hatakeyama, Oda retainer
Notes: Kagetake was a chief retainer of the Noto branch of the Hatakeyama family; after the fall of the Hatakeyama at the hands of Uesugi Kenshin in 1577, Kagetake eventually came to serve Oda Nobunaga; he died suddenly and under suspicious circumstances in 1582.


OBATA Toranori
Takeda retainer
Titles: Yamashiro no kami
Battles: Uehara (1548)
Notes: Toramori was said to have been wounded no fewer then forty times over the course of career, which came to an end when he died of illness in June 1561.
Son: Masamori

OBATA Masamori
Takeda retainer
Titles: Bungo no kami
Battles: Mimasetoge (1569), Mikatagahara (1573), Nagashino (1575)
Notes: Masamori was the son of Obata Toranori and a noted general of Takeda Shingen; he was wounded at the Battle of Nagashino, and eventually died of illness.

OBATA Kagenori
Tokugawa retainer
Titles: Kanbei
Battles: Osaka Winter (1614)
Notes: Kagenori became a Tokugawa retainer following the fall of the Takeda and was made a page to Tokugawa Hidetada; he is reputed to have been sent to the Osaka garrison as a spy by the Tokugawa; Kagenori is attributed with writing at least part (if not most) of the Koyo Gunkan.

OBU Toramasa
Takeda retainer
Titles: Hyô Bushô Yû
Battles: Uchiyama (1548), 4th Kawanakajima (1561)
Notes: Toramasa was adopted into the Obu from the Iitomi; he first served Takeda Nobutora, then his son Shingen; he acted as a tutor to Shingen's eldest son Yoshinobu; though a general of some reknown, Toramasa was implicated in a plot along with Shingen's son Yoshinobu and was executed in Kofu; he was the elder brother of Yamagata Masakage.

Daimyô of Owari
Capital: Kiyosu/Iwakura (Owari Province), Gifu (Mino Province, 1567), Azuchi (Ômi Province, 1576)
Notes: The Oda were originally retainers of the Shiba shugo family (starting from around 1400) and when the latter fell in the early Sengoku Period, the Oda became lords of Owari; two rival factions of the Oda, based at Kiyosu and Iwakura, contended for decades, with the Kiyosu faction, eventually led by Oda Nobunaga, becoming dominant by 1555; the Oda rose rapidly with Nobunaga's drive for national hegemony but lost most of its prestige following his death; the Oda's roots are obscure and while Nobunaga claimed Taira descent but this was and is impossible to confirm.

ODA Nobuhide
Daimyô (Owari)
Castle: Kiyosu
Battles: Azukizaka (1542), Kanoguchi (1547), Anjo (1549)
Notes: Nobuhide was born the eldest son of Oda Nobusada, in Shobata in the Kaito District of Owari; he was a powerful figure within Owari province, though not a Daimyô in his own right - rather, he was one of the 'elders' of the Kiyosu branch of the Oda; he had a reputation as a leader and conducted numerous raids into Mikawa and Mino; he clashed with the Matsudaira of Mikawa and fought a series of contests with the Imagawa of Suruga and Tôtômi, highlighted by his victory at Azukizaka in 1542; he fought with Saitô Dôsan of Mino in 1547-48 and concluded a peace treaty that saw his son Nobunaga married to Dôsan's daughter; he died of illness in 1549 after capturing Anjo from the Matsudaira and was initally succeded by his eldest son Nobuhiro.
Sons: Nobuhiro, Nobunaga (H), Nobukane, Nobuyuki, Nobuharu, Nobuoki, Nagamasu

ODA Nobuhiro
1st son of Oda Nobuhide
Battles: Anjo (1549), Nagashima (1574)
Notes: Nobuhiro briefly succeded his father in 1549 but found himself surrounded by the Imagawa at the recently taken fort of Anjo in Mikawa - he was saved by a deal arranged by his brother Nobunaga that saw the infant Tokugawa Ieyasu (then a hostage of the Oda) being handed over to Imagawa; over the next two years his position in the Oda, already weak due to his being considered an illegitimate son of Nobuhide, was underminded by Nobunaga and the Oda retainers, and he was at length replaced by Nobunaga; he went on to serve his younger brother until 1574, when he was killed fighting the Nagashima monto

ODA Nobunaga
Daimyô of Owari, one of the 'Three Unifiers'
Castles: Kiyosu, Komaki (1563), Gifu (1568), Azuchi (1579)
Battles: Terabe (1558), Iwakura (1559), Okehazama (1560), Moribe (1561), Inabayama (1567), Mizukuri (1568), Ikeda (1569), Ibaraki (1569), Okawachi (1569), Anegawa (1570), Enryakuji (1571), Seige of Ishiyama Honganji (1570-80), Nagashima (1574), Nagashino (1575), Suppresion of Kaga monto (1576), Tedorigawa (1577), Rebellion of Araki Murashige (1578-79), Honnôji (1582)
Nobunaga was the 2nd son and fith child of Oda Nobuhide; he became the leader of the Kiyosu branch of the Oda following the death of Oda Nobuhide in 1549 and partially due to the fact that his elder brother Nobuhiro was considered illegitamate; he struggled with the Iwakura branch of the Oda and unified the Oda family by 1559, though his own younger brother Nobuyuki conspired against him in 1557; he clashed with the Imagawa of Suruga and Tôtômi and was defeated at Terabe by the young Matsudaira Motoyasu (the future Tokugawa Ieyasu and a vassal of the Imagawa); in 1560 Imagawa Yoshimoto marched into Owari at the head of a powerful army but was defeated and killed at Okehazama in a surprise attack by the Oda; following this great upset, Nobunaga made peace with the Matsudaira and in 1565 made alliances with the Takeda and Asai; his father-in-law, Saito Dosan of Mino, had been overthrown in 1557, and in the years since Nobunaga had been at war with Saito Yoshitatsu; Yoshitatsu died in 1561 and that same year Nobunaga won a victory at Moribe; he made Komaki Castle his capital in 1563 and used this as a staging area for his raids into Mino; in 1567 he took Inabayama from Saito Tatsuoki and the following year moved his headquarters from Komaki to Gifu; he championed the cause of Ashikaga Yoshiaki and marched on Kyoto, which he took easily from Matsunaga Hisahide and Miyoshi Yoshitsugu in November 1568; Yoshiaki was established as shogun but Nobunaga was unquestionably the ruling power in Kyoto, prompting resentment from Yoshiaki and increasing controversy; in 1569 Nobunaga expanded his foothold in Settsu by capturing the castles towns of Ikeda, Takatsuki, and Ibaraki, in the process bring Sakai under his sway; while expanding his power base, Nobunaga took steps to win the goodwill of the people of the region around the capital, in particular, he abolished the many toll booths that had sprung up along the region's roadways; he went to war with Asakura Yoshikage after the latter refused to recognize his power, and in the course of the campaign into Echizne was betryaed by Asai Nagamasa; in June 1570 Nobunaga and his ally Tokugawa Ieyasu defeated the Asai and Asakura at the strategically indecisive battle of Anegawa; he found himself confronted by a host of enemies, and of these the most formidable (aside from the Takeda clan, whom Oda would come to odds with by 1571) were the warrior monks of the Ishiyama Honganji fortress, which required no less then ten years for Nobunaga to reduce; in 1571 he eliminated the Enryakuji on Mt. Hieie, a highly controversial action; in 1572 he sent troops to assist Tokugawa Ieyasu against the advances of Takeda Shingen while engaging in a war of words with the latter; he finally destroyed both the Asai and Asakura in 1573, and in that same year forced Ashikaga Yoshiaki from office, ending the Ashikaga bakufu; he crushed the Nagashima monto in 1574, and moved to put down a ikko rebellion in Echizen; with these threats reduced, he was able to turn his attentions to the Takeda clan, which was now led by Takeda Katsuyori; on 28 June 1575 Nobunaga and Tokugawa won the Battle of Nagashino, which featured the extensive use of firearms (not the first example of volley-fire as the battle is often depicted, but the first decisive use of that tactic) and greatly reduced the power of the Takeda; Nobunaga now moved to bring down the Honganji but following a series of bloody and fruitless attacks resorted toa siege; the Môri entered the fray on the side of the Honganji and broke Nobunaga's naval blockade in 1576, prompting him to send Hashiba (Toyotomi) Hideyoshi and Akechi Mitsuhide on a march into the Chugoku region the following year; The Môri navy was defeated in 1578 and the blockade restored, forcing the Honganji to finally surrender in 1580; Nobunaga was unusually generous to the defenders, and there was no wholesale slaughter attending the event (as there had been at Nagashima and in Echizen); while Hideyoshi pressed the war against the Môri and Shibata Katsuie worked to expand Oda influence deper into the Hokuriku, Nobunaga spent much of his time in the Kyoto area, though he briefly joined Shibata's campaign in 1577 (losing the Battle of Tedorigawa to Uesugi Kenshin); he built his expansive Azuchi Castle in 1576 and made this his capital in 1578 after declaring its market's duty-free to induce trade; he worked to cement Oda control over the land already taken through land surveys and civil legislation; he shuffled his retainers around to prevent them from becoming overly powerful in one area, and dismissed those who either proved incompetant or had outlived their usefullness; he conspicuously side-stepped efforts by the court to provide him with titles and ranks, though he accepted a number of titles (including Daijô daijin) in 1578, only to resign from them a few months later; he ordered land surveys in Yamato and Harima in 1580, the same year that Shibata Katsuie finally broke the power of the Kaga Ikko; he authorized the inavsion of Iga province in 1581, and the following year led his greatest campaign-the invasion of the Takeda lands; as a result he added Kai, Shinano, and Kôzuke to the Oda domain and alloted Suruga to Tokugawa Ieyasu; he returned to Kyoto and was in the process of preparing to join the Chugoku Campaign when Akechi Mistuhide suddenly rose up and destroyed him at the Honno Temple in Kyoto, aburptly terminating the Oda clan's bid for national hegemony; in addition to his military skills, Nobunaga was also known as a tea aficionado and a collector of rare objects; he humored the Christian missionaries and met with Luis Frois on a number of occasions (starting in June 1569); he was known for a imperious attitude (especially with his own generals) and was considered to be something of a megalomaniac by western observers though this may have been exaggerated.
Sons: Nobutada, Nobuo, Nobutaka, Hidekatsu, Katsunaga, Nobusada
Other names: Kippôshi (childhood name), Taira no Anson, Fujiwara Nobunaga, Oda Sansuke Nobunaga

ODA Nobuyuki
Brother of Oda Nobunaga
Castle: Suemori
Notes: Nobuyuki conspired against his brother Nobunaga with the Hayashi and Shibata families; while Hayashi and Shibata were spared, Nobuyuki's Suemori castle was reduced and he was killed.

ODA Nobumasu
Brother of Oda Nobunaga
Titles:Gengo jijû
Battles: Osaka Winter (1614), Osaka Summer (1615)
Notes: Nobumasu was a well-known tea-master who entered the service of Hideyoshi following Nobunaga's death; he later supported Tokugawa ieyasu during the Sekigahara Campaign (1600) but joined the defenders of Osaka Castle in 1614, though he survived the seige and retired from active life.
Son: Yorinaga, Nagamasa, Hisanaga
Other names: Oda Yuraku, Oda Yurakusai, Oda Nagamasu

ODA Nobuharu
Brother of Oda Nobunaga
Battles: Ôtsu (1570)
Notes: Nobuharu was killed alongside Mori Yoshinari in battle with the Asai and Asakura near Ôtsu in 1570.

ODA Nobutada
1st son of Oda Nobunaga
Titles:Jô no suke
Battles: Nagashino (1575), Shigizan (1577), Iwamura (1575), Takato (1582)
Notes: Nobutada fought in many of his father's campaigns once he had come of age, and by 1575 was trusted to lead on his own; he was responsible for bringing down the Takeda's Iwamura Castle in 1575 in a two-part siege; he joined Tsutsui Junkei in forcing Matsunaga Hisahide to commit suicide in 1577 at Shigizan, and the following year briefly joined Hideyoshi's Chugoku campaign; he led an army into Shinano as part of the invasion of the Takeda lands and besieged Takato Castle; he was in Kyoto when Akechi Mitsuhide rose against his father and killed him at the Honnoji; Nobutada was surrounded at Nijô Castle and commited suicide.
Son: Hidenobu (Sambôshi)

ODA Nobuo
2nd son of Oda Nobunaga
Titles: Chûjô
Battles: 1st Iga Invasion (1579), 2nd Iga Invasion (1581), Komaki Campaign (1584), Odawara Campaign (1590)
Notes: Nobuo was adopted into the Kitabatake family following the submission of that family to the Oda in 1569 and assumed leadership in 1576; he ordered the 1st (unsuccessful) Invasion of Iga in 1579 and led around 10,000 men in the 2nd Invasion; Nobunaga had intended to send him against Shikoku (as a surviving letter indicates) but was killed before this could occur (1582); following the Kiyosu Conference, Nobuo recieved much of Owari as well as Ise; his claim to his father's position was supported in 1584 by Tokugawa Ieyasu and as a result the Komaki Campaign was conducted, for the most part in Owari; Nobuo felt compelled to make a seperate peace with Hideyoshi by the end of the year and as a result was allowed to retain some of his lands in Owari and went on to lead troops under Hideyoshi's standard during the 1590 Odawara Campaign.
Sons: Hideo, Takanaga
Other names: Kitabatake Nobuo, Oda Nobukatsu

ODA Nobutaka
3rd son of Oda Nobunaga
Castle: Gifu
Battles: Yamazaki (1582), Shizugatake Campaign (1583)
Notes: Nobutaka was adopted into the Kambe family of Ise; after the death of his father he joined Hideyoshi's army and at the Battle of Yamazaki helped defeat Akechi Mitsuhide; he was supported as heir to the Oda house by Shibata Katsuie and defied a request by Hideyoshi to release Sambôshi (the late Oda Nobutada's son) into his custody; afterwards he plotted with Katsuie against Hideyoshi but jumped the gun by raisng his banners at Gifu before the Shibata were in a positon to help him; faced with Hideyoshi's army, he submitted, only to rebel the following Spring; he was briefly besieged at Gifu, the commited suicide when he leanred that Shibata Katsuie had taken his own life following the Battle of Shizugatake.

ODA Hidekatsu
4th son of Oda Nobunaga, adopted son of Toyotomi Hideyoshi
Battles:Kyushu Campaign (1587), Odawara Campaign (1590), 1st Korean Campaign (1592-93)
Notes: Hidekatsu was adopted by Hideyoshi and thus became one of two 'Hashiba' Hidekatsu's.
Other names: Hashiba Hidekatsu

ODA Katsunaga
5th son of Oda Nobunaga
Notes: Katsunaga died alongside his father at the Honnôji in Kyoto in 1582.

ODA Hidenobu
1st son of Oda Nobutada
Castle: Gifu (Mino province)
Battles: Gifu (1600)
Notes: Hidenobu was an infant when his father and grandfather were killed by the forces of Akechi Mitsuhide in 1582; he was forwarded as a successor to Nobunaga by Toyotomi Hideyoshi, but only for immediate political gain; Hidenobu was given Gifu when he came of age, and sided with Ishida Mitsunari during the Sekigahara Campaign (1600); his castle was stormed by Ikeda Terumasa and Fukushima Masanori, and although he was a Christian he shaved his head and became a monk; he died at Mt. Koya.
Other names: Oda Sambôshi, Paul

ODA Ujiharu
D. 1579
Daimyô (Hitachi)
Castles: Oda, Kidamari
Battles: Mifunedai (1567)
Notes:Oda Ujiharu held Oda castle in Hitachi as a regional power, sandwiched between the Satake to the east and the Hôjô to the west, and was in a constant state of battle with both; in 1572, when Uesugi Kenshin allied with the Satake, Ujiharu, who had been at war with the Satake, broke with Kenshin, and allied with the Hôjô; he died in Echizen in 1579; he was known for his love of Renga and was no relation to the Oda of Owari.
Other names: Oda Ten'an

Samurai family of Shinano
The Ogasawara were descended from the Seiwa-Genji/Minamoto and was founded by Ogasawara Nagakiyo (1162-1242), a grandson of Takeda Yoshikiyo who served Minamoto Yoritomo during the Gempei War (1180-85); the Ogasawara later served Ashikaga Takauji and were given land in Shinano Province; in the early stage of the Sengoku Period, the Ogasawara, lords of Fukashi, split, with one son going to serve the Imagawa while the other remained at Fukashi; the Fukashi Ogasawara were later defeated by Takeda Shingen on a number of occasions, fleeing to the lands of the Uesugi for sanctuary; the other branch eventually became (largely) loyal Tokugawa retainers.

Daimyô (Shinano)
Castle: Fukashi
Titles: Sama no Suke, Daizen-dayu
Battles: Sezawa (1542), Shiojiritoge (1548), Fukashi (1550)
Notes: Nagatoki was the ruler of the Fuskahi area of north-central Shinano and allied with other Shinano Daimyô in an effort to stop the expansion of the Takeda; he was defeated along with Murakami, Suwa, and Kiso at Sezawa, and lost the Battle of Shiojiritoge after a night attack by Takeda Shingen; when he lost Fukashi (Matsumoto) to the Takeda in 1550, Nagatoki sought refuge (along with Murakami Yoshikiyo) in Echigo; while Murakami continued to fight the Takeda, Nagatoki retired to teach archery and horsemanship; he was murdered many years later.
Sons: Sadayoshi, Nagataka, Sadatsugu

Uesugi, Tokugawa, Toyotomi retainer
Tiltes: Ukon-daiyu
Notes: Sadayoshi was originally a retainer of Uesugi Kenshin who eventually joined Tokugawa Ieyasu; following the Komaki Campaign (1584) he defected to Toyotomi Hideyoshi.
Son: Hidemasa, Sadayori

Imagawa retainer
Titles: Sakyo-daiyu
Castle: Takatenjin
Notes: Nagauji was the son of Ogasawara Nagataka; he served the Imagawa and was given Takatenjin Castle after he defeated Fukushima Masanari and thereby established the Takatenjin branch of the Ogasawara; he married a daughter of Imagawa Ujichika.
Sons: Ujikiyo, Yoshiyori, Kiyohiro,Tsunauji
Other names: Ogasawara Nagauji, Ogasawara Okihachiro

Imagawa retainer
Titles: Mimasaka no kami, Sakyô no shin
Notes: Ujikiyo was the eldest son of Ogasawara Haruyoshi and served the Imagawa, with control of Mabusezaka and Takatenjin castles; when the Tokugawa and Imagawa went to war after 1568, he sided with Tokugawa.

Titles: Sakyû no Shin
Battles: Anegawa (1570)
Notes: Yoshiyori was a son of Ogasawara Haruyoshi and served the Tokugawa.
Sons: Yoshiharu, Ujinobu, Shigetsugu
Other names: Ogasawara Yohachiro

Tokugawa retainer
Battles: Anegawa (1570), Takatenjin (1574)
Notes: Ujisuke was the eldest son of Ogasawara Ujikiyo and inherited his domains in 1569; he initially served the Tokugawa and fought at the Battle of Anegawa; in 1574 he was besieged in Takatenjin Castle by Takeda Katsuyori, and to the shock of his family (serving elsewhere in the Tokugawa domain) he surrendered, afterwards being given a fief at Omosu in Suruga Province; after the fall of the Takeda he fled to the Hôjô domain; he was assasinated after the fall of the Hôjô in 1590.
Other names: Ogasawara Okahachiro

Tokugawa retainer
Battles: Mikatagahara (1573)
Notes: Tomotaka was the eldest son of Ogasawara Tomosada and died in the Battle of Mikatagahara.

OI Sadataka
Daimyô (Shinano)
Castle: Nagakubo
Battles: Nagakubo (1543)
Notes: Sadataka initially submitted to Takeda Shingen of Kai, then defected to Murakami Yoshikiyo in 1543; Shingen brought down his castle of Nagakubo and later had him executed in Kai.

OKUBO Tadayo
Tokugawa retainer
Castles: Okazaki (1585), Odawara (1590)
Battles: Anegawa (1570), Mikatagahara (1573), Nagashino (1575), Takatenjin (1579), Ueda (1585), Odawara Campaign (1590)
Notes: Tadayo was the son of Okubo Tadakazu and served Tokugawa Ieyasu as a general and an advisor; he played a notable role in the Battle of Mikatagahara, leading a night raid with Amano Yasukaga against the Takeda positions; he occupied an exposed position at nagshino and took heavy losses fighting with Takeda men under Yamagata Masakage; he was one of the commanders in Ieyasu's failed endeavor to chastise Sanada Masayuki in 1585 and that same year was tasked with holding Okazaki Castle (Mikawa Province) following the defection of Ishikawa Kazumasa to the Toyotomi; in 1590 he was given Odawara Castle in Sagami with an income of 45,000 koku.
Son: Tadachika, (Ishikawa) Tadafusa (1572-1650)

OKUBO Tadasuke
Tokugawa retainer
Battles: Mikatagahara (1573), Nagashino (1575)
Notes: Tadasuke was a younger brother of Okubo Tadayo.

OKUBO Tadachika
Tokugawa retainer
Titles: Sagami no kami
Castle: Odawara (1593)
Battles: Anegawa (1570), Mikatagahara (1573), Komaki Campaign (1584)
Notes: Tadachika was the son of Okubo Tadayo and served Tokugawa Ieyasu; he fought at Anegawa, Mikatagahara, and the Komaki Campaign, serving as the commnader of Ieyasu's bodyguard in the last; he inherited Odawara from his late father in 1593, and by 1603 was an important councillor for the Tokugawa house; he later fell out fo favor, incuring the suspicion of Ieyasu and shôgun Tokugawa Hidetada, a situation worsened by a feud between Tadachika and Honda Masanobu; Tadachika was at length censored by the Tokugawa and while he was dispatched on an anti-Christian misson lost his lands in February 1614; his grandson Tadatomo was given back Odawara in 1687.
Son: Tadatsune

OKUBO Nagayasu
Takeda, Tokugawa retainer
Titles: Iwami no kami
Notes: Nagayasu was the son of a sarugaku player for the Takeda clan and himself a minor administrator for the Takeda who was adopted by Okubo Tadachika (from whom he adopted his surname) and became the commissioner of mines for Tokugawa Ieyasu after 1590; in this role he proved most useful to Ieyasu, though he was suspected of fraudulant activities; he was given a 30,000-koku fief at Hachijo (Musashi Province) and in 1606 was made daikan of Izu, handling tax collection and finances in general for that province; such was his importance, he was nicknamed Tenka no Sôdaikan, or 'Great Administrator of the Realm'; he became involved in a bitter feud with Honda Masazumi that worsened the fortunes of the Okubo in general; after his death in April 1613, Nagayasu's illegal activities came to light and his family was harshly punished.
Other names: Chôan

OKUDAIRA Sadayoshi
Tokugawa retainer
Battles: Anegawa (1570)
Notes: Sadayoshi was a retainer of Tokugawa Ieyasu and held Tsukude Castle in Mikawa Province; he was forced to join Takeda Shingen along with his son Sadamasa, but following Shingen's death returned to the Tokugawa.
Son: Sadamasa

Tokugawa retainer
Battles: Anegawa (1570), Nagashino (1575)
Notes: Sadamasa was the son of Okudaira Sadayoshi; he served Tokugawa Ieyasu and took two heads at the Battle of Anegawa; he was briefly forced to join Takeda Shingen around 1572 but following Shingen's death returned to the Tokugawa, abandoning Tsukude Castle; as a result of his turn-coating, Takeda Katsuyori ordered Sadamasa's family siezed and crucified; he held Nagashino Castle for the Tokugawa in 1575, and resisted the Takeda attempts to bring it down in June of that year, a campaign that culminated in the Battle of Nagashino; he later married Tokugawa Ieyasu's daughter and in 1590 was given a 30,000-koku fief at Miyazaki in Kôzuke Province; his daughter married Okubo Tadatsune.
Son: Iemasa (1577-1614)
Other names: Okudaira Nobumasa

OKUMA Tomohide
Nagao, Takeda retainer
Notes: Tomohide served Nagao Kagetora (Uesugi Kenshin) in the latter's efforts to take control of Echigo from his elder brother Harukage; he became a noted Nagao retainer but rebelled in 1556; he escaped Echigo and took up service with Takeda Shingen.
Sons: Nagahide

OMURA Sumisaki
Daimyô (Hizen)
Castle: Aonogi
Sons: (Goto) Takaaki, (Arima) Sumitada (H, Adopted)

OMURA Sumitada
Daimyô (Hizen)
Castle: Aonogi
Battles: Aonogi (1566), War with Saigo Sumitaka (1572-74), War with Ryûzoji (1577-78)
Notes: Sumitada was the son of Arima Haruzumi and was adopted by Omura Sumisaki; he suffered a series of rebellions among his kinsmen (including Goto Takaaki and Saigo Sumitaka) and the advances of outside lords, prompting him to seek the assistance of the Portuguese; he fought on a number of occasions with Goto Takaaki and Saigo Sumitakain 1562 he had already become the first Daimyô to be baptized - in 1580 he offically ceded the port of Nagasaki to the foreignors; he submitted to the Ryûzoji the same year, but was not present at the Battle of Okinawadate, where Ryûzoji Takanobu was killed (1584).
Son: Yoshiaki
Other names: Arima Sumitada, Dom Bartolomeu

OMURA Yoshiaki
Daimyô (HIzen)
Battles: 1st Korean Campaign (1592-93)
Notes: Yoshiaki elected to remain neutral during the Sekigahara Campaign and was ordered to reite as a result in favor of his son Suminobu.
Son: Suminobu
Other names: Dom Sancho

ONO Harunaga
Toyotomi retainer
Battles: Osaka Winter (1614), Osaka Summer (1615)
Notes: Harunaga was one of the noted defender of Osaka Castle during the two campaigns there in 1614 and 1615; he was killed during the climactic Battle of Tennôji in June 1615.

ONO Tadaaki
Tokugawa retainer
Battles: Ueda (1600)
Notes: Tadaaki was a noted swordsman and instructor who was given the rank of karita bugyô (or, Commisoner for rice fields) during the Tokugawa attack on Ueda in 1600; during the siege he fought and killed a defender of the Sanada garrison in single combat, an action for which he was reprimanded.
Other names: Mikogami Tenzen

ONODERA Yoshimichi
Daimyô (Ogachi district of Dewa)
Castle: Ômori
Battles: Ômori (1599), Sekigahara Campaign (1600)
Notes: Yoshimichi, a minor daimyô of Dewa, was a long time rival of the Mogami; he resisted attempts by Ôtani Yoshitsugu to conduct land surveys in his domain and as a result was besieged at Ômori in 1599, holding out until winter forced Ôtani to retreat; during the Sekigahara Campaign he lent his support to Uesugi Kagekatsu and was afterwards deprived of his lands and exiled to the Chugoku region (1601).
Other names: Onoji Yoshimichi

ÔTA Gyûichi
Oda, Toyotomi retainer, composer of Shinchô-kô ki
Titles: Izu no kami
Notes: Gyûichi served Oda Nobunaga and composed a well-known biography of the latter, the Shinchô-kô ki.

OTA Sukemasa
Hôjô vassal
Notes: Sukemasa came to accept the authority of the Hôjô but later rebelled and came to rely on the Satomi, with whom he was defeated at Konodai in 1564; he lost Edo Castle to the Hôjô

OTANI Yoshitsugu
Toyotomi retainer
Battles: Hideyoshi's Chugoku Campaign (1579-1582), Ômori (1599), Sekigahara (1600)
Notes: Yoshitsugu was a samurai from Echizen who came to serve Toyotomi Hideyoshi; he was dispatched to the northern provinces as a land survey officer and was forced to quell the resistance of Onodera Yasumichi in 1599, though suffering from leprosy he joined the 'western' forces on the battlefield at Sekigahara and directed his troops from within a palanquin; after the defection of Kobayakawa Hideaki to Tokugawa Ieyasu's side, he ordered a retainer to cut off his head and spirit it away.

ÔTOMO Yoshinori
Daimyô of Bungo
Castle: Funai
Notes: Yoshinori worked to secure Ôtomo influence over Bungo and clashed with the Ôuchi and Shôni; he was murdered in 1550 by one of his own vassals, a certain Tsukuni Mimasaka no Kami, under circumstances that have led many to suspect that his eldest son Yoshishige was somehow involved.
Sons: Yoshishige (H), (Ôuchi) Yoshinaga

ÔTOMO Yoshishige
Daimyô of Bungo
Ruled: 1550-1576
Castle: Funai
Battles: War with Kikuchi (1551), War with Akizuki (1557, 1564), Moji (1559, 1561), Mimigawa Campaign (1578)
Notes: Yoshishige became Daimyô in 1550 following the murder of his father Yoshinori; in 1551 he defeated his rebellious vassal Kikuchi Yoshimune and in 1557 invaded Chikuzen, forcing the Akizuki into submission; he sent a younger brother to act as heir to the Oûchi house, and thus became an enemy of Môri Motonari, who displaced the Oûchi in 1557; the Otomo and Môri fought a see-saw battle for Moji Castle, in Buzen; in 1562 Yoshishige entered into an allaince with the Amako and pressed his war with the Môri; that same year, he changed his name to Sambisai Sorin, the name by which (as Ôtomo Sorin) he is best known; he made peace with the Môri through the intercession of the Shogun, Ashikaga Yoshiteru, and arranged for the marriage of his daughter to Môri Terumoto-though peace did not last out the decade; in 1551 Sorin had entertained Francis Xavier and in 1578 was baptized, afterwards proving himself a strong supporter of Christianity; that same year, the encroaching Shimazu forced Ito Yoshisuke to flee his lands in southern Hyuga and request assistance from the Ôtomo; Yoshishige and his son Yoshimune (officially Daimyô since 1576) responded by leading an army drawn from the provinces of Bungo, Buzen, Chikuzen, Chikugo, Hyuga, and Higo against the Shimazu; this great host was soundly defeated at Mimigawa and Yoshishige, who was at the time at Tsuchimochi along with Yoshimune, was forced to flee back to Bungo; afterwards the Ôtomo and Shimazu made peace, but this only allowed the latter to consolidate their gains and defeat the Ryûzôji of Hizen; by 1585 the Shimazu were at the borders of Bungo; in May 1586 Sorin personally travelled to Osaka to request assistance from Toyotomi Hideyoshi, who replied bys ending a massive army the next year that defeated the Shimazu; Yoshishige died some months later at Usuki, his personal residence.
Son: Yoshimune (H)
Other names: Sambisai Sorin, Ôtomo Yoshizumi, Ôtomo Soteki, Ôtomo Gensai, Francisco

ÔTOMO Yoshimune
Daimyô of Bungo
Ruled: 1576-1593
Castle: Funai
Battles: Mimigawa Campaign (1578), War with Ryûzôji (1584-86), Hestugigawa (1586), Hideyoshi's Kyushu Campaign (1587), 1st Korean Campaign (1593-94), Sekigahara Campaign (1600)
Notes: Yoshimune officially succeded his father Yoshishige in 1576 and authorized the campaign aimed at driving the Shimazu from Hyuga; after the Ôtomo army was defeated at Mimigawa (1578), Yoshimune was occupied with keeping increasingly rebellious vassals in line; taking advantage of the death of Ryûzôji Takanobu, Yoshimune sent an army into Ryûzôji territory, though he accomplished little; when the Shimazu invaded Bungo and Toyotomi Hideyoshi sent an expeditionary force to Funai (led by Chosokabe Motochika and Sengoku Hidehisa), Yoshimune, against Chosokabe's advice, insisted on taking the offesnive - the result was the Battle of Hetsujigawa, which the Ôtomo and their allies lost; after Hideyoshi's main army drove the Shimazu back to southern Kyushu (1587), Yoshimune was confirmed as Daimyô of Bungo; he led 6,000 men to Korea as part of Kuroda Nagamasa's division but displayed cowardice in the fighting around Pyong'yang: learning of a sizable Chinese force moving into the area, Yoshimune abandoned an important fort, an action that caused him to be sent home in disgrace and then stripped of his lands; he sided with Ishida Mitsunari during the Sekigahara Campaign and was exiled afterwards; he died in 1605, the last head of the Otomo family; Yoshimune had been baptized in 1574 but was not as sympathetic to the missionaries as his father had been.
Other names: Constantinho

Daimyô family of Suo and Nagato
Capital: Yamaguchi (Suo Province)
House Code: Ôuchi-shi okitegaki (various, c.1492) ÔUCHI Masahiro
Shugo of Suo, Nagato, and Iwami
Ruled: 1467-1495
Battles: Ônin War (1467-77)
Notes: Masahiro was the son of Ôuchi Norihiro and was the head of the Ôuchi shûgo family; he ght in Kyoto during the Ônin War in support of the Yamana; he afterwards returned to the Western provinces and expanded and consolidated the Ôuchi influence there; he took advantage of the political situation to capatilize on the Ôuchi's domination of trade with China.
Sons: Yoshioki, Takahiro

ÔUCHI Yoshioki
Daimyô of Suo and Nagato
Ruled: 1495-1528
Castle: Yamaguchi
Titles: Kanrei (1508-1518)
Battles: Umagatake (1501), Funaokayama (1511), War with Amako (1518-1524)
Notes: Yoshioki worked to increase the power of the Ôuchi and came into conflict with the Ôtomo of Bungo (Kyushu) and the rising Amako of Izumo; in 1508 Yoshioki took up the cause of the deposed Shogun, Ashikaga Yoshitane, and marched on Kyoto, for which he was named kanrei; with the assistance of the Rokkaku he returned some semblance of order to the Capital, but was forced to return to Yamaguchi in 1518, both to thwart the ambitions of the Amako and to avoid an embarassing financial scandal brought about by his own generosity; he clashed with Amako Tsunehisa, and the two became known as great rivals.
Sons: Yoshitaka (H), Hirooki

ÔUCHI Yoshitaka
Daimyô of Suo and Nagato
Ruled: 1528-1551
Castle: Yamaguchi
Battles: Sakurao (1541), Gassan - Toda (1542-43)
Notes: Yoshitaka was the eldest son of Ôuchi Yoshioki and the daughter of Naitô Hironori; he became Daimyô following the death of his father in 1528 and worked to solidify Ôuchi influence over northern Kyushu during the 1530's; he also moved to cement his family's domination of the overseas trade, and it was partially to this end that he entertained Francis Xavier in 1550 (two years after the end of the 'official' China trade); he sent Sue Harukata to lift the Amako's siege of Koriyama in 1540, and personally led an army into the Amako domain in 1542; this campaign foundered at the walls of Gassan - Toda and ended in a bitter defeat for the Ôuchi and their allies the Môri, causing Yoshitaka to largely withdraw from military affairs, leaving them in the hands of the Naito and Sue; he devoted himself to cultural pursuits and further spared little expense to turn Yamaguchi into a 'western' Kyoto; his retainers grew disatisfied with his activities and in 1551 Sue Takafusa (Harukata) rebelled, forcing Yoshitaka to flee to a temple in Nagato, where, abandoned by his retainers, he commited suicide along with his young son.
Son: Yoshitaka (the characters in his name being written different then his father)

ÔUCHI Yoshinaga
Daimyô of Suo and Nagato
Castle: Yamaguchi
Notes: Yoshinaga was a younger brother of Ôtomo Sorin and the son of one of Ôuchi Yoshioki's daughters; following the overthrow of Oûchi Yoshitaka (1551), Sorin and Sue Harukata agreed to make Yoshinaga the new lord of the Oûchi, though he acted as a puppet to Sue; following Môri Motonari's victory at Miyajima in 1555 and death of Sue, Yoshinaga's position was steadily weakened until he was forced to commit suicide as Motonari marched against Yamaguchi in 1557.
Other names: Ôtomo Haruhide

ÔURA Tamenobu

OYAMADA Nobushige
Takeda retainer
Titles: Sahyô no jô
Castle: Iwadono (Kai province)
Battles: 4th Kawanakajima (1561), Takiyama (1569), Mikatagahara (1573), Nagashino (1575)
Notes: Although a distinguished general under Takeda Shingen, Nobushige abandoned Takeda Katsuyori in 1582 when the latter was pressed by an invasion by Oda Nobunaga and Tokugawa Ieyasu.


ROKKAKU Sadayori
Daimyô (Ômi)
Castle: Kannonji
Battles: Funaokayama (1511), Odani (1518)
Son: Yoshikata

ROKKAKU Yoshikata
Daimyô (Ômi)
Castle: Kannonji
Battles: Chigusa (1555), Nyoigamine (1558), Chokoji (1570)
Notes: Yoshikata was involved in many of the later struggles for power around Kyoto, supporting Hosokawa Harumoto in 1549 in his war with Miyoshi Chokei; he attacked and besieged Chigusa Tadaharu of Ise in 1555 but withdrew after maing peace; he went on to fight with Asai Hisamasa and Saito Dôsan of Mino, and clashed with Matsunaga Hisahide in 1558; he refused a request by the Oda to allow their troops safe passage through southern Ômi in September 1568 and as a result was brushed aside by Nobunaga on his way to Kyoto in October-November; he continued to contest Nobunaga's activities, and evidently communictaed with Takeda Shingen concerning war with the Oda in 1572; he retired after 1572; he jontly composed the Rokkaku-shi shikimoku (the Rokkaku house code) with his son Yoshiharu in 1567 and founded a well-known school of martial arts, the Sasaki-ryu.
Son: Yoshiharu
Other names: Sasaki Yoshikata

ROKKAKU Yoshiharu
1st son of Rokkau Yoshikata
Battles: Chomyoji (1570), Namazue (1572)
Notes: Yoshiharu joined his father in resisting the advance of Oda Nobunaga but after he was defeated at Namazue by Shibata Katsuie and fled; he took up with the Takeda of Kai and hid in the Erin-ji; he later became a retainer of Tokugawa Ieyasu.

RUSU Masakage
Date retainer
Battles: Hitadori (1585)
Notes: Masakage was a son of Date Harumune; he was adopted by Rusu Akimune and became the lord of Takamori Castle in 1567, going on to serve Date Terumune and Masamune with distinction.

Daimyô family of Hizen
Notes: The Ryûzôji may have been descended from Fujiwara Hidesato; they were retainers of the Shôni family until Ryûzôji Takanobu overthrew them in 1553; while Takanobu was able to secure most of Hizen Province, he suffered defeats in 1569 and 1584 that left his clan greatly weakened.

Shôni retainer
Battles: War with Oûchi (1506, 1529)
Notes: Iekane defeated the Oûchi in 1506 following their own defeat of Shôni Masauke (in which the latter was killed); afterwards he grew in power within Hizen, allowing for his son Takanobu to overthrow the Shôni.
Sons: Takanobu (H), Naganobu, Nagachika

RYÛZÔJI Takanobu
Daimyô (Hizen)
Castle: Saga (HIzen)
Battles: Saga (1553), War with Shôni (1554-1556), War with Ôtomo (1569, 1579), Okinawadate (1584)
Notes: Takanobu was the son of Ryûzôji Iekane and was orginally known as Engetsu; at the age of 18 he returned to secular life and in 1553 rebelled against Shô Tokinao; he took Saga Castle and drove Tokinao to Chikugo the following year, defeating and killing him in 1556; Takanobu expanded his power throughout Hizen, struggling in the Sonogi region with the Ômura and Arima; a noted warrior and ruthless schemer, Takanobu nonetheless suffered a crippling defeat at the hands of the Ôtomo in 1569; the Ôtomo's own defeat at the Battle of Mimigawa in 1578 (at the hands of the Shimazu) allowed Takanobu to expand into Higo and east of Hizen at their expense; he defeated an Ôtomo army in Chikugo in 1579 and attacked the lands of the Ômura around the same time, forcing the submission of the latter in 1580; he tricked Kamachi Shigenami into coming to a sargaku party and had him murdered, thus aquiring Kamichi's powerful Yanagawa Cstle in 1579; he came into conflict with the Shimazu over Higo Province after 1580 while gradually wearing down the Arima of Hizen's Shimabara area; in 1584 he assembled an army of as many as 20,000 men and marched against the flagging Arima Harunobu, whose own meager forces were reinforced by Shimazu Iehisa; at the Battle of Okinawadate, Shimazu swordsmen burst into Takanobu's command post and cut him down, triggering a general rout of the Ryûzôji forces; after Takanobu's death, his son Masaie submitted to the Shimazu.
Son: Masaie

Daimyô (Hizen)
Castle: Saga (Hizen)
Notes: Following his father's defeat and death in 1584 at the hands of the Shimzau, Masaie agreed to a truce with the latter; he lost a number of important retainers during this time, as he was considered a weak leader; he quickly transferred his alliegance to Toyotomi Hideyoshi in 1587 and was confirmed in six disticts of Hizen (worth some 350,000-koku); his lands were later transferred to his former vassal, Nabeshima Naoshige.


SAGARA Haruhiro
Dimyô (Higo)
Battles: War with Shimazu (1549)
Notes: Haruhiro clashed with the Shimazu and ordered a revision of the Sagara house code sometime prior to his death in 1555.
Son: Yoshiaki, Yorifusa

SAGARA Yoshiaki
Daimyô (Higo)
Castle: Minamata
Battles: Minamata (1581)
Notes: Yoshiaki succeded Sagara Yoshiaki; he refused a request by Shimazu Yoshihisa in 1581 to allow the Shimazu unhindered transit through the Sagara domain; in consequence, Yoshihisa beseiged Yoshiaki and forced him to commit suicide.
Sons: Nagatsune

SAIGUSA Moritomo
Takeda retainer
Titles: Kageyuzaemon no Jô
Battles: Mikatagahara (1573), Nagashino (1575)
Notes: Moritomo was an important Takeda retainer who was killed at Nagashino in 1575.

SAITÔ Toshimasa (Dôsan)
Daimyô of Mino
Ruled: 1544-1556
Castle: Inabayama, Sagiyama
Battles: War with Nagai (1542), War with Tôki (1544), Kanoguchi (1547), Nagaragawa (1556)
Notes: Toshimasa was born in Yamashiro province and was the illegitmate son of Matsuda Motomune; after attempting a career as an oil-seller, he assumed the name Nishimura Hidemoto and entered the service of Nagai Nagahiro of Mino; he overthrew Nagai in 1542 and took control of the Mt. Kinka area; he overthrew Toki in 1544 and established himself as Daimyô, building Inabayama Castle; he fought briefly with Oda Nobuhide of Owari, but arranged for his daughter to marry Nobuhide's son Nobunaga in 1548; Toshimasa's wife was the former spouse of Toki, and Toshimasa adopted her son, Yoshitatsu; Yoshitatsu's true father was unclear, and Toshimasa planned to name one of his other sons heir - in response Yoshitatsu killed the other sons and went to war with his adopted father in 1556; Toshimasa and Yoshitatsu met at the Nagara River, where in the course of the fighting Toshimasa's head was taken by a certain Komaki Genta; a colorful charactor, Toshimasa also had a reputation for cruelty and was considered by many to be a highly unsavory figure.
Sons: Yoshitatsu (Adopted), Nagatatsu (Magoshiro)
Other names: Matsunami Sokuro

SAITÔ Yoshitatsu
Daimyô of Mino
Ruled: 1556-1561
Castle: Inabayama
Battles: Nagaragawa (1556), War with Oda (1557-1560)
Notes: Yoshitatsu was the son of Toki Yoshiyori, whom Saitô Dôsan defeated in 1544; he was adopted by Dôsan, though the latter planned to disinherit him in favor of Nagatatsu; though Yoshitatsu suffered from leprousy, he hid his illness, and arranged for the murder of both Dôsan's natural sons in 1555; the following year he and his father met in battle at the Nagara River; Yoshitatsu emerged triumpant, and took control of Mino; he was able to defeat attempts by Oda Nobunaga to avenge Dôsan's death, but died of his illness in 1561.
Son: Tatsuoki (H)

SAITÔ Tatsuoki
Daimyô of Mino
Ruled: 1561-1567
Castle: Inabayama
Battles: War with Oda (1561-1567), Inabayama (1567)
Notes: Tatsuoki succeded his father Saitô Yoshitatsu when the latter died of illness in 1561; he inherited a war with the Oda, and saw his forces crushed at Moribe; he was unable to prevent the Oda from penetrating Mino and also had to contend with the Asai on his western border; Nobunaga managed to lure away the Saitô's top generals (including Ando Morinari, Inaba Ittetsu, and Ujiie Bokuzen) and thus considerably weakened Tatsuoki's position; in 1567 Nobunaga arranged for the capture of Inabayama and Tatsuoki was sent off into exile and took up with the Asakura of Echizen.

SAITÔ Toshimitsu
Akechi retainer
Battles: Yamazaki (1582)
Notes: Toshimitsu was from Mino province and a long-time retainer of Akechi Mitsuhide.

SAITÔ Tomonobu
Uesugi retainer
Battles: 4th Kawanakajima (1561)
Notes: Tomonobu served Uesugi Kenshin and fought in many of his battles, notably the 4th Battle of Kawanakajima

SAKAI Tadatsugu
Tokugawa retainer
Battles: Anegawa (1570), Mikatagahara (1573), Nagashino (1575), Komaki (1583)
Notes: Tadatsugu was born in Mikawa province and served the Matsudaira clan; after the future Tokugawa Ieyasu split from the Imagwa clan after 1560, Tadatsugu (a vocal supporter of the break) was given command of Yoshida Castle, which guarded the coastal road way into Mikawa from Tôtômi; Sakai became one of Ieyasu's chief retainers and fought in most of his battles; at Mikatagahara he secured the Tokugawa's right flank, and saw his command badly mauled by the attacking Takeda when the units( those sent by Oda) around him fled; at Nagashino he requested permission to lead a night attack on the Takeda camp, which he accomplished (along with Kanamori Nagachika) to good result; during the Komaki Campaign, he was dispatched to turn back a Toyotomi move against Kiyosu led by Mori Nagayoshi, and was successful; during the Odawara Camapgin (1590) he accompanied Tokugawa Hidetada (Ieyasu's hostage to Toyotomi Hideyoshi) to Kyoto; when the Tokugawa were moved to the Kanto, Tadatsugu recieved a 50,000-koku fief at Takasaki (Kôzuke Province).
Son: Ietsugu

SAKAI Ietsugu
Tokugawa retainer
Titles: Saemon
Battles: Sekigahara Campaign (1600)
Battles: Ietsugu was the son of Sakai Tadatsugu and held Yoshida from 1578 until 1590, at which point he recieved a 30,000-koku fief in Kôzuke province (Usui); he saw his income raised to 50,000 in 1594 and 100,000 (Takata - Echigo Province) in 1619.

Tokugawa retainer
Titles: Koheida, Shikibu-taiyu, Daijuji
Castles: Tatebayashi (1590)
Battles: Anegawa (1570), Nagashino (1575), Komaki Campaign (1584), Odawara Campaign (16000
Notes: Yasumasa rose to become one of Tokugawa Ieyasu's closest retainers and was skilled both in war and administration; Yasumasa was with Tokugawa when the latter chose to defy Hideyoshi in 1584, and suggested Komaki as a suitable heaquarters for the ensuing campaign; in 1585 he accompained Ieyasu to Osaka to meet with Hideyoshi and was awarded the title Shikibu-taiyu; following the Tokugawa move to the Kanto he was assigned to head up a team responsible for the allocation of fiefs and while Tokugawa was away serving on Hideyoshi's Korean Inavsion staff in Kyushu (1592-93, 1597-98), Yasumasa was one of the chief administrators left to supervise the Kanto.
Son: Yasukatsu
Other names: Sakikabara Heishichi

SAKUMA Morimasa
Shibata retainer
Castle: Oyama (Kaga)
Battles: Nagashino (1575), Shizugatake (1583)
Notes: Morimasa was one of Shibata Katsuie's top retainers and accompanied him on most of his campaigns while serving the Oda; he led Shibata's army into northern Ômi in 1583 when war came with Toyotomi Hideyoshi; he captured Iwasakiyama from Takayama Ukon and was besieging Shizugatake when Katsuie ordered him to withdraw lest Hideyoshi catch him off-guard - Sakuma over-estimated the time it would take Hideyoshi to arrive on the scene and so disobeyed Katsuie; Hideyoshi did arrive in good time, and in the resulting Battle of Shizugatake, Sakuma's army was routed; Morimasa was captured and later beheaded in Kyoto.
Other names: Sakuma Genba

SAKUMA Morishige
Oda retainer
Titles: Daigaku
Castle: Marume (Owari province)
Battles: Marume (1560)
Notes: Morishige was the holder of Marume Castle and came under attack by the forces of Matsudaira Motoyasu (Tokugawa Ieyasu) during the Imagawa invasion of Owari; Morishige held off an opening attack by the Matsudaira, but was shot and killed leading a counterattack out of the castle; he is believed to be the first 'general' killed by gunfire in Japan.

SAKUMA Nobumori
Oda retainer
Titles: Uemon no jô
Battles: Anegawa (1570), Mikatagahara (1573), Nagashima (1573), Nagashino (1575), Ishiyama Honganji (1575-1580)
Notes: Nobumori served Oda Nobunaga throughout the career of the latter; he commanded troops at Anegawa and was one of the three Oda commanders sent to assist Tokugawa Ieyasu against Takeda Shingen in 1572; at the Battle of Mikatagahara, he joined Takigawa Kazumasu in fleeing before the Takeda army; he and his son were heavily engaged in the siege of the Ishiyama Honganji from 1575 until 1580; following the surrender of the Honganji, Nobunaga wrote a scathing leter to Sakuma, accusing him of both incompetance and negligance and ordering him to shave his head and give up his lands in Yamato; he and his son Jinkûro thus wandered as beggars, Nobumori evidently dying of starvation or disease sometime within late 1581 or early 1582 at or near Mt. Koya.
Son: Jinkûro

SANADA Yukitaka
Daimyô (Shinano); Takeda vassal
Titles: Danjô no Jô
Castle: Sanada
Battles: Odaihara (1546), 4th Kawanakajima (1561)
Notes: Yukitaka may have been the son of Uno Munetsuna; after being defeated along with Uno around 1541 by the Murakami and Suwa, Yukitaka took up with the Nagano of Kôzuke; he was later convinced to join Takeda Shingen's retainer band and was able to reclaim Sanada Castle around 1550; he was a noted strategist and assisted Shingen on numerous occasions.
Sons: Nobutsuna, Masateru, Masayuki (H), Nobutada, Takakatsu (d.1606)
Other names: Sanada Ittokusai

SANADA Nobutsuna
Takeda retainer
Titles: Gentazaemon no Jô
Battles: 4th Kawanakajima (1561), Nagashino (1575)
Notes: Nobutsuna was the 1st son of Sanada Yukitaka and rose to become a noted Takeda general; he led 200 horsemen at the Battle of Nagashino and was killed in the fighting.

SANADA Masateru
Takeda retainer
Battles: Nagashino (1575)
Notes: Masateru was the 2nd son of Sanada Yukitaka; he was killed alongside his elder brother Nobutsuna at the Battle of Nagashino while leading 50 men.

SANADA Masayuki
Takeda retainer, Daimyô (Ueda/Shinano)
Castle: Ueda (1583)
Battles: 4th Kawanakajima (1561), Numata (1580), Ueda (1585), Ueda (1600)
Notes: Masayuki was the 3rd son of Yukitaka and first saw battle at Kawanakajima in 1561; he became head of the Sanada after his two elder brothers were killed at Nagashino; as the power of the Takeda declined, Masayuki expanded into Kôzuke and took Numata from the Hôjô in 1580; in 1585 Tokugawa Ieyasu demanded that Numata be returned to the Hôjô as part of a Tokugawa-Hôjô agreement; Masayuki refused and defeated a Tokugawa army sent to chastise him near Ueda; Masayuki made peace with the Tokugawa by sending his son Nobuyuki as a hostage, and secured an alliance with the Uesugi by sending his son Yukimura as hostage to Echigo; in 1600 Masayuki initaly acted as if in support of Tokugawa, then declared for the 'western' cause; he and his son Yukimura were besieged in Ueda by Tokugawa Hidetada but succesfully resisted the Eastern forces; after the Sekigahara camapign was concluded, Tokugawa Ieyasu banished both Masayuki and Yukimura to Kûdoyama in Kii Province.
Sons: Nobuyuki, Yukimura (Nobushige), Nobukatsu, Masachika

SANADA Nobutada
Takeda, Tokugawa retainer
Battles: Osaka Summer (1615)
Notes: Nobutada was the 4th son of Sanada Yukitaka; he eventually served the Tokugawa at Osaka Castle in 1615.
Other names: Sanada Nobumasa

SANADA Nobuyuki
Edo Daimyô, 1st son of Sanada Masayuki
Fief: Matsushiro (Shinano province, 100,000 koku) (1622)
Battles: Sekigahara Campaign (1600)
Notes: Nobuyuki was married to the daughter of Honda Tadakatsu and in 1600 supported the Tokugawa even as his father and brother fought for the 'western cause'; for his efforts he inherited the Sanada domain and in 1622 saw his income raised to 100,000 koku.
Son: Nobuyoshi
Other names: Sanada Nobuzane

SANADA Yukimura
Sanada retainer, Osaka Castle defender, 2nd son of Sanada Masayuki
Battles: Ueda (1600), Osaka Winter (1604), Osaka Summer (1615)
Notes: Yukimura, who was know throughout his career as Nobushige, first gained fame at the defense of Ueda Castle where he assisted his father in holding back the troops of Tokugawa Hidetada; he was afterwards banished with his father to Kûdoyama; when men began to rally around Toyotomi Hideyori at Osaka Castle in 1614, Yukimura went and became one of the chief defenders; he constructed a fortified postion remembered as the 'Sanada barbican' (Sanadamaru) and defended it fiercly with 7,000 men against an attack by 10,000 Tokugawa men; when the Osaka Summer Campaign commenced in May 1615, Yukimura was one of the commanders of the full-scale opffensive operation that culminated in the Battle of Tennôji; in that battle, seeing that his cause was lost, he collapsed onto his campstool in exhaustion and was killed by a certain Nishio Nizaemon of the Tokugawa army.
Son: Nobumasa (Daisuke, d.1615)
Other names: Gobenmaru (childhood name), Sanada Nobushige, Sanada Genjirô

SASA Narimasa
Oda, toyotomi retainer
Titles: Kuranosuke
Castles: Komaru (Echizen, 1575)
Battles: Nagashino (1575), Tedorigawa (1577), Shizugatake Campaign (1583), Suemori (1584). Kyushu Campaign (1587), Higo Rebellion (1588)
Notes: Narimasa served Nobunaga from his early career in Owai; in 1575 he was given lands in Echizen and became a member of the so-called sanninshû (Echizen Triumvir) along with Maeda Toshiie and Fuwa Mitsuharu; he was transferred to Etchu in 1581 and immediatly conducted a land-survey there; he supported Shibata Katsuie during the Shizugatake Campaign, and the following year threw in his lot with Tokugawa Ieyasu; he attempted to reduce Suemori, one of Maeda Toshiie's important forts, but failed, and when faced with the approach of Hideyoshi himself in 1585 the Sasa surrendered; Narimasa lost Etchu (valued around 100,000 koku) but was spared and was given a fief in Higo in 1587, along with careful instructions regarding how it should be governed; Narimasa ignored Hideyoshi's injunctions and within a year the Higo samurai were in a state of rebellion; Hideyoshi ordered Narimasa to commit suicide as a result.


SATAKE Yoshiaki
Daimyô (Hitachi)
Son: Yoshishige

SATAKE Yoshishige
Daimyô of Hitachi
Castle: Ota
Battles: Iwai (1571), War with Ashina (1576), War with Hôjô (1581, 1585), Hitadori (1585)
Notes: Yoshishige consolidated the Satake's hold over Hitachi province and expanded into Shimosa, bringing conflict with the Hôjô; in 1571 the Satake and Hôjô faced one another at the Battle of Iwai but after some manuvering struck a true and retreated to their own lands
Sons: Yoshinobu (H), Yoshihiro (Ashina Morishige)

SATAKE Yoshinobu
Daimyô of Hitachi; Akita (1601)
Castle: Ota
Battles: Fuchu (1590), Sekigahara Campaign (1600), Imafuku (1614)
Notes: Yoshinobu joined Toyotomi Hieyoshi in 1590 and sent troops to assist in the seige of Odawara; Hideyoshoi confirmed the Satake's holdings in Hitachi and Shimosa (worth some 545,800 koku); during the Sekigahara Campaign (1600), he sided with Ishida Mitsunari and joined Uesugi Kagekatsu's campaign in Aizu; afterwards Tokugawa Ieyasu transferred him to Akita (in Mutsu province), with an income of 200,000 koku; he later fought for the Tokugawa at Osaka Castle and there fought hard at the Battle of Imafuku.

SATOMI Sanetaka
Daimyô of Awa
Battles: Kamakura (1524)
Notes: Sanetaka struggled to solidify his hold over the Satomi clan while expanding his clan's influence; he clashed with Hôjô forces at Kamakura in 1524, opening a long feud between the two houses; he suffered the defection of a number of his retainers and was assasinated in 1533 by his nephew Satomi Yoshitoyo.
Son: Yoshitaka

SATOMI Yoshitaka
Daimyô of Awa
Battles: Inamura (1533), 1st Konodai (1548)
Notes: Yoshitaka was a son of Satomi Sanetaka and avenged his father's death by bringing down Inamura Castle and killing Satomi Yoshitoyo; he allied with Ashikaga Yoshiaki (of the koga-kubo Ashikaga line) against the Hôjo but was defeated along with Yoshiaki at Konodai in 1548.
Son: Yoshihiro

SATOMI Yoshihiro
Daimyô of Awa
Battles: 2nd Konodai (1564), Mifunedai (1567)
Notes: Yoshihiro carried on his father's war with the Hôjô and met defeat at the 2nd Battle of Konodai; he later allied with Takeda Shingen and battled with the Hôjô and Ota at Mifunedai in 1567; he later threatened Odawara by sea and forced Hôjô Ujimasa to suspend his operations against the Satake in 1571; he died without a son and so his younger brother Yoshiyori succeded him.

SATOMI Yoshiyori
Daimyô of Awa
Son: Yoshiyasu

Imagawa retainer
Battles: Anjo (1549)
Notes: Sessai was an uncle to Imagawa Yoshimoto and his chief military strategist; he was a buddhist monk who had served as the abbot of the Myôshinji in Kyoto before returning to Suruga and, in addition to his military duties (which included a number of clashes with the Oda of Owari), taking up the abbot's position at the Rinzaiji.

SHIBA Yoshimune
Shugo of Owari
Notes: Yoshimune was the nominal shugo of Owari and ruled from Kiyosu Castle; in 1554 he was executed by Oda Nobutomo (Hikogoro) for his support of Oda Nobunaga.
Son: Yoshikane (d.1572)

Oda retainer
Titles: Shuri no Suke
Castle: Kita no sho (Echizen, 1574)
Battles: Okehazama (1560), Sakai (1568), Chokoji (1570), Anegawa (1570), Nagashima (1571), War with Echizen monto (1574-75), Nagashino (1575), Ishiyama Honganji (1576), Tedorigawa (1577), Uzu (1582), Shizugatake Campaign (1583)
Notes: Katsuie served Oda Nobunaga throughout the latter's career, although in 1557 he conspired against him with Oda nbuyuki; though Nobuyuki was executed, Katsuie was pardoned and served Nobunaga loyally afterwards; Katsuie married Nobunaga's sister O-ichi (whom he was later forced to divorce to allow Nobunaga to give to Asai Nagamasa but would remarry following the suicide of thatw arlord in 1573) and fought at Okehazama (1560) and in the war with the Saito (1561-1567); he commanded an army that defeated the forces of the Miyoshi and Matsunaga at Sakai in 1568, and held Chokoji in southern Ômi, thus holding open the road from Mino to Kyoto; Chokoji was attacked by the Rokkaku in early 1570, and Katsuie defended the castle heroically, at length driving off the attackers; he commanded a rank of men at Anegawa in 1570, and was one of the principle commanders in Nobunaga's 1571 attempt to bring down the Nagashima monto stronghold - an action in which he was badly wounded; after recovering, he led troops against the rebellious Ikko of Echizne in 1574, and fought at Nagashino; he was given Kita no Sho in Echizen and after 1576, and with the help of Meada Toshiie and Sassa Narimasa, Katsuie pushed further north and into Kaga province, a campaign short in glory but long in difficulty; he was present in the Oda defeat at the Tedorigawa in Kaga province (at the hands of the Uesugi); Katsuie took advantage of the death of Uesugi Kenshin in 1578 to drive into Uesugi territory, and by 1582 had advanced as far as the eastern districts of Etchu at he expense of Uesugi Kagekatsu; he was in position to avenge the death of Oda Nobunaga in June 1572, an honor taken by Toyotomi Hideyoshi; in the aftermath of Nobunaga's death, Katsuie supported Oda Nobutaka as his successor, opposing Hideyoshi, who favored the infant Samboshi; rivarly between the two men led to open conflict in the winter of 1582; Katsuie, however, was virtually trapped in Echizen by the snow while Hideyoshi eliminated Oda Nobuo, then forced the submission of Takigawa Kazumasa in Ise; in 1583 he dispatched his favorite general, Sakuma Morimasa, to capture a few of Hideyoshi's forts in northern Ômi; Morimasa became heavily involved attempting to capture Shizugatake and ignored Katsuie's orders to return to Echizen; Morimasa was defeated in the Battle of Shizugatake by Hideyoshi and afterwards, after lighting Kita no sho alight and handing his daughters into the custody of Hideyoshi, Katsuie commited suicide.
Other names: Shibata Gonroku
Sons: Katsutoyo, (Sakuma) Katsumasa (both adopted)

SHIJI Hiroyoshi
Môri retainer
Title: Kôzuke no suke
Notes:Hirooshi was the son of Shiji Motoyoshi and first served Môri Okimoto; following Môri Motonari's rise to the head of the Môri after 1523, Hiroyoshi became one of his must trusted advisors.

Tsutsui, Toyotomi retainer
Battles: Sekigahara (1600)
Notes: Shima was initally a retainer of Tsutsui Junkei; he later rose to become one of Ishida Mitsunari's chief lieutenants during the Sekigahara Campaign, quarrling just prior to the battle with Shimazu Yoshihiro (who suggested a night attack, which Shima called cowardly); he commanded 1,000 men at the Battle of Sekigahara and was so badly wounded in the fighting that he later died.

Daimyô of Satsuma and Ôsumi
Capital: Kagoshima (Satsuma Province)
Notes: The Shimazu (who may have been descended from the Koremune) were founded by Shimazu Tadahisa (d.1227?), who was appointed as military commander of southern Kyushu by Minamoto Yoritomo in 1187; the Shimazu were splintered into two contending factions following the death of Sadahisa (1265-1351) and remained fractured into the Sengoku Period; Shimazu Yoshihisa managed to take much of Kyushu by 1587 but was forced back by Toyotomi Hideyoshi; though they supported Ishida Mitsunari in 1600, the Shimazu remained a powerful house until the end of the Edo Period; it was once believed that Shimazu Tadahisa was an illegitimate child of Minamoto Yoritomo - a legend that has laregly been abandoned since the end of the Edo Period.

SHIMAZU Takehisa
Daimyô (Satsuma)
Battles: Obi (1485)
Notes: Tadamasa defeated the Ito in 1485 in southern Hyuga; he suffered the rebellion of a number of Shimazu vassals in Ôsumi in 1496 and the Kimotsuki in 1506; he died in 1508, possibly by suicide.
Other names: Shimazu Tadamasa

SHIMAZU Katsuhisa
Daimyô (Satsuma)
Ruled: 1519-1526
Castle: Kagoshima
Notes: Katsuhisa fled Kagoshima after Shimazu Sanehisa rebelled in 1526, but continued to play a part in Satsuma politics for some years.

SHIMAZU Sanehisa
Shimazu retainer
Castle: Izumi (Satsuma province)
Battles: War with Iriki-in (1529-1530), Ichiku (1539), Momotsugi (1539)
Notes: Sanehisa rebelled against Shimazu Katsuhisa in 1526 and attenpted to establish himself as an independant power; he fought with the Iriki-in and suffered the loss of a number of his forts in 1539.

SHIMAZU Takahisa
Daimyô of Satsuma
Ruled: 1526-1566
Castle: Kagoshima
Battles: Koriyama (1544), Kajiki (1549)
Notes: Takahisa became the lord of Kagoshima Castle after his adoptive father Shimazu Katsuhisa was forced to flee by Shimazu Sanehisa's rebellion; he worked to cement the leadership of the Kagoshima branch of the Shimazu and faced resistance from such erstwhile vassals as the Kimotsuki and Iriki-in; he was one of the first daimyô to employ firearms in battle, doing so at Kajiki in 1549; he officially retired in favor of his son Yoshihisa in 1566, having brought some measure of stability to the Shimazu domain; he met with St. Francis Xavier in Kagoshima in 1549.
Sons: Yoshihisa (H), Yoshihiro, Iehisa, Toshihisa

SHIMAZU Yukihisa
Shimazu retainer, brother of Takahisa
Titles: Uma no Kami
Battles: Hideyoshi's Kyushu Campaign (1587), 1st Korean Campaign (1592-93)
Son: (Iriki-in) Shigetoki

SHIMAZU Yoshihisa
Daimyô of Satsuma and Ôsumi, 1st son of Shimazu Takahisa
Ruled: 1566-1587
Castle: Kagoshima
Titles: Saemon-nyudo
Battles: Oguchi (1569), Kizakihara (1572), Takabaru (1576), Tozaki - Kamiya (1578), Mimigawa (1578), Minamata (1581), Iwaya (1586)
Notes: Yoshihisa was Takahisa's eldest son and officially succeded him in 1566; his mother was from the Iriki-in family; between 1566 and 1569 he was compelled to subdue both the Kimotsuki (Ôsumi) and Hishikari (Satsuma), as well as stave off the outside Sagara and Itô; once he had also secured the loyalty of the Iriki-in and Togo, he was able to turn to Hyûga, which was laregly controlled by Itô Yoshisuke; Yoshihisa, supported by his brother Yoshihiro and Iehisa, defeated Yoshisuke at Kizakihara in 1572 and at Takabaru in 1576, then forced Ito to flee his lands in 1578 (taking up with the Ôtomo to the north); Ôtomo Sôrin and Yoshishige led a powerful army into Hyûga but saw their army (led by Tawara Chikakata) soundly defeated by the Shimazu brothers at Mimigawa; following this great victory, Yoshihisa made a temporary peace with the Ôtomo and invaded Higo, which brought him into conflict with the Ryûzôji of Hizen, who were also expanding; Yoshihisa forced Sagara Yoshiaki to surrender in 1581, but became bogged down in fighting with Ryûzôji Takanobu; the stalemate was broken when Shimazu Iehisa won the Battle of Okitanawate in 1584 - Takanobu was killed and his son Masaie was compelled to submit to Shimazu authority; Yoshihisa turned his attentions back to the Ôtomo and began a full-scale invasion of Bungo in 1586; Iwaya was captured (resulting in the suicide of Takahashi Jôun) and Funai was threatened; Toyotomi Hideyoshi, to whom Ôtomo Sorin had appealed for aid, sent an expeditionary army late in the same year, which Yoshihisa's brothers defeated at Hetsugigawa; Funai was taken in January of 1587, but had to be abandoned before a huge Toyotomi army led by Hideyoshi and Hashiba Hidenaga; after a fiew sharp displays of Shimazu defiance, Yoshihisa surrendered to Hideyoshi on 14 June 1587; he was forced to retire and turn over the command of the Shimazu to Yoshihiro, but his family was allowed to retain Satsuma, Ôsumi, and southern Hyûga; he was known afterwards as Ryu-haku.

SHIMAZU Yoshihiro
Shimazu Daimyô, 2nd son of Shimazu Takahisa
Titles: Hyogo no Kami
Battles: Kizakihara (1572), Takabaru (1576), Mimigawa (1578), Minamata (1581),Iwaya (1586), Hetsugigawa (1586), Korean Campaigns (1592-93, 1597-98), Sekigahara (1600)
Notes: Yoshihiro served in many of his brother Yoshihisa's campaigns, and was named Daimyô following the submission of the Shimazu to Hideyoshi in 1587; he led 10,000 men in the 1st Korean Campaign (1592-93) and during the 2nd Korean Campaign fought at the battles of Namwôn and Sachôn; shortly after returning hom, he ordered Ijuin Tadamune to commit suicide for refusing to join the Korean Campaign and put down a short-lived rebellion by Tadamune's son; he sided with Ishida Mitsunari during the Sekigahara Campaign - he and Shimazu Toyohisa joined Ishida's army but contributed little owing to a slight prior to the Battle of Sekigahara; after the defeat of the 'western' cause he retired in favor of his son Tadatsune.
Son: Hisayasu, Tadatsune (Iehisa) (H)
Other names: Shimazu Tadahira

Shimazu retainer, 3rd son of Shimazu Takahisa
Titles: Nakatsukasa taiyu
Castles: Sadowara
Battles: Takabaru (1576), Mimigawa (1578), Minamata (1581), Okitanawate (1584), Iwaya (1586), Takato (1587)
Notes: Iehisa was one of the most famed Shimazu commanders and fought in most of his brother Yoshihisa's battles; he especially distinguished himsef at the Battle of Okutanawate, where he led 2,000 Shimazu and 1,000 Arima troops in a victory over Ryûzôji Takanobu; he fought bravely against the invading Toyotomi forces in 1587 but died before the conclusion of the campaign, possibly as the result of poisoning.
Son: Tadanao

SHIMAZU Toshihisa
Shimazu retainer, 4th son of Shimazu Takahisa
Titles: Saemon no Kami
Battles: Mimigawa (1578), Minamata (1581)
Notes: Toshihisa fought in a number of his elder brother Yoshihisa's campaigns and in 1580 was awarded the former domain of the Keto-in (Satsuma) as his fief.
Son: Toyohisa

SHIMAZU Hisayasu
1st son of Shimazu Yoshihiro
Battles: 1st Korean Campaign (1592-93)
Notes: Hisayasu accompanied his father in the 1st Korean Invasion and was killed fighting in 1593.

SHIMAZU Tadatsune (Iehisa)
Shimazu Daimyô
Castle: Kagoshima
Tiles: Satsuma no kami, Ôsumi no kami (1631)
Battles: Osaka Winter (1614)
Notes: Tadatsune was the 3rd son of Shimazu Yoshihiro; he became the Daimyô of the Shimazu following his family's involvement in the Sekigahara Campaign and went to Edo in 1603 to personally pledge his loyalty to Tokugawa Ieyasu; he recieved the charactor 'Ie' from Tokugawa Ieyasu and surname Matsudaira; he led troops at the Osaka Winter Campaign and was on his way to join the Osaka Summer Campaign with 13,000 troops but arrived after the castle had fallen.
Son: Tadayuki

SHIMAZU Toyohisa
Shimazu retainer
Battles: 2nd Korean Campaign (1597-98), Sekigahara (1600)
Notes: Toyohisa was the son of Shimazu Toshihisa and accompanied his uncle Yoshihiro to the Battle of Sekigahara, where he was killed in action.

SHIMIZU Muneharu
Môri retainer
Castle: Takamatsu
Battles: Takamatsu (1582)
Notes: Muneharu was a local power in Bingo and joined the Môri around 1576; he held his Takamatsu against Hashiba (Toyotomi) Hideyoshi's forces in 1582; as a condition for sparing the garrison when Takamatsu was about to fall, Hideyoshi demanded that Muneharu commit suicide, which he did in a boat in full view of the Oda army.

Honganji retainer
Titles: Chikuzen no kami
Notes: Raishô was a noted strategist of the Kaga ikko who was active in the war with Oda Nobunaga; he was killed in 1575 by members of the Shomyoji of Takada (Echizen province).
Other names: Shimotsuma Yoriteru, Hokkyô

Daimyô family of Hizen
Notes: The Shôni were descended from Fujiwara Hidesato, one of whose descendants recieved the title Dazai Shôni from Minamoto Yoritomo and settled at Dazaifu and took the name Shôni; the Shôni played a key role in the Mongol Invasions and later served under Ashikaga Takauji (after initally supporting Go-Daigo); the Shôni initially lost their domain to the Ôuchi but managed to regain them with the help of the Ôtomo; in 1553 they were overthrown by their erstwhile vassal Ryûzôji Takanobu.

SHÔNI Sukemoto
Daimyô (Hizen)
Notes: Sukemoto was the son of Masasuke and managed to defeat the encroaching Ôuchi family with the help of the Ôtomo, to whom he was related by marriage.
Sons: Tokinao

SHÔNI Tokinao
Daimyô (Hizen)
Battles: War with Ryûzôji Takanobu (1554-56)
Notes: Tokinao was eclipsed by his retainer Ryûzôji Takanobu in 1554 and was later killed attempting to regain his position.

Founder of the Ishiyama Honganji
Notes: Kokyô was the grandson of Jitsunyo Koken and founded the Ishiyama Honganji after the Yamashina Honganji was destroyed in Kyoto in 1532 by the Hosokawa, Rokkaku, and the Nichiren sect.
Son: Kennyo Kosa

SÔ Yoshitomo
Daimyô of Tsushima
Battles: 1st Korean Campaign (1593-94)
Notes: Yoshitomo was the son of Konishi Yukinaga and succeded to the Sô house in 1587; he served in the 1st Korean Invasion under Konishi Yukinaga and later sided with Tokugawa Ieyasu during the Sekigahara Campaign (1600), though he took no part in the fighting; he ruled the Island of Tsuhima in the Korean Strait.

SUDA Chikamitsu
Uesugi retainer
Battles: 4th Kawanakajima
Notes: Chikamitsu was a warlord of northern Shinano who was defeated by Takeda Shingen and joined the ranks of the Uesugi after 1551.

SUE Okifusa
Ôuchi retainer
Notes: Okifusa was the son of Sue Hiromori and grandson of Sue Hirofusa, retainers of Ôuchi Masahiro; Okifusa became one of Ôuchi Yoshioki's chief retainers and after the latter's death served Yoshitaka, whom he assisted in his battles with the Shôni.
Sons: Harukata (Takafusa), Takanobu

SUE Harukata
Ôuchi retainer
Battles: Koriyama (1540), Gassan-Toda (1542), Miyajima (1555)
Notes: Harukata was the eldest son of the noted Ôuchi general Sue Okifusa; he became Ôuchi Yoshitaka's chief general and led troops to lift the Amako's siege of Mori Motonari's Koriyama Castle in 1540; he led troops in the abortive Ôuchi attempt to bring down Gassan-Toda in 1541-42 and afterwards endeavored to restore his lord's faltering martial spirit; in addition to his military duties, Harukata also assisted Yoshitaka in a number of land surveys (Suô, 1540 and Aki, 1550); he finally rebelled in 1551 and drove Yoshitaka to commit suicide, afterwards ruling the Ôuchi lands through Ôuchi Yoshinaga; he came to war with Môri Motonari of Aki and was lured with his army to Miyajima in 1555, where he was trpped and killed.
Son: Nagafusa (d.1555)
Other names: Sue Takafusa

SUGANUMA Sadamitsu
Tokugawa retainer
Battles: Anegawa (1570)
Notes: The Suganuma were a Mikawa family that nominally served the Imagawa before transferring thier loyalties to the Tokugawa after 1560; Sadamitsu's relative Sadamasa held Noda Castle, which was the scene of Takeda Shingen's final campaign prior to his death in the Spring of 1573; in 1601 Sadamitsu recieved a 20,000-koku fie in Ise (Nagashima).
Son: Sadamasa (Adopted)

Uesugi retainer
Battles: 4th Kawanakajima
Notes: Takaie was a noted general of Uesugi Kenshin and later Uesugi Kagekatsu.

SUWA Yorishige
Daimyô (Shinano)
Castle: Uehara
Battles: Shiokawa no gawara (1531), Sezawa (142), Uehara (1542)
Notes: Yorishige ruled the area around Lake Suwa and joined with his neighbors (such as Murakami and Ogawasawara) to clash with the Takeda of Kai on a number of occasions between 1531 and 1542, although a peace was made through his marriage to the elder sister of Takeda Shingen; in 1542 the Takeda made a sudden attack that caught Suwa by surprise brought down both Uehara and Kuwabara within two days; Yorishige surrendered on the promise of safe conduct, but was taken to Kai and later murdered, possibly by Itagaki Nobutaka.

Ii retainer
Battles: Sekigahara (1600)
Notes: Hyôe was a retainer of Ii Naomasa; in November 1600 he was dispatched to Tosa Province to assist Yamouchi Kazutoyo in quelling rebellious elements there who refused to accept the latter's rule.

Saiga monto leader
Notes: Sadayu was a prominent leader among the Saiga monto of Kii and Kwatchi province; he joined the Honganji and Hatakeyama Sadamasa in resisting Oda Nobunaga until the latter surrounded his castle in 1577, at which point Sadayu submitted.
Other names: Suzuki Magaochi

SUZUKI Shigehide
Saiga monto general
Battles: Seige of Ishiyama Honganji (1570-80)
Botes: Shigehide was sent to join the defenders of the Ishiyama Honganji who were fighting Oda Nobunaga and there gained fame for his skill at leading arquebusiers.


Ôtomo retainer

Toyotomi, Tokugawa retainer
Titles: Hida no Kami
Castles: Yanagawa (Chikugo) (1587), Tanakura (Mutsu) (1611)
Battles: Kyushu Campaign (1587), 1st Korean Campaign (1592-93), 2nd Korean Campign (1597-98), Sekigahara Campaign (1600), Shimabara Rebellion (1537-38)
Notes: Muneshige was a member of the Tachibana that had nominally served the Ôtomo; he readily sided with Toyotomi Hideyoshi in 1587 and helped defeat the Shimazu; he was afterwards given Yanagawa Castle in Chikugo province (worth some 120,000 koku) and led 2,500 men in Kobayakawa Takakage's command in the 1st Korean Campaign; in the 2nd Korean Campaign he was involved in the seige of Ulsan, where he distinguished himself or bravery; in 1600 he decided to support Ishida Mitsunari against Tokugawa Ieyasu and took a 1,000 men to assist in the Seige of Otsu Castle (Ômi province); though Otsu fell, Tachibana was unable to fight at the Battle of Sekigahara; nonetheless, he was deprived of his domains in the aftermath of Ishida's defeat; in 1611 he was given a 20,000-koku fief at Tanakura (Mûtsu province) and was present at the quelling of the Shimabara Rebellion.

Ôtomo retainer
Battles: War with Ryûzôji (1584-86), Iwaya (1586)
Notes: Shigetane was one of the greatest Ôtomo generals; with the assistance of Tachibana Dosetsu he was instrumental in holding the Ôtomo clan's northern borders following the debacle at Mimigawa in 1576; he was active in the ensuing war with the Ryûzôji but was forced to commit suicide in 1586 when surrounded at Iwaya by the Shimazu army.

Uesugi retainer
Battles: Niiyama (1551), 4th Kawanakajima (1561)
Notes: Sadayori joined Nagao Kagetora's efforts to unite Echigo Province and served Kagetora (later Uesugi Kenshin) throughout his career.

Matsunaga, Wada, Araki retainer
Titles: Hida no Kami
Castle: Sawa (Yamato province, to 1565)
Battles: Sawa (1565), War with Araki (1571), Rebellion of Araki Murashige (1578)
Notes: Tomoteru was a retainer of Matsunaga Hisahide who lost his castle of Sawa to the Miyoshi in 1565; he was related to Wada Koremasa and was able to find service under that lord once Oda Nobunaga occupied Kyoto (1568); he was involved in the Wada's war with the Araki (1571), and present when Koremasa was killed in battle; with his son Shigetomo, Tomoteru arranged for the murder of Wada Korenaga in April 1573; through this move the Takayama gained Takatsuki Castle and moved under the influence of the Araki; when Murashige rebelled against Nobunaga in 1578, the Takayama followed suit, though Shigetomo was convinced to abandon Takatsuki - to his father's chagrin; after Murashige fled to the western provinces (1579), Tomoteru retired; he had been baptized in 1564, though previously he had been an ardent foe of Christianity and had atttempted to convince Matsunaga Hisahide to expell the foreign missionaries from Kyoto.
Son: Shigetomo
Other names: Takayama Zusho, Darie

TAKAYAMA Shigetomo (Ukon)
Oda, Toyotomi, Meada retainer
Titles: U-konoe
Castles: Takatsuki (Settsu province, 1573), Iwasakiyama (Ômi province, 1583), Akashi (Harima province, 1585)
Battles: War with Araki (1571), Rebellion of Araki Murashige (1578), Yamazaki (1582), Iwasakiyama (1583), Shikoku Campaign (1585), Kyushu Campaign (1587)
Notes: Shigetomo was baptized along with his father in 1564, he assisted his father in eliminating Wada Korenaga in 1573 and taking over Takatsuki Castle in 1573; he initially supported Araki Murashige's rebellion against Oda Nobunaga in 1578 but was persuaded to switch sides at the behest of the Jesuit Padre Gnecchi-Soldo Organtino; he was allowed to retain Takatsuki after Araki fled to the western provinces; following the death of Oda Nobunaga in June 1582, Shigetomo sided with Toyotomi Hideyoshi and played a significant role in the Battle of Yamazaki; some months later he was entrusted with a fort on Iwasakiyama, one of a series of strongpoints that covered the border with Shibata Katsuie's Echizen; in the Shizugatake Campaign, Sakuma Morimasa drove Shigetomo from Iwasakiyama and forced him to take refuge in nearby Tagami; in 1585, following his participation in the Shikoku Campaign, Shigetomo was given the fief of Akahi in Harima, worth some 60,000 koku; once there, he enacted a forced conversion of the reisdents of his fief, an action that drew the displeasure of Hideyoshi, who was already suspicious of Christianity; Shigetomo was called to service in the Kyushu Campaign but was deprived of his lands soon afterwards; he took up with Konishi Yukinaga in Higo, then entered the service of Maeda Toshiie the following year; the Tokugawa bakufu issued an edict in 1614 that finally banned Christianity in its entirety, and ordered the expulsion of all missionaries and those samurai who refused to recant their faith; though Meada Toshitsune feared Ukon would fight rather than leave the country, Takayama peacefully complied and on 8 November 1614 departed for Manila; he arrived later that month and was greeted warmly by the Jesuits there, but died of illness just 40 days afterwards.
Other names: Takayama Ukon, Takayama Nagafusa, Takayama Yûshô, Minami no Bô

Daimyô family of Kai.
Capital: Tsutsuigasaki (Kofu, Kai Province, 1519), Nirayama (Kai Province, 1581)
House Code: Kôshû hatto no shidai (Takeda Shingen, 1547)
Notes: The Takeda were founded by Takeda Yoshikiyo, a nephew of Minamoto Yoshiie, and loyally served Minamoto Yoritomo; they ruled Kai from the time of Takeda Nobuyoshi (1138-1186) until their fall at the hands of Oda Nobunaga in 1582.

TAKEDA Nobumasa
Daimyô (Kai)
Battles: Ishizawa (1465)
Notes: Nobumasa suffered the rebellion of his retainer Atobe Kageie but defeated both him and his son Kagetsugu at Ishizawa in 1465; Nobumasa's younger brother (Morozumi) Masakiyo served the Takeda until 1561, when he died in battle at Kawanakajima.
Son: Nobuyoshi (Kai no kami, d.1488)

TAKEDA Nobutora
Daimyô of Kai
Castle: Yogai (1519)
Rivals: Imagawa, Hiraga, Hôjô, Suwa
Battles: Iidagawara (1521), Nashinokidaira (1526), Shiokawa no gawara (1531), Un no kuchi (1536)
Notes: Nobutora brought all of Kai under his control by 1519; he fought a series of battles defending Kai's borders, defeating Fukushima Masashige in 1521 and Hôjô Ujitsuna in 1526; Nobutora favored a younger son (Nobushige) over his eldest son Harunobu and planned to name him heir - as a result, Harunobu rebelled in 1541 and drove him to exile in Suruga; he stayed there in private life until his death; Nobutora was recorded as an intemperate man who was not liked by his retainers, though also as a warrior of some ability.
Sons: Harunobu (H), Nobushige, Nobukado, Nobuzane, (Ichijô) Nobutatsu

TAKEDA Shingen (Harunobu)
Daimyô of Kai
Ruled: 1541-1573
Castle: Tsutsujigaseki
Battles: Un no kuchi (1536), Sezawa (1542), Uehara (1542), Fukuyo (1542), Kojinyama (1544), Takato (1545), Uchiyama (1546), Uedahara (1548), Shiojiritoge (1548), Fukashi (1550), 1st Kawanakajima (Battle of Fuse, 1553), 2nd Kawanakajima (Battle of Saigawa, 1555), 3rd Kawanakajima (1557), Campaigns in Hida Province (1560-65), 4th Kawanakajima (1561), Musashi-Matsuyama, 5th Kawanakajima (1564), Kuragano (1565), Minowa (1566), Kanbara (1569), Odawara (1569), Mimasetoge (1569), Mikatagahara (1573), Noda (1573)
Notes: Shingen was the eldest son of Nobutora and fought his first battle in 1536, helping to defeat Hiraga Genshin; with the support of the Takeda retainers he overthrew his father Nobutora in 1541 when the latter planned to name his second son Nobushige heir; he invaded Shinano and forced the Suwa clan to submit in 1542, the same year he had defeated a coalition of Shinano daimyô at Sezawa; he marched in support of the Imagawa against the Hôjô in 1544, though no fighting took place; also in 1544, he conducted a campaign to penetrate the Kiso River valley of Shinano and took Kojinyama from the Tozawa; he fought with the Murakami and Ogasawara of north-central Shinano, with the former defeating him at Uedahara in 1548, a reverse he quickly redressed by defeating the Ogasawara at Shiojiritoge; his activities in Shinano brought him into conflict with Uesugi Kenshin of Echigo, and the two conducted a string of confrontations at Kawanakajima, the most notable - and bloody - occuring in 1561; by 1565 Takeda troops were entrenched in Kôzuke (with the hard-fought victories at Kuragano and Minowa) and had penetrated the mountains of Hida; in 1569 Shingen overran Suruga and fought with the Hôjô, making an abortive attempt to bring down Odawara and defeating a Hôjô army at Mimasetoge; he subsequently allied with the Hôjô and in January 1573 defeated Tokugawa Ieyasu in battle at Mikatagahara; around this time he came into direct conflict with Oda Nobunaga and had in 1572 ordered the capture of Iwamura in Mino - possibly at the instigation of Ashikaga Yoshiaki; he was either shot or more gave in to illness (possibly TB) during the seige of Noda Castle in Mikawa and died at Komaba in Shinano province; Shingen was a noted administrator and built a series of dykes along the Fuji River system that maximized the agricultural output of Kai; he composed the Takeda House Code (Kôshû hatto no shidai) in 1547; he was married briefly to a daughter of Uesugi Tomoyuki, then to the daughter of Sanjô Kinyori, a court noble; he took the daughter of Suwa Yorishige as a concubine and through her sired his 4th son and eventual successor Katsuyori; he became a buddhist monk and took the name Shingen in 1555; he was also a noted calligrapher.
Sons: Yoshinobu, (Katsurayama) Nobuchika, Nobuyuki, Katsuyori (H), Nobumitsu (1553-1582?), (Nishima) Morinobu, Nobusada
Other names: Katsuchiyo (Childhood), Hôshô-in

TAKEDA Nobushige
1525-1561 (Killed at 4th Kawanakajima)
Takeda retainer, younger brother of Takeda Shingen
Titles: Sama no Suke, Tenkyû
Battles: Uedahara (1548), 3rd Kawanakajima (1557), 4th Kawanakajima (1561)
Notes: Nobushige's father had planned to name him heir over Harunobu, which led Harunobu to exile their father to Suruga; Nobushige composed a list of injunctions intended to supplement the Takeda House Code; he was killed at 4 th Kawanakajima fighting the troops of Uesugi general Kakizaki Kagaie; he wrote the Kyujukyu Kakun, a set of ninety-nine precepts for Takeda house members.
Sons: Nobutoyo, (Mochizuki) Nobumasa

TAKEDA Nobukado
Takeda retainer, younger brother of Takeda Shingen
Titles: Gyôbushôyû
Battles: 4th Kawanakajima (1561), Takatenjin (1574), Nagashino (1575), Oda Nobunaga's Invasion of Kai and Shinano (1582)
Notes: Nobukado acted as Shingen's double for a time following the death of the latter in 1573; he acted as an advisor to Katsuyori until Nobunaga invaded the Takeda lands in 1582; he was captured and beheaded by Oda troops in Kofu.
Other names: Shôyôken

TAKEDA Nobuzane
Takeda retainer, younger brother of Takeda Shingen
Battles: Noda (1573), Nagashino (1575)
Notes: Nobuzane was killed in an attack led by Sakai Tadatsugu and Kanamori Nagachika during the Battle of Nagashino; the Koyo Gunkan records that he occasionally acted as a double for his elder brother Shingen.

TAKEDA Nobutatsu

TAKEDA Yoshinobu
1st son of Takeda Shingen
Battles: 4th Kawanakajima (1561)
Notes: Yoshinobu was wounded in the fighting at 4th Kawanakajima; he quarreled with his brother Katsuyori and was accused of plotting against Shingen; he was confined to the Toko-ji in 1565 and later made to commit suicide there.

TAKEDA Nobuchika
2nd son of Takeda Shingen
Battles: Oda Nobunaga's Invasion of Kai and Shinano (1582)
Other names: Katsurayama Nobuchika

TAKEDA Katsuyori
Daimyô of Kai, Shinano, and Suruga, 4th son of Takeda Shingen
Ruled: 1573-1582
Castles: Tsutsujigasaki (Kofu); Shimpu (1581)
Battles: Kanbara (1569), Takigawa (1569), Futamata (1572), Mikatagahara (1573), Noda (1573), Takatenjin (1574), Nagashino (1575), Numazu (1579), Omosu (1580), Rebellion of Kiso Yoshimasa (1582), Oda Nobunaga's Invasion of Kai and Shinano (1582), Temmokuzan (1582)
Notes: Takeda Katsuyori was named the head of the Suwa family (his grandfather was Suwa Yorishige) and would remain nominally in this postion even after he assumed control of the Takeda in 1573; prior to his father's death he fought in a number of Takeda battles, including the 1569-70 war with the Imagawa and Hôjô; when Shingen died in 1573, Katsuyori became the leader of the family, though in the capacity of guardian for his son Nobukatsu; he continued Shingen's war with Oda Nobunaga and Tokugawa Ieyasu but suffered a crushing defeat at Nagashino on 28 June 1575; he allied with Uesugi Kagekatsu in 1579, an act that provoked war with the Hôjô family, leading to a confrontation around Numazu in 1579 and near Omosu in 1580; in late 1581 Katsuyori moved his capital from Kofu to fortified Shimpu, near Nirasaki; the following year he suffered the defection of both Kiso Yoshimasa (his brother-in-law) and Anayama Nobukimi (who was married to his aunt); in May 1582 The Oda, Hôjô, and Tokugawa invaded Kai and Shinano, at which point most of Katsuyori's men abandoned him; he commited suicide along with his son Nobukatsu near Temmokuzan.
Son: Nobukatsu
Other names: Suwa Katsuyori, Shirô

TAKEDA Nobumitsu
5th son of Takeda Shingen
Battles: Nagashino (1575)

TAKEDA Nobukatsu
1567-1582 (Suicide at Temmokuzan)
1st son of Takeda Katsuyori
Battles: Omosu (1580), Temmokuzan (1582)
Notes: Nobukatsu was the eldest son of Takeda Katsuyori and technically the lord of the Takeda, with his father acting as guardian; he commited suicide alongside his father following the Oda/Tokugawa/Hôjô invasion of Kai and Shinano.

TAKEDA Nobutoyo
Takeda retainer
Battles: Nagashino (1575), Numazu (1579), Oda Nobunaga's Invasion of Kai and Shinano (1582)
Notes: Nobutoyo was the eldest son of Takeda Nobushige; he played an important role in the attack at Nagashino in 1575; he became an important retainer to Takeda Katsuyori and held land in Suruga and Shinano; he was killed in the Oda/Tokugawa invasion of the Takeda lands.

Daimyô of Aki
Notes: The Takeda of Aki were related to the Takeda of Kai and were powerful in that province as shugo until their defeat at the hands of Môri Motonari between 1516 and 1523.

TAKEDA Motoshige
Daimyô (Aki)
Castle: Kanayama
Battles: War with Môri (1515-16)
Notes: Motoshige attempted to subdue the independant-minded Môri following the death of Môri Okimoto; his army was intercepted on his way to Koriyama Castle by Môri Motonari and was defeated.

Daimyô of Wakasa
The Takeda of Wakasa Province were noted for their cultural pursuits but fell to advances by the Asakura of Echizen in the early 1560's.

TAKENAKA Shigeharu
Oda retainer
Battles: Anegawa (1570)
Notes: Shigeharu's family served the Saitô of Mino prior to the demise of that clan in 1567; he joined the Oda around 1568 and became a retainer of Hashiba (Toyotomi) Hideyoshi, recieveing a grant of land in Ômi province after 1573; he served Hideyoshi as an advisor during the latter's Chugoku Campaign but fell ill and died; his son Shigetoshi served in the Kyushu Campaign and was afterwards given a fief in Bungop province; Shigetoshi initally supported Ishida Mitsunari during the Sekigahara Campaign but quickly shifted his allegiance to Tokugawa.
Son: Shigetoshi
Other names: Takenaka Hanbei

Oda retainer
Titles: Saburôhei
Castle: Kanagawa (Ise Province)
Battles: Anegawa (1570), Mikatagahara (1573), Nagashima (1574), Nagashino (1575), Itami (1579), 1st Iga Invasion (1579), 2nd Iga Invasion (1581), Kanagawa (1582), Kanie (1584)
Notes: Kazumasu was one of Oda Nobunaga's staunchest supporters, and served him from around 1558 onward; he was given land in Ise province around 1569 and supported Oda Nobuo, heir to the Kitabatake house; aside from serving in many of Nobunaga's battles, Kazumasu also rendered service to the Oda through domestic affaris, assisting in the construction of Azuchi Castle in 1578 and in land surveys with Akechi Mitsuhide in 1580 in the Yamato region; Kazumasu's battle record was mixed, as he fled from Mikatagahara and acted poorly during the 1st Iga Invasion; following Nobunaga's death he supported Shibata Katsuie, but submitted to Hideyoshi after he was besieged in Kanagawa; he assisted Hideyoshi during the Komaki Campaign by attacking Kanie Castle along with Kûki Yoshitaka; he afterwards retired into obscurity.

TANAKA Yoshimasa
Oda, Toyotomi, Tokugawa retainer
Castles: Okazaki (Mikawa Province, 1590), Kurume (Chikugo Province, 1600)
Notes: Yoshimasa served all three of the 'Unifiers' and recieved Okazaki in 1590; he sent his son Yoshimune to Sekigahara with 3,000 men and was afterwards awarded a 320,000-koku fief in Chikugo.

Shimazu retainer
Titles: Sakon no Daibu
Battles: Minamata (1581)
Notes: Tokitada controlled Tanegashima Island, just to the south of Kyushu; he recieved the first Europeans in 1543 and arranged for their fireamrs to be studied and copied (for this reason arquebuses were known for a time as 'Tanegashima').

TÔDÒ Takatora
Asai, Oda, Toyotomi, Tokugawa retainer
Battles: Anegawa (1570), Hideyoshi's Chugoku Campaign (1577-82), Isekameyama (1583), Shizugatake (1583), Kyushu Campaign (1587), 1st Korean Campaign (1592-93), Namwoün (1597), Sekigahara (1600), Osaka Summer (1615)
Notes: Takatora was the son of Tôdô Torataka and a samurai of Ômi province who first served the Asai and fought against the Oda at the Battle of Anegawa (1570), he later entered the service of the Oda and rose to become a chief retainer of Hashiba Hidenaga, Toyotomi Hideyoshi's half-brother, and served in the Chugoku against the Môri; he served at the Battle of Shizugatake (1583) and after the Kyushu Campaign saw his income raised to 30,000 koku; and after serving in the Korean Campaigns (commanding men both on land and sea) was awarded the fief of Osu on Iyo province (worth 80,000 koku) in 1594; he drifted into Tokugawa Ieyasu's camp even prior to the death of Hideyoshi in 1598, sending hostages to Edo Castle that year; sided with Ieyasu during the Sekigahara Campaign and commanded 2,490 men in the forefront at the battle; afterwards his holdings on Iyo were increased to 200,000; he was transfered to Ise provicne in 1608 and saw his income increased to 333,950 koku; he was active in the Osaka Summer Campaign - he defeated Chosokabe Morichika at the Battle of Yao but suffered the loss of two sons in the course of the fighting; in 1620 Takatora was tasked with supervising the reconstruction of Osaka Castle, which was conducted between 1620 and 1629 - this was owing to his previous experience with castle building (which included Wakayama, Kôriyama, and Yodo).
Sons: Takanori, Ujikatsu (Both killed at Yao, 1615)

TOGASHI Masachika
Shugo of Kaga
Battles: Ônin War (1467-77), Civil war in Kaga (1487-88)
Notes: Masachika was allied to the Hosokawa during the Ônin War and worked to reassert Togashi authority in Kaga, which had been lost in 1447 to two vassal familes, the Motoori and Yamagawa; he reclaimed Kaga with the assistance of Asakura Toshikage and Kaga's Ikko sects, defeating a younger brother (Kochiyo) in 1473; within a year Masachika and the Ikko had grown hostile although all initial Ikko uprisings fizzled; in 1487 Masachika chose to honor a call by the Shogun Ashikaga Yoshihisa to give battle to Rokkaku Takayori; he led an army out of Kaga and in his absence the Ikko rebelled once again, this time drawing on support from Togashi house members; despite some initial victories, Masachika was ultimately driven within his castle and forced to commit suicide.

TOGASHI Yasutaka
Shugo of Kaga
Battles: Civil war in Kaga (1487-88), War with Asakura (1494, 1504)
Notes: Yasutaka was an uncle to Masachika and had served as shugo of Kaga prior to him; in 1487 he lent his support to the Ikko uprising against Masachika from Kyoto and was allowed to act as nominal shugo of Kaga, although he did not actually go to live in the provicne until 1493, when he was forced to flee the capital by Hosokawa Masamoto; he attempted to aid ousted shogun Ashikaga Yoshitane's bid to reclaim the capital, and clashed with the Asakura on a number of occasions to this end (1494, 1504).
Son: Taneyasu

TOGAWA Hideyasu
Ukita retainer
Titles: Higo no Kami
Battles: War with Oda (1578-1579)
Notes: Hideyasu was a chief retainer to Ukita Naoie and his son Hideie, with an income of 25,000 koku.
Son: Satoyasu

TOKI Masafusa
Daimyô of Mino
Notes: Masafusa suffered the rebellion of a number of his important vassals in 1518, which he suppressed with the assistance of the Asakura of Echizen.
Son: Yorizumi (d.1548) (H), Yoshiyori
Other names: Masayori

TOKI Yorinari
Daimyô of Mino
Castle: Inabayama
Battles: War with Saitô (1542)
Notes: Yorinari was a son of Masafusa took over the Toki following the death of his elder brother Yorizumi in 1548; he was overthrown by his retainer Saitô Dosan in 1542 and went off into retirement.
Son: (Saitô) Yoshitatsu
Other names: Toki Yoshiyori

Shôguns of Japan, 1603-1867
Capital: Ozaki (Mikawa), Hamamatsu (Tôtômi, 1570), Edo (Musashi, 1590-1867)
The Tokugawa served as the shôguns of Japan from 1603 until 1867 and were therefore the longest - and stablest - of Japan's three bakufu; the Tokugawa's actual roots are obscure for while Ieyasu claimed descent from the Nitta and therefore the Seiwa-Minamoto, there seems to be little historical evidence of this; the genealogy Ieyasu commisioned claimed that a branch of the Kôzuke Nitta had taken the name Tokugawa and later transferred to Mikawa, where it was adopted into the Matsudaira; in fact, Ieyasu also maintained an alternate family tree that suggested Fujiwara roots - which supports the suspition that the Tokugawa's family tree was largely made out of whole cloth; the Tokugawa were 'offically' restored when Ieyasu petioned the court to allow him to use the name Tokugawa in 1566 and became the new shôguns following the Battle of Sekigahara (1600) and a formal endorsement by the court in 1603; Ieyasu established a number of branch families whose role it was to provide heirs when the main line was unable to do so - these included the Kii, Mito, and Owari lines (the last shôgun, Tokugawa Yoshinobu, would be born into the Mito house

Daimyô of Mikawa, Lord of the Kanto (1590), Shogun (1603)
Titles: Shogun, Genji no chôja, Junna (1603), Udaijin, Ôgosho (1605)
Castles: Okazaki, Hamamatsu, Edo (1590)
Rivals: Oda, Imagawa (1561), Takeda (1569-1582), Toyotomi (1584, 1614-15), Ishida (1600)
Battles: Terabe (1558), Odaka (1559), Marume (1560), Kaminojo (1562), Azukizaka (1564), Oda Nobunaga's March on Kyoto (1568), Anegawa (1570), Mikatagahara (1573), Nagashino (1575), Futamata (1575), Taketenjin (1581), Oda Nobunaga's Invasion of Kai and Shinano (1582), War with Hôjô (1583), Nagakute/Komaki Campaign (1584), Odawara Campaign (1590), Sekigahara (1600), Osaka Winter (1614), Osaka Summer (1615)
Notes: Ieyasu began his career as a hostage of the Imagawa in their capital of Sumpu after a brief spell as a prisoner of the Oda; he was allowed to return to Mikawa in 1556, and was tasked with fighting a series of battles aganst the Oda on the Imagawa's behalf; he scored notable local victories at Terabe and Odaka, and during Imagawa Yoshimoto's attempted march on he took Marume; Yoshimoto was killed at the Battle of Okehazama, and afterwards Ieyasu worked to free himself of Imagawa influence; he struck up an alliance (initially in secret) with Oda Nobunaga in 1561 and the following year managed to arrange for Imagagawa Ujizane to return those members of his household still held hostage in Sumpu; the next few years were spent rebuilding a Matsudaira clan badly fragmented by years of strife and a province weakened by war; he defeated the militant Mikawa monto in 1564 in a sharp encounter and soon afterwards began testing the Imagawa defenses in Tôtômi; in 1566 he petioned the court to allow him to change his name to Tokugawa, a request which was granted and so from this point he became known as Tokugawa Ieyasu; he assisted Nobunaga when the latter marched on Kyoto in 1568 and entered into a brief pact with Takeda Shingen aimed to absorbing the remaining Imagawa territory; by 1570 Ieyasu had added Tôtômi to his domain, and become hostile to the Takeda, who had occupied Suruga; in june of that same year, Ieyasu led 5,000 men to help Nobunaga win the Battle of Anegawa against the Asai and Asakura, a victory owed largely to the efforts of the Tokugawa men; the Tokugawa were increasingly pressured by the advances of the takeda, and in 1572 Ieyasu lost Futamata Castle, then suffered a defeat at the Battle of Mikatagahara in January 1573; later that spring Takeda Shignen died, although his heir, Katsuyori, managed to capture the important Tokugawa fort of Taketenjin in 1574; in 1575 Katsuyori surrounded Nagashino Castle in Mikawa, drawing a powerful relief force led by Ieyasu and Nobunaga that crushed the Takeda army on 28 June; Katsuyori continued to harry the Tokugawa afterwards, and the Takeda and Tokugawa raided each other's lands frequently; in 1579 Ieyasu's eldest son, Hideyasu, and his wife were accused of conspiring with Takeda Katsuyori - due in part to pressure from Nobunaga, Ieyasu ordered his son to commit suicide; in Spring 1582 the Tokugawa joined Nobunaga in finally invading and destroying the Takeda, a campaign that saw Tokugawa recieve Suruga for his efforts; Ieyasu was staying in Sakai (Settsu province) when Nobunaga was killed by Akechi Mitsuhide in June 1582 and narrowly escaped back to Mikawa; he was not in a position to challange Mitsuhide, but did take advantage of the uncertainty following the Battle of Yamazaki to take Kai and Shinano, an action that prompted the Hôjô to send troops into Kai; no real fighting occured, and the Tokugawa and Hôjô made peace; in 1584, Ieyasu chose to take up the cause of Oda Nobukatsu, one of the late Nobunaga's sons and a claimant to succeed him; Hideyoshi responded by leading an army into Owari and starting the Komaki Campaign; Ieyasu won the single notable battle of this camapign, at Nagakute, and by the end of the year a truce was in effect; Ieyasu went to Osaka the following Spring and gave a promise of good will towards Hideyoshi; nonetheless, the Komaki Camaign had made Hideyoshi wary of Ieyasu, and with the exception of the Odawara Campaign (1590), the Tokugawa were exempted from participating in any of Hideyoshi's further campaigns; Ieyasu led some 30,000 men into the Hôjô's lands as part of Hideyoshi's massive effort to force the capitualtion of Odawara; during the seige of Odawara, Hideyoshi offered him the provinces of the Kanto, which he felt compelled to accept; when the Hôjô surrendered, Ieyasu began a rapid move from his provinces of Mikawa, Tôtômi, Suruga, Shinano, and Kai into the Kanto region, establishing his headquarters at Edo; he served in Hideyoshi's Kyushu headquarters during the Korean Expedtions (1592-93, 1597-98) but was not required to provide any troops for the actual campaign; in 1598 he was named one of the five regents responsbible for ruling while young Toyotomi Hideyori came of age; after Hideyoshi died that same year, the Tokugawa almost immediatly began making provacative alliances with families such as the Date that alienated the other regents; additionally, Ieyasu ocupied first Fushimi, the Osaka Castle, actions that prompted suspicion on the part of his colleques; reistance to Ieyasu was centered around Ishida Mitsunari, who unsuccessfully attempted to have Ieyasu assasinated in 1599; in 1600 two camps had formed, one (the 'eastern') around Ieyasu, and the other (the 'western') around Ishida; actual war came in August 1600, although the Tokugawa and Uesugi had been feuding since June; Ieyasu left Uesugi to be contained by the Date and Mogami, and led an army westward in October; on 21 October he met and defeated Ishida Mitsunari's army at the Battle of Sekigahara; following the defeat of the Western cause, Ieyasu redistributed lands to those who had served him, and reduced the lands of those who had not, marking the latter as tozama (Outside Lords); in 1603 the emperor granted him the title of shogun, which he held for only two years before offically retiring in favor of his son Hidetada; 'retiring' to Sumpu in Suruga province, he supervised the building of Edo Castle and the expansion of the surrounding town over the next few years, and conducted diplomatic business with the Dutch (1609) and Spanish; he composed the Kuge shohatto in 1613, a document that placed restrictions on the activities of the nobility, essentially limiting that class to ceremonial and asthetic pursuits; in 1614 he issued the final and most sweeping Christian Expulsion Edict; concerned about the lingering Toyotomi influence as represented by Hideyori of Osaka Castle, Ieyasu engineered a pretext for war in 1614; he acted as de facto commander of the two sieges of Osaka (Summer and Winter), and personally ordered that Hideyori's infant son be executed when the Castle finally fell in 1615; he passed away the next year in bed.
Sons: Nobuyasu, (Yûki) Hideyasu, Hidetada (H), Tadayoshi, (Takeda) Nobuyoshi, Tadateru, Yoshinao, Yorinobu, Yorifusa.
Other names: Takechiyo (Childhood), Matsudaira Motonobu, Matsudaira Motoyasu, Minamoto Ieyasu, Tôshô daigongen (deified)

Note on Ieyasu's sons
The following list does not take into account the two sons Ieyasu lost in infancy, Matsuchiyo (1594-1599) and Senchiyori (1595-1600) - thus Tokugawa Yorinobu, for example, is listed as Ieyasu's eigth son while he was, technically, in fact his tenth son.

1559-1579 (
1st son of Tokugawa Ieyasu
Castle: Okazaki
Battles: Nagashino (1575)
Notes: Nobuyasu was accused of plotting against Oda Nobunaga in 1579 and was confined to Ohama and then Futamata; at the insistance of Nobunaga, Ieyasu ordered him to commit suicide; prior to his death, Nobuyasu had been the keeper of Okazaki in Mikawa province and had fought at Nagashino; he was said to have had a cruel nature and was not popular.

2nd Tokugawa Shogun, 3rd son of Tokugawa Ieyasu
Battles: Ueda (1600), Osaka Winter (1614), Osaka Summer (1615)
Notes: Hidetada was the 3rd son of Tokugawa Ieyasu through one of the latter's consorts; he was known in his youth as Nagamaru and was named the heir to the Tokugawa; he acted as a hostage to Hideyoshi during the Odawara Campaign (1590) and Hideyoshi both presided over his coming of age ceremnony and gave him the character 'Hide' to use in his name; during the Sekigahara campaign he was initially responsible for conducting operations in the east against the Uesugi, but departed westward with 38,000 men to join his father; he became distracted along the way by the resiatnce of the Sanada at Ueda Castle in Shinano; he attempted to bring the castle down and when he failed to make any impression on the defenses, moved on; as a conseqence of his decision to attack Ueda, he missed the Battle of Sekigahara, an event for which he was harshly rebuked by his father; he was named the shogun in 1605, although his father continued to rule from retirement; he played an active role in the Osaka Castle seiges, although he and his father argued more then once on the course the campaign should take, with Hidetada calling for a direct assualt while Ieyasu favored caution; following the death of Ieyasu in 1616, Hidetada worked to strenghten the power of the Tokugawa bakufu, including arranging the marriage of his daughter to the emperor Go-Mizunoo; a product of this marriage assumed the throne in 1629 as the empress Meishô; Hidetada retired in 162 in favor of his son Iemitsu.
Other names: Nagamaru (Childhood name)
Son: Iemitsu (H)


TOKUGAWA Tadayoshi
4th son of Tokugawa Ieyasu
Battles: Sekigahara (1600)
Notes: At Sekigahara, Tadayoshi was attended by Ii Naomasa and was therefore at the forefront of the fighting; he was afterwards given a 570,000-koku fief in Owari but died in 1608, evidently as a result of illness.
Other names: Matsudaira Tadayasu

TOKUGAWA Nobuyoshi
5th son of Tokugawa Ieyasu
Notes: Nobuyoshi's mother was reputed to be a daughter of Takeda Shingen who had gone from Anayama Beisetsu to Tokugawa Ieyasu following the death of the former in 1582; he was given a 40,000-koku fief in Shimosa and the name 'Takeda' in 1594.

6th son of Tokugawa Ieyasu
Battles: Osaka Summer (1615)
Notes: Tadateru was married to the daughter of Date Masamune in 1599, though only an infant; he was later adopted by Matsudaira Yasutada and recieved a 180,000-koku fief in Shinano (Sakura); sometime later he recieved the fief of Takada on the Tokai Coast; he was dispossesed following a scandal during the Siege of Osaka Castle; he eventually settled in Suo Province, where he lived in obscurity and lived to an advanced age.

7th son of Tokugawa Ieyasu
Battles: Osaka Winter (1614), Osaka Summer (1615)
Notes: Yoshinao was given his late elder brother Tadayoshi's Owari fief and an income of 601,000 koku; he became the head of the Owari Tokugawa, one of the three gosankyô houses established by Ieyasu to provide heirs to the main line should the latter require one.

8th son of Tokugawa Ieyasu
Titles: Gon-chunagon
Notes: Yorinobu recieved the fief of Mito with an income of 250,000 koku while only two; he was moved to Kii Province (Wakayama, 550,000 koku) in 1620 and so became the head of the second of the Tokugawa gosankyô houses.
Son: Mitsusada (1626-1705)

9th son of Tokugawa Ieyasu
Notes: Yorifusa was given a 100,000-koku fief at Shimotzuma in Hitachi Province as a child (1603) and in 1621 was given Mito, worth 350,000 koku; he was considered the most clever of Tokugawa's last three sons, and a number of anecdotes involving the three of them and Ieyasu survive; Yorifusa's Mito domain became the third of the gosankyô houses and was destined to provide the 15th and final Tokugawa shogun, Yoshinobu.
Sons: (Matsudaira) Yorishige (1622-1695), Mitsukuni (1628-1670)

TORII Tadayoshi
Tokugawa retainer
Notes: Tadayoshi served Matsudaira Hirotada and then Tokugawa Ieyasu as a councillor and an administrator of finances at Okazaki Castle.
Son: Mototada

TORII Mototada
Tokugawa retainer
Battles: Anegawa (1570), Mikatagahara (1573), Nagashino (1575), Komaki Campaign (1584), Ueda (1585), Odawara Campaign (1590), Fushimi (1600)
Notes: Mototada served Ieyasu from childhood (whom he attended to while both were hostages of the Imagawa at Sumpu) and was served in many campaigns, including Nagashino (where he helped erect that battle's well-known palisades) and the abortive 1585 attempt to bring Sanada Masayuki of Shinano into line; following the 1590 Odawara Campaign he was given a fief in Shimosa (Yahagi, 40,000 koku) and at the opening of the Sekigahara Campaign (1600) was entrusted with Fushimi Castle (Yamashiro province); once hostilities commenced, Fushimi was besieged on 27 August and fierce fighting continued until 8 September, at which point, with his garrison all but eliminated and undone by treachery, Mototada commited suicide; his final parting with Ieyasu just prior to the start of the campaign (made in the knowledge of the inevitability of Mototada's death) was said to have been quite moving, and the news of his death reportedly saddened Ieyasu greatly.
Son: Tadamasa

TOYOTOMI Hideyoshi
Taikô, one of the 'Three Unifiers'
Titles: Chikuzen no kami, Naidaijin (1585), Kampaku (1585), Taiko (1592)
Castles: Imahama (1573), Osaka (1583), Jurakutei (1587), Fushimi (1592)
Battles: Anegawa (1570), Nagashima (1573, 1574), Nagashino (1575), Tedorigawa (1577), Miki (1578-80), Takamatsu (1582), Yamazaki (1582), Shizugatake (1583), Komaki Campaign (1584), Kii Campaign (1585), Kyushu Campaign (1585), Odawara Campaign (1590)
Notes: Hideyoshi's specific background is obscure, but he was evidently born in Nakamura village in Owari, the son of a simple a footsoldier/farmer; legend has it that he first sought service with an Imagawa retainer named Matsushita Yukitsuna but returned to owari to serve the Oda; he is famed as having been a simple sandle-bearer to Oda Nobunaga who managed to work his way up the ranks to the extent that he was an important figure in the Oda's war with the Saitô; popular legend also has him building a castle overnight (the Sunomata 'one-night castle') and helping to bring down Inabayama in 1567, though he does not begin appearing in records until 1570; he was present at the Battle of Anegawa and was given Ôdani in Ômi Province when the Asai fell in 1573; he soon moved to Imahama, and once there he set to work on domestic affairs, which included increasing the output at the local Kunimoto firearms factory (established some years previously by the Asai and Asakura); he served in numerous military campaigns for Nobunaga in the next few years, commanding troops in the battles for Nagashima and the Oda victory over the Takeda at Nagashino; he was chosen to lead a campaign against the Môin 1576, and he was occupied with this mission for the next six years; he was delayed by the stubborn resistance of the Bessho clan of Harima, but following the fall of Miki in 1580 was able to press deep into Môri territory, thanks in part to an alliance with the Ukita of Bizen; he was in the process of taking Takamatsu (to which end he had diverted a nearby river to flood the castle compound) in Bitchû Province when Oda Nobunaga was killed in Kyoto by Akechi Mitsuhide; Hideyoshi is said to have intercepted a message from Akechi to the Môri informing them of the said event - enabling Hideyoshi to quickly forge a peace treaty with the Môri and march back to the Kinai region; he met and defeated the forces of Akechi Mitsuhide at the Battle of Yamazaki and afterwards took a prominent part in the 'Kiyosu Conference' to nominate Nobunaga's successor; he feuded with Shibata Katsuie, a champion of Oda Nobutaka, and in 1583 emerged the victor in a campaign that culminated in the Battle of Shizugatake and the suicides of both Katsuie and Nobutaka; also in 1583 he ordered the construction of Osaka Castle and made a great effort to expand on the town there, employing tens of thousands of laborers in the process; the following year he clashed with Tokugawa Ieyasu and Oda Nobuo in the Komaki Campaign, and eventually struck a peace treaty; in 1585 he reduced the Negoroji in Kii Province and ordered the invasion of Shikoku, which resulted in Chosokabe Motochika's submission; he made the critical step of ordering the 'Great Sword Hunt' and ordering sweeping land surveys within his domain (which would continue even after his death in 1598); he was awarded the titles Naidaijin and Kampaku, almost certainly becoming the first man with common blood to recieve those marks; in November of same year he held the Grand Kitano Tea Ceremony, which he cancelled after one day but was nonethless very extravegant; in late 1586 he responded to requests for help from Ôtomo Sôrin (whose family was being hard-pressed by the Shimazu) and commited an advance force to Bungo Province; the following year he led an immense army into Kyushu and by June had forced the submission of the Shimazu family; almost immediatly afterwards, he issued the first Christian Expulsion Edict, though he made little effort to see that it was followed; in 1588 he hosted the Emperor Go-Yozei at the Juraku Palace and made considerable contributions to the Imperial lifestyle; he ordered the suppression of piracy (largely completed within three years) as part of his general encouragement of foreign trade, which he distinguished from the infiltration of foreign religion (in fact, the anti-piracy edict may have been also intended to clamp down on private trade); in 1589 he ordered Hôjô Ujimasa to come to Kyoto and when this was ignored prepared an invasion of the Hôjô domain, which he initiated in May 1590; Odawara fell in August and by January 1591 Hideyoshi was he master of all Japan; he compelled Tokugawa Ieyasu to relocate to the Kanto immediatly following the fall of Odawara and gave the old Tokugawa lands to Toyotomi retainers; in 1591 he issued his Edict on Changing Status, which was a move designed to freeze social mobility; in 1592, after fruitless negotiations with the Koreans over transit through their country to China, Hideyoshi ordered the 1st Korean Invasion to begin; he himself never went to Korea, rather conducting operations at Nagoya in Kyushu; that same year he retired as Kampaku in favor of his adopted son Hidetsugu and assumed the title of Taiko (retired regent); in 1593 Hideyoshi's second natural son (the first, Tsurumatsu, had died an infant in 1591) Hideyori was born and this was a key factor in the fall of Toyotomi Hidetsugu in 1595, which Hideyoshi ordered with uncustomary brutality; in 1597 he ordered a resumption of the war in Korea (a ceasefire had been in effect since 1593) on the basis of what he took to be an insult from the Chinese Emperor; this second invasion also faltered and in the end would be called off following Hideyoshi's death; in August 1598 Hideyoshi fell ill and before dying established a council of regents to protect Hideyori until he came of age; Hideyoshi then died 18 September 1598; Hideyoshi was a remarkable figure in Japanese history, reknowned for his strategic sense and ability to understand the motivations of others; he was also an eager student of the tea ceremony and even tried his hands at Nô theater in his later years; a number of actions he took in later life, including the deaths of Hidetsugu and Sen no Rikyu, have caused some to question his mental stability after 1590, while others assert that his behavior was born of concern for the future; his early life remains for the most part a mystery, and even the biography that he commisoned of himself begins only with the Seige of Miki Castle; thje period of his hegemony over Japan is known as the Momoyama Period, and was typified by his building projects (which included Osaka Castle and Jurakutei) and his great efforts at cultural enrichment; his politcal policies were largely continued by the Tokugawa family (who destroyed Hideyori in 1515) and so his impact on Japanese history was very great indeed.
Sons: Tsurumatsu (1589-1592), Hidetsugu (adopted), Hideyori
Other names: Tokachiro, Kinoshita Hideyoshi, Hashiba Hideyoshi

TOYOTOMI Hidetsugu
Toyotomi Hideyoshi's nephew and heir
Titles: Kanpaku (1592)
Battles: Nagakute (1584), Shikoku Campaign (1585), Odawara (1590)
Notes: Hidetsugu was the son of Miyoshi Yorifusa, who was married to Toyotomi Hideyoshi's sister; he first saw action at Nagakute against Tokugawa Ieyasu, where his leadership skills were found lacking; he nonetheless went on to serve in the Shikoku and Odawara Campaigns and was first given a fief in Ômi and later much of Owari (1590); he was named Hideyoshi's heir and kanpaku in January 1592 following the deaths of Hashiba Hidenaga and Hideyoshi's infant son Tsurumatsu; he moved his residence to Jurakutei and carried out his duties as Imperial Regent, entertaining the emperor in early 1592; in August 1595 he was suddenly ordered into exile at Mt. Kôya and was soon afterwards ordered to commit suicide along with his chief vasslas, followed by a number of his favorites (including Maeno Nagayasu and Watarase Shigeaki) and most of his immediate family (who were killed in Kyoto); Hideyoshi's motivations for his harsh measures are unclear but may have been driven by the birth of Toyotomi Hideyori two years previously; some have suggested that Hidetsugu refused to take a part in the Korean Camapgins, and that this served as a pretext for his sudden fall; a man of some learning, Hidetsugu nonetheless had a reputation for cruelty that, according to Luis Frois, was centered on his delight for killing.

Toyotomi Hideyoshi's heir
Castle: Osaka
Battles: Osaka Winter (1614), Osaka Summer (1615)
Notes: Hideyori was the second natural son of Toyotomi Hideyoshi (whose elder brother Tsurumatsu had died a young child) and was named the eventual heir to the Toyotomi house; attended by his mother (the so-called Yodo-dono), Hideyori resided in Osaka Castle while the Regents Hideyoshi had named to rule until the boy reached manhood splintered and came to blows; in 1600 factions under Tokugawa Ieyasu and Ishida Mitsunari (a former member of the san-bugyô) clashed at Sekigahara while Hideyori and Osaka were guarded by Môri Terumoto; following the Tokugawa victory, he was formally given Osaka Castle and a fief worth 650,000 koku; he met with Tokugawa Ieyasu in 1611 at Nijô in Kyoto; Ieyasu came to distrust Hideyori, whom he viewed as a threat to the fledgling Tokugawa bakufu; tensions between the Toyotomi and Tokugawa reached their peak in 1614, when Ieyasu chose to take offense at the inscription on a bell cast for the Great Buddha in Kyoto Hideyori had rebuilt in honor of his father; Hideyori's own viewes - and motivations - during this period are unknown, but soon Osaka Castle was filled with displaced daimyô and ronin - providing Ieyasu with all the more reason to declare war; later that same year the Osaka Winter Campaign began and while the Tokugawa were initally repulsed with great loss, Ieyasu compelled Hideyori and his mother to come to the tables after a concentrated bombardment was directed at the castle keep; Hideyori agreed to a peace treaty, but this proved only an opportunity for the Tokugawa to weaken the defenses; in the summer of 1615 the fighting at osaka resumed and culminated in the Battle of Tennôji; when Hideyori heard that the defenders had been defeated on the field, he commited suicide along with his mother; his infant son was later siezed by the Tokugawa and exectuted.

Daimyô (Hyûga), Itô vassal
Castle: Matsuo
Notes: Chikanari was a daimyô of Hyûga who had come to accept the authority of Itô Yoshisuke; in 1578 he sided with the invading Shimazu and was afterwards besieged by the Ôtomo in their campaign to subdue Hyûga that same year; he was forced to commit sucide and his lands were given to Ôtomo retainer.

TSUCHIYA Masatsugu
Takeda retainer
Titles: Uemon no jô
Battles: 4th Kawanakajima (1561), Mikatagahara (1573), Nagashino (1575)
Notes: Masatsugu fought in many of the Takeda Shingen's battles and was finally killed at Nagashino; his three sons were among the final supporters of Takeda Katsuyori and died fending off Oda troops while their lord commited suicide at Temmokuzan.

TSUGARU Tamenobu
Daimyô (Mutsu)
Battles: Namioka (1590)
Notes: Tsugaru was the Daimyô of the Tsugaru area of Northern Mutsu and clashed with the Nanbu; he later supported Toyotomi Hideyoshi in the Odawara Campaign (1590) and sided with Tokugawa Ieyasu during the Sekigahara Campaign.
Son: Nobuhira (1586-1631)
Other names: Ôura Tamenobu (until 1590)

Oda, Toyotomi retainer
Titles: Etchû no kami
Castle: Koriyama (1580, Yamato Province)
Battles: Honganji (1570-80), Shigi (1577), 2nd Iga Invasion (1581), Yamazaki (1582), Matsugashima (1584)
Notes: Junkei was a Daimyô of Yamato Province who came to be allied to Oda Nobunaga after the latter entered the Kinai region in 1568; he assisted in the Seige of the Honganji and in 1577 helped bring down Matsunaga Hisahide's Shigi Castle (along with Oda Nobutada); he was afterwards made the lord of Yamato Province and was ordered in 1580 to supervise the destruction of castles in Yamato and Kwatchi; he participated in the Invasion of Iga Province in 1581, where he joined Gamô Ujisato in laying siege to Hijiyama; when Akechi Mitsuhide killed Oda Nobunaga in June 1582, Junkei seemed ready to assist him, but waited at the Battle of Yamazaki to see who would win - in this case Toyotomi Hideyoshi - and then joined that side; Hideyoshi deprived Junkei of a portion of his domain for hedging his bets (which gave rise to the modern Japanese saying, 'to sit on ) at the battle' noonetheless, he supported Hideyoshi in the 1584 campaign against Tokugawa Ieyasu and took one of Oda Nobuo's castles in Ise - Matsugashima - in a bloody fight; he died that same year.
Son: Sadatsugu (adopted)
Other names: Tsutsui Fujikatsu

TSUTSUI Sadakatsu


Edo Daimyô
Castle: Takatori (1640)
Battles: Osaka Winter (1614), Osaka Summer (1615)
Notes: Iemasa became a page to Tokugawa Hidetada in 1599 and in 1608 was made a commander of ashigaru; he served notably at the Seiges of Osaka Castle and in 1640 was made a Daimyô at Takatori with an income of 25,000 koku.

Daimyô family of eastern Japan
Notes: The Uesugi were descended from UESUGI (Yamaouchi)
Daimyô of Kôzuke
Notes: The Yamaouchi-Uesugi were related to the Ogigayatsu Uesugi of Musashi and, like the latter, struggled against the rising power of the Hôjô clan; in 1551 Uesugi Norimasa was defeated and forced to take up with his former retainer, Nagao Terutora, whom he was made to adopt (with Terutora eventually becoming known as Uesugi Kenshin); the Uesugi were much diminished following their support of Ishida Mitsunari in 1600 and entered the Edo Period as lords of Yonezawa in Dewa Province.

UESUGI Norimasa
Daimyô of Kôzuke
Battles: Kawagoe (1545), Odaihara (1546), Hirai (1551)
Notes: Norimasa was the head of the Yamaouchi branch of the Uesugi and struggled to contain the expansion of the Hôjô; he joined Uesugi Tomosada of the Ogigayatsu Uesugi in defeat at Kawagoe (1545) and in 1551 lost Hirai; he fled to Echigo and sought the protection of his vassal Nagao Kagetora; Kagetora agreed to shelter Norimasa as long as he adopted himas heir to the Uesugi clan; Norimasa had little choice but to do as Kagetora asked.

UESUGI Kagenobu
Uesugi retainer
Notes: Kagenobu was Uesugi Kenshin's elder brother and served him throughout his life.
Other names: Nagao Kagenobu

UESUGI Kenshin
Daimyô of Echigo
Ruled: 1547-1578
Castle: Kasugayama (Echigo)
Titles: Kanto - kanrei (1561), Danjô no Shôhitsu
Battles: Tochio (1544), Shimohama (1547), Sanjô (1549), 1st Kawanakajima (Battle of Fuse, 1553), 2nd Kawanakajima (Battle of Saigawa, 1555), War with the Hôjô (1552, 1560-1567, 1569, 1570, 1571, 1574), 3rd Kawanakajima (1557), Umabayashi (1560), Odawara (1561), 4th Kawanakajima (1561), 5th Kawanakajima (1564), Usui (1566), Iimori (1570), Ishikura (1571), Tonegawa (1571), Etchû Camapign (1572), Anamizu (1577), Nanao (1577), Tedorigawa (1577)
Notes: Kenshin wrested control of Echigo from his elder brother Harukage in 1547; he gave shelter to Uesugi Norimasa on the grounds that Uesugi adopt him as heir (1551); he responded to requests for assistance from Murakami and Ogasawara, Shinano warlords pressed by Takeda Shinge; he fought a series of battles with Shingen at Kawanakajima and raided the Hôjô lands (particulary northern Musashi) 12 times, besieging Odawara in 1561 and reaching as far as Usui in Shimosa province in 1566; he visited the shogun Ashikaga Yoshiteru in 1553 and in 1561 recieved the title of Kanto - kanrei, a traditional Uesugi post; he allied with Tokugawa Ieyasu against Takeda Shingen and for a time communicated with Oda Nobunaga; in 1577 he expanded into Noto and Kaga, defeating Nobunaga's army at the Tedori River in the latter province; he was preparing another expedition (either against Hôjô or Oda) when he fell mortally ill and died; a skilled warrior, Kenshin also invested much effort into the improvement of Echigo's economic powerbase; he was a devout Buddhist monk and is said to have abstained from women throughout his life, though not from drink, of which it is thought held contribute to his death.
Sons: Kagekatsu (Adopted, H), Kagetora (Adopted)
Other names: Nagao Torachiyo (Childhood), Nagao Kagetora, Nagao Terutora, Uesugi Masatora, Uesugi Terutora, Sôshin

UESUGI Kagekatsu
Daimyô of Echigo; Aizu (1598); Yonezawa (1600)
Castle: Kasugayama
Battles: Ôtate (1578), War with Oda (1579-1582), Odawara Camapign (1590), Sekigahara Campaign (1600), Osaka Winter (1614), Osaka Summer (1615)
Notes: Kagekatsu was the son of Nagao Masakage and a nephew of Uesugi Kenshin; Kenshin adopted him and named him part heir alongside Uesugi Kagetora (adopted from the Hôjô family); following Kenshin's death Kagekatsu fought with Kagetora and in 1579 forced him to commit suicide; this division allowed Oda Nobunaga's generals (headed by Shibata Katsuie) to conquer the Uesugi's lands in Kaga, Noto, and Etchû; Kagekatsu made friendly overtures to Hashiba (Toyotomi) Hideyoshi following Nobunaga's death in June 1582, and attacked Shibata Kasuie's northern outposts during the Shizugatake Campaign (1583); he was confirmed in his Echigo fief (worth 550,000 koku) and went on to support Hideyoshi during the Komaki Campaign (1584), in which he played a limited role by launching a foray into Shinano; he attacked Hôjô forts in Kôzuke during the 1590 Odawara Campaign and in 1598 was transferred to Aizu (worth almost 1,000,000 koku); he was named one of five Regents (San - tairo) in 1598, and following Hideyoshi's death grew hostile to Tokugawa Ieyasu; in 1600 Kagekatsu began preparations for war, and in effect opened the Sekigahara Campaign; his army, which Ishida Mitsunari had hoped would tie down tokugawa Ieyasu himself, clashed with the forces of Date Masamune and Mogami Yoshiakira and gained little in the battles in and around Aizu; after the Battle of Sekigahara, Tokugawa transferred the Uesugi fief to Yonezawa and reduced their income to around 300,000 koku; Kagekatsu was able to redeem himself somewhat by taking part in the Seige of Osaka Castle; at the Battle of Shigeno (1614) Kagekatsu led 5,000 men into action against the Osaka defenders and distinguished himself by refusing an offer by Ieyasu to retire for rest.
Son: Sadakatsu (H)

UESUGI Kagetora
Battles: War with Kagekatsu (1579)
Notes: Kagetora was born the 7th son of Hôjô Ujiyasu and was first adopted into the Takeda house in 1562; he was later returned to the Hôjô, who sent him in turn to the Uesugi in 1569; Kenshin planned to name him part heir with Kagekatsu, but after his death the two fought; after a brief but bitter civil war, Kagetora commited suicide and assumed control of Echigo.
Other names: Hôjô Ujihide, Takeda Saburo

UESUGI Yoshiharu

UESUGI (Ogigayatsu)
Daimyô of Musashi
Notes: This branch of the Usugi controlled the heart of the Kanto plain and fought against the encroaching Hôjô until their defeat at Kawagoe in 1545 broke their strength and eventually led to their elimination.

UESUGI Tomosada
Daimyô (Musashi), head of the Ogigayatsu Uesugi
Battles: Kawagoe (1537), Kawagoe (1545)
Notes: Tomosada allied with Uesugi Norimasa and attempted to retake Kawagoe from the Hôjô in 1544 and was killed in the effort the following year; with his death, the Ogigayatsu-Uesugi declined rapidly.
Son: Norisada

Daimyô (Bizen)
Castle: Kameyama (1559), Okayama (1573)
Rivals: Matsuda, Mimura, Urakami (1577)
Battles: Kameyama (1559), War with the Matsuda (1567-68), Bitchû Campaign (1574-76), Tenjinyama (1577), Kozuki (1578), War with the Oda (1579)
Notes: Naoie began his career as a vassal of Urakami Munekage and expanded from a small fort with 30 men to control much of Bizen; he clashed with the Mimura and defeated the Matsuda clan in 1569; in he 1573 ordered Okayama rebuilt and made into his capital; he entered into an alliance with Môri Terumoto and as a result was able to add half of Bitchû to his holdings by 1576; he attacked Tenjinyama and eliminated the Urakami in 1577; he clashed with Oda forces in Harima (1579) before signing a treaty with Hashiba (Toyotomi) Hideyoshi and turning on the Môri
Son: Hidie

UKITA Tadaie
Ukita retainer, brother of Naoie
Battles: Bitchû Campaign (1574-76)

UKITA Hideie
Daimyô of Bizen
Castle: Okayama
Battles: 1st Korean Campaign (1593-94), 2nd Korean Campaign (1597-98), Odawara Campaign (1590), Sekigahara (1600)
Notes: Hidie had been raised by Toyotomi Hideyoshi as something of a protegé; he acted as overall commander 'on the ground' in the 2nd Korean Campaign; he served as one of the five regents (San-tairo) following Hideyoshi's death in 1598 and ruled over Bizen, Mimasaka, and part of Bitchû (yielding an income of around 575,000 koku); he sided with Ishida Mitsunari in 1600 and commanded 17,000 troops at the Battle of Sekigahara (the largest loyal - and active - 'western' contingent present); the Ukita troops fought very well on the battle, but overwelmed when attacked by the turncoat Kobayakawa Hideaki; Hidie went into hiding after the battle, seeking refuge with the Shimazu; in 1603 he was revealed to the Tokugawa and Ieyasu sent him into exile; he died at the age of 90 on Hachijô Island, the last of the sengoku-era Daimyô to die.

URAKAMI Munekage
Daimyô (Bizen)
Castle: Tenjinyama
Notes: Munekage was undermined by his vassal Ukita Naoie and once he died Ukita assumed control of Bizen; Urakami 'Gyokudo' Kimisuke, a descendant of the Urakami house, became a famous painter and artisan in the mid-Edo Period; the Urakami had been vassals of the Akamatsu but rebelled and by around 1518 had established their independance in Bizen.

USAMI Sadayuki
Uesugi retainer
Battles: Kurotaki (1549), 4th Kawanakajima (1561)
Notes: Sadayuki convinced the young Uesugi Kesnhin to rebel against his elder brother Harukage and led troops for him during the resultant civil war; in 1564 he murdered Nagao Yoshikage on Kenshin's orders.
Other names: Usami Sadamitsu, Usami Sadakatsu

UWAI Akitane
Shimazu retainer
Castle: Miyazaki (Hyûga)
Titles: Ise no Kami
Notes: Akitane was one of Shimazu Yoshihisa's top councillors and parts of his diary survives as a glimpse into the court of a 16th Century Daimyô; he was given Miyazaki in Hyûga Province after the province was subdued by 1579.


WADA Koremasa
Ashikaga, Oda retainer
Castle: Takatsuki (Settsu province)
Battles: War with Araki (1571)
Notes: Koremasa was a retainer of the Ashikaga shogunate who aided Ashikaga Yoshiaki following the murder of the shogun Yoshiteru in 1565; he continued to serve the Ashikaga under the auspices of Oda Nobunaga; he was essential in securing Louis Frois an audience with Nobunaga in 1569; he supported the Takayama clan and was later killed fighting with Araki Murashige in their defense.
Son: Korenaga

WADA Korenaga
Son of Wada Koremasa
Castle: Takatsuki (Settsu province)
Notes: Korenaga succeded his father following the latter's death in 1571; he planned to destroy the Takayama but that clan learned of his intentions and in April 1573 lured him into a dark room and murdered him in a brief but vicious swordfight.

Akechi, Toyotomi, Tokugawa retainer
Battles: Yamazaki (1582), Kyushu Campaign (1587), Odawara Campaign (1590), 1st Korean Campaign (1592-93), 2nd Korean Campaign (1597-98), Sekigahara (1600)
Notes: Yasuharu entered the service of Akechi Mitsuhide and fought for him at Yamazaki (1582); he afterwards joined Toyotomi Hideyoshi and became a naval commander in his service, directing ships during the Kyushu and Odawara Campaigns; he recieved the fief of Awaji Island in 1585; he was one of Hideyoshi's primary naval commanders in the Korean Campaigns but was heavily defeated by the Korean Admiral Yi Sun Shin at the Battle of Hasendo (1592); he led almost 1,000 men to the Battle of Sekigahara and was postioned with Kobayakawa Hideaki - and joined him in betraying Ishida Mitsunari.

WATANABE Moritsuna
Tokugawa retainer
Battles: Anegawa (1570), Mikatagahara (1573), Yoshida (1575)
Other names: Watanabe Hanzo

Toyotomi retainer Notes: Shigeaki served Toyotomi Hideyoshi; he was on good terms with Toyotomi Hidetsugu and when the latter was ordered to commit suicide in 1595, Shigeaki was ordered to give up his lands in Tamba and commit suicide himself.


YAGYÛ Muneyoshi
Matsunaga, Toyotomi, Tokugawa retainer; noted swordsman
Notes: Muneyoshi was a samurai of Yamato province whose family was defeated by the Tsutsui; he went on to serve the Matsunaga, and later became a retainer of the Oda; his skill as a swordsman eventually earned him the notice of Tokugawa Ieyasu, who named the Yagyu the offical swordmanship instructors of the Tokugawa; he is particularly well-remembered for an encounter with the famed swordsman Kamiizumi Nobutsuna in 1563.
Sons: Munenori

1475 - 1504
Hosokawa Retainer
Notes: Yôichi was the Deputy Governor of Settsu Province under the Hosokawa; he went to war against the Kanrei, Hosokawa Masamoto, in 1504 in an attempt to replace him with his adopted son Hosokawa Sumitomo, the Shugo of Settsu Province; his rebellion was put down in a matter of weeks, resulting in his commiting suicide in Yodo.
Other names: Motoichi

Takeda retainer
Titles: Saburô Byoue no Jô
Battles: Mimasetoge (1569), Yoshida (1572), Mikatagahara (1573), Takatenjin (1574), Nagashino (1575)
Notes: Masakage was the younger brother of Obu Toramasa; he dressed many of his personal troops in uniformly red armor, thus earning his men the nickname 'fire' or 'red' regiment/unit; he was killed leading the left wing of Takeda Katsuyori's army at Nagashino.

d.1600 (Suicide at Daishôji)
Maeda retainer
Castle: Daishôji
Battles: 2nd Korean Campaign (1597-98), Daishôji (1600)
Notes: Munenaga served Maeda Toshimasa; he commited suicide when he lost Daishôji to Maeda Toshinaga during the Sekigahara Campaign (September 1600).
Other names: Yamaguchi Genban

Takeda retainer
Battles: Toishi (1546); 1st Kawanakajima (Battle of Fuse; 1554), th Kawanakajima (1561)
Notes: Haruyuki was from Mikawa and was originally a minor retainer of the Imagawa; he was later introduced to Takeda Shingen through Itagaki Nobutaka; he became one of Shingen's chief advisors and assisted him in capturing a number of castles in Shinano; he produced the plan the Takeda employed at 4th Kawanakajima and commited suicide after suffering numerous wounds in the fighting; he is said to have written the Heiho Okugi Sho, a book of strategy.
Other names: Yamamoto Kansuke

YAMANA Toyokuni
Daimyô (Inaba)
Notes: Toyokuni succeded his father Toyosada (1512-1560) and in his career clashed with the Hatano and Akamatsu clans; he made a pact with the Môri, then yielded to the advancing Oda armies of Toyotomi Hideyoshi; he afterwards retired.
Father: Toyosada

Amako retainer
Titles: Shika no Suke
Battles: Shiga (1564), Gassan - Toda (1565-66), War with Môri (1567+), Kozuki (1578)
Notes: Yukimori took his first head at the age of 13 and became a valued Amako warrior, distinguishing himself in the Amako attempts to relieve Shiga Castle; following the surrender of Gassan - Toda in early 1566, Yukimori kept up the fight and clashed with Kikkawa Motoharu, the Môri's governor of the former Amako lands; he convinced Amako Katsuhisa to return to lay life and take up the Amako cause and the two of them joined Oda Nobumaga's camapign against the Môri in 1577; in 1578 they took Kozuki, which was alloted to them; the Môri counter-attacked and forced the castle to surrender; Yukimori entered Môri service but was murdered soon afterwards.

Oda, Toyotomi retainer
Castles: Nagahama (Ômi province, 1583), Kakegawa (Tôtômi province, 1590), Kochi (Tosa province, 1600)
Battles: Anegawa (1570), Nagashino (1575), Odawara Campaign (1590), Sekigahara (1600)
Notes: Kazutoyo was from Owari province and served Nobunaga from about 1565 until the latter's death in 1582; he transferred his loyalties to Hideyoshi and was awarded the 50,000-koku fief of Kakegawa in Tôtômi province in 1590; he sided with Tokugawa Ieyasu in the Sekigahara Campaign (1600) and assisted in the capture of Gifu Castle; he led 2,000 men in the rear guard at the Battle of Sekigahara and was afterwards given Tosa province; he was forced to call on the assistance of Ii Naomasa to bring certain unruly warriors of Tosa into line, and the latter sent a force under Suzuki Hyôe for this purpose.

Yamaouchi retainer
Battles: Sekigahara (1600)
Notes: Yasutoyo assisted his elder brother Kazutoyo in quelling the difficult elements of Tosa province and was awarded the district of Nakamura and Daimyô status.
Son: Tadayoshi

Edo Daimyô (Tosa)
Battles: Osaka Winter (1614)
Notes: Tadayoshi was the son of Yamaouchi Yasutoyo and succeded Kazutoyo as Daimyô of Tosa when the latter died childless

YODA Yukinari
Takeda retainer
Castle: Futamata (Tôtômi province)
Battles: Futamata (1575)
Notes: Yukinari successfully resisted an attack by Tokugawa Ieyasu following the Battle of Nagashino but died later that year; his son Nobushige was compelled to abandon Futamata soon afterwards.
Son: Nobushige

YOKOTA Takatoshi
Takeda retainer
Titles: Bitchû no Kami
Battles: Uedahara (1548), Toishi (1550)
Notes: Takatoshi served both Takeda Nobutora and Shingen; he was killed at the Battle of Toishi.

YÛKI Masakatsu
Daimyô (Shimosa)
Notes: Masakatsu composed the Yûki House Code (Yûki-shi shin hatto) in 1556.
Son: Harumoto (H)

YÛKI Harumoto
Hôjô vassal
Notes: Harumoto was the eldest son of Yûki Masakatsu, a Daimyô of Shimosa province; he was compelled to accept the authority of the Hôjô but severed his ties in 1590 when Toyotomi Hideyoshi came to besiege the Hôjô's Odawara Castle; that same year he adopted Hideyasu, the 2nd son of Tokugawa Ieyasu
Son: Hideyasu (Adopted)

YÛKI Hideyasu
2nd son of Tokugawa Ieyasu
Battles: Kyushu Campaign (1587), Sekigahara Campaign (1600)
Notes: Hideyasu was brought up under the supervision of Toyotomi Hideysohi and accompanied him on the Kyushu Campaign; he was adopted into the Yûki clan in 1590, and inherited a 100,000-koku fief in Shimosa from his adoptive father Harumoto; during the Sekigahara Campaign (1600), Hideyasu provided valuable assistance in the containment of Uesugi Kagekatsu and Satake Yoshinobu and was afterwards transferred to a 750,000-koku fief in Echizen (Kita no sho); he was also acting as the keeper of Fushimi castle when he died in 1607, and some have suggested his affinity for the Toyotomi house in which he had been raised contributed to his untimely death.
Other names: Matsudaira Hideyasu
Sons: (Matsudaira) Tadanao, (" ") Tadamasa, (" ") Naomasa, (Yuki) Naomoto