MEDICI

 

 

 

 

The Medici family were bankers in Florence and amassed great wealth; from the time of Giovanni (d.1429) they were the leading (and usually ruling) family of Florence. The ancestor was one Averardo di Medici (fl 1357), who had issue:

 

1a) Giovanni di Medici (1360-20 Feb 1429); m.Riccarda (d.1432), dau of Edoardo Bueri

 

1b) Antonio, d.1398

 

2b) Damiano, d.1390

 

3b) Cosimo di Medici (Sep 1389-1 Aug 1464); m.1416/7 Contessina, dau of Alessandro di Bardi, Cte di Vernio

 

1c) Pietro di Medici (1416-3 Dec 1469); m.3 Jun 1444 Lucrezia (1425-25 Mar 1482), dau of Francesco Tornabuoni

 

1d) Lorenzo I di Medici (1 Jan 1449-8 Apr 1492); m.1st 28 Dec 1469 Chiara (d.1488), dau of Jacopo Orsini; he is said to have m.2nd Filippina di Savoia

 

1e) Lucrezia (4 Aug 1470-ca 1550); m.1485 Jacopo Salviati (15 Sep 1461-6 Sep 1535)

 

2e) Pietro di Medici (15 Feb 1471-28 Dec 1503); m.1487 Alfonsina (1472-7 Feb 1520), dau of Roberto Orsini

 

1f) Lorenzo II di Medici, Duca di Urbino (9 Sep 1492-4 May 1519); m.Amboise 2 May 1518 Madeleine (d.28 Apr 1519), dau of Jean de la Tour, Cte d'Auvergne et de Boulogne

 

1g) Caterina Maria Romola di Medici (13 Apr 1519-5 Jan 1589); m.27 Oct 1533 King Henri II of France (1518-1559)

 

2g) [illegitimate; other sources say he was illegitimate son of Pope Clement VII (below)] Alessandro di Medici, Duke of Florence (1510-1537)

 

1h) Giulio, d.1600

 

1i) Cosimo; m.Lucrezia Gaetani

 

1j) Angelica, d.1636; m.Giampetro d’Altemps Duca di Gallese

 

2f) Chiara (1493-3 May 1528); m.Filippo Strozzi (1488-1537)

 

3e) Maddalena (25 Jul 1473-1528); m.1487 Francesco Cybo (d.1519)

 

4e) Giovanni di Medici (11 Dec 1475-1 Dec 1521); in 1513 he succeeded as Pope Leo X

 

5e) Luigia (1477-20 May 1488)

 

6e) Contessina (1478-1515); m.Pietro Ridolfi

 

7e) Giuliano/Julian, Duc de Nemours (12 Mar 1479-17 Mar 1516); m.10 Feb 1515 Philiberta of Savoy (1498-1524)

 

1f) [illegitimate] Ippolito di Medici, Cardinal, d.1535

 

2d) Giuliano (1453-murdered 1478)

 

1e) Giuliano di Medici  (26 May 1478-25 Sep 1534); in 1523 he succeeded as Pope Clement VII

 

3d) Bianca, d.1488; m.1459 Guglielmo di Pazzi

 

4d) Nannina, d.14 Apr 1493; m.1466 Bernardo Rucellai

 

2c) Giovanni (3 Jul 1421-23 Sep 1463); m.20 Jan 1453 Maria Ginevra, dau of Niccolo degli Alessandri

 

1d) Cosimo (1452-1461)

 

4b) Lorenzo di Medici (1395-23 Sep 1440); m.Ginevra, dau of Giovanni Cavalcanti

 

1c) Pier Francesco (1431-murdered 28 Mar 1469); m.1451 Laudomia, dau of Jacopo Acciajuoli

 

1d) Lorenzo (1463-20 May 1503); m.1483 Semiramide, dau of Jacopo Appiani

 

1e) Pier Francesco (1486-1525); m.1511 Maria, dau of Tomasso Soderini

 

1f) Lorenzo (22 Mar 1514-murdered 1548)

 

2f) Giuliano, Archbishop of Alby (1520-28 Jul 1588)

 

3f) Laudomia; m.1st 1532 Alemanno Salviati; m.2nd 1539 Pietro Strozzi (1510-1558)

 

4f) Maddalena, d.14 Apr 1583; m.1539 Roberto Strozzi

 

2e) Averardo (1488-1495)

 

3e) Vincenzo

 

4e) Ginevra; m.1508 Giovanni di Albizzi

 

5e) Laudomia; m.1502 Francesco Salviati

 

2d) Giovanni (21 Oct 1467-14 Sep 1498); m.1497 Caterina (1462-1509), dau of Galeazzo Maria Sforza, Duke of Milan

 

1e) Giovanni (6 Apr 1498-30 Nov 1526); m.1516 Maria (17 Jul 1499-12 Dec 1543), dau of Jacopo Salviati

 

1f) Cosimo I di Medici, Duke of Florence 1537, Grand Duke of Tuscany 1569 (11 Jun 1519-21 Apr 1574); m.1st 29 Mar 1539 Eleonora (ca 1522-18 Dec 1562), dau of Pedro Alvarez de Toledo, Marchese di Villafranca; m.2nd 1570 Camilla (d.1590), dau of Antonio Martelli

 

1g) Francesco I, Gr Duke of Tuscany 1574 (25 Mar 1541-19 Oct 1587); m.1st 18 Dec 1565 Archdss Johanna of Austria (24 Jan 1547-10 Apr 1578); m.2nd 5 Jun 1579 Bianca (d.1587), dau of Bartolomeo Capello

 

1h) Antonio (29 Aug 1576-2 May 1621)

 

2h) Filippo (20 May 1577-29 Mar 1582)

 

3h) Eleonora (1 Mar 1566-9 Sep 1611); m.1585 Vincenzo Gonzaga, Duke of Mantua (1562-1612)

 

4h) Romola, b.and d.1568

 

5h) Anna (31 Dec 1569-19 Feb 1584)

 

6h) Isabella (30 Sep 1571-8 Aug 1572)

 

7h) Lucrezia (7 Nov 1572-14 Aug 1574)

 

8h) Maria (26 Apr 1573-3 Jul 1642); m.27 Dec 1600 King Henri IV of France (1553-1610)

 

2g) Giovanni, Cardinal, Archbishop of Pisa (28 Sep 1543-Nov 1562)

 

3g) Pietro (10 Aug 1546-10 Jun 1547)

 

4g) Garzias (5 Jul 1547-12 Dec 1562)

 

5g) Antonio, b.and d.1548

 

6g) Ferdinando I, Cardinal 1563-89, Gr Duke of Tuscany 1587 (30 Jul 1549-17 Feb 1609); m.3 May 1589 Christine of Lorraine (6 Aug 1565-19 Sep 1637)

 

1h) Cosimo II, Gr Duke of Tuscany 1609 (12 May 1590-28 Feb 1621); m.19 Oct 1608 Archdss Maria Magdalene of Austria (7 Oct 1589-1 Nov 1631)

 

1i) Ferdinando II (14 Jul 1610-23 May 1670); m.1634 Vittoria (7 Feb 1622-6 Mar 1694), dau of Francesco Ubaldo della Rovere, Pr di Urbino

 

1j) Cosimo, b.and d.1639

 

2j) Cosimo III, Gr Duke of Tuscany (14 Aug 1642-31 Oct 1723); m.20 Jun 1661 (div 1675) Marguerite Louise d'Orléans (1645-1721)

 

1k) Ferdinando (9 Aug 1663-31 Oct 1713); m.19 Jan 1689 Violante of Bavaria (1673-1731)

 

2k) Gian Gastone, Gr Duke of Tuscany (24 May 1671-9 Jul 1737); m.2 Jul 1697 Anna Marie Franziska of Saxe-Lauenburg (1672-1741)

 

3k) Anna Maria (11 Aug 1667-18 Feb 1743); m.5 Jun 1691 Johann Wilhelm Kfst von der Pfalz (1658-1716)

 

3j) Francesco Maria, Cardinal 1686-1709 (12 Nov 1660-3 Feb 1711); m.1709 Eleonora Luisa Gonzaga (1686-1742)

 

2i) Gian Carlo, Cardinal (24 Jul 1611-23 Jan 1663)

 

3i) Matteo (9 May 1613-14 Oct 1667)

 

4i) Francesco (16 Oct 1614-25 Jul 1634)

 

5i) Leopoldo, Cardinal (6 Nov 1617-10 Nov 1675)

 

6i) Maria Cristina (24 Aug 1609-9 Aug 1632)

 

7i) Margherita (31 May 1612-6 Feb 1679); m.11 Oct 1628 Odoardo Farnese, Duke of Parma (1612-1646)

 

8i) Anna (21 Jul 1616-11 Sep 1676); m.10 Jun 1646 Archduke Ferdinand Karl of Austria (1628-1662)

 

2h) Francesco (14 May 1594-17 Apr 1614)

 

3h) Carlo, Cardinal (19 Mar 1595-17 Jun 1666)

 

4h) Filippo (9 Apr 1598-1 Apr 1602)

 

5h) Eleonora (10 Nov 1591-22 Nov 1617)

 

6h) Caterina (2 May 1593-17 Apr 1629); m.17 Feb 1617 Ferdinando Gonzaga, Duke of Mantua (1587-1626)

 

7h) Maria Maddalena (28 Jun 1600-28 Dec 1633)

 

8h) Claudia (4 Jun 1604-25 Dec 1648); m.1st 1621 Francesco Ubaldo della Rovere, Pr di Urbino (b.1605, murdered 1625); m.2nd 19 Apr 1626 Archduke Leopold V of Austria-Tyrol (1586-1632)

 

7g) Pietro (3 Jun 1554-25 Apr 1604); m.1st Eleonora de Toledo (murdered 30 Jun 1576); m.2nd 1593 Beatrice de Meneses

 

8g) Maria (3 Apr 1540-19 Nov 1557)

 

9g) Isabella (b.31 Aug 1542, murdered 16 Jul 1576); m.1565 Paolo Orsini, Duke of Bracciano (1537-1585)

 

10g) Lucrezia (7 Jun 1545-21 Apr 1562); m.after 18 Jun 1558 Alfonso II d'Este, Duke of Ferrara (1533-1597)

 

11g) Anna, b.and d.1553

 

12g) Virginia (29 May 1568-15 Jan 1615); m.6 Feb 1586 Cesare d'Este, Duke of Modena (1552-1628)