BUCKINGHAM and CHANDOS

and related families

 

 

 

 

 

Part 1

 

JAMES Brydges, 9th Lord Chandos, cr 1714 Earl of Carnarvon and Viscount Wilton, cr 1719 Duke of Chandos and Marquess of Carnarvon (6 Jan 1674-Canons 9 Aug 1744); m.1st Westminster Abbey 27 Feb 1696 Mary Lake (bap 18 Jul 1668-Canons 15 Dec 1712); m.2nd Chelsea 4 Aug 1713 Cassandra Willoughby (d.16 Jul 1735); m.3rd 18 Apr 1736 Lydia Catherine, Lady Davall, née van Hatten (d.Shaw Hall, Berks 18 Nov 1750)

 

1a) John, Marquess of Carnarvon (1703-London 8 Apr 1727); m.Ham 1 Sep 1724 Lady Catherine Tollemache (d.London 17 Jan 1754)

 

1b) Catherine; m.1st William Berkeley Lyon; m.2nd Edwyn Francis Stanhope

 

2b) Jane; m.James Brydges (her father’s first cousin)

 

2a) HENRY, 2nd Duke of Chandos (bap 1 Feb 1708-Biddesden, Hants 28 Nov 1771); m.1st London 21 Dec 1728 Lady Mary Bruce (d.Twickenham 14 Aug 1738); m.2nd London 25 Dec 1744 Anne Jefferies (d.Keynsham Abbey 12 Aug 1759); m.3rd West Ham 28 Jul 1767 Elizabeth Major (d.30 Mar 1813)

 

1b) JAMES, 3rd Duke of Chandos (16 Dec 1731-Tunbridge Wells 29 Sep 1789); m.1st London 22 Mar 1753 Margaret Nicol (d.Southgate 14 Aug 1768); m.2nd London 21 Jun 1777 Mrs Anne Eliza Elletson, née Gamon (d.Chandos House 20 Jan 1813)

 

1c) [by 2nd m.] Anna Elizabeth (d.Stowe 15 May 1836); m.London 16 Apr 1796 Richard Nugent-Temple-Grenville, later Temple-Nugent-Brydges-Chandos-Grenville, Duke of Buckingham and Chandos (see Part 2)

 

2b) [by 1st m.] Caroline; m.10 Mar 1755 John Leigh, of Adlestrop

 

3b) [by 2nd m.] Augusta-Anne; m.Henry John Kearney

 

 

 

 

 

Part 2

 

 

This was the main part of a vast cousinhood which dominated British politics for many years, including the Temples, Grenvilles, Pitts, Lytteltons and Wyndhams

 

 

Sir Richard Temple, of Stowe, 3rd Bt. (1634-1697); m.1675 Mary Knapp

 

1a) Richard, cr 1714 Lord Cobham, cr 1718 Viscount Cobham and Lord Cobham, with remainder, after his own issue, to his sisters Hester and Christian (24 Oct 1675-13 Sep 1749); m.Anne Halsey (d.20 Mar 1760)

 

2a) Purbeck (d.Mar 1698)

 

3a) Henry (d.1703)

 

4a) Hester, 2nd Viscountess Cobham, cr 1749 Countess Temple (ca 1690-Bath 6 Oct 1752); m.ca 1710 Richard Grenville, of Wotton, Bucks (d.17 Feb 1727)

 

1b) Richard, 2nd Earl Temple (26 Sep 1711-Stowe 12 Sep 1779); m.Marble Hall, Twickenham 9 May 1737 Anne Chambers (d.7 Apr 1777)

 

1c) Elizabeth (1 Sep 1738-14 Jul 1742)

 

2b) George, Prime Minister (14 Oct 1712-13 Nov 1770); m.1749 Elizabeth Wyndham (d.5 Dec 1769)

 

1c) George, 3rd Earl Temple, cr 1784 Marquess of Buckingham, succeeded father-in-law as 2nd Earl Nugent, took surname Nugent-Temple-Grenville (London 17 Jun 1753-11 Feb 1813); m.London 16 Apr 1775 Lady Mary Elizabeth Nugent, cr 1800 Baroness Nugent of Carlanstown, with remainder to her second son (d.Buckingham House 16 Mar 1812)

 

1d) RICHARD, 2nd Marquess of Buckingham, 4th Earl Temple, 3rd Earl Nugent, etc., cr 1822 Earl Temple of Stowe, Marquess of Chandos, and Duke of Buckingham and Chandos, took surname Temple-Nugent-Brydges-Chandos-Grenville (London 20 Mar 1776-Stowe 17 Jan 1839); m.16 Apr 1796 Lady Anna Elizabeth Brydges (see part 1)

 

1e) RICHARD, 2nd Duke of Buckingham and Chandos, etc (Buckingham House 11 Feb 1797-London 29 Jul 1861); m.London 13 May 1819 Lady Mary Campbell (Taymouth 10 Jul 1795-Stowe 28 Jun 1862)

 

1f) RICHARD Plantagenet Campbell, 3rd Duke of Buckingham and Chandos, etc. (London 10 Sep 1823-London 26 Mar 1889); m.1st Langley Park 1 Oct 1851 Caroline Harvey (1820-London 28 Feb 1874); m.2nd London 17 Feb 1885 Alice Anne Graham (Edinburgh 29 Sep 1847-London 15 Sep 1931); on his death, the Earldom of Temple of Stowe went to his nephew, the Viscountcy of Cobham went to his cousin, Lord Lyttelton, and the Barony of Kinloss, which had come to the family through Mary Bruce, Duchess of Chandos, went to his eldest daughter

 

1g) Mary, 11th Baroness Kinloss (30 Sep 1852-17 Oct 1944); m.Stowe 4 Nov 1884 Luis Ferdinand Morgan, later Morgan-Grenville (5 Jan 1861-26 Aug 1896)

 

2g) Anne (25 Oct 1853-18 Mar 1890); m.Stowe 3 Aug 1882 George Rowley Hadaway

 

3g) Caroline Jemima Elizabeth (London 9 May 1856-25 May 1946)

 

2f) Anna Eliza Mary (London 7 Feb 1820-3 Feb 1879); m.London 9 Jun 1846 William Henry Powell Gore-Langton (25 Jul 1823-11 Dec 1873); their issue inherited the 1822 Earldom of Temple of Stowe, under a special remainder

 

2d) George, 2nd Lord Nugent of Carlanstown (31 Dec 1789-26 Nov 1850)

 

3d) Mary (Stowe 8 Jul 1787-Loughborough, Leics 1 Jun 1845); m.26 Feb 1811 James Everard Arundell, 10th Lord Arundell of Wardour (3 Nov 1785-Rome 21 Jun 1834)

 

2c) Thomas (31 Dec 1755-17 Dec 1846)

 

3c) William Wyndham, cr 1790 Lord Grenville (25 Oct 1759-23 Jan 1834); m.18 Jul 1792 Hon. Anne Pitt (d.13 Jun 1864)

 

4c) Charlotte (d.29 Sep 1832); m.21 Dec 1771 Sir Watkin Williams-Wynn, 4th Bt. (d.29 Jul 1789)

 

5c) Elizabeth (d.2 Dec 1842; m.12 Apr 1787 John Joshua Proby, Earl of Carysfort (12 Aug 1751-7 Apr 1828)

 

6c) Hester (d.13 Nov 1847); m.10 May 1782 Hugh Fortescue, Earl Fortescue (12 Mar 1753-16 Jun 1841)

 

7c) Catherine (d.6 Nov 1796); m.19 Jun 1780 Richard Aldwroth Neville, 2nd Lord Braybrooke (3 Jul 1750-28 Feb 1825)

 

3b) James (12 Feb 1715-Sep 1783); m.1740 Mary Smith (d.15 Dec 1757)

 

1c) James, cr 1797 Lord Glastonbury (6 Jul 1742-26 Apr 1825)

 

2c) Richard (d.27 Apr 1823)

 

4b) Henry (15 Sep 1717-22 Apr 1784); m.11 Oct 1757 Margaret Eleanor Banks (d.19 Jun 1793)

 

1c) Louisa (d.7 Mar 1829); m.10 Mar 1781 Charles Stanhope, 3rd Earl Stanhope (3 Aug 1753-15 Dec 1816)

 

5b) Thomas Henry (3 Apr 1719-k.a.at sea 3 May 1747)

 

6b) Hester (d.3 Apr 1803); m.16 Oct 1754 William Pitt, Earl of Chatham, Prime Minister (d.11 May 1778)

 

1c) John Pitt, 2nd Earl of Chatham (9 Oct 1756-London 24 Sep 1835); m.London 10 Jul 1783 Hon. Mary Elizabeth Townshend (2 Sep 1762-London 21 May 1821)

 

2c) William Pitt, Prime Minister (28 May 1759-23 Jan 1806)

 

3c) James Charles Pitt (d.1780)

 

4c) Hester Pitt (19 Oct 1755-20 Jul 1780); m.Hayes 19 Dec 1774 Charles, 3rd Earl Stanhope (3 Aug 1753-Chevening 15 Dec 1816)

 

5c) Harriet Pitt (d.1786); m.Hon. Edward James Eliot

 

5a) Christian; m.8 May 1708 Sir Thomas Lyttelton, 4th Bt. (1686-14 Sep 1751)

 

1b) Sir George Lyttelton, 5th Bt., cr 1756 Lord Lyttelton, Baron of Frankley; Chancellor of the Exchequier, etc. (17 Jan 1709-Hagley 22 Aug 1773); m.1st London Jun 1742 Lucy Fortescue (d.19 Jan 1747); m.2nd Windsor 10 Aug 1749 Elizabeth Rich (d.London 17 Sep 1795)

 

1c) Hon. Lucy Fortescue Lyttelton (London 13 Mar 1743-Bristol 20 May 1783); m.London 10 May 1767 Arthur Annesley, 8th Viscount Valentia [later, Earl of Mountnorris] (7 Aug 1744-Paris 4 Jul 1816) à issue

 

2c) Thomas Lyttelton, 2nd Lord Lyttelton (Hagley 30 Jan 1744-Epsom 27 Nov 1779); m.Hales Owen, Staffs 26 Jun 1772 Mrs Apphia Peach, née Witts (bap.15 May 1743-Peachfield Lodge, Great Malvern 9 Apr 1840)

 

2b) Thomas Lyttelton, d.16 Apr 1729

 

3b) Charles Lyttelton, Bishop of Carlisle, d.1768

 

4b) Sir Richard Lyttelton (1718-1 Oct 1770); m.14 Dec 1745 Rachel, Dowager Dss of Bridgewater, née Lady Rachel Russell (d.22 May 1777)

 

5b) William Henry Lyttelton, cr 1776 Baron Westcote of Ballymore, cr 1794 Lord Lyttelton, Baron of Frankley (24 Dec 1724-Hagley 14 Sep 1808); m.1st London 2 Jun 1761 Mary Macartney (d.Jamaica 28 May 1765); m.2nd London 19 Feb 1774 Caroline Bristowe (d.Castle Fraser 19 Sep 1809) à Issue, including the subsequent Lord Lyttelton, who eventually inherited the Viscountcy and Barony of Cobham on the extinction of the issue male of Hester, Countess Temple

 

6b) Christian Lyttelton; m.Thomas Pitt, of Boconnoc

 

1c) Thomas Pitt, cr 1784 Lord Camelford, Baron of Boconnoc (Boconnoc 3 Mar 1737-Florence 19 Jan 1793); m.London 29 Jul 1771 Anne Wilkinson (Ware Park, Herts 5 Oct 1738 Camelford House 5 May 1803)

 

1d) Thomas Pitt, 2nd Lord Camelford (19 Feb 1775-Little Holland House 10 Mar 1804)

 

2d) Hon. Anne Pitt (d.23 Jun 1864); m.18 Jul 1792 William Wyndham Grenville, Lord Grenville (25 Oct 1759-23 Jan 1834)

 

2c) Hon. Amelia Pitt; m.William Spry

 

3c) Hon. Christian Pitt; m.Thomas Saunders

 

7b) Anne Lyttelton; m.1745 Rev. Francis Ayscough

 

8b) Hester Lyttelton; m.John Fiztmaurice, of Springfield Castle

 

6a) Mary, d.16 Nov 1763; m.1st Rev. Richard West; m.2nd Sir John Langham, 4th Bt. (ca 1670-May 1747)

 

1b) Maria West, d.12 Sep 1786; m.1761 Adm. Alexander Hood [later, 1st Viscount Bridport] (2 Dec 1726-3 May 1814)

 

2b) Anne Langham; m.Rev. Richard Dayrell, of Lillingston Dayrell (1720-14 Apr 1767)

 

1c) Richard Dayrell, of Lillingston Dayrell, d.1800

 

2c) Paul Dayrell, of Lillingston Dayrell (Jun 1746-dsp 1803); m.in America NN

 

3c) Henry Dayrell (Jun 1746-    ); m.1776 Mary Martha Penelope Miller issue

 

4c) Rev. John Langham Dayrell (2 Jul 1756-    ); m.1st Mary Wilson; m.2nd Frances Knight

 

7a) Penelope; m.Moses Berenger