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History Contributions Major Concepts Strategies Limitations Case Study Video Links

There are some limitations to the use of CBT in the helping process. CBT practitioners have been criticized as having too much power to manipulate the clients. For example, the use of reinforcements by therapists to encourage clients to think and behave in the manner that the therapists want them to could be seen as a form of manipulation and control of clients. More importantly, CBT is only effective with a certain group of individuals and becomes ineffective when used on these groups of individuals: (1) individuals who do very little self disclosure. In other words, they do not like to reveal problems that they are facing to others, (2) individuals who are influenced by their cultures to adopt the ‘collective’ way of thinking where individualism is not encouraged in such societies, (3) less educated individuals who are unable to express their thoughts owing to language barriers, and (4) individuals with serious psychological disorders, such as schizophrenia (Renfrey, 1992). Other than these limitations, therapists themselves find that the job of performing CBT is extremely rigid process where there is a great need to follow procedures and guidelines with little or no room for error. In attempt to practise as a CBT therapist, one is required to go through a lot of trainings to acquire the skills needed. This is a time and money consuming process that does not guarantee one to become an effective CBT therapist after that. One needs to have the aptitude and attitude to become an effective CBT therapist.