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Carl Roger's Theory

Carl Rogersís theory was that people do things out of free will. His theory is called Self Theory. He also stated that the self is concerned with distinguishing ones values and understanding their association to other people. Rogers said the self is the brain of the person. It shows who and what one person is. Rogers believes that the solution to pleasure and vigorous modification is the reliability between oneís self-concept and ones knowledge. Rogers understood that we all build up a need for self esteem. He alleged that we harm others or do something in rebellious ways only when we are irritated in our efforts to build up our potential. Rogers said that children in a lot of families feel its bad to have ideas and thoughts of their own about numerous things like political, religious, or sexual matters. When their parents disapprove of their thoughts they consider themselves rebels and think their feelings were wrong. If they want to have a consistent self-esteem, they may have to forget about their real feelings and forget about themselves. According to Rogers the path to self-actualization involves getting in touch with our real feelings and acting on them. This is the main goal of person-centered therapy. Theory of Personality Development Rogers' therapy was an extension of his theory of personality development and was known as client-centered therapy, since the basis of the therapy was designed around the client. According to Rogers each person has within them the natural tendency to continue to grow and develop. As a result of this the individual's self-esteem and self-actualization is continually influenced. This development can only be achieved through what Rogers refers to as "unconditional positive regard." In order for an individual to experience total self-actualization the therapist must express complete acceptance of the patient. Roger's found that this was best achieved through the method of "reflection", in which the therapist continually restates what the "patient" has said in an attempt to show complete acceptance and to allow the patient to recognize any negative feelings that they may be feeling. Throughout the counseling session the therapist may make small interruptive comments in order to help recognize certain issues. For the most part the "patient" is allowed to direct the course of the session. Rogers began to use the expression "client" instead of "patient" due to the fact that the individuals that he was counseling did need help but not within the same regard that a medically ill person does. These persons do not need to totally give in to themselves to a medical expert although they do need help. Today throughout the field of psychology it is a worldwide performance to address the individual as a client instead of a patient. Eventually throughout its development Rogers theory began to be known as "people-centered" due to its expansion beyond psychotherapy to such areas as education, marriage, leadership, parent-child relationships, and the development of professional standards. Within each limb that Rogers conjecture extended to there were several basic elements that were applied to each. They were as follows : 1. The individual comes for help. This is the most significant step within the steps of therapy. The individual has taken it upon himself to take the first step for help even if he does not recognize this as the reason he's there. 2. The helping situation is defined. The client is made aware that the counselor does not have the answers, but that with assistance he can , work out his own solutions to his problems. 3. The counselor encourages free expression of feelings in regard to the problem. The counselor provides the client with a friendly, interested, and receptive attitude which helps to bring about free expression. 4. The counselor accepts, recognizes, and clarifies negative feelings. Whatever the negative feelings are the counselor must say and do things which helps the client recognize the negative feelings at hand. 5. When the individual's negative feelings have been expressed they are followed by expressions of positive impulses which make for growth. 6. The counselor accepts and recognizes the positive feelings in the same manner as the negative feelings. 7. There is insight, understanding of the self, and acceptance of the self along with possible courses of actions . This is the next important aspect because it allows for new levels. 8. Then comes the step of positive action along with the decreasing the need for help. To say in other words Carl Rogers theory was that people do things out of free will. His theory is called Self Theory. He also stated that the self is concerned with regonzing ones values and understanding their relationship to other people. Rogers said the self is the brain of the person. It shows who and what one peroson is.

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