Apple Computer introduces the open architecture
Macintosh II. The basic system sells for US$3900. A system with 1MB RAM,
one 800K floppy drive, and a 40MB hard drive is priced at US$5500. The
system features a plug-and-play architecture for expansion cards.
IBM introduces the IBM
Personal System/2 (PS/2) line, with IBM's
first 386 PC, and 3.5-inch floppy drives as standard. The PS/2 Model 30
uses a 8-MHz 8086, the Model 50 and 60 use the 10-MHz 80286, and the Model
80 uses a 20-MHz 80386.
IBM unveils its Video Graphics Array (VGA)
in its Model 50 and higher of the PS/2 line. VGA offers 256 simultaneous
colors at a resolution of 320x200, and 16 colors at 640x480. The colors
displayed have six bits of depth for each primary color, giving a palette
of 262,144 different colors to select from.
IBM unveils its Multicolor Graphics Array
(MCGA) on its PS/2 Model 30. The MCGA is limited to 64K of memory, limiting
640x480 resolution to just 2 colors, but still allowing 320x200 in 256
IBM introduces its Micro Channel Architecture
(MCA) on its Model 50 and higher of the PS/2 line.
IBM announces the 8514/A Display Adapter,
a high-resolution graphics card for the MCA PS/2 line. The 8514/A adds
1024x768 in 16 colors to the standard VGA, at a cost of US$1290. With the
addition of a US$270 Memory Expansion Kit, 640x480 and 1024x768 resolutions
can be had in 256 colors.
IBM announces the 8514 16-inch monitor,
IBM announces DOS 3.3 for PCs, for US$120.
It adds support for 1.44 MB floppy disks, and multiple 32 MB hard drive
WordPerfect ships WordPerfect for the Atari ST for US$400.
Ven-Tel unveils its EC18K-34 modem, which it claims can operate at up to
18,000 bps, with data compression achieving a throughput of 19,200 bps
on normal voice phone lines. The cost of the modem is US$1400.
Ad Lib Incorporated unveils its Ad Lib Personal Computer Music System for
US$245. The card provides FM synthesis with 11 simultaneous voices.
Apple Computer introduces the Macintosh
IIx computer, using Motorola's 68030 and
68882 processors. It is priced at US$7770.
Apple Computer releases GS/OS, a 16-bit
operating system for the Apple IIGS.
SPEC is formed, with the aim of producing a benchmark based on a standard
set of real-life applications programs.
Tandy ships the first MCA-bus-based clone PC, the Tandy 5000 MC.
Compaq Computer introduces its first
laptop PC with VGA graphics, the Compaq SLT/286. It has a 12-MHz 286, 640KB
RAM, 20-40MB hard drive, 3.5-inch disk drive, and built-in 10-inch grayscale
LCD VGA screen. Price is up to US$5800.
Apple Computer and Quantum Computer
Services launch the AppleLink Personal Edition computer network.
Microsoft and IBM
ship OS/2 1.1 Standard Edition with Presentation Manager.
Microsoft releases OS/2 LAN Manager
for networked PCs.
Steve Jobs of NeXT Inc. unveils the first
NeXT computer, at the Davis Symphony
Hall in San Francisco. For US$6500, it features: 25-MHz Motorola
68030 processor and 68882 math coprocessor, 8MB RAM, 17-inch monochrome
monitor, 256MB read/write magneto-optical drive, and true object-oriented
NextStep operating system.
Intel introduces the 80486 microprocessor
at Spring Comdex in Chicago, Illinois. It integrates the 80386, 80387 math
coprocessor, and adds a primary cache. It uses 1.2 million transistors.
Initial price is US$900.
Intel introduces the 33-MHz version
of the 80386 microprocessor and 80387 numeric co-processor.
SPEC releases version 1.0 of its SPEC Benchmark Suite.
IBM signs a deal with NeXT
to license the NextStep operating system.
At fall Comdex, IBM strongly endorses
Windows for low end PCs, and Microsoft
publicly endorses OS/2 as the future platform for higher-end PCs. IBM
and Microsoft agree to jointly develop
a consistent, full-range of systems software.
Compaq Computer introduces its first
server PC, the Compaq Systempro. This is also the first EISA PC.
IBM demonstrates its new line of RISC
Xerox files a lawsuit challenging the
validity of Apple Computer's copyrights
covering the Lisa and Macintosh computers' graphical user interface.
Apple Computer unveils the Macintosh
Classic for US$1000, the Macintosh LC, and the Macintosh IIsi.
IBM introduces the XGA MCA graphics card,
as a replacement for VGA. Resolutions of 640x480 and 1024x768 are supported,
with up to 65,536 colors in the 640x480 mode. At the same time, IBM
joined the VESA group, making the XGA specification publicly available.
AT&T makes a US$6 billion hostile
takeover bid for NCR.
LSI Logic announces the availability of SparcKIT, a SPARC chipset at speeds
of 20-MHz and 25-MHz.
Sun Microsystems unveils its SPARCstation
2 series, starting at roughly US$20,000.
Ashton-Tate's lawsuit regarding the copyright on the Dbase language is
dismissed in court.
Advanced Micro Designs produces its first clone chips of Intel's
386, at speeds of 20, 25, and 33-MHz.
Apple Computer's AppleLink - Personal
Edition is expanded and renamed America Online.
IBM unveils its new RISC-based workstation
line, the RS/6000. Development work had been done under code name "America"
for the RISC chip research, and "RIOS" for systems using the America technology.
The architecture of the systems is given the name POWER, standing for Performance
Optimization With Enhanced RISC.