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Nazi plans for Australia

 

Even though Hitler and other Nazi leaders had declared that "National Socialism is not for export", there were tactical reasons for establishing Nazi Party branches in foreign countries.

In Australia, prior to the outbreak of the Second World War, there were small Nazi branches in Adelaide, Tanunda, Sydney, and Melbourne (Perth was in the throes of preparing a branch when war was declared). German archival records put the number of Nazi party members in Australia at 160; the Australian intelligence services had identified 136 members by July 1939.[1]

The Nazis were concerned with the Anglicization of the German ethic minority in Australia, and made moves to re-culturalise them in a German mould; to revive their sense of German descent and identity, especially with Nazi undertones.[2]

There was an expectation in the Nazi hierarchy that, should Japan win the war in the Pacific, that it would take over, or control, Australia in one form or another. The Nazi solution to this was to either relocate ethnic Germans to Germany, or to move them to a concentrated German-ethnic area within Australia such as in South Australia or by creating one in Tasmania.[3]

Although the German leadership were not privy to Japanese plans for the Pacific theatre, it was assumed that the Japanese had designs upon Australia as well as the various Pacific islands. This view was held by many people.

Hitler's view in 1941, recorded in Hitler's Table Talk was
    The Japanese are occupying all the islands, one after the other. They will get hold of Australia, too. The white race will disappear from those regions.[4]
Dr Joseph Goebbels, in his 10 March 1942 diary entry, wrote that
    "Cries of distress are heard from Australia… It has always been Tokyo's territorial aspiration to possess the fifth continent as territory for emigration".[5]
In 1942, Gordon Creighton, an Assistant Secretary at the British Embassy in Chungking, told Australian intelligence officers (who agreed with his view of Japanese intentions) that
    "Australia and New Zealand are included in their eventual dominions and are part of the empire at which they are aiming".[6]
In a national broadcast, on 3rd September 1942, Australia's Prime Minister, John Curtain, said
    "Today Port Moresby and Darwin are the Singapores of Australia. If those two places fall then, inevitably, we are faced with a bloody struggle on our soil when we will be forced to fight grimly, city by city, village by village, until our fair land may become a blackened ruin… Our fate is in the balance as I speak to you. The Battle of the Solomons is not only vital in itself, but, as part of a continuing action which will go on, it represents a phase of the Japanese drive in which is wrapped up invasion of Australia."[7]
Ren deGaris, who was in the RAAF's wireless intelligence in Darwin during the war, said
    "I don't think Australians at this stage realised how very close they were to a landing in Australia by the Japanese. The Coral Sea battle was a lot closer to an invasion of Australia than most people even now accept."[8]
Whilst some nowadays may be brought to think of Adolf Hitler as a White racist leader, with the interests of the White peoples at heart, such is far from the truth. Hitler was primarily a German imperialist, intent on expanding the lands, influence, and power of the "Greater German Reich".

Consider Hitler's dismissal of the fate of the Australian nation:
    "The descendants of the convicts in Australia should inspire in us nothing but a feeling of supreme indifference. If their vitality is not strong enough to enable them to increase at a rate proportionate to the size of the territories they occupy, that is their own look out, and it is no use their appealing to us for help. For my own part, I have no objection at all to seeing the surplus populations of prolific Asia being drawn, as to a magnet, to their empty spaces. Let them all work out their own salvation! And let me repeat - it is nothing to do with us."[9]
Countries such as Australia, Canada, and the United States of America had immigration restrictions in place to stop large-scale Asian immigration. South Africa and Rhodesia were run upon racial foundations, with White minority governments running those countries. And Australia had the "White Australia Policy" firmly in place. The Second World War, in which these countries fought against the Third Reich, was not a war for Germany to further the White race, but was rather a German war of territorial expansion - a fight for "lebensraum" (living space) as proposed by Hitler against Russia in his political testament, Mein Kampf.[10]

Hitler had fought in the great fraticidal conflict of the First World War, so possibly that had an influence upon him of not caring for the future of other White nations, especially for the future of such faraway nations as Australia. It is of interest to note that as an infantryman, during the First World War, Adolf Hitler fought against Australians when his regiment attacked the Wytschaete-Messines Ridge on 31st October 1914 (he served in the 1st company of the 16th Bavarian Regiment, known as the List Regiment). This was when Hitler was still a general infantryman, prior to his being selected as a dispatch runner. What will never be known is how many Australians were shot by Hitler himself.[11]

From the historical evidence available, it is clear that Adolf Hitler had no special interest in Australia, and would not have particularly cared if Australia was overrun and controlled by the Japanese. If the Nazi and Japanese imperialists won the war, then it would be likely that, as had happened with the German ethnic minorities in Russia, the Nazis would seek to relocate Australia's ethnic German population to Germany.






References


[1] John Perkins, "The swastika down under: Nazi activities in Australia", 1933-39, Journal of Contemporary History, London, Vol. 26, 1991, p.111-112

[2] John Perkins, "An old-style imperialist as National Socialist: Consul-General Dr Rudolf Asmis (1879-1945?)", in: John Milfull (editor), The Attractions of Fascism: Social Psychology and Aesthetics of the 'Triumph of the Right', Berg, New York, 19??, p.297
John Perkins, "The swastika down under: Nazi activities in Australia", 1933-39, Journal of Contemporary History, London, Vol. 26, 1991, p.123

[3] Geoffrey Dutton, "Doktor Kloss and the Nazi postwar plan", Reader's Digest, November 1979, p.202-203
John Perkins, "Dr Rudolf Asmis and the 'Rescue of Deutschtum' in Australia in the 1930s", Journal of the Royal Australian Historical Society, Vol. 73, Part 4, April 1988, p.308-309

[4] Hitler's Table Talk, 18th December 1941, noon, p.150, http://www.adolfhitler.ws/lib/books/table/css/table.htm, see http://www.adolfhitler.ws/lib/books/table/css/table_150.htm
Hitler had also made some seemingly contradictory comments regarding Australia's future:
       a) She's not capable of digesting India, and I doubt whether she has any interest in occupying Australia and New Zealand. If we preserve our connections with her, Japan will derive from this a great sense of security, and will feel that she has nothing more to fear from anybody at all.
Hitler's Table Talk, 6th February 1942, evening, p.301 http://www.adolfhitler.ws/lib/books/table/css/table.htm, see http://www.adolfhitler.ws/lib/books/table/css/table_301.htm
       b) Hitler: The others have whole continents - America, East Asia, or Russia. And then Australia - where seven million people have a whole continent. This was one of the wildest suggestions: the Prince of Windsor was saying at that time that we Germans should really settle north Australia. He always advocated our getting it. Then we would have settled it, and one fine day the English would have pocketed it.
Hewel: Australian agriculture is entirely German. The German element in Australia has been the most creative by far.
Hitler: That's quite clear. That's why he wanted to have us there, but I said no. We are not interested. Australia for the Australians.
Felix Gilbert (editor), Hitler Directs This War, Oxford University Press, London?, 1951, p. 25-26

[5] John Perkins, "Dr Rudolf Asmis and the 'Rescue of Deutschtum' in Australia in the 1930s", Journal of the Royal Australian Historical Society, Vol. 73, Part 4, April 1988, p.307

[6] John Perkins, "Dr Rudolf Asmis and the 'Rescue of Deutschtum' in Australia in the 1930s", Journal of the Royal Australian Historical Society, Vol. 73, Part 4, April 1988, p.307

[7] Joanna Penglase and David Horner, When the War Came To Australia: Memories of the Second World War, Allen & Unwin, St Leonards, NSW, 1992, p.123

[8] Joanna Penglase and David Horner, When the War Came To Australia: Memories of the Second World War, Allen & Unwin, St Leonards, NSW, 1992, p.126

[9] The Political Testament of Adolf Hitler: The Hitler-Bormann Documents, February-April 1945 http://www.globusz.com/ebooks/Testament/00000001.htm, see http://www.globusz.com/ebooks/Testament/00000013.htm

[10] Adolf Hitler, Mein Kampf, Hutchinson of Australia, Richmond South, Victoria, 1977, v.1 ch.4, p.128-129; v.2 ch.14, p.597-598

[11] F.C. McKenzie, Inside Adolf : An Examination of the Man, Clayton, Vic., Beaver House Publishing, 1993, p.60


 

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