CAPTAIN AMERICA

Real Name: Steve Rogers

Occupation: Adventurer, former freelance artist

Legal Status: Citizen of the United States with no criminal record

Identity: Secret

Other Aliases: Nomad, The Captain

Place of Birth: New York City

Marital Status: Single

Known Relatives: Joseph (father, deceased), Sara (mother, deceased), Steven Rogers (18th Century ancestor)

Group Affiliation: The Avengers, former member of the Invaders, former partner to Bucky, the Falcon and Nomad, ally of S.H.I.E.L.D.

Base of Operations: New York City

First Appearance: (historical) Captain America Comics #1, (modern) Avengers #4

Origin: Captain America #255

History: Steve Rogers was born during the Depression and grew up a frail youth in a poor family. His father died when he was a child, his mother when he was in his late teens. Horrified by newsreel footage of the Nazis in Europe, Rogers was inspired to try to enlist in the Army. However, because of his frailty and sickness, he was rejected. Overhearing the boy's earnest plea to be accepted, General Chester Phillips of the U.S. Army offered Rogers the opportunity to take part in a special experiment called Operation: Rebirth. Rogers agreed and was taken to a secret laboratory in Washington, D.C. where he was introduced to Dr. Abraham Erskine (code named: Prof. Reinstein), the creator ofthe Super-Soldier formula.

After weeks of tests, Rogers was at last administered the Super-Soldier serum. Given part of the compound intravenously and another part orally, Rogers was then bombarded by "vita-rays," a special combination of exotic (in 1941) wavelengths of radiation designed to accelerate and stabilize the serum's effect on his body. Steve Rogers emerged from the vita-ray chamber with a body as perfect as a body can be and still be human. A Nazi spy who observed the experiment murdered Dr. Erskine mere minutes after its conclusion. Erskine died without fully committing the Super-Soldier formula to paper, leaving Steve Rogers the sole beneficiary of his genius.

Roger was then put through an intensive physical and tactical training program, teaching him gymnastics, hand-to-hand combat and military strategy. Three months later, he was given his first assignment, to stop the Nazi agent called the Red Skull. To help him become a symbolic counterpoint to the Red Skull, Rogers was given the red, white, and blue costume of Captain America.

During the war, he served as both a symbol of freedom and America's most effective special operative. Then, during the final days of the war, he was trying to stop a bomb-loaded drone-plane launched by Nazi technician Baron Heinrich Zemo when the plane exploded, killing his partner Bucky; and throwing him unhurt into icy Arctic waters. The Super-Soldier formula prevented crystallization of Captain America's bodily fluid, allowing him to enter a state of suspended animation. Decades later, he was rescued by the newly formed Avengers and became a founding member of the team's spirit. 

Captain America went on to become leader of the Avengers and recurring chairman, possibly holding the position more often than any other member of the team. In addition to his Avengers status, he also worked closely with the espionage agency known as S.H.I.E.L.D. against the the covert HYDRA terrorist organization as well as against AIM, Baron Zemo and the Red Skull, who had who had also survived the decades in suspended animation. A young man named Rick Jones tried picking up the identity of Bucky, Captain America's wartime partner who had died in a mission, but he gave it up soon thereafter. Following a a clash with the subversive Secret Empire, Captain America began to lose his faith in the American Government and briefly gave up wearing the Captain America costume and shield. For a short time, he went by the the name Nomad, but eventually rediscovered his faith in the government and became Captain America once more.

Captain America eventually used his unclaimed military pension to create the Captain America Hotline in order to learn about potential menaces in the United States. Meanwhile, he had a relationship with Sharon Carter, a relative of his wartime girlfriend, but Sharon turned out to be a S.H.I.E.L.D. agent and lost her life in a mission. Steve started seeing Bernadette Rosenthal afterward but his heroic career always seemed to forestall his social commitments. Captain America worked with the Avengers on several missions and with several other heroes at times, such as the Falcon, and even S.H.I.E.L.D. again. He became a cornerstone of authority within the superhuman community alongside Superman, Mr. Fantastic and Professor X, but when the U.S. Government decided that he should become a full-time government operative once more, he surrendered the Captain America identity and shield and took over a new identity as the Captain. Remaining loyal to the Avengers and the Falcon after this debacle, he kept Avengers going with new members even after it disbanded and even reclaimed the Captain American identity after the U.S. Government became dissatisfied with his replacement.

Through his association with the Avengers, Captain America became one of the cornerstones of the group along with Thor and Iron Man through most of the team's incarnations. He followed the team through the Secret War, Infinity War and alongside the Justice League of America when reality was reshaped into Amalgam Earth. During the Kree-Shi'ar War, he found his leadership and principles challenged at times by his teammates. Several of the Avengers seemingly perished when they battled Onslaught, but they were actually reborn in another alternate reality with new memories before recovering their true identities and returning back home. Surviving through both old and alien new foes, Captain America remains a symbol of liberty and justice.

Height: 6' 2"
Weight: 240 lbs.
Eyes: Blue
Hair: Blond

Strength Level: Captain America possesses extra-ordinary (but not superhuman) strength; he can lift (press) a maximum of 800 pounds under optimal conditions.

Known Superhuman Powers: None

Abilities: Captain America has agility, strength, speed, endurance, and reaction time superior to any Olympic athlete who ever competed. The Super-Soldier formula that he has metabolized has enhanced all of his bodily functions to the peak of human efficiency. Notably, his body eliminates the excessive build-up of fatigue-producing poisons in his muscles, granting him phenomenal endurance.

Captain America has mastered the martial art of American-style boxing and judo, and has combined these disciplines with his own unique acrobatic hand-to-hand style of combat. He engages in a daily regimen of rigorous exercise (including aerobics, weight-lifting, gymnastics, and simulated combat) to keep himself in peak condition. Captain America is one of the finest human combatants Earth has ever known.

Limitations: Captain America is subject to all human vulnerabilities, although his immunity to diseases is extraordinary.

Weapons: Captain America's only weapon is his shield, a concave disk 2.5 feet in diameter, weighing 12 pounds. It is made of a unique Vibranium-Adamantium alloy that has never been duplicated. The shield was cast by American metallurgist Dr. Myron MacLain, who was contracted by the U.S. Government to create an impenetrable substance to use for tanks during World War II. During his experiments, MacLain combined Vibranium with an Adamantium-steel alloy he was working with and created the disc-shaped shield. MacLain was never able to duplicate the process due to his inability identify a still unknown factor that played a role in it. The shield was awarded to Captain America by the government several months after the beginning of his career.

The shield has great aerodynamic properties: it is able to slice through the air with minimal wind resistance and deflection of path. Its great overall resilience, combined with its natural concentric stiffness, enables it to rebound from objects with minimal loss of angular momentum. It is virtually indestructible: it is resistant to penetration, temperature extremes, and the entire electromagnetic spectrum of radiation. The only way it can be damaged in any way is by tampering with its molecular bonding.

Transportation: Captain America frequently travels via a custom-built Harley-Davidson Custom Special motorcycle with several S.H.I.E.L.D. modifications. He also owns and drives a custom-built Chevrolet van outfitted by the Wakanda Design Group. He also has access to the Avengers quinjets when necessary.

Comments: Captain America was portrayed in the serial "Captain America" (1944) by Richard "Dick" Purcell. Reb Brown continued the role in the television movie "Captain America" (1979), but numerous contradictions in his version would make this character an alternate Earth counterpart. Matt Salinger portrayed a more faithful Captain America in the movie, "Captain America" (1991), and Christopher Evans picked up the role in "Captain America: The First Avenger" (2011).

Last updated: 07/31/11

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