|the Sacred Round|
|The traditional Maya Calendar is extremely sophisticated and intriguing. In western society, we keep count of days of the week, which are named (Monday, Tuesday, etc.) , and days of the month, which are numbered (1, 2, and so on). The Maya Calendar, contrastingly, ran on a sequence of 20 named days in a month, and 13 numbered days (I will refer to each set of 13 days as a "Mayan week"). Every day would be named according to both of these cycles. For example, if today were the 5th day of the "Mayan week" and the 12th day of the month, the day would be expressed as 5 Eb'. The same name for one day would only occur ever 260 days (since 13 x 20 = 260). This cycle of 260 was called the |
|The Mayans also kept a solar calendar called |
In the Haab' calender, each day is expressed as the number, and the month. For example, the first month of the solar year, in days, would be written as 0 Pop, 1 Pop, 2 Pop...up to 19 Pop, and then the next day would be 0 Wo.
The combination of the Sacred Round and the Haab' is called the Calendar Round, only recurs every 52 years.
|Calendar round dates are only distinguishable for 52 years, so in order to record history, a more complex method of counting days was needed. The|
1 day is called 1
A date is expressed numerically, beginning with the B'ak'tun, and ending with the specific K'in. A Calendar Round date typically looks something like 188.8.131.52.9 4 Pop 12 Lamat (not a real date).
The mythical beginning of the Long Count was considered to be not 0.0.0.0.0, but 184.108.40.206.0, which went to 220.127.116.11.0, and then up to it's current count, which on December 21, 2012 will be back to 18.104.22.168.0. Contrary to popular belief, the Mayans didn't actually believe that the world would end on that date, though they did believe that there would be a major change in world order. Guess we'll just have to wait and find out.
Stuart, George E., and Stuart, Gene S.
Freidel, David, and Schele, Linda, and Parker, Joe.