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Home Remedies Chappel's Forever Loved Shih Tzu's







 
Home Remedies


Without professional advice and correct dosage rates, it is unwise to give medicines, herbal or otherwise, to your pets which have been prescribed or recommended for humans. You should seek veterinary care when your pet is ill or injured and not try to diagnose the problem yourself



Wounds

Flush a mild disinfectant into the wound under light pressure. You can use an eyedropper, turkey baster, bulb syringe, or a syringe.
You can use a disinfectant such as 0.001$-1% povidone-iodine (the more dilute solutions are less damaging to healthy tissue), 0.05% chlorhexidine, and 0.125%-0.5% sodium hypochlorite (one fourth to full strenght Dakin's solution), which can be made by diluting household bleach 1:10 to 1:40 with water.
You could also use hydrogen peroxide and the concentrate should only be about 3%.
Or you could use a Boric Acid solution. It comes in powdered form, and you can mix it up as per the directions on the bottle with distilled water.
Do not apply any oil-based antibiotic ointments or those containing the local anesthetic benzocaine. This may interfere with healing.
If possible, antibiotics should be administered by a veterinarian within 24 hours of injury
Examine daily for infection. If the wound becomes infected take your dog to your veterinarian.



Vomiting and Home Treatment of Vomiting

Vomiting is the forcible expulsion of stomach and/or intestinal contents through the mouth. Vomiting occurs commonly in dogs. It seems to be caused most often by irritation of the stomach, called simple gastritis.
Gastritis is usually caused by the ingestion of an irritant substance--for example, decomposed food, grass, aluminum foil, paper, or bones. The dog often first vomits food or another irritant material and later vomits clear or yellow fluid.
Dogs with gastric irritation may seek grass to eat, but grass eating is often an "enjoyable pastime" for dogs and not a sign of illness. They may or may not be interested in their normal food.
If your dog vomits once or twice, has no fever or obvious abdominal pain, and is no more than slightly depressed (inactive), you can probably treat the vomiting at home.

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It is time to seek veterinary help for vomiting if your dog vomits more than a few times, if the vomitus is ejected extremely forcefully, if there is blood in the vomitus or obvious abdominal pain, or if your dog seems particularly depressed or weak, has a fever, or retches unproductively, do not attempt to treat the condition at home.

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Even simple gastritis cannot always be treated successfully without the help of a veterinarian, and there are many other serious causes of vomiting, among them intestinal foreign bodies, bowel or stomach torsion (twisting) inflammation of the pancreas, kidney failure, and even certain forms of epilepsy.

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Some dogs, particularly young dogs used to eating several times a day, vomit during the hours preceding their regular meal. The vomitus usually looks like a frothy white or yellow fluid and is usually present in small amounts. This type of vomiting may be due to excess gastric acidity and can be controlled in several ways:

1. Feed two meal a day (morning and evening).
2. Allow free-choice feeding.
3. Administer an antacid before the time when vomiting usually occurs. This last method is the least desirable since prolonged use may stimulate even greater secretion of gastric secretions.

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Another not-very-serious type of vomiting experienced frequently by young dogs occurs following meals, usually those who gobble their food, overeat, and/or exercise excessively immediately following eating. If your dog is an after-meal vomiter, you can try the following:

1. If your dog normally eats with other animals, feed the one who vomits by him- or herself. Competition encourages food gulping.
2. Feed smaller meals more frequently.
3. Enforce rest after meals.
4. Try a food that has to be chewed before swallowing (e.g., large-size kibbles).

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Home Treatment For Vomiting
Never give a dog vomiting blood oral medications.


Do not feed your dog for twelve to twenty-four hours following vomiting. At the end of twelve hours , you can offer a very small amount of soft, bland food such as cooked rice and skinless chicken breast, pasta, or potatoes mixed with low-fat cottage cheese (9-to1 ratio). If your dog keeps this small meal down for about four hours, another small meal can be offered, then another about four hours later. If no further vomiting occurs, the next day's meals can be normal-sized portion of bland food and the following day you can return your dog to a regular diet. Water should be offered only in small amounts but frequently in order to combat the tendency to dehydrate that accompanies vomiting. Large amount of food or water distend the already irritated stomach and usually cause vomiting to recur. An easy way to have water available in small portions is to place ice cubes in the water bowl and allow the dog to drink the liquid that accumulates as the cubes melt.
Withholding food for 24 hours from very small dogs or puppies may lead to hypoglycemia (low blood sugar) and is dangerous. In this instance, withhold food for several hours and administer small amounts of honey, Karo syrup, or sugar water frequently during the period of food withdrawal.

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Medications
Doses vary widely from pet to pet, however, so be sure to ask your vet for advice.

1. Pepto-Bismol can be given. Give one teaspoon per 20 pounds of weight every four to six hours.
2. Kaopectate is helpful for digestive troubles. Give one teaspoon of Kaopectate for each ten pounds of weight every four hours.
3. Di Gel Liquid can be given up to 4 tbs. every 8 hours.
4. Maalox can be given up to 4 tbs. every 8 hours.
5. Antacid liquids for humans containing aluminum and/or magnesium hydroxide may help soothe the irritated stomach lining; however, the most important part of treatment is fasting! (Dose aluminum hydroxide antacids to provide 10mg per pound [22 mg/kg] of body weight every six hours.) If vomiting is present with diarrhea, drugs containing bismuth subsalicylate are best.

Do not give any preparations containing aspirin when your pet has upset stomach.



Taking a Temperature

Take the dog's temperature with a standard rectal thermometer, lubricated with vaseline. After the thermometer is shaken down it is placed gently into the dog's rectum until only one inch remains visible.

Leave it there for one minute.

A normal temperature for a dog is between 100 and 102.5 degrees. If it is above that the dog has a fever, if it is below that the dog is hypothermic and needs to be kept warmer.



Prevention of Tear Stains

Clip the stained hair under the eye and every day or every other day just apply a small amount of vaseline to the area (or KY jelley) so that the tears roll off.

You can also buy a product called diamond eyes and apply it to the eyes once a day to keep the tearing and staining to a minimum.



Baby Milk

1 can Pet brand condensed milk
1 can water
2 egg yolks (broken and strained from sac)
1 Tablespoon Karo syrup

Break the egg yolks and hold onto the sac... it stops up the bottle nipples.

This formula will work with all kinds of critters



Matted Coat

Dogs of any breed with coats one inch or longer must have regular grooming to prevent mat formation. Severe mats cause painful pulling of the skin, and mats often provide a place for parasites such as fleas and maggots to hide.

Use Cornstarch... sprinkle the cornstarch onto the mat (not too much), then pull the mat apart with your fingers. Start at the end's of the hair, dividing the mat in half, quarter etc. When finished breaking up the mat, run a comb through it for a nice finish.

If the mat becomes too large you may have to cut it away with scissors or clippers.



Low Blood Sugar

With low blood sugar (hypoglycemia) first aid treatment can help. Honey, syrup, or sugar water may reverse the problem for a puppy that begins to become confused or weak due to lack of eating properly, but only if it is given at the first signs of a problem, before collapse or seizures occur.

If a diabetic dog that has had too much insulin and shows signs of weakness is given sugar promptly, it can prevent further problems from developing.

Dosage depends on the size of the dog. Approximately a tablespoon given a little at a time is probably enough for a small dog, more for a larger dog.

Do not give anything orally if a dog is unconscious.

A veterinary checkup should be given once the dog is stabilized.



Heatstroke and Heat Exhaustion

Leaving your dog in a parked car in the summer (even with the window left a few inches open), can cause heatstroke within minutes.

Be aware that leaving your dog in a car parked in the shade does not assure that your dog will not become seriously overheated.

Shaded cars may still get very hot due to the the greenhouse effect, and the sun may also move enough to change shaded areas into sunny ones.

Dogs left in parked cars also at risk of being harrassed or stolen.

Heat exhaustion is often caused by over-exercising or running with a dog during hot weather.

Both heatstroke and heat exhaustion can result in brain damage, heart failure or even death in a short period of time.

Short muzzel and thick-coated breeds and mixes are particularly vulnerable, although any breed may be at risk.

Always bring cool water along when walking, running or hiking with your dog during hot weather.

To cool off an overheated dog, offer him plenty of water, then wet the dog's body and paws with cool water, then fan.

A dog's normal internal body temperature is between 100.5 degrees F and 02 degrees F.

If the dog experiences heatstroke or heat exhaustion, he should receive veterinary attention as soon as possible.



Itching

It is best to find out the source of the itch and treat it.

You can relieve your pet's itch with calomine lotion or an over the counter spray or lotion corticosteroid.

Sometimes adding vitamins such as vitamin C, Vitamin E, selenium and zinc will help (ask your veterinarian for the correct dose for your dog) or adding one teaspoon of safflower oil to your dog's food daily.

See the homeremedy for dry skin.

Don't rule out the possibility of allergies or the mange as a cause of your pet's itch or some underlying health problem.



Insect Stings

1. If sting is on a flat part of the skin easily seen, apply a freshly sliced onion or a cold compress for a few minutes.

2. Give your dog benydryl.1 to 2 mg per pound body weight.

3. Other ways to help your pet deal with a minor insect sting is to apply a paste of baking soda and water to the bite or sting several times a day. You can also use milk of magnesia and apply it directly to the bite to help reduce the itching and the irritation.

Removing the Stinger

If your pet is stung by a bee, wasp or hornet and you see the stinger, do not use your fingers or tweezers to remove stinger as it will squeeze more poison into the wound.

Holding a dull knife perpendicularly to the skin, scrape across area of sting a few times, this will grab the stinger and release it without pain. Put some calamine on the area once removed.

Severe Reaction

If your pet is stung in the mouth, nose or tongue, remove the stinger if you can and then watch your pet carefully. If your pet is stung at 10:00 and at 10:10 the swelling is big, then they are having a severe reaction to the sting and you should take your pet to see your veterinarian immediately.

A severe reaction to a sting can lead to difficulty in breathing and possibly death.

If your pet is stung at 10:00 and at 10:30 there is mild swelling and irritation, this is not a severe situation, but should still monitored.



Hot Spots

Keep It Clean

Clean the area with an antibacterial soap like phisoderm or any mild, nonperfumed soap.

Another way to keep it clean is to dab it with a cotton swab soaked in an antiseptic solution such as Betadine Solution.

If you can trim the hair away from the spot it will help you keep the spot clean.

Remedies

1. 2 Adult Aspirin
1 Tablespoon Rubbing Alcohol
1 Tea Bag [made into 1 cup of warm water]

Dissolve aspirin in alcohol; add to cup of tea. Let cool. Clip hair around spot. Apply to area with cotton ball. Follow with over-the-counter cortisone spray or creme. Repeat as necessary.

2. Soak a cotton ball in cooled, brewed "black tea". It's contains tannic acid which helps to dry up the area, and aid in healing.

3. Burow's Solution (aluminum acetate) three times a day will keep the area dry and promote healing. Burow's solution is available in pharmacies.

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Ease the Inflammation

1. Apply a thin layer of hydrocortisone cream. 1% concentration, twice daily.

2. Apply vitamin E gel (buy the capsules and open them) to the hot spot twice a day.

3. Apply the gel from an aloe vera plant.

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If the hot spot has not improved in 24 hours you should call a veterinarian. Hot spots can turn into dangerous bacterial infections.



Fleas

Fleas on your Pet

1. Give your dog 1/2 clove of crushed garlic, mixed in with your dog's food, once a day. Good bye, fleas. To keep your dog flea free, continue giving garlic everyday. Garlic is safe and promotes good digestive health.

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2. Brewer's yeast added to the diet has been touted as a sure cure for fleas, but recently information has come to light suggesting that the large amount of brewer's yeast necessary to eliminate fleas might cause health problems. Instead of adding brewer's yeast to your dog's diet, try sprinkling it on your pet. Thoroughly rub it into the coat to make sure it reaches the skin. It is best to do this outside, because the fleas cannot stand the smell of yeast and will jump off of your pet.

Note: you can use brewer's yeast in conjunction with garlic.

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3. Mix a few drops of the herb pennyroyal or eucalyptus oil into your pet's shampoo.

Note: Undiluted pennyroyal oil can be toxic and should never be used at full strenght.

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4. Use a flea spray on your dog. Sprays containing D-limonene or pyrethrins are effective and less toxic than some sprays.

Fleas in the Environment

1. For fleas in the house you can sprinkle table salt on carpets, floors, furniture, and in cracks and crevices around baseboards where fleas hide. Wait one or two hours and vacuum.

2. Vacuuming is an extremely effective, nontoxic way to keep the flea population down. Be sure to change the vacuum bag frequently when you have a flea problem, after each vacuuming is best. Or you can take the bag outside after each use and put it in direct sun which will kill the fleas inside. Then you can reuse the bag. If you have a big freezer you can also put the bag in the freezer to kill the fleas inside it.

3. Wash your pet's bedding at least once week.

4. Plug in a night light and put a wide pan partially filled with water underneath. Some will leap toward the light, fall in the pan and drown in the water.

5. You can sprinkle diatoms (diatomaceous earth) on carpeting and upholstered furniture. Diatoms are sold in pet stores.

6. For yard infestions use nematodes-microscopic worms. These are available at pet and garden stores.

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Hint: You can drown any fleas you find in alcohol



Fever and Pain

1. One way to lower your pet's temperature is with cool-water compresses. Soak a washcloth with cool water and pat his/her belly.

2. A cool bath for five to ten minutes will help bring fever down.

3. If your dog has a fever or minor aches you can give him buffered aspirin.You can give one-quarter of a 325-milligram tablet for every ten pounds once or twice a day, best taken on a full stomach. Never give acetaminophen (Tylenol) or ibuprofen (Advil).

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If your pet's fever last more than 24 hours or is over 103 F. then you will need to seek veterinary treatment for him/her.



Removing Hair From Ears

To pluck ear canal hair, grasp protruding hair with your fingers or a pair of tweezers and give a quick jerk. Hair in the ear canal usually comes out easily, and the plucking process does not seem to be painful if done properly and if the ear canal is not inflamed. Be careful not to tug on the hair just outside the ear canal--that hurts. Hair not easily removed by plucking may need to be clipped out.



Ear Treatment and Prevention

You can try a few different home remedies if your dog has reaccuring ear infections. First it is best to be sure that your dog does have an ear infection by having him/her checked out by your veterinarian.

The first remedy is 1/3 tea tree oil solution. 2/3 olive oil or any other light, non-toxic oil for the solution.

The second is 70% isopropyl alcohol, 10% povidone-iodine solution, or 0.5% chlorhexidine solution.

When using either of the remedies be sure to clean out the affected ear thoroughly with a rubber bulb syringe (being careful not to wedge the syringe in the ear, causing pressure to build up that can rupture the ear drum) filled with a warm antiseptic soap solution. Then you'll need to instill several drops of either of the rememdies mentioned above. If you see improvement 3-4 days, continue the treatment for two weeks. If no improvement.....seek professional help.

An easy home remedy to *prevent* ear infections (will not cure an existing one) is:

2 Tablespoons Boric Acid
4 oz Rubbing Alcohol
1 Tablespoon Glycerine

Shake well. Put 1 small eyedropperfull in each ear. Rub it around first, and then let the dog shake. Do this once a week and you shouldn't see any ear infections. It works by raising the pH level slightly inside the ear, making it less hospitable to bacteria.



Dry Skin and Dander

It's best to check with your vet before giving any human medication to pets.

Allergic Dermatitis

Freguent bathing (every one to two weeks) helps control the signs of Allergic Dermatitis in many dogs and also helps prevent secondary-- bacterial infection. Use a gentle hypoallergenic shampoo (for example, castile shampoo, baby shampoo or a veterinarian prescribed shampoo like "Vet Solutions" Aloe and Oatmeal Shampoo), never use soap or a detergent. If you find that bathing your dog makes it worse, don't continue.

Giving your dog Benedryl may also help. 1 to 2 mg per pound body weight every 8 hours.

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Dry Skin and Dander

1. You can use diluted Murphy's soap to bathe your dog if your dog suffers from dry skin, dander or even some allergies. The Murphy's soap will clean your dog as well as soothe it's skin. Always be sure to rinse the dog well.

2. If you suspect a deficiency of essential fatty acids you can supplement the diet with 1 teaspoon to 1 1/2 teaspoons (no more) per pound of dry food or poulty drippings, lard, bacon fat, or vegetable oil (safflower, corn, soybean, or cottonseed oil are good).

Canned foods containing 2%-3.5% fat can have fat added at about 1 tablespoon per pound can. Soft or moist foods containing more than 6% fat should not have fat added.

Fat should only supply 5%-20% of the diet's calories. Do not increase the fat content so that fat supplies more than 40% of the daily caloric requirment as this may induce other nutritional deficiences by lower total food consumption, so beware.

Skin improvement is usually seen in about 1-2 months.

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Primary (idiopathic) Seborrhea (dog's equivalent of dandruff)

This can be controlled (not cured) by frequent, regular bathing every 3 to 7 days with speical medicated shampoos that contain ingredients such as antiseptics, salicylic acid, coal tar and sulfur. In general, dry scales respond best to a mild, hypoallergenic, emollient shampoo followed by an emollient rinse. (example: bath oil, one capful to 1-2 quarts of water. ) Greasy types are best managed with products containing antiseptic degreasers such as benzoyl peroxide and drying agents such as sulfur, salicylic acid, or selenium disulfide. You can use some human antidandruff shampoos, but it is safest to obtain an antiseborrheic shampoo designed for dogs from your veterinarian as some formulations for people can be irritating to some dog's skin.

If regular bathing and good flea control does not help within a month then see your veterinarian.



Diarrhea

Do not feed your dog for twelve to twenty-four hours following a bout of diarrhea. Then you can offer a very small amount of soft, bland food such as cooked rice and skinless chicken breast, pasta, or potatoes mixed with low-fat cottage cheese (9-to1 ratio). Feed only small meals three or four times a day. Make the return to normal food a normal diet gradually over about a week's time by mixing in small quantities of the normal food with the bland diet.

Withholding food for 24 hours from very small dogs or puppies may lead to hypoglycemia (low blood sugar) and is dangerous. In this instance, withhold food for several hours and administer small amounts of honey, Karo syrup, or sugar water frequently during the period of food withdrawal.

You can give your dog Kaopectate, one teaspoon each ten pounds of weight every four hours.

You can also give these medications-

Pepto-Bismol- 1/4 teaspoonful per ten pounds of body weight every 6-8 hours.

Immodium- 0.5 milligrams per 10 pounds of body weight every six to eight hours.

If the diarrhea has not cleared up in 48 hours you will need to seek treatment for your dog from your veterinarian. Persistent or bloody diarrhea are the signs of serious illnesses and can quickly lead to death.



Cough

Children's over the counter cough suppressants containing dextromethorphan hydrobromide, 1mg/lb body weight every six hours can be administered if the cough is overly frequent and tires your dog.

Remember, however that a cough is a protective reflex designed to clear secretions from the larynx and airways and therefore should not be unduly suppressed.>br>
Cough suppressants mask signs but do not treat any disease.

If your dog has a fever or any other symptoms you should take him or her to your veterinarian.



Coprophagy (Stool Eating)

You should let a young dog know that coprophagy is not acceptable by voicing "no" in a firm and disgusted manner.

While working to change the behaviour, it is critical that the dog not have the opportunity to eat stool when unsupervised and you'll need to clean up the animal's stool immediately after he or she defecates.

1.Dietary changes may help. Allowing free access to food, adding good quality proteins such as eggs and cottage cheese.

2.Your dog could be lacking certain vitamins or minerals in their diet. Try adding a multivitamin to his/her food.

3.Adding the enzyme papain to the food will also sometimes prevent coprophagy. This can be done at home by sprinkling meat tenderizer containing papain on food.

4.Try sprinkling the waste with cayenne pepper. This will take the fun out of eating waste. Or better yet if you are able to clean up after your pet immediately after a bowel movement this will remove the temptation.

5.You can also try a product called FORBID that can be purchased from a pet supply dealer.




Constipation

If constipation is mild, not associated with other symptoms and doesn't last for 48 hours here are a few things you can do.

1.Feed your dog dry dog food. Dry dog food has more bulk than canned dog foods.

2.Water and bran (up to 5 tablespoons daily) added to the food may help.

3.You can try commercial preparations containing psylluim; (such as Metamucil) they are designed for humans and are sold in drugstores.

Metamucil dosage: 1/2 teaspoon twice a day to small pets and about 2 teaspoons twice a day to large dogs. Try mixing it with a small portion of canned food. Give your pet access to plenty of water.

4.Mix a tablespoon or two of canned pumpkin with your dogs pet food for several days or until the constipation has ended.

5.Milk will sometimes relieve constipation. Give 1/8 cup twice a day to small dogs and 1/2 cup twice a day to larger dogs.

6.Mineral oil (1 tablespoon per 10 pounds) will sometimes relieve more severe constipation. Do not use this all of the time as mineral oil will interfer with the absorption of oil-soluable vitamins.

Mineral oil should only be put in food and not forced orally

If your dog has reaccuring bouts of constipation take the dog to your veterinarian.







 

 

 







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