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London Transport
Central Area Routes 100–109

Last updated 28-08-06.

Route 100 operated for a short time in the late 1970s on various routeings in central London, taking in many places of interest. The route was changed every few years, but was not particuarly successful and was withdrawn after a few years. I do not have accurate details of exactly where each routeing ran. There were very few routes that had “E” plates with a red background.

An earlier route 100 (using conventional black on white “E” plates) ran daily between Barking (St. Paul’s Road) and Beckton Gas Works via Gascoigne Road, East Ham By-Pass and Jenkins Lane, providing an irregular service catering to workers at the gas works. In 1971 the Saturday and Sunday service was withdrawn and the Barking terminus was changed to London Road, and the route was withdrawn completely in 1972.

D 142
On a summer day in 1980, 55-year-old Dennis D142 [XX 9591] approaches the B(C)E9 stop at Charing Cross station.
Kevin McCormack photo; HLB
100 TOURIST BUS
100 VINTAGE BUS
On this plate the word “VINTAGE” has been signwritten onto the space where it previously read “TOURIST”. Many of these plates were officially altered by grinding off the original word and signwriting the new text on top.

104

Route 104 was introduced in 1961 as a trolleybus replacement route for the 609 and ran between Barnet Church and Moorgate via Whetstone, North Finchley, East Finchley, Highgate, Archway, Holloway, Highbury, Islington and Old Street Station. In 1971 it was withdrawn between North Finchley and Barnet and replaced by route 263 over this section. In 1985 the route was withdrawn and replaced by routes 17 and 43. Today’s route 104 runs between Stratford and Manor Park via Upton Park and East Ham.


Route 105 ran daily from Shepherd’s Bush (Wells Road) to Southall (Brent Road) via White City, Westway, East Acton, Western Avenue, Park Royal, Hanger Lane Station, Perivale, Greenford, Ruislip Road, Mornington Road, Somerset Road, Cornwall Avenue, Allenby Road, North Road, Carlyle Avenue, Lady Margaret Road and King Street, with a Sunday extension to Hayes Station via North Hyde Road. In 1958 it was extended daily to Hayes, replacing part of withdrawn route 83. In 1959 it was extended during Monday to Friday peak hours to Hayes North via Church Road and Lansbury Drive. In 1965 it was withdrawn completely between Hayes and Hayes North, being replaced by new route 195, and withdrawn between Southall and Hayes except for Sunday and Monday to Friday peak hours; however, just a year later it was extended on Saturdays from Southall to Hayes North Station, replacing route 195. In 1967 the Saturday service was extended from Hayes North to Charville Lane Estate, and a year later the Monday to Friday service was similarly extended, replacing the 195 on those days. Later that year Monday to Friday rush hour journeys were diverted from Brent Road to Arrow Switches Factory. In 1971 Monday to Saturday service was withdrawn between Southall (Brent Road) and Charville Lane Estate, and Sunday service was withdrawn beyond Southall (Town Hall), all replaced by a reintroduced route 195. In 1973 it was diverted at Southall (Western Road) to run to Heathrow Central via Cranford Lane, Cranford and Harlington Corner. At the same time the Arrow Switches journeys were withdrawn. In 1975 the route was split, with some Monday to Saturday journeys terminating at Southall (Havelock Estate). In 1982 the Shepherd’s Bush terminal was changed from Wells Road to Caxton Road, and the Monday to Saturday service was split into two sections: Shepherd’s Bush–Southall and Greenford Station–Heathrow. In 1983 it was converted to one-person-operation, and in 1984 diverted in the Dormers Wells Lane area, now running between Allenby Road and Southall via Dormers Wells Lane, Burns Avenue and Lady Margaret Road. In 1986 the route was extended from Heathrow Central via the Cargo Tunnel to Heathrow (Terminal 4). In 1988 the Havelock Estate service was withdrawn, replaced by new route E5. At the same time the Greenford terminal was moved from Greenford Station to Greenford (Red Lion) on Monday to Saturday evenings. In 1989 the 105 was withdrawn between Heathrow Central and Terminal 4. In 1992 the Monday to Saturday Shepherd’s Bush to Southall section was renumbered 95, the 105 now running between Shepherd’s Bush and Greenford on Sundays only.

105 MON-FRI EXCEPT RUSH HOURSThis “E” plate likely came from Brent Road when the Arrow Switches Factory rush hour diversion ran, from 1968 to 1973.
RT 1401
RT 1401 in 1973 or 1974 at the East Acton stand, where a B(C)E6 stop is in the background.
Peter Relf photo, from www.busesatwork.co.uk

106
Route 106 ran daily from Finsbury Park Station to Becontree (Chittys Lane) via Brownswood Road, Lordship Park, Stoke Newington, Clapton, Hackney, Bethnal Green, Roman Road, Grove Road, Mile End, Burdett Road, Timothy Road, Limehouse, Commercial Road, Poplar, Canning Town, Beckton Road, East Ham & Barking By-Pass, Movers Lane, Ripple Road, Barking, Longbridge Road, Bennetts Castle Lane and Green Lane. In 1958 the Sunday service was rerouted at Barking to Dagenham and renumbered 106A. In 1959 the route was rerouted at Mile End direct via Burdett Road instead of Timothy Road. In 1971 it was withdrawn between Poplar (Blackwall Tunnel) and Becontree, but Sunday service was reinstated, although terminating at Plimsoll Road in Finsbury Park rather than the Underground station. In 1983 it was extended Monday to Saturday shopping hours from Poplar to Isle of Dogs (District Centre) via Manchester Road and East Ferry Road. The following year the shopping hours extension was rerouted on the Isle of Dogs via Marshwall and Limeharbour instead of East Ferry Road. In 1986 the 106 was further extended during the Monday to Friday morning peak extended from Isle of Dogs District Centre to the Asda Store. In 1989 it was withdrawn on Monday to Saturday between Mile End Gate and Isle of Dogs. In 1991 the route was rerouted on Monday to Saturday evenings to Poplar from Bethnal Green Station over the Sunday routeing, and was further extended during early evenings to Isle of Dogs (Asda). In 1992 it was withdrawn between Bethnal Green (Mile End Gate) and Isle of Dogs, but was extended from Mile End Gate to Whitechapel (Durward Street) a year later.

Over the years the 106 was operated by STDs, STLs, RTs, RTLs, RTWs, Routemasters (RM), DMSs, Titans (T), Metrobuses (M), Darts (PD) and Trident 2s (TAS) operated from most of the east-end garages: Ash Grove [AG], Clapton [CT], Clay Hall [CL], Dalston [D], Hackney [H], Leyton [T], Poplar [PR], Tottenham [AR], Docklands Transit and Stagecoach East London (Stratford Base [SD]).


Route 107 ran on Mondays to Saturdays from Borehamwood (Drayton Road) to Ponders End (Durrants Road) via Elstree Way, Barnet By-Pass, Stirling Corner, Arkley, Barnet Church, New Barnet, Oakwood, Enfield Chase and Enfield Town, extended during rush hours to Ponders End Station. In 1954 it was extended from Borehamwood to Queensbury via Elstree Hill, Brockley Hill, Watford By-Pass, Edgwarebury Lane, Edgware and Camrose Avenue. In 1957 it was diverted away from Barnet By-Pass to run via Furzehill Drive, Ashley Drive, Balmoral Drive, Chester Road, Warwick Road and Elstree Way. In 1972 it was diverted at Ponders End to Enfield lock (RSA Factory) and introduced on Sundays between Edgware Station and Enfield Lock. In 1977 it was withdrawn on Mondays to Fridays between Enfield Highway and Enfield Lock and replaced by new roure 107A, but in 1979 the 107A was withdrawn and the 107 re-extended to Enfield Lock. In 1982 it was rerouted at Ponders End to Brimsdown Station replacing route 135. In 1984 the Sunday service was extended from Edgware to Queensbury. In 1986 it was withdrawn between New Barnet Station and Brimsdown and replaced by new route 307. In 1993 it was withdrawn between Edgware Station and Queensbury and replaced by route 288.

Timetable leaflet for the OPO conversion of route 107 implemented on 9 September 1972, with print code 672/2637S/60,000. This fold-out leaflet has brief details of the changes and a fare table on the front. Inside are bus stop timetables for the service and on the back are diagrams showing how to use split entrance buses.
107
This plate probably dates from 1972 when the route became daily and was being worked from Enfield [E] Garage with DMS-type Fleetline buses.
107 MON-FRI RUSH HOURS
This “E” plate is from the rush hours extension between Durrants Road and Ponders End Station.

107A MON-FRI SPECIAL JOURNEYS

Route 107A was introduced in 1977 as a replacement for part of route 107, running Mondays to Fridays between Enfield lock and Queensbury Station via Ponders End, Enfield Town, Enfield Chase, Oakwood, New Barnet, High Barnet, Arkley, Stirling Corner, Borehamwood, Elstree, Canons Corner and Edgware. The 107A was withdrawn after only two years when the main 107 service was revised.

This plate must have come from a special stop at a stand working that was not often used, since there was a regular service over the whole of the main route described above. This combination of wording must therefore be rather unusual, and might have appeared on just a single stop.


Route 108 ran daily between Bromley-by-Bow (Edgar Road) and Crystal Palace via Poplar, Blackwall Tunnel, Blackwall Lane, Westcombe Hill, Blackheath, Lewisham, Catford, Perry Hill, Lower Sydenham and Westwood Hill. In 1960 the Monday to Friday service was withdrawn between Lower Sydenham and Crystal Palace and replaced by new route 108B. In 1968 it was withdrawn completely between Blackheath (Royal Standard) and Crystal Palace and converted to single-deck one-man-operation. In 1970 it was extended daily from Blackheath to Eltham Church via Rochester Way and Kidbrooke, and further extended on Mondays to Saturdays to Eltham (Southend Crescent). In 1977 it was extended on Mondays to Saturdays from Bromley-by-Bow to Stratford (Bus Station). In 1978 the route was revised to run daily between Stratford and Eltham (Southend Crescent). In 1986 it was rerouted at Blackheath to run to Lewisham, and replaced to Eltham by new route 286. In 1988 the 108 was extended from Stratford to Wanstead Station via Maryland and Leytonstone to partly replace route 10. In 1989 under LRT tendering the route was operated by Boroline Maidstone, and transferred to Kentish Bus in 1992. In 1993 it was withdrawn between Stratford and Wanstead. In 1997 the route was transferred to Harris Bus, and in 1998 it was rerouted via North Greenwich. In 2000 the route was taken over by East Thames Buses.

This “E” plate will be extremely rare as is likely to have come from a single stop, possibly at Bromley-by-Bow, where buses terminated at certain times.

108SB SEE BELOW

108A

Route 108A ran between Eltham (Well Hall Road) and Poplar via Rochester Way, Old Dover Road, Westcombe Hill, Woolwich Road, Blackwall Lane, Tunnel Avenue and Blackwall Tunnel. It was extended on Mondays to Saturdays except rush hours and all day Sundays to Bromley-by-Bow (Edgar Road). In 1951 it was extended in Eltham to Southend Crescent, and revised to run to Bromley-by-Bow at all times. In 1960 it was withdrawn on Mondays to Fridays except during rush hours. In 1968 it was withdrawn between Woolwich Road and Bromley-by-Bow and diverted instead to Greenwich (Ship & Billet) daily, extended to Greenwich Church on Mondays to Saturdays, and further extended during Monday to Friday rush hours to Surrey Docks Station. Some early morning journeys on Saturdays were extended through to London Bridge Station. The Sunday service was also withdrawn between Eltham Church and Southend Crescent. The route was withdrawn in 1970.


Route 109 was introduced in April 1951 as a tram replacement service running daily between Purley and Victoria Embankment via South Croydon, Croydon, West Croydon, Thornton Heath Pond, Norbury, Streatham, Brixton and Kennington, and then either via Elephant & Castle and Blackfriars, or via Westminster. Buses followed the Embankment loop both ways round. Over the years, the level of service to Victoria Embankment was reduced, and in 1958 the Sunday service was withdrawn apart from a few early morning journeys, which in 1970 became single-deck one-man-operated. In 1978 a daytime Sunday service was reintroduced between South Croydon Garage and Brixton Station. In 1985 the route was withdrawn between South Croydon and Purley, and the Sunday service was withdrawn completely. In 1986 the route was revised to run from Croydon (Park Street) to the Victoria Embankment loop on Mondays to Fridays, or to terminate at Trafalgar Square via Westminster on Saturdays, and the following year the 109 was converted to one-man-operation and the Monday to Friday service was rerouted to Trafalgar Square instead of Victoria Embankment. A Sunday service was again reintroduced in 1989, and the route was re-extended to Purley, although once again cut back to Croydon (Park Street) in 1998. In 1999 it was withdrawn between Brixton Station and Trafalgar Square, this section being covered by the 159.

Route 155 ran daily between Wimbledon Station and Victoria Embankment via South Wimbledon, Merton, Colliers Wood, Tooting, Balham, Clapham, Stockwell and Kennington, then either via Elephant & Castle and Blackfriars, or via Westminster. The Saturday p.m. and Sunday services were withdrawn between Elephant & Castle and Victoria Embankment. In 1966 it was extended on Sundays from Wimbledon to Hersham Station via Raynes Park, New Malden, Norbiton, Kingston, Hampton Court, East Molesey and Walton-on-Thames. Later in 1966 the Monday to Friday service to Victoria Embankment was reduced to peak hours only. In 1969 the Sunday service was withdrawn between West Molesey and Hersham, and north of Clapham Common. The Sunday service was withdrawn in 1973 and replaced by route 131. In 1984 the journeys via Victoria Embankment were replaced by journeys to Aldwych via Waterloo, and these became Monday to Friday peak hours only in 1986. It was withdrawn completely north of Elephant & Castle in 1987. In 1990 it was rerouted at Stockwell to run instead to Vauxhall Station, and a Sunday service was introduced later that year. In 1992 it was withdrawn between Stockwell Station and Vauxhall, and in 1996 it was again extended to Elephant & Castle. In 1999 it was extended from Wimbledon to Tooting (St. George’s Hospital).

109

← This “E” plate probably dates from the 1970-1985 period when a daily service was operated on the 109. At that time it was being worked by Brixton [BN] and Thornton Heath [TH] garages using Routemasters and Fleetlines.


Routes 109 and 155 ran together between Kennington and Victoria Embankment. This plate likely came from the vicinity of Kennington where the two services split to cross the Thames via either the Blackfriars or Westminster bridges. Needless to say, this “E” plate is an exceptionally rare one with such specific wording. →

109 WEEKDAY - 155 MON-FRI RUSH HOURS VIA BLACKFRIARS
Route 109 time-card
A conductor’s time-card for route 109 from 30th June.
109 WEEKDAY
“E” plates showing “WEEKDAY” tend to be rather old, as this expression became ambiguous as more and more people ceased working a six-day week, and was replaced by “MON-FRI” or “MON-SAT” as appropriate.
109 WEEKDAY FARE STAGE
An “E” plate showing both “WEEKDAY” and “FARE STAGE” is far less common.
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