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There are different variables for classification of rape. Involved are the different modes of the offender, which are hostile, controlling, stealing, or involving, as well as the reasons for rape being about sex, power, anger, or aggression. In David Canter et al. article “Differentiating Sex Offenses: A Behaviorally Based Thematic Classification of a Stranger Rapes” it says that “after two decades of research the result is a classification scheme that allows rapists to be assigned to one of five rape types based primary motivations of opportunism, pervasive anger, sadistic sexuality, non-sadistic sexuality, and vindictiveness.”

       The figure below is from Canter et al.’s article “Differentiating Sex Offenses: A Behaviorally Based Thematic Classification of a Stranger Rapes”. It shows the four modes of the offender and how much of each violation they involve.  For hostile offenders rape is an act of obliteration instead of a way to satisfy sexual needs and is based on anger. “Behaviors typical of this offending style include verbal violence, insulting or demeaning language, tearing the victim’s clothing and gratuitous violence” ( Canter et al.). Controlling offenders view the victim as an object, which must be forced and bound. They have no feelings of guilt or empathy for the victim, and feel no remorse for the crimes they commit. Theft used to be considered as part of the control mode; however, the offender looks more towards other fulfillment than the rape aspect and steals from the victim.  For some offenders the main reason they want to commit this crime is for sexual intimacy. This is called involvement. The offender tells the victim things about himself and asks the victim questions about him or her. Sometime they compliment the victim or even apologize for the crime.

Classifying Rape

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Source: Canter, David V. Ph.D, Craig Bennell, Ph.D., Laurence J., Alison, Ph.D., and Steve Reddy. “Differentiating sex offences: A behaviorally based thematic classification of stranger rapes.” Behavioral Sciences and the Law. 21.2 (2003): 157-174.