Nobody and Nobody is Perfect
To increase female adolescent participation in Physical activity through motivaional tools
Participation Motivation Questionnaire (PMQ)
The PMQ is a useful psychometric instrument to measure individual’s reasons or motivations for participating in physical activity. As a teacher you can use this questionnaire on your students to identify what motivates them to be physically active. Through identification of these motivations you will be able to adjust your lesson programs and activities to suit the desires of your students. In doing so, you will help to motivate students by giving them activities that they want to partake in and to breakdown the barriers that prevent motivated sports participation.
You may hand this questionnaire out to your students to identify their motives for exercise. To complete, please ask them to circle the answer they believe best applies to them. 1- Very Important 2- Somewhat Important and 3- Not at all Important
(Adapted from Gill, D.L., Gross, J.B., and Huddleston, S. 1983)
In addition to this questionnaire you may also ask your students to rank four general objectives from most important to least important, starting from 1 to 4.
The objectives are;
· Skill development
· Social development
This rank can be used by teachers on their students as a quick and general overview on what their primary motivations are.
After completion of these questionnaire’s you will able to identify what motivates your students and observe any similarities or differences between students as well as males and females. For ideas on how to motivate your students in physical education practical classes See Tips for Teachers.
Send mail to
questions or comments about this web site.