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Huanucopampa - Peru - Inca Capital of the Chinchaysuyo

GENERAL INFORMATION

PERU'S TRAVEL PLANNER
TREKKING & BACKPACKING CLUB
PERU'S ROYAL INCATRAILS

CHRONOLOGICAL DATES IN THE HUANUCO AREA
Peru Info.
YEAREPOCHHUANUCO AREASITES
  • 1600
ColoniaColoniaLeon de Huanuco
  • 1539
  • 1440
Inca EmpireInca InfluenceHuanuco Pampa
  • 1300
  • 1100
  • 900
Regional States
  • Chupaichus
  • Yacha
  • Wamali
  • Ichu
  • Wakan
  • Susupillo
  • 700
  • 500
Wari Empire??
  • 200
  • DC
  • AC
  • 200
Regional Development
  • Higueras
  • Kotosh
  • San Blas
Kotosh
  • 500
Formative
  • Kotosh Sajarapatac
  • Kotosh Chavin
Kotosh
  • 900
  • 1500
  • 2400
  • 4000
Archaic
  • Kotosh Kotosh
  • Kotosh Wairajirca
  • Kotosh Mito
  • Lauricocha III
Lauricocha
  • 7400
  • 8000
Lithic
  • Lauricocha II
  • Lauricocha I
Lauricocha

HUANUCOPAMPA OR HUANUCO VIEJO

Following the Inca road that started in Yanahuanca towards Quito, there is an important administrative Inca center and Tambo, known today as Huanucopampa, located 6 km. from La Union on a plateau, at 3,600 mts. above sea level. Huanucopampa has been object of special interest for chroniclers and history writers whom have classified this place as Inca style. The chroniclers that have mentioned it in its scripts are Miguel de Estete, Francisco Jerez, Sanchez de La Hoz, Cieza de Leon, Diego Aguilar y de Cordova, Huaman Poma de Ayala and the Inca Garcilazo de La Vega. Also the historians that have done research on it are Tschudi, Middendorf, Haencke, Squire, Eierner, Antonio Raymondi (1857), Jose Varallanos(1939) and Cesar Garcia Rossel(1942).

Resuming the studies that have been done in the ruin and according to its location it has been divided into 4 groups.

The first one is the USHNO (Inca Castle), a big rectangular building, with a out roof, constructed on a platform, located at the center of this great terrace. The walls of this fortress were built of big rocks, carved and carefully put together. Garcia Rosell says that the rocks were carved with copper tools.

 

 

The second group, LAS PORTADA, close by the Ushno, formed by rectangular buildings. They are divided in 4 parallel compartments or rooms and a series of trapezoid doorways that go across the central part. Each compartment has a different size and the doorways have monolithic lintels, which have 2 rocks carved on high relief with animal representations. On one of the walls of a room, it has holes, which its presumed that it was used, to put through a rope and used to execute criminals.

 

On this group, also is included the CASA INCA (Royal Palace), which has 2 rectangular rooms with 2 big patios, which the walls are missing. There was 7 pools of carved rock known as the Inca's Baths.

 

 

The third group,  the ACLLAWASI, that are rooms in different shapes, surrounded by a rock wall, at the north-east of the castle. Finally, the forth group, west of the castle HOUSES & COLCAS. The houses formed 4 rows, almost horizontal with the hills, giving the aspect of streets. Its suppose to be a group of rooms that were used as storage for food (Tambos).

Huanucopampa had an extension of almost a kilometer long and about 200 meters wide. In this place it was founded, the city of Leon de Huanuco, which later on it was moved to the Huallaga valley.

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Last Update: 19/Feb/2013      (C) COPYRIGHT 2013      ALL RIGHTS RESERVED