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United States History to 1865

Unit I: History 106/Reading-Lecture Guide

Topic: The Clash of Cultures: Dr. Mark Mraz

assignment: Chapter 1(check: Maps pp. 6,8,11,14,20,25,32,41)

A. Focus

1. Pre-Columbian Civilizations

2. The Emergence of Europe and Exploration

3. The Spanish Empire

B. People, Places, Events

1. Beringa 21. Sir Walter Raleigh

2. Viking settlements 22. smallpox

3. maze 23. Vasco Nunez de Balboa

4. Mayans 24. Ferdinand Magellan

5. Toltecs 25. New World

6. Hopewell 26. "Gold, Glory and God"

7. Zuni 27. Herando Cortez

8. Anasazi 28. Montezuma

9. dry farming 29. Francisco Pizarro

10. Hopi 30. encomienda

11. Eric the Red 31. A Brief Relation of the

12. Thorvald Eriksson Destruction of the Indies

13. Johann Gutenburg 32. hacienda

14. Marco Polo 33. Tenochititlan

15. Crusades 34. Ponce de Leon

16. Prince Henry 35. Herando de Soto

17. Columbus 36. St Augustine

a. Ferdinand and Isabella 37. Martin Luther

b. Santa Maria 38. John Calvin

c. October 12, 1492 39. Anglican Church

d. Columbian landfall 40. Elizabeth I

18. Treaty of Tordesillas 41. Henry VIII

19. Amerigo Vespucci 42. Giovanni da Verrazano

20. Martin Waldseemuller 43. Jacques Cartier

44. Sea Dogges 51. Lost Colony

45. Sir Francis Drake 52. "Croatoan"

46. Spanish Armada

47. "Protestant Wind"

48. Richard Hakluyt

49. John White

50. Virginia Dare

Topic: England and Its Colonies

assignment: Chapter 2 (check Maps: pp. 54,64,67,71,85,97,100-101)

A. Focus

1. The English background to colonialism

2. The English in the New World

3. Colonial America

B. People, Places, Events

1. Wars of the Roses 21. The Dutch

2. Magna Carta 22. William Byd

3. James I 23. Tuscarora

4. Charles I 24. Yamasee War

5. Virginia 25. Henry Hudson

a. Jamestown 26. Peter Minuit

b. Powhatan 27. New Sweden

c. John Smith 28. Washington Irving

d. Lord De La Warr 29. "Five Nations"

e. John Rolfe 30. Iroquois

f. Pocahantas 31. William Penn

g. "rights of Englishmen" a. Quakers

6. indentured servants b. "Penn's Woods"

7. FFV c. "The Holy Experiment"

8. Bacon's Rebellion

a. Tidewater vs Piedmont

b. William Berkley

c. Nathaniel Bacon

9. Purtians-Plymouth Colony

a. Separatists

b. The Mayflower

c. William Bradford

d. The Mayflower Compact

e. Squanto

f. John Winthrop- "a city upon a hill"

10. Roger Williams

11. Anne Hutchinson

12. "Covenant of Work"

13. Pequot War

14. John Mason

15. "slash and burn"

16. Sassacus

17. Treaty of Hartford

18. John Eliot

19. King Philip's War (Metacomet's War)

20. Oliver Cromwell

Topic: Colonial Ways of Life

assignment: Chapter 3 (check: Maps pp. 122,135,145)

A. Focus

1. The society of the American colonies

2. The Enlightenment and the Great Awakening in America

3. Colonial cities and economies

B. People, Places, Events

1. Benjamin Franklin 31. John Bartram

2. "stairstep" pattern of childbearing 32. Benjamin Franklin

3. "weaker vessels" a. Pennsylvania Gazette

4. Lucy Winthrop Downing b. Poor richard's Almanac

5. Lucy Parke Byrd c. Experiments and Observations

6. "women's work" on Electricity

7. headright system 33. universal free education

8. slavery 34. Boston Latin Grammar School

9. convicts 35. Harvard

10. African slave trade 36. "Log College"

11. Mandingo, Ibo, Kongo 37. College of New Jersey

12. slave culture 38. George Whitefield

13. Gentry 39. Jonathan Edwards

14. FFV 40. "Great Awakening"

15. Anglicans

16. Puritan, Quaker, Baptist

17. the New England town

18. Triangular Trade

19. the Middle Passage

20. "A"

21. Half-Way Covenant

22. witchcraft hysteria

a. Salem Village

b. Tituba

c. Sarah Good

d. Sarah Osborne

23. "Pennsylvania Dutch"

24. Lumbee Indians

25. Pennsylvania

26. Scotch-Irish

27. John Peter Zenger

28. the Enlightenment

a. Copernicus, Newton, Locke

b. Reason and Virtue

29. John Winthrop IV

30. David Rittenhouse

Topic:The Imperial Perspective

assignment: Chapter 4 (check: Maps pp. 181,189,194,195)

A. Focus

1. The English administration of the colonies

2. The Colonial Wars for control of America

B. People, Places, Events

1. Privy Council 31. Albany Congress

2. Charles I 32. Cajuns

3. William Laud 33. British Power

4. Ferdinando Gorges

5. English Civil War, Cromwell's Commonwealth

6. Charles II

7. mercantilists

8. Navigation Acts

9. Plantation Duty Act

10. Edward Randolph

11. Edmund Andros

12. James II

13. Glorious Revolution

14. Robert Walpole

15. Edmund Burke

16. William Pitt

17. self government

18. mestizos

19. Samuel de Champlain

20. Cardinal Richelieu

21. Jesuits

22. Louis XIV

23. Jean Baptiste Colbert

24. Joliet and Marquette

25. Colonial Wars

a. England vs France

b. King William's War

c. Queen Anne's War

d. King George's War

e. French and Indian War

26. War of Jenkin's Ear

27. James Oglethrope

28. Marquis Duquesne

29. George Washington

30. Fort Necessity

Topic: From Empire to Independence

assignment: Chapter 5 (check: Maps pp. 203,228)

A. Focus

1. British politics and policies in America

2. Discontent with British policies in America

3. American's declare their Independence from England

B. People, Places, Events

1. George III 31. Boston Massacre

2. "writs of assistance" 32. Crispus Attucks

3. James Otis 33. Thomas Hutchinson

4. Whigs 34. Ethan Allen and the Green Mountain

5. Proclamation of 1763 Boys

6. Treaty of Locaber 35. "Paxton Boys"

7. Daniel Boone 36. "Regulators"

8. George Grenville 37. John Wilkes

9. Molasses Act of 1733 38. Gaspee

10. Revenue Act of 1764 39. Tea Act of 1773

11. Currency Act of 1764 40. Committees of Correspondence

12. Sugar Act 41. Boston Tea Party

13. Stamp Act 42. Coercive Acts

14. Quartering Act 43. Thomas Gage

15. "Real Whigs" 44. Quebec Act

16. Patrick Henry 45. "Continental Congress"

17. "no taxation without representation" 46. First Continental Congress

18. The Rights of British Colonists Asserted and Proved

19. Sons of Liberty 47. Joseph Galloway

20. "Liberty Tree" 49. Continental Association

21. Stamp Act Congress 50. minute men

22. Declaratory Act 51. John Pitcairn

23. Horace Walpole 52. Paul Revere, William Dawes

24. Townshend Acts 53. Lexington and Concord

25. Revenue Act of 1767 54. Second Continential Congress

a. "external taxes" 55. Bunker Hill

b. glass, lead, paper, tea 56. William Howe

26. John Dickinson 57. Olive Branch Petition

27. Samuel Adams 58. Benjamin Franklin

28. John Handcock 59. Thomas Paine

29. nonimportattion agreements 60. Richard Henry Lee

30. "lobster backs"

61. July 4, 1776

62. Declaration of Independence

Topic: The American Revolution

assignment: Chapter 6 (check: Maps pp. 248,254,261,264,271)

A. Focus

1. George Washington's leadership during the revolution

2. The course of the revolution

3. The outcome of the revolution

4. The Emergence of American Culture

B. People, Places, Events 35. social revolutions

1. General William Howe 36. Benjamin Latrobe

2. Thomas Paine 37. paradox of slavery

a. Common Sense 38. Elizabeth Freeman

b. The American Crisis 39. Ester Reed

3. Battle of Trenton 40. Mary Ludwig Hayes

4. Battle of Princeton 41. Deborah Sampson

5. Patriots vs Tories 42. Abigail Adams

6. Hessians 43. Mercy Otis Warren

7. Continental Army 44. Freedom of Religion

8. Nathaniela Greene 45. American Culture

9. Continental dollars a. Benjamin West

10. "Gentleman Johnny" Burgoyne b. John Singleton

11. Battle of Saratoga Copley

12. Horatio Gates c. John Trumbull

13. Benedict Arnold d. Charles Willson

14. Silas Deane Peale

15. Ben Franklin e. Benjamin Rush

16. "shot heard around the world" f. Noah Webster

17. Valley Forge 46. The Blue-Backed

18. George Rogers Clark Speller

19. Jospeh Brant

20. John Sullivan

21. Daniel Boone

22. Charleston

23. Lord Cornwallis

24. "Bloody" Tarleton

25. Francis Marion

26. John Andre

27. John Paul Jones

28. Admiral De Grasse

29. General Rochambeau

30. Battle of Yorktown

31. "The World Turned Upside Down"

32. social contract

33. popular sovereignty

34. Articles of Confederation

Unit II: History 106/ Lecture Guide

Topic: Shaping A Federal Union

assignment: Chapter 7 (check: Maps pp. 295,297,323)

A. Focus

1. The Confederation Period

2. Framing the Constitution

B. People, Places, Events

1. Robert Morris

2. Newburgh Conspiracy

3. Western Reserve

4. Land Ordinance of 1785

5. Northwest Ordinance

6. Mason-Dixon Line

7. Treaty of Fort Sanwix

8. Treaty of Hopewell

9. Adam Smith

10. mechanics

11. shortage of cash

12. Daniel Shays

13. Noah Webster

14. Patrick Henry

15. John Dickinson

16. Benjamin Franklin

17. James Madison

18. Virginia Plan

19. New Jersey Plan

20. Great Compromise

21. Connecticut Compromise

22. Charles A. Beard

23. The Federalist

24. Alexander Hamilton

25. Thomas Jefferson

26. Anti-Federalists

27. Three-Fifths Compromise

28. The Peculiar Institution

29. The Bill of Rights

Topic: The Federalists: Washington and Adams

assignment: Chapter 8 (check: Maps pp. 349,352,367)

A. Focus

1. The Washington and Adams Administrations

2. Hamilton versus Jefferson

3. Problems foreign and domestic

B. People, Places, Events

1. John Jay

2. James Madison

3. Alexander Hamilton

a. First Report on Public Credit

b. Second Report on Public Credit

c. Report on Manufacturing

4. sectionalism

5. Article 1 Section 8

6. United States Bank

7. Republican Alternative

8. Thomas Jefferson

9. Washington's Cabinet

10. John Fenno

11. Philip Freueau

12. Citizen Genet

13. Jay's Treaty

14. General "Mad Anthony" Wayne

15. Battle of Fallen Timbers

16. Whiskey Rebellion

17. Pinckney's Treaty

18. Treaty of Greenville

19. Land Act of 1796

20. Washington's Farewell Address

21. John Adams

22. XYZ Affair

23. George Logan

24. Alien and Sedition Acts

25. Kentucky and Virginia Resolutions

26. Election of 1800

27. Midnight Judges

28. "We are all Federalists, we are all Republicans!"

29. Judiciary Act of 1801

Topic: Republicanism: Jefferson and Madison

assignment: Chapter 9 (check Maps: pp. 381,397,399)

A. Focus

1. Jeffersonian Democracy

2. Madison's Administration

3. The War of 1812

B. People, Places, Events

1. Pierre L'Enfant

2. "We are all Republicans-We are all Federalists!"

3. Marbury v Madison

4. Section 13 of the Judiciary Act of 1789

5. John Marshall

6. "wise and frugal government"

7. January 1, 1808

8. Stephen Decatur

9. Louisiana Purchase

a. Robert Livingston

b. Toussaint L'Ouverture

c. Napoleon and Tallyrand

d. $15 million dollars

e. "empire of liberty"

10. Meriwether Lewis and William Clark

a. Sacajawea

b. Journals of Lewis and Clark

c. corps of discovery

11. Essex Junto

12. Aaron Burr

13. John Randolph

14. John Taylor

15. Yazoo Fraud

16. Fletcher v Peck

17. Burr Conspiracy

a. Aaron Burr

b. John Marshall

c. James Wilkinson

18. Orders in Council

19. Continential System

20. Chesapeake-Leopard

21. Embargo Act (Oh-grab-me Act)

22. Nonintercourse Act

23. Macon's Bill Number 2

24. "demand for neutral rights"

25. Battle of Tippocanoe

a. William Henry Harrison

b. Tecumseh

c. The Prophet

d. The Curse of Tecumseh

26. "War Hawks"

27. James Madison, War of 1812, Mr. Madison's War

28. General Van Rensselaer

29. Oliver Hazard Perry

30. Fort McHenry

a. Francis Scott Key

b. "The Star Spangled Banner"

30a. The burning of Washington

31. Battle of New Orleans

32. Andrew Jackson

33. Treaty of Ghent

34. Hartford Convention

35. Nationalism

Topic: Nationalism and Sectionalism

assignment: Chapter 10 (Check Maps: pp.413,416,423,439)

A. Focus

1. The Rise of Nationalism and Sectionalism

2. The Era of Good Feelings

B. People, Places, Events

1. Thomas Hart Benton 21. Dartmouth College v Woodward

2. John C. Calhoun 22. McCulloch v Maryland

3. Henry Clay 23. Gibbons v Ogden

4. Daniel Webster 24. 54 40'

5. Tariff of 1816 25. Monroe Doctrine

6. Nathaniel Bacon 26. "King Caucus"

7. internal improvements 27. American System

8. Cumberland Road 28. Election of 1824

9. James Monroe 29. "Corrupt Bargain"

10. "Virginia Dynasty" 30. South Carolina Exposition

11. John Quincy Adams 31. Election of 1828

12. William Crawford 32. "The Era of the Common Man"

13. "Era of Good Feelings"

14. Seminole War

a. Andrew Jackson

b. Flordia

15. Panic of 1819

16. Land Law of 1800

17. Nicholas Biddle

18. The Missouri Compromise

19. "Like a firebell in the night"

20. John Marshall

Topic: The Jacksonian Impulse (check Maps: pp. 465,480)

assignment: Chapter 11

A. Focus

1. Jacksonian Democracy

2. Van Buren and the Democrats

B. People, Places, Events

1. "spoils system"

2. "the reign of King Mob"

3. Andrew Jackson

4. "Kitchen Cabinet"

5. Amos Kendall

6. Nullification

a. Tariff of Abominations

b. John C. Calhoun

c. Webster-Hayne Debate

d. Jefferson Day Dinner

e. Clay's Compromise

1. Force Bill

2. Compromise Tariff

7. Jackson's Indian Policy

a. removal

b. Cherokee Nation v Georgia

c. Worchester v Georgia

d. "Trail of Tears"

8. The Bank War

a. Biddle versus Jackson

b. The Monster Bank

c. Pet Banks

d. Specie Circular

9. Peggy Eaton Affair (The Petticoat War)

10. Whigs opposed King Andrew I

11. Martin Van Buren

a. "The Little Magician"

b. Panic of 1837

c. "Martin Van Ruin"

d. "Van, Van the Used Up Man!"

e. Independent Treasury

12. Log Cabin and Hard Cider Campaigns

a. "Tippocanone and Tyler Too!"

b. William Henry Harrison

c. John Tyler

13. The Era of The Common Man

14. Jacksonian Democracy

15. Francise given to working class

Unit III: History 106/ Lecture Guide

Topic: The Dynamics of Growth

assignment: Chapter 12 (check Maps: pp. 489, 494-495, 498, 499, 511, 513)

A. Focus

1. The National Economy

2. Transportation, Agriculture and Immigration

3. The Rise of Labor

B. People, Places, Events

1. Eli Whitney 21. Samuel F.B. Morse

2. Preemption Act of 1830 22. American Association for the

3. Graduation Act of 1854 Advancement of Science

4. John Deere 23. Charles Goodyear

5. Cyrus McCormick 24. Elias Howe

6. turnpike 25. I.M. Singer

7. Robert Fulton 26. Boston Associates

8. DeWitt Clinton 27. "store-bought goods"

9. Panic of 1837 28. Henry Clay

10. Clipper Ships 29. "Lowell Idea"

11. Transatlantic Package Service 30. NYSE

12. Panic of 1847 31. cities

13. "Putting-out Stage" 32. urbanization

14. James Watt 33. Immigration

15. James Hargreaves 34. W.A.S.P.

16. Richard Arkwright 35. N.I.N.A.

17. Samuel Slater 36. Nativism

18. Oliver Evans 37. Know-Nothing Party

19. Jacob Bigelow 38. Commonwealth v Hunt

20. Joseph Henry 39. Locofoco

40. Mechanics Union

Topic: An American Renaissance: Romanticism and Reform

asssignment: Chapter 13 (check Maps: pp. 546)

A. Focus

1. Religion, Romanticism and Reform

2. Education and Literature

B. People, Places, Events

1. Deism 11. Charles Finney 21. Transcendentalism

2. Unitarianism 12. Campbellittes 22. Emerson, Thoreau

3. William Ellery Channing 13. Mormons 23. Hawthrone, Irving

4. Universalism 14. Joseph Smith 24. Poe, Melville

5. Second Great Awaking 15. Nauvoo 25. Whitman, Alcott

6. Timothy Dwight 16. Brigham Young 26. Bennet, Greeley

7. Lyman Beecher 17. Salt Lake 27. Niles Weekly

8. Jedediah Morse 18. William Miller 28. Harper's Magazine

9. Peter Cartwright 19. Romanticism 29. Godey's Lady's Book

10. "burned-over district" 20. Thomas Cole 30. Mann, Webster

31. McGuffey 41. Democracy in America

32. Lyceum Movement 42. Shakers

33. Sylvester Graham 43. John Humphrey Noyes

34. American Temperance Union 44. Oneida

35. Dorothea Dix 45. "free love" theology

36. Cult of Domesticity 46. Robert Owen

37. Stanton, Mott, Anthony 47. Charles Fourier

39. Seneca Falls Convention 48. Brook Farm

40. Elizabeth Blackwell

Topic: Manifest Destiny

assignment: Chapter 14 (check Maps: pp. 584, 592, 608, 611, 616)

A. Focus

1. The Movement West

2. Texas and the Mexican War

3. Indians on the Frontier

B. People, Places, Events

1. John Tyler 21. Stephen F. Austin

2. "Great Compromiser" 22. Santa Anna

3. Webster-Ashburton Treaty 23. Crockett, Bowie, Travis

4. Manifest Destiny 24. Sam Houston

5. Plains Indians 25. "Remember the

6. Pueblo Indians Alamo"

7. Spanish 26. Lone Star Republic

8. Mexican Revolution 27. James K. Polk

9. Creole 28. "Fifty-four forty or

10. Mestizos fight"

11. mountain men 29. James Buchanan

12. "redezvous system" 30. land dispute

13. Oregon Fever 31. Zachary Taylor

14. Jim Bridger 32. Big Bear Republic

15. rancheros 33. Stephen Kearny

16. Henry Dana 34. Kit Carson

17. Overland Trail 35. Buena Vista

18. George Donner 36. Treaty of Guadulape

19. John C. Freemont Hidalgo

20. Kit Carson 37. sectional storm

Topic: The Old South: Ane American Tragedy

assignment: Chapter 15 (check Maps: pp. 630, 631, 649)

A. Focus

1. The culture of the Old South

2. White and Black Society

3. Anti-Slavery Movements

B. People, Places, Events

1. red clay

2. geography

3. Cotton Kingdom

4. linsey-woolsey

5. Tredegar Iron Works

6. Daniel Platt

7. Mary Boykin Chestnut

8. peculiar institution

9. free persons of color

10. Yarrow Mamout

11. Jehu Jones

12. William Ellison

13. Black slave holders

14. slave codes

15. Denmark Vessey

16. Nat Turner

17. Frederick Douglas

18. slave marriages

19. 1860 census

20. Benjamin Lundy

21. American Colonization Society

22. William Lloyd Garrison

23. American Anti-Slavery Society

24. Grimke Sisters

25. Harriet Tubman

26. Sojourner Truth

27. gag rule

28. James G. Birney

29. Thomas G. Dew

30. William T. Grayson

Topic: The Crisis of Union

assignment: Chapter 16 (check Maps: pp. 687, 693, 695, 703, 717)

A. Focus

1. The effects of the Mexican War.

2. The Compromise of 1850.

3. The Kansas-Nebraska Act and the Lincoln-Douglas Debates,

4. The rise of the Republicans.

5. The radicalism of John Brown.

6. The Election of 1860 and Secession.

B. People, Places, Events

1. Wilmont Priviso 21. Preston Brooks

2. David Wilmont 22. Andrew Butler

3. Calhoun Resolutions 23. "Crime of Kansas"

4. Steven A. Douglas 24. "Free Soil, Free Men & Freemont"

5. Popular Sovereignty 25. "Black Republicans"

6. Barnburners 26. James Buchanan

7. Free Soil Party 27. Lecompton Convention

8. 49ers 28. Panic of 1857

9. Compromise of 1850 29. Lincoln vs Douglas

10. Henry Clay 30. Ableman v Booth

        11. Daniel Webster 31. Raid on Harper's Ferry

12. Fugitive Slave Law 32. Col. Robert E. Lee

13. Harriet Beecher Stowe 33. Hinton R. Helper

14. "Young America" 34. Democrats divided

15. Ostend Manifesto 35. Lincoln elected

16. Commodore Matthew C. Perry 36. Crittenden Compromise

17. Kansas-Nebraska Act 37. Secession

18. Bleeding Kansas 26a. Dred Scott

19. John Brown 29a. Freeport Doctrine

20. Charles Sumner 34a. John C. Breckenridge

34b. Steven A. Douglas

History 106 Lecture Guide: Topic: The War to Save the Union: Dr. Mark Mraz

assignment: Chapter 17 (check Maps: pp. 727, 735, 744, 746, 747, 753, 772, 774,

780, 782)

A. Focus

1. Advantages of the North and South.

2. The difficulty Lincoln had in finding a general.

3. The Emancipation Proclamation and its effects.

4. Diplomacy during the war.

5. Problems of the Confederacy

6. The course and outcome of the war.

B. People, Places, Events

1. James Buchanan 26. Frederick Douglas

2. William H. Seward 27. Confiscation Act of 1861

3. Fort Sumter 28. "contrabands"

4. Jefferson Davis 29. Horace Greeley

5. Winfield Scott 30. Robert G. Shaw

6. Robert E. Lee 31. 54th Mass.

7. "Brothers War" 32. Battery Wagner

8. Advantages of the North 33. Dorothea Dix

9. Advantages of the South 34. Clara Barton

10. First Bull Run 35. Mary Chestnut

11. Beauregard vs McDowell 36. Jay Cooke

12. "Stonewall" Jackson 37. Mason& Slidell

13. Anacondia Plan 38. Thaddeus Stevens

14. David Farragut 39. Copperheads

15. Ft. Donelson & Ft. Henry 40. Clement L. Vallandigham

16. U.S. Grant 41. Joseph E. Hooker

17. Battle of Shiloh 42. Battle of Chancellorsville

18. Henry Halleck 43. Battle of Gettysburg

19. George B. McClellan 44. Lee vs Meade

20. Peninsular Campaign 45. James Longstreet

21. Seven Days Battles 46. Pickett's Charge

22. Robert E. Lee 47. Sherman's March to the Sea

23. Battle of Antietam 48. Grant vs Lee

24. Battle of Fredericksburg 49. Appomatox

25. Emancipation Proclamation 50. "With Malice Toward None"