LANDING CRAFT MECHANIZED LCM - 8

USER'S GUIDE

 

 

 

 

1097TH TRANSPORTATION COMPANY

(COMPOSITE WATERCRAFT)

UNIT 7116 SOCO-SBL

RODMAN NAVAL STATION, PANAMA

 

WATERBORNE!!!

USER'S GUIDE PROJECT OFFICER -- 2LT JOHN PARKS

USER'S GUIDE PROJECT NCO -- SGT SEAN P. KELLY

 

LCM-8 USER'S GUIDE

Table Of Contents

     

Section I

Introduction

page 1

Section II

Principle Characteristics of an LCM-8

page 2

 

A. Vessel Characteristics

page 2

 

B. Safety

page 4

 

C. Loading and Unloading Procedures

page 5

Section III

Responsibilities, Duties, and Authority of Vessel Crewman

page 7

 

A. Coxswain

page 7

 

B. Engineer

page 8

 

C. Seaman

page 9

Section IV

Tactical Operations

page 10

 

A. General

page 10

 

B. Actions on Contact

page 11

Section V

Request for LCM-8 Support

page 13

Section VI

LCM-8 Support at Ft. Sherman (JOTB)

page 14

Section VII

Lockage

page 15

Section VIII

Facts

page 16

 

A. Sea Condition Restrictions

page 16

 

B. Landing Restrictions

page 16

     

APPENDIX

A

LCM-8 Convoys

page 17

APPENDIX

B

Sample Load Plans

page 20

APPENDIX

C

Safety Briefing

page 29

APPENDIX

D

Current Landing Zones and Locations Within the Canal Zone

page 32

APPENDIX

E

Glossary

page 41

SECTION I Introduction

 

The purpose of this guide is to provide the guidelines for all prospective users of the Landing Craft Mechanized (LCM-8) Vessels. It should be used as a guide when planning, preparing, and conducting operations utilizing the LCM-8. It is intended to be an extension of existing TMs, FMs, ARs, and applicable supplements and to incorporate necessary data for the tactical commander operating in the Panama Area. Generally the LCM-8 is used within the Canal Zone but a pair of LCM’s may be deployed anywhere within the theater of Panama.

References for writing of this guide are as follows:

1. AR 56-9 Department of the Army Watercraft

2. FM 55-501-1 Landing Craft Operator's Handbook

3. TM 55-500 Marine Equipment Characteristics and Data

4. TM 55-1905-217-12 LCM-8 Operators Manual

5. TB 55-46-1 Standard Characteristics of Military Equipment

6. CFR 35 Navigation Rules for Panama Canal

Changes to this guide or recommendations on how to improve this guide can be addressed to Commander, 1097th Transportation Company (CW), Rodman Naval Station, Panama.

 

SECTION II Principle Characteristics Of An LCM-8

A. Vessel Characteristics:

1. The LCM-8 MOD 1 is a welded steel, twin screw vessel with an armored wheelhouse, an open well-deck, a hinged bow ramp, and a flat bottom. It may be used for lighterage and utility work in a harbor. It is designed and intended for use in rough or exposed waters and is capable of operating through the surf zone and grounding on a beach, remaining there in an upright position and being watertight. The LCM-8 can retract from the beach under its own power. It is propelled by two twin engine propulsion units. The rudders and propellers are protected by a skeg assembly.

2. The pilothouse is centrally located on the deck. The engine room hatch is on the deck forward from the pilothouse, and the lazarette hatch is aft of the pilothouse. The forward deck also has two bolted cover plates, one on the port side and the other on the starboard side. These are directly over the engines. They can be unbolted and opened to allow for removing or installing the engines.

3. The cargo well-deck is forward. It is 42' 9" long and 14' 6" wide. The well-deck has a carrying capacity of 60 short tons (120,000 pounds) of general cargo and vehicles, or 200 combat-equipped troops. The ramp is usually raised or lowered from the pilothouse.

4. The engine room is below the deck between the cargo well-deck and the lazarette.

5. The lazarette is below the deck and aft of the engine room. It contains two diesel fuel tanks, fuel shutoff, and steering gear. The lazarette is also the storage locker for the ship's gear.

6. The LCM-8 can be transported overseas as deck cargo aboard cargo vessels or in the well-deck of an LSD (Landing Ship Dock), LPD (Amphibious Transport, Dock), or LCU-2000 (Landing Craft Utility).

7. The LCM-8's assigned to the 1097th Transportation Company (Composite Watercraft) were manufactured by the Marinette Marine Corp.

8. The following chart gives additional data on the LCM-8:

Vessel Dimensions

Length - 74' 0"

Width - 20' 11.75"

Cargo Space

Length - 42' 9 "

Width - 14' 6"

Max. Weight Capacity

60 Short Tons

120,000 Pounds

Personnel

 

200 Combat Equipped Passengers Standing

120 Passengers Seated

Range (load and sea

state dependent)

348 Nautical Miles Light

284 Nautical Miles

Loaded

Max. Speed

11 Knots (12.6 MPH)

Light

9 Knots (10.3 MPH)

Loaded

Draft

4' 6"

load dependent

Fuel Capacity

950 gallons (95% full to account for expansion)

 

Fuel Consumption

(sea state dependent)

20 Gallons Per Hour

Light (47.5 hours)

30 Gallons Per Hour

Loaded (31.66 hours)

Engine Displacement

4 x 425 cubic inches

Four Detroit

Diesels/boat

Engine Horsepower

165bhp @ 1,800 RPM

per engine

     

 

B. Safety

1. Safety equipment onboard should include :

a. Four (4) 10 pound Dry Chemical Fire Extinguishers

b. Two (2) Life rings with lights

c. One Life ring with 90' of line

d. One (1) Lifejacket per passenger

e. One First Aid Kit

f. Two (2) 10 foot boat hooks

2. Safety Procedures:

a. Personnel should jump out and away from ramp when making a beach assault or anytime when personnel are making a beach landing.

b. Smoking is allowed onboard, all exterior areas, except when ammunition or fuel is being loaded, unloaded, or carried as cargo or when denied by the Coxswain.

c. There will be a minimum of one (1) lifejacket per person aboard the vessel. Once in the ocean, all passengers will be required to wear a lifejacket (Coxswains discretion) and sit in the well deck .

d. Alcohol is not permitted aboard any Army Watercraft.

e. Only three (3) individuals are allowed on the quarter deck: OIC, NCOIC, and the RTO. More than three individuals may be allowed on the quarter deck with the Coxswain's permission.

f. No one is allowed to stand, sit, lean over or place anything on the catwalks to include weapons, unless weapons are to be used in a defensive mode.

g. No personnel or equipment will be allowed on the ramp except when loading and unloading cargo or passengers or in a real life emergency.

h. When transporting ammunition or fuel, the only personnel allowed to stay on board (other than the crew) are the drivers and fire watch personnel. Drivers and fire watch personnel MUST stay on board.

i. When operating in the ocean, LCM's MUST operate in pairs.

j. When an LCM is approaching a pick-up area vehicles will remain clear of the ramp until the Coxswain gives the "OK" to load or board. At no time will any individual be under the ramp. If the ramp should fall, it WILL cause loss of life or major damage to a vehicle.

C. Loading And Unloading Procedures:

1. When loading any type of roll-on/off tracked or wheeled vehicles, all vehicles will be backed onboard the vessels. A crew member will be assigned to direct the cargo onboard with the assistance of a ground guide designated by the coxswain/crew member loading or unloading cargo. The only vehicle that will be front loaded is a HEMMET or a vehicle being loaded during direct fire after consulting with the coxswain.

2. Caution should be used when loading and unloading personnel due to the gap between the well-deck and ramp.

3. All personnel will be out of the well-deck when cargo/vehicles are being loaded except for the ground guide and the crew member loading the equipment.

4. Vehicles and personnel must wait until the LCM is completely stopped and have the coxswain's permission before off loading. This is critically important, because the coxswain may be in the process of adjusting the vessel on the beach.

5. The OIC/NCOIC of the passengers will ensure that the well-deck is policed of all equipment and trash before the last passenger departs the vessel.

6. RB-15's (Zodiac) will be front loaded on the LCM. The LCM can hold 16 RB-15's w/o crews and 4 RB-15's with fully loaded combat crews.

7. When loading and unloading personnel on board an LCM, the OIC/ NCOIC from the using element must motivate the personnel onto the vessel. This is especially essential when a large number of personnel are to be loaded or unloaded. Long load or unload times can be dangerous and expensive.

8. The using unit and or element will be responsible for providing the dunnage to block and brace the cargo to be loaded aboard the LCM. Equipment will not be loaded on-board an LCM until the proper dunnage is available.

SECTION III Responsibilities, Duties, And Authority Of The Vessel Crewmen

A. Coxswain:

1. The Coxswain is in command of the vessel with the authority derived from maritime laws, rules of navigation, and Army Regulation 56-9. The coxswain is responsible for the safety of all passengers and cargo.

2. The presence of a senior officer on-board does not relieve the Coxswain of his/her responsibilities. Only a commander in the Coxswain's direct chain of command can relieve the Coxswain of their responsibilities.

3. Specifically, the Coxswain is responsible to:

a. Ensure that the vessel is operated efficiently, safely, and economically. Safety is the Coxswains most important responsibility.

b. Load and unload equipment, cargo, and personnel. While the vessel is beached, it is important that the Coxswain keeps the engines engaged forward while loading and off loading wheel and tracked cargo so that the LCM is not pushed off the beach by the loading or off loading vehicle.

c. Decide to enter or leave a port and/or navigate in hazardous waters.

d. Conduct of the crew and passengers. The senior military passenger is responsible to the Coxswain for the conduct of his subordinates.

e. Ensure that the vessel is prepared to sail at the scheduled time, and that the vessel is properly fitted to perform the assigned mission.

f. Ensure that the crew members are in the proper uniform and that all personnel maintain a clean and neat appearance with regard to the duties being performed, the work area involved, and safety clothing required.

g. Ensure that unauthorized personnel are not allowed aboard and that passengers are not allowed in the engine room, wheel house, lazarette, on the ramp and outside the life lines.

h. Ensure the crew members are not interfered with while performing their assigned duties.

i. Ensure that crew members wear work vests while on the catwalks.

j. Maintain the vessel logbook

k. Conduct weekly emergency drills

4. The Coxswain has the authority to abort the mission if unsafe acts or weather condition dictates.

5. Minimum manning of vessels: To conduct 24 hour operations, there will be 2 Coxswains assigned to operate one LCM plus 100% of the required enlisted personnel, as long as fuel, water, and rations are available and onboard. One Coxswain can perform a voyage of 12 hours or less consecutively. IAW AR 56-9, the relief of the Coxswain must be provided after 12 hours for a period of 12 hours, to respond to emergencies and have due regard to the safety of the vessel and crew.

B. Engineer

1. The Engineer is responsible to the Coxswain for the safe, efficient, and economical operation of the engine room.

2. Specifically the Engineer is responsible for:

a. Coordinating with the Coxswain to ensure safe operation of the vessel.

b. Ensuring the engine room logbook is properly maintained.

c. Scheduling, directing, and carrying out the maintenance and repair of engine room machinery and electrical equipment.

d. Taking on and discharging fuel.

e. Reporting to the Coxswain defects which are beyond onboard capability to repair.

f. Ensuring unauthorized personnel do not enter engine room.

g. Being proficient in vessel emergency drills.

C. Seaman:

1. The Seaman is responsible to the Coxswain for all matters concerning deck operations.

2. Specifically the Seaman is responsible for:

a. Inspecting and maintaining all lines and rigging gear.

b. Being proficient in marline spike seamanship skills.

c. Being proficient in vessel emergency drills.

d. Being familiar with rules of the road and navigational aids.

e. Being proficient at docking and undocking procedures.

f. Being proficient at beaching and retracting procedures.

 

SECTION IV Tactical Operations

A. General:

1. Conducting tactical operations in a jungle environment is a difficult task. One way to add flexibility to these operations is to use existing riverways and routes of mobility. This can be accomplished by using LCM-8's as troop and equipment movers as well as platforms for launching small boats.

2. Advantages:

a. The LCM's can afford the tactical commander a means of transporting large numbers of troops in a comparatively short time.

b. They can shorten overland resupply routes and move large pieces of construction and other logistical equipment.

3. Disadvantages:

a. LCM's are very susceptible to enemy direct fire from weapons, thus endangering all passengers, crew and cargo.

b. Vessels do not have sufficient fire power to defend themselves and must be employed with gunship support or be within artillery range.

4. Deployment:

a. Vessels should be deployed in pairs for mutual support.

b. LCM's should be utilized only for the specific mission and then released to be utilized elsewhere.

c. The vessels will always be loaded tactically, I.E. the cargo (Pax/equipment) to be off loaded last will be loaded in the back of the well deck, and the cargo to be off loaded first will be loaded to the front of the well deck.

d. Vehicles will be backed on the vessel to speed offloading.

e. Commanders are responsible for ensuring vessels are offloaded in an expeditious manner.

5. Preparation for tactical deployment: BEFORE LEAVING THE LOADING SITE , THE COMMANDER OF THE TROOPS WILL;

a. Ensure the placement of crew served and indirect fire weapons to provide maximum fire power for protection of the vessels.

b. Brief soldiers of their duties before contact with the enemy is made.

6. In addition to crew served weapons, the maximum number of personnel should be placed along the sides of the vessel to increase suppressive fire with individual weapons. All other personnel not firing should assume a sitting or kneeling position in the well deck.

B. Actions on contact (SOP for 1097th crews):

1. Ambush:

a. If ambushed, vessels in the kill zone will proceed through the kill zone. Vessels not in the kill zone will stop immediately and provide suppressive fire.

b. Coxswains will confer with the troop commander to determine the feasibility of landing troops on the shore to close with and destroy the enemy.

c. Coxswains will request air and/or artillery as required.

d. Crews will man battle stations.

2. Sniper fire:

a. Vessels will continue the mission.

b. Troop commander will direct suppressive fire in the direction of the sniper fire.

c. When clear of the area, coxswain will direct artillery and aircraft fire on the enemy if necessary.

3. Mortars: 81 mm mortars can be placed on and fired from the well deck of an LCM. It is recommended that only 2 mortars be fired from one vessel, but more may be used. There must be a minimum of 2 layers of sandbags under the mortars along with the sandbags holding it in place.

SECTION V Request For LCM-8 Support

A. Units requesting LCM support must go through 245th Support Battalion (288-5365) at least 10 days prior to the mission with the following information:

1. The cargo and/or passengers to be transported.

2. The origin or pick up point.

3. Destination.

4. Pick up time.

5. Release time (on or about) date and time.

6. Name and telephone number of POC.

B. Normally as soon as the commitment is received by the 1097th Transportation Company (Composite Watercraft), the operations office will issue the tasking to the Medium Boat (LCM) Platoon and issue the tasking along with the POC.

C. The Medium Boat Platoon will make direct contact with the POC to work out any necessary details. If no contact is made within 2 days prior, the requesting unit should call the 1097th Operations 283-3284 or the Medium Boat Platoon 289-6633/6610, to verify the commitment and work out the details such as pieces of equipment and load plans.

D. The cost of an LCM is extremely high and cost effectiveness should be taken into consideration before deciding to use an LCM-8.

E. If no contact is made with the LCM-8 by the supported element 2 hours after the designated time of pick up, the Coxswain will terminate the mission and return the vessel to port.

F. The 1097th will provide Up To 200 Coast Guard approved lifejackets. If the 1097th does not have enough lifejackets, the using unit will provide their own Coast Guard approved lifejackets. There must be at least 1 lifejacket per person aboard the vessel. Once in the ocean, All passengers must wear a lifejacket (Coxswains discretion).

SECTION VI LCM Support At Fort Sherman (JOTB)

A. During in-briefs for FTX's or other missions, the Coxswains will be present to function as watercraft liaisons for all the LCM missions. They will provide advice to the rotational battalions as to the capabilities and the limitations of the vessel.

B. Throughout the cycle, 2 LCM's will be requested by JOTB by a "Blanket Tasking." Any movements desired by the rotational battalion not on the "Transportation Matrix" are required to be coordinated with JOTB S-3. JOTB S-3 will make all necessary coordination with the watercraft liaison for "stand by" missions. The coxswain will ensure all missions are accomplished while tasked to JOTB.

C. Inclement weather (lightning or thunder storms) or a sea state over 7 feet will delay or cancel scheduled missions with the authority of the coxswains (See Section VIII: Facts, Part A.).

 

SECTION VII Lockage:

A. Transiting the Panama Canal can be a very lengthy process. There are 3 sets of locks within the canal. The Gatun Locks has 3 chambers, Mira Flores has 2, and Pedro Miguel has 1. It takes approximately 1 hour to travel through each set of locks. It takes approximately 9 hours to transit the Panama Canal. The 1097th has no control over the Panama Canal. The times for transiting the Panama Canal vary and can change as much as 12 hours at any given time as directed by the Panama Canal Commission.

B. Lockage Fees are currently being paid by the 1097th Transportation Company (Budget). Current cost is $82.41 per vessel locking up or down.

 

SECTION VIII Facts:

A. Sea condition restrictions:

1. The LCM-8 is a flat bottom vessel, it is not capable of operating in rough seas.

2. When seas reach 5-7 feet vessels should only by operated by experienced coxswains and only when absolutely necessary.

3. Any seas over 8 feet preclude vessel operations and could result in severe vessel damage and loss of life.

B. Landing Restrictions:

1. LCM-8's are not authorized to make pick ups at certain grid coordinates, therefore the using unit must call the 1097th Operations 283-3284 or the Medium Boat Platoon 289-6633/6610 and ensure that the pick up or drop off point is legal and an approved landing site (APPENDIX D).

2. Prior to landing at any unknown landing site the area must be cleared by divers and a D-8 dozer (with L.O.T.S. recovery equipment) must be at the landing site to assist the LCM in case of emergency.

C. Communication capability is provided by 1 AN/VRC-46 RT-524, and 1 Ross DSC 500 for bridge to bridge communication only. The vessel may be fitted with 1 AN/URC-92 RT-1277 for long range communication.

D. No latrine facilities are located on board the vessel. This fact must be made known to all passengers and must be considered when planning long range operations.

 

 

 

 

 

 

APPENDIX A

 

LCM-8 CONVOYS

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

APPENDIX B

SAMPLE LOAD

PLANS

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

APPENDIX C

PASSENGER CONDUCT/SAFETY BRIEFING

APPENDIX C-1: PASSENGER CONDUCT (To be read to the commander of troops)

1. Welcome aboard LCM 85__

2. Introduce yourself and crew Name And Position

3. Only the OIC, NCOIC, and RTO are allowed on the quarter-deck. More personnel may be allowed with the permission of the Coxswain.

4. The commander of troops is responsible to motivate the troops under his/her command onto and off of the vessel. This is especially essential important when a large number of personnel are to be loaded or unloaded. Long load or unload times can be dangerous and expensive.

5. The commander of troops is responsible to ensure that a police-call is performed prior to the last troop departing the vessel.

6. The commander of troops is responsible to the Coxswain for the conduct of all personnel under his/her command.

7. Before leaving the vessel all passengers will wait until authorization to depart has been given by the Coxswain.

8.Entertain any questions for the commander of troops.

APPENDIX C-2: SAFETY BRIEFING (To be given to the passengers by the commander of the troops)

1. Everyone must stay in the welldeck.

2. Do not stand, sit, lean over or interfere with crew members walking on the catwalk (Show what the catwalk is).

  1. Once underway all passengers must stay off the ramp.

4. If you happen to see someone fall overboard, yell "Man Overboard Right/Left Side," to the coxswain and keep visual contact with the person overboard.

5. In case of emergencies, fire/abandon ship/etc. you will be notified by the crew to don a lifejacket. Remain calm, quiet and wait for further instructions from the crew.

6. If available, relay to the passengers not to stand behind, between, lay, or sit underneath any vehicles or equipment.

7. At night or during inclement weather maintain noise and light discipline.

8. Before leaving the vessel all passengers will wait until authorization to depart has been given by the Coxswain.

9. Entertain any questions toward the members of the crew.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

APPENDIX D

CURRENT LANDING ZONES WITHIN THE CANAL ZONE

APPENDIX D: LCM LANDING SITES

The Following Landing Zones Are Authorized For Use During JOTB Sherman Cycle

Name Grid Cargo Load/Unload Condition

Distance # Vessels Remarks

Ft Sherman Boathouse PA 151 355 Troops/Vehicles Excellent

0.1 FS #1

LCU 2000 Ramp PA 154 358 All Cargo Excellent

0.1 FS #1

Troop Ramp PA 152 356 Troops/Vehicles Good

0.1 FS #1

Sherman Flats PA 151 354 Troops/Vehicles Good

0.1 FS #1

Tierno Plano PA 154 357 Troops/Vehicles Good

0.1 FS #1

Task Force Blue PA 098 300 All Cargo Excellent

10 FS #2

Pina Beach (Inside) PA 096 300 Troops/Vehicles Good

10 FS #2

Pina Landing PA 097 299 Troops/Vehicles Good

10 FS #2

Pina Beach #1 PA 093 299 Troops/RB-15's Good

9.7 FS #2 Unauthorized

Pina Beach #2 PA 088 298 Troops/RB-15's Good

9.8 FS #2 Unauthorized

Rio Congo #1 PA 106 288 Troops Good

0.8 RC #1

Rio Congo #2 PA 105289 Troops Good

0.8 RC #1

Rio Congo W Shore PA 104 287 Troops Poor

0.8 RC #1

APPENDIX D: LCM LANDING SITES

The Following Landing Zones Are Authorized For Use During JOTB Sherman Cycle

Name Grid Cargo Load/Unload Condition

Distance # Vessels Remarks

Drug Lab #1 PA 108 285 Troops Fair

1.1 RC #1

Drug Lab #2 PA 111 281 Troops Fair

1.3 RC #1

Punta Boa PA 118 275 Troops Fair 1.7 RC #1

Rio Negrita #1 PA 117 273 Troops Poor

1.8 RC #1

Rio Negrita #2 PA 120 274 Troops Fair

1.9 RC #1

Rio Mojinga PA 123 277 Troops Good

2.2 RC #1

LZ Slide PA 136 262 Troops/Vehicles Good

3.2 RC #1

Rio Indio PA 136 258 Troops Fair

3.4 RC #1

Quebrada Prieto PA 141 260 Troops Fair

3.7 RC #1

Hill 88 LZ PA 149 264 Troops Fair

4.2 RC #1

Hill 74 LZ PA 162 262 Troops Fair

4.9 RC #1

La Cuenca PA 167 249 Troops Good

5.7 RC #1

Chicken Landing PA 167 240 All Cargo Good

7.1 RC #1

Sherman 2000 Pier PA 153 357 All Cargo Excellent

0.2 FS #1

APPENDIX D: LCM LANDING SITES

The Following Landing Zones Are Authorized For Use During JOTB Sherman Cycle

Name Grid Cargo Load/Unload Condition

Distance # Vessels Remarks

French Cut #1 PA 185 276 Troops/Vehicles Poor

5.4 FS #1

French Cut #2 PA 183 272 Troops/Vehicles Poor

5.6 FS #1

Limon Point PA 157 309 Troops Good

3.7 FS #1

The following LZ's are not approved for JOTB Sherman Cycle

Pina Beach #3 PA 076 288 Troops/RB-15's Unknown

10.5 FS #2

Pina Beach #4 PA 061 275 Troops/RB-15's Unknown

11.3 FS #2

Pina Beach #5 PA 056 271 Troops/RB-15's Unknown

11.7 FS #2

Pina Beach #6 PA 049 264 Troops/RB-15's Unknown

12.3 FS #2

Ft Randolf PA 224 369 Troops/Vehicles Unknown

4.0 FS #1

Mindi Pier PA 190 285 Troops/Sling Load Good

4.9 FS #1

Cristobal Pier #1 PA 195 338 Troops/Sling Load Excellent

2.9 FS #1

Cristobal Pier #2 PA 202 332 Troops/Sling Load Excellent

3.2 FS #1

Cristobal Yacht Club PA 208 334 All Cargo Excellent

3.5 FS #1

Building 61 PA 190 271 All Cargo Good

5.7 FS #1

APPENDIX D: LCM LANDING SITES

Name Grid Cargo Load/Unload Condition

Distance # Vessels Remarks

Coco Solo Pier PA 223 352 All Cargo Unknown

3.9 FS #1

Sturgis Ramp PA 179 242 All Cargo Good

1.6 DK #1

Sturgis Landing PA 175 237 Troops/Vehicles Poor

1.7 DK #1


Sturgis Troop LZ PA 173 234 Troops Poor

1.8 DK #1

Gatun Landing #1 PA 185 258 All Cargo Excellent

6.4 FS #1

Gatun Landing #2 PA 184 245 Troops/Vehicles Good

1.6 DK #1

Gatun Pier PA 185 244 All Cargo Good

1.5 DK #1

Millers Landing PA 161 235 Troops/Vehicles Fair

2.6 DK #1

Dock 45 PA 206 239 All Cargo Good

N/A N/A

Ski Docks PA 164 234 Troops/Vehicles Fair

2.5 DK #1

Puente Bascute PA 158 194 Troops Fair

4.3 DK #1 Stump City

Cabo Mala PA 144 162 Troops Fair

5.8 DK #1 Stump City

Isla Lion Hill PA 218 198 Troops Good

3.4 DK #1 Stump City

` APPENDIX D: LCM LANDING SITES

Name Grid Cargo Load/Unload Condition

Distance # Vessels Remarks

Punta Mala PA 146 162 Troops Fair

5.6 DK #1 Stump City

La Trenticinco #1 PA 145 148 Troops/Vehicles Good

7.8 DK #1 Stump City

La Trenticinco #2 PA 143 148 Troops/Vehicles Poor

7.9 DK #1 Stump City

Bohio Entrance PA 144 143 Troops Poor

8.1 DK #1 Stump City

Ensenada De Arenosa PA 140 140 Troops Unknown

8.3 DK #1 Stump City

Escobal PA 140 109 Troops/Vehicles Fair

8.5 DK #1 Stump City

Cupio PA 047 034 Troops Fair

#1 Stump City

Ciricito Pueblo Nuevo PV 011 977 Troops Good

#1 Stump City

La Chica LZ PA 255 161 Troops Unknown

5.8 DK #1 Stump City

Punta Bohio PA 264 159 Troops Unknown

6.9 DK #1 Stump City

Barro Colorado PA 278 130 All Cargo Good

8.6 DK #1

Frijoles Landing PA 315 126 Troops Fair

9.7 DK #1

Hill 83 Buoy PA 312 071 Troops Poor

12.2 DK #1 Stump City

 

APPENDIX D: LCM LANDING SITES

Name Grid Cargo Load/Unload Condition

Distance # Vessels

Punta Manguito PA 317 057 Troops Poor

13.0 DK #1 Stump City

Pettit Landing PA 313 033 Troops Fair

15.0 DK #1 Stump City

Hill 83 Landing PA 298 041 Troops Fair

14.3 DK #1 Stump City

Pato Real #1 PA 289 019 Troops Poor

15.6 DK #1 Stump City

Pato Real #2 PA 288 017 Troops Poor

15.8 DK #1 Stump City

Torre PA 351 077 Troops Unknown

13.8 DK #1

Palma Negra PA 356 063 Troops Unknown

14.3 DK #1

Balboa West PA 367 061 .50 Cal Waterborne Range

14.8 DK #1 4.4 NM From Gamboa Ramp

Punta Mamey PA 369 084 Troops Unknown

14.8 DK #1

LZ 29 #1 PA 389 085 Troops Unknown

15.8 DK #1

LZ 29 #2 PA 388 084 Troops Unknown

15.7 DK #1

Isla Gorgona PA 401 082 Troops Good

16.5 DK #1

Juan Grande PA 390 078 Troops Unknown

16.0 DK #1

APPENDIX D: LCM LANDING SITES

Name Grid Cargo Load/Unload Condition

Distance # Vessels Remarks

Gamboa Airstrip PA 417 080 Troops/Vehicles Good

17.3 DK #1

Gamboa East PA 425 078 Troops Fair

17.7 DK #1

Gamboa Ramp PA 419 080 All Cargo Excellent

17.5 DK #1

Hill 59 LZ PV 499 986 Troops Unknown

24.2 DK #1

Cerro Nitro PV 498 987 Troops Unknown

24.1 DK #1

Paraiso PV 502 983 Troops/Vehicles Unknown

24.5 DK #1

Pedro Miguel PV 519 972 Troops Unknown

25.6 DK #1

K-2 Landing PV 531 958 Troops Unknown

4.1 P3S #1 In Mira Flores Lake

Tanques Landing PV 543 956 Troops Unknown

3.7 P3S #1 In Mira Flores Lake

Mira Flores West PV 544 948 Troops Unknown

3.2 P3S #1 In Mira Flores Lake

Mira Flores East PV 551 948 Troops/Vehicles Unknown

3.1 P3S #1 Vehicles Only At High Tide (Ramp)

Campo De Antenas PV 566 919 Troops Unknown

1.3 P3S #1

Diablo Heights #1 PV 569 914 Troops/Vehicles Unknown

0.9 P3S #1 Vehicles Only At High Tide (Ramp)

 

APPENDIX D: LCM LANDING SITES

Name Grid Cargo Load/Unload Condition

Distance # Vessels Remarks

Diablo Heights #2 PV 571 912 Troops/Vehicles Unknown

0.8 P3S #1 Vehicles Only At High Tide (Ramp)

Campo Deportive PV 573 910 Troops Unknown

0.8 P3S #1

Balboa Pier 16/Ramp PV 577 906 All Cargo Excellent

0.7 P3S #1 Vehicles Only At High Tide (Ramp)

Rodman Naval Station PV 566 898 All Cargo Excellent

0.3 P3S #1 Vehicles Only At High Tide (Ramp)

Farafan Beach PV 571 875 Troops/Vehicles Good

1.7 P3S #1 Vehicles Only At High Tide (Beach)

Ft Kobbe PV 561 836 Troops/Vehicles Good

6.6 P3S #2 Vehicles Only At High Tide (Beach)

Playa Venado PV 535 831 Troops/Vehicles Good

8.8 P3S #2 Vehicles Only At High Tide (Beach)

Isla Taboga PV 597 717 Troops/Vehicles Good

11 P3S #2 Vehicles Only At High Tide (Beach)

Excellent - Well Maintained, Easy To Approach

Good - Adequately Maintained, Approach Fairly Easy

Fair - Not Maintained Well, Approach Is Difficult

Poor - Not Maintained, Approach Is Possible But Very Difficult

Distance - One Way Distance In Nautical Miles From:

FS - One Way Distance From Ft Sherman LCM Pier

RC - One Way Distance From Task Force Blue

DK - One Way Distance From Dock 45

P3S - One Way Distance From Rodman Pier 3 South

# Vessels - Number Of Vessels Needed For Trip From Where The

Distance Was Determined

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

APPENDIX E

GLOSSARY

Aft or After - at, near or toward the stern of a vessel.

Astern - behind the vessel; to the rear.

Beam - the maximum width of a vessel.

Bow - the forward part of a vessel.

Bulkhead - a vertical, or nearly vertical, surface separating vessels into different compartments.

Control Boat - a boat to guide and act as a headquarters for control of waterborne traffic.

Conn - See Pilothouse.

Coxswain - the enlisted person in charge of an LCM-8.

Deck - a horizontal surface of a vessel meant to be walked on.

Draft - the depth of water which a vessel requires to float freely.

Dunnage - assorted sizes of loose pieces of wood placed on the ramp or on the well deck to assist in the loading and unloading of cargo.

Engineer - the enlisted person in charge of maintaining the mechanical components of an LCM-8.

Engine Room - the compartment containing the propulsion machinery of a vessel.

Fathom - a nautical measure equal to 6 feet; used to measure the depth of the water.

Fore and Aft - lengthwise of a vessel.

GPH - Gallons of a substance consumed Per Hour.

Head - nautical term for latrine aboard a vessel.

Helm - the machine used to maneuver a vessel.

Inboard - toward the centerline of a vessel; also the side next to a wharf or another vessel.

JOTB - Jungle Operations Training Battalion.

Knot - a unit of speed equal to 1 nautical mile per hour (1.15207 statute miles per hour.

Lazarette - a compartment used for storage purposes in the stern of an LCM-8.

Lifejacket - a vest of buoyant material to be worn to keep a person afloat.

Lifelines or Handrail - lines or pipe stretched along the outer edges of a vessel to help prevent personnel from falling overboard.

Moor - to secure a vessel to a fixed object.

Nautical Mile - a unit of distance used primarily for navigation equal to 6076.10333 feet.

Outboard - toward the side of the vessel in relation to the centerline or outside the vessel entirely; the side away from a wharf or vessel alongside.

Pilothouse - compartment from which a vessel is steered and navigated.

Port Side - the left side of a vessel looking forward.

Quarter Deck - the deck aft of the well deck continuing until the stern.

Screw - the propeller.

Scupper - drains in the well deck designed to drain out water from rain or spray.

Seaman - the enlisted person in charge of all cargo/passenger operations.

Starboard Side - the right side of the vessel looking forward.

Stern - the rear of the vessel.

Stump City - the area in Gatun Lake once part of the jungle and hills but when Gatun Lake filled the trees were left and still stand to this day. This area of Gatun Lake is difficult but not impossible to navigate through.

Surf Zone - the area between the first break in the waves and the shoreline.

Underway - the vessel is said to be underway when not anchored, not moored to a pier, aground, or beached.

Wharf - projecting platform of timber stone or other material which extends into water deep enough for vessels to be moored.

Wheel House - See Pilothouse.

 

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