I listened to a book promo on a local
radio station for a book which examined the questions
of theology. I wanted to call in, but the station was
not taking calls. I looked the author up, based on some biographical tidbits mentioned
during the interview, and sent him e-mail. I received a kind response
to my e-mail, in which I asked:
What is the difference between a soul and a spirit?
What do they do?
What reason is there to believe souls exist?
Are they our consciousness or our conscience?
His response follows:
Here are the definitions you asked for. I divided them 2 ways:
into a dichotomy and into a trichotomy.
Physical Body- that which dies
Spirit or Soul- that which does not die
Body is a means of present life but not a necessary part of personality.
Personality exists without a body.
The body accomplishes our intentions, but the soul must rule it.
Resurrection of the Body vs. Immortality of the Soul.
Trichotomism (I Thess. 5:23)
Physical Body- like plants and animals
Soul- psychological element, reason, emotion
Spirit- religious element
Self is a complete union of body, soul, and spirit.
A human cannot exist apart from a body.
Hebrew does not have a word for body.
Paul uses different words but always thinks of a unitary being.
We believe in a soul because the Bible talks about it and because a part
of the image of God in us is that we never die. The soul is not our conscience
but it is related. One element of our spirit or the spiritual
side of us is the conscience. It is the instrument the Holy Spirit uses to
warn us of sin and wrong.