Grand Duke Michael Alexandrovich's Valet,
Brian Johnson Has Name Cleared
Grand Duke Michael Alexandrovich stands behind his wife Natalya (centre) during a family dinner in Cannes. Brian Johnson, circled, sits
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He had devoted his life to serving his master - and, even in the face of certain death, that loyalty never wavered.
Yet for 90 years, Briton Brian Johnson - murdered by Bolshevik revolutionaries in Russia - was officially branded an 'enemy of the people'.
As valet to Michael Romanov, younger brother of Tsar Nicholas II, Johnson had known he faced execution as the 300-year-old dynasty was swept aside in 1917.
Michael pleaded with his faithful servant to flee to the safety of Britain - but Johnson bravely refused to leave his side.
On June 12, 1918, both were shot by a bloodthirsty rabble.
As Johnson lay dying, the wounded Michael went to his aid, begging the execution squad: 'Let me say goodbye to my friend.' Moments later, he too was dead.
Now, however, the Kremlin has officially rehabilitated Johnson - meaning he no longer carries any stain of guilt on official records.
The Russian government declared Johnson, Michael and other members of the Imperial Family had been unlawfully persecuted and killed by the feared Cheka, the forerunner to the KGB.
'The analysis of old archive materials leads to the conclusion that these persons were subject to persecution in the form of arrest, exile and surveillance by the Cheka without being charged with any specific crime, on account of their class and social status,' said officials.
Johnson's remains have never been found. Nor have those of Michael, whose brother Nicholas and his family were infamously murdered a month later.
It is not known if Johnson has any relatives in Britain to celebrate the official clearing of his name.
Johnson had been Grand Duke Michael's private secretary since 1912 and was described as being 'round faced, not very tall, and speaking three languages'. His father, Nicholas, was a Briton, although it is not known exactly where he was from.
Nor is it known how he came to meet and marry Brian's mother, a Russian woman who was a music teacher at the Russian Imperial Court.
Brian Johnson was an accomplished pianist, and a shared love of music led to his friendship and then employment with the lanky Michael.
The pair became known as 'Little and Large' around the court. Michael represented his brother, the Tsar, at the funerals of both Queen Victoria in 1901 and Edward VII of England in 1909.
As a result of his travels, he became something of an Anglophile.
Many of his tastes and preferences shaped during those years reflect those of the English aristocracy. He was an accomplished equestrian, an avid automobile driver, and loved animals and country living.
Johnson's moment in Russian history came in 1917 after Tsar Nicholas abdicated on behalf of himself and his sole heir, his haemophiliac son Alexey, 12.
Rather than renounce the throne altogether, Nicholas quit as absolute ruler in favour of his younger brother.
Johnson was involved in drawing up Michael's response a day after Nicholas' abdication on 15 March.
The response did not turn down the throne, but agreed to accept it only if Russia became a constitutional monarchy supported by the 1917.
'will of the people'. Russian historians argue that while never crowned, Michael technically ruled for a matter of hours before Russia was declared a republic by the provisional government.
Aware of the dangers ahead, Michael told Johnson he should flee to Britain, but the aide refused to go unless Michael went with him to safety.
But the royal refused to leave Russia, which was then engulfed in the First World War. Both were soon exiled to the city of Perm.
Despite having to report to the guards every day at 11am, they lived in some luxury in a hotel, with a Rolls Royce at their disposal, much to the chagrin of local Bolsheviks.
It was local 'workers' who conducted the execution in a nearby forest - apparently on the orders of Vladimir Lenin, founder of the Soviet Union, amid fears the anti-revolutionary White Russians would liberate Michael.
Michael was struck by the first bullet, then Johnson was shot and mortally wounded.
After going to Johnson's aid the wounded Michael was shot at point blank range in the head.
The servant's antique watch was stolen by the man who killed him, Andrei Markov.
He boasted years later: 'I took it as a memory of him after I shot him dead.
'Since that moment, I haven't taken it off. It hasn't required any repair work.'
The murders were the first in an orgy of Romanov killings between June 1918 and January 1919. In all, 18 members of the Imperial Family were executed.
The Daily Mail