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Friday, 13 September 2013
Thousands Take Part in Alexander Nevsky Tercentenary Ceremonies in St. Petersburg
Now Playing: Language: Russian. Duration: 4 minutes, 6 seconds
Topic: Nevsky, Alexander
 
Tens of thousands of Orthodox Christians, monarchists, Cossacks and Russian military took part in a procession along the Nevsky Prospekt in St. Petersburg yesterday, marking the 300th anniversary of the Alexander Nevsky Monastery. This famous monastery is named after the patron saint of the northern capital. 

The participants assembled in the square in front of the Kazan Cathedral and proceeded along the Nevsky Prospekt carrying the miraculous Kazan icon of the Mother of God. This procession was originally established by the Empress Elizabeth, daughter of Peter the Great some 270 years ago. This is the first time that the procession has been held since the Revolution in 1917.

The Monastery of the Holy Trinity and St.Alexander Nevsky was founded in 1710 by Tsar Peter I in memory of the victory of Prince Alexander Nevsky over the Swedes in the Battle of the Neva in 1240. On April 5, 1713, in St. Petersburg, in the presence of Peter I, the wooden Church of the Annunciation was consecrated. This day is considered the official founding date of the Alexander Nevsky Lavra.

Patriarch of Moscow and All Russia, Kirill held a Divine Liturgy in the Holy Trinity Cathedral of the Alexander Nevsky Monastery. The relics of St. Alexander Nevsky were solemnly transferred from Vladimir to the new capital of Russia September 12, 1724 by decree of Peter the Great. The Alexander Nevsky is the center of spiritual enlightenment and high Christian culture in St. Petersburg. 

In the necropolis of the Alexander Nevsky Monastery buried best people of Russia - Dostoyevsky, Karamzin, Lomonosov, Suvorov, Tchaikovsky. 

During my recent visit to St. Petersburg in June 2013, I had the opportunity of visiting the Alexander Nevsky Lavra. The last time I visited this historic monastery was shortly after the fall of the Soviet Union in 1991. Years of restoration have brought the lavra back to life, and whilst much of Alexander Nevsky Lavra’s riches and original pieces have been looted and destroyed over the years, it remains a beautiful site and one imbued with history. 
 
For more information on Alexander Nevsky and the Alexander Nevsky Lavra, please refer to these articles;

Alexander Nevsky Lavra in St. Petersburg Celebrates 300th Anniversary

Saint Alexander Nevsky

Russians Celebrate Alexander Nevsky Feast Day 

© Paul Gilbert @ Royal Russia. 13 September, 2013


 


Posted by Paul Gilbert at 11:30 AM EDT
Updated: Friday, 13 September 2013 11:55 AM EDT
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Thursday, 6 December 2012
Russians Celebrate Alexander Nevsky Feast Day
Topic: Nevsky, Alexander

 

On December 6 the Russian Orthodox Church remembers Saint Grand Prince Alexander Nevsky, born in 1219. He was a descendant of Prince Vladimir the Sun, and is considered by the Russian Orthodox Church to be equal to the Apostles.

Nevsky was the Prince of Novgorod and Grand Prince of Vladimir during some of the most trying times in the history of Ancient Rus. Commonly regarded as the key figure of medieval Rus, Alexander was the rose to legendary status on account of his military victories over the German and Swedish invaders while accepting to pay tribute to the powerful Golden Horde.

The Neva battle of 1240 saved Rus from a full-scale enemy invasion from the North. Because of this battle, 19-year-old Alexander was given the sobriquet "Nevsky" (which means of Neva). This victory, coming just three years after the disastrous Mongol invasion of Rus, strengthened Nevsky’s political influence, but at the same time it worsened his relations with the boyars. He would soon have to leave Novgorod because of this conflict.

After Pskov had been invaded by the crusading Livonian Knights, the Novgorod authorities sent for Alexander. In spring of 1241 he returned from his exile, gathered an army, and drove out the invaders. Alexander and his men faced the Livonian heavy cavalry led by the master of the Order, Hermann, brother of Albert of Buxhoeveden. Nevsky faced the enemy on the ice of the Lake Peipus (Lake Chud) and defeated the Teutonic Knights during the Battle of the Ice on April 5, 1242.

In the late 13th century, a chronicle was compiled called the Life of Alexander Nevsky, in which he is depicted as an ideal prince-soldier and defender of Russia.

Veneration of Alexander Nevsky as a saint began soon after his death. The remains of the prince were uncovered in response to a vision, before the Battle of Kulikovo in the year 1380, and found to be incorrupt. He was glorified (canonized) by the Russian Orthodox Church in 1547. His principal feast day is November 23 (which falls on December 6 according to the current calendar).

By order of Peter the Great, Nevsky’s relics were transported to the Alexander Nevsky Lavra in St. Petersburg where they remain to this day. A second feast day was instituted on 30 August in commemoration of this event. He is also commemorated in along with other saints of Rostov and Yaroslavl on May 23.

© Russkiy Mir. 06 December, 2012



Posted by Paul Gilbert at 7:42 PM EST
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