Anna Anderson Voted One of the Worlds Great Liars Topic: Conspiracy Theories
Anna Anderson (born Franziska Schanzkowka ) and Grand Duchess Anastasia Nicholayevna
Copyright Notice: The following excerpt was originally published in the September 3rd, 2015 edition of The Guardian. Catherine Johnson owns the copyright of the condensed version presented below.
Catherine Johnson shares her list of the top 10 liars in history, Anna Anderson is voted No. 4:
All writers are liars, and all stories – even when they contain truths – are make-believe. I am fascinated by con artists and fraudsters who, either out of sheer audacity or sheer desperation, leave reality behind and remake themselves into something fabulous. And a lot of the time we want to believe in their fantastic creations.
Of course, most con artists and fraudsters are just out for our money, but the ones I’ve picked out here wanted something else – often attention, but sometimes acceptance and occasionally love.
No one knew for certain what happened to the four daughters of the last Russian Tsar until their skeletons were discovered in 1991. That was eight years after the death of a woman who had lived as Anastasia, the youngest of the Romanov princesses.
Anna wrote her “autobiography” in 1957, which included the story of her incredible escape from Russia on a farm cart, a claim so far-fetched that many called it a fairytale. But in those pre-DNA testing days, she had as many supporters as detractors.
The truth, of course, is much sadder. Anna Anderson was born Franziska Schanzkowka in Germany in 1896. In 1922, after a suicide attempt, she was admitted into a psychiatric hospital in Berlin where she refused to give her name. She was called Fraulein Unbekannt – Miss Unknown – and the staff said she spoke German with a Russian accent. A fellow patient told a Russian noble living in Berlin that Miss Unknown was in fact one of the four daughters of the Russian Tsar. The story spiralled from there. Many didn’t believe her, but there were always people who wanted to her tale to be true. Anna Anderson’s life ended in America where she died aged 87 in 1984. A post-mortem DNA test finally proved conclusively that she was not the tsar’s daughter.
More on the Latest Anna Anderson Theory Topic: Conspiracy Theories
Anna Anderson Manahan
The Anna Anderson Manahan drama has resurfaced once again. Yesterday, I reprinted an article translated from ITAR-TASS on a new book by leading Russian historian Veniamin Alekseyev, who disputes the fact that the entire family of the last tsar were murdered. The story generated a tremendous response from readers who contacted me to share their own personal views (both negative and positive) on the issue. One fact remains clear: Anna Anderson Manahan still has a faithful following of believers. I would like to clarify again, that I do not believe that this woman was the youngest daughter of Tsar Nicholas II. I firmly maintain that the entire family were all murdered by the Ural Soviets in the basement of the Ipatiev House in the early morning hours of July 17th, 1918. There were NO survivors! Having said that, some have questioned me as to WHY I would publish articles about this issue. It is important to point out that this blog is a clearinghouse for information and news about the Romanov dynasty, their legacy, the Russian monarchy and the history of Imperial Russia. Like it or not, the story of Anna Anderson Manahan will forever remain a piece of Romanov history—Paul Gilbert.
The following article was originally published in the February 27th, 2014 edition of The Siberian Times, who own the copyright presented below.
Tsar's daughter may, after all, have escaped the execution which wiped out the royal family, says new book.
DNA evidence seemed to have put an end to the the claims of American Anna Anderson and others to be the lost princess. Now a new book to be published in Yekaterinburg, scene of the slaying of the Russian royals, will challenge the view that all the Romanovs were shot in a dank cellar in July 1918.
Anastasia - the youngest of the tsar's four daughters - was 17 when she was supposedly killed in 1918.
What makes the theory even more intriguing is that the author is leading Russian historian Veniamin Alekseyev, an academician of the Russian Academy of Sciences who was a member of the Russian government commission which investigated the authenticity of bones purporting to the those of the royals. He became convinced Nicholas II's remains had been found, but he is far less certain about Grand Duchess Anastasia's, whose bone remnants are - officially - interred in St Petersburg.
'I do not assume presumptuously she was executed by the Bolsheviks, nor do I assume she remained alive', he said, reported Itar-Tass. 'This is for the reader to decide. On the basis of the archive documents discovered, and new Russian and foreign evidence I have seen since 1991 as a scientist, I have reasons to believe the royal family's fate is not as certain as it has been believed for almost 100 years'.
The mysterious Anna Anderson - also known at various times by the family names Tschaikovsky and Manahan - was for years during the Cold War seen as a possible Anastasia, though her claim was rejected by a number of relatives and servants of the royal family after they met her. Later DNA tests after her death in 1984 were seen to establish her real identity as Franziska Schanzkowska, a Polish factory worker with a history of mental illness. A lock of her hair and medical samples showed no link to the Romanovs, according to scientists.
Yet the author of the new book - 'Who are you, Ms Tchaikovskaya?' - is concerned that she has been labelled an imposter too easily.
Alekseyev has unearthed documentary evidence from the Russian State Archive and elsewhere to produce 'the first-ever publication of evidence of the imperial family's confidantes, opinions of Romanov House members and doctors, who treated the woman and came to the conclusion 'the patient's identification as the Grand Duchess is quite possible and even probable'.'
Russian historian Veniamin Alekseyev
He argues against the sole reliance on DNA testing of remains discovered in the Porosyonkov log locality, near Yekaterinburg. Historians have ignored archive documents that cast considerable doubt over this version, he said.
'The interests of both the Bolsheviks and Kolchak (leader of the White Guard Movement which opposed Communism) under whose auspices the Yekaterinburg tragedy was investigated in 1918, uniquely coincided in this case. The former needed an image of an uncompromising new government determined to wipe out the old world without a trace, and the latter - a Great Russia without an emperor,' said Alekseyev.
Alekseyev admits he touches on a very delicate issue regarding whose remains were buried in the Peter and Paul Cathedral in St Petersburg. He hopes for new insights when documents pertaining to the royal family are released in 2018. These evidently concern secret diplomatic contacts between Germany and the Soviet Union over the German born tsarina Alexandra and her daughters, and a possible secret exchange in the First World War.
Leading French historian Marc Ferro has long argued that the wife of Nicholas II and the imperial couple's daughters were saved. Documents in Vatican archives are said to support this.
'Why such mercy on the part of the Bolsheviks? After the leftist Social-Revolutionaries assassinated German Ambassador Mirbach, Wilhelm II could breach the Treaty of Brest-Litovsk, which would have ruined the Soviet regime. Therefore, they had to negotiate,' said Alekseyev. 'All over the world this issue has been degraded for decades by unpretentious stage productions, garbage literature and films.
'We need scientific clarity over this complicated issue. Therefore, I am only publishing the documents. Where the truth lies, is up to the readers to decide.'
In 1995 Alekseyev discovered a document in the Siberian town of Tobolsk which convinced him the tsar's bones had been discovered.
'Before I got my hands on these documents six months ago I had strong doubts that the remains were those of the Tsar. But today my doubts have vanished,' he said at the time.
One of Alekseyev's documents belonged to a dentist, Maria Rendel, who examined Nicholas from late 1917 until mid-1918. Rendel wrote that the Tsar had 'a mouthful of rotten teeth'. Decades later a medical expert studying what was thought to be the Tsar's skull said it showed signs of the dental disease paradontosis.
The historian has long argued that evidence hidden in Russian archives, and those of European royal families, can hold clues as to the fate of the Russian royals. Following Anderson's appearance, the Soviet Foreign Minister Georgi Chicherin said: 'The fate of the young daughters of the czar is at present unknown to me. I have read in the press that they are now in America'.
Ferro pointed to testimony from Gleb Botkin, who identified the tormented Anderson as the grand duchess.
'Being the son of Dr. Botkin, the tsar's physician who was murdered with him at Yekaterinburg, (Gleb) knew the sisters well and was their playmate for several years, right down to their incarceration at Yekaterinburg. He recognised her at once as Anastasia,' said Ferro.
Anderson appeared in Berlin in 1920. Originally she was labelled Fraulein Unbekannt - Miss Unknown - after refusing to give her identity. Later she used the name Tschaikovsky. An investigation by the tsarina's brother concluded she was Franziska Schanzkowska, though she remained a focus of media attention.
She emigrated to the United States in 1968, marrying Virginia history professor Jack Manahan.
The Russian Orthodox Church has long expressed reservations over the authenticity of the bones. DNA tests conducted in several Western countries were said to match the bones to a number of royal relatives, including Philip, the husband of the British Queen, Elizabeth II.
Russian Historian Speculates That Tsar's Daughter Might Have Escaped Execution Topic: Conspiracy Theories
H.I.H. Grand Duchess Anastasia Nikolaevna (1901-1918)
Despite the overwhelming evidence that Anna Anderson Manahan was not the Grand Duchess Anastasia Nikolaevna, conspiracy theories and urban myths continue to surface. Most people now believe she was Franziska Schanzkowska, a Polish peasant. DNA tests conducted in 1991 on a sample of Anderson's tissue, (part of her intestine removed during her operation in 1979), plus several strands of Anderson's hair proved her to be an impostor. Now, an aclaimed Russian historian presents yet another theory, one which has been making headlines in the Russian media this week. Personally, I do not support the idea that the youngest daughter of Nicholas II escaped Ekaterinburg, I am reprinting the following article translated from ITAR-TASS for information purposes only—Paul Gilbert.
Russian Emperor Nicholas II’s youngest daughter, Grand Duchess Anastasia Nikolaevna, might have escaped execution in 1918, lived up to 83 years and died in the US under the surname of Manahan, previously known as Anastasia Tchaikovskaya and Anna Anderson. This is the version offered by a leading Russian historian, academician of the Russian Academy of Sciences (RAS) Veniamin Alexeyev in his book “Who are you, Ms. Tchaikovskaya?” The study, together with the accompanying letters, references, photos and witnesses’ evidence, has been submitted for print to the Yekaterinburg publishing house Basco. It is expected to come out in March, Alexeyev told ITAR-TASS on Tuesday.
The new book is based on documents of the Russian State Archive and is the first-ever publication of evidence of the imperial family’s confidants, opinions of the Romanov House members and doctors, who treated the woman and came to the conclusion “the patient's identification as the Grand Duchess is quite possible and even probable”.
“I do not assume presumptuously she was executed by the Bolsheviks, nor do I assume she remained alive. This is for the reader to decide,” says the historian. “On the basis of the archive documents discovered, and new Russian and foreign evidence I have seen since 1991 as a scientist, I have reasons to believe the royal family’s fate is not as certain as it has been believed for almost a hundred years.”
According to Alexeyev, Russia’s dominating version of the royal family's death is primarily based on the DNA testing of the remains discovered in the Porosyonkov log locality, near Yekaterinburg in the Urals. Meanwhile, he adds, archive documents that cast considerable doubt over this version are practically ignored.
“The interests of both the Bolsheviks and Kolchak [commander of the Imperial Russian Navy, one of the leaders of the White Guard Movement] under whose auspices the Yekaterinburg tragedy was investigated right in the aftermath in 1918, uniquely coincided in this case. The former needed an image of an uncompromising new government determined to wipe out the old world without a trace, and the latter - a Great Russia without an emperor,” said Alexeyev.
Alexeyev admits he touches upon a very delicate issue of whose remains were buried in the Peter and Paul Cathedral in St. Petersburg. But the academician hopes the 'i's will be dotted in 2018, when the term of secrecy of international relations between Soviet Russia and Germany expires. According to French scholar Marc Ferro, who worked with archive documents in Vatican, the papers say the wife of Nicholas II and the imperial couple’s daughters were saved.
Veniamin Alexeyev is a famous Soviet and Russia historian, Doctor of Historical Sciences, founder of the Institute of History and Archaeology of the RAS branch in the Urals and its Head in 1988-2013. In 2006 he was decorated with the Demidov Prize for scientists. In 1991-97 Alexeyev represented Russia in the International Committee for the Conservation of the Industrial Heritage (TICCIH).
American Magnates Ordered Murder of Nicholas II - Historian Topic: Conspiracy Theories
Disclaimer: The following article appeared in the Russian press this week, it is the latest "conspiracy theory" on the murders of Tsar Nicholas II and his family in July 1918. It is important to note that Royal Russia does not subscribe to this theory, I am merely sharing the story on this blog. Paul Gilbert, Editor
Pyotr Multatuli, a researcher at the Academy of Sciences, with a PhD in History and author of six books about Nicholas II is convinced that assassination of the last Russian emperor's family was ordered in the USA.
"The crime was initiated by the Bolshevik government in Moscow, mainly by the head of the All Russian Central Executive Committee Yakov Sverdlov, and Shaya Goloshchekin, Yakov Yurovsky, Alexander Beloborodov executed it in the Urals. The details were cleared out when the White Army came into Yekaterinburg. There was an investigation and investigator Nikolay Sokolov played an important part in it, he managed to take the materials out to Europe," Multatuli was quoted as saying by the Argumenty i Fakty daily.
In 1922, Sokolov decrypted secret talks between Sverdlov and Yurovsky where it was mentioned that the USA gave an order "to liquidate the whole family." The order was conveyed to Moscow through American mission that then was located in Vologda.
A community of transnational capital was formed in the USA in the early 20th century, representatives of certain financial and industrial circles were its members. Its headquarters was located in New York. The community strove to establish world hegemony and set up unipolar world, the edition writes.
Besides financial and industrial component, the community had mystical and occult character. There were its followers all around the world. These people could not realize their plans without eliminating autocratic Orthodox Russia. Therefore the monarch aroused organization's irreconcilable animosity, the author writes.