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Monday, 9 January 2017
A Century After the Russian Revolution, Will Putin Bury Lenin?
Topic: Bolsheviks

 
The embalmed corpse of Vladimir Lenin on display in the mausoleum on Red Square in Moscow
 
This is an abridged version of an article by Steve Gutterman, originally published by Radio Free Europe.
It has been abridged and edited from its original by Paul Gilbert, Founder of Royal Russia.
Disclaimer: No copyright is claimed by Royal Russia, but published for information purposes only.

The embalmed corpse of Vladimir Lenin, whose seizure of power following the Bolshevik Revolution sealed the fate of the Romanov dynasty and ushered in more than 70 years of communist rule, lies on view in a squat stone mausoleum just outside the Kremlin walls.

Amid intermittent calls from Russians to put Lenin in the ground, Putin -- who is often described as pragmatic -- may have been weighing the possibility for years. And 2017, the centenary of the revolution, would seem like the time to do it.

For one thing, burying Lenin could drive home the message that revolution is bad.

He criticized Lenin last January, accusing him of planting a "time bomb" beneath the state and sharply denouncing brutal repressions by the Bolshevik government. Putin went further when he denounced Lenin and his government for brutally executing Russia's last Emperor along with all his family and servants. "Why did they kill Dr. Botkin, why did they kill the servants, people of proletarian origin by and large? What for? Just for the sake of concealing a crime," Putin said during a meeting with pro-Kremlin activists. 

Others have gone further. Natalia Poklonskaya, a Russian lawmaker and former prosecutor in the Russian-imposed government of Crimea, lumped Lenin together with Hitler and Mao Zedong as "monsters" of the 20th century. And ultranationalist Zhirinovsky has called for Moscow's Leninsky Prospekt -- Lenin Avenue -- to be renamed after Ivan the Terrible.

In a reference to the Bolshevik Revolution during his state-of-the-nation address on December 1, Putin said that coups invariably lead to "the loss of human life, casualties, economic decline, and misery." He warned against "speculating on tragedies that occurred in nearly every Russian family" as a result of the revolution -- a warning, at least in part, not to try anything like it again.

More broadly, burying Lenin would add substantially to Putin's legacy, etching him in history as a leader who made a big break with the Soviet past. It could help him replace Lenin as a father figure and aid his quest to unite Russian citizens around some overarching national idea -- a goal that has so far been elusive.

There have been calls for Lenin's burial since the Soviet Union fell apart in 1991. In 2013, a poll by the independent Levada Center found that only 25 percent of Russians believed his body should remain in the mausoleum on Red Square.

But the Kremlin has always been cautious, concerned about offending those who feel nostalgia for the Soviet era and about angering the Communists -- who have come in second in every parliamentary election since 1995, when they came in first.

Just as the Bolsheviks feared that revealing the location where the bodies of Tsar Nicholas II and his family were dumped after they were shot in a provincial cellar in 1918 would give them posthumous power as martyrs and spark protests, post-Soviet leaders have worried that moving Lenin's body from its prominent place could give leftist Kremlin opponents more force and focus.

Putin will want to avoid any step that would "unleash forces that are going to get out of control very fast," Anna Arutunyan, author of the book The Putin Mystique: Inside Russia's Power Cult, said in a Power Vertical Podcast on RFE/RL in November. "Such an emotional thing as this -- it could actually backfire in terms of creating more support for the Communist Party instead of less."

Mark Galeotti, a senior policy fellow at the Institute of International Relations in Prague believes, however, that Putin's government could seek to put paid to such a threat -- and also clear the body off Red Square -- by publicly casting his burial as a "final gesture of respect" for a man who played a crucial role in Russian history, good or bad.

But as 2017 approached, Russian officials made it clear that Putin plans to use the 100th anniversary of the Bolshevik Revolution as an occasion to plug the idea of national unity. While Putin may see Lenin's burial as a chance to do just that, he could also decide that Russia is still not ready for such a step.

"There is this backlash against Lenin, but he is still in the mausoleum, and I'm not really seeing him being taken out of the mausoleum any time soon," Arutunyan said.
 
Click here to read the full version of Steve Gutterman's article.
 


© Radio Free Europe / Steve Gutterman. 9 January, 2017
 

 

Posted by Paul Gilbert at 6:41 AM EST
Updated: Monday, 9 January 2017 2:24 PM EST
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Saturday, 3 December 2016
Soviet War Hero Refused to Shake Hands with Nicholas II's Killer
Topic: Bolsheviks


This article was researched from Russian media sources and written by Paul Gilbert, Founder of Royal Russia © 2016

December 1st marked the 120th anniversary of Soviet war hero Marshall Georgy Konstantinovich Zhukov (1896-1974). Zhukov is recognized as the most acclaimed Soviet military commander during World War II, particularly for Russia’s victory over the Nazis in the Battle for Berlin in 1945. He is the most decorated general in the history of the Soviet Union.

An article published in the November 29th edition of the daily Russian newspaper Komsomolskaya Pravda, revealed some little known facts about this man. Of particular interest is a meeting between Zhukov and the man who murdered Russia’s last tsar in 1918 Peter Ermakov. 

Georgy Zhukov was appointed commander of the Urals Military District from 1948 to 1953. According to the official version Zhukov was sent to the Urals, because he illegally exported from Germany works of art. But according to unofficial, he had simply fallen out of favor with Stalin. It appears that Stalin was jealous of Zhukov's popularity among the Soviet people.

During his years in Sverdlovsk (now Ekaterinburg), he was fascinated in the history of the city and region. According to friends, Zhukov was distressed by the shooting of Nicholas II and his family by the Ural Soviet on 17th July 1918. Zhukov believed that it was necessary to save the monarch and his family. 

It was during those same years in Sverdlovsk that great honour was being enjoyed by yet another local: Peter Ermakov. After the Civil War Ermakov became a policeman, and was later promoted as head of the prison in 1927. Ermakov met regularly with workers' collectives and bragged that it was he who pulled the trigger of his revolver, ending the life of Russia’s last emperor and tsar. This dreadful act of regicide was rewarded with the renaming of a street in his honour in the Ural capital. [Note: Ulitsa Ermakova was renamed Kluchevskaya in the 1990s - PG]. Zhukov gnashed his teeth while witnessing all these honours.

Finally, in 1951 the two men met. At a reception, which gathered all the local Party elite, Peter Ermakov approached General Zhukov and held out his hand. Frowning in disgust Zhukov looked Ermakov in the eye, and muttered, "I do not shake the hands of the murderers."
 
For more information on Peter Ermakov, please refer to the following article:

Communists Lay Flowers at the Grave of the Murderer of Russia's Imperial Family

© Paul Gilbert @ Royal Russia. 3 December, 2016
 

 

Posted by Paul Gilbert at 11:14 AM EST
Updated: Saturday, 3 December 2016 11:29 AM EST
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Tuesday, 19 July 2016
Communist MP Repents for Bolshevik Killings of Russia's Last Imperial Family
Topic: Bolsheviks


"Forgive us, Sovereign!"
 
This article researched and translated from Russian media sources and written by Paul Gilbert, Founder of Royal Russia © 2016

Sergei Sibikin, a Communist Party deputy of the Legislative Assembly of Orenburg has issued a unique repentance for the murder of the last Russian emperor Nicholas II and his family by the Bolsheviks in 1918. 

He has paid for the placement of four billboards with the image of the royal family and the inscription "Forgive us, Sovereign!" in the Russian cities of Orsk and Mednogorsk. Sibikin, who is currently campaigning in regional elections, acknowledged during a campaign speech that the billboards are timed to the 98th anniversary of the murder of the royal family, but also emphasized that he does not support a restoration of the monarchy in Russia.
 
The Communist Party of the Russian Federation is preceded by the Communist Party of the RSFSR (1990-91), preceded by the CPSU (1912-1991) and preceded by the RSDLP or Bolsheviks (1898-1918).

© Paul Gilbert @ Royal Russia. 19 July, 2016
 

 

Posted by Paul Gilbert at 10:50 AM EDT
Updated: Tuesday, 19 July 2016 10:56 AM EDT
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Wednesday, 13 April 2016
Russia Discloses Exorbitant Cost Of Maintaining Lenin's Body
Topic: Bolsheviks


The Russian media reported this week that it will cost nearly $200,000 to maintain Lenin's body annually. The body of Bolshevik Revolution leader Vladimir Lenin has been on display in the Mausoleum on Red Square in central Moscow for over 90 years

The Russian Federal Protection Service (FSO) is planning to spend more than 13 million rubles (some $200,000) in 2016 on the preservation of the embalmed body of Bolshevik Revolution leader Vladimir Lenin, on display in the Mausoleum on Red Square for over 90 years, a FSO spokesman said on Tuesday.

A laboratory of medical and biological structures of the All-Russia Research Institute of Medicinal Plants founded in 1924 shortly after his death is responsible for maintaining Lenin's corpse.

Its employees worked to preserve the body in 1941 when it was evacuated to the Siberian city of Tyumen amid fears that Moscow could have been captured by German troops.

The Moscow laboratory also helped to embalm the bodies of Bulgaria’s Georgi Dimitrov in 1949, Vietnam’s Ho Chi Minh in 1969, North Korea’s Kim Il-sung in 1994 and other Communist leaders.

Many Russian citizens and politicians believe that the Bolshevik government came to power by criminal means, and that Lenin personally gave the order to murder Tsar Nicholas II and his family in 1918. Further, he is responsible for the deaths and suffering of millions of innocent people when he unleashed the Civil War and the Red Terror that followed. His hatred towards religion led to the endless violence against the Russian Orthodox Church. Lenin also signed the shameful Treaty of Bretsk-Litovsk with Germany on March 3, 1918.

© TASS / Paul Gilbert @ Royal Russia. 12 April, 2016
 

 

Posted by Paul Gilbert at 1:23 PM EDT
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Thursday, 21 January 2016
Russians Celebrate Anniversary of Lenin's Death
Topic: Bolsheviks


The photo was taken in 1998, and while some may view it in poor taste, it is refelction of
how popular opinion of Lenin has deteriorated in post-Soviet Russia. Cake any one?
 
Today marks the 92nd anniversary of the death of Vladimir Ilyich Lenin. Back in 1998, a group of Russians marked the anniversary with a celebration which included a life-size cake (photo above) of the Bolshevik leaders' corpse as it looks in the Red Square mausoleum. Similar celebrations - though perhaps less macabre - are marked annually across Russia.

Many Russian citizens and politicians believe that the Bolshevik government came to power by criminal means, and that Lenin personally gave the order to murder Tsar Nicholas II and his family in 1918. Further, he is responsible for the deaths and suffering of millions of innocent people when he unleashed the Civil War and the Red Terror that followed. His hatred towards religion led to the endless violence against the Russian Orthodox Church. Lenin also signed the shameful Treaty of Bretsk-Litovsk with Germany on March 3, 1918.
 
Meanwhile, the topic of a possible burial of Lenin is not presently on the Kremlin's agenda, Russian presidential press secretary Dmitry Peskov said this week.

"There is no such question, neither in the field of discussions, nor in the field of some applied arguments and preparations. This issue is not on the agenda at all," he told reporters.

He was responding to requests to comment on the remarks made by President Vladimir Putin earlier on Thursday, in which he criticized the actions and ideas of the leader of the revolution which in his view eventually led historical Russia into ruin.

For more information on Lenin and the Bolsheviks destruction of the monarchy, efforts to remove his remains from Red Square, and more, please review the following 17 illustrated articles in the Royal Russia blog:

Lenin and the Bolsheviks - review 17 illustrated articles

© Paul Gilbert @ Royal Russia. 21 January, 2016


 


Posted by Paul Gilbert at 9:40 AM EST
Updated: Friday, 22 January 2016 9:20 AM EST
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Saturday, 26 December 2015
Bill Introduced in Russian State Duma to Bury Lenin
Topic: Bolsheviks


The body of Bolshevik leader Vladimir Lenin
 
One Russian official has taken the initiative of revisiting the issue of removing Vladimir Lenin’s corpse from Red Square. There has been a growing movement since the fall of the Soviet Union in 1991 to bury the Bolshevik leaders remains in a cemetery. 

Russian State Duma Deputy Ivan Konstantin Sukharev - a member of the Liberal Democratic Party of Russia (LDPR) - has introduced to the State Duma, a bill urging his colleagues to resume the debate on the burial of Vladimir Lenin and the transfer of his body to one of Moscow's cemeteries. His bill also calls for the elimination of the cemetery where prominent Bolshevik and Soviet officials are buried near the Kremlin wall in Moscow.

According to Sukharev, the purpose of drafting the bill is necessary - “for the creation and promotion of the new symbols of Russia, reflecting the historical stage of unity, awareness of national identity of Russians building a democratic state, free from the domination of ideology - whose symbol remains Lenin’s mausoleum.”

"Russia cannot be considered a modern civilized state as long as a corpse remains in Red Square - the main square of the nation - the existence of Lenin’s mausoleum is simply unacceptable. Further, the misery and deprivation which Lenin’s actions and policies brought down upon his people and the state are incalculable," - said Ivan Sukharev.

He also notes: "In my view, Lenin in the history of Russia is quite unique. We know that during the 22-year reign of Nicholas II, that Russia's population increased by 60 million people. After Lenin seized power the nation experienced revolution and a Civil War, the population decreased by at least 30 million - clearly a very negative statistic in the history of our nation. "

The bill also notes that many descendants of immigrants who wish to return to our country, are so far unable to do so, identifying the mausoleum of the Bolshevik regime leader that had brought so much suffering to their families.

"The proposal to bury the remains of Vladimir Ulyanov (Lenin) has long been supported by the hierarchs of the Church. Further, the existence of Lenin's mausoleum is incompatible with the religious traditions and Russian society's growing desire for Christian values" - is also stated in the draft law. 
 
Note: Many Russian citizens and politicians believe that the Bolshevik government came to power by criminal means, and that Lenin personally gave the order to murder Tsar Nicholas II and his family in 1918. Further, he is responsible for the deaths and suffering of millions of innocent people when he unleashed the Civil War and the Red Terror that followed. His hatred towards religion led to the endless violence against the Russian Orthodox Church. Lenin also signed the shameful Treaty of Bretsk-Litovsk with Germany on March 3, 1918 - Paul Gilbert
 


© Paul Gilbert @ Royal Russia. 26 December, 2015
 

 

Posted by Paul Gilbert at 9:14 AM EST
Updated: Saturday, 26 December 2015 9:35 AM EST
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Thursday, 22 October 2015
St. Petersburg Lawmaker Proposes Memorial Day for the Romanov Dynasty
Topic: Bolsheviks


St. Petersburg lawmaker Vladimir Petrov wants Russia to forget the Bolshevik Revolution
Photo: The Pogrom of the Winter Palace by Ivan Vladimirov, 1917  
 
A lawmaker from the Leningrad Region is asking the government to institute a Memorial Day for the Romanov Dynasty, to fall on November 7. It would replace the anniversary of the 1917 Bolshevik Revolution, which the MP denounces as a “negative event.”

“November 7 must become the day of memory of the tsar’s family and all victims of the revolutionary events of 1917-1922. We must admit to a large extent that the October Revolution was one of the most destructive events since the fall of the Roman Empire or Byzantium,” Vladimir Petrov said in his interview with Izvestia daily.

The lawmaker also claimed that the possibility of Romanovs’ return to Russia was broadly discussed in the community, as well as the idea to grant a special legal status to imperial heirs. He also said that “the whole country was closely watching” the new round of the reburial of the Nicolas II and his family.

Petrov also said that the Bolshevik Revolution of 1917 had no positive effect on Russia’s development and emphasized that the killing of the last tsar and his family and entourage was not a legitimate act. The politician expressed hope that instituting the Romanov Memorial Day would promote the civil dialogue in the country and eventually lead to overcoming of numerous political and historical contradictions.

Vladimir Petrov is a member of the legislative assembly of the Leningrad Region – the territory around the country’s second-largest city of St. Petersburg, which was called Leningrad during the Soviet period, but regained its historical name after the fall of Communism.

This is not the first monarchy-related initiative put forward by Petrov. In June this year, he addressed the heads of the two remaining branches of the Romanov Imperial House with a request to return to Russia, promising them special legal status and residence in one of the historic palaces in Crimea or St. Petersburg. He also promised that he and his colleagues from the Leningrad regional legislature would very soon develop and draft a bill “On the special status of representatives of the tsars’ family” that would give some guarantees to the returning Romanovs to Russian soil.

Representatives of the Russian Imperial House reacted to the initiative by saying that some representatives of the dynasty were ready to move to Russia, but such a move had to be decent and solemn.

At the same time, opinion polls do not confirm Petrov’s claims that Russian society was eager to see the tsars back. Research conducted in 2013 in connection with the 400th anniversary of the Romanov royal house showed that 28 percent of Russian citizens would agree to the rule of tsars, but only 6 percent said that this modern monarch must be from the Romanov dynasty. About 13 percent maintain that a contemporary Russian politician could become a new tsar and suggested a nationwide referendum to decide on the candidate.

The majority - 67 percent - said that Russia should leave the monarchy in the past and remain a democracy.

© Russia Today. 22 October, 2015
 

 

Posted by Paul Gilbert at 8:54 AM EDT
Updated: Thursday, 22 October 2015 9:06 AM EDT
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Wednesday, 12 August 2015
ROCOR Calls Upon Mayor of Moscow to Remove Voikov's Name from Capital City Map
Topic: Bolsheviks


Emperor Nicholas II, his family and four faithful retainers were all murdered on July 17th, 1918
 
His Eminence Metropolitan Hilarion of Eastern America and New York, the First Hierarch of the Russian Orthodox Church Outside of Russia, called upon Mayor Sergey Sobyanin of Moscow to remove the name of Petr Voikov, one of the organizers of the murder of the Royal Family, from the maps of the capital.

“We know of your reasonable and constructive position on this serious and long-overdue matter. We pray and hope that the Municipality of Moscow adopt the only true, lawful and historically-founded decision to remove the name of Petr Voikov from the map of Moscow,” states the letter address to Mr Sobyanin.

The existence of this name on the map of the capital “prevents the healing of wounds brought about by the Civil War, and enables the artificial support of division within the Russian people,” noted His Eminence.

He pointed out that Voikov was “one of the darker and repulsive personas in the history of Russia, and we cannot find a single positive action in his life.”

“Terrorism, the organization of the lawless and beastly vengeance against the defenseless Royal Family and their aides, then the hiding of evidence of this crime through the destruction of the remains of the executed bodies with fire and sulfuric acid, and the subsequent sale of the treasures of the Diamond Fund and the Hermitage’s holdings at a heavy discount are on the resume of this unprincipled and cruel man,” the letter states.

The letter goes on to say that society has unsuccessfully been requesting the removal of Voikov’s name from the map of Moscow for a quarter century, and that “this evokes surprise among Russian people who live in various countries of the world, to foreigners with a friendly, positive and loving attitude towards Russia, who understand her role in the world and wish her the greatness and prosperity.”
Metropolitan Hilarion is especially troubled and bewildered by the “planned naming of the renovated metro station on the Ring Line in honor of Voikov.” As His Eminence noted, this means that “the securing for posterity of the name of this evil terrorist and executioner continues.”

Mayor Sobyanin had earlier declared in an interview with the radio station Govorit Moskva that the municipal authorities are prepared to rename the Voikov Metro Station. This idea was supported by the Russian Orthodox Church and other social organizations.
 
For more information on Petr Voikov, please refer to the following link:

Campaign to Rename Moscow Metro Station Honouring Regicide Gains Momentum

© Official website of the Synod of Bishops of the Russian Orthodox Church Outside of Russia. 12 August, 2015
 

 

Posted by Paul Gilbert at 6:26 AM EDT
Updated: Wednesday, 12 August 2015 7:51 AM EDT
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Friday, 7 November 2014
7 November 1917: The Russian Winter Palace Falls
Topic: Bolsheviks


Copyright Notice: The following article was originally published in the November 7th, 2014 edition of Money Week. The author Matthew Partridge, owns the copyright of the work presented below.

In March 1917, riots and rebellions forced Nicholas II to abdicate as Tsar of Russia. Power passed to an unruly ruling council that included factions ranging from aristocrats and members of the military to socialists.

With people dissatisfied with the council’s slow reforms and the decision to continue World War I, demonstrations and protests continued to increase.

By July, several members had left the coalition and the radical faction was in control, with Alexander Kerensky as prime minister. Kerensky pursued a strategy of allying himself with the Bolsheviks and arming their supporters, while isolating remaining moderates and conservatives.

This proved to be a huge miscalculation. Instead of working with him, the Bolsheviks simply used their growing influence to further undermine his government.

With an election weeks away, the Bolshevik leader Vladimir Lenin ordered his forces to seize control. By 6 November, they were in control of most of the then-capital Petrograd (St Petersburg), leaving the Winter Palace, which was the seat of government, ripe for the taking.

Reinforced by sailors from the naval cruiser Aurora and heavy artillery, Lenin issued an order for the final attack.

The Winter Palace was defended by only a few troops and the result was inevitable: it fell in the early hours of the following day. Kerensky and other leaders escaped into exile, and Lenin took over the machinery of government, though not all cities would come under Soviet control until the next year.

Despite substantial popular resistance to their rule in the first few years, the communists would not relinquish power until 1991. 
 
© Matthew Partridge / Money Week. 07 November, 2014
 

 

Posted by Paul Gilbert at 6:07 AM EST
Updated: Friday, 7 November 2014 6:15 AM EST
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Friday, 18 July 2014
Communists Lay Flowers at the Grave of the Murderer of Russia's Imperial Family
Topic: Bolsheviks


On July 16th Sverdlovsk communists laid flowers at the grave of the killer of the Romanov family, the revolutionary Peter Ermakov. The ceremony was headed by Alexander Ivachev, leader of the local Communist Party Branch.

Peter Ermakov, born at Ekaterinburg in 1884 was a Bolshevik commissar, notable as having been among those responsible for the murders of Tsar Nicholas II, his immediate family, and their retinue. In 1935, Ermakov gave an interview to the American journalist Richard Halliburton, describing the burning and destruction of the bodies of the Imperial family and their servants. He died in 1952 at the age of 70.

Ivachev issued the following statement the day before: "Tomorrow, July 16th, the Sverdlovsk Komsomol will lay flowers at the grave of the revolutionary Peter Ermakov enforcing the decision of the Ural Regional Council for the execution of Nicholas II and his family. The event is dedicated to the beginning of the Tsar's Days,"- said the head of the Sverdlovsk branch of the Communist Party.

He also confirmed that several days ago, the monument was doused with red paint, the second time since the 90s and that the Communists intend to clean it up and lay flowers. Local monarchists are blamed for dousing Ermakov’s grave. The red paint being symbolic of the blood this evil man spilled and his involvement with one of the most heinous crimes in 20th century Russian history. 
 
© Paul Gilbert @ Royal Russia. 18 July, 2014
 

 

Posted by Paul Gilbert at 4:55 PM EDT
Updated: Friday, 18 July 2014 5:00 PM EDT
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