Topic: Peter the Great
The 17th century house in the Dutch city of Zaandam where Russian tsar Peter the Great lived during the first days of his 1697 visit to Holland was closed for renovation on Thursday, RIA Novosti reports. “The museum closes for the work and will reopen in March 2013,” said Zaans Museum, which administers the building. The renovation is due to take about three months.
The house was built in 1632 from old ship's wood. A heavy wooden frame was built in late 19th century to support the old structure. Later it was encased in a brick building on the order of Russia’s last tsar Nicholas II.
Peter the Great, who came to power at the end of the 17th century, was determined to modernize Russia. At the age of 25, he travelled to the Dutch Republic, the leading power at that time. It was his first foreign visit.
Peter the Great stayed in Zaandam only for the eight days and studied shipbuilding incognito, posing as a Russian carpenter named Pyotr Mikhailov.
The house was designated a historical monument in the 18th century. It was handed over to the Russian royal family in 1886, but in 1948 the heirs of the Romanov family returned the building to The Netherlands.
© Russkiy Mir. 30 November, 2012
In Russian the monument is called “ the copper horseman” though it’s actually made of bronze. The famous Russian poet Alexander Pushkin was the one calling the horseman “copper” in his narrative poem of 1833.
Commissioned by Catherine the Great, the statue was erected on Senatskaya Square. In correspondence with the Empress, the famous philosopher Denis Diderot suggested French sculptor Étienne Falconet to create the monument. Before erecting the statue, Falconet did a lot of research about Russia and Peter the Great, says director Andrei Konchalovsky who knows a lot about the sculptor.
"Peter the Great was a mystery for any foreigner so Falconet wanted to understand his character. The monument is unusual –Peter has no symbols of power like orb and scepter. He is more of a hero, athlete on a horse rearing at the edge of a cliff. Falconet carved from life and as this was the pre-photography era a guard officer on a rearing horse was posing for him everyday."
It took Falconet 12 years to finish the monument. The statue was unveiled marking 100 years of Peter the Great’s ascension to the throne.
A horseman on a large stone is dominating the Neva embankment having survived the Revolution of 1917, the renaming of city to Leningrad and back and many other things. Its engraving says to Peter the Great from Catherine II.
The horseman’s outstretched arm is pointing towards Sweden while Stockholm has a monument to Karl XII pointing towards Russia reminding of fierce battles between the countries. Then, Peter defeated Sweden and gained access to the Baltic Sea.
The legend has it that during the Siege of Leningrad the statue was covered with sandbags and a wooden shelter. After the shelter was removed someone painted the Medal for the Defense of Leningrad on the horseman’s chestand it remained untouched for a long time.
© The Voice of Russia. 7 August, 2012
Public quarters in St Petersburg, Russia’s former Imperial capital, held a number of functions Saturday to mark the 340th anniversary since the birth of the city’s founder, Russian Tsar Peter I, who is also known in history as Peter the Great, ITAR-TASS reports.
To pay tribute to the tsar, who is broadly viewed as one of the greatest reformers in Russian history, flowers were laid at various sites commemorating him across the city territory, including the bust at his tomb in the Imperial Vault of the St Peter and Paul’s Cathedral, the Bronze Horseman on Senate Square, the bust at Moskovsky railway station, and the monument to the Czar-Carpenter on the Admiralty embankment.
Also taking part in the ceremonies were members of the Preobrazhensky Leib-Guard Regiment military history club, performers from the city’s numerous theaters, the choir and the orchestra of the St Petersburg Court Capella.
The traditional noon cannon shot at the St Peter and Paul’s fortress was dedicated to Peter I. It was carried out by members of the Congress of Tsar Peter’s cities – St Petersburg, Moscow, Azov, Arkhangelsk, Voronezh, Yekaterinburg, Murom, Omsk, Petrozasvodsk, and others.
In the evening, the Capella hosted a gala concert. The choir of State Singers Choir, instituted by Peter I, turned overtime into the Imperial Court Capella. Friday night, all the works included in the program were dedicated to Peter I.
St Petersburg started celebrating the tsar’s birthday as an official holiday seven years ago.
© Russkiy Mir. 10 June, 2012
Peter the Great outstripped the competition in a bid to become Russia’s next president in a rehearsal vote held in 12 voting stations in Moscow on Saturday.
His opponents were Alexander the Great, Napoleon Bonaparte, Winston Churchill, and Genghis Khan, the Moscow election committee said, RIA-Novosti reported.
The voting followed the procedures to be used in the presidential election on March 4. The rehearsal was also an opportunity to test the video cameras installed at each location.
The ballots included information about each candidate, including date of birth, nominating party, marital status and a summary of achievements.
At one voting station, twenty-six voted for Peter the Great, six for Genghis Khan, and four for Alexander the Great, while Napoleon Bonaparte and Winston Churchill each received two votes.
City-wide, Peter the Great won by a large margin.
© St. Petersburg Times. 29 February, 2012
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