Vologda House With Romanov History Slated for Demolition Now Playing: Language: Russian. Duration: 2 minutes, 44 seconds Topic: Nicholas Mikhailovich, GD
A unique 105-year-old wooden building with a Romanov history is threatened with destruction in the Russian city of Vologda. It was here in 1918, that the Grand Duke Nicholas Mikhailovich lived in exile for nearly four months. Many Russians regard the grand duke as a highly respected historian, one with an impressive legacy. He was a member of the French Academy, Honorary Doctor of History and Philosophy from the University of Berlin, Honorary Doctor of History from Moscow University, and President of the Imperial Russian Historical Society, the Society of Pomology and the Russian Geographic Society.
On March 30th 1918, the grand duke departed by train from Petrograd in the company of his personal cook and his close friend and assistant Constantine Brummer, who had insisted on going with him in spite of the Grand Duke's protestations. The following day they arrived at Vologda, where they were lodged in the former house of Maria Grigorieva, built in 1908. Initially he could move freely around town. His brother, the Grand Duke George Mikhailovich and his cousin, the Grand Duke Dimitri Konstantinovich had also been exiled to Vologda and they visited each other frequently. Allowed to do as he pleased so long as he remained within the city limits, the grand duke occupied his time reading.
On July 21, 1918, Nicholas Mikhailovich was transferred to Petrograd, where he was imprisoned at the Kresty prison and later the Spalernaia prison. On the night of 27–28 January 1919, he, along with the Grand Dukes Dimitri Konstantinovich, George Mikhailovich and Paul Alexandrovich were moved to the Peter and Paul Fortress where they were shot to death by a Bolshevik firing squad. Grand Duke Nicholas Mikhailovich’s murder was carried out despite the protests of Gorky, Lunacharsky, and the French Government, all of whom tried to save him.
A petition has now been filed by local residents with Vsevolod V. Tschubenko, Head of the Department of Culture and Cultural Heritage Protection of the Vologda region, urging him to preserve the building and to recognize it as a monument regional historic significance, one which preserves the memory of an outstanding figure of Russian history and an outstanding representative of the Romanov family.
They also maintain that the destruction of the house would carry with it the memory of the revolutionary drama of the time, a dark period in Russian history when untold thousands of innocent Russians, along with members of the Imperial Family were murdered during the Red Terror.