Russian Archives Unveils Online Project Dedicated to 400th Anniversary of the Romanov Dynasty Topic: 400th Anniversary
The Russian Federal Archival Agency have launched an online project dedicated to the 400th Anniversary of the Romanov Dynasty. The project has been prepared to familiarize the public with historic documents relating to the Romanov dynasty held in the Archives Fund of the Russian Federation.
The web site includes 1377 photographs and other images, and 587 original archival documents from the following archives: Russian State Archive of Ancient Acts, State Archive of the Russian Federation, State Archive of the Kostroma region, photographs of the Moscow Kremlin State Historical and Cultural Museum-Preserve and the State Historical Museum. The documents, photographs, etc from the archives are organized chronologically by tsars and emperors of the Romanov dynasty.
Also presented are the family correspondence members of the House of Romanov - from Tsar Mikhail Fedorovich to Emperor Nicholas II, autographs of tsars and emperors and their families, documents outlining the organization of their daily life, education, hobbies, interests and abilities. Many rare personal items belonging to the Romanovs can also be seen on display in this web site.
Rare documentary evidence of marriages of Russia’s sovereigns can also be seen from the 17th-20th centuries, and materials on favourable marriages between members of the House of Romanov with representatives of major European dynasties.
Other documents of interest include materials on the circumstances and the course of palace coups, rare documents on the organization of the coronation ceremonies and the royal and imperial regalia. Then, you can see the unique materials on the organization of burials of members of the Russian Imperial family, ceremonies mourning processions, etc.
This archival web site, dedicated to the 400th anniversary of the Romanov dynasty, will be of particular interest to scholars and historians, allowing them access to new documents held in a variety of Russian archives. The web site is only available in Russian.
Concert at State Hermitage Honours Romanov Dynasty Now Playing: Language: Russian. Duration: 1 hour Topic: 400th Anniversary
This story is nearly a year old, however, it is still noteworthy. On March 6th, 2013, the State Hermitage Museum hosted a unique concert marking the 400th anniversary of the Romanov dynasty. The concert featured the Imperial Mikhailovsky Theatre orchestra and choir, under the direction of artistic director and maestro Alexei Karabanov, who performed a collection of music celebrating the history of the Romanov dynasty and their legacy.
The concert was held in the Nicholas Hall of the former Winter Palace, and based on a similar concert held in 1913 marking the 300th anniversary of the Romanov dynasty. Documents found in the archives indicate that some of the works performed for the 300th anniversary concert were selected by Emperor Nicholas II.
The Nicholas Hall was originally simply known as the Great Hall, and was the setting for many Imperial balls and receptions. Following the death of Emperor Nicholas I in 1855, a large equestrian portrait of the late tsar was hung from the wall, and the hall was renamed the Nicholas Hall.
The concert opens with a beautiful rendition of God Save the Tsar, sung by the Mikhailovsky Theatre Choir - observe as many of the people seated in the audience stand at attention for the former Imperial anthem. Works by other Russian composers such as Glinka, Tchaikovsky, Glazunov and Mussorgsky are also featured in this concert.
This hour long video offers some beautiful music, refelctive of an extremely important event in the history of Russia, with the election of the first tsar in 1613, who founded the dynasty and ruled the Russian Empire for more than 300 years. I highly recommend setting aside a quiet evening complete with your favourite beverage, sit back, relax and allow this wonderful compilation of tunes take you back in time to the splendour and glory of old Russia. Enjoy!
Music of the Great Dynasty Presented in Ekaterinburg Topic: 400th Anniversary
Emperor Alexander II, Grand Duchess Alexandra Iosifovna and Grand Duke Konstantin Konstantinovich
On December 19th, the premiere of Music of the Great Dynasty was held at the Ural College of Music in Ekaterinburg. The event was sponsored by the Ural Region Ministry of Culture in honour of the 400th anniversary of the House of Romanov.
The musical works created by Emperor Alexander II, Grand Duchess Alexandra Iosifovna and Grand Duke Konstantin Konstantinovich were performed during the concert.
The first concert honouring the musical works of members of the Romanov dynasty was performed in 2009 in the Hall of Church Councils of the Cathedral of Christ the Saviour in Moscow by the orchestra "Globalis". The premiere performance was also timed to mark the 150th anniversary of the Russian Musical Society, which was the birth of Russian professional musical culture and the opening of the first music schools and conservatories in Russia.
With the support and participation of representatives of the Romanov family, known for both their musical tastes and generous financial support of the music society in the 19th century, the Romanov dynasty made significant contributions to the Russian musical culture. The musical creativity of members of the Russian Imperial family was virtually unknown outside of their own family circles before the Revolution.
The Music of the Great Dynasty will continue the series of events dedicated to the 70th anniversary of the Ural College of Music (Sverdlovsk music school at UGC) and will be the prelude to the celebration marking the 155th anniversary of the Russian Musical Society, which will be celebrated in 2014, also named the Year of Russian Culture.
The Romanovs Created the Russian Empire Topic: 400th Anniversary
Last week, the Secretary of the St. Petersburg regional branch of the United Russia Party, and Chairman of the Legislative Assembly of St. Petersburg, Vyacheslav Makarov, opened an international conference on the 400th anniversary of the House of Romanov.
"The history of Russia is a combination of great victories and achievements, but also one of heavy defeats," - said Vyacheslav Makarov at the opening of the conference - "As we mark the 400th anniversary of the Romanov dynasty, we are reminded of the role in which monarchy and the dynasty have played in the history of both Europe and Russia. The Romanov Dynasty strengthened the Russian empire, and did everything to ensure that the country prospered, including the expansion of of the empire, and occupying one of the most important places in the world. At the same time - and most importantly, preserving their identity. The Romanovs created the Russian Empire."
Choosing the Mariinsky Palace as the venue for the conference was symbolic: it was built on the orders of Emperor Nicholas I, as a present to his daughter Grand Duchess Maria Nikolaevna of Russia on the occasion of her marriage to Maximilian, Duke of Leuchtenberg, Eugène de Beauharnais's son. The palace later hosted meetings of the State Council of the Russian Empire under the chairmanship of Emperor Alexander III, and later his son, Emperor Nicholas II took place in the rotunda of the palace from the 1890s to the end of the Russian monarchy in 1917.
"The history of the Romanovs - is the story of a large country," - said Kichedzhi - "Our city served as the capital of the Empire for more than 200 years, and today is considered one of the finest cities in the world, both that of a European city, and a stronghold of a great Russia."
The Romanov dynasty determined the development of the country for more than three centuries. "It is important to understand this unique historical experience and appreciate the contribution that the dynasty contributed to the development of Russian statehood. The conference also discussed the development of the relationship between the European and Russian ruling dynasties, as well as the role of dynastic rule to statehood.
The Ukraine has issued a special postage stamp in honour of the 400th anniversary of the Romanov dynasty. Ukrposhta, the national state enterprise of postal service of Ukraine, has released a special stamp depicting the portraits of the first Romanov ruler, Tsar Michael Feodorovich and the current Head of the Russian Imperial House, HIH Grand Duchess Maria Vladimirovna.
Ukrposhta also released a set of envelopes which reflect the Romanov dynasty in the history of the Crimea. The envelope shows the Massandra and Livadia and palaces, as well as the Church of the Ascension of Christ at Foros, the beautiful memorial church built to commemorate the miraculous survival of Emperor Alexander III and his family after the rail disaster at Borki in 1888.
The ceremony marking the 400th anniversary of the Romanov dynasty took place during a reception at the Livadia Palace on September 22nd, in which members and representatives of some 39 royal houses (both reigning and non-reigning) from around the world attended.
On Sunday, September 29, 2013, His Holiness Patriarch of Moscow and All Russia Kirill, visited Novospassky Monastery in Moscow, which on this day became the center of ecclesiastical and social celebrations of the 400th anniversary of the Romanov dynasty.
Near the gates of the monastery, His Holiness celebrated the rite of consecration of bells, created in honour of the 400th anniversary of the Romanov dynasty. At the entrance to the tomb of the Romanov Boyars His Holiness blessed a new monument also marking the 400th anniversary of the Romanov dynasty. The new monument is a sculpture composition with the image of the first tsar of the Romanov Mikhail Feodorovich and the last - Tsar-Martyr Nicholas II. Then, the Primate of the Russian Church, led the service of the Divine Liturgy at the Holy Transfiguration Cathedral of the monastery.
Since the end of the 15th century, the monastery has been patronized by the Romanov boyars. Upon the Romanovs' ascension to the Moscovy throne, Tsar Michael Feodorovich completely rebuilt their burial vault in the 1640s. Among the last Romanovs buried in the monastery were Xenia Shestova (the mother of the first Romanov Tsar), Princess Tarakanoff (a pretender who claimed to have been the only daughter of Empress Elisabeth) and Grand Duke Sergei Alexandrovich, son of Emperor Alexander II and husband of Grand Duchess Elizabeth Feodorovna.
In 2013 Novospassky Monastery became a major center of the celebrations of the 400th anniversary of the accession of the Romanov dynasty.
Old and New Romanov Portraits Topic: 400th Anniversary
Two previously unseen portraits of members of the Romanov dynasty have made their debut this month. The portrait of the Grand Duchess Olga Alexandrovna is part of a new exhibition, The Romanovs: Portait of a Dynasty, currenly running at the State Historical Museum in Moscow.
It is a previously unknown portrait of the youngest daughter of Emperor Alexander III, painted in 1905 by the Russian artist Pyotr I. Neradovsky. Prior to the Revolution the portrait hung in the Alexander Palace at Tsarskoye Selo. It has been kept in storage for decades but has been specially restored for the Moscow exhibition. Neradovsky (1875-1962) was a gifted artist, art historian and museum curator.
The portrait of Emperor Alexander III was painted by the Philip Moskvitin, a contemporary Russian painter who specializes in portraits of famous Russians, both past and present including saints, writers, philosophers, scientists, and members of the Romanov dynasty. His other portraits of members of the Russian Imperial family include Emperor Nicholas II, Empress Alexandra Feodorovna, Emperor Alexander I, Grand Duchess Elizabeth Feodorovna, and Tsar Alexis Mikhailovich. His latest Romanov portrait painted in 2013, depicts Emperor Alexander III in full coronation dress. It is based on a similar portrait of the emperor by Alexander Petrovich Sokolov in 1883, for the coronation album.
From September 4-8, 2013, at Holy Trinity Cathedral in Toronto, Canada, ceremonies were held dedicated to the 400th anniversary of the House of Romanovs. By decision of the Synod of Bishops of the Russian Orthodox Church Outside of Russia, the center of the celebrations was the Canadian Diocese, and the Toronto church specifically, which boasts the largest parish in the entire Russian diaspora. The celebrations began with the arrival of two miracle-working icons of the Mother of God: the Kursk-Root Icon “of the Sign” and “Softener of Hardened Hearts,” also called “of the Seven-Arrows.” The visit began with a moleben and akathist in the cathedral, headed by His Eminence Metropolitan Hilarion of Eastern America and New York, First Hierarch of the Russian Orthodox Church Outside of Russia.
September 5 was the first day of a working session of the Synod of Bishops, also held in Toronto, and Mitred Protopriest Vladimir Malchenko, Senior Priest of the cathedral, and Protopriest Michael Luboschinksky, Rector of Veil of the Holy Mother Church in Hamilton, Ontario, celebrated Divine Liturgy.
On Friday, September 6, the members of the Synod of Bishops visited the youth summer camp “Ruskoka,” located in a picturesque region of Ontario, on the Muskoka River. The organization’s director, Mr Alexander Viktorovich Sakuta, and volunteer counselors, who had all spent many years working at the camp, ceremoniously and lovingly received the miracle-working images of the Mother of God. The archpastors took a tour of the campgrounds, after which they performed a moleben at Holy Martyr Tsarevich Alexey Chapel, built in the traditional Russian wooden style.
Saturday, September 7, also began with Divine Liturgy at Holy Trinity Cathedral by the local clergymen. Then, all the churchgoers were offered brunch at the parish hall, where the great number of those gathered heard lectures by Mr VV Chukanov on Tsar Alexey Mikhailovich and Mr Yuri Miloslavsky on Emperor Paul I. Ms ON Kulikovskaya then talked about the work her organization, the Grand Duchess Olga Alexandrovna Foundation, does. The duchess was the sister of Tsar-Martyr Nicholas II.
That Saturday evening, Holy Trinity Cathedral, where there are usually 300-400 worshipers for Saturday night vigil, was filled beyond capacity. Metropolitan Hilarion led the service, joined by His Eminence Archbishop Kyrill of San Francisco and Western America, His Eminence Archbishop Gabriel of Montreal and Canada (who originated the idea of holding a celebration for the Romanov Dynasty in his diocese), His Eminence Archbishop Michael of Geneva and Western Europe, His Grace Bishop Peter of Cleveland and His Grace Bishop George of Mayfield.
The crowning moment of the event was Sunday’s Divine Liturgy headed by Metropolitan Hilarion along with the other archpastors, as well as other honored guests: His Grace Bishop Iov of Kashira, Head of the Patriarchal Parishes in Canada, and His Grace Bishop Irenee of Quebec of the Orthodox Church in America. Mr George Skok led the cathedral choir, which sang beautifully and ceremoniously at all services.
The final “act” in the celebration of the 400th anniversary of the Romanov Dynasty was a banquet, at which Metropolitan Hilarion addressed the audience, as did Archbishop Gabriel, Archbishop Kyrill, Bishop Peter, Bishop Iov, Bishop Irenee, Fr Vladimir, Mr SV Chernenko, Associate Consul of the Russian Federation in Toronto, Ms Magdalena Zinyak, Vice President of Omni Video, and others.
A concert was also given, divided into two parts: a performance by the “Troitskiye Solovushki” children’s choir under Ms MV Bakhvalova and Mr Skok’s cathedral choir. Both executed inspired performances which moved their audience. Vladyka Gabriel drew attention to the fact that George Skok, renowned throughout the Church Aborad, has been a choir director for forty years. Georgy Anatolievich was given a gramata of blessing signed by the members of the Synod of Bishops, which the eminent choir director received with tears of gratitude.
Exhibition: The Romanov's: Portrait of a Dynasty Topic: 400th Anniversary
A new exhibition, The Romanov's: Portrait of a Dynasty opens today at the State Historical Museum in Moscow. The exhibit is dedicated to the 400th anniversary of the Romanov dynasty, featuring grand and royal portraits from the collection of the State Historical Museum.
The State Historical Museum has a rich collection of Russian art, and an important repository of grand and royal portraits. For the first time in one exhibition space are portraits of all the members of the royal family, executed in painting, sculpture, miniature, graphics and photos. As a result of the addition of such an ensemble is the opportunity to showcase the "Romanov portrait" as a bright phenomenon of Russian culture. The chronological framework of the exhibition covers a little more than three centuries - from 1613 to 1917. It is divided into sections corresponding to the main periods of the Romanov era.
The exhibition features more than 400 exhibits, including the works of painters, sculptors, miniaturists, graphics and photos: John Doe, A. Makovsky, IE Repin, FS Rokotoff; Antokolsky, RR Bach, IP Vitali, BK Rastrelli DI Evreinova; AP Bryullova, GS Verey, PF Sokolov, among others. Many of the works are on display for the first time, such as the portrait of Grand Duchess Olga Alexandrovna by the Russian artist P. I. Neradovsky, which for many years was kept in storage and has been specially restored for this exhibition.
During their reign, which spanned a little more than three centuries, the Romanovs were often the subjects of art - being painted, sculptured and photographed by both Russian and foreign artists. In addition to portraits, the exhibition will show genre works that reveal important events and the day-to-day life of the Romanovs: the coronations, events of social and cultural life, court life, war scenes, etc. The exhibition also includes Romanov Memories which features personal items, autographs and memorabilia of individual members of the Russian Imperial family.
Particular attention is also paid to the many great dukes and duchesses. Among the many generations of the Romanovs were many extraordinary people, endowed with an iron will, strong character, fiery temperament and outstanding ability. For more than three centuries, many of the grand dukes occupied important government posts, and played a prominent roles in the social, political and cultural life of the Russian Empire. Among them were the Grand Duke Konstantin Konstantinovich - poet and playwright, President of the Imperial Academy of Sciences; the Grand Duke Nicholas Mikhailovich - prominent historian and one of the founders of the national science about butterflies - lepidopterist; Grand Duke Georgy Mikhailovich - the outstanding numismatic, managing the Russian Museum; the Grand Duke Peter Nikolaevich - an outstanding architect and builder; Grand Prince Dmitry Konstantinovich - a noted horse breeder; Grand Duke Alexander Mikhailovich - the creator of the national air force; the Grand Duchess Olga Alexandrovna - a talented artist, who left behind a huge artistic heritage through her paintings; the Grand Duchess Maria Pavlovna—the Younger - a gifted designer, based in Paris, she collaborated with the fashion house Chanel.
The Romanov's: Portrait of a Dynasty runs from September 17, 2013 to January 30, 2014, at the State Historical Museum in Moscow.