Yalta Unveils Monument to Russian Imperial Architect Nikolai Krasnov Topic: Yalta
Monument to Russian Imperial architect Nikolai Krasnov in Yalta by the sculptor Sergei Nikitin
A monument to the famous Russian imperial architect Nikolai Krasnov was unveiled today in the Crimean city of Yalta.
The monument was created by the famous sculptor Sergei Nikitin, and placed at the foot of Ulitsa Ekaterininskiu (Catherine Street). The full-length bronze monument is mounted on a granite pedestal, surrounded by flowerbeds.
Nikolai Petrovich Krasnov (1864 – 1939) was an architect, academic, and painter of architectural scenes. Between 1887-1899, he served as chief architect of Yalta. His projects included the construction of Yalta’s seaside promenade and sewage system, the Alexander Nevsky Cathedral, and other famous buildings.
He is probably best known as the architect of some of the most beautiful palaces and residences for members of the Russian Imperial family along the Black Sea coastline in the early 20th century. These include Dyulber (Grand Duke Peter Nikolaevich), Harax and the Church of St. Nina (Grand Duke George Mikhailovich), plus the Yusupov Palace in Koreiz and hunting lodge at Kokoz.
Livadia Palace, watercolour by Nikolai Krasnov
Krasnov’s most famous work is the Livadia Palace, constructed between 1909-1911. It became a favourite residence of Emperor Nicholas II and his family, who stayed at the palace during the autumns of 1911 and 1913 and the springs of 1912 and 1914. According to Ukrainian historian Serhii M. Plokhi, Krasnov tutored the tsar’s children in drawing during their stays at Livadia.
In 1913, Krasnov compiled an album of illustrations for over 60 of his works, and he presented it to the St Petersburg Academy of Arts. A Russian edition of his album of watercolours was published in the Ukraine several years back, and sold in Yalta bookshops.
After the revolution, Krasnov emigrated to Serbia where he continued to work, particularly Belgrade, who on the initiative of HM King Alexander I, in the period between the two World Wars, started building the Royal Compound in Belgrade. Nikolai Krasnov died on December 8th, 1939 and is buried in the Russian section of the New Cemetery in Belgrade.