On This Day: Tsesarevich Alexei Nikolaevich was Born Topic: Tsarevich Alexis
Tsesarevich Alexei Nikolaevich, Peterhof, June 1914
Photo Courtesy: Foundation Pierre Gilliard Cantonal University Library (BCU) in Lausanne (Switzerland)
Grand Duke and Tsesarevich Alexei Nikolaevich was born on 12 August 1904 [O.S. 30 July 1904] . He was the youngest child and only son of Emperor Nicholas II and Empress Alexandra Feodorovna. He was the last heir apparent to the throne of the Russian Empire.
He was born in the Lower Dacha at Peterhof. Alexei inherited hemophilia from his mother, a condition that could be traced back to her maternal grandmother Queen Victoria.
After the February Revolution of 1917, he and his family were sent into internal exile in Tobolsk, Siberia. He was murdered alongside his parents, four sisters, and four retainers on 17 July 1918 by order of the Bolshevik government.
The family was formally interred on 17 July 1998—the 80th anniversary of their murders. The family was canonized as holy martyrs by the Russian Orthodox Church Abroad in 1981, and canonized as passion bearers by the Moscow Patriarchate in 2000.
His remains were discovered at Porosyonkov Log, near Ekaterinburg in 2007. They are currently being held at the Novospassky Monastery in Moscow.
Click on the link below to read a biography about Alexis by Augusta Pobedinskaja, plus 10 photos:
A new monument to Tsesarevich Alexei Nikolaevich (1904-1918) has been unveiled at the Saint Nicholas Berlyukovsky Monastery, situated on the outskirts of Avdotyino, a village on the Vorya River, 42 kilometres northeast of Moscow.
The unveiling and consecration of the monument to the only son of Emperor Nicholas II and last heir to the Russian throne took place on July 7th. The monument to Tsesarevich Alexei was made by the Russian sculptor Mikhail Leonidovich Serdyukov. The installation of the monument is a joint project of the Saint Nicholas Berlyukovsky Monastery and the Revival of Cultural Heritage Charity Fund.
At the base of the monument is a large granite memorial plaque engraved with the words of Archpriest of the military and naval clergy of the Russian Empire Georgii Ivanovich Shavelshkii, who personally knew the Tsesarevich.
The monument is situated on the "Romanov Walk of Fame" - a path within the grounds of the historic monastery that also contains similar monuments to members of the Russian Imperial family who contributed to the history of Russia and Saint Nicholas Berlyukovsky Monastery: Emperor Paul I (2015), Emperor Nicholas I (2015), Grand Duke Mikhail Nikolayevich (2011), Emperors Alexander I and Alexander III (2012), Emperor Alexander II (2013) and Nicholas II (2014). There are plans to inaugurate similar memorials to Grand Duke Sergei Alexandrovich and his wife, Grand Duchess Elizabeth Feodorovna.
This project is aimed primarily at the patriotic education of our compatriots, the popularization of the great history of Russia, its heroes, generals, priests and rulers, who gave all their strength for the prosperity of the country.
Alexei: Russia's Last Imperial Heir, A Chronicle of Tragedy Topic: Tsarevich Alexis
Alexei: Russia’s Last Imperial Heir, A Chronicle of Tragedy
462 pages with 94 black and white illustrations
NOW IN STOCK!
Tsesarevich Alexei Nikolayevich, is the subject of Margarita Nelipa's newest book, published by Gilbert's Books - the publishing division of Royal Russia. Alexei: Russia’s Last Imperial Heir, A Chronicle of Tragedy is the first comprehensive biography in English about Emperor Nikolai II’s only son, and Russia’s last imperial heir who was born during wartime and died during Russia’s revolutionary upheaval. She examines all the interconnecting political and social issues that prevailed during the Tsesarevich’s lifetime.
From the first day of his birth to his last hour, Alexei’s medical crises weave throughout the book. The inherited ailment affected his behavior and influenced the education he received. Using medical data, Nelipa exposes the truth about Rasputin’s telegrams that purportedly alleviated Alexei’s near fatal condition in Spala in 1912. Despite his hemophilia, Nelipa discovered that Alexei, like all Romanov males, did have a planned military career and yet the malady swayed Nikolai II to also abdicate on his son’s behalf.
During his lifetime, Alexei participated in several momentous national events, including the centenary of the Battle at Borodino in 1912 and the Romanov Tercentenary in 1913. Accompanying his father, the Supreme Commander-in-Chief, Alexei witnessed several theaters of war during 1915-16. Though he, like his sisters did not witness the revolutionary conflict on the streets of Petrograd or Tsarskoe Selo, he did suffer the consequences of his father’s downfall – firstly as a prisoner of the Provisional Government and after that, by the Leninist Regime. Supported by documentary evidence, Nelipa explains why the Provisional Government forced the imperial family into exile. Nowhere else can one read the full harrowing account of the imperial family’s life in Siberia that began with their detention in Tobolsk. It is impossible not to develop compassion for Alexei, who towards the end of his short life, unable to walk, died in a cellar because of who he was. The story of the family’s exile reveals a close loving family who focused on Alexei’s well-being despite the hardships imposed on all of them by the revolutionary forces.
Nelipa once again relies on Russian primary sources which include diaries, letters, wartime and official government and military documents as well as memoirs and newspapers of the day besides Alexei’s own set of letters and diary all translated by the author. Extensive annotations, several appendices and illustrations add strength to this work. A year-by-year portrait study also offers a fresh dimension to this biography of Tsesarevich Alexei Nikolayevich – Russia’s last imperial heir.
Margarita Nelipa is a historian of Russian heritage with medical and legal training. Her previous books, Alexander III: His Life and Reign (2014) and The Murder of Grigorii Rasputin, A Conspiracy that Brought Down the Russian Empire (2010), are also published by Gilbert's Books, the publishing division of Royal Russia. She is also resident writer for the bi-annual publication, Royal Russia: A Celebration of the Romanov Dynasty and Imperial Russia.
Tsarskoye Selo Acquires Tsesarevich Alexei's Prayer Book at Auction Topic: Tsarevich Alexis
A prayer book, originally owned by Tsesarevich Alexei Nikolaevich, son of Emperor Nicholas II and last heir to the Russian throne has been acquired by the Tsarskoye Selo State Museum Preserve. The item was bought at an auction held in the United States.
The auction was held on November 18th-19th, 2014 at Jackson's International Auctioneers and Appraisers in Cedar Falls, Iowa. The small prayer book dated 1910 with dedicatory inscription to Tsesarevich Alexei Nikolaevich was purchased by the museum for $3,750 USD.
Click on the link below to read the full article posted in the Royal Russia News section of our web site:
Today, marks the 110th anniversary of the birth of the Tsesarevich Alexei Nicholayevich. Born on August 12th [O.S. July 30th], he was the youngest child and only son of Emperor Nicholas II and Empress Alexandra Feodorovna, and the long awaited heir to the Russian throne.
He was born with hemophilia, and today, a prayer service will be held in his memory at the Novospassky Monastery in Moscow for those who suffer from the disease.
Click on the link below to read a biography about Alexis by Augusta Pobedinskaja, plus 10 photos:
The Tsarevich - a Biopic About the Last Imperial Family of Russia Topic: Tsarevich Alexis
Actor Michael Fitzgerald plays Tsarevich Alexei in Faugerolas' new film.
Copyright Notice: The following article was originally published in the June 4th, 2014 edition of The Moscow Times. The author Ali Sar owns the copyright presented below.
For French director and film student Geoffroy Faugerolas, 15 minutes is all that is needed to retell the Romanovs' final day.
Filmed in Los Angeles, "The Tsarevich" is a biopic by the 22-year-old Frenchman about the last imperial family of Russia. However, unlike earlier cinematic works about the royals, Faugerolas and his team tell the story from the point of view of young hemophiliac Prince Alexei, the heir apparent to the throne of the Russian Empire.
"We tell the story of Prince Alexei," Faugerolas told The St. Petersburg Times, adding, "It's the human side of the events. Previous feature films dealt with politics. Ours is the story of a 12-year-old boy caught in the turmoil of the Russian civil war."
The short film covers an equally short period — the final 24 hours in the lives of Alexei and his family. It shows the young boy in an emotional environment as he tries to defend the ones he loves while the civil war unfolds, leading to the execution of the Romanovs in 1918.
Faugerolas was first captivated by the story of Alexei after visiting Russia with his mother, Marie-Ange Faugerolas, a French screenwriter and novelist.
"This boy had an amazing potential, especially how he overcame his problems and tried to save his family," Faugerolas said.
"What I have learned about him is unbelievable. He probably would have been a great ruler," he added, when explaining why he chose the prince as the subject for his school film project, which he then financed with his producing partner on a $25,000 budget.
Casting for "The Tsarevich" was both challenging and gratifying for Faugerolas. "We advertised for the Alexei part in Los Angeles and we received more than 1,000 applicants," he said.
In the end, 13-year-old child actor Michael Fitzgerald was chosen for the role. In fact, he was the first person who applied for the role as well. "He was well prepared," said Faugerolas. "The boy trained for months for the role, living in a wheelchair and practicing dialects.
Faugerolas, left, speaks to the cast of his 15-minute film during shooting.
"The chemistry he shares with Cristina Franco, an actress who plays Empress Alexandra, captures the heart of the relationship between the famous mother and son," Faugerolas added.
The pivotal role of Tsar Nicholas II was given to well-known television actor Mark Moses, whose television credits include "Mad Men" and "Desperate Housewives." "He simply was attracted to the project and its message," Faugerolas said.
Much like most small pictures with tight budgets, the short film was shot in digital format, with Faugerolas' mother doubling as co-screenwriter with her son. French composer Matt Milan created the musical score.
The film's locations proved to be more of a challenge however, especially with limited funds. Faugerolas and his crew searched the greater Los Angeles area for a suitable locale that could represent the provincial Ipatiev house of Yekaterinburg, where the imperial family was held captive by the secret police of the Bolsheviks.
"Finally, we found and transformed a Victorian house in Orange County [adjacent to Los Angeles] into a realistic Russian palace. For our exteriors we chose Malibu," Faugerolas said.
Then, after months of preparations, the film was shot in just five fast and hectic days.
"The Tsarevich" has since been selected to screen at the Manhattan Film Festival in New York, which runs from June 19 to July 3.
"We have not been officially selected yet, but Russia Abroad Film Festival has shown great interest in our film," Faugerolas told The St. Petersburg Times.
He also plans to submit the film to the St. Petersburg International Festival, which takes place Oct. 10 through 17.
Since commercial theatrical showings of short films is essentially nonexistent, Faugerolas plans to release his film online after the festival circuit run.
The Fate of the Tsesarevich Alexei's Dog, Joy Topic: Tsarevich Alexis
Tsesarevich Alexei with his canine companion, Joy
I have a great love of all animals, so much so that I have been a vegetarian for much of my adult life. No animal touches my heart more than that of a dog, so it is only natural that the following article, published in today's issue of The Siberian Times should pull on my heart strings.
The article retells the fate of the Tsearevich Alexei's favourite dog and faithful companion, Joy. We have all seen photographs of the two of them together. Given Alexei's illness which prevented him from playing like most boys his age, his canine friend must have surely brought much comfort and companionship during the days and weeks in which his illness restricted his movement, often making him bedridden for weeks.
The article was written by Kate Baklitskaya, it was inspired by Maja Proescholdt who wrote an extensive article on her personal blog about the fate of the last heir to the Russian throne's favourite canine companion. To read the article in full, view the photos and video, please click on the following link;
Unknown Portrait of Tsesarevich Alexei Discovered Now Playing: Language: Russian. Duration: 2 minutes, 52 seconds Topic: Tsarevich Alexis
Hidden for nearly a century, a previously unknown portrait of the Tsesarevich Alexei Nicholayevich, the son of Emperor Nicholas II was discovered in a house on Wednesday, not far from the Catherine Palace at Pushkin. The portrait was found by workers during the restoration of the facade of the 18th century Kabinetskaya (Cavaliers) House on Sadovoi Ulitsa.
The 86cm x 67cm oil painting of the Tsesarevich Alexei, dressed in a sailors shirt, was found hidden between the wall and the eaves of the house. The canvas was rolled up, wrapped in newspapers dating from 1917 and 1918, and pinned down with bricks. Experts at the Tsarskoye Selo Palace Museum Preserve believe that the owners of the house removed the portrait from its frame and hid it after the revolution of 1917.
The artist is unknown but believed to be painted from a photograph of the young heir to the throne during the 1913-1914 period. Experts will now attempt to identify the artist and learn more about the original owner of the house. It is known that the house was occupied by Gendarme Corps Colonel Boris Gerardi, who served as Head of the Palace Police from 1905-1917.
Iraida Bott, Deputy Scientific Director at the Tsarskoye Selo State Museum Preserve told local media that the oil painting is dilapidated, with numerous creases and a torn-off fragment and in urgent need of restoration. Once this has been done, the portrait will then go on display at the Tsarskoye Selo Palace Museum, presumably in the Alexander Palace where the Tsesarevich spent much of his life. In the meantime, further investigation of the house will result in the discovery of other treasures from the Tsarist period.
New Monument to Tsesarevich Alexei Unveiled in St. Petersburg Now Playing: Language: Russian. Duration: 5 minutes, 26 seconds Topic: Tsarevich Alexis
A bronze monument to the Tsesarevich Alexei Nicholayevich was unveiled on May 26th, at the Cossack Church of the Exaltation of the Cross in St. Petersburg. The Cossacks revere the young Tsesarevich Alexei who served as Cossack Ataman.
The tradition of members of the tsar’s family being as it were ‘adopted’ by heads of guard divisions had a long history in tsarist Russia. For an heir to the throne to be made commander of a regiment was an exceptional honour. Only a few days after the birth of the tsarevich, the hetman or commander of the Astrakhan regiment of the Cossacks received a telegram from the tsar: ‘It is with great joy that I instruct you to inform the Cossacks of the Astrakhan unit that the Heir to the Throne Tsarevich Alexei Nikolaevich is appointed hetman of all the Cossack regiments. Nicholas .’
When the heir to the throne was a little older, the decision was made to start introducing him to the regiments that he was to command. In this context it is worth quoting the reminiscences of General Krasnov, who was there when the tsarevich was presented to the Astrakhan regiment. ‘His Highness took his successor by the hand and went slowly with him past the front line of the Cossacks […] And when His Highness walked on […], the Cossacks wept and waved their swords in their rough calloused hands.’
The new monument of the Tsesarevich stands next to one of his father, Tsar Nicholas II which was unveiled on May 19, 2002. It is the third monument dedicated to the Tsesarevich Alexei Nicholayevich (1904-1918) in post-Soviet Russia.